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VY PEACE TALKS BRIEFER

I.

BACKGROUND

II.

HISTORY OF INSURGENCY

III.

TIMELINE/SALIENT EVENTS
ANNEX A – TIMELINE

IV.

HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS IN PREVIOUS PEACE TALKS
ANNEX B – PREVIOUSLY SIGNED AGREEMENTS
ANNEX B-1 HAGUE JOINT DECLARATION
ANNEX B-2 JOINT AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GRP AND THE NDF ON
SAFETY AND IMMUNITY GUARANTEES OR JASIG
ANNEX B-3 COMPREHENSIVE AGREEMENT ON RESPECT FOR HUMAN
RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW OR CAR-HR/IHL
ANNEX C – OTHER AGREEMENTS
ANNEX C-1 Breukelen Joint Statement
ANNEX C-2 Supplemental RWC Agreement
ANNEX C-3 The Second Oslo Joint Statement
ANNEX C-4 Statement by the Joint Monitoring Committee

V.

GOALS/MAJOR ISSUES IN UPCOMING PEACE TALKS

VI.

QUESTIONS

VII.

LIST OF OFFICIAL RP DELEGATION

VIII.

MEMBERS OF CPP/NPA/NDF PANEL

ANNEX D - REP. JOSE YAP ATTENDANCE IN PEACE TALKS

opapp. the New People’s Army (NPA) was founded. Twenty (20) agreements. the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) is an underground political organization of Marxist ideologues that seeks to overthrow the national government through armed struggle.300 alleged political offenders were released by government as goodwill and confidence building measures. Only one (1) of the four (4) substantive agreements comprising a peace settlement — the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CARHRIHL) – has been signed. The NPA. ARMIE EVARDONE : CELINE GARCIA : PEACE TALKS BRIEFER IX. Large numbers of peasants and student activists went up the mountains to join the armed struggle against government corruption. have been signed. BACKGROUND The Government of the Philippines (GPH) has been engaged in peace negotiations with the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People’s Army/National Democratic Front (CPP/NPA/NDF or CNN) in the hope of attaining a negotiated political settlement that would end the armed conflict and lay the foundations for a just and lasting peace.ph/cpp-npa-ndf/introduction . 1 X. most of which are joint statements/communiqués. and lack of land reform and development in rural communities.gov. grew progressively during the time of President Ferdinand Marcos. which had its roots from the Hukbalahap revolutionaries during World War II.FOR: THRU FROM RE : VY : ATTY. HISTORY OF INSURGENCY Formed in December 1968 by literature professor Jose Maria Sison along with several student revolutionaries. In March 1969. 1http://www. its military wing. Over 1.

Carolina Malay. and national unification and reconciliation. However. In the Senate. During the 1980s. Other political prisoners who were released representing the CPP-NPA-NDF were SaturOcampo. peace talks between the government and all insurgent groups were initiated by the administration of former President Corazon Aquino. Its jurisdiction was all matters relating to peace. unity and reconciliation. Isagani Serrano. peace talks took a standstill until President Fidel Ramos established an amnesty and negotiation process in 1992. And in both chambers of the Legislature. amnesty. logging concessions. was established. This included rebel groups such as the Muslim National Liberation Front (MNLF). Unification and National Reconciliation was formed. 1986. Among its member organizations are the CPP-NPA. After the EDSA Revolution in 1986. armed conflict resolution. among others. former President Corazon Aquino announced that a 60-day ceasefire agreement has been signed by both negotiating panels effective December 10. integration and development of former rebels. a coalition of extreme left leaning political parties. 1986. Both the government and the CPP/NPA/NDF created their corresponding negotiating panels and initial discussions were made. and cessation of hostilities. The NDF-led CPP-NPA fought against foreign ownership of the country’s resources. Rafael Baylosis. Romulo Kintanar. founder of the Communist Party of the Philippines. the NPA went to operating in every province in the country.Initial confidence-building measures included the creation of the National Unification Commission. the National Democratic Front (NDF). a committee was created on peace. As Marcos was overthrown by a popular non-violent and prayerful mass revolution in 1986. And on November 27. Political prisoners identified with the CPP/NPA/NDF were released such as Jose Maria Sison. . Horacio Morales. Father ConradoBalweg. construction companies. and other allied groups. Their attacks targeted foreign-owned and operated mines. violent clashes between the NPA combatants and military forces resulted in heavy casualties. trade unions. former Colonel Victor Corpuz and others. political negotiation. Community Party/New People’s Army and the National Democratic Front (NDF). Muslim Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). gathering thousands of recruits and sympathizers in the countryside. the Committee on Peace.In April 1973.

Rep. Mr. other Alleged Political Offenders (APO). Lone District) was manifested as Chairperson of the 17 th Congress.com/peace-tables/cpp-npa-ndf/ . and Unity. Immediately after President Ramos assumed leadership over the country. another NDF personality. initial talks already took place among government and communist negotiations in the Netherlands. Jalandoni said that the release of the Morong 43. Sison. Sahali (Tawi-Tawi. b) recommendation to respective principals for unilateral Christmas suspension of offensive military operations from 16 December 2010 to 3 January 2001. 2https://peacetalkphilippines. the NPA continue to operate in rural areas while their founder. Sison’s group requested that talks should be conducted in another country outside the Philippines since they were cautious of impending safety and security considerations.In the House of Representatives. and a copy of the Order lifting the Hold Departure Order dated 29 June 29 1992 against NDF Chair Luis Jalandoni. Ruby M.2 XI. they will be issued with safety conduct passes to allow them to move freely within the country. These days.wordpress. Reconciliation. it was the Special Committee on Peace. HONGKONG Informal chair-to-chair meetings produced the following agreements: a) mutual willingness to hold formal talks in February 2011 and a preliminary meeting of the two (2) panels a month before. and the welfare of rebel-returnees. and alleged NDF consultants would be a confidence building measure for the resumption of talks. then Secretary (now Senator) Franklin Drilon stated that if the communist negotiators are to come home. TIMELINE/SALIENT EVENTS GPH-NDF INFORMAL TALKS (Regular Track). the cessation of hostilities generated by internal armed conflicts. They feared that they will be arrested since alleged criminal charges have been filed against them. Luis Jalandoni and other senior leaders live in exile in the Netherlands. Its jurisdiction included all matters relating to negotiations and other initiatives in pursuit of the peace process and national reconciliation. 1-2 DECEMBER 2010. Although President Ramos initially rejected such a request. GPH handed NDF a letter informing them that the JASIG continued to be effective since the GPH has lifted its suspension.

c) GPH to continue working on appropriate measures to effect the expeditious release of 18 listed NDF claimed consultants and personalities. NDF PRECONDITION FOR RELEASES BEFORE JUNE RWCs-SER MEETING: EXCHANGE OF COMMUNICATIONS AND MANILA MEETINGS. The GPH emphasized that in accordance with the 2011 OJS. To resolve the problem. RABOBANK. June 2012). JASIG VERIFICATION (Regular Track). September 2011). the draft Comprehensive Agreement on Political and Constitutional Reforms (CAPCR. She informed him of President Aquino’s interest in pursuing this proposal to advance the peace process. THE NETHERLANDS .GPH-NDF FORMAL TALKS (Regular Track). Agreements reached at the formal talks as recorded in the OJS of 21 February 2011 include: a) the reaffirmation of previous agreements. NORWAY This is the resumption of formal talks after a seven-year impasse. the NDF called off the talks. who was captured one day before the Oslo Formal Talks opened. the NDF raised the issue of releases stating that the June RWCsSER meeting and PCR consultations could only happen if all or most of the remaining 17 other persons referred to in the 2011 OJS were released. MAY-JUNE 2011 In an exchange of communications and at Manila meetings between NDF panel member Fidel Agcaoili and the GPH Panel. or on the basis of humanitarian or other practical reasons. both sides agreed to conduct the JASIG verification process the following month. and the draft Comprehensive Agreement on End of Hostilities and Disposition of Forces (CAEOH/DOF. and the JMC of the CARHRIHL. On the sidelines. c) schedules of bilateral meetings of the RWCs on SER. WGs on PCR. subject to the verification process in the JASIG Supplemental Agreement. OSLO. Sison to discuss the ST proposal. not the June RWC-SER meetings. b) an 18-month timeframe for completing the draft Comprehensive Agreement on Socio-Economic Reforms (CASER. where GPH submitted its “qualified” affirmation and the NDF submitted its rebuttal. They also said that Alan Jazmines. 15-21 FEBRUARY 2011. was needed for RWC-SER meetings. 26 JULY 2011. releases were not unconditional as they were subject to verification and the specified time frame was before the next formal talks expected in September. February 2012). In a letter dated 2 June 2011. Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Teresita Quintos-Deles met discreetly with Mr. UTRECHT.

When the diskettes could not be opened. resorting to insults and name-calling. The GPH was therefore under no obligation to work for their release under the JASIG. The Regular Track of peace negotiations had become immovable and from this point on. the GPH took the position that JASIG would be operative only for those in the JASIG list using real names and those already known as direct participants in the negotiations. yet all subsequent efforts to reschedule the committee meetings were thwarted by continued NDF demands for more releases. the NDF reiterated its call for the GPH to release their claimed consultants before the talks could resume. alleged human rights violations by the AFP. The RNG tried to break the impasse by hosting informal talks in 2012 but the two (2) sides merely signed a short statement saying they had meaningful discussions. Soon after. 2011-2013 . NOTE: Nine (9) of the 18 alleged NDF consultants were released from 2011-2014. But the NDF. refusing to acknowledge the terms under the 2011 OJS. the GPH took the position that JASIG was operative only for those in the JASIG list using real names and those already known as direct participants in the talks. RETURN TO IMPASSE With the failure of verification. THE SPECIAL TRACK. Hence. and accusing the GPH of delaying the talks. the true identities of detained alleged consultants using aliases in the JASIG list could no longer be verified. and accusing the GPH of delaying the talks. Following the failure of the JASIG verification mechanism. hopes for forward movement shifted to a sequence of different initiatives. Nine (9) of the 18 claimed consultants were released. in a safety deposit box. continued to demand for more releases. They also raised additional issues such as reconstruction of the JASIG list. the Regular Track returned to an impasse in an atmosphere of acrimony. and operationalization of the JMC. The NDF raised other issues and went into media frenzy.The verification failed due to the NDF’s violation of the terms of the JASIG Supplemental Agreement that requires the storage of separate photographs and not encrypted pictures in diskettes. The NDF went into media frenzy. Any releases would be confidence building measures. resorting to insults and name-calling.

a team of private emissaries discreetly and unofficially engaged Mr. a nationwide truce. 2014-2015 Between July 2014 and February 2015. neither initiative prospered. expanded the issues. the RNG offered proposals for trust-building to break the impasse. But the NDF roadmap proposals evolved to incorporate the release of claimed NDF consultants as a prerequisite to substantive committee discussions and the truce declaration. Sison and NDF Panel members to assess their continuing claims of readiness to talk.The GPH responded positively to a January 2011 proposal from Jose Maria Sison to pursue a parallel Special Track (ST) towards an “Alliance and Truce” with six (6) elements: a Common Declaration of National Unity and Just Peace. First. second. an Advisory Committee to promote the alliance. In the end. actions to strengthen national independence. were initially positive. RNG INITIATIVES. an agenda along the lines of the ST. Discussions between GPH and NDF ST Teams prospered up to an official exchange of drafts of the Common Declaration in December 2012. with an agreement to attempt a common draft at the February 2013 meeting. the proposal had doable elements and allowed forward movement without preconditions. an immediate truce including economic self-reliance for fighters. the NDF presented a new set of documents that changed the agreed process. and industrial projects. and set unacceptable preconditions for the immediate implementation of the ceasefire provided in the draft Common Declaration. By violating the previous agreement. and a roadmap to political settlement within the current administration. But at that meeting. 2015 Following the emissary team initiative. the pursuit of goodwill gestures by both sides to benefit the people. EMISSARY TERM INITIATIVE. Unfortunately. land reform. the initiative could not progress further for the same reasons that had led to impasse – the NDF handed a list of demands mostly related to release of prisoners. Though linked to the Regular Track. the NDF effectively rendered the ST no longer viable. ELUSIVE PEACE SETTLEMENT . a secret informal meeting for the two (2) sides to see if they could come to a common understanding and agree on parameters for resumption and. Discussions to revive talks without preconditions beginning with an Interim Peace Agreement.

substantive negotiations that could address key conflict drivers.ph/cpp-npa-ndf/introduction 4http://cnnphilippines.4 The Joint Statement also provided that the GPH Panel will recommend to President Duterte the: 3http://www. The NDF’s precondition of the release of prisoners before returning to the table made the attainment of a negotiated political settlement a remote possibility. please see Annex A) XII. political and constitutional reforms. and end of hostilities and disposition of forces. (3) Reconstitution of the JASIG list. (4) Amnesty Proclamation for the release of all detained political prisoners. and (5) Mode of interim ceasefire. the GPH-CNN negotiations are back to where they began in 2010 – at an impasse and for the very same reasons as in the past. In turn. the parties held this round of talks in Oslo on 14-15 July 2016 which resulted in the signing of the Joint Statement where the Parties agreed to resume the formal talks on the third week of July 2016 in Oslo to discuss the following agenda: (1) Affirmation of previously signed agreements.3 (For the entire timeline.gov. This and other NDF demands prevented progress in alternative tracks that.opapp. (Please see Annex B) (2) Accelerated negotiations process including the timeline for the completion of the remaining substantive agenda for the talks: socio-economic reforms.As the administration of President Aquino comes to a close. With the facilitation of the RNG. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS IN PREVIOUS PEACE TALKS A.com/news/2016/06/16/GPH-NDF-peace-talks-set-for-July.html . never took place. whether in the regular or alternative tracks. it had been hoped might produce even interim agreements. subject to concurrence by Congress.

com. NDF has listed 22 NDF consultants who are now detained as crucial to the peace talks.sunstar.6 2. subject to concurrence by Congress.7  Satur Ocampo (former BAYAN MUNA Partylist representative)  Randall Echanis  Vicente Ladlad     Benito Tiamzon (Chairman of CPP-NPA) Wilma Tiamzon.html 6 http://www.5 B. The following are NDF consultants who were granted provisional liberty by the Supreme Court with corresponding cash bonds to appear in the peace talks.opapp.ph/davao/local-news/2016/08/10/all-set-oslo-talks-490467 8 http://www.gov. includes: 1.manilatimes.(1) Immediate release of NDFP consultants and other JASIG protected persons in accordance with the JASIG to enable them to participate in the peace negotiations. Amnesty Proclamation for the release of all detained political prisoners.net/communist-leaders-freed-to-join-oslo-peace-talks/279594/ 9 http://newsinfo.8 (Secretary General of CPP-NPA) Ariel Arbitrario Porferio Tuna9 3.net/806584/duterte-all-ndfp-consultants-will-be-in-oslo-for-peace-talks .inquirer. and (2) Immediate release of prisoners/detainees based on humanitarian grounds. The following were denied temporary and conditional liberty:  Tirso Alcantara     Alex Birondo Winona Birondo Maria Concepcion Bocala Reynante Gamara 5 http://cnnphilippines.ph/cpp-npa-ndf/news/gph-confident-heading-towards-oslo-talks 7 http://www.com/news/2016/06/16/GPH-NDF-peace-talks-set-for-July.

    XIII.10 Rafael Baylosis(jumped out of bail) GOALS/MAJOR ISSUES IN UPCOMING PEACE TALKS The parties agreed to discuss the following agenda during the resumption of peace talks in August:  An accelerated process for negotiations.sunstar. QUESTIONS 10 http://www. and putting an end to hostilities and disposition of forces  Reconstitution of the Joint Agreement of Safety and Immunity Guarantee (JASIG). Loida Magpatoc Adelberto Silva. Alan Jazmines Ma.com.com/news/2016/06/16/GPH-NDF-peace-talks-set-for-July. subject to concurrence of the Congress  Possible implementation of interim ceasefire  Affirmation of previously signed agreements 11 XIV.ph/davao/local-news/2016/08/10/all-set-oslo-talks-490467 11http://cnnphilippines.  Amnesty for political prisoners. allowing NDF consultants and rebel leaders to freely move around the Philippines without the risk of being arrested. political and constitutional reforms.html . which includes coming up with a timeline for the completion of socio-economic.

no official list yet from OPAPP) 1. LIST OF OFFICIAL RP DELEGATION (Not yet confirmed. 2nd District) 4. Former Congressman Hernani Braganza (Pangasinan) XVI. Randall Echanis (NDF consultant) 7. What should the JASIG cover? Only the consultants? Or any member of the CPP/NPA/NDF? Will the JASIG be approved first before the talks start? Will its approval mean that no arrests on political figures associated with the CPP/NPA/NDF will be made? 2.ph/breaking-news/sc-denies-release-of-ndf-leaders-invited-in-oslo-peace-talks/ . Jose Ma. Fidel Agcaoili (NDFP panel member ) 4. Benito (Chairman of CPP-NPA) 9. Vicente Ladlad ((NDF consultant) 8. Luis Jalandoni (Negotiating Panel Chairman) 3. Atty. Bautista (Quezon City) 5. Secretary Silvestre Bello III (Department of Labor and Employment and Chief Government Negotiator) 3. Sison (Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) founder) 2.1. MEMBERS OF CPP/NPA/NDF PANEL 1. Mayor Edgardo Pamintuan (Angeles City) 6. Representative Victor Yap (Tarlac. OPAPP says the conditions of the CPP/NPA/NDF are unreasonable. What then are reasonable demands or conditions? XV. Jesus Dureza (Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process) 2. Edre Olalia (NDFP legal consultant) 5. Wilma Tiamzon (Chairman of CPP-NPA ) 12 12 http://newscentral. Mayor Herbert M. Satur Ocampo (NDF consultant) 6.

Formal peace negotiations between the GRP and the NDF shall be held to resolve the armed conflict.ph/resources/hague-joint-declaration-gph-cppnpandf-sept-1-1992\ . The Netherlands) The Hague Declaration identified the substantive agenda of the formal peace negotiations: human rights and international humanitarian law. socio-economic reforms.gov. end of hostilities and disposition of forces. 13 http://www. political and constitutional reforms. 13 The declaration also includes: a.opapp. HAGUE JOINT DECLARATION (September 1.ANNEX B PREVIOUSLY SIGNED AGREEMENTS 1. 1992 – The Hague.

Specific measures of goodwill and confidence-building to create a favourable climate for peace negotiations. 1998 . COMPREHENSIVE AGREEMENT ON RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW OR CAR-HR/IHL (March 6. The substantive agenda of the formal peace negotiations shall include human rights and international humanitarian law. c. including national sovereignty. Preparatory to the formal peace negotiations.The Hague. Such negotiations shall take place after the parties have reached tentative agreements on substantive issues in the agreed agenda through the reciprocal working committees to be separately organized by the GRP and the NDF. d. The common goal of the aforesaid negotiations shall be the attainment of a just and lasting peace. JOINT AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GRP AND THE NDF ON SAFETY AND IMMUNITY GUARANTEES OR JASIG (February 24. (For a copy. end of hostilities and disposition of forces. please see Annex B-2) 3. socio-economic reforms. 1995 – Nieuwegein.14 (For a copy. The Netherlands) The Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees or JASIG ensured the continuity of the peace process by providing protection and immunity to peace consultants and security staff of the NDF and the government. and no precondition shall be made to negate the inherent character and purpose of the peace negotiations. The Netherlands) 14 . political and constitutional reforms. please see Annex B-1) 2. The holding of peace negotiations must be in accordance with mutually acceptable principles. e. we have agreed to recommend the following: i. democracy and social justice. and ii.b.

and to find principled ways and means of rendering justice to all the victims of such violations. Other Agreements (Please see Annex C) ANNEX D 15 http://www.philippinerevolution. including civil. This Agreement is meant to meet the needs arising from the concrete conditions of the Filipino people concerning violations of human rights and the principles of international humanitarian law.net/documents/comprehensive-agreement-on-respect-for-human-rights-andinternational-humanitarian-law . protect and promote the full scope of human rights. The Parties shall uphold. please see Annex B-3) 4. political. It is proof that the peace talks can produce concrete results. economic.The Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law or CARHRIHL is the first landmark agreement of the peace process. In complying with such obligation due consideration shall be accorded to the respective political principles and circumstances of the Parties. President Joseph Estrada signed the CARHRIHL in 1998. social and cultural rights.15 (For a copy.

Jose Yap issue separate but similar statements announcing that prospects are bright for a new round of peace negotiations between the GRP and NDFP.REP. GRP proposal – a 3-page draft of Final Peace Agreement. Confidence-building measures The two sides work on the two drafts and finally agree on a joint “Document of Understanding to Accelerate the Peace Negotiations between the GRP and the NDFP” after marathon negotiations lasting till the wee hours of December 2. Agenda: 1. 1992 – The Hague Joint Declaration is signed in The Hague. 1990 – Luis Jalandoni and Jose Ma. and Rep. October 4. 1990 – Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) emissary Rep. The Netherlands Institute of International Relations which receives support from the Dutch foreign affairs and defense ministries and advises the government and parliament on issues of international relations November 30 . September 1. Bello. NDFP counterproposal: Document of Understanding to Accelerate the Peace Negotiations between the GRP and the NDFP 3. Sison in the Netherlands. 1992 – Rep. The Netherlands by NDFP vice chairman Luis Jalandoni and GRP emissary Rep. the joint document of understanding is rejected purportedly by the COC-IS when the two Parties arrived in Oslo for a meeting with the Royal Norwegian Government prime minister. Jose Yap comes to the Netherlands with official written authority from newly-elected GRP President Fidel Ramos to resume official exploratory talks with NDFP. 2001 – Backchannel talks in The Netherlands between GRP delegation composed of Speaker De Venecia. Jalandoni declares that peace negotiations can start without preconditions August 29. Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Gen. Eduardo Ermita. 2. . Jose Yap and Presidential Management Staff Head Silvestre Afable and NDFP panel members and consultants. Sison. JOSE YAP ATTENDANCE IN PEACE TALKS September 26-29. Jose Yap meets separately with National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) vice chairman for international relations Luis Jalandoni and NDFP consultant Jose Ma.Dec 1. Jose Yap at the Clingendael.

2003 – Informal talks in The Hague. Gov. The Netherlands between a GRP delegation composed of Speaker de Venecia.casema. Jose Yap. Norberto Gonzales and Bello and the NDFP Panel to explore possibilities for resuming formal talks16 16http://members. Sec.June 26-28.html .nl/ndf/peace/agreements/chronology06.