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Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc.
Council of Student Chapters (IIEE-CSC)
10th MEGA SEMINAR
February 7, 2007 10:30am-12:00nn, University of Sto. Tomas

BUILDING WIRING
ESTIMATING AND COSTING
by
FLORIGO C. VARONA, PEE
FCVARONA CONSULTANCY SERVICES
VALUE-ZEN MECHANELEC CONSTRUCTION, INC.

About

The Speaker

WALTERMART. KINGS COURT.FLORIGO C. & others. . A Management and Technical Consultant • Conducting Technical Audit as well as providing Management and Technical advice and solution to clients like • PRUDENTIAL LIFE. VARONA Professional Electrical Engineer VALUE-ZEN MECHANELEC CONSTRUCTION. ASIA FUSION EQUIPMENT. INC. CLEAN LIVING.

VARONA Professional Electrical Engineer VALUE-ZEN MECHANELEC CONSTRUCTION. A Management and Technical Lecturer of • Project Management Series at IIEE. UP-NEC.FLORIGO C. INC. • Senior Course on Building Construction Management sponsored by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for project managers in Asia-Pacific region in six (6) consecutive years. . and other companies in the construction industries. SPECS. CMDF.

maintenance.FLORIGO C. A member of TESDA-SPECS Panel of Expert who prepared the Occupational Skills Standard as well as the Competency Assessment Instrument for the Electrical Construction Sector. and training. VARONA Professional Electrical Engineer VALUE-ZEN MECHANELEC CONSTRUCTION. A Professional Electrical Engineer since 1985 backed up by 30-years combined work experience in design. construction. INC. .

IIEE-CSC 10th MEGA SEMINAR BUILDING WIRING ESTIMATING AND COSTING .

• Become aware of the factors affecting accurate estimate.The objective of BW ESTIMATING AND COSTING After the technical session the participants should be able to: • Know the purpose and importance of estimating & costing. • Identify several types of estimates and their application. • Determine the estimating phases in a project cycle. . • Understand the steps in preparing cost estimate.

0 Importance of Detailed Costing 4.0 Types of Estimates and Their Costing .0 Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle 5.0 Steps in Preparing Cost Estimate 6.0 Purpose of Estimating & Costing 3.Course Outline 1.0 Introduction 2.

Introduction .

COST ESTIMATES A forecast of future project cost prepared to ensure success of project undertaking .particularly financial success. .

COST ESTIMATES
A basis for approving an
economical and reasonable budget
needed to complete the project
on time with required quality.
[Proponents and Owners]

COST ESTIMATES
A basis for endorsing a realistic and
reasonable budget acceptable to the
owner without sacrificing public safety
in compliance with codes & regulations
[Designers]

COST ESTIMATES
A basis for declaring BID PRICE
that is acceptable to the client with
reasonable profit.
[Contractors]

[Project Engineers] .COST ESTIMATES A basis for requesting BUDGET necessary to perform construction activities in conformance with quality and delivery requirement.

Purpose of Estimating and Costing .

There are several purposes in estimating and costing --depending on point of view of-Proponents/Owners Designers Contractors Project Engineers .

Proponents’/Owners’ Point of View To establish a reliable and dependable Cost Estimate that will serve as a basis for awarding the project to qualified contractor. .

.For proponents and owners with reliable and accurate estimate. Bid Price is gauge how close it is to reality of completing the project on time without sacrificing quality.

.The objective of estimating is to declare the right budget for the project to be completed on time without sacrificing quality. A budget acceptable to contractors that is economical and reasonable.

Contractors’ Point of View To establish a realistic and accurate Price with greater chance of winning the bid and gaining reasonable profit. .

On the other hand.Winning the project without gaining profit is a losing proposition. ensuring greater profit without winning the project is a futile exercise. .

The objective of estimating is to declare the right price for each work item. . A price acceptable to the client with reasonable profit.

Designers’ Point of View To establish alternative budget options that is realistic and acceptable to owners without sacrificing Public Safety. .

. Owner’s Budget is gauge how close it is to reality of ensuring Public Safety and complying Codes and Regulations.For designers with realistic and reasonable estimate.

A budget acceptable to owners that is realistic and reasonable. .The objective of estimating is to endorse the right budget for the project without sacrificing public safety and code compliance.

.Project Engineer’s Point of View To establish alternative budget options that is realistic and reasonable to company without sacrificing Quality and Delivery.

Company’s Budget is gauge how close it is to reality of ensuring the project will be completed on time without sacrificing quality.For engineers with realistic and accurate estimate. .

. A budget acceptable to the company that is realistic and reasonable.The objective of estimating is to endorse the right budget for the project to be completed on time with the required quality.

Importance of Detailed Costing .

knowing the budgetary requirement is a must.Importance of Detailed Costing DURING DESIGN & PLANNING STAGE Preliminary Cost Advice and Budgetary For owners. It is necessary for making a -GO or NO GO decision. .

the owner is able to study not only the quality behind… But also the cost implication for such option.Importance of Detailed Costing DURING DESIGN & PLANNING STAGE Studying Possible Design Option With costing in design options. .

. Budget approval would be easier --eventually.Importance of Detailed Costing DURING DESIGN & PLANNING STAGE Cost Planning The management can plan for cost appropriation. if cost of work is clear.

Importance of Detailed Costing PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Pricing For contractors. cost estimating is necessary in coming up with the most reasonable price with… greater chance of winning the bid and gaining good profit. .

Cost Performance Evaluation can be done quickly to assess savings or cost over run. monitoring and control is easier to implement.Importance of Detailed Costing DURING CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Project Cost Control With cost details. .

billing would be unreliable. .Importance of Detailed Costing DURING CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Billing and Collection Without Cost Estimates. Worst. it might become unrealistic that the client will seek further justification.

Time scaled costing serves as a basis for Progress Evaluation.Importance of Detailed Costing DURING CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Evaluating Work Progress In detailed costing. work items are declared with clear and definite costing per time interval. .

Importance of Detailed Costing DURING CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Variation Claims Change Orders and Extra Works have to be quantified and given costing prior to execution. Approved Detailed Costing is necessary before working. .

final costing is done to reflect profit. The final cost becomes part of cost information needed as reference of future project.Importance of Detailed Costing POST CONSTRUCTION STAGE Basis for Performance Analysis of the Project After completing the project. .

Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle .

Most appropriate during Conceptualization Stage. .Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle BUDGETARY ESTIMATE An owner’s quick estimate of Total Project Cost It serves as a basis for sizing up whether financial standing is sufficient or not.

Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle PROGRAMMING ESTIMATE An estimate of major work item in percent weight It serves as a basis for cost allocation of major work items. Most appropriate during Project Definition Stage. .

.Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle SCHEMATIC ESTIMATE A designer’s estimate of major work items Estimates are more accurate when material specifications and bill of quantities are known. Most appropriate during Project Planning Stage.

Most appropriate during Project Tendering Stage.Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE A contractor’s estimate of the project An estimate that is focused on winning the bid and gaining profit. .

Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle FINAL ESTIMATE An optimum estimate from a bid winner An estimate that is focused on establishing cost control as well as maximizing profit. . Most appropriate during Pre-planning Stage.

Estimating Phases in a Project Cycle CONSTRUCTION ESTIMATE A construction estimate based on production plan An estimate that is focused on optimizing resources. . Most appropriate during Project Execution Stage. productivity and cost savings.

Steps in preparing Cost Estimates .

Step #1 LEARN ABOUT THE PROPOSED PROJECT .

. Apply 5W2H.Step #1 LEARN about the proposed project. BEGIN by fully understanding the Proposed Project Package.

and cost requirement. Owners have particular quality. delivery. .First “W” Stands for WHO? (Who is the owner of project?) Knowing the owner will give us an idea about the Proposed Project Package.

Details can be found in the Invitation to Bid and Scope of Work.Second “W” Stands for WHAT? (What the project is all about?) A brief description that will give us an overview about the Proposed Project. .

.Third “W” Stands for WHERE? (Where the project is located?) Be familiar with the location of the proposed project. Is it remote? Far? Is it Near? Accessible? Some factors have to be considered based on project location.

Fourth “W” Stands for WHEN? (When to submit the bid?) (When to start and finish the project?) Know the deadline in order to submit the bid on-time. When? What date? How long? . Determine when to start and finish the proposed project. Know the project schedule.

Knowing this hidden “WHY?” is a plus factor.Fifth “W” Stands for WHY? (Why undertake the project?) Unwritten most of the time. But. . delivery and cost requirement. It answers the quality. there is always a reason behind a project being done.

.. delivery and cost component of the WORK.. . .knowing the step-by-step work to be undertaken on the project. …knowing the quality..First “H” Stands for HOW? (How the project would be done?) Knowing “HOW” is. Knowing the “STEP” is...

.. DECLARED OR NOT.. …you must have an idea to make the estimate realistic. …is the approved budget… . is a plus factor..Second “H” Stands for HOW MUCH? (How much is the cost of the project?) Knowing how much... .

5W2H WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE IT IS LOCATED? WHEN? WHY? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE IT IS LOCATED? WHEN TO START/FINISH? WHY? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE IT IS LOCATED? WHEN TO START/FINISH? WHY DO THE PROJECT? HOW? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE IT IS LOCATED? WHEN TO START/FINISH? WHY DO THE PROJECT? HOW IS IT UNDERTAKEN? HOW MUCH? .

5W2H WHO IS THE OWNER? WHAT IS THE PROJECT? WHERE IT IS LOCATED? WHEN TO START/FINISH? WHY DO THE PROJECT? HOW IS IT UNDERTAKEN? HOW MUCH IS THE COST? .

THEN CHECK & ACT . AND PROPOSAL.Step #2 ACQUIRE PLANS. SPECS.

and ACT GET & CAUSIOUSLY STUDY The Technical Drawings. . and Contract Documents QUALIFIED? CAPABLE? DECIDE IF OK OR NOT. Specifications. Specs & Proposal then CHECK.Step #2 Acquire Plans.

. Ensure the details are clear.ACQUIRE AND CHECK FOR Completeness of Plans.

CHECK FOR COMPLETENESS OF ELECTRICAL PLAN LIGHTING LAYOUT POWER LAYOUT AUXILIARY LAYOUT SCHEDULE OF LOADS ONE-LINE DIAGRAM RISER DIAGRAM SYMBOLS & LEGEND .

OTHER PARTS OF ELECTRICAL PLAN MOUNTING DETAILS WIRING DIAGRAM SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM .

. To make accurate & reliable estimate..The Focus of Checking the Plan is. . Completeness & Clarity.

. NOTES & SPECIFICATION Others prepare this on separate sheet.. .Part of the Electrical Plan not mentioned is.

PERMITS GUARANTEE MATERIALS .ACQUIRE AND STUDY PARTS OF TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION SCOPE OF WORK CODES.

CHECK FOR SPECIFICATION OF ELECTRICAL MATERIALS WIRES CONDUITS BOXES & FITTINGS LIGHTING FIXTURE WIRING DEVICES PANELS & BREAKERS AUXILIARY DEVICES .

Submeters for Tenants (temporary power provisions) .(MECO) Electric Meter Center . .Stalls Individual Electrical Power System .TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS SECTION EW – ELECTRICAL WORK EW 101: SCOPE The work to be done by the CONTRACTOR under this division consists of furnishing all labor and materials required completing and making ready for use the following items in accordance with the specifications and drawings.General Lighting System .

EW 102: CODES. The Contractor shall pay all penalties incurred by him or his agents. shall furnish the Owner a copy of the Certificate of Final Inspection and Approval from the above authorities. PERMITS. shall obtain at his own expense.2 The Contractor. after completion of the work. all permits required by the government approving Authorities and. 102.1 The installation specified herein shall comply with the provision of the latest approved edition of the Philippine Electrical Code with all laws and regulations of local authorities having jurisdiction over electrical installations. and with all rules and requirements of the local power company. prior to the start of the work. CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION AND APPROVAL: 102. .

EW 104: MATERIALS All materials shall be new and shall conform to the Standard of the Underwriter’s Laboratories and shall comply with the specifications. . unless specifically accepted and all materials where not specified shall be of their respective kind. Samples of any materials shall be submitted for approval as required by the Project Architect.

. mm.2 No wire shall be smaller than 2. shall be smooth and true of a cylindrical form and shall be within 1% of the actual size called for. except for control leads.1 All wire shall be copper. shall be of 90% conductivity.EW 105: WIRE 105. 105. soft-drawn and annealed. type THW insulation and shall be as manufactured by Phelp Dodge or Duraflex.0 sq. plastic insulated for 600 volts working pressure.

.. QUALITY REQUIREMENT. To make realistic and competitive cost estimate.The Focus of Studying the SPECS is. .

CAUTIOUSLY STUDIED IS THE BID PROPOSAL ...The other aspect of the project to be.

CAREFULLY STUDY THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE BID PROPOSAL Bid Form DETAILED ESTIMATE Summary Sheet CASH FLOW Payment Schedule SCHEDULE. S-CURVE Construction Methods .

Other requirements to be studied as part of the THE BID PROPOSAL ORGANIZATIONAL CHART List of Construction Personnel MANPOWER SCHEDULE Equipment Loading SITE INSPECTION Bid Security CREDIT LINE Safety and Health Program .

Thoroughly study the details of THE SCOPE OF WORK Roughing-in Works WIRING WORKS Wiring Device Installation Works FIXTURE MOUNTING WORKS Equipment Installation Works .

Cautiously study also the GENERAL REQUIREMENT PERMIT & LICENSES Mobilization DEMOBILIZATION Insurance. Bonds UTILITIES & SECURITIES Temporary Facilities AS-BUILT PLANS/DRAWINGS Others needed prior to operation . Coverage.

Review also the prescribed BILL OF QUANTITIES Unit of Measurement Details of BOQ Summary of BOQ .

. SPECS.ACQUIRING COMPLETE SET OF PLANS. Focusing on CLARITY AND ACCURACY To come up with a COMPETITIVE & PROFITABLE ESTIMATE. & PROPOSAL Is a must.

AFTER ACQUIRING & STUDYING

PLANS, SPECS, & PROPOSAL
The next thing to do is to…
ACT PROMPTLY
Quickly Deciding
TO PROCEED OR NOT.

Step #3

PERFORM ON-SITE VISIT
AND OCULAR INSPECTION

Step #3

Perform On-Site Visit and
OCCULAR INSPECTION
As much as possible
VISIT THE SITE
AND CONDUCT
OCCULAR INSPECTION

To become familiar of the
locality.

Focus and Become Familiar of the following during ON-SITE VISIT Transportation UTILITIES Local Government Requirement EMERGENCY SERVICES Vendors & Suppliers Capability SECURITY Local Climatic Condition Project Site Situation .

Look into difficulties/uncertainties of the following AT THE PROJECT SITE Material & Equipment Handling WAREHOUSING Fabrication Yard BARRACKS Layout Difficulties MOUNTING DIFFICULTIES Location Uncertainties OBSTRUCTIONS .

ACTUAL CONDUCT OF ON-SITE VISIT Is really very necessary to come up with more accurate. more realistic. And above all. most reasonable but profitable estimate. .

Step #4 GATHER SUBSTANTIAL AND ACCURATE ESTIMATE DATA .

Step #4 Gather Substantial & Accurate ESTIMATE DATA OBTAIN UPDATED ESTIMATE DATA. DETERMINE 5M TO BE UTILIZED AND ANALYZE SWOT. .

Secure substantial and accurate ESTIMATE DATA Latest Material Pricing UPDATED PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT Current Project Performance RESOURCE UTILIZATION SWOT Analysis .

Accurate Estimating Involves Acquiring THE LATEST MATERIAL PRICE Basic Material Listing MATERIAL PRICE DATA BANK Quotation Form ABSTRACT OF CANVAS .

Reliable Labor Cost Estimate is derived from UPDATED PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT Method Study WORK MEASUREMENTS Productivity Index .

Realistic Estimating Requires Comparing with CURRENT PROJECT PERFORMANCE Progress Report MATERIAL COST GRAPH Labor Cost Graph CASH FLOW ANALYSIS .

Competitive Estimate is based on economical RESOURCE UTILIZATION Manpower Utilization EQUIPMENT UTILIZATION Material Utilization .

Optimized Profitability could be gained by conducting SWOT Analysis STRENGTH Weakness OPPORTUNITY Threat .

And above all. most reasonable but profitable estimate. more realistic. .Gathering Substantial and Accurate ESTIMATE DATA Is really very necessary to come up with more accurate.

Step #5 PREPARE CAREFULLY AND PROMPTLY THE COST ESTIMATE .

The following are steps in coming up with COST ESTIMATE Identify Sub-con Items SECURE SUB-CON PRICES Verify Track Record/Capability CONTACT SUPPLIERS Review Insurance. Bonding REVIEW WAGE POLICY Prepare Work Breakdown Structure DEVELOP TAKE-OFF SHEET .

The following are suggested BREAKDOWN OF WORK Roughing-in Works WIRING WORKS Wiring Device Installation FIXTURE MOUNTING WORKS Equipment Mounting & Installation AUXILIARY WIRING WORKS Auxiliary Device Installation TESTING & COMMISSIONING .

Suggestion in DEVELOPING TAKE-OFF SHEET Material Quantity Take-off Bill of Materials with costing Detailed Labor Costing Detailed Bill of Quantities .

The following are cost additive of MATERIALS Transport Expense HANDLING EXPENSE Storage Expense WASTE & LOSSES Value Added Tax MISCELLANEOUS EXPENSE .

The following are cost additive for LABOR SSS Pag-ibig MEDICARE Cost of Living Allowance 13th MONTH PAY Bonus HOLIDAY PAY Other Compensation .

The final part of estimating is to come up with COST SUMMARY DIRECT COST Job Overhead Expenses GENERAL OVERHEAD Project Cost PROFIT Total Cost CONTRACTOR’S TAX Bid Cost .

30.0 10..00 900. 15.00 2.....0 8...0 15.30x..00 960.0 5.. DESCRIPTION QTY.30x. 250.00 500..00 240..00 Entrance cap 50mm.0 2...00 Rubber tape 4 roll 75. 450..clamp 12 pcs.00 TOTAL MATERIAL COST.00 locknut & bushing 8 pcs..0 7..00 U...00 200.680.vie 50mm.Elbow 6 pcs.00 Expansion bolt 30 pcs....00 90.200...000.dia.. 2 pcs..00 50mm. 160. 450. 2 pcs.00 U...00 Wire connector 250mm.00 50mm.00 180. 45.. 150.. 150.00 18.. 75.00 300...... 7.coupling 40 pcs.00 3....0 3.00 960.00 278. 2 pcs..RSC 40 pcs... TOTAL COST 250..0 11.0 6.BILL OF MATERIALS FOR CLI MAIN FEEDER LINE ITEM 1....00 Pullbox.0 A.000..00 300..0 14.0 4.. 240.00 Guide wire 2 kilo 45.. thhn 900 mts..00 Electrical tape 5 roll 40..0 12.00 50mm.00 540.00 210.15mm.0 9. 278..0 13.100... UNIT UNIT COST wire # 125 mm.00 Secondary rack 14 pcs.sq.. 4 pcs.clamp holder 12 pcs.00 L.00 .dia.0 16.

00 400.00 500.1.10 1.00 One (1) unit CONCRETE PEDESTAL dimension: 300 x 450 x 2000mm on top of CLI Perimeter wall (includes form.1.00 0.1 1.m. kgs.25 0.211.50 0.00 2.00 36. length lengths Sub-total of 1.4 1.00 1.1. LOCATION : Tunasan.00 95.00 200.50 4. rebar.00 200.00 1.1.00 250.8 MATERIALS Cement Sand Gravel Tie Wires Coco lumber Plywood 1/2" x 4' x 8' Rebar #3 Rebar #5 4.1.1.2 1.1. and concreting works) 1.00 bags cu.00 35.10 1.00 380.00 720.00 mday 1.PROJECT : SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF CLI SERVICE ENTRANCE OWNER : CLEAN LIVING INC.2.00 mday 180.m.50 16.00 72.00 . Muntinlupa CONTRACTOR : VALUE-ZEN/FCVARONA CONSULTANCY SERVICES DETAILED COST ESTIMATE ITEM DESCRIPTION QNTY.50 112.ft. UNIT UNIT COST TOTAL COST 95.00 50.00 7.6 1. bd.1. shts.1 Labor 1.00 250.000.00 380.3 1.2 Steel man 2.00 2.20 LABOR 1. cu.00 4.00 17.7 1.2.5 1.

500.00 125.00 9. RSC Pipes & Acc.00 135.00 36.1 80mm dia. V.00 25.00 35.00 150. QTY.00 10.00 1.0 lm 1.250.0 300.00 275. Roughing-in works II.0 mts.00 25.1 500A DPDT Switch IV.00 45. mts.000.00 45.000.3 III.4 60 sq.00 20.75 27. / FCVARONA CONSULTANCY SERVICES : Proposed Renovation of Caltex Clubhouse (ELECTRICAL WORKS) : San Pascual. THW 3.0 lm 1.1 III. II. UNIT UNITCOST TOTAL COST 1.00 48.600.500. Batangas : CALTEX (Philippines) INC.200.00 72.0 lot 18. RSC Pipes & Acc. Labor & Materials I.0 3.000.000.000. TW 100.00 IV.00 40.2 III. II.000. Preparatory Works III.500.mm. mts. Mobilization II.000.mm.800.mm. Wiring Works III.mm.0 100.0 lm 150.0 set .000.0 set 1. RSC Pipes & Acc. Panelboards IV.3 20mm dia.100. BILL OF QUANTITIES ACTIVITIES A. TW 8 sq.000.Contractor Project Location Owner : VALUE-ZEN INC.00 18.2 500A MDP w/ 32 Branch 1.5 sq. THW 30 sq.00 13.00 135.2 25mm dia. mts.000.0 lot 40.

1.00 93.36 1. IMC Elbow dia.55 7.00 450.32 0. EMT Elbow dia. IMC Coupling dia.458. IMC Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.88 %WT.19 0.18 0. EMT Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.13 18.41 0.15 40mm 80mm 40mm 80mm 40mm 80mm 40mm 80mm 15mm 20mm 25mm 50mm 15mm 20mm 25mm 15mm 20mm 25mm 50mm 15mm dia.81 42.50 56.00 160.80 2.940.00 891.63 8.14 1.94 37. pcs.63 2.PROJECT : ELECTRO-MECHANICAL WORKS FOR PRUDENTIAL BANK BUILDING PROJECT OWNER : PRUDENTIAL BANK/UNICORN CONSTRUCTION LOCATION : Grace Park.00 50.003.00 562.05 1. pcs. EMT Coupling dia.23 555.56 25.01 1.08 1. IMC Coupling IMC Locknut & Bushing IMC Locknut & Bushing dia.69 2.00 10.444.812. pcs.00 lengths lenghts pcs.00 25.800. UNIT UNIT COST TOTAL COST 723.03 1.00 345.50 6.00 9.19 222.14 1.75 312.11 1.80 .00 345.50 321.50 4.00 10. IMC Elbow dia.00 Materials 1.50 1.73 0. pcs.09 1.00 4.19 122.00 15. pcs. ROUGH-IN BOXES & FITTINGS 1.687.13 11.13 44. pcs.555.00 690.06 185.00 345.500.25 3.75 7.12 1.06 1. EMT Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.44 5.13 1.01 17.01 0.13 1.687.02 1.50 4.948.73 0.06 12.25 22.00 50. EMT Coupling dia.125.14 1.00 4.00 4. pcs.12 1.25 6.23 1.00 15.00 20.10 1.00 20. EMT Elbow dia.00 160. lengths lenghts lenghts lenghts pcs. pcs.44 13.18 0.00 20. pcs. EMT Coupling dia.07 0. pcs. Caloocan City CONTRACTOR : VALUE-ZEN ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SPECIALISTS CO.12 0.04 1. EMT Coupling EMT Connector 38.44 27. pcs.50 1.00 0. IMC Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.00 2.56 29. DESCRIPTION ELECTRICAL WORKS QNTY.500. pcs. / FCVARONA CONSULTANCY BILL OF QUANTITIES ITEM I.10 1.07 1.10 1.01 1.50 5.75 112.033.441. EMT Elbow dia.630.00 160. EMT Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.111.88 197. EMT Pipe (MATSUSHITA) dia.

Fire Alarm System 22.27 300.29 239.19 358.84 2.32 IV.88 33.45 100.445.14 VII.56 53.44 32.696.09 365.32 14.PROJECT : ELECTRO-MECHANICAL WORKS FOR PRUDENTIAL BANK BUILDING PROJECT OWNER : PRUDENTIAL BANK/UNICORN CONSTRUCTION LOCATION : Grace Park.50 1.85 120.811.250.93 419.344.690.00 T O T A L .36 223.31 50.724.15 368.000.00 0.800.844.72 18.83 259.56 12.845.13 246.24 0.79 0. Panelboards.85 1.00 2.05 VIII.00 1.81 3.12 348.59 14.214.41 1.17 519.06 70.44 VI. Breaker Gutter & Circuit Breaker 52. Wires & Cables 56.400.22 II.000.30 7.485.850.00 2.04 77.743.07 15.740.81 2.25 17. Others (Plans.005.16 2.38 21.543.75 52. Lighting Fixtures 45.41 9.198.36 23. Telephone System 10. Rough-in Boxes & fittings 80.22 67.062.804.75 10.458.529. Testing & Commissioning) 70.01 2.172.00 3.00 4.024.286.00 2.32 0.239. Caloocan City CONTRACTOR : VALUE-ZEN ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SPECIALISTS CO.00 2.57 V.529.428.764.572.15 352.225.76 14.29 2. Wiring Devices 27.04 52.000.06 14.97 158.24 6.450.976.73 447.25 9. / FCVARONA CONSULTANCY LUMP SUM PRICE BREAKDOWN ITEM DESCRIPTION LABOR EQPT/MATLS PROFIT/OH TOTAL I.00 1.16 III.987.12 107.75 10. Permits.00 4.

Sub-total I SITE WORK Clearing & Grabbing Excavation Backfilling & Compaction Gravel Fill & Compaction Hauling & Disposal of excess soil Termite Treatment Others.m.2 1.00 1.1 1.00 45.000.000. cu.5 II 2.m.m.00 160.50 68.000.00 1.00 25.040.m.00 21.000.00 1.m.000.00 225.00 sq.00 134.00 210.062.7 III IV DESCRIPTION GENERAL PROVISIONS Mobilization/ demobilization Temporary Facilities Permits & Licenses Bonds & Insurance Power. Misc. illumination. 568. cu.00 21.019.000.412. cu.50 579.4 1.000.50 25.00 kgs.000.054.00 sq.106.00 1.00 30. Sub-total II FORMWORKS REBARWORKS QNTY UNIT COST PHP 50.50 75.00 206.00 1.00 1.00 25.00 75.50 325.15 331.3 2.1 2.000.000. 10.50 42.301.000.5 2.2 2.3 1.00 290.000.000. cu.00 50.00 UNIT lot lot lot lot lot .6 2.50 22.00 40.50 647.00 324. 25.375. lot lot 188.250.000.4 2.000.00 40.00 45.CONTRACTOR PROJECT LOCATION DATE : : : : VALUE-ZEN EMS COMPANY 2 STOREY RESIDENCE WITH ATTIC MUNTINLUPA CITY FEB.m. water.863.00 AMOUNT PHP 50.00 50. 1999 BILL OF QUANTITIES ITEM I 1.00 1.50 1.85 735.00 39.50 53.

Well experience Bidder could determine the BEST BID. . Having the maximum marked-up that could be inserted in a bid. The mark-up is usually based on mathematical computation as well as extra-sensory calculation focused on winning and gaining.

at the right price. . Just like a martial art champion releasing the right strike at the right time at the right point. at right time and place.In conclusion A BID WINNER Could release the right bid proposal.

Types of Estimates and Their Application .

Types Estimates • Ratio Estimate (±25% Accurate) – Used in Feasibility Study. • Office Estimate (±10% Accurate) – Used in Preliminary Budget Approval • Definitive Estimate (±5% Accurate) – Used in Preparing Control Budget • Final Estimate (±5% Accurate) – Used in Preparing Cost Information . • Factored Estimate (±15% Accurate) – Used in Early Stage Estimate.

Thank you! .