Process Control Function

• Process Control methods are roughly classified in to two
categories.

• Loop Control and
• Sequential Control
• Loop control handles analog measured values (including
Feedback control and Feed forward control)

• Sequential Control handles operating sequences and
process status signals.

Process Control Methodologies
• Feedback control is a control in which the controller
continuously checks the deviation between the input and
the set point and always corrects the input to match the
set point.
• Feed forward Control is a control in which corrective
action is taken by measuring the disturbance and directly
driving the final control element before it affects the
process.

• Sequential Control is a control which successively
advances each control step in accordance with a
predefined sequence.

Basic Loop Transmitter 4-20 mA I/P Convertor SV PV MV Controller 4-20 mA I/P Pneumatic Signal (0.2 to 1 Kg/cm2 or 3 to 15 psi) Final Control Element .

Digital Control Systems Digital Control system uses microprocessors to do the control function.Process Control Systems A process control system comprises of multiple simple and complex control loops. Process control systems are primarily classified into Analog Control Systems Analog control system uses Operational amplifiers to do the control function. . Digital control systems are preferred over analog control systems since it is easy to interface with Computers for data analysis.

Analog Control System Analog Control System Operational Amplifier Transmitter Signal Conversion 1 to 5V DC 4-20 mA DC I/P Set Point Final Control Element .

Digital Control System Digital Control System Memory Unit Signal Conversion &A / D 4-20 mA DC D/A I/P Digital Control Unit Input Unit Output Unit Processor Arithmetic Unit Set Point .

Digital Control System • Digital Control Systems are further classified into Centralized Control Systems (CCS) Distributed Control Systems (DCS) Let us understand the basics of CCS and DCS. their merits and demerits. .

Centralized Control System Centralized Control System Centralized Control . Centralized Monitoring PV1 Input Signals from Field PV2 PV3 MV1 Centralized Processing MV2 MV3 Unit PVn MVn CPU SV1 SV2 SV3 Set Points SVn Output Signals to Field .

Distributed Control System Distributed Control System Distributed Control PV1 Input Signals from Field Centralized Monitoring MV1 FCS PV8 MV8 SV8 SV1 PV9 MV9 Output Signals to Field FCS PV16 OPS OPS MV16 SV16 SV9 PV17 MV17 FCS PVn MVn SV17 SVn Set Points Communication Bus .

.

• Advantages of DCS for steam turbine • DCS for steam turbine has two partitions :Control & Protection • Supervisory systems : • Turbine stress evaluator : keeps acceleration less than limits – increased availability • Automatic turbine Run-UP system • Performance calculations • Heat Rate • Historians • Report generators • Automatic speed control • Automatic load control • Common co-ordinated Boiler – Turbine control operation .

ProControl DCS at NTPC .

.  Data transfer with in the control system is cyclic without interrupts. selectable during the engineering stage and there is no possibility of communication channels being overloaded during a plant upset.ProControl DCS at NTPC Introduction  The PROCONTROL P is fast with total loop response times selectable 20ms/40ms from signal input to control signal output making it ideal for the exacting demands of turbine governor control and protection. The response time for each signal is thus deterministic.

which transmit real time data with a very high information bit rate. true cyclic working bus systems.Introduction The programmable control and monitoring system PROCONTROL P consists of:  PROCONTROL P Station (Signal conversion and signal processing)  PROCONTROL P Intra Plant Bus (Signal transport) Both bus systems are based on the same data transmission principles and are fast. .

Remote Bus Coupler 2. RBC . IDM . IP .Procontrol P Station The Procontrol station is fitted with 1. OP . LBTD . SIF .Process Output Module 6.Individual Drive Control Module 7.Process Input Module 5.Serial Interface Module . PRM .Local Bus Traffic Director 3.Universal Processing Module 4.

DATA TRANSMISSION
THE DATA TRANSMISSION OF PROCONTROL P13 IS PERFORMED
WITH TWO LEVEL SERIAL BUS
SYSTEMS
 LOCAL BUS
 INTRAPLANT BUS ( IPB )

Local Bus
The local bus is the heart of every station and connects all modules within the station.
The local bus itself is a printed circuit board, which is permanently fitted to the rear of the subracks.

Local Bus
LOCAL BUS PCB (70BL01) HAS SEVEN LINES







AD :
DN :
DI :
CK :
US :
ZD :
Z :

ADDRESS
DATA OR INFORMATION
INVERTED DATA OR INFORMATION
CLOCK SIGNAL
24V DC POWER SUPPLY
REFERENCE CONDUCTOR FOR BUS SIGNAL
FOR REFERENCE CONDUCTOR

Local Bus  The data exchange within the station is made via the local bus and is controlled by the local bus traffic director 70BV01/05 which transmits address words serially and cyclically via the address line of the local bus  Each input/output or processing module in the station compares the address on the local bus for coincidence with its own address set with code switches / IL. the modules send / receive information under the following address to the data lines of the local bus. If identical. .

00 to FF and S00 to SFF .  Based on the cycle time selected in BV it transmits address in address bus cyclically. 00 to 3F 10 msec allows the transmission of 128 addresses.Local Bus  A clock signal transmitted by the local bus traffic director 70BV01/05 over the clock line of the local bus synchronizes the operation of all individual modules. 00 to FF and 4 service add 40 msec allows the transmission of 256 normal & 256 service/special address (70BV05). 5 msec allows the transmission of 64 addresses. 00 to 7F and 2 service add 20 msec allows the transmission of 256 addresses.

Local bus within a subrack Local bus linking two subracks Local bus linking more than two subracks in the same cubicle 70BV01/70BV05 : local bus traffic director 70BL01 70BA01 : Bus end module : Bus circuit board 70BL02: Bus cable between subracks .Local Bus The local bus 70BL01 can be extended beyond a Single subrack by fitting prefabricated elements.

Local Bus 70BV01/BV05: local bus traffic director 70BL01 : Bus circuit board 70BL02 : Bus cable between subracks 70BL03 : Bus cable between cubicles 70BT01 : Bus isolating amplifier 70BA01 : Bus end module 70BA02 : Bus access module .

CONFIGURATION 2.Local Bus: System Data 1. 30 MTR MAX.C. 64 A) SERVICE ADDRESS B) USEFUL ADDRESSES PER CYCLE (CYCLE TIME 40 ms) 2 EVERY 10 ms 256 F) TRANSMISSION MEANS WITHIN SUBRACK B/N TWO SUBRACK B/N TWO CUBICLES MAX.B 70BL01 ROUND CABLE 70BL02 ROUND CABLE 70BL03 . DATA TRANSMISSION A) LENGTH OF LOCAL BUS LINE B) WITH ADITIONAL MODULE C) NO OF MODULES PER LOCAL BUS D) DISTANCE B/N IPB BUS ACCESS COUPLER AND LOCAL BUS/IPB COUPLER MAX. 3 MTR P. 3 MTR MAX.

the process computer and the diagnostic station.PROCONTROL P Intra Plant Bus The intra plant bus links all stations with local buses of one channel. .

.PROCONTROL P Intra Plant Bus • The intra plant bus consists of a coaxial cable which is connected to the intra plant bus access couplers of the stations in a line configuration.

Intra Plant Bus: Modules – FV Interface IPB #1 Line A IPB XV IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR XV XV XV IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR XV FV: Intraplant bus traffic director 70FV01 XV: Intraplant bus coupler XV 7713 IPB # 1 Line B .

It is plugged into the intra plant bus coupling module XV 7713.Intra Plant Bus: Modules . It is plugged into the intra plant bus coupling module XV 7713. The module is plugged into the intra plant bus coupler XV 7713. Intraplant bus input module XV 7718 for addresses The module XV 7718 transmits the address signals from the intra plant bus traffic director to the coaxial cable of the intra plant bus. Intraplant bus coupling module XV 7717 XV 7717 serves to transmit data and address signals from the intra plant bus to the connected local bus & to transmit data signals from the local bus to the connected intra plant bus.XV Intraplant bus power supply module XV 7715 The power supply module XV 7715 serves to supply the intra plant bus. .

Intra Plant Bus: Modules – XV7713 .

FA. BK interface & DATA EXCHANGE B/N LOCAL BUS AND IPB IPB L O C A L B U S LOCAL/IPB BUS COUPLER(BK02) XV XV 70 FV01 70 FA01 L O C A L B U S LOCAL/IPB BUS COUPLER(BK02) 70 FK01 70 FK01 LINE#A LINE#B . FK.

FK. BK interface .FA.

LOCAL / INTRA-PLANT BUS XV1 STATION -1 BUS LOCAL/ IPB COUPLER PROCESSOR 70FV01 I/O MODULE TRAFFIC DIRECTOR LOCAL BUS INTRA PLANT BUS BUS 70FA01 LOCAL/ IPB COUPLER PROCESSOR DRIVE CONTROL I/O MODULE TRAFFIC DIRECTOR LOCAL BUS BUS 70FA01 LOCAL/ IPB COUPLER PROCESSOR DRIVE CONTROL I/O MODULE TRAFFIC DIRECTOR STATION -2 .

TYPE CHARACTERISTICS IMPEDANCE MAX. OF STATIONS 60 MICRO SECONDS 204. 64 1024 256 X NO. OF INTRA-PLANT BUS LINES B) LENTH FROM ADDRESS TRANSMITTER C) NUMBER OF STATIONS PER INTRAPLANT BUS LINE D) NUMBER OF STATIONS PER ENTIRE CONTROL SYSTEM A) NUMBER OF ADDRESS FOR MAXIMUM OF 64 STATIONS B) TIME REQUIRED TO TRANSMIT 1 TELEGRAM C) INFORMATION RATE D) SIGNAL CODE E) AMPLITUDE F) DATA SECURITY F) TRANSMISSION MEANS COXIAL CABLE.Intra Plant Bus: Data sheet 1.10V PARITY BIT RG 213 U 50 Ohm .CONFIGURATION 2. 8 KBAUD DPDM +. 16 MAX. 1400 MTR MAX. DATA TRANSMISSION A) NO.

PROCONTROL P-13 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE AT TSTPS -II OWS 1 STATION IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR HUB 1 IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR 70FV01 70FV05 70FV01 OWS 2 OWS 3 OWS 4 HUB 2 70FV01 70FV01 70FV01 70FV01 SERVER 1 XV SERVER 2 XV IPB # 1A DIAGNOSTIC IPB # 1B IPB # 2A STATION WSPOSE PANEL IPB # 2B 70FA01 BUS TRAFFIC DIRECTOR 70BV05 V 70FA01 BUS COUPLER 70BK02 BUS COUPLER 70BK02 LOCAL BUS BUS END MODULE 70BA01 INDIVIDUAL CONTROL MCC STATION ANALOG INPUT ANALOG OUTPUT E P ~ PROCESSOR 70PR05 BINARY INPUT BINARY OUTPUT .

PROCONTROL MODULES • PROCESS CONTROL MODULES • INPUT / OUTPUT MODULES • DRIVE CONTROL MODULE • LOCAL BUS MODULE • IPB MODULE .

PROCESS CONTROL MODULES PROCONTROL HAVE TWO BASIC TYPES OF CONTROL MODULES  INDIVIDUAL CONTROL MODULES  UNIVERSAL PROCESSING MODULES THESE MODULES ARE CONNECTED TO LOCAL BUS.ONE OR SEVERAL OF THEM CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE SAME BUS OR TO VARIOUS ONES .

on/off. final control element (Valves.modulating) .pumps.PROCESS CONTROL MODULES INDIVIDUAL CONTROL MODULES/ DRIVE CONTROL MODULE Optional hardware connection to control room Interface I/o Microprocessor I/o Signal from/to process.

PROCESS CONTROL MODULES DRIVE CONTROL MODULE TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70AS04  DRIVE CONTROL MODULE TO PROCESS CONTROL TASK PROGRAMMABLE IN PROCONTROL P10 LANGUAGE  6 BINARY INPUTS. 2 COMMAND OUTPUTS AND 5 LAMP OUTUTS ARE PROVIDED  ANNUNCIATION AVAILABLE FOR ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND DRIVE SYSTEM  EPROM(2732) AVAILABLE FOR PROGRAMMNG IMPLEMENT SOFTWARE TYPE 70 AS 45/46/47 . 9 CONTACT INPUTS.

5 LAMP OUTUTS. 10 CONTACT INPUTS. 3 ANALOG OUTPUT ARE PROVIDED  ANNUNCIATION AVAILABLE FOR ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND DRIVE SYSTEM  EPROM(2732) AVAILABLE FOR PROGRAMMNG .PROCESS CONTROL MODULES DRIVE CONTROL MODULE TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70AS06 (70AS65/67)  DRIVE CONTROL MODULE TO PROCESS CONTROL TASK PROGRAMMABLE IN PROCONTROL P10 LANGUAGE  6 BINARY INPUTS. 2 COMMAND OUTPUTS. 1 ANALOG INPUT.

PROCESS CONTROL MODULES PROCESSOR MODULE SUPERVISION POWER SUPPLY LOCAL BUS INTERFACE DATA BUS SIMULATION MEMORY ADDRESS BUS I/O REGISTER PROCESING UNIT DATA MEMORY CONTROL UNIT ADDRESS BUS TEST MEMORY INSTRUCTION LIST MULTI FUNCTION LIST CODE BUS SIM .

PROCESS CONTROL MODULES PROGRAMMABLE PROCESSOR TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70PR05  PROCESSING OF BINARY AND ANALOG SIGNAL FOR LOGIC CONTROL .MODULATING CONTROL AND COMPUTING FUNCTION ACCORDING TO INSTRUCTION LIST  PARAMETER CAN BE CHANGED ON LINE WITHOUT PROGRAM MODIFICATION  2 SOCKET FOR OPERATION WITH SIMULATION AND PROGRAMMING UNIT  1CODE SWITCH FOR SETTING MODULE ADDRESS  EPROMS AVAILABLE FOR BASIC FUNCTIONS/INSTRUCTION LINE/MULTIFUNCTION  RAM FOR STARAGE OF PARAMETER VALUE IN THE EVENT OF POWER FAILURE  SIMULATION CAN BE POSSIBLE FOR LOCAL BUS DATA .

PROCESS CONTROL MODULES PROGRAMMABLE PROCESSOR:PR05 .

Input / Output Modules             70AA01 Output Module for Voltages 70AA02 Output Module for Currents 70AB01 Output Module for Binary Signals 70AB02 Output Module for Binary Signals (potentially isolated) 70EA01 Input Module for Voltages and Currents 70EA02 Input Module for 2-Wire Transducers 70EA05 Input Module for Thermocouples or RTDs 70EB01 Input Module for Binary Signals 70EB02 Input Module for Contacts 70EB03 Input Module for Supervised Contacts 70EB10 Input Module for Event Recording 70EI05 Input Medule for Rotational Speed .

Input / Output Modules 70AA01 Output Module for Voltages The module serves for the output of analog signals from the PROCONTROL P13 local bus. The 4 output channels may be configured to supply the following current signals:  0 mA to +20 mA (corresponding to 0 % to +100 %)  +4 mA to +20 mA (corresponding to 0 % to +100 %) . Each of the 4 output channels supplies a voltage signal in the range of:  -10 V to +10 V (corresponding to -100 % to +100 %) 70AA02 Output Module for Currents The module serves for the output of analog signals from the PROCONTROL P13 local bus.

.module having 16 output channels.Input / Output Modules 70AB01 Output Module for Binary Signals The module serves for the output of binary signals from the PROCONTROL P13 local bus. Each of the 16 output channels may be loaded as follows:  Max. The modules serves the purpose of controlling electronic modules in-outs. 100 mA at 24 V nominal voltage  Inductive load with a nominal current of max. 100 mA at 24 V nominal voltage 70AB02 Output Module for Binary Signals (potentially isolated) The module serves for the output of binary signals from the PROCONTROL P13 local bus. 50 Normal loads (Electronic inputs with a load of 15 kΏ)  Resistive load with a nominal current of max.relays & lamps by means of potential free contacts.

Input / Output Modules 70EA01 Input Module for Voltages and Currents The module serves as input device for analog signals to the PROCONTROL P13 local bus.988 to 0 %) or 0 V to +10 V (corresponding to -199. Three different versions are available:  R 1: With 4 input channels to be configured for: -20 mA to +20 mA (corresponding to -100 % to +100 %) or -10 V to +10 V (corresponding to -100 % to +100 %)  R2: With 4 input channels configured for: -10 V to +10 V (± 5 V corresponds to ±100 %)  R3: With 4 input channels to be configured for: 0 mA to +20 mA (corresponding to -199.988 to 0 %) .

Input / Output Modules 70EA02 Input Module for 2-Wire Transducers The module serves as input device for analog signals to the PROCONTROL P13 local bus. Each of the 4 input channels may be configured to accept one of the following signals:  4 mA to +20 mA from 2-wire transducers (power supply by the input module)  0 mA to +20 mA from 4-wire transducers (external power supply) .

The 16 input channels with an interrogation voltage of 24 V may be used for the connection of:  16 standard binary signals  16 single pole contacts  8 double throw contacts 70EB02 Input Module for Contacts The module serves as input device for contacts to the PROCONTROL P13 local bus.Input / Output Modules 70EB01 Input Module for Binary Signals The module serves as input device for contacts to the PROCONTROL P13 local bus. The 16 input channels with an interrogation voltage of 48 V may be used for the connection of the following contacts:  16 single pole contacts·  8 double throw contacts .

The 5 input channels with an interrogation voltage of 48 V may be used for the connection of the following contacts: • 5 single pole contacts or • 5 double throw contacts 70EI05 Input Module for Rotational Speed The module converts input pulse signals from speed transmitters into frequency proportional local bus and current signals.Input / Output Modules 70EB03 Input Module for Supervised Contacts The module serves as input device for supervised contacts to the PROCONTROL P13 local bus.  The module may be configured to the following ranges: Nominal frequency Nominal number of teeth Over speed protection Limit value fortrip Over speed protection Trip limit bias - 244 Hz to 20 kHz 1 to 255 100 to 120 % 0 to 10 % .

Local bus Modules TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70BA01  BUS END MODULE USED AT THE END OF THE LOCAL BUS FOR MATCHING INE IMPEDANCE ADDITIONAL SUPPLY TO THE BUS LINE 70BA02  BUS ACCES MODULE FOR CONNECTING BUS CABLE WHEN THE LOCAL BUS CONNECTED FORM CUBICAL TO CUBICAL  SOCKET ON THE FRONT FOR BUS CABLE 70BL01 BUS CIRCUIT BOARD BUS PCB WITH CONNECTOR BUS LINE SOCKET FOR BUS CABLE POSSIBILITY FOR FITTING SEVERAL BUS SOCKET 70BL02 BUS CABLE SUBTRACK /SUBTRACK LINK THE BUS PCB OF TWO SUBRACK CABLE UP TO 3M LONG .

Local bus Modules TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70BL03  BUS CABLE CUBICAL/CUBICAL LINK THE BUS PCB OF TWO CUBICALS  CABLE UP TO 30M LONG 70BT01  BUS ISOLATION AMPLIFIER  SOCKET ON THE FRONT FOR BUS CABLE 70BV01 BUS TRAFFIC DIRECTOR CONTROL EXCHANGE B/N MODULE CONNECTED TO LOCAL BUS PLUG IN JUMPER SETTING FOR CYCLE PERIOD  JACK FOR FORCE INTERRUPT OR ADDRESS TRANSMISSION LED FOR INDICATION OF OPERATION .

IPB Modules TYPE APPLICATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION 70FA01  IPB ACCESS COUPLER CONNECT NORMAL LOCAL BUS STATION WITH INTRA PLANT BUS COUPLING BY THE WAY OF MULTICORE INTERCONNECTING CABLE  SERVE FOR TRANSFER DATA SIGNAL IN TO INTRAPLANT BUS CABLE  FOR TRANSFER OF ADDRES AND DATA FROM INTRAPLANT BUS CABLE TO LOCAL BUS CABLE 70FK01 IPB COUPLER USE TO CONNECT LOCAL BUS STATION NOT CONTAINING THE IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR USE TO TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION OF ADDRESS AND DATA SIGNAL TO FROM IPB CABLE 70FV01 IPB TRAFFIC DIRECTOR MANAGE THE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION SEQUENCE  OPERATE IN SINGAL AND REDUNDANT MODE  FITTED IN TO LOCAL BUS SUBRACK  GENERATE MAXIMUM 4000 ADDRESS WORD TRANSMITTED CYCLIC IN 8 DIFFERENT SEQUENCE .

SIGNALS GETTING SIMULATED ON THEIR OWN. • LINE – A FAULT / LINE-B FAULT IS BEING ANNUNCIATED BY ALL THE BK02 OF AN IPB AND LINE-A / LINE-B TOGGLING. . • IN THE PROCESSOR (70PR05). • PROCESSOR CHANGEOVER PROBLEM.Problems observed • DATA RELATED TO ONE/FEW CARDS IS BAD • DATA RELATED TO ONE LOCAL BUS IS BAD • IN 70BK02 LINE CHANGE-OVER (A TO B OR VICE-VERSA) NOT TAKING PLACE.

REPLACE BY SPARE. IDENTIFY & REMOVE THE CARD. . IDENTIFY & REMOVE THE CARD. 3 IF SIGNAL IS GOOD AT LB THEN ADDRESS CONFIGURATION IN MMI IS WRONG.REPLACE BY SPARE. 2 CARD IS FLOATING DATA ON AN ADDRESS OTHER THAN SET ON IT.DATA RELATED TO ONE/FEW CARD IS BAD S.N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 CARD IS NOT FLOATING DATA ON LOCAL BUS. CORRECT THE MMI ADDRESS CONFIGURATION .

FK01 IS DEFECTIVE MAKE THE HEALTHY LINE ACTIVE IN ALL THE BK02 & BOTH WSPOSE OF THAT IPB. PR05 OR BK02) IS TRYING TO FLOAT DATA FOR ALL THE ADDRESSES. IDENTIFY (BY PULLING ONE BY ONE) THE CARD AND REPLACE BY SPARE 4 . AS06. WHEREAS DATA IN LB IS GOOD. IF ALL THE DATA IS BAD IN THE LB. ONE SERVER IS SHOWING DATA AS BAD BUT OTHER IS SHOWING AS GOOD. A DEFECTIVE CARD (AS04. BK02 IS PARTLY DEFECTIVE. BK02 CARD GOT DEFECTIVE REMOVE THE CARD & REPLACE BY SPARE 2 WITH SAME CONDITION AS ABOVE.DATA RELATED TO ONE LOCAL BUS (STATION) IS BAD S. REPLACE THE FK01. REMOVE BK02 & REPLACE BY SPARE 3 IF PROBLEM STILL THERE.N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 IF IN ONE WSPOSE PANEL LINE-A & IN OTHER LINE-B IS ACTIVE & BOTH THE MMI SERVERS ARE SHOWING DATA OF A PARTICULAR STN AS BAD.

TO IDENTIFY THE DEFECTIVE FK01.N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 ONE OF THE BK02 IS DEFECTIVE IDENTIFY & REPLACE THE DEFECTIVE BK02. ONE BY ONE ALL THE BK02 HAVE TO BE RACKED OUT TILL LINE C/O STARTS TAKING PLACE. TO IDENTIFY THE DEFECTIVE BK02. ONE BY ONE ALL THE BK02 HAVE TO BE RACKED OUT TILL LINE C/O STARTS TAKING PLACE.BK02 LINE CHANGE-OVER (A TO B OR VICE-VERSA) NOT TAKING PLACE IN AN IPB. 3 IPB TERMINATIONS IN THE FA01 MODULES ARE LOOSE SOMEWHERE INSPECT & TIGHTEN THE LOOSE TERMINATION 4 IPB END TERMINATION RESISTORS / CAPACITOR ARE DRY SOLDERED / DEFECTIVE INSPECT THE END TERMINATIONS AND RECTIFY THE FAULT NOTE: THIS PROBLEM PREFERABLY SHALL BE ATTENDED DURING AN OPPORTUNITY UNIT S/D. S.) . TILL THEN ENSURE THAT THE HEALTHY LINE IS ACTIVE IN ALL THE BK02 & BOTH WSPOSE OF THAT IPB. 2 ONE OF THE FK01 IS DEFECTIVE IDENTIFY & REPLACE THE DEFECTIVE FK01.

S.LINE-A FAULT / LINE-B FAULT IS BEING ANNUNCIATED BY ALL THE BK02 OF AN IPB AND LINE-A / LINE-B TOGGLING. ONE BY ONE ALL THE BK02 HAVE TO BE RACKED OUT TILL TOGGLING STOPS. REPLACE IT. THAT ONE IS DEFECTIVE REMOVE BK02 & REPLACE BY SPARE. 2 SAME STATION ADDRESS HAS BEEN SET TO TWO BK02 INSPECT ADDRESS SWITCHES SETTINGS FOR CORRECTNESS & RECTIFY THE ERROR 3 ONE BK02 IS DEFECTIVE TO IDENTIFY THE DEFECTIVE BK02. .N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 IF ANNUNCIATIONS ARE COMING FROM ALL BUT ONE BK02.

WITH EVEN NO. WITH ODD NO. NOT GOING TO STAND-BY MODE WHILE TRYING CHANGE-OVER. .N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 PROGRAM IN BOTH THE PR05 ARE NOT IDENTICAL COPY PROGRAM OF PR#1 IN PR#2 2 PROBLEM STILL PERSISTING REPLACE THE MODULE. S. OR STANDBY PROCESSOR (70PR05).ACTIVE PROCESSOR (70PR05). ADDRESS. ADDRESS. NOT BECOMING ACTIVE WHILE TRYING CHANGE-OVER.

THE PR05 CARD IS DEFECTIVE REMOVE THE CARD & REPLACE BY SPARE.IN THE PROCESSOR (70PR05). PROCESSOR’S FRONT CONNECTOR’S CENTRAL GROUNDING PIN GOT DISCONNECTED FROM PCB OR GOT FLARED TOO MUCH. .N PROBABLE REASON ACTION TO BE TAKEN 1 IF PROBLEM IS OCCURRING ONLY WHEN CONNECTING THE SK06 KIT. S. 2 IF PROBLEM IS OCCURRING ON ITS OWN. REMOVE THE CARD & REPLACE BY SPARE. SIGNALS GETTING SIMULATED ON THEIR OWN.