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EBT 405 NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

What is a Leak?
 A leak is a flow of material, either out of an orifice, or

through a material (permeation). It is an admission or
release of a material.
 A crack in a brazed joint, a cut O-ring or a thin walled

area of a molded container all result in leaks.

they simply quantify the rate at which a part leaks. There are many methods used to measure the amount of released material. Most leak detection methods do NOT locate the leak in a part.What is Leak Testing?  In general. etc. Other methods are used to locate leaks on a part. equipment component limitations. . leak testing is the measurement of the amount of     media leaking through material over time. and various media are used as the tracing agents (depending on the measurement method used). Examples of these characteristics are economics. production rate. tolerance to environmental conditions. Each method carries with it different characteristics that make one method more favorable than another for a specific application. accuracy. leak rate specification.

How do we measure leaks?  Leak measurement is available in two types:   Effect of the Leak Methods Amount of the Leak Methods .

 Imagine the water level of the swimming pool (height). and more repeatable. we will use a swimming pool example. The measurement would be more accurate. the Effect of the Leak method would attempt to measure the change in the level (height) of the swimming pool due to the removal of the water. In the case of the swimming pool example.What is the difference between Effect of the Leak and Amount of the Leak?  To demonstrate the difference between Effect of the Leak and Amount of the Leak testing methods.  Amount of the Leak method would attempt to measure the volume of the water removed. . it would make sense to use the Amount of the Leak method because the volume of the water removed is much easier to measure.

Effect of Leak Methods  Pressure Decay Method  This method involves measuring the drop in pressure inside the part over time as a result of escaping material.  The test typically consists of the following steps:  Charging the part to test pressure  Allowing the pressure to stabilize  Measuring the drop in pressure during test .

Idle .

Filling .

Stabilizing .

Testing .

End of Test .

.Effect of Leak Methods  Pressure Differential Method  This method also involves measuring the drop in pressure inside the part over time as a result of escaping material. we measure the change in pressure inside the part compared to the pressure inside a control volume charged to the same pressure as the part.  The main difference is that in case of a Pressure Differential test.  This allows us to use differential pressure transducers that can detect very small pressure changes more accurately.

Effect of Leak Methods The test typically consists of the following steps:  Charging the part and the control volume to test pressure  Isolating the control volume from the part  Allowing the system to stabilize  Measuring the change in pressure difference during test .

Idle .

Filling .

End of Fill .

Stabilizing .

Testing .

End of Test .

) for leaks. the temperature dependence is lower.  This method is especially suitable for testing particular areas of interest of parts (e. The rise in pressure is only measured in the vacuum (or low pressure) area.  Since the pressure used outside the part is usually lower than atmospheric pressure. valve seats of assembled valves. .g. etc. covers.Effect of Leak Methods Pressure Increase Method  This method involves measuring the pressure increase in a low-pressure area surrounding the part caused by escaping test media. therefore parts with temperatures other than ambient can be tested this way.

Pressure increase method  The test typically consists of the following steps  Establishing the desired pressure around the part  Charging the part to test pressure  Allowing the system to stabilize  Measuring the change in pressure outside the part .

Idle .

Filling start .

Testing .

Testing .

End of test .

Leak Test Application  Automotive Leak Testing  Medical Device Leak and Flow Testing  Pharmaceutical Closure Integrity  Package Leak Testing  Oil & Gas Leak Detection  Aerospace Leak Detection  Industrial / Appliance / Hardware Leak Detection .