2.

2 Differential Protection

Figure 2-38

2.2.5

Definition of current direction on a shunt reactor

Differential Protection for Mini-Busbars and Short Lines
A mini-busbar or branch-point is defined here as a three-phase, coherent piece of conductor which is limited by sets of current transformers. Examples are short stubs or
mini-busbars. The differential protection in this operation mode is not suited to transformers; use the function „Differential Protection for Transformers“ for this application.
Even for other inductors, like series or shunt reactors, the busbar differential protection
should not be used because of its lower sensitivity.
This operation mode is also suitable for short lines or cables. „Short“ means in this
context that the current transformer connections from the CTs to the device do not
cause impermissible load to the current transformers. On the other hand, capacitive
charging currents do not harm this operation because the differential protection is normally less sensitive with this application.
Since the current direction is normally defined as positive in the direction of the protected object, this results in the definitions as illustrated in figures 2-39 and 2-40.
The models 7UT613 and 7UT633 allow mini-busbars with up to 3 feeder or lines with
up to 3 terminals (“Teed lines”) to be protected, 5 feeders can be protected using
7UT635. Figure 2-41 shows the example of a busbar with 4 feeders.

7UT613/63x Manual
C53000-G1176-C160-2

Figure 2-39

Definition of current direction at a branch-point (busbar with 2 feeders)

Figure 2-40

Definition of current direction at short lines

123

e. The basis for current comparison is the rated busbar current (address 371 I PRIMARY OP.2 Functions Figure 2-41 Definition of current direction at busbar with 4 feeders The differential protection feature of the 7UT613/63x refers all currents to the rated current of the protected object. This allows for a continuous monitoring of the differential currents on a low level. it provides 9 or 12 current inputs of equal design. 124 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 .6 With busbars and short lines. reactors. Measured value matching is therefore reduced to magnitude factors. a fault in the secondary current leads (short-circuit or open-circuit). no external matching devices are necessary. These currents are fed to one device per feeder. Each phase of all busbar feeders is connected to one phase dedicated device 7UT613/63x. a differential current is detected in the order of the load current of a feeder. The differential protection is blocked in the associated phase at the same time.2. and all other currents are converted accordingly. a release of the trip command can be set if a threshold is exceeded by one of the incoming currents. and about the primary rated CT currents. The device is informed during setting about the rated current of the protected object (in this case the busbar or line). high fault currents are expected in case of faults on a busbar or a short line so that a higher pickup threshold (above rated current) is conceded here. When. As a rule. This condition is annunciated with time delay. this indicates a missing secondary current. during normal load conditions. Trip command is allowed only when at least one of these currents exceeds a certain (settable) threshold. the largest of the three rated currents is used as the basis for the current comparison. This allows for a single-phase differential current busbar protection for up to 9 or 12 feeders.). This monitor operates phase-selectively. i. Single-phase Differential Protection for Busbars 7UT613/63x Depending on the ordered model. If the feeders or ends have different rated currents. A small differential current in the range of operational currents indicates a fault in the secondary circuit of the current transformers. There are two connection possibilities: • One 7UT613/63x is used for each phase. The three phase currents at each measuring location of the protected object are monitored for over-shooting of a set value. • The three phase currents of each feeder are summarised into a single-phase summation current. and rotating machines in order to detect even small fault currents. Feeder Current Guard 2. Differential Current Monitoring Whereas a high sensitivity of the differential protection is normally required for transformers.

a 7UT613/63x is used in case of single-phase connection. a different sensitivity is thus valid for different fault types. 7UT613 and 7UT633 are suitable for 9. a common rated current must be defined for the entire busbar even if the feeder CTs have different rated currents.2 Differential Protection Phase Dedicated Connection For each of the phases. Current summation is asymmetrical. This common rated current has been set in address 371 I PRIMARY OP. 7UT635 for 12 feeders. Therefore. The fault current sensitivity is equal for all types of faults. The output of the summation transformers is normally designed for IM = 100 mA at symmetrical rated busbar current. 7UT613 and 7UT633 are suitable for up to 9. The nominal current at the device input IN Obj = 100 mA is applicable. A common nominal current must be defined for the entire busbar.2. It is the maximum of the rated currents of all feeders set in the device in the data of the protected object. The phase currents of each feeder are converted into single-phase current by means of the summation CTs. No external matching devices are necessary even if the feeders and/or the current transformer sets at the ends of the protected zone have different primary currents. 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 125 . Measured value matching in the device is thus limited to current quantity factors. Figure 2-42 Connection via Summation CT Single-phase busbar protection. illustrated L1 One single device 7UT613/63xis sufficient for a busbar with up to 7 feeders if the device is connected via summation current transformers. 7UT635 for up to 12 feeders. The differential protection feature of the 7UT613/63x refers all currents to the rated current of the protective object. Matching of the currents can be performed in the summation transformer connections if the feeder CTs have different nominal currents..

126 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 . The scheme as illustrated in figure 2-44 is the most commonly used. IL3 and IE. i. Figure 2-44 Summation Transformer Connection L1-L3-E For a symmetrical three-phase current (where the earth residual component IE = 0) the single-phase summation current is W = √3 times the winding unit value. The same CT connection method must be used for all feeders of a busbar. the summation flux (ampere turns) is the same as it would be for single-phase current √3 times the value flowing through the winding with the least number of turns (ratio 1). The three input windings of the summation transformer are connected to the CT currents IL1. the secondary single-phase current is IM = 100 mA. All relay characteristic operating values are based on this type of fault and this current. For three-phase symmetrical fault currents equal to rated current 1 x IN. This connection is suitable for all kinds of systems regardless of the conditioning of the system neutral.2 Functions Figure 2-43 Busbar protection with connection via summation current transformers (SCT) Different schemes are possible for the connection of the current transformers.e. It is characterised by an increased sensitivity for earth faults. as shown in figure 2-45.

If the higher earth current sensitivity is not necessary.58 2.15 0. With this connection. the values given in Table 2-6 below can be recalculated for the seven possible fault conditions in solidly earthed networks.31 1. This is reasonable in earthed systems with particularly low zero sequence impedance where earth fault currents may be larger than those under twophase fault conditions. Table 2-5 Fault conditions and weighting factors for the CT connection L1-L3-E Fault W W/√3 I1 for IM = 100 mA L1-L2-L3 (sym.58 0.35 · IN 0. connection according to figure 2-46 can be used.2 Differential Protection Figure 2-45 Summation of the currents in the summation transformer on connection L1-L3-E For the connection L1-L3-E (see figure 2-44). the actual pickup values result. 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 127 .73 · IN 1.2.) L1-L2 L2-L3 L3-L1 L1-E L2-E L3-E √3 2 1 1 5 3 4 1. residual current (refer to figure 2-44) has the largest number of turns and thus the weighting factor W = 3.73 2.43 · IN The table shows that the differential protection is more sensitive to earth faults and to double earth faults than to those without earth path component. If the current setting values are multiplied with this factor.00 · IN 0.87 · IN 1.00 1. This increased sensitivity is due to the fact that the summation transformer winding in the CT starpoint connection (IE.73 · IN 0. On the right hand side is the complementary multiple of rated current IM = 100 mA which W/√3 would have to be in order to arrive at the summation current I1. the weighting factors W of the summation currents IM for the various fault conditions and the ratios to that given by the threephase symmetrical faults are shown in table 2-5.58 · IN 0.89 1.

73 ·IN 0. The described connections are examples. The type 4AM5120 is recommended for summation current transformers.58 1.89)2.87 ·IN 1. The nominal input current of each summation CT must match the nominal secondary current of the connected main CT set. Certain phase preferences (especially in systems with non-earthed neutral) can be obtained by cyclic or acyclic exchange of the phases.00 0.e.58 1. Further increase of the earth current can be performed by introducing an auto-CT in the residual path.) L1-L2 L2-L3 L3-L1 L1-E L2-E L3-E √3 1 2 1 2 1 3 1.58 1. Thus the thermal loading is reduced to 36 %.87 IN 1. (1. i.2 Functions Figure 2-46 Summation transformer connection L1-L2-L3 with decreased earth fault sensitivity Figure 2-47 Summation of the currents in the summation transformer on connection L1-L2L3 Table 2-6 Fault conditions and weighting factors for the CT connection L1-L2-L3 Fault W W/√3 I1 for IM = 100 mA L1-L2-L3 (sym.73/2.73 1. The output current of the summation CT (= input 128 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 .73 ·IN 0. These transformers have different input windings which allow for summation of the currents with the ratio 2 : 1 : 3 as well as matching of different primary currents of the main CTs to a certain extent.73 ·IN 0.15 0.15 0. Figure 2-48 shows the winding arrangement. as a further possibility.58 ·IN Comparison with the values in the table 2-5 or L1-L3-E shows that under earth fault conditions the weighting factor W is less than with the standard connection.00 ·IN 1.

high fault currents are expected in case of faults on a busbar so that a higher pickup threshold (above rated current) is conceded here. and rotating machines in order to detect even small fault currents.2. during normal load conditions. If the function is not required Disabled is to be set. PROT. the type of protected object must be decided during configuration (address 105 PROT. Figure 2-48 Differential Current Monitoring Winding arrangement of summation and matching transformers 4AM5120 Whereas a high sensitivity of the differential protection is normally required for transformers. When.7 With busbars a release of the trip command can be set if a threshold is exceeded by one of the incoming currents.2. The option Block relay allows to operate the protection but the trip output relay is blocked. Only those parameters are offered which are reasonable for the selected type of protected object. a differential current is detected in the order of the load current of a feeder. with correct matching. PROT. This allows for a continuous monitoring of the differential currents on a low level.e. all remaining are suppressed. 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 129 . Trip command is allowed only when at least one of these currents exceeds a certain (settable) threshold. in address ON OFF. a fault in the secondary current leads (short-circuit or open-circuit). i.2 Differential Protection current of the 7UT613/63x) amounts to IN = 0.1 A at nominal conditions. The differential protection can be switched 1201 or DIFF. = Enabled (address 112) . The currents of each feeder are monitored for overshooting of a set value. reactors. Setting Notes General Differential protection is only effective and available if this function was set during configuration of the Functional Scope DIFF. Additionally. Feeder Current Guard 2. this indicates a missing secondary current. This condition is annunciated with time delay. The differential protection is blocked at the same time. A small differential current in the range of operational currents indicates a fault in the secondary circuit of the current transformers. OBJECT).

IE3phMEAS to YES. the differential protection is switched OFF. Equally.2 Functions Note When delivered from factory. the zero sequence current is eliminated automatically in order to avoid a faulty reaction by the differential protection in case of an external earth fault. i.IE4-MEAS for side 4 if earthed. 323. The same considerations apply to any other or additional earthed sides: • 1212 DIFFw.IE3-MEAS for side 3 if earthed. 343 and/or 353 and section „Topology of the Protected Object“ under margin heading Assignment of Further „1-phase Measuring Locations“). It is required to assign the respective three-phase measuring location to one side and to declare it as earth winding (the side of the auto-connected winding facing the earth electrode). nevertheless. Set address 1216 DIFFw. 130 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 . • 1213 DIFFw. e. This parameter can only be altered in DIGSI at Display Additional Settings. the parameters are not available for sides of the protected object that are not earthed. the following parameters are then omitted. If a starpoint is earthed but the earth current is not available. The conclusion is: If the starpoint of a side of the protected power transformer is earthed and the starpoint current is fed to the device (via a further 1-phase current input) you can. between starpoint and earth electrode. The device then calculates the sum of the three currents and uses it as earth current. addresses 313. The reason is that the protection must not be in operation unless at least the connection group (of a transformer) and the matching factors have been set before. Without proper settings. the device may show unexpected reactions (incl.IE5-MEAS for side 5 if earthed. • 1215 DIFFw. leave the default setting for inclusion of the earth current unchanged in address 1211DIFFw. In auto-transformers the earth current flowing in the winding can be considered even if a complete three-phase CT set has been installed as illustrated in figure 2-6. tripping)! Starpoint Conditioning If there is a current transformer in the starpoint connection of an earthed transformer winding. 333. This parameter can only be altered with DIGSI under Additional Settings.IE1-MEAS for side 1 on „Yes“. the starpoint current may be taken into consideration for calculations of the differential protection. The device has been informed about the earthing conditions during setting of the object properties (section „General Power System Data“ under margin heading „Object Data with Transformers“. where instead of measuring location Z3 also the three phase currents can be connected to a three-phase measuring input of the device. • 1214 DIFFw. The earth-fault sensitivity is thus ensured. During setting YES the corresponding earth current will be considered by the differential protection.IE2-MEAS for side 2 if earthed.

the differential protection will not trip before the release criterion is given. (address 1282) applies to the annunciation and blocking of the differential protection.2 · IN Obj). A higher value (above rated current) should be selected for lines and busbars. Time delay T I-DIFF> MON. Figure 2-49 illustrates the meaning of the different settings. In such cases I-DIFF>> should be set to ∞. I-DIFF> (address 1221) is the pickup value of the differential current. generators and motors the sensitivity can be set even higher. the through-flowing current can increase substantially. regardless of the way this is distributed between the sides. If the feeder current guard is set (i. depending on the system. This setting ensures that blocking with the presence of faults (even of external ones) is avoided. Its use is only sensible if one can distinguish clearly between operational error currents caused by missing transformer currents and fault currents caused by a fault in the protected object. e. The numbers at the different branches of the characteristic signify the addresses of the settings.2 Differential Protection Differential Current Monitoring With busbar protection or short-line protection differential current can be monitored. The time delay usually amounts to a few seconds. You may select a high sensitivity (small pickup value) for transformers (presetting 0.00 I/InS (presetting) this release criterion will not be used. The pickup value I-DIFF> MON. On the other hand. the extremely fast instantaneous value scheme has detected the fault already after a few milliseconds. address 1221). in conjunction with very high differential currents. provided that the current transformer sets are of similar design. The differential protection only trips if one of the measured currents exceeds the threshold I> CURR. otherwise no differentiation between operational errors caused by missing secondary currents and fault currents due to short-circuit in the protected object would be possible. to a value of > 0). At address 1208 I-DIFF> MON. 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 131 . The pickup value is referred to the rated current of the respective side. the monitoring can be set to ON and OFF. In case of busbars and short lines. Feeder Current Guard With busbars and short lines a release of the trip command can be set if one of the incoming currents is exceeded. (address 1281) must be high enough to avoid a pickup caused by a transformation error of the current transformers and by minimum mismatching of different current transformers. Higher measuring tolerances must be expected if the rated currents of the current transformers differ extensively from the rated current of the protected object. GUARD (address 1210). This is also the case if. With setting 0. The pickup value is referred to the rated current of the protected object. Trip Characteristic Differential Current The parameters of the tripping characteristic are set in addresses 1221 to 1265. or if there are multiple measuring locations. The unstable I-DIFF>> stage could trip.2. the pickup value must lie clearly below the differential protection (I-DIFF>. With reactors. This is the total fault current into the protected object. The pickup value is referred to the rated current of the protected object.

in case of power transformers with tap changers. The slope is set at address 1243 SLOPE 2. The delay time1226 T I-DIFF> is started if an internal fault in the protected object has been detected by the IDIFF>-stage and the trip characteristic. differential currents which occur due to the transformer regulating range. 132 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 . A higher gradient results in a higher restraint. an additional delay can be set. For this. All setting times are additional delay times which do not include the operating times (measuring time. The percentage of this differential current in this latter case is equal to the percentage of the regulating range provided the rated voltage is corrected according to the description of the 2. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings.1. These are mainly errors of the main current transformers and.2 Functions Figure 2-49 Tripping characteristic of the differential protection The tripping characteristic comprises two further branches. The dropout time of all stages is determined by the minimum trip time duration of all protection functions. The second branch produces a higher restraint in the range of high currents which may lead to current transformer saturation. 1236 T I-DIFF>> is the time delay for the tripping stage I-DIFF>>. The base point of the first branch is determined by address 1242 BASE POINT 1 and its slope by address 1241 SLOPE 1. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. dropout time) of the protective function. Its base point is set at address 1244 BASE POINT 2 and is referred to the rated object current. The restraint during current transformer saturation can be influenced by this parameter branch.4 in „Object Data with Transformers“. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI under Additional Settings. This branch covers current-proportional errors. Delay Times In special cases it may be advantageous to delay the trip signal of the differential protection.

e. or Autotr.).2 Differential Protection The increase of the pickup value on startup The increase of the pickup value on startup serves as an additional safety against overfunctioning when a non-energised protection object is connected. ADD ON it can be determined how long the crossblock should be effective. but blocking can be extended to all three phases (so-called crossblock function).e. The slope is the same as for characteristic branch b (SLOPE 1. the crossblock function is always effective.e. It is based on evaluation of the 2nd harmonic present in the switch-on inrush current. a value of 2 is normally adequate. At address 1205 INC.START it can be switched to ON or OFF.2.05 times the rated current of the protected object. Add-on Restraint In systems with very high traversing currents a dynamic add-on restraint is enabled for external faults. it is twice the traversing current. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. The inrush restraint function with 2nd harmonic can be switched in address 1206 INRUSH 2. OFF and ON. Here.. Please be aware of the fact that the restraint current is twice the traversing operational current. The characteristic of this stage increases by the same factor. STARTUP (address 1251) is the value of the restraining current which is likely to be undershot before startup of the protected object takes place. It can be used without being changed. This function is also used for shunt reactors if current transformers are installed at both sides of the connection points. By means of address 1263 CROSSB. 2.e. where energising conditions are particularly unfavourable. i. The IDiff>> stage is not affected.1 represents 0. or 1 phase transf. the PROT. or Autotransf. If 0 Per. node. a smaller value can be set at the afore- 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 133 . setting is in multiple of one AC-cycle. The initial value is set at address 1261 I-ADD ON STAB. crossblock is ineffective. The value is referred to the rated current of the protected object.CHAR. in this case the same setting as for 1262 T ADD ON-STAB. i. Otherwise all phases will be blocked. The add-on restraint is disabled automatically even before the set time period expires as soon as the device has detected that the operation pointIdiff/Istab stationary (i. cycle is set. The maximum duration of the add-on restraint after detection of an external fault is set to multiples of an AC-cycle (address 1262 T ADD ON-STAB. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI under Additional Settings. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. Please note that the fact that the restraint current is the arithmetical sum of the currents flowing into the protected object. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. Harmonic Restraint Restraint with harmonic content is available only when the device is used as transformer protection. HARMONIC) is set to I2fN/IfN = 15 % as default setting. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. When set to ∞. too. The increase of the pickup value is set back to its original value after time period T START MAX (address 1253) has passed. Add-on restraint operates individually per phase. The ratio of 2nd harmonics to the fundamental (address 1271. OBJECT (address 105) is a 3 phase transf. Especially for motors or motor/transformer units in block connection it should be set to ON. via at least one cycle) within the tripping zone near the fault characteristic (≥ 80 % of the fault characteristic slope). The restraint current value I-REST. To provide more restraint in exceptional cases. is advisable. i. The additional stabilisation does not influence the stage I-DIFF>>. For motors or motor/transformer in unit connection. The pre-set value of 0. only the phase with detected external fault will be blocked.HARM. address 1241). Address 1252 START-FACTOR determines by which factor the pickup value of the Diff> stage is to be increased on startup.

If set to 0 (pre-setting is 3) the protection can trip when the transformer is switched on a single-phase fault even while the other phases carry inrush current. 134 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 . The harmonic content intended for blocking the differential protection is set at address 1276 n. Steady-state overexcitation of transformers is characterised by odd harmonic content. For example. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings.g. Apart from the second harmonic.HARM. The duration for which the crossblock function is active can be limited at address 1272 CROSSB. Available for selection are the 3.HM no n-th harmonic restraint takes place. n. 30 % (default setting) are convenient. This means that on harmonic content overshoot in only one phase all three phases of the differential stage IDIFF> stage are blocked. is used to disable this harmonics restraint. If the differential current exceeds the magnitude set at address 1278 IDIFFmax n. Harmonic and the 5. HARMONIC. As the third harmonic is often eliminated in transformers (e. it is also possible – as it is for the inrush restraint – to set the protection in such manner that not only the phase with harmonic content overshoot but also the other phases of the differential stage I-DIFF> are blocked (so-called "crossblock" function). Note The current values I/INO in the settings overview below always refer to the rated current of the main protected object. 2. The inrush restraint can be extended by the so-called "crossblock" function. if the 5th harmonic restraint is used to avoid trip during overexcitation. Converter transformers also produce odd harmonics which are practically absent in the case of an internal short-circuit. The duration for which the crossblock function is active can be limited at address 1277 CROSSB. If set to ∞ the crossblock function remains effective for as long as high-order harmonics are detected in any phase. However. the crossblock function is always active. This parameter can only be set with DIGSI at Additional Settings. the fifth harmonic is more commonly used. Address 1207 RESTR. . in a delta winding). the 7UT613/63x can provide restraint with a further harmonic. The 3rd or 5th harmonic is suitable to detect overexcitation. The restraint with harmonics does not influence the stage IDIFF>>. If set to 0 the crossblock function remains effective for as long as high-order harmonics are detected in any phase. The current values I/INS always refer to the rated current of the relevant side of the main protected object. Setting is in multiple of the AC-cycle. Setting is in multiple of the AC-cycle.HARM. or to select the harmonic for it. Harmonic restraint with the n-th harmonic operates individually per phase. This parameter can only be altered in DIGSI at Display Additional Settings. n. HARM. When set to ∞. Harmonic.2 Functions mentioned address.

2. ∞ 15 Cycle Duration of Add-on Stabilization 1263A CROSSB. 15.2. Earth Current S1 1212A DIFFw..00 I/InS I> for Current Guard 1211A DIFFw.10 ..20 I/InO Pickup Value of Differential Curr.00 I/InO Base Point for Slope 1 of Charac.. ∞ 15 Cycle Time for Cross-blocking Add-on Stabiliz. OFF ON Block relay OFF Differential Protection 1205 INC.electr 1221 I-DIFF> 0. ∞ 0. n. Parameter Setting Options Default Setting Comments 1201 DIFF. under Additional Settings.05 .00 sec. 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 135 .2.0 sec Maximum Permissible Starting Time 1261A I-ADD ON STAB..00 . 60.50 0. GUARD 0. 1000 Cycle. ADD ON 2 . with meas.00 I/InO 4.. 2.00 . 2.20 .25 Slope 1 of Tripping Characteristic 1242A BASE POINT 1 0.00 . Earth Current S5 1216A DIFFw.HARM.0 . Earth Current S2 1213A DIFFw.2 Differential Protection 2. ∞ 0.current earth.00 . Earth Current S3 1214A DIFFw.95 0.5 I/InO Pickup Value of High Set Trip 1236A T I-DIFF>> 0... Harmonic 5.CHAR.50 I/InO Base Point for Slope 2 of Charac.10 I/InO I-RESTRAINT for Start Detection 1252A START-FACTOR 1.0 I/InO. Addr. with meas.00 I/InO 2.IE2-MEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot.00 sec T I-DIFF>> Time Delay 1241A SLOPE 1 0.IE3-MEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot.00 I/InO 0. 1226A T I-DIFF> 0. 250 Cycle.with meas. 1251A I-REST.. with meas. 180. OFF ON ON Differential Current monitoring 1210 I> CURR.00 .START OFF ON OFF Increase of Trip Char.00 I/InO 0.5 . STARTUP 0. 0.HARM.. 60.IE1-MEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot.00 I/InS.50 Slope 2 of Tripping Characteristic 1244A BASE POINT 2 0.25 .. PROT. 35. ∞ 7. with meas.IE3phMEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot.. Harmonic OFF n-th Harmonic Restraint 1208 I-DIFF> MON. 2. 0 0.0 sec 5.00 I/InO 0. 0.0 .. 2. 1243A SLOPE 2 0. 2.00 sec T I-DIFF> Time Delay 1231 I-DIFF>> 0. OFF 3...00 .8 Settings Addresses which have an appended "A" can only be changed with DIGSI.00 sec.0 1. 10.IE5-MEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot. Harmonic Restraint 1207 RESTR.IE4-MEAS NO YES NO Diff-Prot. During Start 1206 INRUSH 2. with meas.00 I/InO Pickup for Add-on Stabilization 1262A T ADD ON-STAB..0 Factor for Increasing of Char. 2 . 0. at Start 1253 T START MAX 0. Earth Current S4 1215A DIFFw. OFF ON ON Inrush with 2.

L1 5645 Diff 2. 1278A IDIFFmax n. L1 5648 Diff n. HARMONIC 10 .Harmonic 5660 DiffCrosBlk exF OUT Diff: Crossblock by ext.5 I/InO Limit IDIFFmax of n-th Harm. 2.: IDIFF> L1 (without Tdelay) 5682 Diff> L2 OUT Diff.Harmon.Harm L1 OUT Diff: Blocked by n.: Blocked by ext. L3 5647 Diff n. phase (start) L3 5670 Diff I-Release OUT Diff: Curr-Release for Trip 5671 Diff TRIP OUT Differential protection TRIP 5672 Diff TRIP L1 OUT Differential protection: TRIP L1 5673 Diff TRIP L2 OUT Differential protection: TRIP L2 5674 Diff TRIP L3 OUT Differential protection: TRIP L3 5681 Diff> L1 OUT Diff. exF..: adverse Adaption factor CT 5631 Diff picked up OUT Differential protection picked up 5644 Diff 2.L2 OUT Diff. L3 5651 Diff Bl. ∞ 3 Cycle Time for Cross-blocking 2nd Harm. 1000 Cycle..Harm L2 OUT Diff: Blocked by n.: Blocked by CT fault L1 5663 Block Iflt..20 I/InO Pickup Value of diff. L2 5646 Diff 2.: Blocked by CT fault L2 5664 Block Iflt.Harmon. prot.: IDIFF> L3 (without Tdelay) 136 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 . ∞ 0 Cycle Time for Cross-blocking n-th Harm. fault L2 5653 Diff Bl. prot.: Blocked by CT fault L3 5666 DiffStrtInChaL1 OUT Diff: Increase of char.9 Information List No. prot. prot.80 I/InO 0.2. L2 5649 Diff n. 20. 0.15 . HARMONIC 10 .2 Functions Addr. prot.L3 OUT Diff.5 . 0.HM 0.: Blocked by ext. prot.L1 OUT Diff. Current Monitoring 1282 T I-DIFF> MON.Harm L3 OUT Diff: Blocked by 2. 1 . 10 sec 2 sec T I-DIFF> Monitoring Time Delay 2. prot.HARM 2 .L2 OUT Diff.: Blocked by ext..Restraint 1281 I-DIFF> MON. fault.Harm L3 OUT Diff: Blocked by n.Harm L1 OUT Diff: Blocked by 2.Harmon. 0.: IDIFF> L2 (without Tdelay) 5683 Diff> L3 OUT Diff.L3 5657 DiffCrosBlk 2HM OUT Diff: Crossblock by 2.L1 OUT Diff. 0. exF...Harmon. exF.. 1276 n.0 I/InO 1. prot. 1000 Cycle.Harmon. fault 5662 Block Iflt. HARM 2 . Parameter Setting Options Default Setting Comments 1271 2. 80 % 15 % 2nd Harmonic Content in I-DIFF 1272A CROSSB. fault L1 5652 Diff Bl. Information Type of Information Comments 5603 >Diff BLOCK SP >BLOCK differential protection 5615 Diff OFF OUT Differential protection is switched OFF 5616 Diff BLOCKED OUT Differential protection is BLOCKED 5617 Diff ACTIVE OUT Differential protection is ACTIVE 5620 Diff Adap.L3 OUT Diff. phase (start) L1 5667 DiffStrtInChaL2 OUT Diff: Increase of char. phase (start) L2 5668 DiffStrtInChaL3 OUT Diff: Increase of char. 80 % 30 % n-th Harmonic Content in I-DIFF 1277A CROSSB. prot.Harmon.fact.Harmonic 5658 DiffCrosBlk nHM OUT Diff: Crossblock by n.Harm L2 OUT Diff: Blocked by 2. OUT Diff err. n.

2. CT IX4 5742 Diff DC L1 OUT Diff: DC L1 5743 Diff DC L2 OUT Diff: DC L2 5744 Diff DC L3 OUT Diff: DC L3 5745 Diff DC InCha OUT Diff: Increase of char. prot: Adaption factor aux. prot: IDIFF>> L3 (without Tdelay) 5691 Diff> TRIP OUT Differential prot. prot: Adaption factor aux. in L1 at trip without Tdelay 5705 Res. CT IX2 5740 Diff CT-IX3: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I7 5728 Diff CT-I8: VI Diff. L2: VI Restr. prot: Adaption factor CT I1 5722 Diff CT-I2: VI Diff.curr. prot: Adaption factor CT I10 5731 DiffCT-I11: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I12 5733 Diff CT-M1: VI Diff. in L2 at trip without Tdelay 5706 Res. in L3 at trip without Tdelay 5721 Diff CT-I1: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I3 5724 Diff CT-I4: VI Diff. curr. curr. L3: VI Restr. prot: Adaption factor CT I5 5726 Diff CT-I6: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I8 5729 Diff CT-I9: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor aux. L1: VI Restr. prot: Adaption factor CT M3 5736 Diff CT-M4: VI Diff. curr.2 Differential Protection No.curr.: TRIP by IDIFF>> 5701 Diff L1: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I11 5732 DiffCT-I12: VI Diff. CT IX3 5741 Diff CT-IX4: VI Diff. prot: IDIFF>> L2 (without Tdelay) 5686 Diff>> L3 OUT Diff. in L3 at trip without Tdelay 5704 Res. prot: Adaption factor CT I4 5725 Diff CT-I5: VI Diff. prot: IDIFF>> L1 (without Tdelay) 5685 Diff>> L2 OUT Diff. in L1 at trip without Tdelay 5702 Diff L2: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT M2 5735 Diff CT-M3: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT M1 5734 Diff CT-M2: VI Diff. in L2 at trip without Tdelay 5703 Diff L3: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT M5 5738 Diff CT-IX1: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor aux. CT IX1 5739 Diff CT-IX2: VI Diff. phase (DC) 7UT613/63x Manual C53000-G1176-C160-2 137 .: TRIP by IDIFF> 5692 Diff>> TRIP OUT Differential prot. prot: Adaption factor CT I9 5730 DiffCT-I10: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I2 5723 Diff CT-I3: VI Diff. Information Type of Information Comments 5684 Diff>> L1 OUT Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT I6 5727 Diff CT-I7: VI Diff. prot: Adaption factor CT M4 5737 Diff CT-M5: VI Diff.curr.