L-2/T-2/EEE

Date: 16/07/2016

BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY,
L-2/T-2
Sub:

DHAKA

B. Sc. Engineering Examinations 2014-2015

EEE 209

(Engineering Electromagnetics)

Full Marks: 210

Time: 3 Hours

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION

SECTION -A
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.

(8)

1. (a) State and explain Gauss's law. Verify Gauss's law for a point charge.
(b) A positive point charge Q is located at the center of a spherical conducting shell of an
inner radius Rj and an outer radius Ro. Determine E and V as functions of the radial
distance R. Also, plot the variations of

lEI and V with R.

(12)

iz exists in a dielectric

2

(c) The potential field V = 2x yz -

medium having £ = 2£0' (i) .

Does V satisfy Laplace's equation? (ii) Calculate the total charge within the unit cube

(15)

0< x < 1m, 0 < y < 1m, 0 < z < 1m.

2. (a) What is meant by Dielectric Strength of a material? Find the breakdown voltage of a
parallel-plate capacitor, assuming that the conducting plates are 50 mmapart

and the

medium between them is plexiglass, which has a dielectric constant 3.0 and a dielectric

(8)

strength 20 kV/mm.
(b) What is electric dipole? Derive the general expressions of V and E in tenns of dipole
moment of an electric dipole. Also, plot the two-dimensional sketch of the equipotential

(12)

and electric field lines of an electric dipole.
(c) A point charge of 10 nc is located at point P(O, 0, 3), while the conducting plane z = 0
is grounded. Calculate (i) V and E at R(6, 3, 5), (ii) the force on the charge due to

(15)

induced charge on the plane.

3. (a) Explain Biot-Savart's law. From the mathematical expression of Biot-Savart's law for

(12)

a line current, obtain that the vector magnetic potential is given by
A=

f

~tI dl'
L 4nR

where Idl' is the current element. Also, show that the magnetic flux is given by

'J1=1A.dl
L

(b) An electron with velocity ~ = (3
at a point in a magnetic field

ax

13 = (Io ax

+ 12 ay
+ 20

ay

- 4 az)x
+ 30

az)

105 m/s experiences no net force
2

mWb/m

.

Find

E

at that point.

Contd

P12

(8)

=2=

EEE 209
Contd ... Q. NO.3

(c) Consider the two wire transmission line whose cross-section is illustrated in Fig. 3(c).
Each wire is of radius 2 cm, and the wires are separated by 10 cm. The wire centered at
(0, 0) carries a current of 5A while the other centered at (10 cm, 0) carries the return

(15)

current. Find H at (i) (5 cm, 0) and (ii) (10 cm, 5 cm).

I
_\

I

i

-x,.-'

4. (a) For a rectangular planar loop current in a uniform magnetic field, show that the net

(12)

force exerted on the loop is zero. Also, prove that
T=mxB,
where T is the torque, m is the dipole moment and B is the uniform magnetic field.
(b) The plane z =

a separates

a

H = 10 x + 15

air (z ~ 0, J.l = J.lo) from iron (z :::;0, J.l = 200 J.lo). Given that

ay

-

(8)

a

3 z AIm

in air, find B in iron and the angle it makes with the interface.
(c) A three phase transmission line consists of three conductors that are supported at
points A, B, and C to form an equilateral triangle as shown in Fig. 4(c). At one instant,
conductors A and B both carry a current of 75 A while conductor C carries a return

(15)

current of 150 A. Find the force per meter on conductor C at that instant.

~.---.----

~--

~-

-'------ .. _~--_.---~~---..---....-------------,-:
-.~----~

I

!

Ii

___

15'0 A-, ---;

,-~-m---.--

.

I

-Go

-'}(.-I

}

i
i

1
-i
,

i

I

--F-'d'
_'_. ~. __
,.

.4

(:) ,

._~_.

)

l

Contd

P/3

=3=

EEE 209
SECTION-B
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
Put a box around your answer.

5. An uniform plane wave Ei of angular frequency

0) = 2n

8

x 10 (rad/s) is incident from air (cr.

= 1, I..lr = 1) on a very long perfectly conducting wall. The incident electric field is given by(5+5+ 20+5)

where

PI

and al are unknown scalar constants. az is normal to the air-conductor interface.

(i) What is the polarization of the incident wave?
(ii)What are the values of

P I and al?

(iii) Write the expressions of the incident magnetic field (Hi), reflected electric field
(Er) and reflected magnetic field (Hr ).
(iv) Find the current induced on the wall surface and the time-average Poynting vector in air.

(15)

6. (a) What is Poynting vector? Derive and explain the Poynting's theorem.
(b) Show that the time-average Poynting vector of an uniform plane wave, whose electric

(10)

and magnetic fields are 900 out of phase, is zero.
(c) If the instantaneous expression for the magnetic field intensity of a uniform plane

(10)

wave propagating in the +y direction in air is given by
H=az

4xlO-6

cos(107nt-koY+

:)

Aim,

Write the instantaneous expression for E.

7. (a) Using

the Lorentz

condition

(or Lorentz

gauge)

for potentials,

derive

the

nonhomogeneous wave equations for scalar potential V and vector potential A from time

(20)

varying Maxwell's equations.

(5)

(b) What is retarded scalar and vector potential?
(c) A sinusoidal electric intensity of amplitude 250 (Vim) and frequency 1 (GHz) exists
in a lossy dielectric medium that has a relative permittivity of 2.5 and a loss tangent of

(10)

0.001. Find the average power dissipated in the medium per cubic meter.

8. (a) A right handed circularly polalized uniform plane wave is normally incident from air
on a plane conducting

wall. What is the polarization

of the reflected wave? The

(15)

conducting wall has infinite conductivity.
Contd

P/4

. The position of the sliding bar is given by x = 0.2 (.35 (1 . Q. and the rails are terminated in a resistance R = 0.cos cot) (m).8 (b) A conducting sliding bar oscillates over two parallel conducting rails in a sinusoidally varying magnetic field 13 = clz (15) 5 cos cot (mT) as shown in Fig.0). NO.=4= EEE 209 Contd . for Q. 8(b).. (c) State and explain the equation of continuity. (5) . Find i.

taken at a speed of 1800 rpm. and it (12) is turning at 200 rpm. The figures in the margin indicate full marks. speed curves. what is the resulting induced counter torque on the shaft of the machine? (c) What are the different types of losses that occur in dc motor? Show them in a power (8) flow diagram. (a) Briefly describe the problems with commutation in DC machines. Contd P/2 . RF is 80 n. Sc. The adjustable resistance in the field circuit Radj can be varied from 0 to 200 .35 2. is (25) given in tabular form below: EA(V) 5 153 180 215 221 242 IF (A) 0. speed and power vs. Armature reaction can be ignored in this machine. At the symbols and notations have their usual meanings. (b) A-12 pole DC generator has a simplex wave wound armature containing 144 coils of 10 turns each.5 hp at rated condition? (iii) What are copper loss and rotational losses (ignore stray loss)? (iv) What is the efficiency of the motor at full load? (v) If the motor is unloaded with no change in tenninal voltage or Radj. RA is 0.011 n.82 1 1. Answer any THREE.0 and now it is set to 90 n.15 . 2.05 Wh. given the range of field adjustments available with Radj' (b) What are the limiting speeds of armature voltage and field control methods of a DC (10) shunt motor? Draw and explain briefly torque vs.L-2/T-2/EEE Date: 20/07/2016 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. 120-V. (i) How many current paths are there in this machine? (ii) What is the induced armature voltage? (iii) If a 1 kn resistor is cOlmected to the terminals of this generator. (a) A 15 hp.28 1.00 0. The magnetization curve for this motor. Its flux per pole is 0. then what is the no load speed of the motor? (vi) What range of no-load speed is possible of this motor.0. DHAKA L-2/T-2 B. 1800 rpm shunt dc motor has a full load armature current of 60 A when operating at rated condition. (15) 1. and the field resistance.88 (i) What is the motor speed at rated conditions specified above? (ii) What is the output torque if output power is 7. Engineering Examinations 2014-2015 Sub: EEE 205 (Energy Conversion II) Full Marks: 210 Time: 3 Hours USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION-A There are FOUR questions in this section. The resistance of each tum is 0. The armature resistance of the motor.

(b) A 2300 V. Its friction n and armature resistance of and windage losses are 24 kW and its core losses are 18 kW. 3(c). (J\) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Open circuit terminal voltage. 50 Hz.0. The armature resistance of the motor is 0. what is the range of voltage adjustments that can be achieved by changing Radj? (ii) If the field rheostat is varied from 0 to 30 . NF = 1000 tum per pole (i) If the generator is operating at no load.15 n. The field circuit has a dc voltage of 200 V. The generator is rated at 6 kW. for Q. 5. Its rated field current is (10) 5 A.15 40 n. (20) and as soon as the current falls to rated value. and the generator's speed is varied from 1500 to 2000 rpm. Answer any THREE.1 rnA and an open circuit voltage Voe of 0. what are the maximum and minimum no load voltages in the generator? 4. (c) The magnetization curve of a separately excited dc generator is given in Fig. Y-connected synchronous generator has a synchronous reactance of 1.18 . (a) Briefly describe the problem of voltage build-up in a shunt DC generator and also (15) explain how these problems can be solved. 240 V and 60 A.8 power factor lagging. Compare the salient and non-salient pole synchronous generators. The open circuit characteristic of this generator is given below: Field current. (V) 0 650 1300 1800 2200 2500 2690 2750 2850 2870 2900 Contd P/3 . (b) Draw the output characteristics of different types of DC generator.=2= EEE 205 3.1 0. (a) Describe the constructional details of stator and rotor of a synchronous generator. The questions are of equal value. (i) Determine how many stages of starting resistance is required? (ii) Determine the value of each starting resistor segment.0. (a) An automatic starter circuit is to be designed for a shunt dc motor rated at 15 hp.0. 100 kVA. VF = 120 V. The shunt field resistance is motor is to start with no more than 250 percent of its rated armature current. Following data are known for the machineRA = 0.0. 0. From that (10) characteristics indicate which type of dc generator has the highest voltage regulations. Radj = 0 to 30. RF = 24 .485 V. a starting resistor stage is to be cut out. 120 V. The n. 2 (b) A solar cell under an illumination of 600 Wm- has a short circuit current Ise of 16. What are short circuit current and (15) open circuit voltage when light intensity is halved? SECTION -B There are FOUR questions in this section. 2-pole. 50 A and 1800 rpm.

Explain why the short circuit characteristic of a synchronous generator is a straight line. Contd P/4 '(\ . Explain in detail anyone of the starting methods of synchronous motor. (a) Describe the V-curves. No. what are the magnitudes and angles of internally generated voltage EA and the arn1ature current IA? How much torque is this motor producing? What is the load angle 8? If lEAlis increased by 15%. Q. (b) Explain the procedure of paralleling a synchronous generator to the bus-bars by using lamps.8 power factor leading load. 50 Hz. 7. (a) Explain how the synchronous generator model parameters are found from tests.• =3= EEE 205 Contd . over and nonnal excitations of synchronous motor. (iii) the voltage regulation of the generator if it is loaded to rated kV A with 0. (ii) the voltage regulation of the generator if it is loaded to rated kV A with 0. what is the new magnitude of the armature current? 8.. compounding curves and inverted V-curves of synchronous motor. ~-connected synchronous motor has a synchronous reactance of 1.8 power factor leading six pole. Ignore its friction-windage and core losses. Explain the terms under. 0.0 n and negligible annature resistance. 6. 5(b) The field current of the generator is adjusted to achieve rated voltage of 2300 V at fullload condition. What is hunting of synchronous machines? What is a synchronous condenser? Draw its phasor diagram and explain how it operates. If this motor is initially supplying 400 hp at 0..8 power factor lagging load. 400 hp. Using phasor diagrams explain the effects of load changes having different power factors on a synchronous generator operating alone. Find (i) the efficiency of the generator at rated load. (a) Draw and explain the power flow diagram of a synchronous motor. (b) A 480 V. (b) Explain why damper windings are required in synchronous motor and generator.8 power factor lagging. What is a phase-sequence indicator? How synchroscope can be used for paralleling of synchronous generators? Explain the frequency-power and voltage-reactive power characteristics of a generator set.

.. 160 ISO 140 ~ 130 t /' 110 / 100 ~ i 90 .J. . (u.:: \~OO 'Y m1h : ~: " ' .tJJ....nve 'IS ~ve:'() a...".lI o 1000 I I 2000 4000 3000 5 I 5000 6 I 6<XX) 7 ! 7000 Aeld mmf.- V )60 I- so / 40 30 / 20 / / / I / I I / o7 o 10 4 3 Shunt field current.. 80 i 70 ~ ...+ 6.-- /' 120 > .. A.-. ..OYl M~'(H! .e.. A 2 I-.:.. 3 (c) Ji2. turns ~ Fig.?pe.

Answer any THREE. +- . 300 KSL o i : . .~ .\ 1.~. Use a 270 kD. r- S5~. Engineering Examinations 2014-2015 Sub: EEE 207 (Electronics Full Marks : 210 II) Time: 3 Hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks. What output voltage will result for an input of 150 ~V? (12) (c) Determine the value ofVofor the circuit shown in Fig. lV._~_.'. determine whether the (15) output voltage will be distorted or not.6 ~ .\ -0' .. Sc. USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION -A There are FOUR questions in this section... for Q. feedback resistor for all stages and 741 op-amps.- 1 2.._~ __ ." L-2/T-2/EEE Date: 26/07/2016 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY.5 V/~S. 2(a)..__ __: . (a) Briefly explain common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR) and slew-rate (SR) in connection with op-amp.> = 30~V 6 .. (11) . Given that the slew-rate of op-amp is 0. DHAKA L-2/T-2 B. 1... (a) Detennine the expressions of output voltages for a non-inverting amplifier and a logarithmic amplifier. .. Make necessary assumptions.. -18 and -27. For the circuit shown in Fig. V. for Q.~_#(_t70 _ __?f__ 8 ~ Contd _ P/2 . (12) (b) Design a three-stage cascade amplifier with gains +10. J I ' k '. :~\ I .../O}f9: __ ~~. l(c) . I .

(b) Draw the circuit diagram of a colpitts oscillator and explain how Barkhausen criteria are satisfied in this circuit.02 low-pass Butterworth filter for a cut-off frequency /-IF.2 (b) Determine the wave-shape ofVo for the circuit shown in Fig. Contd P/3 . Design the amplifier to have a closed-loop gain of3. Explain the method of bias current compensation in non-inverting and (12) inverting amplifiers. Assume C] = 0. 5. Also. No. for Q. (a) Draw the ideal and practical frequency response curves for active filters indicating (7) cut-off frequency. 5(a). (c) Design the Wein bridge oscillator to produce a 100 KHz output frequency with an (10) amplitude of:t 9 V. input resistance Rjf and output resistance. hfe = 1. R'of for the circuit shown in Fig. for Q. Assume that (8) V s is a 10 V (peak-to-peak) bipolar triangular wave. (a) Calculate the voltage gain. draw the frequency response curve (including (10) Bode plot) of the designed filter. Given that hie = 1 kD. Avf. pass-band and stop-band. (c) Write down the characteristics of an op-amp those add error components to the DC output voltage.=2= EEE 207 Contd . Q. SECTION -B There are FOUR questions in this section. (a) Establish and state the Barkhausen criteria for sinusoidal oscillators. Answer any THREE. (8) 4. (b) Derive the expression of cut-off frequency for a --40 dB/decade low-pass Butterworth (18) filter. Also.. while hre and hoe are (17) negligible. (c) Design a --40 dB/decade 10 Krad/sec. derive the expression of oscillation frequency for this (17) oscillator.00. 3... 2(b).

5(a) _--- . F (s) _ (s + roz1 )(s . (a) For a complementary-symmetry class-B power amplifier determine the expressions of (15) (i) conversion efficiency and (ii) minimum power rating of each transistor. T(s) = t 100 s l + (1 + Xo)(1 + X 4) .• =3= EEE 207 Contd .. ~---------_ . (b) Design a transformer-coupled class-A power amplifier to drive a load resistance of 8 n if supply voltage. Q. X03)-~ + Xos) From the plot. Also calculate input resistance Rin. (a) Using schematic diagram of a single loop feedback amplifier.7 V. estimate the approximate magnitude at ro = 106 rad/s. transistor P = 100. derive the expressions of input resistance (Rif) and output (18) resistance (Rof) of a voltage series feedback amplifier. power supplied to the load and the power required from the supply (consider maximum undistorted voltage output swing). (15) (c) Sketch Bode plot for the magnitude of the following transfer function. 6. .. symbols have their usual meaning. + o (b) With necessary diagrams. (10) (b) Assume that the low frequency response of an amplifier is given by. roL. symbols have their usual meaning. Assume V BE = 0. No. A f _ A -1 + pA where.(s L (s + roznL + roz2 ) + roP2 ) + roP\)(s (s ) + roPnL) where. current gain Ai = 80 and the (20) transformer has a turns ratio of 8 : 1. Derive the approximate equation for the lower cut-off frequency. Vee = 12 V. What is the exact magnitude at ro = 106 rad/s? (Use graph paper if necessary) Contd P/4 .. 7. Also.-. show that the transfer (10) gain of the amplifier with feedback can be given as. show that this equation is valid even if the 'dominant pole' exists.

so that the low frequency response will be dominated by a pole at 100 Hz.. (18) Given that Voo = 20 V. Also mention how long the collector current remains nonzero for each class.:t \it (b) Briefly explain Miller's theorem.5 kO. (7) (c) Showing Q-point on load line. Rs = 3. (a) Find the values for the coupling capacitors 'CCI I and 'CC2' and the bypass capacitor 'cs' for the amplifier given in Fig. (10) . RGI = 1. Consider the nearest pole or zero will be at least two octave away. Ro = 5 kO. RG2 = 0.=4= EEE 207 8.4 MO. classify BJT power amplifier. for Q. . RL = 10 kO and gm = 4 mAN . R = 100 kO.6 MO. 8(a). ro = 2 MO.

(d) A pump lifts diesel (s. 2. Contd I) P/2 . (c) What is thermal resistance? Write down the expressions for thermal resistance for conduction in case of plane wall. 1. (a) What are the factors that affect Human Comfort? Briefly describe them.L-2/T-2/EEE Date: 31/07/2016 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. Why is this type of (8) refrigeration not used for domestic purposes? (d) A vapor compression refrigeration cycle operates with condenser and evaporator pressure of 1. hollow cylinder and hollow sphere.3 MPa respectively. (b) What are the advantages of cascade refrigeration system? Describe with the help of a (7) P-h diagram. Engineering Examinations 2014-2015 ME 267 (Mechanical Engineering Fundamentals) Full Marks: 210 Time: 3 Hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks.85) from a well that is 40 m below the ground level. The well pressure is about 3 atm and the frictional loss of the suction pipe is 2 cm of water per unit length of pipe. The suction pipe is vertically straight and the vapor pressure of diesel at operating temperature is 0. 3(c). Sc. Draw the equivalent thennal circuit for"the composite wall as shown in the figure for question No. Why is draught tube installed at the (8) exit of a Francis Turbine? (c) With neat sketches briefly describe the main advantages of Turbo-prop engines over (7) Turbo-Jet engines. Answer any THREE.g. (b) Sketch the basic components of a Fan Coil Unit (FCU) and describe its working (10) principle. (a) Draw the T-s and P-h diagrams of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle with (10) throttle valve (expansion device) and briefly discuss its working principle. Find the NPSH and the depth from ground level at (12) which the pump is to be installed. = 0. (c) Draw the block diagram of vapor absorption refrigeration cycle. USE SEPARATE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION -A There are FOUR questions in this section. (b) Compare between impulse and reaction turbines. (10) (10) 3. Also write down the expression for equivalent thermal resistance for the composite wall (15) shown.5 MPa and 0.05 kg/so Find the COP and Tonnage of the refrigeration cycle. DHAKA L-2/T-2 Sub: B. (a) Prove that compressors always consume more power than pumps to increase same (8) amount of fluid pressure. The working fluid is HFC (Ra-134a) which flows at a rate of 0.03 atm.

(iii) The time rate of temperature change at x = 0. . Answer any THREE. Q. (6) 5. No.5 m. (b) The temperature distribution across the wall (1 m thick) at a certain instant of time is (18) gIVen as T(x) = a + bx + cx 2 2 where T is in °C and x is in meters.0.. b = -300°C/m and c = -50°C/m A uniform heat generation. (ii) The rate of change in energy storage in the wall. (6) (c) Discuss the effect of compression ratio on 51 and CI engine performance.F.=2= ME 267/EEE Contd . (ii) Stoichiometric Air-Fuel Ratio. 3 2 q = 1000 W/m 3 k = 40 W/m. 3(c) t-La-t-Lb ka T1 @ = Lc-t-Ld-f kb @ kc (9 kd T2 @ Fj?~ C?n:posi!~. . (b) Mention the different sources of renewable energy and describe with schematic diagram the working principle of a hydro-electric power plant. (a) What is critical insulation thickness? With mathematical derivation discuss the (17) significance of critical insulation radius of a hollow cylinder. Determine: the properties p= 1600 kg/m .all [for question No: 3(c») 4. (d) Draw the P-v and T-s diagrams of Otto cycle. (14) (7) 6. (15) (c) Describe in brief the operation of a 4-stroke SI engine with neat sketches. . (a) Write short notes on(i) LHV..25 and 0. is present in the wall of area 10 m having (i) The rate of heat transfer entering the wall (x = 0) and leaving the wall (x = 1 m). SECTION -B There are FOUR questions in this section.K. (a) Write down the differences between Petrol and Diesel engines. while a = 900°C.K and cp = 4 kJ/kg. Contd P/3 . (b) What is "air-standard cycle"? Deduce the expression of thermal efficiency of an air- (15) standard Diesel cycle in terms of compression ratio and cut-off ratio. Describe how the net work output and (7) the net heat addition can be calculated from these diagrams.

8.1 MPa and 20°C. back-work ratio. (iii) Safety valve. (8) (c) In an air-standard Brayton cycle..s diagrams describe the effect of multistage expansion and compression in Brayton power cycle. (ii) Locomotive. Determine: (15) (i) The pressure and temperature at each point in the cycle. The pressure leaving the compressor is 1. (ii) Superheater. (b) Give brief description of the following boilers with neat sketches - (18) (i) Lancashire. (d) What is Combined Cycle Power Plant? Describe with schematic diagram.=3= ME 267/EEE 7.5 MPa and the maximum temperature in the cycle is l300°e. net work developed and thermal efficiency of the cycle. (iii) Babcock and Wilcox. (a) Write down the functions of - (6) (10) (i) Economiser. turbine work. (a) What do you understand by the "irreversibilities" in a gas turbine system? How does it affect the work output ofthe system? (6) (b) With T. (ii) The compressor work. the air enters the compressor at 0. (c) What are the impracticalities of Camots vapor power cycle? How can the efficiency of a Rankine cycle be increased? (7) . (iv) Fusible plug. (v) Feed check valve.

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respectively. Draw a (20) suitable diagram and locate them. DHAKA L-2/T-2 Sub: B.4 (b) The first 4 moments about the value 4 of the variables are -1.92.8 4. 68 studied psychology. and 8 did not take any of the (20) three.99. 7 studied history but neither mathematics nor psychology. y)lx + y :::. O'xy Contd PI2 (5+15) . (a) Prove that the variance of a rand0}ll variable X is 0'2 = EcX) .1 5. (a) In a senior year of high school graduating class of 100 students.7 6. 22 studied both mathematics and history. The reliability of the entire system is certainly no better than the . If a student is selected at random. USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION-A There are FOUR questions in this section. (b) The behavior of series of components playa huge role in scientific and engineering reliability problems. find (i) tne joint probability distribution of X and Y.L-2/T -2/EEE Date: 06/08/2016 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. Sc. 10 studied all three subjects. (a) Find median. third quartile. Engineering Examinations 2014-2015 MATH 357 (Probability and Statistics) Full Marks : 210 Time: 3 Hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks. 2 and 3. mathematics. Calculate mean and SD. a random sample of 4 pieces of fruit is selected. Represent them graphically and comment on the nature of distribution. 17. Answer any THREE. (ii) a person not taking psychology is taking both history and mathematics. 25 studied both mathematics and psychology. the components operate independently of each other. seventy percentile from the table. where A is the region that is given by {(x.6 9. find the probability that (i) a person enrolled in psychology takes all three subjects. weakest components in the series. In a particular system containing three components the probability of meeting specification for components 1. 2 apples and 3 bananas.95. If X is the number of oranges and Y is the number of apples in the sample. From a sack of fruit containing 3 oranges. -30 and 108. 2.Ii. In a series system.3 10. second decile. (15) 0. 1. 54 studied history. Y) (iii) E A]. and 0. 42 studied . Age (years) Number (million) under 25 25-29 30-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 2. find Karl Pearson's coefficient of Skewness and (15) Kurtosis.5.2}. are 0. If mode is 3.3 4. (ii) p[ (X. Symbols used have their usual meaning. What is the probability that the entire system works? 3.

NO. (a) Find the mean and variance of the Binomial distribution. A commonly used practice " of airline companies is to sell more tickets than actual seats to a particular flight because customers who buy tickets do not always show up for the flight.258 10 7.247-7. (c) Compare the results of part (b) with the theoretical values explaining any discrepancies. Diameter (mm) Frequency 7. a total of 200 tickets was sold. Answer any THREE. An electric firm manufactures a 100-watt light bulb. has a mean life of 900 hours with a standard deviation of 50 hours.271-7. What is the probability that (15) the next service call will require (i) at most 1 hour to repair the heat pump? (ii) at least 2 hours to repair the heat pump? SECTION-B There are FOUR questions in this section. (a) Define sampling method with its purpose and principles.267 39 7.252 6 7. which. 4. =2= MATH 357/EEE Contd . Contd P/3 (20) (5) . taken to repair a heat pump is a random variable X having a gamma distribution with parameters a = 2. ". Select 20 random samples of 5 students each with replacement using the table given below applying random numbers (10) from Appendix-I. 5. Suppose that the percentage of no-shows at flight time is 2%. At most..249 2 7.270 20 7.276 7 total 200 (b) Compute the mean and standard deviation of the sampling distribution of means in part (a).255 8 7.256-7. ~ = l'i.. Q. according to specifications written on the package.250-7. For a particular flight with 197 seats..274-7.•.261 32 7.265-7.3 (b) State Chebyshev's theorem.) (b) Suppose that the time. in hours.253-7. what percentage of the bulbs fail to last (15) even 700 hours? Assume that the distribution is symmetric about the mean.259-7. What is the probability that the airline overbooked this flight? (10+ 10) (Appendix A is provided for this problem.264 63 7.273 13 7.262-7.268-7.

(b) Show that the coefficient of correlation lies between -1 and +1. experimental data on the two variables.9 24. (b) In order to evaluate typewriters of different brands.7 23. (ii) Estimate the shear resistance for a normal stress of24.3 22. (Necessary table is attached).5. (15) was measured and showed in the following table: Diet Subjects A B C D 1 84 35 91 57 2 91 48 71 45 3 122 53 110 71 Perform the analysis of variance using 0..8 25. At the end of the. Test Score 65 50 55 65 55 70 65 70 55 70 70 Chemistry Grade 85 74 76 90 .5 27. The data are presented in the table below: Typewriter Output from typewriter (wpm) A B C D E A Brand 69 62 70 57 62 B Brand 67 72 76 69 71 C Brand 76 70 71 66 77 D Brand 60 64 67 58 66 Contd P/4 . (20) the words per minute (wpm) are recorded. five typists are randomly assigned to each machine and asked to type copy matter for 10 minutes. the normal stress on a specimen is known to be functionally related to the shear resistance. (a) In a study conducted by the DSW office of BUET.4 28. in second. each subject was put on a treadmill and the time to exhaustion.9 23.5 (i) Find two regression equations and regression coefficients.=3= MATH 357/EEE 6.6 25. separating out the diet. Normal stress 26. 7.1 23. 85 87 94 98 81 91 76 Compute and interpret the sample correlation coefficient. 3 diets were assigned for a period.7 28. The following is a set of coded (18) .9 26.6 27.1 Shear resistance 26. and error sum of squares. (a) In a certain type of metal test specimen. Use a P-value to determine if there are significant differences among the diets. of 3 days to each of 4 subjects in a randomized complete block design. At the end of the period. 3-day period.05 level of significance. subject.2 27. The following data represent the chemistry grades for a random sample of 12 freshmen at a certain college along with their scores on an intelligence test administered while they were still seniors in (17) high school.3 24.

Q. carry out an analysis of variance to assess whether the mean wpm on the different brands of typewriters may be assumed to be the same.. = 39. No. The results are as follows: Brand A: xl = 37. 5100 kilometers.. or are different. (a) Ten accountants were given intensive coaching and four tests were conducted in a (18) month. Using a 0. The scores of tests 1 and 4 are given below: No of Accountants 1st test mar k s 2 nd test marks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 50 42 51 42 60 41 70 55 62 38 62 40 61 52 68 51 64 63 72 50 Does the score from test 1 to test 4 show an improvement? Test at 5% level of significance. 7(b) . normally distributed with equal . The tires are run until (17) . 8. an experiment is conducted using 12 of each brand.900 S1 = Brand B: x2 S2 kilometers. they wear out.05 level of significance.-1. (b) Engineers at a large automobile manufacturing company are trying to decide whether to purchase brand A or brand B tires for the company's new models. Assume the populations to be approximately variances. To help them arrive at a decision. Use a P-value at 5% level of significance. (Necessary tabie is attached).800 kilometers = 5900 kilometers Test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the average wear of the two brands of tires.J_ -4MA TH 357 IEEE Contd .

2 0.4 .9975 0...6 2.5239 0.9994 0.-_ .9972 0.6591 2.9744 0.9332 0.0 1.9993 0.9955 0.~ r .8686 0.l'.9582 0.9772 0.8315 0.6664 0.7852 0.5000 0.9495 0.7190 0.06 0.4 1.k.9996 0.9306 0.9633 0.5675 0.9966 0.01 0.9991 0. I Appendix A 752 .•.9131 0.8051 0.03 0.9834 0.9641 3.3 0.9452 0.9952 0.9901 0.9907 0.8997 0.5279 0.99Dfi 0.9798 0.9982 0.9962 0.9535 0.7088 0.04 0.9960 0.9941 0.9964 0.9761 0.9997 0.9994 O.7995 0.9995 0.5832 0. f ~: Ta hIe A.8106 0.9918 0.09S.8621 0.9251 0.9993 0.9265 0.9515 0.5359 .5987 0.9956 0.5753 0.9162 0.9591 0.7580 2.9992 0.9838 0.9893 0.8340 0.8 1.9988 0.7549 0.5714 0.7764 0.5557 0.9993 0.9842 0.9808 0.9927 0.9608 0. W'1"!"~.9957 0.D817 0.9936 0.6772 0.0 0.9997 0.9599 0.9463 0.9994 0.9943 0.6808 0.9997 0.5398 0..7673 0.3 .8133 0.9931 0.7454 0.9974 0.9394 0.9767 0.9778 0.00 .J 0.9884 0.6179 0.8925 0.9830 0.9973 0.07 0.9951 0.9916 0.8186 0.6293 0.8888 0.9997 0.9953 0..6 0.9564 0.9719 0.5 0.9983 0 .5871 0.9977 0.1 0.9976 0."'l"1~.9968 0.9959 0 .9998 0.9803 0.5040 0.8 3.7910 3.3 (continued) Areas under the Normal ~~ z ..9890 0.7 1.8708 0. .9991 0.9979 0.1 1.9357 0.8531 0.9906 0.9732 0.9938 0.9961 0..9993 0.7389 0.6064 0.6103 0.9207 1.9920 0.9864 0.9988 0.8078 0.9997 0.9963 0.9987 0.6141 0.9082 O.9382 0.9980 0.2 3.5596 0.9995 .4 0.8212 0.6255 0.9812 0.9982 0.7324 0.9857 0.9484 0.6026 0.9878 0..0 Curve -- .9177 0.9821 0.770'1 0.7794 0.9995 0.8238 0.7054 0.9875 0.8599 0.6985 0.5319 0.9279 0.5517 0.9904 0.7967 0.9783 0.7257 0.8023 0.9946 0.2 1.9989 0.9429 0.8159 1.9649 0.9997 0. Statistical Tables and Proofs 0.9965 0.8389 0.9750 0.9406 0.7019 0.8461 0.9G78 0.9115 0.9997 D.6700 0.9979 0.9292 0.7823 0.9788 0.9996 0.9981 0.6517 0.9554 0.7 2.9987 0.9441 0.6217 0.9996 0.9850 0.7291 0.8770 0.9991 0.9 .2 2.8869 0.9686 0.5948 0.7486 0.9671 0.9909 0.7939 0.08 0.9861 0.7157 0.9985 0.8 2.9345 0.9370 0.9418 0.9978 0.M7S 0.8729 0.5793 0.9929 0.9970 0.8485 0.5080 0.9986 0.7517 0.6331 0.9726 0.9949 0.9793 0.02 .5120 O.1 . 9969 0.9989 0.9992 0.9989 0.97G6 0.9319 0.8790 0.5636 0.9854 0.8413 0.9693 0.9222 0.4 .7642 0.9192 0.9032 0.6554 2.9940 0.9887 0.8980 0.7 2.9934 0.6879 0.6443 0.8830 0.6 1.9545 0.8962 0.9974 0.9896 0.9871 0.9616 0.9868 0.7422 0.9990 0.9147 0.9922 0.9505 0.5199 0.3 2.9997 0.09 0.8289 0.9738 0.9656 0.7224 0.8810 0.9995 0.9881 0.6368 0.5138 0.6950 0.9713 0.9925 0.7881 0.9525 0.8438 0.9699 0.5160 0.:" - .9756 0.9995 0.6480 0.8749 0.9 0.5 0.9573 0.9994 0.9967 0.6915 0.9 .0.9932 0.9913 0.7611 0.05 0.9986 0.9994 0.6406 0.9987 0.9995 0.9992 0.9948 0.9985 0.9997 0.1 .6736 0.9066 0.9474 0.9990 0.7357 0.9846 0.9826 0.9981 0.3 1.9664 0.9971 0.9898 0.92:3G 0.8365 0.9099 0.0 3.8577 0. 9945 0.8264 0.5910 0.9977 0.7734 0.8508 0.9049 0.7123 0.9015 0.9996 0.8907 0.6844 0.9990 0.9992 0.8643 0..9625 0.6628 0.8665 0.9996 0.5 2.8849 0.8554 0.9984 0.9911 0.8944 0.

. 0 2.2.49.32 2..96 .25 9.67 .2.16 19. 2.543. fO.24 2.76 '.74 2.61 2.34 2. 19. : .45 2.34 2. 237 .t::~/ . 2:21 Ta '.'.90 2. '.35 8. 171{)9 60884 93582 76105 '66974 12973 36081 62898 2i387 55870 .50 3. .1{1 04186 10863 37428 . 2:74 2.87 2. 2.40 3..( .. 2.7. 4.61' 2 3 4 5. 3. 2.71.l IHZ'Il 4218'1 .90 .77 4.012. ~ .26 5.. 4.01 . . 1. 14676 '<. 2. bles fa7 Statzsttczans.85 8.60 . . . 230..032. ~ () . 2.88 '240.11 16 4.45.2Q.48 3.9.42 .42 .70 2. .. ~'.29 ".76 2. ~..37 2.19 . 3. '.39 3. 3. 4 -5 . 2.77 2. .14 2.3. 5 2:53 2. ~ .p8 19.' 3. 4.38 '8.596.27 2.362. .49 2046 2. '. I 741 .312. 3.89 6.6.34 2. .'.37 3.71 .34 3:33 2. '.~. 4.12 2. 3.02 Vol. .39 3. .~4 2 2'6 .96' 2.20 .30' 9. 2.. . I 'APpendix-1 I Random Numbers 51772 24033 45939 30586 03585 64937 156~O 09448 .Pears~n and the Biometrika: Trustees.44 .10 '..12 6. by perillission ofE.952.25 2 .15 3.32 3. 3. .88 19.37 2. 3.63 2. 4:17 .71 2..708 56242 00477 . :._ ~ .59 2.24 '3' 9 3'~~ 3'49 .30 2.of Biometrikii .232:~4 .' 2.32 2. 4915\..'.33..54. .91 2. 19' 20 21 :.123.I . . 8:94 04'. ..58 2.98 3.. i8.39 5.00 9.02 '1..21631 !l1097 .89 3. 2.96 2.71 ~:~~ 3.10 3.18 .96 2. 2.70 .97. Table A.80 3.55 .68 17.54 2. 62586 94623 62290 87843 95863 51135 57683 77331 29114 03355 64759 56301 91157 1'1480 655/14 08263 39817 62257 53298 . .28 9. ~'Ylll : .lle F~Jjistributi@ 1 9fH..64 .32869 '. 6..5.51 .90 .77 2. 2.59 2.84 3. ' . 4:84'.:'i6 .8714 761GB 75936 20507 70185 38723 .: .36. .76 ~. . 00 .fr. ..39.01 2.66 2. 13 3 4 215.79' 3.~6707 85669 'f 46621 \ .06 3.42 .48 333 .~: 2>7~ 2..2.26 3.73 2.16 I r I It .20 3.~ 8'" 9 ~.343. 2. .28 .93 ~':~ .35 3..39 2. .11 .39 3.3:49 . iz '.5424 45406 82322 42331 83587 52078 75797 .66 2.09' 2. 2.3.743.10 '33'00 7 5 3. . 2.22 .' 11645 31041 96799 . 2. 73547 2[. 2.57 2 56 . 2:37.53 4.18 .86 3.42' 2. ~'. +n.:05 . .29 3.25 ".~:. ~.00 2.94 5.24 '26 27" 28 29 . 2. . 8i938 74640 23491 60173 02133 79353 . ~:~~ 3.98 2.23 3. .48 2.01 2.51 2. 4'41 '.5 . .6 CdUcaLValucs lor.' : .7280 74flfiO\ .68 3.28 4...92.2.35 2..50 .S.40 2. .45 2:37 218 .55..01 .' .682. 2.68 2. 2.462..742. 2. 2. 18. . .41 .4. 50020 36732 28868 09908 55261 ~4B19 72484 \l94~1 36574 59009 52934 9'4923 50995 72139' 3.87 3.09 2.53 9 4. . 21960 . 4.70 . .:. 4'38 4:35'" 4'32 224'30 23.3.43 .2.99 6.32' 10 .. .5.2.V2) .59 2.81 3. 2.' Tal>le ..71.61. 19." .' .'l 974fi3 93507 8B116 14070 00745 25439 68829 48653 27279 66253 88036 06652 71590 47152 11022 24034 419H2 16H.25 2.00 4.55 2.4.78 2.2.44 . . 1. 19. 5..94 '.- 4.28 2. I .~ .63 3.46 ..28 3.85 2.4.84 .81 . .18 .54 2.. ' 300 .93 236. 367G4 76552 51817 90985 25134 11785 58892 39238 81812 02479 16530 92843 187'16 15815 30'/63 03878 72828 84303 63700 92486 07516 9134l 07839 64236 16057 95203 21944 84821 46149 19219 23631 02526 63886 03229 45943 05825 33537 99247' 86915 54083 95716 \ I l I 'Table .22 . .. .A. ~. 29044 06568 2.45 2'60 . . 16835 28195 65304 .07 4.18 3...79 ' 161 .:. .04 2..11 3:03' 423 :. J o~ of t. 1Ii1k .88 I.42 2.2q .07 2.'.80 . 7 5 .49 2 2::~ 2.73 3.95 2.30 40 60 120 .29 2.OS(VI..om Table 18 .40 2.57 25 .10 2.69 .71.21 2. 3.2. 2.36 3.51 2. . .77 19. '2. VI V21 ~ 2 199..00 3 92 3'84'.}. 3. . .. 2..82 . 6.9 35683 1580. 233.66 2.1 6'/283' .53 8 238.37 19.65 2.09 4.603.~~ .69 2~85'..99 4. . 3.Reproduced .~33.15 3 07 .41 ~:4.. 3.71 224. ~.17 . 24 25'4.. .26 4:10 .83 2.81 . 50532 07136 27989 85184 54398 20790 98527 30277 60710 06829 25496 40876 64728 '13949 21154 95652 79971 10744 36601 97810 42457 54195 08396 46253 34:n J OfJ5fn 85762 4R236 79443 62545 65!J52 G790(1 0407'7 90276 of-Distribution Probability 55189 41889 85418 ..- I . .33 . .27 2.51' 1013 .82.21 3.4' 08 . 6:04 6. :45 .. .16 /32.

39 2.2. 2.25 2.70 2.78 1.02 1.96 1.4.83 2.48 2.77 1. ~1~6yv~-or " ' " .'74 243.80 5.86 -2.46.' 8. '2.11 .1.95 2.01 .67 1.74 .45 19.94 1. 2.23 2.94 1.51 1.42 2.88 19. 1h) Vl V2 10 12 15 1 2 3 4 5 241.97 1.24 2.2.64 .(32 8.2. 1.85 2.03 .47 19.70 3. 2. 253.62 2.40 .73 .96 2.35 2.75 .10 2.87 1. 2.45 2..98 1.2.4 2049 254.98 .81 1.ribl1tiOll .79 .70 1..87.67 3.14 2.21 2..33 2..25 2.07 .20 2.84 1.07 2.99 2.92 1.46 1.19 2:18 2.66 8.65 2.96 .38 2.46 2.69 1. 8.' 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 .62 .39 1.16 9 16 '..81 ..95 1.01 1.19 2.64 1.53 4. 2. . 2. '.- .53 ..61 1.5.15.15 2.40 3. 252.84 2.44.1. 2.15 2.07 2.55 5.22 2.01 1. .12 '.77 1.91 1.32 1.68 6 7 8 10 4.76 1.35 3.62 3.25.40 8.51 2..35 ..66 .99 1.74 3.'74 1.15 2.50 8.61 2.18 2.41 .27 2.85 1.35 2.57 .13 2.57 5.75 1.56 4."1== .93 1.49 .68 1.01 249. 2.28.01 2.54 2.79 1.31 2.45 2.72 2.88 .10 2.7 4.38 .07 2.1.08 2. 4. 1. ~ .98 1. 1..97 2.75 2:58 3.22 3.74 .71 1.04 2.93 1.58 1.20 2.34 2.54 2.65 1.60 2. 3.84 1.25 2. '.120 '00 '.75 1.11 2.96 1.06 3.89 1.34 2.69 1.08 1.2.1.47 1. 19.29 2:57 2. : 3. 2.18 .73 '.91 4.35 .01 2.98 1.50 4.64 . 1.36 .18 .92 1. 1.23 2.79 1. 1.86 5.79 2. .95 248.10 251.19 "2.22 1.22 2.15 2.2.30 2. fo.' 2.01 1.90.16 2..49 ..92 • 1. 2. 1. 1.•.1.19 2.38 2./: .~.13 2.27 2.43 1.88 1.34 2.92 1.85 1:84 .00 1.43 2. 2 .06 2.15 2.94 i90 2.66 : 1.53 2.69 4.20 2. :' .20 2..65 1.90 .81 3.23 2.39 1.91 .75 5.08 3..25 19.94 1.46 3. 2.96 1.31 2:27 2.94 .55 1.67 2.09 2:07 2.14 19.93 . V' Appendix A 742 Statistical Tables and Proofs .74 1.' 2. 17 18 19 20 .83 2.89 1.24 2.67. 1.99 1.91 11 12 13 14 15 2. 2.53 2.13 2.75 1.34 3.82 1. 2.06 .23 .70 1.53 2.30 .05 2. 28 29 30 40 60 .66 120 60 00.05 250.31 19.7.79 1.04 2.05 (Vl.16 2.59 1.52 1. 2.03 2.01 2.69 2.06 2.04 3.38 3.90 .79.41 3.71 1." ~hhit\fZ~ .60 2.4.91 19.53 5.05 2.09.40 2.03.28 2.Dis(.59 5.75 1.91 1.75 2.F.62 1.71' 2.93 2.42 2.77 3.20 19.16 2.30 3.11 .46 . 1. 1.84 3. 3.12 3.06 .63 4.79 2.28 3. 3:51 3. 2.84 1.57 3.12 2.00 3.31 2.70 .01 2.43 19.64 3. 20 24 30 40 245.84 1.48 8. Table' A:6 (~61lblllled) Critieai VlJlue~ of the .43.72 5.89 1..8.45 8.84 1.85 2. 5. 4.86 1. .83 1.11 2.41 8. < 1.82 1.97 1.11 2.80 1.77 2.32 2. 5.27 2.81 1.03 1.87 1:92 1.50 1.96 1.10 2.25 2.00 .30 .47 2.81 1. (.38 2.

f" .447 2. ex v 0.067 ._~ . 1. ~ Table 'AA Critical Vililies of the t-D'istribuUon' 0 '.083 '1.20 0.862 '.729 1.314 2.057 1.876 0.321 1.257 0:257 0.860 1.311 1.6 0.532 0.j Student Table A.080 2.•.386 1.440 1.%.533 0.257 0. tcDist7'ibution Probability Table 737 '. 1.0.476 6.85.0i5 12.530 0.559 6 7 8 9 . 0.397 1.•.318 1. .=.906 0.1. -.2~8 0.1. -' .110 2.833 1.776 .771 1.259 0.372 1.532 0.066 1.•.851 0.0.079 1."' . 1.060 0. LOQ3 1.883 .746 1.131 0.721 1.255 0..064 .074 1.863 0.0.415 1.341 1.943 1. 27 28 29 30 40 60 120 .063 1.530 0.350 1.854 1.120 2. ~.055 1.2.267 0.960 1. It.527.363 1.699 .055 .543 0.088 1.531 0. -'.857 0.645 2.845 .289 1. .306 2:262 2.855 .714 1.896 0.658 1.093 2.0. .531 0:531 12 13.725 2.858 0.101 2.782 1. 0.042 0.727 0.058 . 1.253 0.2.323.920 2.708 2.10 0.228 1.531 .265 0.064 1. 0.740 .753 2.1.- ..529 0.886 1.711 1. I ~ .866 0.761 1.57i 1.684 1. .1.539 0.980 1..697 2.303 1.132 2..134 1.250 .256 0.345 1... 0.584 0.671.353 2. i.316 1.524 0.145 . 0.333 1.254 6.701 1.0.100.•.--_.920 2._ .854 0.061 .0. 0.256 .889 0.263 6. 0. .256 0.182 .856 1.330 1.• 0. 0.059.256 .2. 0.056 .978 0.201 2. 0.319 1.061 1.536 .865 .257 0. U08 1.546 0.15 0. 1. 2.365 2.060 1.052 2:048. v' _.328 1. :.540 0.325 1.256 .119 .074 2.<~- .842 1.036 .870 .260 0.078 1.0.160 2. ---_. . 00 0.859 0.296 1.868 0.533 1.376 1.256 0:256 0.314 1. 2:045 2.058 1.569 .706 1.532 0.071 1.260 0:553 0.703 1.1. 0.258 0.~~-- .873 0.05 0.190 1.895 1.076 1.383 1.056 '.617 0..963 1.271 .356 1..025 1. 10 0.337 1.941 0.315 1.879 iI .069 1. 0.313 1.~ '" // __ .534 0. 1.858 0.40 1 2 3 4 5 0.542 0.045 1..000 1.706 4.256 . 21 22 23 24 25 '26 0.050 1.2.860 1.0. 1.258 0. _ .537 0.156 3.086 0.848 0.538 0.257 ..021 2. 0.261 0.534 .30 0.310 1.549 ..069 2.638 .282 1.734 1.277 .526 0.812 .4. - ..796 1.256 .259 O.535 0.. 17 18 19 20 .254 0.71.861 0. '.530 0. ". 14 15 16 .855 0.262 .179 2.533 0.303 3.325 0.041 .7 1.289 0.

The series field consists of 25 turns per pole. (b) What are the possible causes if a shunt generator is started and no voltage builds up? (18) How can this problem be remedied? (c) The following data refer to the OCC of a separately excited DC generator at 1000 (15) rpm. (a) Why commutators are used in DC. (b) A 250 V series DC motor has compensating windings and a total series resistance (RA +Rs) of 0. Answer any THREE. I_. (a) Name and describe the features of different types of DC generators.9 195 1. DHAKA L-2/T-2 B.:machines? Illustratively show whether the number of commutator segments has any effect on the average value of the output voltage of a (15) DC generator. Sc.5 145 0. I EaO!) I I fAA) I 5 0. find the speed and induced torque of this motor (17) for when its armature current is 50 A. Neglect the effect of armature reaction and brush drop and assume armature resistance RA to be 0. 3.08 n. USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION -A There are FOUR questions in this Section. discuss the problems that flux weakening causes in both DC generators and motors.3 100 0. (b) What are equalizers or equalizing bars? In which type of DC machine they are needed (10) and why? (c) In reference to armature reaction. No.~ Contd" P/2 .8 n.6 162 0. for Q.2 175 I 0.2 The machine is now connected as a shunt generator with a total field resistance of 200 n.7 178 0. (a) What happens in a shunt DC motor if its field circuit opens while it is running? How can the speed of a shunt DC motor be controlled? Explain those methods in detail with (18) appropriate diagrams and keeping in mind the power and torque limits ofthe motor. Engineering Examinations 2013-2014 Sub: EEE 205 (Energy Conversion II) Full Marks : 210 Time: 3 Hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks.8 188 0. Which machine (motor or generator) is more vulnerable (10) tothis problem? (10) 2.0 200 1.0 140 10. 1. field and load currents when the terminal voltage is found to be 150 V. with the magnetization curve shown in the Fig.1 205 1. 3(b). All the Symbols and notations have their usual meanings.Ii Date: 01107/2015 L-2/T -2/EEE BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY.4 124 0. Estimate graphically: (i) the voltage to which the generator will build up at no load (ii) the armature.

Explain why the short circuit characteristics of a synchronous generator is a straight line. (a) What conditions are neces~ary for paralleling synchronous generator to an infinite (10) Bus? (b) Why must the oncoming penerator on a power system be paralleled at a higher (7) frequency than that of the running system? Explain using house diagram. If the I annual average amount of elt.t of a typical PV cell.0.5 MW for 50% of time.2 kV. (i) What is its voltage regul~tion? (ii) What would be the voltage and apparent power rating of this generator if it were operated at 50 Hz with the ~ame armature and field losses as it had at 60 Hz? (iii) What would be the voltage regulation ofthis generator at 50 Hz? 6. (b) Why should people use r~newable energy? Draw the scheme of battery-backed solar (12) power-driven system for DC load. (a) What are the starting prob~ems of a synchronous motor? Explain the methods of starting synchronous motors (i) by changing the frequency of supply and (ii) by using (17) Amortisseur windings.=2= EEE 205 4. 0. (a) Explain how the synchronous I generator model parameters are found form tests. 13. Its s)1l1chronous reactance is 0. and 60 Hz. SECTION-B There are FOUR questions in this Section.ctricity used by a consumer of the neighboring area is 10 MWHr. Contd P/3 . (c) A wind farm has 40 wind turbines each generating 0. (18) (c) With appropriate house diagram explain the following(i) How can the real power sharing between two generators be controlled without I affecting the system's frequency? (ii) How can the reactive poWer sharing between two generators be controlled without I affecting the system's termiri. Show the following effects on the I-V (11) characteristics of such a solar cell: (i) effect of resistances (ii) effect of temperature. (15) (b) A three-phase Y-connected synchronous generator is rated 120 MVA.9 . and its resistance may be (20) ignored. 5.al voltage? 7. Answer any THREE.8 PF lagging. (a) Draw the equivalent circui. then determine (i) the 'number of consumers that the wind farm can supply power to and (ii) the number of ~uch wind farms that cumulatively can generate power (12) equivalent to a 500 MW fossil fuel power station.

(b) A synchronous motor is operating at a fixed real load and its field current is increased.. 375-kVA. 3(b) 8000 9000 10.8 PF -leading.m? What is its new value? (iii) What is the power fa9tor of the motor after the increase in motor flux? 8.7 (b) A 480 V. If the armature current falls.1 n Y-connected synchronous motor and a negligible armature resistance.• • =3= EEE 205 Contd . (i) Calculate the magnitude and angles of EA for both machines. (a) Is a synchronous motor's: field circuit is more vulnerable to overheating when it is (13) operating at a leading or at a lagging power factor? Explain using phasor diagram. (ii) If the flux of the mot?r is increased by 10 percent. (c) When a synchronous ytlotor would be used even though its constant (12) characteristics were not neede4? Explain briefly. 0. The synchronous generator is adj~sted to have a terminal voltage of 480 V when the motor is (18) drawing the rated power at unity power factor.' Y connected synchronous synchronous reactance of 0. 0. what happens to the terminal voltage of the power syste. Q. lurns Fig.4 n and a negligible armature resistance.8I PF-Iagging. 300 2:50 It•• "" 1200 rh1lin >• ~ ~ ~ 200 <II ~ ISO t! ! <II 00 ! - 100 1000 i 3000 4000 speed SOOO 6000 7000 Field magnelomolive fecce go. Was the motor initially operating at a lagging or a leading (10) power factor? Explain using phasor diagram.80-kW. with a synchronous reactance generator has a of 1. for Q.. No.000 . A . No. This generator is supplying power to a 480 V..

(a) Draw the circuit diagram of a Wein-Bridge Oscillator Using op-amp and other necessary components and derive the expression of oscillation frequency. ... It will be opened at t = 5 sec and remains open till t = 10 sec (i.•._ .5L . Consider that the switch is initially closed. Assume ideal case..e...._ .... Also develop (16) the condition for the sustained sinusoidal oscillation.. . . ''''_'Vo3 . (15) (b) Derive the expression of cut-off frequency for a +40dB/decade Butterworth filter.... 3..... 1 - 2..•••••••••••••••.. l(c)) ISs). Vo2 and Vo3 for the following circuit (Fig.. Determine the value of (5) maximum frequency....V ~.. _ ~ "-F\~~: ¥ _. calculate the quality factor of the filter and comment on whether the filter is narrow band or wide band.. (c) Draw the wave shapes ofVoJ. C .:tJ~ )OKn..L-2/T-2/EEE Date: 08/07/2015 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY.. (a) What are the characteristics of an ideal op-amp? (b) Draw the circuit diagram of a differential amplifier using op-amp and show that the (12) output voltage is directly proportional to the difference of its input voltages..••••.••••••••••••••••••• :!..(G) ... (a) Design a 3rd order bandpass filter with resonant frequency of 950 Hz and bandwidth of 2700 Hz.. Sc.5 V/l-ts.1.s=.::::... DHAKA L-2/T-2 B.. .••• ~. f = Imax.. You can get an undistorted sine wave output voltages 10 sin2n:£naJ at maximum frequency.•... (15) (c) The slew rate for a 741 op-amp is 0. "'0'_' @: •... Also. Contd P/2 .•.. Answer any THREE.f ~Ok. USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION-A There are FOUR questions in this Section... the switch will be closed (17) again at t = 10 sec).. (6) 1. Engineering Examinations 2013-2014 Sub: EEE 207 (Electronics Full Marks : 210 II) Time: 3 Hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks. for for a time period of 15 sec (t = 0 to t = Q.

-._-. Make necessary assumptions and consider that tJ19 (12) coils are wound on separate core. .--.."-'"''. _ ••• __ .. 4(b) considering non-ideal effects of input bias currents for the op-amp (i.e.. RM = 10k nand to compensate the .-.lllf capacitor and an op-amp with :t1 OV s-ppply....--ELtv-J:PT~-. ... I '\h~ '~'"' ' ' '_' ' ' ' o ••••••..... drift in specified as 20 IlV/oC... (7) Consider ideal op-amp.....••••••••••. consider th~ effect of both IB+ and IB.'V6--'-"'~'w""-._. Vio = 2 mV at 25°C calculate the error in the output voltage due to Vio only at 2$OC. NO... +.. Contd P/3 ... .-.. ..CC:.. (ii) What is the best value of RN if the source resistance is Ion 1 non-ideal effect of op-amp..)..1 4....__...__ ••••• .3 (b) Design a Hartley oscillator to produce a 5 kHz output frequency...._.••••• ..-._. Also draw the reactance versus fr~quency j (10) curve of the crystal.... .: ..... For offset volta~e. _ •.. (a) Draw the equivalent circ\lit diagram and derive the expression of the equivalont reactance of a crystal used in crystal oscillator... for Q..simultaneou~ly)...3..~ . (b) (i) Drive the expression o~ output voltage for the following circuit (Fig.. Use 0 . Rj = 1 k n. for Q.._ "..__...-t!:!_ . (iii) If input offset voltage. R[ = 1M n. Find the maximum error in output voltage due to drift in Vio as temperature changes from I " (25) 25°C to 75°C._. Q.=2= EEE 207 Contd . 3(0).." : I _ '..~y.~.. (c) Derive the expression of 'Output voltage for the following circuit (Fig..

.. (b) Draw the small signal equivalent circuits of current and trasnconductance amplifiers. .7 V. '7<E . hfi~= 150 of -lmA/V~ a voltage n. " v.. 7(b) .... Pmax = 2 = 100. Vee eac transIstor IS........ Given. --Re.ve feed back in an amplifier? Briefly discuss.. 0 f h . output resistance. If Rs = 1 k n. prove that maXImum power ratmg .• • =3= EEE 207 SECTION -B There are FOUR questions in this Section.. for Q... (v) Rof. 5. for Q. @ 2 IVSEI= 0.. R = f n load to ::!:4Vfor a low-frequency 10 n.. For voltag{'. \fe~ (18) ...... i Contd P/4 ... All symbols have their usual meaning. 5(a) has an overall transconductance gain of -4 and a desensitivity of 50. Calculate- (i) Rz and C1 (ii) Rio (iii) Ai (iv) Power delivered from the supply (v) Power delivered to the load (vi) Power rating of each transistor. Rif> Rj and RQf< Ro.. 5(a) and derive expressions for input resistance. Find (i) R~ (ii) R(_ (iii) Rif (17) (iv) Rof. overall transconductance and overall voltage gain with feed back.el ~ 1- VL:. (a) Draw the block diagrams of different feedback topologies... . _ _ _... (10) 4~ RL (c) Design the amplifier in Fig.... ~" . (b) The circuit of Fig. ___ 0 .-series (17) feedback show that... Answer any THREE.... (b) For the Diode compensated c1ass-B Push-Pull amplifier shown in the Fig.... . for Q... Vee = (15) 15 V. 7.~/a::fi~. (a) For an inductivity coupled c1ass-A amplifier draw the load lines and show that (10) maximum power conversion efficiency is 50%. _ :i~~r ... . (a) Identify the feedback topology in the Fig.::~:Pi)~~... where symbols have their usual meaning.. for Q 7(b) to drive a 4 3-dB point of 50 Hz.. ~_ ..~. 6. (8) (10) (c) What are the advantages of ... where symbols have their usual meaning.

=4= EEE 207 Contd . . . (ii) Does dominant pole condition exist? (iii) What are the valves of approximate and exact cut off frequencies? (iv) At approximate cut off frequency calculate the approximate and exact magnitude of the low frequency response function. 7(c) [Hint: Draw the mid-frequency and input equivalent circuit and use. /2 -vBE -vLp . I 2 (b) Consider a specific low frequency response function. WL = \j'wp2I + wp22 - 2w.(s+wptXs+wp2J Assuming. No..2w. (i) Sketch the Bode plot for both magnitude and phase on a graph paper. . dominant pole does not exist show that cutoff frequency. Q. Vee R2 == .(s+wztXs+wz2) . ] lbp 8.. (a) The low frequency response of an amplifier is given by the function- F L (10) (s). (25) .

8. (12) 1. At the beginning of the compression process. Steam table (2 pages) attached. (a) How does an intercooler and a reheater improves the efficiency of a Brayton cycle. determine (i) the pressure during reheat process. (cp = 1. Describe how the net work output and (6) the net heat addition can be cal~ulated from these diagrams.005 ~J/kg K. [Assume the steam is reheated to the inlet temperature (18) of the high pressure turbine] 2. (a) Distinguish between the fo~lowings: (i) Control volume and Coptrol mass (ii) Intensive properties an~ Extensive properties (iii) Open FWH and Close~ FWH (b) Write down the general fqrm of steady flow energy equation and simplify it for the (5) following devise: (i) Turbine (ii) Boiler (c) Consider a stream power plant operating under ideal reheat Rankine cycle. Engineering Examinations 2013-2014 ME 267 (Mechanical Engineering Fundamentals) Full Marks : 210 Time: 3 Hours The figur~s in the margin indicate full marks. If the moisture content of the steam at the exit of the low pressure turbine is 11. 3. (b) Deduce the expression f~r an Otto cycle efficiency and hence draw a plot of (12) efficiency vs compression ratio.L-2/T -2/EEE Date: 02/08/2015 BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. USE SEP ARA TE SCRIPTS FOR EACH SECTION SECTION -A There are FOUR Q"4estionsin this Section. Detennine (i) the temperature after the heat addition process. CV = (17) 0. (a) Draw the p-V and T-s diagrams of Otto cycle.c.718 kJ/kg K). DHAKA L-2/T-2 Sub: B. (ii) the thermal efficiency.9 percent. I (10) Explain with necessary diagra~s. and (iii) the mean I effective pressure. (c) An air-standard Diesel cycl~ has a compression ratio of 16 and a cutoff ratio of 2. Steam enters the high pressure turbin~ at 12.5 MPa and 600°C and is condensed at a pressure of 10 kPa in the condenser. Answer any THREE. air is at 95 kPa and 27°C. (5) (b) Draw the block and T-s diagram of a combined gas-vapor power cycle. and (ii) the thermal efficiency of the cycle. I Contd P/2 .

2.-. determine (i) back work ratio. If the regenerator effectiveness is 80%. (ii) Thermal diffusivity.\ :. kA = 175 W/mooC ks = 35 kc = 60 B " ko = 80 .718 kJlkg K constant. No. As Ao q = I c A T= 370°C I 0 ! I .)----. (a) Write short notes on the following: (i) Thermal conductivity. L w .=2= ME 267(EEE) Contd . (c) Find the heat transfer per: unit area through the composite wall sketched below. (b) Discuss critical thickness pf insulation. Deduce the expression of critical radius of (12) insulation. Answer any THREE.Ctg~~~~-~~-4-(. (10) 4. Contd 0 . . The pressure ratio across each stage of the compressor is 3... ~-..3 (c) Consider an ideal gas turbine cycle with regeneration and two stages of compression with intercooling.005 kJ(kg K and Cy= 0._-----' ~--.i 1--7. .0 P/3 . (8) (b) State the phenomenon of cavitation and its effect on a centrifugal pump.0cm~ \t . (13) Assume one-dimensional heat ~ow. The air enters each stage of the compressor at 300 K and the turbine at 1300 K. (a) Drive Bernoulli equation mentioning the assumptions along a stream line of a flow (12) field.~. (c) Draw and explain the performance curve and the system characteristics curve for a centrifugal pumps. (iii) Forced convection.5cm-+5. Q.. and (iv) Emissivity. Cp = 1.5cm-W . Also draw head vs flow rate curves for pumps connected in series and (15) parallel. Condider. 5. 'SU'" •• -. SECTION -B There are FOUR questions in this Section. and (ii) thermal efficiency of the (20) cycle.

I (b) Draw a block diagram of aplmonia-water vapor absorption refrigeration system and describe" its working principle. (15) (c) Identify the following items as mountings or accessories and write down the specific function. A thin flat plate of area 0. (5) (b) Mention the basic source of renewable energy and describe with schematic diagram the working principle of a hydroelectric power plant.6 m2 is pulled with a velocity of 0.e force requirement to maintain this motion. (15) 7. Calculate: (i) the refrigerating effect k~/kg. The space between the two plane surfaces is filled with oil of viscosity 0. (10) (d) Compare between impulse and reaction turbines.10°C. Find th. (a) For a particular situation. (v) the volume flow rate measured at compressor suction and (vi) the compressor discharge temperature. (7) 8. (a) A standard vapor refrigeration cycle developing 50 kW of refrigeration using R-22 operates with a condensing temperature of 36°C and an evaporating temperature of (15) .6 Ns/m2. (10) (c) With a net sketch describe t~e working principle of external gear pump. (i) Air preheater (ii) Fusibly plug (iii) Economizer (iv) Safety valve (v) water level indicator. (15) (c) Two large horizontal and fixed parallel surfaces are 30 mm apart. (5) .67 rn/s parallel to plane surfaces. (iv) the COP. if the outside air is at 22°C DBT and 50% RH. what will be its new relative humidity and density? (8) (b) Give a comparative study b~tween window AlC unit and split AlC unit. (ii) the circulation rate of refrigerant in kg/sec. (a) Draw the flow chart for fossilized vegetation necessary to extract Anthracitic coal. (iii) the power required by t~e compressor in kW. at a distance of 20 mm from the top surface. what is the dew point temperature and humidity ratio of this air? If the air is sensibly heated to 30°C.=3= ME 267(EEE) 6.

2150 0.001115 0.5711 4. hfg Sat.5865 6. Evap.3427 0.90 683.6750 7.7187 0. .95 761.2646 5.2536 7.1 2773.6166 4.1 2069.1271 7.8857 0.65 814.82 225.5 2432.3740 1.6 2002.44 384.3951: 8.001 139 0.01 29. liquid vf vg uf 0.8959 6.' I ( $1al1l: • ftem!!».5776 '.3 2553.4 2781.01 1.9312 1.32 .2438 7.9383 6.10 548.6 2700.60 133.6 2326.00 1.Irated water-Pressure table $l}Jlecsfic voDi!nme m3/kg I .25 584.001079 0.1593 1.34 798..9627 1.6940 1.8 1972.4 2721.4 1965.90 0.4 2278.7 2618.3 2066.001 104 0.150 0.6 1973.6441 6.93 151.09 187.95 1.'! 7..31 Evap. ufg Sat.31 622.30 54.6647 4.0910 1.44 2088.3 2763.6058 0. /:' .20 317.38 271.81 781.47 721.9175 6.6847 6.2 2420.7275 1.1 2039.37 548.49 520.649 6.001070 0.32 467.8320 0.90 583.5243 0.15 572.7893 6.48 101..3749 0.11 486.77 639.4869 4.6 2501.0 2451.c" 8.001043 0.4 2771.4455 5.6 1806.93 2258.5 1830.001001 0.4564.6072 1.0527 7.001061 0.275 0.3120 0. 4.2270 0.I I .240 2.3311 8.85 0.6 1934.47 573.0520 7.60 0.0 2529.2130 8.5 1982.95 594.29 813.0 2685.81 53.71 73.40 0.3545 0.5 2057.7 2519.3 2163.4 2578.56 684.11 732.3801 5.7 1986.2556 0.8 1847.9 2307.5 2567.5 2574.0 2766..4629 8.5280 4.125 0.200 0.7703 .0710 .2515 6.7 2456..0085 ".20 1.7 2338.40 604.8 1777.23 124.3 2636.7 2743.2231 8.5 2693.75 0.81 604.78 Internal energy Sat.001 101 0.39 ~Il'ess.29 45.97 60.7549 0.7 2599. liquid hf 0.6628 6.5 2748.6 2213.02 7.001108 0.5 2540.0 2675.7 1838.0 2548.64 720.2515". 8.:m "'>.7 i~~ Enthalpy kJ/kg kJJ/kg Sat.1172 2.48 88.7 2406. ~ '"I.001030 0.3 2346.49 384.86 155.3201 5.6041 6.37 116.9 2108.68 780.204 5.5 2293.88 141.4764 0. 138.1 2776.3 2155.50 0.45 0.90 289.5 2591.8931 0.7'766 1.6 1.78 191.1 2015.5 2415.0 2148.6 2031.3 2385.25 45.7 2191.49 101.0.06 64.0 2086.001000 0.001017 0.6 2133.22 742.7600 6. 0.0036 0.7158 4.001037 206.001127 0.53 340.5 2143. 7.7331 6.9652 6.9187 7. "j-.98 67.2404 0. liquid Sat.3 2399.4226 0.1387 2.2 2582.0568 5. °e T. 10 1.5 2052.14 129.3 2355.2 2525.325 0.91 184.1 2609.72 535.5301 1.001097 0.8 2729.2233 7.7006 1.1 2468.17753 0.1 2000.9104 5.3 2513.5 2404.69 179.5173 5.3 1949.. :.3 2336.217 0.001064 0.4 2140."~.2 2305.7237 .36 444.0 417.0 2392.01 164.6 2201.80 504.4 2191.0 2583.001 133 0.4746'.8565 6.3 2778.3 2756.001002 0. vapor hg 2501.6573 0.6 2576.4 2048.2 2179.001005 0.3744 4.3 2586.97 69.9 2470.82 168.48 158.001121 0.4 2226.9 2448.25 640.4 1791.9 2557.0 2483.i 7.229 3..3026 1.0 2753.68 655.16333 0.55 0.46 444.74 623.2607 0.9 2423.6 2120.4 2543. vapor ug 2375.8213 6.9 2496.2042 0.96 32.001008 0.40 271.0 2545.48 88.5 2430.".1 1822.001093 0.6718 1.1 1876.:.96 175.5764 0.001014 0.4 2561.19444 0.9919 6.8247 6.1 2533.50 21.1 2181.83 753.f:0 8.1 2574.44 708.6226 6. vapor Sat.21 87.2. 4.64 0.0 2315.85 162.97 167.06 120.5 1897.4478 4.001118 0.59 561. 8.09 797.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 75 13.71 73.22 709.1 2572.15125 417.9 2663.i 8.9606 4.8 2725.8288 4.6 2444.83 751.5706 1.00 127.: 8.7 2038.001 112 0.8607 1.10 75.7686

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7..24 14.58 340.225 0.4 2112.8 2205.3749 1.9 2551.47 535.4953 .001048 0.08 24.5536 6.1 2524.5009 7.300 0.5 2241.7 2282.0 F~ ~:~id~~~~~ K) H~~~HErHm.4 2514.65 0.06.3 2712.6 1921.001084 0.43 172.32 669.001003 0.38 177.8 2738.7080 6.4625 0.00 29.80 0.4336 1.8 2584.4 1886.2434 8.I{ /fJ'ess.4 2477.2 2625.8314.5029 6.001027 0.001124 0.7 2506.27 741.001144 1.ldP'1Ql '!~P06113 / .001088 0.-l • .30 99.001081 0.8 2373.5 2013.6 2561.5939".63 147.78 170.0359 4.993 3.4140 0.63 105.0878 7.92 251.70 520.3157 0.56 696.5 2588.7 2246.9 2540..5970 5.001067 0.99 111.001020 0.5 2554.98 15 2.23 317.001004 0.1 2319. :.1717 7.67 10.6493 0.5620 0.001073' 0.6408 1.1647 5.7 2463.001001 0.0946 2.8 2076.7 2097. .9 2023.5 2546.8 2645.7528 1.1792 2.03 17.2 2564.9 2025.250 0.9405 6.3067 4.0200 2.9922 2.00 54.8973 1.4914 0. 143.1193 5.0 5.22 731.•.79 191.2729 0.7897 5.93 289.350 0.4 2408.2 2159.83 225.0 25 3.28 697.2 2784.70 0.9439 1.19 466.3594 7.46 137.001057 0.88 40.0 2393.08 28.175 0.001000 0.~: 7.3 2533.7 1856.33 91.89 561.67000] 7.1 2222.5 2716.45 137.100 0.30 54.44 130.5 2437.93 670.9 2706.5233 6.001053 0.0766 6.6 2580.33 594.9085'\: " :".8207 1.30 .87 81.7933 0.0462 2.04 121.0259 1.94 486.2927 0.1502 \:.9 2172.7 2787.5 2570.001022 0.05 121.0 2760..3 2484.55 136.23 665.1 2732.94 251. ~ .4849 1.9 1956.81 168.6432.2844 7.6868 5.2 1991.19 19.2 1909..5 1866.99 191.67 34.7 2261.6 2460.2130 5.8 2735.0 7.6421 6.8920 4.80 28.001076 0.4 2375.375 0. 1MI1l»<9l 0.0 2769..2166 2.0209 6.001010 0.02 762.1 2358.99 504.1 2537.

0701 0.05457 2667..3 6.03677 30552 33861 6. 300 005884 2725.1 5.2 6.0 5391.88°C) = P 8.7 1100 0.3 3876.0 MPa (263.6 7.r 5.05430 4439.0 7.3 3204.2055 0.2555 0.2108 0.4 6.7 2987.jJ/kg < t1".3 2960.7975 0.9 3855.8 7.3 3039.05481 3443.9 5123.7055 p Sat.3 6.7 7.4474 0.6376 0.8 3138.0MPa (311.1 4352.. 600 0.06°C) 0. .3783 0.06312 4234. 300 = 6.3 7.04730 26503 2863.5 MPa (257.8 5.3 7.6 4627.0740 0.1300 0.3 550 6.08002 3010.6290 0.3 2838.rJ/lfr.0 7..3 1200 8.1933 0.4 73688 008765 3276.0 4371.5 7.2812 800 0..1 5.03244 2589.40°C) P = 10.10762 38407 4378.2 8.07869 3273.3 70894 0.8 7. ~1.3520 " 1200 0.4596 0.5 73110 0.0 2924. 8.8186 500 0.9 4872.0 4865.4478 0.05195 31672 3530.02995 2747.3 2801.3 7.5822 006097 3636.7906 6.6141 325 0.2 7.02560 3021.3 5393.' 6.02993 2848.8 2758.t" ~~ / T v U ate m3/r.4 4625.04739 2892.06981 3639.2 60674 0.0 4123.3 7.0361 0.8 4879.49°C) u kJ/lltg P = h C{J/kg s kJ/(kg " .2 8.8778 0.9363 0. P = 9.12648 4245.5122 800 0.8 7.5182 000 0.0 8.3 400 0.4 7.7561 0.5 .02947 2632.7 6.05214 2988.4 0.10377 4667.6 6.1 3674.5 51285 1300 8.2 7.3476 0.9 3301.1401 0.019861 2610.02975 2943.5 7.3747 0.04416 29780 32871 6.2 4380.4618 550 003987 3152.9 3213.7 2784.0 3670.2589: 700 0.03460 3422.9 3882.9029 0.40°C) u h s v ltd/kg kJ/fll:g IkJ/(kg' K) m3/kg = P 4.6 67690 0.7 32720 65551 500 005665 3082.0398 0.07669 3835.9 6.3 4875.9 8. 1612~ 1000 0.02426 2590.05832 4027.02048 25578 27421 56772 0.10911 3648.0 5398. 275 0.8727 0.2854 0.13587 4456.4 2724.06330 2999.1 6.2 3256.2 3422.9305 0.4 3016.03248 3324.3 3439.6783 0.05349 3826.07301 4032.9486 0.09885 3279.7 6.9 76198 009847 3459.2 8.2719 500 0.12287 36500 41415 78502 0.4284 0.9165 5126.0 600 6.9 2886.9 7.3 800 0.5 62084 350 0.4 3240.13469 3843.02801 3125.0 3475.8 8.11321 4454.3445.8 8.3115 012106 46696 5396.15817 42480 48806 8.3335 003524 2769.08489 4449.5631 008849 3457.0751 008350 40353 4619.0 300 0.05789 4444.4493 .5 7.7 3341.06475 2913.6 3158.4190 0.0 6.4 700 3730.03279 3045.06702 3832.6 2856.8 4375.08160 3643.5 2772.1 8.2 4858.0 3433.05194 2808.08072 8.04532 2698. 0.5MPa 2505.7432 0.2 2884.3 7.6 4878.8746 0.0 5133.1301 350 0.05813 4654.8133 002352 2569.04658 40216 4603.3 5400.1 3905.13013 4041.14645 4042. 1300 0.6199 0.08958 3837.06°C) S at. .05409 70536 3632.9443 0.4077 0.013495 = 12.0647 0.04358 3434.6 4137.6 4382.8 6.07016 0.0 4103.6 6.0937 46627 5389.02299 29125 3199.11707 4040.8 3373.Q4845 3254.8 7.9 3903.5 51369 8.06525 3266.0 2943.4 8.3 8.6576 0.4 2809.1 4368.5408 003993 2878.11095 3462.2283 0.5 8.18156 4674.3 5.6 7.1 36337 6.09703 4451.2828 0.02000 2789.04859 3628.8 4611.1687 0.6 5138.0MPa (303.0206 0.0 6.0 6.2 3511.2 6.2221 0.4844 0.03817 2966.0 MPa (275.04267 3819.4 5.4 2956.1 4132.6 72965 900 005950 3829.8 5381.4 7.3 450 6.0901 007651 3095.7568 350 0.6566 0.02580 2724..07544 77237 7.05045 4228.02327 2646.7 5130.02641 2832.3 6.4 3604.0 8.02242 2699.2717 .04814 3073.9 2785.2285 0.04857 3439.7 8.0 7.9734 .7440 .07074 3005.03869 3620.04285 3248.04141 2631.03029 3225.7 3870.3615 0.7810 6.7549 0.3 4361.2 3748.4 400 0..6 3500.05135 2712.8 6.7 8.2 4364.7 3650.5 8.6 8.6 31957 6.07265 4450.8 8.8 6.1 2798.4624 5.04406 2600.05781 2906.9 4114.64°C) = P 7. 450 0.018026 2544.5825 0.0 3666..0 5.0 3323.6 3755.3 8.07352 34531 3894.3 8.2 5.8 67193 0.03432 2863." w'd ~'j'V)~'1'( .8 100 42363 4447.06857 3091.en h k.4 8.15098 4457.0 5.8821 0.7 3068.3 77351 1000 0..8 75173 900 0.6 6.4567 014056 4246.9589 003837 3241. .0 5.4842 .2 3330.8 4622.04223 2789.4 3117.14526 4672.5331 .4 400 0.3 5135:7 8.5966 0.4 36420 700 7.2 7.05840 2817.6 4870..1 2794.03616 2667.06101 3174.9 3658.6 3540.0020 0.0417 450 003350 2955.6327 0.04175 3064.7 5.2 600 6.0 MPa (295.2 .1677 005565 3260.9218 650 0.8712 0.11965 3842.8892 002737 2580.6272 0.5 7.7118 62120 0.4 3096.2 6.3 4139.1 5399.16987 4458.5 4128.3 6.2 7.': v 3 rm /kg 4.0 ' 6.9 31772 6.06645 28267 30925 65821 0.' = p Sat.3 5.8315 0.09811 3646.8 3521.8 4616.9759.5 4119.10536 4243.04516 3159.3634 0.016126 2624.3 6.1 6.~.3 5118.09749 4037.8 3080.1 8.9 4628.4 8.5475 009080 4665.08643 3099.0237 0.0544 .g s kJJ/(kg .0091 0. JI .1 7.6 2826.5 38883 7.4234 006283 3448.1 7.8803 0.0288 0.0 MPa (250.7 3316.3 60198 003944 2597..7991 0.04574 3343.8 200 0. Ilt) .2923.4015 0./ [.07341 2919.6 3043.0301 0.8100 016139 4673.7 3625.2 8.5131 0.7240 0.9 6.5 P 0.2 2838.9593 .2 48677 8...07896 4238.9384 1100 0.04101 3338.0 MPa (285.1 (327.6459 .3 6.0943 0.2 6.5 5387.06485 40303 4614.8142 003564 3144.9 6.6 3900.7 67047 0.99°C) 004978 2602.~g ~.8 6.2662 0.0 8.3 3398. 900 0.7942 0.7 8.2661 009027 4240..89°C) 2673.4 3410.

72769 1.06585 402.7899 1.48 168.~.88048> 1.. kPa t.8590 416.70073 1.520 1281]241.~ 403.376 264. kJ/kg' K Enthalpy.718 380.70936 1.8323 Saturation temperature. 19.021 0.9 ~ h..70826 1.83708 0.~''.414 104.388 537.86976 393.76253 1.3062 20.8193 - .0 ' 243.V~ .014 426310 430.9572 69.294 22.3394 18.77919 383.214 _ 107.708 209.143 21..4247 18:9603 19.22 174.74091 1.207 0.690 436.9956 22.47 144.814 1321.358 432.'-~'.8021 1.7591 1.73254 379.7845 1.73753 1.418 1389.4802 19.76 170..586 453.2686 16.97014 402.29 181.99 172. Entropy.4471 ' 21. .0794 .9517 15.114 0.219 455. .138 '0.06 191.7093 20.487 20.763 37.94862 400.8168 16~3779 .5726 24.7322 1.3 247.83 179.648 422..467 0.39 150.619 0.70325' 416.8847 21.87710' " 1.7442 1.878 306.0571 23.1660 ' 433.152 414.78059 0. 1.14594 415.5375 ~f?1.23 194.93997 399.742 131.041 1460.35 --246.951 0.828 0.79152 0.6994 437.7719 1.1 248:361 1496.9643 21.30.2199 ' 442.:.76713 0. I(.8638~ 0.549 434.7647 1.990 205.140' 163.15420 .78415 0.77039 0.496 ___ 0.75599 381.-~.13092 1.71q80 1.2 245.535 1.6178 429.8 244.7182" 1.68856 ' 1.13768 415.70701 1.627 .settOJY)t.4807 20.961 428.7()831 .'8074 1.420 0.90509 396.86412 1.8258 .16246 ' 416. 32°C 35 40 45 50 55 60 .76444 1.86729 1.959 64. '.896 0.921 0.896 0.208 ' 0.88148 394.7289 446.79927 0.~.557 256.153 82..7382 1.2135 17.133 451.79535 0.73420 1.3546 80.292 1.426 354.75143 1.483 423.1820 55.174 19.81380 0.305 0.7830 1.2953 17.oC 134.7704 1.74436 1.792 19.743 438.747 20.7 415.:.7243 1..318 177.75506 1.622 284.78779 0.7458 ' 1..1500.701 99.71 155.70450 .4103 74.747g6 1.80216 386.028' 447.95 160.86101 1. -":"~-..0.77711 0.47 193.571 367. - .~"..97442' 403..0958 59.16063 1.97.92259 398.15833 • 416. 189.89630 395.114 1354.415.844 125.341 0.949 ' 0.70576 ' 1.870 0. 15.0996 57..5318 23..9362 92.021 0.89 188.021 407.970 441. ~ .529 0.3399 63.'Cj'? • :- ~ .82504 0.762 0.76082 0.410 449.68 166.9478 65. .9865 20.555 0.868 393.70199 1.82490 388...01 190.:.91386 397.65 70 75 80 ' .739 1.4385 419.0526 425.._.48 177.68208 1.87886 0..282 0.0907 19.8089 1.78 186. . Refrigerant 22: properties of liquid and saturated ~apor6 kJ/kg -60 -55 -50 -45 -40 -35 -30 -28 -26 -24 -22 -20 -18 -16 -14 -12 -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 hI P.176 421..8432 86.75876 1.48 139. Saturation temperature.963 21.76553 0.' 1.8207 1.7176 454.325 18.7517 1.- . .4675 420..77371 0. ' hg sf L/kg Sg vg vI 0.207 445.~.7099 1. Saturation temperature.87864 394.827 324.142 244.14181.507 192.133 0.727 ' 1424.L7592.5 Specjf~c~olume.85000 0.1575 1.70219 1..72452 1.759 0.563 116.417.745 166...7304 1.2278 450. 34"C 17.76237 0...114 0..80329' 0.900 443.609 0.87051 1.424 22.830 49.7968 1. _.96155 401.93129' 399.69526 1.400 135.8708 18.95725 401.7162 1.7954 1.76636 1.8141 1.87378 1.1746 61.7775 1.93 183..76394 0. 17.147 329.84743 390. 36°C r .729 0.7341 17.919 226.

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