Companies producing electric energy generate the correct voltage.

However, failures on the line, atmospheric conditions, continual
load variations and disturbances generated by the actual users make
it impossible to guarantee every user a steady voltage within the
tolerance bandwidth stipulated in the supply contract.
Very often the tolerance is insufficient for more sensitive facilities.
Other times the mains voltage reaches levels that exceed the
foreseen rated value by 15, 20 or even 25%.
The voltage fluctuations are particularly treacherous interferences
since they are not seen and can only be detected by using specific
equipment. When such interferences are present, the electrical
equipment seems to maintain correct operation but disguises
serious problems that at times are beyond repair.
Even an ordinary light bulb, if overpowered by 10%,
continues to give light, but halves its operating life.
The situation becomes much more serious in the case of
voltage variations on more complicated equipment.
• a computer may become damaged or make unexpected
errors;
• a laser cutting machine undergoes changes in the “laser
beam mode”, resulting in cutting burrs or the shutting off of
the beam;
• a transmitter gives signal distortion and its components
age more quickly;
• an electric drive causes undesired changes in the speed of
the powered motor and damage to the data storage and
power terminals;
• an “electromedical” device gives incorrect results, wastes
expensive reagents and loses the samples to be analysed.

b
a
t
s
o
r
e
t
S

Ministab and Sterostab. The ultimate stabilising target

IREM. Experience and Quality

THE ULTIMATE STABILISING TARGET

b
a
t
s
i
n
i
M

Power supply interferences
and failures

IREM is a leading company in the manufacture of
electromechanical and electronic equipment for the control of
the mains power in the following sectors:
- powering of discharge lamps for professional applications;
- protection of electric users against line disturbances;
- luminous flux regulation in lighting plants;
- power generation by micro hydroelectric plants.
Since its foundation in 1947, IREM has gained wide recognition
due to the reliability and innovative content of its higt-tech
products. A reliable company deserving the Oscar-Award. In 1992,
in Los Angeles, Mario Celso - founder of IREM - was granted
the “Scientific-Technical Award” by the Academy of Motion
Picture Arts and Sciences.
Two production plants, a philosophy based on “quality upgranding”
as the company’s primary concern and direct export exceeding
50% of the global turnover are a warranty of continuity and
development.
Experience, quality and professional skill: these are the factors
that permitted IREM to achieve in 1993 the certification of its
quality system in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001 standard,
a further confirmation of IREM commitment to constant
improvement to ensure the maximum satisfaction of the customer
and its capacity to guarantee:
• a constant quality standard
• precision and repeatability of all working processes
• dropping of acceptance control at the customer’s plant
• identification and traceability of a product through the
years.
In year 2000, IREM obtained the certification of its environment
management system according to UNI EN ISO 14001 standard.
This certification is a firm demonstration of the company’s will
to protect the environment not just through its products, but
also via precise patterns of behaviour.

The wider use of equipment with non linear absorption such
as rectifiers, speed variators, drives, switching power supplies,
has caused, besides traditional and well known voltage
fluctuations, the spreading of a new insidious type of electrical
fault: harmonic distortion.This fault “deceives” traditional
stabilising systems that, in its presence, read wrong input voltage
values. As a consequence a voltage is delivered with an efficient
value that differs from the rated one, becoming greater as the
harmonic distortion of the mains increases.
The new line of Ministab and Sterostab stabilisers are IREM’s
technological and innovative answer to this problem, indicating
the ultimate stabilising target. Today
electric facilities can be supplied with
voltage stabilised to the rated value
for which they have been designed
even in the presence of strong
harmonic distortion.

Figure F

Ministab-Sterostab

Electrodynamic voltage stabilisers

IREM SpA - Via Abegg 75 10050 Borgone - Torino - ITALY
Tel. ++39 011 9648211 - Fax ++39 011 9648222
e-mail: irem@irem.it - www.irem.it

99533613.02

Stamperia Artistica Nazionale THINK ADV - Torino

Figure D

Made in Italy

founder of IREM . Experience and Quality THE ULTIMATE STABILISING TARGET b a t s i n i M Power supply interferences and failures IREM is a leading company in the manufacture of electromechanical and electronic equipment for the control of the mains power in the following sectors: .This fault “deceives” traditional stabilising systems that. Very often the tolerance is insufficient for more sensitive facilities. In year 2000. In 1992. The situation becomes much more serious in the case of voltage variations on more complicated equipment. Other times the mains voltage reaches levels that exceed the foreseen rated value by 15.it . Even an ordinary light bulb.irem. becoming greater as the harmonic distortion of the mains increases. indicating the ultimate stabilising target. IREM has gained wide recognition due to the reliability and innovative content of its higt-tech products. . . continual load variations and disturbances generated by the actual users make it impossible to guarantee every user a steady voltage within the tolerance bandwidth stipulated in the supply contract.www. but also via precise patterns of behaviour. Mario Celso . • an electric drive causes undesired changes in the speed of the powered motor and damage to the data storage and power terminals. besides traditional and well known voltage fluctuations. The new line of Ministab and Sterostab stabilisers are IREM’s technological and innovative answer to this problem.ITALY Tel. in its presence.protection of electric users against line disturbances.Torino Figure D Made in Italy . the electrical equipment seems to maintain correct operation but disguises serious problems that at times are beyond repair. ++39 011 9648211 . This certification is a firm demonstration of the company’s will to protect the environment not just through its products.luminous flux regulation in lighting plants. drives. As a consequence a voltage is delivered with an efficient value that differs from the rated one.was granted the “Scientific-Technical Award” by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. speed variators. When such interferences are present. in Los Angeles. atmospheric conditions.powering of discharge lamps for professional applications. Since its foundation in 1947.power generation by micro hydroelectric plants.Torino .Companies producing electric energy generate the correct voltage. read wrong input voltage values. The wider use of equipment with non linear absorption such as rectifiers. Experience. but halves its operating life. continues to give light. if overpowered by 10%.Fax ++39 011 9648222 e-mail: irem@irem. IREM obtained the certification of its environment management system according to UNI EN ISO 14001 standard.02 Stamperia Artistica Nazionale THINK ADV . • a laser cutting machine undergoes changes in the “laser beam mode”. A reliable company deserving the Oscar-Award. • an “electromedical” device gives incorrect results. The voltage fluctuations are particularly treacherous interferences since they are not seen and can only be detected by using specific equipment. resulting in cutting burrs or the shutting off of the beam. switching power supplies. wastes expensive reagents and loses the samples to be analysed. the spreading of a new insidious type of electrical fault: harmonic distortion. • a transmitter gives signal distortion and its components age more quickly. 20 or even 25%. failures on the line. a further confirmation of IREM commitment to constant improvement to ensure the maximum satisfaction of the customer and its capacity to guarantee: • a constant quality standard • precision and repeatability of all working processes • dropping of acceptance control at the customer’s plant • identification and traceability of a product through the years. Figure F Ministab-Sterostab Electrodynamic voltage stabilisers IREM SpA .Via Abegg 75 10050 Borgone . b a t s o r e t S Ministab and Sterostab. However.it 99533613. . The ultimate stabilising target IREM. quality and professional skill: these are the factors that permitted IREM to achieve in 1993 the certification of its quality system in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001 standard. has caused. Today electric facilities can be supplied with voltage stabilised to the rated value for which they have been designed even in the presence of strong harmonic distortion. a philosophy based on “quality upgranding” as the company’s primary concern and direct export exceeding 50% of the global turnover are a warranty of continuity and development. • a computer may become damaged or make unexpected errors. Two production plants.

When such interferences are present. A reliable company deserving the Oscar-Award. The voltage fluctuations are particularly treacherous interferences since they are not seen and can only be detected by using specific equipment. Two production plants. • an electric drive causes undesired changes in the speed of the powered motor and damage to the data storage and power terminals. In year 2000. . a further confirmation of IREM commitment to constant improvement to ensure the maximum satisfaction of the customer and its capacity to guarantee: • a constant quality standard • precision and repeatability of all working processes • dropping of acceptance control at the customer’s plant • identification and traceability of a product through the years. atmospheric conditions.it 99533613.Companies producing electric energy generate the correct voltage.it .02 Stamperia Artistica Nazionale THINK ADV . wastes expensive reagents and loses the samples to be analysed.protection of electric users against line disturbances. The new line of Ministab and Sterostab stabilisers are IREM’s technological and innovative answer to this problem. Very often the tolerance is insufficient for more sensitive facilities.This fault “deceives” traditional stabilising systems that.www. Since its foundation in 1947. The ultimate stabilising target IREM.Torino Figure D Made in Italy . • an “electromedical” device gives incorrect results.power generation by micro hydroelectric plants. but halves its operating life.irem. b a t s o r e t S Ministab and Sterostab.ITALY Tel. . Mario Celso . Figure F Ministab-Sterostab Electrodynamic voltage stabilisers IREM SpA . switching power supplies. indicating the ultimate stabilising target. resulting in cutting burrs or the shutting off of the beam. The situation becomes much more serious in the case of voltage variations on more complicated equipment. Today electric facilities can be supplied with voltage stabilised to the rated value for which they have been designed even in the presence of strong harmonic distortion. • a computer may become damaged or make unexpected errors. the spreading of a new insidious type of electrical fault: harmonic distortion. besides traditional and well known voltage fluctuations. if overpowered by 10%. The wider use of equipment with non linear absorption such as rectifiers.Fax ++39 011 9648222 e-mail: irem@irem. becoming greater as the harmonic distortion of the mains increases. • a transmitter gives signal distortion and its components age more quickly.Via Abegg 75 10050 Borgone . continues to give light. the electrical equipment seems to maintain correct operation but disguises serious problems that at times are beyond repair. but also via precise patterns of behaviour. ++39 011 9648211 . Experience. in its presence. continual load variations and disturbances generated by the actual users make it impossible to guarantee every user a steady voltage within the tolerance bandwidth stipulated in the supply contract. . quality and professional skill: these are the factors that permitted IREM to achieve in 1993 the certification of its quality system in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001 standard. Other times the mains voltage reaches levels that exceed the foreseen rated value by 15. a philosophy based on “quality upgranding” as the company’s primary concern and direct export exceeding 50% of the global turnover are a warranty of continuity and development.luminous flux regulation in lighting plants. failures on the line.powering of discharge lamps for professional applications. This certification is a firm demonstration of the company’s will to protect the environment not just through its products. Experience and Quality THE ULTIMATE STABILISING TARGET b a t s i n i M Power supply interferences and failures IREM is a leading company in the manufacture of electromechanical and electronic equipment for the control of the mains power in the following sectors: .Torino . has caused. in Los Angeles. drives. • a laser cutting machine undergoes changes in the “laser beam mode”. IREM obtained the certification of its environment management system according to UNI EN ISO 14001 standard. 20 or even 25%.founder of IREM .was granted the “Scientific-Technical Award” by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. As a consequence a voltage is delivered with an efficient value that differs from the rated one. In 1992. IREM has gained wide recognition due to the reliability and innovative content of its higt-tech products. However. Even an ordinary light bulb. read wrong input voltage values. speed variators.

having three separate control circuits. subject to critical environment conditions due to cold. Efficiency At full load the range is from 96% for small models to 98% for the larger units. • special versions fitted with: manual by-pass. M Figure E TI R X THREE-PHASE STABILISERS Y T2 S T = series transformer R = variable autotransformer C = electronic control circuit M = servomotor T Y T3 Z R3 R2 Figure A RI N N M M C3 M C2 CI Low intemal impedance Installation of Ministab and Sterostab in already existing systems does not require new calculations for protections since their internal impedance varying from 0. • capability to compesate wide mains voltage variations (both symmetrical up to ±25%. Upon request we can supply stabilisers with the following characteristics: • single-phase voltages: 100-110-115-127-200-240-265. A controlled deceleration minimises overshoots. A static control circuit drives the variable autotransformer that supplies the required voltage to the series transformer either in phase or phase opposition to bring the mains to the rated value. minimum input voltage value. three-phase voltages: 207-220-230-240-415-440.5 seconds. Y R R Unaffected by frequency variations The servomotor control circuit operates correctly with mains frequency variations up to ±5%. they can support without damage overloads up to 10 times the rated power for 20 milliseconds. individually regulate each phase and are therefore suitable for unbalanced lines and load unbalance between phases up to 100%. 5 times for 0. humidity. Very often it is only necessary to avoid a few minutes machine downtime or just one failure to repay the cost of the stabilisers. Ministab and Sterostab are particularly suitable for applications that require: • high reliability. • stabilising of high power services or with a strong inrush current. Conformity to standards Ministab and Sterostab conform to the requirements of the following standards: Electro Magnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC and following amendments. atmospheric discharges. 277 Volt. Ideal condition for calibration and inspection stands. Operating principles INPUT b a t s o r e t S Applications Figure B Reliability The continual improvements that the Ministab and Sterostab have undergone in over 50 years of activity during which IREM has manufactured over 230. This is a typical requirement of equipment installed in areas that are far from the distribution cabin and in fast developing countries. Operating temperature Ministab and Sterostab have been designed to operate correctly with a maximum environment temperature of 40°C under the worst conditions: continuous operation. The models up to 100 kVA are usually in stock.etc. To use Ministab and Sterostab is a real investment because the elimination of the inconveniences means a reduction in costs and an increase in productivity. • high precision of the stabilised voltage. In fact. • Y models that. and asymmetrical up to +15% 35%). protection against lack and/or reversal of phase. electronic voltage relays. even where strong harmonic distortions are present on the line. compressors. RI C Unaffected by power factor and load variations The Ministab and Sterostab operating principle ensures that the equipment accuracy and regulation speed characteristics remain unaltered under any load conditions.b a t s i n i M b a t s o r e t S Figure C T X SINGLE-PHASE STABILISERS M S C M TI X T2 Y T3 T STABILISED OUTPUT INPUT THREE-PHASE STABILISERS T S R2 Overload capacity A typical characteristic of the Ministab and Sterostab regulation system. ammeters. overload protection. • open frame versions IP 00 or with protection degree IP44. with inductive or capacitive loads. Ministab and Sterostab regulate through a series transformer.52 to 0. such as: motors. Z R3 Negligible waveform distortion The high quality materials and their correct use ensure that harmonic distortion is always less than 0.5% to ±1. Low Voltage Electrical Equipment 73/23/EEC and following amendments. and double for 3 seconds.5%.2% under any working conditions. • with optional enhancements such as: surge arrestors. Most important where it is difficult to find qualified personnel for servicing. soft-start. Accuracy Ministab and Sterostab ensure the “true RMS value” of the voltage with an accuracy range that varies according to the model from ±0. Range Over 140 models with power varying from 1 kVA to 1680 kVA. R b a t s i n i M General features STABILISED OUTPUT Ministab and Sterostab are registered names of two series of electrodynamic voltage stabilisers that offer a reliable and tested economic solution to inconveniences caused by voltage fluctuation. electric furnaces. full load. high temperatures. pumps. • simple and limited maintenance. “tropicalised” versions.015 W does not significantly affect the line impedance.460480-500 Volt • frequency: 60 Hz. Fast response The advanced electronic control circuit ensures a fast response.000 stabilisers have obtained an exceptional MTBF for these devices. professional lighting systems. . from 11 to 50 ms/Volt according to the model. The three-phase stabilisers are available in two versions: • T models which regulate on the average of the three phases and are therefore suitable for balanced lines or for a maximum load unbalance between the phases of 50%. air conditioners. For example they can be installed in areas with difficult access.

• stabilising of high power services or with a strong inrush current. from 11 to 50 ms/Volt according to the model. atmospheric discharges. “tropicalised” versions. Accuracy Ministab and Sterostab ensure the “true RMS value” of the voltage with an accuracy range that varies according to the model from ±0. Ministab and Sterostab are particularly suitable for applications that require: • high reliability.52 to 0. RI C Unaffected by power factor and load variations The Ministab and Sterostab operating principle ensures that the equipment accuracy and regulation speed characteristics remain unaltered under any load conditions. subject to critical environment conditions due to cold. Conformity to standards Ministab and Sterostab conform to the requirements of the following standards: Electro Magnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC and following amendments. • simple and limited maintenance.2% under any working conditions. three-phase voltages: 207-220-230-240-415-440. Range Over 140 models with power varying from 1 kVA to 1680 kVA.5%.b a t s i n i M b a t s o r e t S Figure C T X SINGLE-PHASE STABILISERS M S C M TI X T2 Y T3 T STABILISED OUTPUT INPUT THREE-PHASE STABILISERS T S R2 Overload capacity A typical characteristic of the Ministab and Sterostab regulation system. Efficiency At full load the range is from 96% for small models to 98% for the larger units. minimum input voltage value.etc. humidity. 277 Volt. Ideal condition for calibration and inspection stands. soft-start. ammeters. Most important where it is difficult to find qualified personnel for servicing. A static control circuit drives the variable autotransformer that supplies the required voltage to the series transformer either in phase or phase opposition to bring the mains to the rated value. and double for 3 seconds. Low Voltage Electrical Equipment 73/23/EEC and following amendments. electronic voltage relays. . • with optional enhancements such as: surge arrestors. full load. Fast response The advanced electronic control circuit ensures a fast response. overload protection. • capability to compesate wide mains voltage variations (both symmetrical up to ±25%. individually regulate each phase and are therefore suitable for unbalanced lines and load unbalance between phases up to 100%. compressors. such as: motors. Operating temperature Ministab and Sterostab have been designed to operate correctly with a maximum environment temperature of 40°C under the worst conditions: continuous operation. having three separate control circuits. air conditioners. The models up to 100 kVA are usually in stock. A controlled deceleration minimises overshoots. and asymmetrical up to +15% 35%). protection against lack and/or reversal of phase.000 stabilisers have obtained an exceptional MTBF for these devices. even where strong harmonic distortions are present on the line. The three-phase stabilisers are available in two versions: • T models which regulate on the average of the three phases and are therefore suitable for balanced lines or for a maximum load unbalance between the phases of 50%. To use Ministab and Sterostab is a real investment because the elimination of the inconveniences means a reduction in costs and an increase in productivity.5% to ±1. Y R R Unaffected by frequency variations The servomotor control circuit operates correctly with mains frequency variations up to ±5%. Operating principles INPUT b a t s o r e t S Applications Figure B Reliability The continual improvements that the Ministab and Sterostab have undergone in over 50 years of activity during which IREM has manufactured over 230. 5 times for 0. • open frame versions IP 00 or with protection degree IP44.015 W does not significantly affect the line impedance. professional lighting systems. • special versions fitted with: manual by-pass. In fact. Z R3 Negligible waveform distortion The high quality materials and their correct use ensure that harmonic distortion is always less than 0. For example they can be installed in areas with difficult access. pumps. Very often it is only necessary to avoid a few minutes machine downtime or just one failure to repay the cost of the stabilisers. Ministab and Sterostab regulate through a series transformer. R b a t s i n i M General features STABILISED OUTPUT Ministab and Sterostab are registered names of two series of electrodynamic voltage stabilisers that offer a reliable and tested economic solution to inconveniences caused by voltage fluctuation. high temperatures. This is a typical requirement of equipment installed in areas that are far from the distribution cabin and in fast developing countries. electric furnaces.5 seconds. they can support without damage overloads up to 10 times the rated power for 20 milliseconds. M Figure E TI R X THREE-PHASE STABILISERS Y T2 S T = series transformer R = variable autotransformer C = electronic control circuit M = servomotor T Y T3 Z R3 R2 Figure A RI N N M M C3 M C2 CI Low intemal impedance Installation of Ministab and Sterostab in already existing systems does not require new calculations for protections since their internal impedance varying from 0. • high precision of the stabilised voltage. with inductive or capacitive loads. Upon request we can supply stabilisers with the following characteristics: • single-phase voltages: 100-110-115-127-200-240-265.460480-500 Volt • frequency: 60 Hz. • Y models that.

Operating temperature Ministab and Sterostab have been designed to operate correctly with a maximum environment temperature of 40°C under the worst conditions: continuous operation. • Y models that. pumps. The three-phase stabilisers are available in two versions: • T models which regulate on the average of the three phases and are therefore suitable for balanced lines or for a maximum load unbalance between the phases of 50%. A static control circuit drives the variable autotransformer that supplies the required voltage to the series transformer either in phase or phase opposition to bring the mains to the rated value. with inductive or capacitive loads. Accuracy Ministab and Sterostab ensure the “true RMS value” of the voltage with an accuracy range that varies according to the model from ±0. Ministab and Sterostab are particularly suitable for applications that require: • high reliability. atmospheric discharges. Operating principles INPUT b a t s o r e t S Applications Figure B Reliability The continual improvements that the Ministab and Sterostab have undergone in over 50 years of activity during which IREM has manufactured over 230.etc.52 to 0. three-phase voltages: 207-220-230-240-415-440. Very often it is only necessary to avoid a few minutes machine downtime or just one failure to repay the cost of the stabilisers. 277 Volt. Upon request we can supply stabilisers with the following characteristics: • single-phase voltages: 100-110-115-127-200-240-265. • open frame versions IP 00 or with protection degree IP44. electronic voltage relays.015 W does not significantly affect the line impedance. R b a t s i n i M General features STABILISED OUTPUT Ministab and Sterostab are registered names of two series of electrodynamic voltage stabilisers that offer a reliable and tested economic solution to inconveniences caused by voltage fluctuation. . they can support without damage overloads up to 10 times the rated power for 20 milliseconds.460480-500 Volt • frequency: 60 Hz. Low Voltage Electrical Equipment 73/23/EEC and following amendments. and asymmetrical up to +15% 35%). In fact. and double for 3 seconds.5%. For example they can be installed in areas with difficult access. having three separate control circuits. This is a typical requirement of equipment installed in areas that are far from the distribution cabin and in fast developing countries. The models up to 100 kVA are usually in stock. air conditioners. 5 times for 0. RI C Unaffected by power factor and load variations The Ministab and Sterostab operating principle ensures that the equipment accuracy and regulation speed characteristics remain unaltered under any load conditions. professional lighting systems. overload protection.5 seconds. • high precision of the stabilised voltage. such as: motors. from 11 to 50 ms/Volt according to the model. Y R R Unaffected by frequency variations The servomotor control circuit operates correctly with mains frequency variations up to ±5%.b a t s i n i M b a t s o r e t S Figure C T X SINGLE-PHASE STABILISERS M S C M TI X T2 Y T3 T STABILISED OUTPUT INPUT THREE-PHASE STABILISERS T S R2 Overload capacity A typical characteristic of the Ministab and Sterostab regulation system. Fast response The advanced electronic control circuit ensures a fast response. M Figure E TI R X THREE-PHASE STABILISERS Y T2 S T = series transformer R = variable autotransformer C = electronic control circuit M = servomotor T Y T3 Z R3 R2 Figure A RI N N M M C3 M C2 CI Low intemal impedance Installation of Ministab and Sterostab in already existing systems does not require new calculations for protections since their internal impedance varying from 0. • with optional enhancements such as: surge arrestors.000 stabilisers have obtained an exceptional MTBF for these devices. • capability to compesate wide mains voltage variations (both symmetrical up to ±25%.5% to ±1. • simple and limited maintenance. high temperatures. Conformity to standards Ministab and Sterostab conform to the requirements of the following standards: Electro Magnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC and following amendments. minimum input voltage value. Range Over 140 models with power varying from 1 kVA to 1680 kVA. Ideal condition for calibration and inspection stands. Most important where it is difficult to find qualified personnel for servicing. full load. protection against lack and/or reversal of phase. individually regulate each phase and are therefore suitable for unbalanced lines and load unbalance between phases up to 100%. “tropicalised” versions. humidity. Ministab and Sterostab regulate through a series transformer. Z R3 Negligible waveform distortion The high quality materials and their correct use ensure that harmonic distortion is always less than 0. compressors. • special versions fitted with: manual by-pass. ammeters. subject to critical environment conditions due to cold. Efficiency At full load the range is from 96% for small models to 98% for the larger units. soft-start. A controlled deceleration minimises overshoots. • stabilising of high power services or with a strong inrush current.2% under any working conditions. even where strong harmonic distortions are present on the line. To use Ministab and Sterostab is a real investment because the elimination of the inconveniences means a reduction in costs and an increase in productivity. electric furnaces.

pumps. Very often it is only necessary to avoid a few minutes machine downtime or just one failure to repay the cost of the stabilisers. For example they can be installed in areas with difficult access. Operating temperature Ministab and Sterostab have been designed to operate correctly with a maximum environment temperature of 40°C under the worst conditions: continuous operation. Upon request we can supply stabilisers with the following characteristics: • single-phase voltages: 100-110-115-127-200-240-265. Ministab and Sterostab regulate through a series transformer. Fast response The advanced electronic control circuit ensures a fast response. Z R3 Negligible waveform distortion The high quality materials and their correct use ensure that harmonic distortion is always less than 0. with inductive or capacitive loads. having three separate control circuits. Most important where it is difficult to find qualified personnel for servicing.000 stabilisers have obtained an exceptional MTBF for these devices. individually regulate each phase and are therefore suitable for unbalanced lines and load unbalance between phases up to 100%. Low Voltage Electrical Equipment 73/23/EEC and following amendments. overload protection. Efficiency At full load the range is from 96% for small models to 98% for the larger units. R b a t s i n i M General features STABILISED OUTPUT Ministab and Sterostab are registered names of two series of electrodynamic voltage stabilisers that offer a reliable and tested economic solution to inconveniences caused by voltage fluctuation. minimum input voltage value. soft-start. air conditioners. electronic voltage relays. • with optional enhancements such as: surge arrestors. Operating principles INPUT b a t s o r e t S Applications Figure B Reliability The continual improvements that the Ministab and Sterostab have undergone in over 50 years of activity during which IREM has manufactured over 230. protection against lack and/or reversal of phase.2% under any working conditions. • special versions fitted with: manual by-pass. Range Over 140 models with power varying from 1 kVA to 1680 kVA. RI C Unaffected by power factor and load variations The Ministab and Sterostab operating principle ensures that the equipment accuracy and regulation speed characteristics remain unaltered under any load conditions. • high precision of the stabilised voltage. “tropicalised” versions. • Y models that. Conformity to standards Ministab and Sterostab conform to the requirements of the following standards: Electro Magnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC and following amendments.b a t s i n i M b a t s o r e t S Figure C T X SINGLE-PHASE STABILISERS M S C M TI X T2 Y T3 T STABILISED OUTPUT INPUT THREE-PHASE STABILISERS T S R2 Overload capacity A typical characteristic of the Ministab and Sterostab regulation system. even where strong harmonic distortions are present on the line. and asymmetrical up to +15% 35%). A static control circuit drives the variable autotransformer that supplies the required voltage to the series transformer either in phase or phase opposition to bring the mains to the rated value. ammeters. • capability to compesate wide mains voltage variations (both symmetrical up to ±25%. Ideal condition for calibration and inspection stands. In fact. they can support without damage overloads up to 10 times the rated power for 20 milliseconds. high temperatures. Y R R Unaffected by frequency variations The servomotor control circuit operates correctly with mains frequency variations up to ±5%. 5 times for 0. such as: motors. professional lighting systems. This is a typical requirement of equipment installed in areas that are far from the distribution cabin and in fast developing countries. The models up to 100 kVA are usually in stock. Accuracy Ministab and Sterostab ensure the “true RMS value” of the voltage with an accuracy range that varies according to the model from ±0. • stabilising of high power services or with a strong inrush current.5% to ±1. subject to critical environment conditions due to cold. from 11 to 50 ms/Volt according to the model.etc. • simple and limited maintenance. and double for 3 seconds. three-phase voltages: 207-220-230-240-415-440. To use Ministab and Sterostab is a real investment because the elimination of the inconveniences means a reduction in costs and an increase in productivity. full load.5%. M Figure E TI R X THREE-PHASE STABILISERS Y T2 S T = series transformer R = variable autotransformer C = electronic control circuit M = servomotor T Y T3 Z R3 R2 Figure A RI N N M M C3 M C2 CI Low intemal impedance Installation of Ministab and Sterostab in already existing systems does not require new calculations for protections since their internal impedance varying from 0. A controlled deceleration minimises overshoots. atmospheric discharges. 277 Volt.015 W does not significantly affect the line impedance. compressors. Ministab and Sterostab are particularly suitable for applications that require: • high reliability. electric furnaces. .5 seconds. The three-phase stabilisers are available in two versions: • T models which regulate on the average of the three phases and are therefore suitable for balanced lines or for a maximum load unbalance between the phases of 50%. • open frame versions IP 00 or with protection degree IP44.460480-500 Volt • frequency: 60 Hz. humidity.52 to 0.

In 1992. has caused. switching power supplies.ITALY Tel. IREM has gained wide recognition due to the reliability and innovative content of its higt-tech products. continual load variations and disturbances generated by the actual users make it impossible to guarantee every user a steady voltage within the tolerance bandwidth stipulated in the supply contract. drives. .www. This certification is a firm demonstration of the company’s will to protect the environment not just through its products.powering of discharge lamps for professional applications. read wrong input voltage values. in its presence. if overpowered by 10%. a philosophy based on “quality upgranding” as the company’s primary concern and direct export exceeding 50% of the global turnover are a warranty of continuity and development. • a laser cutting machine undergoes changes in the “laser beam mode”. • an “electromedical” device gives incorrect results. Experience and Quality THE ULTIMATE STABILISING TARGET b a t s i n i M Power supply interferences and failures IREM is a leading company in the manufacture of electromechanical and electronic equipment for the control of the mains power in the following sectors: .it 99533613. Very often the tolerance is insufficient for more sensitive facilities. failures on the line. speed variators. but also via precise patterns of behaviour. • a computer may become damaged or make unexpected errors. . IREM obtained the certification of its environment management system according to UNI EN ISO 14001 standard. The wider use of equipment with non linear absorption such as rectifiers.This fault “deceives” traditional stabilising systems that. a further confirmation of IREM commitment to constant improvement to ensure the maximum satisfaction of the customer and its capacity to guarantee: • a constant quality standard • precision and repeatability of all working processes • dropping of acceptance control at the customer’s plant • identification and traceability of a product through the years.Companies producing electric energy generate the correct voltage. resulting in cutting burrs or the shutting off of the beam. quality and professional skill: these are the factors that permitted IREM to achieve in 1993 the certification of its quality system in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001 standard. In year 2000. • an electric drive causes undesired changes in the speed of the powered motor and damage to the data storage and power terminals. indicating the ultimate stabilising target. 20 or even 25%. When such interferences are present. The voltage fluctuations are particularly treacherous interferences since they are not seen and can only be detected by using specific equipment. . Figure F Ministab-Sterostab Electrodynamic voltage stabilisers IREM SpA . A reliable company deserving the Oscar-Award. besides traditional and well known voltage fluctuations. Experience.it . The ultimate stabilising target IREM. becoming greater as the harmonic distortion of the mains increases. The situation becomes much more serious in the case of voltage variations on more complicated equipment. As a consequence a voltage is delivered with an efficient value that differs from the rated one. The new line of Ministab and Sterostab stabilisers are IREM’s technological and innovative answer to this problem.irem. in Los Angeles.luminous flux regulation in lighting plants. the spreading of a new insidious type of electrical fault: harmonic distortion.Via Abegg 75 10050 Borgone .Fax ++39 011 9648222 e-mail: irem@irem.02 Stamperia Artistica Nazionale THINK ADV . Even an ordinary light bulb. However.Torino . atmospheric conditions. b a t s o r e t S Ministab and Sterostab. but halves its operating life.protection of electric users against line disturbances.was granted the “Scientific-Technical Award” by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. continues to give light. wastes expensive reagents and loses the samples to be analysed. Today electric facilities can be supplied with voltage stabilised to the rated value for which they have been designed even in the presence of strong harmonic distortion. the electrical equipment seems to maintain correct operation but disguises serious problems that at times are beyond repair. Two production plants. ++39 011 9648211 . Since its foundation in 1947. • a transmitter gives signal distortion and its components age more quickly.Torino Figure D Made in Italy .power generation by micro hydroelectric plants.founder of IREM . Other times the mains voltage reaches levels that exceed the foreseen rated value by 15. Mario Celso .