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How to Interpret Your Opponent’s Poker Stats

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28 January 2010 By Daniel Skolovy

Your average HUD.
One of the most effective ways to increase your online poker profits is to
use and understand poker tracking software.
In addition to keeping accurate details about your wins and losses, programs like
Poker Tracker and Hold’em Manager will track every move your opponents make.
using the heads-up display (HUD) you can convert that information into easy-tounderstand stats and display them beside your opponents' names in real time, right
on the table.
The information on the HUD tells you precise details about your opponents' playing
tendencies, and understanding these stats can make a huge difference in your win
rate.
Stats are something that all winning players use to a degree, but very few use to
their full potential. Learn to master this powerful tool and you'll reap big benefits.
A quick run down of the most popular stats:

Preflop Stats
VPIP%
This is the average total % of times your opponent puts money into the pot
voluntarily. That could mean raising preflop, cold calling, completing the big blind,
etc.
The higher a player’s VPIP, the looser the player. The lower the VPIP, the tighter the
player.
For six-max no-limit hold’em most regulars fall between 19-25% VPIP. Any tighter
or looser, though possibly profitable, is by no means optimal.
See the side picture for a PokerStove of 19% VPIP to get an idea of what hands
that player would play.
If you're not familiar with PokerStove get the details here.

You can adjust from there. It’s how often your opponent raises before the flop. AKs-AQS. few take the time to think how they are all related. and AQo and would have no light three-bets in its range. 19% PFR 3b% This is how often your opponent re-raises before the flop. You must understand how to use them to draw real and useful conclusions about your opponents' games. I. The bigger the gap between VPIP and PFR the more often a player cold calls.PFR% This is the Pre-Flop Raise stat and it’s pretty self explanatory.E if they play 20 VPIP their PFR is usually between 14%-19%. Most players' PFR fall within 4-6% of their VPIP. These are the most popular pre-flop stats. It’s not just about knowing what the stats mean. Someone with a low fold-to-three-bet stat you can three-bet wider for value. For example a player with a very close VPIP and PFR is also normally going to have a higher three-bet% because he is cold-calling less often. F3 This is how often your opponent folds to three-bets. Obviously someone with a high fold-to-three-bet stat is a player you can three-bet light relentlessly. As an example a 3% three-bettor would be AA-TT. For example a player with a 35% VPIP and a 10% PFR has a 25% cold-calling range and is most likely a fish. Postflop Stats . Conversely a player with a wide gap between his VPIP and PFR is going to have a very wide cold-calling range and thus will have many weak hands in that range. While most players understand what each stat means. This stat is extremely helpful when deciding which hands to three-bet and which to call with before the flop.

he probably also calls way too often with weak hands on the river. If a player with a 0.5 AG is playing back at you. A good way to tell is use WTSD in conjunction with AG. If your opponent is passive and doesn’t go to showdown often. WTSD% This is how often your opponent goes to showdown after seeing the flop. On the other hand if someone with a 6 AG is playing back at you. Seeing a number and knowing how often a player goes to showdown is helpful but seeing a number and figuring out why he goes to showdown as often as he does is invaluable. however. Most players fall between 1-3. If his aggression is low he may not be betting with the lead often enough and intuitively lets his opponents showdown much more than they should. It tells you how aggressive he plays.AG This is your opponent’s aggression factor. Anything less is very passive and anything more is very aggressive. .88% of the time. CB How often your opponent continuation bets on the flop as the pre-flop raiser. your top pair is starting to look pretty good. you have to examine WTSD and his aggression stat to get an idea of how he plays. then he's weak tight. Again. If your opponent is aggressive and has a low WTSD. Most players continuation-bet on the flop between 55% . he's probably not bluffing and you would need a very good hand to continue. he’s making people fold before showdown very often. AE Jones checking his iPhone for Hud stats at the PCA. If. Most players fall between 20 and 32%. he's showdown happy. Having a low WTSD can mean two things: He either folds very often before showdown or he makes his opponents fold very often before showdown. If your opponent shows down 35% or more. he is aggressive yet still has a high WTSD.

A player that has a large VPIP and a small FC is going to be seeing a lot of flops and a lot of turns. As a player’s PFR gets higher. call him down lighter. FC How often your opponent folds to flop continuation bets. If his CB stat remains high then he is going to be c-betting air very often and therefore is exploitable. These guys fire one barrel at the flop and give up when called. The stronger the hand pre-flop the more often he’ll make strong hands worth betting on the flop. the more “fit or fold” he plays. If your opponent has a high flop c-bet and a low turn c-bet then you’ve identified your opponent as a one-and-done player. If your opponent is a one-and-done player then floating becomes your best friend. Stats paint a picture of how your opponent plays. Obviously it should be used in conjunction with the CB stat. . The lower the player’s PFR%. The lower the number. in turn. 2B This is how often your opponent second barrels as the pre-flop raiser when his flop c-bet is called. The higher a player’s FC. Used in conjunction with the VPIP stat you can really get a feel for a player’s overall game.CB% should be looked at in conjunction with the PFR stat. the more often he calls the flop with marginal hands. the higher the player’s CB%. That’s because the fewer hands the player is raising pre-flop the stronger the hands. he's a fish you can play as such. he is going to miss the flop more often because he’s raising so many more marginal hands before the flop. And. If your opponent has both high flop c-bet and turn c-bet stats then he is just going to be barreling his air very often and you should. chances are.

Sample Size The thing about stats is that they can be extremely misleading without an accurate sample size. if he's a regular and has a low FC. If that is high. not a crutch. You can instantly tell these types of players if they have a low FC stat and a high F2 stat. Too many players rely only on stats in a game. the bigger the sample size the better. You can have three different players all with stats that are very similar. you're making a big mistake. They’ll paint everyone with similar stats with a broad. It’s up to you to figure out how he plays against you and you can only do that by paying attention and taking notes. While 100 hands might be more than enough to draw conclusions from the VPIP and PFR stats. Some fish love to call pre-flop and love to call the flop but won’t continue past the turn without a decent hand. sweeping brush when in actuality everyone plays differently. or three-bet stats. Hold off from drawing advanced conclusions about how someone plays until you have logged enough hands. Relying too heavily on stats leaves you playing an ABC. then you’ve found an opponent who loves to float. one might break even and one might beat it for 1BB/100. robotic game and will stunt your growth as a poker player. As with everything in poker.only to find in real life they play in a completely different manner. Stats only give you an average of how your opponent plays against all different types of opponents. However one player might crush the game for 4BB/100. One of the biggest mistakes you can make is treating a player’s stats as gospel when you have a small sample size . you can use the pop-up stat and look at his bet-when-checked-to stat. Stats are just one tool in a successful player’s box. it’s not nearly enough to understand WTSD. Hold’em is a variance packed game and in the short term stats can vary considerably. . A Tool Not a Crutch Stats are a tool. barreling frequencies. If you treat all of those players the exact same.Or. F2 How often your opponent folds to a second barrel. What “enough hands” means varies from stat to stat. They need to be used in conjunction with observation and non stats-based reads. Obviously you should punish these types of players by firing second barrels more often.

When you're able to look past the basic information contained in a stat and start to draw real conclusions about your opponent’s play. you'll start to get past your inner ABC poker robot and you will start to play better poker.      More Articles from Daniel Skolovy: When to Call the Flop with Less Than Top Pair Firing the second barrel The C-bet for Beginners When not to continuation bet Fixing your redline: Making better c-bets .while observing and taking non-stat notes on your opponents you're going to be a force to be reckoned with. If you can do that . looking at his stats as a whole and how each relates to the others.