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JEL Classification System

08/06/2007 10:29 AM

AEAweb: JEL: Classification System

Journal of Economic Literature
Classification System Menu
Click on the subject category below to see the full list of JEL
classifications for that category. The menu itself is used in the
Annotated Listing of New Books section of JEL. It is also the
system used for specifying Major Fields of the American
Economic Association membership. See the EconLit
subject descriptors for the classifications used in EconLit.
- Indicates new or changed listing
A0 - General Economics and Teaching: General
A1 - General Economics
A2 - Teaching of Economics
B0 - Schools of Economic Thought and
Methodology: General
B1 - History of Economic Thought through 1925
B2 - History of Economic Thought since 1925
B3 - History of Thought: Individuals
B4 - Economic Methodology
B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches
C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods:
General
C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods:
General
C2 - Econometric Methods: Single Equation
Models
C3 - Econometric Methods:
Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models
C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods:
Special Topics
C5 - Econometric Modeling
C6 - Mathematical Methods and Programming
C7 - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation
Methodology; Computer Programs
C9 - Design of Experiments
D0 - Microeconomics: General
D1 - Household Behavior
D2 - Production and Organizations
D3 - Distribution
D4 - Market Structure and Pricing
D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
D6 - Welfare Economics
D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
D8 - Information and Uncertainty
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JEL Classification System

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D9 - Intertemporal Choice and Growth
E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary
Economics: General
E1 - General Aggregative Models
E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production,
Employment, and Investment
E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
E4 - Money and Interest Rates
E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the
Supply of Money
E6 - Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance,
Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook
F0 - International Economics: General
F1 - Trade
F2 - International Factor Movements and
International Business
F3 - International Finance
F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International
Trade and Finance
G0 - Financial Economics: General
G1 - General Financial Markets
G2 - Financial Institutions and Services
G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance
H0 - Public Economics: General
H1 - Structure and Scope of Government
H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic
Agents
H4 - Publicly Provided Goods
H5 - National Government Expenditures and
Related Policies
H6 - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt
H7 - State and Local Government;
Intergovernmental Relations
H8 - Miscellaneous Issues
I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare: General
I1 - Health
I2 - Education
I3 - Welfare and Poverty
J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics:
General
J1 - Demographic Economics
J2 - Time Allocation; Work Behavior;
Employment Determination and Creation
J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
J4 - Particular Labor Markets
J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade
Unions, and Collective Bargaining
J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies
J7 - Discrimination
J8 - Labor Standards: National and International
K0 - Law and Economics: General
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Economic Systems: General P1 . and Behavior L3 . Environment.Labor and Consumers. and Illegal Behavior L0 .Manufacturing and Construction N7 .Business Administration and Business Economics. and Growth: General O1 .Industry Studies: Manufacturing L7 . War.Regional and Urban History O0 .Financial Markets and Institutions N3 .Regulation and Business Law K3 .Firm Objectives.Business Administration M2 .Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity O5 . International and Domestic Trade. Organization.Marketing and Advertising M4 . Firm Strategy.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM K1 .Economic History: General N1 .Transport.Industry Studies: Utilities and Transportation M0 . Technological Change.aeaweb.Accounting and Auditing M5 .Industrial Organization: General L1 .Basic Areas of Law K2 . Education.Capitalist Systems http://www.Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction L8 .Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics.Other Substantive Areas of Law K4 .Industry Studies: Services L9 . Energy.Agriculture.html Página 3 de 26 .Economic Development. Accounting: General M1 .Personnel Economics N0 .Government.Legal Procedure.Regulation and Industrial Policy L6 . and Regulation N5 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Law.Market Structure. and Market Performance L2 . and Other Services N8 .Micro-Business History N9 .Economic Development O2 . the Legal System. Income and Wealth N4 .Economywide Country Studies P0 . and Extractive Industries N6 . Natural Resources.Antitrust Policy L5 . Demography.Development Planning and Policy O3 .Business Economics M3 .Technological Change O4 .Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise L4 . Growth and Fluctuations N2 . Marketing.

Production Analysis and Firm Location R4 .Undergraduate A23 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM P2 .Teaching of Economics A20 .General Regional Economics R2 . Role of Economists A12 .Graduate http://www.Urban.Relation of Economics to Social Values A14 . A .Agriculture Q2 .Regional Government Analysis Z0 .aeaweb.Other A2 .General A11 .General Economics A10 .Other Economic Systems P5 .General A21 .Other Special Topics: General Z1 .html Página 4 de 26 .Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions P4 .Energy R0 .Transportation Systems R5 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Sociology of Economics A19 .Household Analysis R3 . Environmental Management Q3 .Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines A13 .Cultural Economics JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM Subject descriptors on EconLit correspond to the JEL classification system below.Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies P3 .General A1 .Precollege A22 . Rural. Click on any main heading to see the corresponding EconLit subject descriptors.Role of Economics.General Economics and Teaching A00 .Comparative Economic Systems Q0 .Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation Q4 .Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics: General Q1 . and Regional Economics: General R1 .Renewable Resources and Conservation.

General B1 . Marxist B25 .Other B2 .Macroeconomics B23 .Socialist. Institutional.Austrian B59 .Current Heterodox Approaches B50 .General B21 .Individuals B30 .Economic Methodology B40 .General C1 .Historical. Institutional B19 .Preclassical B12 .Econometric and Statistical Methods: General C10 .Classical B13 .Estimation C14 .Econometrics. Sraffian B52 . Evolutionary B29 .General B31 .aeaweb.General B41 .Historical.History of Thought: .Socialist.General B11 . Marxian.Other B3 .Other Go to TOP | MENU C . Quantitative Studies B24 .History of Economic Thought through 1925 B10 .Individuals B4 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Institutional.General C11 . Monte Carlo Methods http://www.General B51 .Hypothesis Testing C13 .Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods C15 .Bayesian Analysis C12 . Marxist B15 .Socialist.html Página 5 de 26 .Economic Methodology B49 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM A29 .Microeconomics B22 .Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology B00 .Other B5 .History of Economic Thought since 1925 B20 .Neoclassical through 1925 B14 .Statistical Simulation Methods. Evolutionary B53 .Other Go to TOP | MENU B .Mathematical and Quantitative Methods C00 .

Index Numbers and Aggregation C44 .Survey Methods C43 .Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models C29 .Econometric and Statistical Methods: Specific Distributions C19 .General C61 .Input-Output Models C68 .Model Construction and Estimation C52 .html Página 6 de 26 .Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics C40 . Dynamic Analysis C62 .Other C6 .Econometric Methods: Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models C30 . Spatial Models C32 .Miscellaneous Mathematical Tools C67 .Other C4 .Computable General Equilibrium Models http://www.Optimization Techniques.Forecasting and Other Model Applications C59 .Model Evaluation and Testing C53 .Computational Techniques C65 .Econometric Methods: .Other C2 .Other C3 .General C51 .Time-Series Models C23 .Single Equation Models C20 .Models with Panel Data C24 .Cross-Sectional Models.Models with Panel Data C34 .General C21 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Truncated and Censored Models C25 . Operations Research C45 . Spatial Models C22 .Truncated and Censored Models C35 .Cross-Sectional Models.Econometric Modeling C50 .Mathematical Methods and Programming C60 .Duration Analysis C42 .aeaweb.Statistical Decision Theory.Other C5 .General C31 .Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium C63 . Programming Models.Neural Networks and Related Topics C49 .General C41 .Time-Series Models C33 .Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models C39 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM C16 .

Consumer Economics: Theory D12 .Production.Bargaining Theory. Matching Theory C79 . Capacity D29 .Organizational Behavior.Other D2 . Individual Behavior C92 .Methodology for Collecting.Other Go to TOP | MENU D .Distribution D30 .Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation D14 .Noncooperative Games C73 .General D11 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM C69 . Capital and Total Factor Productivity.General C81 .General D31 .Other Computer Software C89 . Estimating.Design of Experiments C90 .General C71 . Estimating.Laboratory.aeaweb.Methodology for Collecting.General C91 . Transaction Costs.Cooperative Games C72 .Consumer Protection D19 .Other D3 .General D1 . and Organizing Macroeconomic Data C87 .Other C9 .General D21 .html Página 7 de 26 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis D13 . Group Behavior C93 .Stochastic and Dynamic Games C78 . Property Rights D24 .Household Behavior D10 .Econometric Software C88 .Firm Behavior D23 .Production and Organizations D20 . Computer Programs C80 .Personal Income and Wealth http://www.Other C7 .Personal Finance D18 .Game Theory and Bargaining Theory C70 .Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology.Laboratory.Microeconomics D00 .Other C8 .Field Experiments C99 . and Organizing Microeconomic Data C82 .

Information and Uncertainty D80 . Administrative Processes in Public Organizations D74 .Allocative Efficiency.Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty D82 .Other D7 .Rationing.Other D8 .Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking.Other D6 .Auctions D45 .General D41 . Clubs. Speculations D89 . Learning.Conflict.Market Structure and Pricing D40 .html Página 8 de 26 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium D50 . Elections.Input-Output Analysis D58 .Other http://www. Inequality.Analysis of Collective Decision-Making D70 . Legislatures.General D51 .Equity.Other D4 . Alliances D78 .Expectations.Exchange and Production Economies D52 .Value Theory D49 .Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models D59 .General D81 .Other D5 .Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection D44 .Asymmetric and Private Information D83 .Monopoly D43 .Social Choice.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Distribution D33 . Justice.Welfare Economics D60 . and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement D64 .Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation D79 .General D71 .Bureaucracy.Factor Income Distribution D39 . Conflict Resolution. Licensing D46 . and Information D84 .aeaweb.General D61 . Cost-Benefit Analysis D62 .Search.Altruism D69 . and Voting Behavior D73 .Incomplete Markets D57 .Externalities D63 .Perfect Competition D42 . Committees D72 .

Determination of Interest Rates.Other E5 .General http://www.General E41 .Other E4 . Unemployment.General D91 .Intertemporal Choice and Growth D90 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Investment (including Inventories). Wages E25 . Investment.Capital. Cycles E37 . Central Banking. Production. Institutional. Life Cycle Models and Saving D92 .Monetary Policy.Forecasting and Simulation E39 . Saving E22 .Other E2 .Forecasting and Simulation E19 .Intertemporal Consumer Choice.Money and Interest Rates E40 .Production E24 .General E21 .Aggregate Factor Income Distribution E27 .Intertemporal Firm Choice and Growth. Business Fluctuations.Marxian.Prices. or Financing D99 .aeaweb.Other Go to TOP | MENU E .html Página 9 de 26 . and the Supply of Money and Credit E50 .Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics E00 . Saving.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM D9 . Inflation. Keynesian.Consumption. Evolutionary E12 . Term Structure of Interest Rates E44 .Forecasting and Simulation E49 .Neoclassical E17 . Capacity E23 .Other E3 .Employment. and Cycles E30 .General E1 .Price Level. Sraffian.Monetary Standards and Regimes. Employment.Business Fluctuations.Forecasting and Simulation E29 .Demand for Money E42 .Consumption.Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy E47 .General Aggregative Models E10 .General E11 . Post-Keynesian E13 . Government and the Monetary System E43 .General E31 . and Investment E20 .Keynes. Deflation E32 .

Money Multipliers E52 .Monetary Policy (Targets.html Página 10 de 26 . Policy Coordination E62 .Other F3 .International Finance http://www.Country and Industry Studies of Trade F15 .General Outlook and Conditions E69 . and General Outlook E60 .Macroeconomic . Price Policy E65 .General F11 .Trade Forecasting and Simulation F18 . and Effects) E53 .Trade F10 .International Factor Movements and International Business F20 . Taxation E63 .Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies F13 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM E51 .Incomes Policy. Macroeconomic Policy.General E61 .Commercial Policy.Money Supply.Studies of Particular Policy Episodes E66 ..Deposit Insurance E58 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Economic Integration: General F1 . and Finance. Investment.Other Go to TOP | MENU F . Public Expenditures.Trade and Labor Market Interactions F17 .Central Banks and Their Policies E59 . Protection.Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy E64 .Other E6 .Fiscal Policy.aeaweb.International Investment. LongTerm Capital Movements F22 .Trade and Environment F19 .Policy Objectives. Trade Negotiations F14 .International Economics F00 .International Migration F23 .Neoclassical Models of Trade F12 . Instruments.Aspects of Public Finance.Economic Integration F16 .Multinational Firms.Other F2 .General F01 .International Economic Order. Promotion.Global Outlook F02 . Policy Designs and Consistency.General F21 . International Business F29 . Credit.

Information and Market Efficiency.International Financial Markets G18 . Other Depository Institutions.Economic Growth of Open Economies F47 .Foreign Exchange F32 . Other Private Financial Institutions G24 .International Lending and Debt Problems F35 . Brokerage G28 .Banks.International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions F34 .Other Go to TOP | MENU G ..General G1 .Contingent Pricing.Other G3 . Futures Pricing G14 .General G21 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Insurance Companies G23 .Investment Banking.aeaweb.html Página 11 de 26 . Mortgages G22 .International Policy Coordination and Transmission F43 .Insurance.Corporate Finance and Governance G30 .Open Economy Macroeconomics F42 .Current Account Adjustment.Financial Economics G00 .Forecasting and Simulation F49 .Portfolio Choice G12 .Financial Institutions and Services G20 .Foreign Aid F36 .Pension Funds.General G31 .Government Policy and Regulation G29 . Event Studies G15 .Government Policy and Regulation G19 . ShortTerm Capital Movements F33 . Capital and Ownership Structure http://www. Investment Policy G32 .Other G2 .General F41 .Asset Pricing G13 .General Financial Markets G10 .Financial Aspects of Economic Integration F39 .Capital Budgeting.Other F4 .Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance F40 .General F31 .General G11 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM F30 . Venture Capital.Financing Policy.

Bankruptcy. Restructuring.html Página 12 de 26 . Redistributive Effects.National Security and War H57 .Tax Evasion H29 .Project Evaluation.General H41 .Other H2 .Social Security and Public Pensions H56 .Government Policy and Regulation G39 .Government Expenditures and Education H53 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs H54 .Taxation.Mergers.Externalities.Other H5 .National Government Expenditures and Related Policies H50 .Other http://www.Other H3 .General H51 . Optimal Taxation H22 .General H31 .Publicly Provided Private Goods H43 . Corporate Governance G35 .Other Go to TOP | MENU H .Business Taxes and Subsidies H26 .Procurement H59 . Environmental Taxes and Subsidies H24 .Publicly Provided Goods H40 . Subsidies.Firm H39 . Social Discount Rate H49 .Public Goods H42 . and Revenue H20 .General H11 .Household H32 .Structure and Scope of Government H19 .Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents H30 .Infrastructures H55 . Liquidation G34 . Acquisitions.Incidence H23 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM G33 .Other H4 .Structure and Scope of Government H10 .Efficiency.Government Expenditures and Health H52 .Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies H25 .Public Economics H00 .General H21 .Payout Policy G38 .General H1 .aeaweb..

Government Policy I29 .Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects H74 .General H61 . Regulation. Subsidies. Basic Needs.Measurement and Analysis of Poverty http://www.Miscellaneous Issues H80 .Welfare and Poverty I30 . Surplus H63 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Disability. Deficit. Federalism H79 .Health. Public Health I19 .Other I3 . and Economic Behavior I18 .Deficit.Health Production: Nutrition.Governmental Loans and Credits H82 . and Revenue H72 .General H81 .General I21 .General I1 . Intergovernmental Relations H70 .Other H7 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM H6 .Other Go to TOP | MENU I .. and Debt H60 .Educational Finance I28 .State and Local Taxation.General I11 . Debt Management H69 . Quality of Life I32 .National Budget.State and Local Borrowing H77 .State and Local Budget and Expenditures H73 . Morbidity.Intergovernmental Relations.Government Policy.General Welfare.Education I20 .Budget.Governmental Property H87 .Other H8 .International Fiscal Issues H89 . Substance Abuse and Addiction.aeaweb.Analysis of Education I22 .Other I2 .Debt.State and Local Government.Health I10 .Analysis of Health Care Markets I12 . Mortality.html Página 13 de 26 . Budget Systems H62 .General H71 . Education.General I31 . and Welfare I00 .

Economics of Minorities and Races J16 . quits) J23 . J32 . Private Pensions J33 .General J41 . Compensation. Family Planning. Self-employment J24 . Family Structure J13 .Public Policy J19 . etc. and Structure J22 .Compensation Packages. Matching Models.Public Policy J39 . Foregone Income J18 .Time Allocation and Labor Supply (hours of work. Size.Retirement. Payment Methods J38 .Marriage.Other J4 . Children. Training. Wage Differentials by Skill.Labor and Demographic Economics J00 .Wage Level and Structure.Particular Labor Markets J40 . absenteeism.Time Allocation.Other Go to TOP | MENU J . Employment Determination and Creation J20 . On-the-Job Training) J26 .General J21 .Human Capital.General J1 .Wages. part-time employment. Job Satisfaction.Contracts: Specific Human Capital. Demand for Labor.General J11 . and Internal http://www. Retirement Policies J28 . work sharing. Labor Productivity (Formal Training Programs. Child Care.org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Industrial Health. Occupation.html Página 14 de 26 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM I38 . Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs I39 . Skills.Employment Determination.Fertility.Other J2 .Other J3 . Occupational Choice.Value of Life.Economics of Gender J17 . Youth J14 .Demographic Trends and Forecasts J12 . Efficiency Wage Models. and Labor Costs J30 .Economics of the Elderly J15 .Demographic Economics J10 . Work Behavior.Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits.General J31 .Government Programs. Accidents.Labor Force and Employment.aeaweb.Safety. Marital Dissolution. Related Public Policy J29 .

hours) J82 .Public Policy J59 . Mediation J53 . and Effects J52 . prison labor.Public Policy J89 .Trade Unions: Objectives. Trade Unions.Public Policy J69 . Arbitration. racial and gender discrimination) J83 .Other J6 .Professional Labor Markets and Occupations Firm Behavior (the Commons) J45 .Labor-Management Relations. Plant Closings J68 .Discrimination J70 .General J51 .Geographic Labor Mobility. and Collective Bargaining J50 .Working Conditions (safety. Incidence.Dispute Resolution: Strikes. and Vacancies J60 .aeaweb. Severance Pay. bonded labor.General J81 .html Página 15 de 26 .Workers' Rights J88 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Producer Cooperatives.Unemployment Insurance.Public Policy J79 .Other http://www.Turnover. immigrant labor.Other J5 .Labor Force Composition (child labor. Structure. Labor Managed Firms J58 . Layoffs J64 . Unemployment.Monopsony.Labor-Management Relations.Discrimination J78 . Vacancies.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Labor Markets J42 .Unemployment: Models.Other J7 .General J71 . Industrial Jurisprudence J54 .General J61 .Agricultural Labor Markets J44 .Mobility. Duration.Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility J63 .Particular Labor Markets: Public Policy J49 . Immigrant Workers J62 . Segmented Labor Markets J43 .Other J8 .Labor Standards: National and International J80 .Public Sector Labor Markets J48 . and Job Search J65 .

International Law K34 .General K41 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Entry and Exit) L12 .Other K3 .Tort Law and Product Liability K14 . Monopolization Strategies L13 .Market Structure. and Illegal Behavior K40 . Product Differentiation.Production.Criminal Law K19 . Contracts and Reputation http://www.Property Law K12 . and Market Structure.Transactional Relationships.Contract Law K13 .Regulated Industries and Administrative Law K29 .Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets L14 .Tax Law K39 . and Market Performance L10 . Health.aeaweb.Legal Procedure.Litigation Process K42 . Size Distribution of Firms (Concentration.Other K4 . and Safety Law K33 .General L11 .Other Go to TOP | MENU L .Regulation and Business Law K20 .Monopoly.General K31 .Basic Areas of Law K10 . Firm Strategy.html Página 16 de 26 .General K21 .Antitrust Law K22 .General K11 . Pricing.General L1 .Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law K49 .Industrial Organization L00 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Go to TOP | MENU K .General K1 .Environmental.Other Substantive Areas of Law K30 .Labor Law K32 . the Legal System.Law and Economics K00 ..Other K2 .Corporation and Securities Law K23 .

Industrial Policy. Cement. Contracting Out L39 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. and Behavior L20 .Industry Studies: Manufacturing L60 . and Professional Organizations L49 .Regulation and Industrial Policy L50 .Microelectronics.html Página 17 de 26 . Armaments L65 .Other L6 . Macroeconomic Industrial Structure L19 .Vertical Restraints. Glass.Other L2 . Communications Equipment L64 .aeaweb. Biotechnology http://www.Other Machinery.Business Objectives of the Firm L22 .Nonprofit Institutions L32 . Business Equipment. Nonprofit Institutions.Boundaries of Public and Private Enterprise.Other L5 . Drugs.Other L4 . Sectoral Planning Methods L59 .Organization of Production L25 .Antitrust Policy L40 . Ceramics L62 .Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise.Firm Objectives.General L41 .Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation L44 .General L51 .General L61 .Other L3 .General L31 . Resale Price Maintenance. Privatization.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM L15 .Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise L30 .Metals and Metal Products.Information and Product Quality L16 .Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics. Hierarchies.Firm Organization and Market Structure: Markets vs. Quantity Discounts L43 . Vertical Integration L23 . Organization.Monopolization.General L21 . Rubber.Firm Size and Performance L29 .Automobiles. Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices L42 . Computers.Public Enterprises L33 .Chemicals.Economics of Regulation L52 . Other Transportation Equipment L63 .

Marketing.Electric Utilities L95 .Utilities: General L98 .General http://www.Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities L90 . Other Consumer Durables L69 . etc.Air Transportation L94 .Gas Utilities.Information and Internet Services. Beverages.General L81 .Other L8 . and Leather L68 .Telecommunications L97 .Mining.Business Administration and Business Economics.Mining.General M1 . Extraction. Tobacco L67 ..Other L7 .Forest Products: Lumber and Paper L74 . Recreation.Other L9 .Transportation: General L92 .Industry Studies: Services L80 . and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels L72 .Personal and Professional Services L85 .html Página 18 de 26 .Appliances.Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing.Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction L70 . Textiles. Media (Performing Arts. Visual Arts.) L83 . and Water Carriers L93 . Extraction. Computer Software L89 .Food.Railroads and Other Surface Transportation: Autos. Accounting M00 . Broadcasting.org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Retail and Wholesale Trade. Trucks. Warehousing L82 . and Refining: Other Nonrenewable Resources L73 .aeaweb.Government Policy L99 .Sports.Other Go to TOP | MENU M .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM L66 .Real Estate Services L86 . Buses. Water Utilities L96 . Cosmetics.Entertainment. Pipelines. Tourism L84 .Business Administration M10 .General L71 . Gambling.General L91 . Shoes.Construction L79 . Publishing.

General M51 .. Canada: 1913-71 N13 .Entrepreneurship M14 ..Labor Contracting: Outsourcing.Production Management M12 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM M11 .Personnel Management M13 . Promotions (hiring. Franchising: Other M49 . job satisfaction) M55 ..U. parttime seniority issues) M52 .Labor Management (team formation. fringe benefits.Economic History N00 .Accounting and Auditing M40 .Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects (stock options. International. or Comparative N11 .Other Go to TOP | MENU N . Social Responsibility M19 .General N01 . seniority issues) M53 .Business Economics M29 .Other M5 . Sources and Methods N1 . firing.Accounting M42 .Other M2 .General M21 . worker empowerment.Other M3 . Canada: Pre-1913 N12 .S.Europe: 1913-71 N15 .Development of the Discipline: Historiographical.Firm Employment Decisions. job design.Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics.Europe: Pre-1913 N14 .U. tasks and authority.Auditing M49 .aeaweb.html Página 19 de 26 .Corporate Culture. incentives.General M41 .Marketing and Advertising M30 .Training M54 .Business Economics M20 .Marketing M37 . turnover.General M31 .Other M4 .Personnel Economics M50 .Advertising M39 . Growth and Fluctuations N10 .S.org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Asia including Middle East http://www.General.

Latin America. Oceania N5 . Canada: Pre-1913 N52 .U.. Caribbean N57 ..Asia including Middle East N66 .S. International.Agriculture. Canada: Pre-1913 N42 .. Canada: 1913-71 N53 . Law.S.U.U. Caribbean N27 . International.Europe: Pre-1913 N24 .S. Canada: Pre-1913 N32 .html Página 20 de 26 .Europe: Pre-1913 N34 .Europe: Pre-1913 N44 . Canada: 1913-71 N23 . Caribbean http://www.Latin America. Caribbean N47 .Europe: Pre-1913 N64 ..S.S. or Comparative N61 .U.Europe: 1913-71 N35 ...U.Government.aeaweb.S. Natural Resources. Canada: 1913-71 N33 . Oceania N2 .Africa.Asia including Middle East N36 .U.Financial Markets and Institutions N20 . Caribbean N17 . International. International. Caribbean N37 ..Africa.Africa.Africa. or Comparative N41 .Asia including Middle East N26 . Canada: Pre-1913 N62 .U. War. Oceania N4 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Latin America. and Extractive Industries N50 . International.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM N16 .S.S.Latin America. or Comparative N51 .Europe: 1913-71 N45 .Asia including Middle East N56 .General..Latin America. Demography. or Comparative N31 ..U. Canada: 1913-71 N43 .Asia including Middle East N46 .Europe: 1913-71 N55 .Manufacturing and Construction N60 .General.Europe: Pre-1913 N54 . Environment.Africa.Labor and Consumers.Europe: 1913-71 N65 . or Comparative N21 .Europe: 1913-71 N25 . Education.U.S.. Canada: 1913-71 N63 .General. Oceania N6 .U.Latin America.General. Oceania N3 . Income and Wealth N30 .General.S. Canada: Pre-1913 N22 . and Regulation N40 .

Natural Resources.Africa. and Growth O00 .S.S..html Página 21 de 26 . Canada: 1913-71 N73 ..Economic Development.Formal and Informal Sectors. Canada: Pre-1913 N72 .Latin America.U.Europe: 1913N950 .Africa. Urban.Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development O13 .Europe: Pre-1913 N74 . Institutional Arrangements O18 .General. Caribbean N87 .Africa.Regional and Urban History N90 . Saving and Capital Investment O17 .aeaweb.. Migration O16 .Human Resources. or Comparative N71 .U. and Rural http://www.U.S. Caribbean N77 .. Oceania Go to TOP | MENU O . Caribbean N970 .Latin America.Economic Development O10 .Asia including Middle East N86 . Canada: Pre-1913 N920 .Latin America. Choice of Technology O15 . Shadow Economy. Oceania N8 . Oceania N7 .Europe: 1913-71 N75 .S. Canada: 1913-71 N83 . Other Primary Products O14 . Environment.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM N67 ...Europe: 1913-71 N85 .U.S.Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development O12 . Energy. and Other Services N70 .General N910 . International.General O1 . International.U.Europe: Pre-1913 N84 .General O11 . Canada: Pre-1913 N82 . International and Domestic Trade.Transport. Income Distribution.Africa.org/journal/elclasjn_hold. or Comparative N81 .Asia including Middle East N960 .Europe: Pre-1913 N940 . Canada: 1913N930 . Oceania N9 .S. Technological Change.General.Agriculture.Micro-Business History N80 .Industrialization.Asia including Middle East N76 .U.Financial Markets.Regional.

Planning Policy O22 . Canada O52 .Planning.General P11 .S.Other O4 .Planning Models..One.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Analyses O19 .Asia including Middle East O54 .Monetary Growth Models O47 .General O51 . and Multisector Growth Models O42 .Cooperative Enterprises http://www.Intellectual Property Rights: National and International Issues O38 .Trade Policy.Oceania O57 .aeaweb.Capitalist Enterprises P13 .Government Policy O39 .General O41 .U.Management of Technological Innovation and R&D O33 . and Reform P12 .Project Analysis O23 .Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development O24 .Capitalist Systems P10 . Coordination.Technological Change: Choices and Consequences O34 .html Página 22 de 26 .Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity O40 . Factor Movement. Caribbean O55 .Technological Change O30 .Latin America.Measurement of Economic Growth.Other O3 . Role of International Organizations O2 .General P1 . Two.International Linkages to Development. Aggregate Productivity O49 .General O21 .Africa O56 .Europe O53 . Foreign Exchange Policy O29 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Comparative Studies of Countries Go to TOP | MENU P .General O31 .Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives O32 .Other O5 .Economywide Country Studies O50 .Economic Systems P00 .Development Planning and Policy O20 .

Public Finance P36 .aeaweb. Inflation P45 .General P51 . and Expenditure. Factor and Product Markets.Performance and Prospects P19 .Other P2 .Collectives.Sustainable Development http://www.Factor and Product Markets P24 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM P14 . and Reform P42 . Prices P43 .Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions P32 .National Income. Product. Coordination. Agricultural Institutions P33 .Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics Q00 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold. Communes. Money.Legal P39 . Health.General Q01 .Planning. Product.Other P5 .html Página 23 de 26 .Planning.Performance and Prospects P29 .International Linkages P34 . Coordination. Education.Other P3 .Other Go to TOP | MENU Q .General P41 .International Linkages P46 .Productive Enterprises.Property Rights P16 . Money.Political Economy P17 .Other P4 .Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions P30 .Consumer Economics.Comparative Studies of Particular Economies P59 .Finance P35 .Performance and Prospects P49 . and Expenditure.Other Economic Systems P40 .General P31 .General P21 .National Income.Prices P23 .Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies P20 .Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems P52 .Comparative Economic Systems P50 . Inflation P26 . Public Finance P44 . and Poverty P37 .Finance. and Reform P22 .Household Behavior P47 . Welfare.Political Economy P27 .

Water.Other Q3 .Alternative Energy Sources Q43 .Agriculture Q10 .html Página 24 de 26 . Land Reform.Demand and Supply Q42 .Urban. Contingent Valuation Methods Q28 .Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis. Food Policy Q19 . Agribusiness Q14 .Government Policy Q29 .General Q11 .Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources.General Q41 . Rural. Climate.Demand and Supply.General Q31 .Other Go to TOP | MENU R .General Q21 .Agricultural Markets and Marketing.Land Ownership and Tenure.Renewable Resources and Conservation. Environmental Modeling and Forecasting Firm Behavior (the Commons) Institutions. and Regional Economics R00 . Air. Land Use.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Q1 . Agricultural Technology.General R1 .Other Q4 . Farm Households. Cooperatives.Land Q25 .Agriculture in International Trade Q18 . Environmental Management Q20 .Energy Q40 .Demand and Supply Q32 .Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development Q33 .org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Energy and the Macroeconomy Q48 . Illegal Behavior Q22 .R&D. and Farm Input Markets Q13 . Irrigation Q16 .General Regional Economics http://www.Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation Q30 . Noise Q26 .aeaweb.Government Policy Q49 .Resource Booms Q38 .Agricultural Policy.Agricultural Finance Q15 . Agricultural Extension Services Q17 .Micro Analysis of Farm Firms.Fishery Q23 .Government Policy Q39 .Forestry Q24 . Prices Q12 .Other Q2 .

org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Other R2 .aeaweb.General R11 . and Congestion R42 .Other Production and Pricing Analysis R33 .html Página 25 de 26 .Finance in Urban and Rural Economies R52 .General R31 . and Changes R12 .Production Analysis and Firm Location R30 .Housing Demand R22 . Regional Labor Markets.Other Demand R23 .Regional Government Analysis R50 .Other R4 .Other R5 .Other Go to TOP | MENU Z .Housing Supply and Markets R32 .General R21 .Government Pricing.Regional Migration.Analysis of Growth.Government and Private Investment Analysis R48 . Development.Regional Development Policy R59 .Other R3 .JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM R10 .Household Analysis R20 .General R41 . Other Models R19 .Land Use and Other Regulations R53 .Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity R13 .Public Facility Location Analysis.Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets R34 .Transportation: Demand.Input Demand Analysis R38 .Transportation Systems R40 . Regulatory Policies R39 .Land Use Patterns R15 .General R51 .General Z1 . Supply.Cultural Economics http://www.Government Policies.Other Special Topics Z00 . Public Investment and Capital Stock R58 .General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies R14 .Econometric and Input-Output Models. Population R29 . Regulatory Policies R49 .

org/journal/elclasjn_hold.Social Norms and Social Capital Go to TOP | MENU Go to EconLit subject descriptors .Religion Z13 .aeaweb.JEL Classification System 08/06/2007 10:29 AM Z10 .Indicates new or changed listing Updated 4/2003 Back to Top Copyright © 2003 AEA http://www.General Z11 .html Página 26 de 26 .Economics of the Arts and Literature Z12 .