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Chapter 6

(b)

-17.7

Assuming the beam is uncracked, show the direction of the principal tensile
stresses at middepth at points A, B, and C.

A

(c)

10

0.2
-9.8

V, kips

16.0

For the rectangular beam shown in Fig P6-1:
(a)
Draw a shear force diagram.

7.3

6-1

B

C

On a drawing of the beam sketch the inclined cracks that would develop at
A, B, and C.

A

B

6-1

C

Joint U12 : Each inclined strut has a vertical component of 8.84 8.20 8. or transmission in any form or by any means. Joint U 8 : Total downward load is 26.8 36 15.8 30 13. The beam has No.8 kips. Forces in Inclined Struts in Web Member U12  L11 U12  L10 U12  L9 U11  L8 U10  L7 U 9  L6 U8  L5 U8  L4 U8  L3 U8  L2 Vertical Component (kips) 8.. or likewise.8 kips downward (compression in U12  L11 ). write to: Rights and Permissions Department. storage in a retrieval system.84 6-3 . mechanical. For information regarding permission(s).8 30 13.84 8. to the left on Joint L11 .8 36 15. Inc. Upper Saddle River.56 8. As f yt  8.28 kips acting 20 in.  8.8 kips in stirrup U8  L8 . Horizontal component in U12  L11  12 in. photocopying.20 8. recording. electronic.28 8. 3 Grade 40 doubleleg stirrups with and 4 No.56 8.8 24 10.8 kips force at Joint U12 as shown. therefore 6 struts are needed to equilibrate 52.8 kips = 5. NJ 07458. This publication is protected by Copyright and written permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction. 6-7 Figure P6-7 shows a simply supported beam.) 12 Horizontal Component (kips) 5. is Assume all stirrups yield. NJ.8 18 7. therefore 4 struts are needed to equilibrate 35. Pearson Education. The plastic truss model for the beam is shown in the figure. Inc.© 2012 Pearson Education.4 kips applied load plus 8.8 24 10.8 kips V  0 at Joint L 11 gives vertical component in strut U12  L11 as 8.8 kips Joint L11 : Vertical force in stirrup = 8. Upper Saddle River.8 24 10. Assuming that the stirrups are all loaded to .56 8. The force in member ⁄ .8 36 15. All rights reserved.8 Horizontal Projection (in..8 Grade 60 longitudinal bars with . (a) Use the method of joints to compute the forces in each panel of the compression and tension chords and plot them.2 kips force at U 8 as shown.92 8.

photocopying.7 10.8 24 10.56 100.20 6-4 Lower Chord Force (kips) 190..4 15.8  8  26.8 ft-kips Force in L11  L13   H at Joint L 11 M 316. electronic.5 13.56 118.© 2012 Pearson Education.84 71.28 8.84 Horizontal Component (kips) 15. recording.4  4  316.2 13.84 8. NJ 07458.8 12   190.8 18 7.2 15. Pearson Education.3 10.8 Vertical Component (kips) 8.84 158.0 kips (in tension) jd 20 gives force in L10  L11  190.84 55.2 15. For information regarding permission(s). Upper Saddle River.7 7.92 110.28 184. or transmission in any form or by any means.0  5.8 12 5. Inc.84 142.28  184.8 10. U 7  L1 Member (cont’d) U 6  L0 U 5  L0 8.8 6 2.20 129. write to: Rights and Permissions Department.92 8.3 15.8 30 13.56 174.20 8.) 36 15.8 36 Horizontal Projection (in. NJ.0 15. All rights reserved. Inc. storage in a retrieval system. mechanical. Upper Saddle River.64 U 4  L0 U 3  L0 U 2  L0 U1  L0 Compute Forces in Lower Chord Maximum moment = 52.56 8.0 tension ..84 +13. This publication is protected by Copyright and written permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction.7 kips Force in Lower Chords Member L11  L13 L10  L11 L9  L10 L8  L9 L7  L8 L6  L7 L5  L6 L4  L5 L3  L4 L2  L3 L1  L2 L0  L1 Horizontal Force in Strut (kips) - Joint - L11 L10 L9 L8 L7 L6 L5 L4 L3 L2 L1 L0 5.20 87. or likewise.

4 U10  U11 U10 13.56 6-5 . NJ 07458.3 U8  U9 U8 15.4 kips and  H  0 at Joint L 0 .. Upper Saddle River.56 26.28 Joint Lower Chord Force (kips) +2.56 +7. NJ.20 142.4 U 7  U8 U7 15.© 2012 Pearson Education.8 U 9  U10 U9 10. or likewise.84 +13. Inc.84 U 4  U5 U4 10.4 kips. This must be anchored in Joint L0 .92 118. +10.84 +10.56 129. Upper Saddle River. storage in a retrieval system.92 15.20 39.92 U3  U 4 U3 7. write to: Rights and Permissions Department.84 158.4 The force in L0  L1 is 55.64 compression 7. photocopying. Member Joint Horizontal Force in Struts (kips) Lower Chord Force (kips) U1  U 2 U1 2.84 55. Pearson Education.84 71.20 +10.4 U5  U6 U5 13. All rights reserved. recording. Forces in Upper Chords: Joint U1 : There is no force in the compression chord to the right of U1 . or transmission in any form or by any means. mechanical.4 Compression at Midspan U12 15. The sum of the horizontal forces in the struts at Joint L0 is 55. electronic.. For information regarding permission(s). This publication is protected by Copyright and written permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction.56 Member (cont’d) +7.28 2.8 U6  U7 U6 15. Inc.6 U11  U12 U11 15.64 U 2  U3 U2 5.92 Horizontal Force in Strut (kips) +5.64 Total: 55.

+5. recording. write to: Rights and Permissions Department. This publication is protected by Copyright and written permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction. mechanical. Upper Saddle River.© 2012 Pearson Education. or likewise. photocopying.28 Plot of Forces in Upper Chords: Plot of Forces in Lower Chords: 6-6 190.. electronic.. NJ. Pearson Education. For information regarding permission(s). or transmission in any form or by any means. Inc.0 . All rights reserved. NJ 07458. Upper Saddle River. Inc. storage in a retrieval system.

(b) ⁄ on the diagram from part (a) and compare the bar forces Plot from the truss model to those computed from ⁄ . . Inc. Slope of L1  L7 : tan   20 / 36  0. mechanical.05 f cd  V  1  52800  1   tan     0. Inc. NJ. (c) Compute the compression stress in the diagonal member 11)). electronic.556  6-7 (see Eq. (6- . write to: Rights and Permissions Department. photocopying.556    29. or likewise. The beam width. Upper Saddle River. or transmission in any form or by any means. storage in a retrieval system.. NJ 07458. is 12 in. This publication is protected by Copyright and written permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction.© 2012 Pearson Education.556    518 psi bw jd  tan   12  20  0. Pearson Education. All rights reserved.. For information regarding permission(s). Upper Saddle River. The bar forces in the lower chords provided by As f s  M / jd appear to be less than the values provided by the truss model throughout the span except at the midspan where the two values match. recording.