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# Introduction to Computer Programming(CSE1001

)

Lab Test (Set- E)
Problem Statement: To test if two straight lines are co-linear, parallel or intersecting. If they
are intersecting lines then we need to find their intersection point, and if lines are co-linear then
find the length of overlapping portion.

Description:
The general equation of a line is usually written as y=mx + b where m is the slope of the line and
b is the intercept. Slope is how much the vertical (y) coordinate changes for each unit of change
in the horizontal direction (x). Intercept is where the line crosses the y-axis, i.e. the value of y
when x=0.
If we know two points on a line (x1,y1) and (x2,y2), we can determine m and b as follows. From
its definition, change in y divided by change in x =
m = (y2-y1)/(x2-x1).
And since b=y-mx for any point on the line, we can compute
b1=y1-mx1 and b2=y2-mx2
With two line segments, we can derive an equation for each, say
y=m1x+b1 and y=m2x+b2.
The x and y values at the intersection point must satisfy both, so
y = m1x+b1=m2x+b2.
solving for x, we get m1x+b1=m2x+b2
=> (m1-m2)x=b2-b1
=> x=(b2-b1)/(m1-m2).
Putting x in y=m1x+b1 we can get
y=m1*((b2-b1)/(m1-m2)) + b1
Notice that when m1 equals m2, the lines are parallel and they will never intersect. (unless b1
also equals b2 in which case the lines are co-linear).

.   Sample Runs: Run1: Input 2 points on line1 (x1.y2) and two points on line2 (u1.int x2.v1) and (u2.y) using the above method described.v2) [2 points] Find slopes m1 and m2 using a method findSlope().int y1.}  [4 points] check if lines are co-linear ◦ check if lines are overlapping ▪ find co-ordinates of two end points of the overlapping portion ▪ find length of the overlapping portion using method findLength() public static double findLength(int x1.int x2.} [2 points] check if lines are parallel [4 points] otherwise lines are intersecting. Header of the method can be public static double findSlope(int x1. Header of the method can be public static double findB(int x1.y1). ◦ find intersecting point (x..double m){.int y1.(x2..}  [2 points] Find b1 and b2 using a method findB()..co-linear lines intersecting lines parallel lines Algorithm Development: In this assignment you need to do the following things:   [1 points] Input two points on line1 (x1.int y1.int y2){..y2) 4 2 2 0 .y1) and (x2..int y2){.

(x2.v2) 1 2 2 3 Lines are parallel [In this assignment you need to modify and complete the IntersectingLines.y2) 1 1 2 2 Input 2 points on line2 (u1.(x2.y2) 0 0 1 1 Input 2 points on line2 (u1.v1).y1).v1).v2) 0 4 4 0 Lines are intersecting and intersection point is (3.v1).y1).v2) 2 2 3 3 Lines are co-linear and length of overlapping portion is 0.Input 2 points on line2 (u1.(u2.0 Run3: Input 2 points on line1 (x1.1) Run2: Input 2 points on line1 (x1.(u2.] .(u2.java file provided to you.