740.

Which of the following best describes why alpha-particles travel only a
short distance in air?
radioactive decay.
741.
A nucleus decays by the emission of an electron. What are the mass (nuc
leon) number and the atomic (proton) number of the resulting nucleus?
742.
The period T of oscillation of a mass m on a spring, having spring const
ant k is T = .
743.
An electric motor has an input power of 160W. In raising a load, 120W of
power is dissipated. The best estimate for the efficiency of the motor is
744.
The graph below shows the variation with time t of the acceleration a of
an object from t = 0 to
t = T.
745.
A trolley of mass 1.5 kg is pulled along a horizontal table by a force o
f 5.0N.
746.
Planets A and B orbit the same star. The orbital radius of planet B is f
our times that of planet A.
Which of the following is the magnitude of the ratio
747.
The escape speed of an object of mass m from a planet of mass M and radi
us r depends on the gravitational constant and
m and r.
748.
The diagram below shows the trajectory of a ball thrown into the air. Th
ere is no air resistance.
749.
For any natural process, the second law of thermodynamics states that th
e total entropy of the universe
750.
The diagrams below show two standing wave patterns that are set up in a
stretched string fixed
751.
Sound of a constant frequency f0 is being emitted by a sound source. An
observer O travels in the direction shown at a speed of 0.1 v where v is the spe
ed of sound.
752.
Drops of a liquid are being sprayed vertically upwards into the air by a
hose in a region where the Earth s magnetic field is directed horizontally as sho
wn in the diagram below.
753.
The diagram below shows the electric field lines in a region of space. A
positively charged particle moves from P to Q.
754.
A metal ring has its plane perpendicular to a magnetic field.
755.
The variation with time of the current in the primary coil of an ideal t
ransformer is shown below.
756.
A nucleus decays by the emission of an electron. What are the mass (nuc
leon) number and the atomic (proton) number of the resulting nucleus?
757.
Radioactive element P has a half-life of 30 days and element Q has a hal
f-life of 20 days. Initially a radioactive source contains equal numbers of each
element.
What is the ratio after 60 days have elapsed?
758.
Monochromatic light is incident on a metal surface in a photocell. Which
of the following statements is correct?
which electrons are emitted from the surface is proportional to the intensity of
the radiation.
759.
Which of the following is the correct relationship between the kinetic e
nergy Ek of a particle and its associated de Broglie wavelength ??
760.
The diagram below shows the deflection chamber of a mass spectrometer.
761.
The diagram below shows the path followed by an alpha-particle in the vi
cinity of the nucleus of a gold atom.
763.
The density of a metal cube is given by the expression where M is the ma
ss and V is the volume of the cube. The percentage uncertainties in M and V are
as shown below.
764.
A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground. The graph shows the
variation with time t of the vertical displacement d of the ball.
765.
A general expression for Newton s second law of motion is
766.
Mandy stands on a weighing scale inside a lift (elevator) that accelerat

768. the battery has negligible internal resistance. A wooden block is at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface. The battery has negligible internal resistance and emf 6 V. Which of the following shows the black body spectra for the two bodies? 791. The electron is slowing down . The initial activity of a sample of a radioactive isotope of half-life 1 0 hours is A. The diagram below shows the path of the electron. The binding energy per nucleon of the nucleus is approximately 5 MeV. the fol lowing nuclear reaction can take place. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T1 is V1. In Newton s universal law of gravitation the masses are assumed to be 781. 777. The diagram below shows a pulse travelling along a rope from X to Y.0 m s 1. 779. An electron is moving in air at right angles to a uniform magnetic field . A wind generator produces 5. The vo lume increases to V2 at temperature T2. 792. The graph below shows the vari ation of the temperature T of the block with the thermal energy Q transferred to the block. A frictionless trolley of mass m moves down a slope with a constant acce leration a. the voltmeter has a resistance 100 k?. The graph below shows the variation with time t of the displacement x of a particle undergoing simple harmonic motion. A brick is placed on the surface of a flat horizontal disc as shown in t he diagram below. The volume V of a cylinder of height h and radius r is given by the expr ession 793. The graph below shows the variation with time t of the velocity v of an object moving on a straight-line. A horizo ntal spring is attached between the block and a rigid support. 772. The brick does not move relative to the disc.0 m s 1 is 789.0 kW of power for a wind speed of 6. The coefficient of volume expansion of w ater may be calculated from 787. 767. 774. 769. the cell has negligible internal resistance. The commercial production of energy by nuclear fusion is not yet possibl e mainly due to difficulties with 788. The electric field strength at a point may be defined as 782. Which of the following correctly describes the change. The diagram below shows a simplified model of the energy balance for Ear th. The acceleration of the second trolley as it moves down the slope is 770. The internal energy of a solid substance is equal to the 771. T he total energy required to completely separate the nucleons of this nucleus is approximately 784. M and N of constant resistance are connected as shown. in the sp eed.es vertically upwards as shown in the diagram below. T he best estimate for the power produced for a wind speed of 12. 780. Th ree identical lamps L. In the circuit shown below. It is hypothesized that global warming may lead to significant changes i n the average sea-level. 783. 786. The forces on Mandy are her weight W and the reaction force from the scale R. The end Y of the rope is tied to a fixed support. 778. if any. What is the age of the sample when its activity is 785. Two black bodies X and Y are at different temperatures. . This hypothesis assumes that 790. In the circuit below. When the isotope aluminium-27 is bombarded with alpha particles. 775. Two spheres of masses m1 and m2 are moving towards each other along the same straight-line with speeds v1 and v2 as shown. The temperature of body Y is higher than that of body X. The disc is rotating at constant speed about a vertical axis t hrough its centre. A gas is contained in a cylinder fitted with a piston as shown below. A second similar frictionless trolley has mass 2m. In the circuit below. The specific heat capacity c of a solid block of mass m is determined by heating the block and measuring its temperature. 773. wavelength and frequency of a light wave as it passes from air into glass? 776.

The height d i s of the same order as ?. A spacecraft orbits Earth. A free electron is confined within a one dimensional region of fixed len gth. The source passes by a stationary observer O. The depth of a pit on a CD is 150 nm. A co rrect statement about the next five minute interval is that this nucleus 814. 807. Which of the following correctly identifies the mass and momentum of a p hoton? 812. Photoe lectrons are emitted from the surface of the metal. Two binary stars emit radio waves of wavelength 6. beta (?). A tube is filled with water and a vibrating tuning fork is held above it s open end. Which of the following correctly gives the change in the potential energy and the kinetic energy of the satellite? 796. The frequency of rot ation of the coil of the generator is doubled. A radioactive isotope has a half-life of five minutes. A power station generates electrical energy at a potential difference V and current I. A satellite is in orbit about Earth. The two graphs show the variation with time of the individual displaceme nts of two waves as they pass through the same point. An astronaut inside the spacecraft feels weigh tless because 797. Which of the following correctly describes the nature of the energy spec tra of alpha (?). 815. The axis of the second polar izer makes an angle of 60? to the axis of the first polarizer. moving at constant speed. as shown below. The two stars are just resolved if their minimum angular separation in radians is of the order of 808. Which of the following diagrams best represents the gravitational equipo tential surfaces due to two equal spherical masses? 798. A source S. 804. 795. 802. Which of the diagrams below shows the four lowest energy levels of the elec tron? 816. 805. The binary equivalent of the number 12 is 818.794. 800. An operating refrigerator with its door open is placed in a thermally in sulated room.0 ? 10?2 m. 806. A beam of electrons of uniquely defined wavelength ? is incident on an a perture of height d. Unpolarized light of intensity I0 is incident on a polarizer. 813. 810. The waves are received by a radio telescope whose collecting dish has a diameter of 120 m. The satellite moves to an orbit clo ser to Earth. The wavelength of the laser used to read the information on the CD must be 819. The beam is traveling along the x direction. Which of the following provides evidence for de Broglie s hypothesis conce rning matter waves? 811. The transm itted light is then incident on a second polarizer. 803. The resistance of the transmission lines between the power statio n and the consumer is R. and gamma (?) radiation? 817. Light of wavelength ? is incident on a metal surface in a vacuum. emits a sound of constant frequenc y. The diagram shows the pressure / volume (p/V) diagram for one cycle PQRS of an engine. The variation with time of the vertical speed of a ball falling in air i s shown below. An AC generator produces a voltage of peak value V. A gas is contained in a cylinder fitted with a piston as shown below. The amount of charge that builds on a pixel in a charged coupled device (CCD) is proportional to which property of the incident light? . 801. The rms value of the voltage prod uced is 809. The graph below shows the variation with time t of the displacement x of a particle undergoing simple harmonic motion. The internal energy of a solid substance is equal to the 799. A particular nucl eus of this isotope has not decayed within a time interval of five minutes.

1 .