# Worksheet on Force

1 Use the following picture to answer the questions. Circle the correct answer in
parentheses.

a. The forces shown above are (pushing / pulling) forces.
b. The forces shown above are (working together / opposite) forces.
c. The forces are (equal / not equal).
d. The forces are (balanced / unbalanced).
e. The net force is (1000 n to the right / 1000 n to the left / zero).
f. There (is / is no) motion.
2 The picture below shows a book sitting still on a stool. Explain what forces are
acting on the book and how these forces acting on the book.
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3 Draw an arrow to show which way the person on the skateboard should throw the

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.................... A............ ii Why does the lead move when the collar breaks? .......................................... i When the collar breaks..... C or D..................... ................. c Suddenly the dog’s collar breaks........ Which arrow shows the direction of this force? Give the letter......... Friction ................ the lead moves......... B................ shows the direction of this force? Give the letter............... b Megan has to pull to keep the dog still..................... Draw an arrow on the diagram to show which way the lead starts to move.............................................. ....................... ........... Which arrow....................................4 a Meghana’s dog is pulling on his lead..............................

She counts ...... A parachute reaches a steady speed when the force of ………………… pulling it down is balanced by the air resistance pushing ………………… ..... If there was no friction between our shoes and the ground our feet would ………………… when we tried to walk...1 Exercise – Complete the missing words in the passage below. a Nainetha does the experiment with different weights on top of the block.. Rubber brake blocks grip against the ………………… of a bicycle wheel in order to slow it down.. slip reduced friction faster heat rims gravity grease upwards The force that stops two surfaces sliding past each other is called ... 2 Nainetha is investigating how easily a block of wood slides along a wooden bench...... Friction between the moving parts of machinery can cause it to over ………………… The friction can be ………………… by using oil or ………………… The ………………… a car moves the greater the air resistance is that pushes against it. The diagram shows her experiment.

........................... ............................................................................................................................................. i Describe how the number of slotted masses needed to move the block varies with the weight on top of the block........................... .................................................................... suggest one way Nainetha could reduce the force of friction............. ....................... ENERGY I Choose and underline the correct answer ... ....................................................................................... and keeping the same weight on top..... How many slotted masses would she need to make the block slide? ....................... ii Nainetha does the experiment with a weight of 3........................................ b Nainetha does her experiment again........................... ........................................................................................ ii Using the same sheet of glass and block of wood............................................. This time she slides the block of wood over a sheet of glass instead of the bench top............................................................................................ i Suggest how her results would be different this time.................................................................................5 N on top of the block of wood............................................................................how many slotted masses she needs to hang from the string to make the block of wood slide........................................................................................... ........................ Her results are shown in the table...........

5 Which is the correct energy flow diagram for a television? 6 Which of the following is not a fossil fuel? A coal . D makes things. C destroys energy.1 Which of these is not a form of energy? A B C D kinetic petrol light sound 2 Which of these has the most gravitational potential energy? A a parachutist standing on a runway B a parachutist going into a plane C a parachutist jumping out of a plane D a parachutist after landing 3 What are the energy changes in a candle? A B C D heat to light heat to sound light to heat chemical to heat and light 4 A machine is something which: A changes energy. B creates energy.

B it is easy to switch on and off. 8 Electricity is not a fuel because: A it has to be generated using other energy resources. Energy can be changed. Always using the car for short journeys. D rocks. You would be healthier and fitter. D it can burn you.B C D 7 oil gas wind Fossil fuels are formed from: A water. Energy can be destroyed. None of our energy resources will run out. 10 Why do we need to save energy? A B C D 11 A B C D 12 A B C D 13 A B C D 14 Fossil fuels are running out. Which of these is a non-renewable energy resource? A B C D solar wind natural gas moving water 15 Biomass is: . 9 Which of the following is not true? A B C D Energy can be used to heat things. To pay for new cars. Electricity is running out. Using a bus instead of going by car. B electricity. Renewable energy resources will not run out. All of them. Which of these would not help us to use less energy for transport? Using a car that could go further for every litre of petrol. Energy is cheap. Which of these things might happen if you walked to school instead of coming by car? You might get wet if it rained. Non-renewable energy resources will not run out. Which is true? Renewable energy resources will run out one day. C dead plants and animals. Walking to school. Energy can be wasted. C it cannot be used to make cars run. It might take you longer to get to school.

degrees. any fuel made from plant or animal material. hot baths. . a fuel made from animal material only. 16 Our bodies get the energy they need from: A B C D food. 20 Which of these energy resources does not originally come from the Sun? A B C D wind energy solar power fossil fuels geothermal energy II Exercise – Complete the sentences below. 1) Most of the energy we use comes from F _ _ _ _ _ fuels. warm clothes. fertiliser. Coal has energy because it is warm inside the Earth.A B C D a heavy weight. water. 5) Weather conditions must be suitable to use W _ _ _ and solar power. 2) Fossil fuels are non-renewable because they cannot be R _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3) R _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ energy resources do not run out. 17 The units for measuring energy are: A B C D horsepower. joules. newtons. Which statement is true? Coal has energy because it is black. the Sun. Fossil fuels have energy because the animals that became fossils ran around a lot. 4) Biofuels come from P _ _ _ _ _ and animals. 18 A B C D 19 A B C D Plants get their energy from: water. 6) The energy in waves can be used but it is E _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to set up. the soil. The plants that formed coal got their energy from the Sun. a fuel made from plant material only.