SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Name: LLOYL Y. MONTERO

School Preference: LAPUYAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Tracks: ACADEMIC TRACKS

Strand: HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (HUMMS)

Core Subject: PHILIPPINE POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE

Contact Number: 09094192573

UAN: None

Detailed Lesson Plan
In
Philippine Politics and Governance
I. Objectives:
At the end of the lesson, 75% of the students are able to:


Identify the powers of the President;
Express the powers of the President through developing a graphic organizer;
Interact actively with the group mates during group work.

II. Subject Matter:
Topic: Powers of the President of the Philippines
Reference: The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, Article VII, pages 24-34
Materials: Cartolina, Markers
Teaching Strategy: Cooperative Learning Strategy (CLS)
Values Integration: Cooperation and confidence with one another
III. Procedure:

Teacher’s Activity
A. Classroom Management/ Preparation
a.1 Opening Prayer
Let us all stand for a prayer.
Good afternoon, class.
Thank and you students, you may now
take your sit.”

Students’ Activity
The students stand for a prayer.
Good afternoon, Mr. Montero,
It’s nice to see you again.

a.2 Cleanliness and orderliness
Kindly, pick up pieces of papers
under your chairs and throw it to the
garbage bin.

(The students pick up the pieces of papers under
their chairs and throw to the garbage bin.)

a.3 Checking of Attendance
How are you today class?
Who are absent today?
Very good!

Fine, sir.
None, Sir.

B. Review of the Past Lesson
What is our topic last meeting, class?
Last meeting we discussed the three (3)
branches of the Philippine government. Thus,
in our political systems, we have three (3)

Last meeting we discussed the three (3) branches
of the government, sir.

branches of the government based on the
principle of separation of powers (Executive,
Legislative and Judiciary); authority is
distributed among several branches to prevent
centralization of powers into one (1)
department. The executive enforces the law as
written by the legislature and interpreted by
the judiciary.
Understood class?
C. Motivation
Now, I have here pictures.
Do you know who this person is?
Very good.
How about this one?
Correct!
This one?
Correct!

Yes, sir.

Yes sir that is President Corazon Aquino.
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, sir.
President Fidel V. Ramos,sir.

These three (3) pictures are the former
President of the Republic of the Philippines.
D. Presentation of the Topic
Now, do you know the powers of the
President, class?
No, sir.
Today, we will discuss and tackle the different
powers of the President.
E. Reading the Objectives of the New Lesson
But before we proceed to our new lesson, let
me present to you our objectives of the day.
The student read the objectives
These objectives class set as our goal to
understand our lesson well. I hope that we can
attain these objectives at the end of our lesson.
F. Application
Let’s go over to our lesson, what is power,
class?
The Students answer may vary.
Power is the ability to do something or act in a
particular way.
Who do think is the most powerful person in The Students answer may vary.
our country? Anyone?

How about President Noynoy Aquino?

The Students answer may vary.

Bear in mind class that the President is the
elected head of the country; it is the people
who elect the Presidetbin his position. As a
democratic country the most powerful is the
voice of the people. Always remember the
latin maxim Salus Populi Est Suprema Lex,
meaning the welfare of the people is the
supreme law.
Understood, class?

Yes, sir.

As we go on to our lesson class, let’s have a
group activity.
I will group you into three (3). Now that you
have a group, you select who will be your
leader, your secretary and your reporter. Then,
you brainstorm and discuss the different
sections of Article VII of the 1987 Philippine
Constitution and in a ¼ cartolina identify the
different powers of the President through
developing a graphic organizer. Then
secretary, please write the names of the
members at the back of the cartolina.
I will give you 10 minutes to finish your work. Everyone will follow the teacher’s instructions.
After ten (10) minutes the reporter from each
group will come forward and present their
work in front of the class.
Did you understand the instructions, class?

Yes, sir.

Then, as you have your group activity take
note of the following rubrics:
Rubrics:
Promptness ----------- 60%
Delivery -------------- 20%
Neatness -------------- 10%
Creativity ------------- 10%
The students will work quietly.
Total ----------------- 100%
Class be ready with your presentation. Each
group will be given 2 minutes to present their
The reporter of each group will present their work.
output.
Thank you so much class for a very nice
presentation. Now, let us check your work.

G. Discussion
1. Executive power (sec. 1) - He shall ensure
that laws are faithfully executed.
2. Power of appointment (sec 16) - Appoint
the heads of the executive department,
ambassadors, public ministers and consul,
or officers of the armed forces of the
Philippines from the rank of colonel or
naval captain and other officers whose
appointments are vested in him in the 1987
Philippine Constitution.
3. Power of removal (sec. 16) - This power is
implied from the power to appoint.
4. Power of control (sec. 17) - Control of all
executive departments, bureaus, and
offices.
5. Military powers (sec. 18) - To call out the
Armed Forces of the Philippines to prevent
or suppress lawless violence, invasion or
rebellion
6. Pardoning power (sec. 19) - May release
and exempts the individual from the
punishment inflicts for a crime committed.
7. Borrowing power(sec. 20) - Contract or
guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the
Republic with the concurrence of the
Monetary Board
8. Diplomatic power (sec. 21) - Enter treaty
or international agreement with the
concurrence by at least 2/3 of all the
Members of the Senate
9. Budgetary power (sec. 22) - Submit to
Congress a budget or expenditures and
sources of financing, including receipts
from existing and proposed revenue
measure.
10. Informing power (sec. 23) - Inform at the
opening of its regular session.
11. Residual Power - Call to Congress to a
special session, Approve or veto bills,
Deport Aliens.
H. Generalization
Now based on our lesson class, what is the
importance of knowing the different powers of The Students answer may vary.
the President?

Having knowledge of the different powers of
the President is very important, as a citizen of
the Philippines you have to know what are the
different powers of the President and its
limitation so that you will not be perceive or
outwitted by any order of the President.
It seems that you understand the lesson.
Now be ready for a quiz, get one forth sheet of
paper.
IV. Evaluation
1. What branch of the government is Article VII all about?
a. Legislative Branch
c. Executive
b. Judicial Branch
d. Commission on Appointment
2. Who is the head of our country and government?
a. Senate President
c. Chief Justice
b. Speaker of the House
d. President
3. The power of the President to call out the Armed Forces to prevent or suppress lawless
violence, invasion or rebellion.
a. Police Power
c. Military Power
b. Power of Control
d. Diplomatic Power
4. This power is implied from the power to appoint.
a. Deportation Power
c. Power of Removal
b. Power of Control
d. Pardoning Power
5. The power to contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic of the Philippines.
a. Barrowing Power
c. Diplomatic Power
b. Power of Control
d. Budgetary Power
V. Assignment
Study and read the qualifications, term of office and rules on succession of the President.

The Powers Of The President Of The Philippines
1. Executive power (sec. 1) –Until and unless a law is declared unconstitutional, the President has a duty
to execute it regardless of his doubts as to its validity (Faithful Execution Clause). The President shall
have the control of all executive departments, bureaus, and offices. He shall ensure that laws are
faithfully executed. (DAR, DBM, EDUCATION, DENR, DFA)
2. Power of appointment (sec 16) - The President shall nominate and with the consent of the Commission
on Appointments, appoint the heads of the EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, ambassadors, public
ministers and consul, or officers of the armed forces of the Philippines from the rank of colonel or
naval captain and other officers whose appointments are vested in him in the 1987 Philippine
Constitution. He shall also appoint all other officers of the Government whose appointments are not
otherwise provided for by law, and those whom he may be authorized by law to appoint.
3. Power of removal (sec. 16) - General Rule: This power is implied from the power to appoint.
Exception – Those appointed by the President where the Constitution prescribes certain methods for
separation from public service.
4. Power of control (sec. 17) - The power to alter, modify, nullify, or set aside what a subordinate officer
judgement and to substitute the judgment of the former for that of the latter.
Supervision – Overseeing or the power or authority of an officer to see that subordinate officers
perform their duties. If the latter fail or neglect to fulfill them, then the former may take such
action or steps as prescribed by law to make them perform these duties.
5. Military powers (Commander-in-Chief Clause)(sec. 18) - To call out the Armed Forces of the
Philippines to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion (whenever it becomes
necessary)to meet the emergency situation. He may declare a state of rebellion, martial law (in case of
invasion and rebellion) and even suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus.
6. Pardoning power (sec. 19) – As the President entrusted with the execution of the laws he may release
and exempts the individual from the punishment inflicts for a crime he has committed.
Limitations: 1. It may not be exercised for offenses in impeachment cases
2. It may be exercised only after conviction by final judgment
3. It may not be exercised over civil contempt
4. In case of violation of election law or rules and regulations, no pardon,
parole, or suspension of sentence may be granted without the recommendation of
the Commission on Elections.
7. Borrowing power(sec. 20) - The President may contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the
Republic with the concurrence of the Monetary Board, subject to such limitations as may be provided by
law.
8. Diplomatic power (Foreign Affairs Powers) (sec. 21) - No treaty or international agreement shall be
valid and effective unless concurred in by at least 2/3 of all the Members of the Senate. The power to
ratify is vested in the President, subject to the concurrence of the Senate.
9. Budgetary power (sec. 22) - Within 30 days from the opening of every regular session, President shall
submit to Congress a budget or expenditures and sources of financing, including receipts from existing
and proposed revenue measure. Congress may not increase the appropriation recommended by the
President for the operation of the Government as specified in the budget.(GAA)

10. Informing power (sec. 23) - The President shall address Congress at the opening of its regular session.
The information may be needed for the basis of legislation. The President usually discharges the
informing power through what is known as the State of the Nation Address
11. Other powers/Residual Power
a. Call to Congress to a special session
b.) Approve or veto bills
c.) Deport Aliens
e.) Exercise emergency (war, law, limited, necessary) and Tariff powers
f.) Power to classify or reclassify lands