Public

Education –
Disaster
Preparedness
For All
Dr. Tudor Codreanu MD MSc(Med) EuM(DisMed)
Head, Emergency Medicine Department
Dr. Gray's Hospital, Elgin, Scotland
Visiting Lecturer in Disaster Medicine
Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Belgium and
Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Italia
Tudor.Codreanu@nhs.net

.2003: drought / famine (48%).A decade of disasters • • • 2003: 76. earthquakes (16%). 3 times more than in 2002.000 killed and > 2.000 killed Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters.5 billion affected • 1994 . windstorms (10%).5 billion affected Estimated damage of at least 691 billion USD • 1984 . floods (16%).1993: > 1 million killed and > 1. • Over the last decade: – – • 51 people died per natural disaster in countries of high human development VERSUS 589 per natural disaster in countries of low human development. extreme temperatures (8%).2003: > 5500 reported disasters > 650. Belgium.806 killed by disasters. 2004 – Indian Ocean Earthquake – 225. Disasters affected 255 million people during the year Estimated damage of at least 56 billion USD • • • 1994 .

.Some more data. – Terrorist scenarios survey (2004) • 33% would not follow orders unless family cared for and / or communication possible – Tornado / hurricane scenarios (2005) • 38% have no motivation to prepare.. 24% have some motivation to prepare – Disaster preparedness in teenagers (2008) • Moray (Scotland): 60% males and 66% females do not know how to make water safe • Kingdom of Bahrain: 97% males and 96% females .

Why less deaths? • ? Better satellite forecasting • ? Early warning systems • ? Better community awareness • ? Better risk identification • ? Better risk reduction • ? Better planning • etc .

Why more affected? • ? Increased number of reported disasters • ? Population growth • ? Increased vulnerable population • ? Unplanned urban development • ? More man-made vs natural • ? Increased economical gap .

Life cycle of disaster management .

Definitions • Community disaster awareness (DA) = Initiatives which inform and train local population about how to prepare for disasters and emergencies • Public education = process of making the public aware of its risks and preparing the population for hazards in advance of a disaster and as a long term strategic effort • Public information = messages and the delivery of messages to the public in anticipation and during an event International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies – Disaster Preparedness Programme. 2000 and Emergency Management Accreditation Program (2006) .

Types of DA programmes • Individual activities • Series of co-ordinated activities • Integration with wider community health programmes .

obstacles • Establish goals and objectives based on hazard identification and risk assessment • Set implementation steps and milestones • Identify sustainability resources • What and where you want to be at the end? • Where are you already. weaknesses. what can help you and what could stop you? • Narrow it down to palatable chunks • Set timescales and responsibilities • Human and financial resources . opportunities.Strategic planning • Mission statement • Identify strengths.

survival and recovery actions to take during recovery from disaster • Official sources for contact and info .Elements of a DA programme • Nature and potential of the risk • Human and physical elements most vulnerable • Safety actions to prevent and prepare for a disaster • Safety.

• Potential disasters. emergencies and hazards • Low-cost measures for local population • Personal / family measures • Governmental measures • Official disaster public warning systems ...Your themes of DA programme.

Public education • Maximal impact if it addresses: – – – – – – – – – Daily problems Daily hazards Basic health care Water safety and availability Sanitation Employment Community based first aid Childcare Uses simple language .

. • Identify and prioritise target audience • Define purpose and objectives • Identify potential (influential) partners • Identify best timing and location • Identify best method of delivery • Review and monitor impact later in the year and review plan accordingly .Your business plan..

radio. universities Banks. clubs TV. newspapers Religious organisations Village elders Schools. trade unions Etc etc etc .Your partners: • • • • • • • • Sports clubs and personalities Local businesses.

Public education is… • Essential in disaster preparedness planning • Essential during and after a disaster • Not expensive • Of proven efficiency where implemented • Rewarding for the individual and the community .

yet it will come: the readiness is all. it will be now. Act V. if it be not now. Scene 2 ."If it be not to come." Hamlet.