Regional Science High School for Region VI

Old Buswang, Kalibo, Aklan
Research IV
Activity:
Objectives:

Establishing a data base of population size, mean diameter and ecological density of Tree
Species within the RSHSVI perimeter.
1. Survey and identify tree species within the RSHSVI perimeter;
2. Determine the population size of each tree species in the campus;
3. Determine the ecological density (population density) of each tree species;
4. Determine the mean diameters of the tree species in the campus; and
5. Organize the gathered data into a table (APA style) and appropriate figure (graph) and do
interpolations and extrapolations of the data.

Procedures:
1. Prepare necessary tools (protective gears, measuring tools, etc.) before the survey.
a. wear appropriate long-sleeved jacket and cap and bring drinking water.
b. use insect repellant lotion to avoid mosquito and insect bites.
2. Conduct the survey by gathering the needed data (see table)
a. Count the number of individual tree belonging to the same species around the campus.
b. Measure the circumference of each tree using a tape measure.
3. Observe necessary safety steps in doing the survey:
a. Measure the largest part of the tree within your reach, do not attempt to climb the tree or
any other nearby objects to measure the largest part.
b. Check the tree and its surrounding for any hazardous objects such as falling branches,
sharp/pointed twigs and branches and broken glass, metal objects or sharp and pointed
fencing materials.
4. After the survey, go back to your room and do the necessary recording, calculations and
presentation of data.
Essential Information
Ecological density is the number of individuals of the same species per unit area or volume that is used by
the species.
Source: www.stmarycss.ca/parents/teachers/mr-macdonald/bio-12/.../population- ecology.ppt

A population's size refers to the number of individuals (N) it comprises.
Population density is the number of individuals within a given area or volume.
 The quadrat method is used to sample sessile organisms, using a square within which all
individuals are counted; extrapolation of the data to the entire habitat results in a population size
estimate.
 The mark and recapture technique is used for mobile organisms; it involves marking a sample of
individuals and then estimating population size from the number of marked individuals in
subsequent samples.
Source: https://www.boundless.com/biology/textbooks/boundless-biology-textbook/population-and-communityecology-45/population-demography-249/population-size-and-density-925-12181/

Raw Data Group Members: _________________________________________________________________________ TREE SPECIES: _____________________________ SN: ________________________________________ Tree Number Circumference (cm) Mean Diameter (cm) Location / Description .