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States and union territories of India
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Indian States and Union territories
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Federated state


Republic of India


29 States

7 Union territories
Populations States: 607,688 Sikkim – 199,581,477 Uttar Pradesh
Union Territories: 64,429 Lakshadweep – 11,007,835 National Capital Territory
Areas States: 3,700 km2 (1,429 sq mi) Goa – 342,269 km2 (132,151 sq mi)
Union territories: 31 km2 (12 sq mi) Lakshadweep – 8,070 km2 (3,117 sq mi)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands

State government, Union Government (Union territories)


District, Divisions

India is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union
territories. The states and union territories are further subdivided into
districts and further into smaller administrative divisions.
States and union
territories of India
ordered by
Flag of India.svg

3 States reorganization (1951-56) 2.2 Union territories 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References .Area Population Abbreviations Capitals Child Nutrition Crime rate Economic Freedom Electricity penetration Fertility rate Forest cover GDP (per capita) Highest point HIV awareness HDI Home ownership Household size Human Trafficking Institutional delivery Life expectancy at birth Literacy rate Media exposure Number of Vehicles Number of voters Open defecation Origin of name Places of worship Poverty Power capacity Riots rate Safe Drinking Water Safety of Women School Enrollment Rate Sex ratio Suicides Tax revenues TV ownership Toilet availability Transport network Underweight people Unemployment Vaccination coverage vte Contents 1 Responsibilities and authorities 2 History 2.1 States 3.4 Post-1956 2.5 Current proposals 3 List 3.2 1947-50 2.1 Pre-independence 2.

Himachal Pradesh. including Mysore. The nine Part A states were Assam.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] During the British Raj. which were the former governors' provinces of British India. others were organised into new provinces. which came into force on 26 January 1950. such as Rajputana. Bhopal. made India a sovereign democratic republic. Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central . Bihar. and Bilaspur. each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. made up of multiple princely states. were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. Hyderabad. a few. 1947-50 Between 1947 and 1950.7 External links Responsibilities and authorities The Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The new Constitution of India. The new republic was also declared to be a "Union of States".[12] The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states. Madhya Bharat. became separate provinces. and Vindhya Pradesh. and India was divided into provinces (also called Presidencies) that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire. Most were merged into existing provinces. Bombay. the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. the original administrative structure was mostly kept.[1] History Administrative division of India in 1951 Pre-independence The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history. which held de facto sovereignty (suzerainty) over the princely states.

Karaikal. Rajasthan. and an elected legislature. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State. Madras. . Yanam and Mahé. Coorg.[14] The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. Tripura. Punjab (formerly East Punjab). and Travancore-Cochin. Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to from Travancore-Cochin. Bhopal.[13] Andhra State was created on October 1. Himachal Pradesh. Jammu and Kashmir. Mysore. North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State. The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India. the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar. Madhya Bharat. Cutch. the districts of Belgaum. which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government. Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg. The Part B states were Hyderabad. who was usually the ruler of a constituent state. Delhi. Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces). Bijapur. Orissa. The Part C states were Ajmer. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states. Bilaspur.Provinces and Berar). Manipur. Saurashtra. States reorganization (1951-56) The Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry.[15] As a result of this act. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State. and each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. governed by a rajpramukh. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states. and West Bengal. and Vindhya Pradesh.

Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union respectively and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. [22] In 1987. Uttaranchal from northwest Uttar Pradesh (renamed Uttarakhand in 2007) and Jharkhand from southern districts of Bihar. Chhattisgarh from eastern Madhya Pradesh. three new states were created namely.[23] In November 2000. the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State.[17] The Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. followed by Goa on 30 May.[16] Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963.[28][29] Current proposals Main article: List of proposed states and territories of India List See also: List of state and union territory capitals in India States .[19][20] Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. Post-1956 Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories. Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished.[24][25] [26][27] Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. North-eastern states of Manipur. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh. On 16 May 1975. Meghalaya and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State.[18] The act also designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana. Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February.[21] Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973.

702 Konkani Marathi Gujarat IN-GJ GJ Gandhinagar 60.State ISO 3166-2:IN code Capital (km2) Vehicle Largest city Statehood Population[30] Area Official languages[31] Additional official languages[31] Andhra Pradesh October 1953 IN-AP AP HyderabadNote 1 Visakhapatnam 49.673 Hindi English Jammu and Kashmir Jammu (Winter) Urdu — IN-JK JK Srinagar 25 January 1971 6.302 222.099.439. Mundari. Odia.545.799 160.205 Telugu — Arunachal Pradesh IN-AR AR 83. Nagpuri.692 196.095.194 Goa IN-GA GA 1. Santhali.452 Naya Raipur Raipur Hindi — Panaji Vasco da Gama 3.351.576 78.024 Gujarati 1 99.988. Kharia.727 Assam IN-AS AS Dispur Guwahati 31. Kurmali.383.791 Kannada — 1 November 1956 61.677 Hindi Bengali.506. Urdu[34] Karnataka IN-KA KA Bengaluru 191. Ho.602 Srinagar (Summer) 26 January 1950 12.200 1 November 2000 30 May 1987 Ahmedabad 1 May 1960 — Haryana IN-HR HR Chandigarh Faridabad 1 November 1966 25.134 74.541.236 Jharkhand IN-JH JH Ranchi Jamshedpur 15 November 2000 32.212 Hindi Punjabi[32][33] Himachal Pradesh IN-HP HP Shimla 55.864.205. Kurukh.743 English Itanagar — 20 February 1987 1. Khortha.458.545 26 January 1950 104.462 44. Panchpargania.198 135.550 Assamese — Bihar IN-BR BR Patna 26 January 1950 Hindi Urdu Chhattisgarh IN-CT CG 25.297 .

720 English Khasi[a] 2. Lepcha.548.374. English — 3.577 7.347 Manipuri Indore Mumbai Imphal English Kochi 1 November 1956 1 November 1956 1 May 1960 112.206 21.812.820 Odia — 26 January 1950 Punjab IN-PB PB Chandigarh Ludhiana 27.492 Bengali.483 DehradunNote 2 9 November 2000 Hindi Sanskrit[37] .840[35] Telugu.338 50. Rai. Tamang Tamil Nadu IN-TN TN Chennai 130.809 308.863 Malayalam — Madhya Pradesh IN-MP MP 72.096 English Bhutia.437 342. Limboo.030 2 June 2014 35.673.269 Sikkim IN-SK SK Gangtok 16 May 1975 610. Kokborok.292 53.Kerala IN-KL KL Thiruvananthapuram 33.966.086. Newari.252 Bhopal Hindi — Maharashtra 307. Manger. English.794 2.713 MH — IN-MH Marathi Manipur IN-MN MN 22.502 16.579 English — Odisha IN-OR OD Bhubaneswar 155.341 243. Urdu[36] — 72.333 21 January 1972 Meghalaya IN-ML ML Shillong 21 January 1972 22.097.889 Mizoram IN-MZ MZ Aizawl 20 February 1987 1.081 Mizo. Mukhia.061 38.978. Sherpa.362 Punjabi — Rajasthan IN-RJ RJ Hindi English 1 December 1963 41.147.058 Tamil English 26 January 1950 Telangana IN-TG TS HyderabadNote 1 114.286 Hindi Urdu 26 January 1950 Uttarakhand IN-UT UK 10.978[35] Tripura IN-TR TR Agartala 21 January 1972 10.218 1 November 1966 Jaipur 1 November 1956 68.626.974.406.193.917 Uttar Pradesh IN-UP UP Lucknow Kanpur 199.855. Gurung.743. Hindi — Nagaland IN-NL NL Kohima Dimapur 1.

Lakshadweep Hindi IN-LD LD Kavaratti 64. Santhali. Union territories Union territory ISO 3166-2:IN Largest city Population[30] (km2) Vehicle code Area Capital Official languages[31] Additional official languages[31] Andaman and Nicobar Islands Hindi.473 Puducherry IN-PY PY Pondicherry 1. English .[41] ^Note 2 Dehradun is the interim capital of Uttarakhand.450 Dadra and Nagar Haveli Gujarati Marathi IN-DN DN Silvassa 380.[38][39][40] Hyderabad.752 Odia.249 32 Konkani.247 English 491 Hindi. English[d] Daman — Delhi IN-DL DL Urdu[42] New Delhi —[e] 16. Daman and Diu IN-DD DD Gujarati. Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. is to serve as joint capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years.490 Hindi Punjabi.581 114 343.709 243. Telugu See also 492 112 8. The town of Gairsain is envisaged as the state's new capital.115 88.787. English Tamil.West Bengal IN-WB 91. Punjabi WB Kolkata 26 January 1950 Bengali. English — IN-AN AN Port Blair Chandigarh IN-CH CH — Chandigarh —[c] 1. located entirely within the borders of Telangana. Nepali[b] Hindi.953 Malayalam.276. Hindi. ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states.247.941 1. Urdu.055.

Bengali and Nepali are the Official Languages in Darjeeling and Kurseong subdivisions of Darjeeling district.Autonomous regions of India Emblems of Indian States ISO 3166-2:IN List of adjectives and demonyms for states and territories of India List of states and union territories of India by population List of states in India by past population List of states of India by wildlife population List of Indian state and union territory name etymologies Subdivisions of India List of princely states of British India (alphabetical) Notes Khasi language has been declared as the Additional Official Language for all purposes in the District. provides that the executive power of the Union . Sub-Division and Block level offices of the State Government located in the Districts of Khasi-Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya. It has also been informed that the communication with States/Centre has to be made in Hindi/English. Delhi is both a city and a union territory. Chandigarh is both a city and a union territory. References "Article 73 broadly stated.

The New Cambridge History of pp. "Article 1". G. 89–90. "India . The Supreme Court has reiterated this position when it ruled in the Ramanaiah case that the executive power of the Union or of the State broadly speaking.C. Gupta Dynasty . Article 162 similarly provides that the executive power of a State shall extend to the matters with respect to which the Legislature of a State has power to make laws. 202. 239." Territoriality of executive powers of states in India. Cambridge University Press. Present. Medieval India: From Sultanate To The Mughals. c. J.about. Chandra. A History of India: Volume 1. Romila Thapar. is coextensive and coterminous with its respective legislative power. 2 November 2009. Indian History. Aggarwal. and Future. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. 1998 Krishna Reddy (2003). Retrieved 31 December 2015.Historical Setting . Historymedren. Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. Constitutional Law. ISBN 81-208-0436-8. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1977). Retrieved 31 December 2015. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill. S. Agrawal (1995). p. The Sikhs of the Punjab.The Classical Age . GOI. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 15 October 2013.Gupta and Harsha". ISBN 0-19-560686-8. 1700–1850". A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. New Delhi: Indian Branch. "Regional states. Grewal. Balwant Singh Malik. The Sikh empire (1799–1849). Inc. Economic Weekly. "Reorganisation of states" (PDF).shall extend to the matters with respect to which Parliament has power to make laws. K. Constitution of India. "Chapter 6: The Sikh empire (1799–1849)". Oxford University Press. (1990). Bongard-Levin. ISBN 0-07048369-8. Constitution of India. New DElhi: Concept Publishing.A. Nilakanta Sastri.MSN Encarta. "Map of Madras Presidency in 1909". Satish. "Article 1". p. S. (2002) [1955]. Law Ministry.P. Retrieved 16 May 2010. Ancient India. . A History of India: Part 1. J. Uttarakhand: Past.

Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities. Ministry of law and "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (pdf). "Snapshot of North Eastern States" (PDF). The Times of India. 9 November Ministry of Minority Affairs. "Uttaranchal is Uttarakhand. "Official Website of Government of Jharkhand". Retrieved 17 June 2013. Travel India guide. 2014" (PDF). "About Us: Uttarakhand Government Portal. Retrieved 17 February 2016. Chopra. Retrieved 17 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.History". Jharkhand. "About Sikkim". thaibicindia. Times of goaonline. Retrieved 22 January 2013. india. http://ierj. Government of . "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act. "The Punjab Reorganisation Act 1966" (PDF). Retrieved 17 June Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011". 28 January 2010. 28 January 2010. "Chhattisgarh state . Retrieved 17 June 2013. Government of India. Retrieved 15 June 2009. "Goa Chronology". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 14 January 2015. BJP cries foul"."Nagaland History & Geography-Source". "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". "Telangana bill passed by upper house". Official website of the Government of Sikkim. Retrieved 17 June 2013. "Punjabi gets second language status in Haryana". Uk. "List of states with Population. "Himachal Pradesh Tenth Five Year Plan" (PDF).in. Retrieved 17 February 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2014. Jasi Kiran (2 January 2007). Retrieved 17 June 2013. Zee India". "State map of India". Retrieved 3 March 2014.

NDTV. 2014 Subsection" (PDF). Telangana government portal. 4 March 2014. 2 June 2014. 1 March 2014. "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act. External links Maps of the Historical Territorial Evolution of the States of India Official Government of India website: States and Union Territories [show] vte States and union territories of India [show] . Retrieved 23 April 2014. "Urdu Gets First Language Status". 34. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 2 July 2003. "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act. 2014" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice. "Official Language Act 2000" (PDF). p. The Times Of India. Government of Delhi. "Sanskrit: reviving the language in today’s India . Government of India. Sanchari Bhattacharya (1 June 2014). Retrieved 17 July 2015. "Bifurcated into Telangana State and residual Andhra Pradesh State".Livemint". Retrieved 23 April 2014. "Andhra Pradesh Minus Telangana: 10 Facts"."Telangana State Profile" (PDF).

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