COMPARE THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION BETWEEN PUBLIC

AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS
Introduction
The standard of education or quality of education is low in Pakistan keeping in
view the war cry of the day that quality of education of public and private schools to
the reginal position. Without improving quality of education we cannot keep walk
with the modern year.
Quality of education in a country to show the quality of its human resourace. The
development countries spend a lot of money for the provide of education to their
people while developing countries also spend money according to their citizens.
Pakistan spending only 2% of its GNP on education (Government of Pakistan
2009).The developing countries public school enrolls closely 90% of all primary and
70% of all secondary students. (Jimenez & Lockheed, 1995).
The public sector alone especially in developing countries cannot meet the needs of
quality education for quickly growing of population including Pakistan with a 2.7 %
population growth rate (Government of Pakistan 2010-11).highest in region.
Government alone can't fulfill the responsibility to provide education

to fast

growing this burden .Therefore,both the public and private sectors are engaged in
providing education to the masses .Education system in pakistan is a property of
British rule in the sub-contient.At the time of independence (1947)both public and
private institutionas were providing education at primary and secondary levels.
Burki (1986) classified educational instituations at the time of indepence into two
categories. 1. Public schools and colleges managed by provinicial government or
local bodies. 2. Private schools managed by kindness.
All the types of educational institutions continued functioning after creation of
Pakistan in 1947. At that time, private sector had an important role in providing
education through schools. Private schools was managed either by societies
motivated by the cause of promoting education institutions.
The concept of quality in every field is a complex concept. It is complex natural
elements, components, and every respect. Quality is the most honorable but the

unstable term in the field of education. Sometime it is used in evaluative sense, for
example as scale of goodness. Sometimes it is include searching some well known
characteristics. The quality in education refers to the standard of management,
educational facilities, curriculum, method of teaching, students, examination system,
teaching staff etc. The quality of education is poor at all levels in developing and
underdeveloped countries, Iqbal (1987) stated that students in developing countries
have a mean level of achievement below that in industrial countries performance
shows a much greater variation around the mean. According to a report of the
World Bank (1999), the main way in which government can help to improve the
quality of education are setting standards, achievements, use of inputs, and
monitoring performance. Generally the spaces are not taken because of the weight
of the existing education speeding and management practices.
In Pakistan it consists of four classes, 9 th and 10th secondary education, and 11th and
12th higher secondary education. Secondary education is an important sub-sector of
the complete educational system. On one hand, it provides the middle levels work
force for the economy and on the other it acts as a feeder for the higher level of
education. (Govt. of Pakistan, 1998). There are two sectors working side by side in
the field of secondary education, i.e. private sector and government sector in
Pakistan.
National Educational policy (1979) states that private sector plays an important role
in development of education in a country. It helps both in the qualitative
improvement and the qualitative expansion. In a country like Pakistan was the
population growth rate is about 3 percent, annually and only about 20 percent of the
existing children are in the secondary schools, the support of the private sector is the
most need to share this huge burden. Government alone cannot build and run all
the schools required for the purpose.
Recognizing that the Government alone cannot achieve the policy objectives, it is
important to search choice involvement of the private sector in the spreading of the
education. The private sector need to be assured that the educational institutions
established by them in the future will not be nationalized.
The nation also needs expectation that the private institution would maintain high

quality and provide the demand physical facilities (Government of Pakistan, 1979).
In following of National Education policy of 1979, the Punjab private Education
Institution (Promotion and regulation), law No. 11 was passed in 1984. The
government of NWFP and Sindh adopted similar laws. These laws right the
registration of all private institution with a registration Authority. Under these
conditions, the government approval was considered perceptive for the adoption of a
fee structure by each private institution. It is estimated that more or less 30,000
private educational institution at all levels with to closely 3 million students are
work in a country. Most of these institutions are ‘English medium’ schools and
impart education from playgroup to postgraduate level.
Some schools have been to set up on society basis, while the others are owned
individuals (Govt. of Pakistan, 1998). It is a fact that fate of nation is shaped in
classrooms. This implies that education is the main source of progress and
development. It can be said without hesitation that education is mostly responsible
for the future of Pakistan. Through education, nation building process for the future
citizens of the country is taken place. The education moulds students, country will
be molded. From this point of view, a lot of responsibilities lie with the educationist
and the quality of education. Therefore, the education must be qualitative so that
the student should develop necessary knowledge, skills, and attitude to perform
their duties effectively. It is in this context that quality that quality education
becomes the most important ingredient to enhance the quality of life in any country.

Statement of the problems
This study was designed to know about the compare the quality of education in
public and private schools in Faisalabad. Without hesitation that education is the
mostly responsible for the future of Pakistan.

Objectives of the study
The present study was therefore conduct to compare the quality of education in
public and private schools of Distract Faisalabad having following objectives;
1. To compare the enrollment of students as well as student-teacher ratio in both

type schools.
2. To compare the results of the students of both classes who appeared in boards’
examination.
3. To compare the quality of education in terms of quality of management, quality of
staff, etc.

Research Questions
1. Is there any significant difference of access of quality of education with respect to
class levels?
2. Is there any significant difference between private and public school access
quality of

education?

3. Is there any significant difference between of coordination among teacher and
students with both types of schools?

Research Methodology
The major purpose of the study was to compare the quality of education in public
and private secondary schools of Faisalabad. It was a descriptive study depends on
numerical data. Survey study was conducted to get the opinions of the respondent.
Quantitative study will be used for research approach. It was a descriptive study.
Research population
Population of the study is all public and private schools of district Faisalabad. All
the head of the institutions, teachers, students, and dropped out students were
included as population of the study. Random study will be used for this purpose
Tehsils

Urban

Rural

Male

Male

Total

Urban

Rural

Female

Female

Total

Faisalabad

202

185

387

110

85

582

Jhumara

88

30

113

30

29

172

Jarawala

230

100

330

110

90

430

Samundri

85

65

150

75

40

256

Tandlianwala

106

65

150

85

65

331

Total

711

523

1234

435

390

1882

Sample
Shortage of time and financial resources it was not possible to gather data from
all the secondary schools of district Faisalabad. Total twenty secondary schools in
public and private sector were selected.
All the heads of already sampled of both sector. One hundred teachers were selected
of both sectors. Two hundred and twenty four students were randomly selected.
Schools

Heads

Teachers

Students

Total

Public

28

56

112

196

Private

28

56

112

196

Total

56

112

224

392

Research instruments
For this purpose three questionnaires, one each for heads, school teachers and
students prepared and validated through pilot-testing were used as the research
instrument.

Data collection
Most of the data was collected personally from respective institution.
Data analysis
To analysis the data used in comparisons of male and female principals, teachers
and students responses.
Delimitation of research
The study will be delimited to the public sector secondary schools and private
sector secondary schools situated in District Faisalabad.
Significance of research
The quality of education is the most burning of the day. The public sector
secondary schools were more qualified academically as will as professionally having
more administrative experience as compared to private sector secondary schools,.
The study will be beneficial on the following grounds:
¡. This study will be concentrate on the quality of education in public and private
schools Faisalabad District.
¡¡. This study will also be investigating the quality of education in public and private
schools Faisalabad District.
¡¡¡. This research will give direction to future researchers.
Definition of important terminology
 Quality of education
Many definitions of quality of education live, witness to the intricacy and
multifaceted nature of the concept. The terms ability, effectiveness, justice and
quality have often been used synonymously (Adams, 1993).

A motive or estimate of the likeness or unlikeness between two things or people.
 Public and private schools
Private schools, also known as independent schools, non-governmental, or nonstate schools, are not administered by local, state or national government.
State schools (also known as public schools, through not in England generally refer
to primary or secondary schools

References
Abid, G. F. (1993). New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Burki, R. & Woods, R. (1986). An introduction to philosophy of education, 4 th
Edition, New York: Routledgetaylor & Francis Group.
Government of Pakistan, S. M. (2010-11). Educational Administration. Majeed
Book Depot, Lahore. P.10. Silverthorne, H.