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Question Paper - 12
Q.I. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:
Many great inventions are initially greeted with ridicule and disbelief. The invention of the
airplane was no exception. Although many people who heard about the first powered flight on
December 17, 1903 were excited and impressed, others reacted with peals of laughter. The idea of
flying an aircraft was repulsive to some people. Such people called Wilbur and Orville Wright, the
inventors of the first flying machine, impulsive fools. Negative reactions, however, did not stop the
Wrights. Impelled by their desire to succeed, they continued their experiments in aviation.
Orville and Wilbur Wright had always had a compelling interest in aeronautics and mechanics. As
young boys they earned money by making and selling kites and mechanical toys. Later, they
designed a newspaper-folding machine, built a printing press, and operated a bicycle-repair shop.
In 1896, when they read about the death of Otto Lilienthal, the brothers' interest in flight grew into
a compulsion.
Lilienthal, a pioneer in hang-gliding, had controlled his gliders by shifting his body in the desired
direction. This idea was repellent to the Wright brothers, however, and they searched for more
efficient methods to control the balance of airborne vehicles. In 1900 and 1901, the Wrights tested
numerous gliders and developed control techniques. The brothers' inability to obtain enough lift
power for the gliders almost led them to abandon their efforts.
After further study, the Wright brothers concluded that the published tables of air pressure on
curved surfaces must be wrong. They set up a wind tunnel and began a series of experiments with
model wings. Because of their efforts, the old tables were repealed in time and replaced by the first
reliable figures for air pressure on curved surfaces. This work, in turn, made it possible for the
brothers to design a machine that would fly. In 1903 the Wrights built their first airplane, which
cost less than $1,000. They even designed and built their own source of propulsion-a lightweight
gasoline engine. When they started the engine on December 17, the airplane pulsated wildly before
taking off. The plane managed to stay aloft for 12 seconds, however, and it flew 120 feet.
By 1905, the Wrights had perfected the first airplane that could turn, circle, and remain airborne
for half an hour at a time. Others had flown in balloons and hang gliders, but the Wright brothers
were the first to build a full-size machine that could fly under its own power. As the contributors of

II." he thought as he ____(2)____ the doorbell of the first house. time. after) John Amos is a salesman. forward. they politely but firmly told him that they would give him a call if they want to buy a vacuum cleaner later. A middle aged woman with curlers in her hair opened the door. John began to ____(3)____ who he was and the product he was selling. "My first customer. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words: ( knocking. On his first day of work. What is the expression of people when they heard the first flight? 2. did not buy his product. he decided to sell his goods by ____(1)____ on the doors of a private housing of the most outstanding engineering achievements in history. Who is Otto Lilienthal? 3. ____(7)____ rather discouraged. the occupants of the house let him in. he knocked at the door of the ninth household. Who are called as ‘fathers of aviation’? Q. The next minute. John was given a similar ____(6)____ of treatment from the next few houses. They also ____(8)____ interest in his product. shut. the family. pressed. John began to explain the merits of his vacuum cleaner. despite. showed. How Wright brothers are different from others? 5. "Not interested !" John heard her shout behind the closed door. Questions: 1. ____(9)____ the demonstration. Encouraged by this. She refused to open the door ____(5)____ John's persistent knocking. the Wright brothers are accurately called the’ fathers of aviation’. This time. Instead. the door was slammed ____(4)____. he vacuumed the place for them. where. period. Who replaced the old tables? 4. explain. He goes from door to door selling vacuum cleaners. feeling. however. kind. closed. . When the family asked him for a demonstration. what.

Securities traded on a stock exchange include stock issued by listed companies. and capital events including the payment of income and dividends. which gives them advantages of increased speed and reduced cost of transactions. such as electronic communication networks. stock exchanges are part of a global securities market. and other securities. A B Securities stockholder’s share of profit redemption free flow dividends concluding business deal derivatives limited . bonds. Stock exchanges may also provide facilities for issue and redemption of securities and other financial instruments. affect the price of stocks. as modern markets use electronic networks.The family never called him up. but trade is increasingly less linked to such a physical place. it must be listed there. Stock exchanges often function as "continuous auction" markets. Q. as in all free markets. there is a central location at least for record keeping. ____(10)____ they had wanted was the 'free service' given by John. The initial public offering of stocks and bonds to investors is by definition done in the primary market and subsequent trading is done in the secondary market. who had vacuumed their entire living room. Increasingly. In recent years. with buyers and sellers consummating transactions at a central location. There is usually no obligation for stock to be issued via the stock exchange itself. pooled investment products and bonds. Read the given passage and match the words given in column A with those in column B A stock exchange or bourse is an exchange where stock brokers and traders can buy and/or sell stocks (also called shares). Supply and demand in stock markets are driven by various factors that. nor must stock be subsequently traded on the exchange. such as the floor of the exchange. To be able to trade a security on a certain stock exchange. various other trading venues. John suspected that they had not been really interested in his product. A stock exchange is often the most important component of a stock market. Trade on an exchange is restricted to brokers who are members of the exchange. This is the usual way that derivatives and bonds are traded. III. unit trusts. Such trading may be off exchange or over-the-counter. Usually. alternative trading systems and "dark pools" have taken much of the trading activity away from traditional stock exchanges. derivatives.

Get yourself some nice. thick resume paper or cardstock and fold it in half. so in 1921 they created a "holiday" called Sweetest Day. however. if you're not good at drawing. we celebrate two love themed holidays: Valentine's Day and Sweetest Day. wanted to sell more candy. but who cares? In America. Some people think that some holidays celebrating love are nothing but clever ploys by marketers to get consumers to buy candy. relatives. Anyway.consummating demanding transactions following restricted tradable documents public offering opening a business deal subsequent compulsion obligation openly purchasable shares adding of financial obligations dealings tradable financial products investments removal of financial obligation Q. Valentine's Day is celebrated in the winter. Both occasions. when people buy candy. Valentine's Day is more focused on bringing lovers together. write a poem or heartfelt statement on the inside to your beloved and you're done. There are many thoughtful ways to express your love for another person without spending money: you could write a song or cook a meal. a collection of over seventy major candy manufacturers. flowers. 3. They've since spent millions of dollars trying to convince consumers that this holiday exists and that consumers should celebrate this very real . Lastly. while Sweetest Day is for all of the friends. IV. Now isn't that a much better way to express your love than a rose from the gas station? 2. For example the National Confectioners Association. and associates whose kindness we've enjoyed. they wanted to make more money. you can clip out pictures. Apparently. while Sweetest Day is celebrated in the fall. be careful not to let them bleed through the paper and ruin the other side. 1. Money moves most things in our world. and stuffed animals. they make money. If you decide to use markers. but perhaps the best way to express yourself is to create a card. Draw some imagery of love on the front of the card. Read the following passage and match Column A with Column B. are great times to remember what's most important: the people about whom we care. Creating a card is easy if you have the proper materials.

" That reminds me: have you ever heard of Give Me a Dollar Day? 4. an estimated 15 million e-valentines were sent. the first Valentine's cards were mass produced. D: He used to give the cat a piece of meat from his own plate. the Valentine's Day card continues to evolve. in the 1840s. 1. Card dealer Hallmark has also heavily promoted this specter of commercial interest. Every Valentine's Day millions of school children slip each other cards: some sloppily assembled for classmates and friends. prompting the notion that Sweetest Day is a "Hallmark Holiday. The earliest Valentine's Day card dates back to the 1400s. Paragraph 1 - comparing and contrasting of the days Paragraph 2 - cause for the creation Paragraph 3 - describing a process Paragraph 4 - How to make a card - problem and solution - the evolution of the card - the events occur in chronological order - the practical difficulties Q. B: One plate was for himself and other was for his cat. Then. When postage rates dropped in the early 1800s.and meaningful occasion by purchasing candy. Rearrange sentences ABCD in the logical order and pick the right answer from the given options. sentences S1 and S6 are in the correct position. V.CDBA 3. mailing them grew in popularity.BDAC . the cat rushed in to the room. S1: A gentleman who lived alone always had two plates placed on the table at dinner time. Today. But some things never change. DCBA 2. In 2010. C: she drooped a mouse into her own plate and another into her master plate. S6: In this way the cat showed her gratitude to her master. others more heartfelt and carefully composed. BACD 4. but most students have no idea how far back this practice dates. A: One day just as he sat down to dine.