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com

**VOLUMES & SURFACE AREA
**

FORMULAE:

1. Cuboid ⎯ Let, length = l, breadth = b and height = h units.

(i) Volume of Cuboid = (l×b×h) cubic units.

⎯ Let each edge (or side) of a cube be a units, then ⎯

2. Cube

at

io

n

**(i) Volume of Cube = a3 cubic units.
**

(ii) Whole surface of cube = 6a2 sq.units.

( )

(iii) Diagonal of cuboid = a 3 units.

**Let the radius of the base of a cylinder be r units and its height (or length) be
**

h units, then

du

c

3. Cylinder ⎯

.c

o

l2 + b 2 + h 2 units.

(iii) Diagonal of cuboid =

m

(ii) Whole surface of cuboid = 2(lb + bh + lh) sq.units.

(i) Volume of the cylinder = (πr2h) cubic units.

sh

ie

**(ii) Curved surface area of the cylinder = (2πrh) sq. units
**

(iii) Total surface area of the cylinder = (2πrh + 2πr2h) sq.units.

4. Sphere

⎯ Let the radius of a sphere be r units, then ⎯

ak

⎛ 4 3⎞

(i) Volume of the sphere = ⎜ πr ⎟

⎝3

⎠

.s

(ii) Surafce area of the sphere = (4πr2) sq. units.

w

w

⎛ 2 3⎞

(iii) Volume of a hemisphere = ⎜ πr ⎟ cubic units.

⎝3

⎠

w

**(iv) Curved surface area of the hemisphere = (2πr2) square units.
**

(v) Whole surface area of the hemisphere = (2πr2 + πr2)

= (3πr2) square units.

5. Cone

⎯ Let r be the radius of the base, h the height and l the slant height of a cone, then–

(i) Slant height l =

h2 + r 2

www.sakshieducation.com

units = πr r 2 + h 2 The surface area of a cube is 384 cm2.07 m .50 m 3) 7.. 1) 525 cm3 2) 625 cm3 3) 512 cm3 Ans: 3 1) 521 cm3 at io n Sol: 6a2 = 384 ⇒ a2 = 64 . Edge = 4 m .com 4) 7. 2) 89 m2 Ans: 3 3) 100 m2 4) 96 m2 sh ie 1) 86 m2 Sol: Let the edge of the cube be a metres Then 3a = 4 3 or a = 4 ak . ⎝3 ⎠ ( ) sq. = 52 + 42 + 32 m = 50 m = 5 2 m = (5×1..sakshieducation. What is the length of the longest pole that can be placed in a room 5 m long.00 m w 1) 7.s So.05 m www. units m (iii) Curved surface area of the cone = (πrl) sq.sakshieducation. 4 m broad w and 3 m high.05 m Ans: 1 w Sol: Length of longest pole = Length of diagonal..com ⎛1 2 ⎞ (ii) Volume of the cone = ⎜ πr h ⎟ cu. volume = (4×4×4)m2 =96 m2 3. Its volume is? 1. units.41) m = 7. 2) 7.www.. Volume = (8×8×8) cm3 du c = 512 cm3 The diagnal of a cube is 4 3 m.c o PROBLEMS ⇒a=8 . Its volume is? 2.

h = ⎜ 6160 × × ⎟ = 10 m 22 14 × 14 ⎠ ⎝ 7. cm . The volume of a sphere is 38808 cu... cm 2) 1386 sq.s Ans: 2 ak the depth of the tank? w w 7 1 ⎞ ⎛ . cm.sakshieducation. If the radius of its base is 14 m.com 4) 4158 sq. 1) 9 m 3) 12 m 4)16 m 22 × 14×h = 6160 7 w Sol: 2) 10 m .. 9 m broad and 8 m high? 1) 15 m 2) 17 m 3) 16 m 4) 18 m Ans: 2 m Sol: Volume = (12×9×8)m3= 864 m3 (12 ) + (9 ) + (8 ) 2 Diagonal = 2 289 m = 17 m. 1) 27 cm 2) 18 cm 3) 36 cm Ans: 4 = 729cm3 1 = 9 cm sh ie . surface area and the length of diagonal of a cuboid 12 m long..sakshieducation.c o 2 2 Surface area = 2× (12×9 + 9×8 + 12×8) m = 552 m The capacity of a cylindrical tank is 6160 m3. The curved surface area of the sphere is? 1) 5544 sq. 2 . what is 6.com 4. What is the volume. cm Ans: 1 ⎛ 4 3⎞ Sol: Given the volume of the sphere: ⎜ πr ⎟ ⎝3 ⎠ = 38808 www. Edge of new cube = (9 × 9 × 9 )3 4) 9 cm du c 3 3 3 Sol: Volume of new cube = ⎡⎣(6 ) + (8 ) + (1) ⎤⎦ cm3 at io n 5.www. What is the length of the edge of the new cube. = Three cubes of sides 6 cm. 8 cm and 1 cm are melted to form a new cube. cm 3) 8316 sq.

com = 1 4 . Let the heights be h and H Ratio of volumes 1 2 π × (4r ) × h 3 = 1 2 π × (5r ) × H 3 = 16 h 16 h ⇒ 25 H 25 H h : H = 25: 64 www. at io n = 5544 cm2 The length of cylinder is 80 cm and the diameter of its base is 7 cm. .sakshieducation.c o = 2 8.5 ak = 1837 cm2 9. so radius r = 3. = (2πrh + 2πr2h) = 2πr(h + r) ∴ Whole surface sh ie = ⎛⎜ 2 × 22 × 3. It follows that their radii are in the ratio 4:5.s then the ratio of their heights is? 2) 5:4 3) 5:16 4) 25:64 w 1) 1:5 Ans: 4 w Sol: Since the diameters are in the ratio 4:5.sakshieducation.5) ⎞⎟ cm2 7 ⎝ ⎠ = 22×83. If the volumes of two cones are in the ratio 1:4 and their diameters are in the ratio 4:5. The whole surface of the cylinder is? 1) 1837 cm2 2) 1760 cm2 3) 3080 cm2 Ans: 1 du c Sol: Given diameter = 7 cm. w Let them be 4r and 5r.5 × (80 + 3.5 cm 4) 1942 cm2 And h = 80 cm. the curved area of sphere = 4πr m 22 ⎛ ⎞ 2 ⎜ 4 × × 21× 21⎟ cm 7 ⎝ ⎠ .com 7 3⎞ ⎛ ⇒ r3 = ⎜ 38808 × × 22 4 ⎠ ⎝ = (21)3 r = 21 cm So.www.

dimensions 8 cm × 7 cm × 6 cm. then its surface area is? 1) 512 cm2 2) 384 cm2 3) 192 cm2 www.com 4) 768 cm2 .c o ⎛ 1 22 2 ⎞ ⎜ × × r × 24 ⎟ = 1232 ⎝3 7 ⎠ 625 = 25 cm sh ie ∴ Curved surface area = πrl 2 ⎛ 22 ⎞ = ⎜ × 7 × 25 ⎟ cm2 = 550 cm ⎝ 7 ⎠ EXERCISE A wooden box of dimensions 8 m × 7 m × 6 m is to carry rectangular boxes of ak 1.s in 1 wooden box is? 2) 1000000 3) 9800000 4) 7500000 The sum of length. The maximum number of boxes that can be carried .sakshieducation.www. breadth and depth of a cuboid is 19 cm and its diagonal is 5 5 w 2. 1) 361 cm2 2) 125 cm2 3) 236 cm2 4) 486 cm2 If the length of diagonal of a cube is 8 3 cm.sakshieducation.com 10. r = 7 cm. If a right circular cone of vertical height 24 cm has a volume of 1232 cm3. w 1) 1200000 w cm. then the area of its curved surface is? 1) 1254 cm2 Ans: 3 2) 704 cm2 3) 550 cm2 4) 154 cm2 m Sol: Given volume of the cone is 1232 cm3 Now. Its surface area is ? 3. and h = 24 = 7 2 + (24) 2 du c l= at io n 7 3 ⎞ ⎛ r2 = ⎜ 1232 × × ⎟ = 49 22 24 ⎠ ⎝ .

The ratio of their volumes is ? w w 1) 27:20 2) 20:27 3) 4:9 4) 9:4 w 10.3 m The radius of two cylinders are in the ratio of 2:3 and their heights are in the ratio 5:3. The length of longest rod that can be placed in a room 20 m long.c o 5. 4) Equal to its diameter sh ie 3) Equal to its radius du c equal.4 m 3) 4851 cm3 4) 5544 cm3 The radius of a circular cylinder is the same as that of sphere. Their volumes are 8.s 9. 2) 16.2 mm readius that can be drawn after melting a solid copper sphere of diameter 18 cm. If the radius of a sphere is doubled. . Its volume is ? 1) 2772 cm3 7. then its volume is increased by ? 1) 100% 2) 200% 3) 700% 4) 800% 11.2 m 2) Becomes 4 times 3) Becomes 6 times 4) Becomes 8 times The curved surface area of a sphere is 1386 sq.sakshieducation. The area of the base of a right circular cone is 154 cm2 and its height is 14 cm.com 4. 1) Is doubled m If each side of a cube is doubled. The height of the cylinder is ? 4 2 1) 3 times its radius 2) 3 times its radius The length of the wire of 0. 2) 4158 cm3 at io n 6. The curved surface of the cone is ? ( 1) 154 × 5 ) cm2 2) 11 cm2 ( ) 3) 154 + 7 cm2 www. cm.www.com 4) 5324 cm2 . 16 m broad and 12 m high. is? 1) 20 m 3) 48 m 4) 28. then its volume is ? .sakshieducation. is ? 2) 243 m 3) 2430 m 4) 24300 m ak 1) 24.

The material of a cone is converted into the sphere of a cylinder of equal radius.s ak sh ie du c at io n .sakshieducation. 4 6. 4 5. 2 11. If the height of the cylinder is 5 cm. 2 w w w . 2 4.www. 1 8. 2 m ANSWERS www.c o 1. the height of the cone is ? 1) 10 cm 2) 15 cm 3) 18 cm 4) 24 cm 2. 3 3.com .com 10. 3 7. 1 12. 4 9.sakshieducation.

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