How to Install and Use

Dec. 15, 2006

the "EZ" Byzantine Music Font Package

1) Introduction...............................................................................................................................1
2) Installation instructions............................................................................................................2
3) Suggestions for Writing Music.................................................................................................2
a) Layout of characters on the keyboard................................................................................2
b) How to begin writing music.................................................................................................3
c) Common typing mistakes.....................................................................................................5
4) How to Use the Macros.............................................................................................................6
5) Using the Keyboard Shortcuts................................................................................................11
6) The EZ Psaltica Editor............................................................................................................12
7) Order of Operations................................................................................................................13
8) Afterword.................................................................................................................................13
Αυτές οι οδηγίες χρήσεως υπάρχουν και στά ελληνικά στό: Odigies.doc

1) Introduction
The "EZ" Byzantine Music Package was created at St. Anthony's Greek Orthodox Monastery
in Arizona in 2005. It is an improved version* of the Psaltica fonts made by Elie Daoun that are
available at What makes this Byzantine music package the best set of fonts
currently available is its macros. These macros automatically adjust the relative note positions
for a professional look, and they can also instantly make all the appropritate notes red.
This package was named "EZ" because it allows one to write Byzantine music such that the
neumes are perfectly aligned with relative ease. The following instructions fill several pages not
because this package is very complicated, but merely because I wanted to explain thoroughly
every possible detail. Many users will consider my explanations self-evident.
As with any new program, an initial effort is necessary to become familiar with it. But after
writing a few hymns with these fonts, you will soon realize their versatility and will learn to type
music almost as fast as you can type regular text. Then you will be able to write music quickly
and with a distinct elegance that will give you great satisfaction and will also attract others to use
your music.



To see all these improvements, go to:

. select "Install New Font. If you have a Macintosh Don't worry.. You must select "Enable Macros" for this font package to work properly.. you will save yourself a great deal of time by familiarizing yourself with the keystrokes for the more common symbols. (back to top) 3) Suggestions for Writing Music a) Layout of characters on the keyboard: Since each of the six fonts in this package has almost 100 symbols....2) Installation instructions: After unzipping the file you downloaded. When you open "EZ" you will be informed that the file contains macros and warned that some macros contain viruses. In * If for some reason you can't print this" and go to Tools -> Templates and Add-Ins. -> Organizer. At the risk of stating the obvious.. download the file: http://www. if you plan on writing more than just a few pages of music. and select "Medium" security level. open the "Fonts" folder in your Control Panel.) In the "EZ Psaltica" (or the “EZ RtL Psalt”) font (which contains all the most commonly used symbols) the jumps of one through nine are represented by the numerals 1–9. many users get the error message: "The macro cannot be found or has been disabled because of your Macro security settings" when they try to run the macros. do the following: Open the file "EZ template.doc (200 Kb) 2 . if you have a Windows computer. drag all five fonts from the fonts folder of this package into your Mac's "Font Book". you should print the file "EZCharacterTables. -> Macro Project Items. go to Tools -> Macro -> Security. Therefore. To do so.pdf" for quick reference. Jumps down of one through nine are represented by holding the SHIFT key and pressing the corresponding digits 1–9. you need to change your macro security settings. memorizing the position of every symbol would be nearly impossible. It is then necessary to restart Word in order to implement this change.* (Feel free to skip it and continue on the following page. and from the "File" menu. If this happens. Select the "EZ_Macros" in the left window and press the "Copy" button to move them to Normal. in the following paragraph in small type I will make a few observations regarding the layout of symbols. However." and then select all five fonts included in the fonts folder of this package. Doing the above should complete the installation process. I promise that it doesn't have any viruses! If you still can't get the macros to work.

" IMPORTANT UPDATE: In older versions of this font package. In other words. b.. Pa. but not less than 18. Pa. the diatonic fthoras for Nee–Zo are associated with the keyboard buttons in the row: d. So every time you want to create a new music document. you must begin with the template * "EZ template. but are used for note markers and the isokratema. In the fonts "EZ Fthora" and "EZ Special-II" the same row of letters: c. k. n. for example.. etc. "!" is an apostrophos (down one). vV." because it has the macros embedded in it. b. and then start typing your music. The jumps of one through eight with a petaste are represented by the buttons directly beneath the numbers 1–8: q. etc. The user needed to be careful not press the space bar before typing back-striking notes (such as the gorgon or the klasma). Note that when the keystroke for an isokratema is capitalized. But now with this new version of the macros. 3. t. also corresponds to the notes Nee. but while holding the SHIFT key. b) How to begin writing music: To begin writing music. the diatonic martyrias for Nee. nN. bB. i.. l. Vou. etc. whereas the "w" button (which is directly below the "2") writes the same fthora below the note. you should first open "EZ template. y. m. g. m. etc. Also. So. Ga. Zo are all in a row on the keyboard letters: c. for example. The capitalized version of a given letter will always be shifted slightly to the right of the lower-case version. will write the same fthora beneath the previous note instead of above it. In the "EZ Fthora" font. "@" is an elaphron (down two). One will also notice that the keys beneath the numbers 1... The lower part of the martyria is usually produced by typing the same button needed for the top part of the martyria. because then some of the macros wouldn't fix things properly. the necessary spaces are inserted automatically. then select "Save As. u.other words. v. j. are written by the following keystrokes: cC."." from the File menu and give your new document an appropriate name. The font size of the "EZ" music fonts should be about 20. w. h. to type the first few notes in the music sample on the following page. r. So. it was necessary to type: 0 SPACE SPACE ! A J SPACE 3 ' z SPACE \ SPACE 0 SPACE ! S : etc. n. it was necessary to press the space bar once after every non-backstriking character for the macros to work properly. there is also more than one version of each fthora. the "2" button on the keyboard writes a fthora of second mode above the note. Pa. it is shifted slightly to the left. 3 . because the macros are smart enough not to insert these spaces if they have already been * A "template" in Microsoft Word is a file that contains the structure and tools for shaping such elements as the style and page layout of finished files. Users may still insert those spaces if they are already accustomed to typing in that manner. v. Ga. Vou. . Vou. The martyrias Nee.. etc. f. 2. etc. Mac users need to set their keyboard to "American English.

" In my opinion. which says "Straight quotes" with “smart quotes”. 4 . which some people find easier to read._____ for____ Thou  have an____    ... IMPORTANT NOTE: The “smart quotes” (i. The easiest way to combine the lyrics with the music using Word is to create a floating "text box" for the lyrics. this is an ideal font for writing the lyrics of Byzantine music because the letters are compact without looking scrunched. and in the tab entitled "AutoFormat As You Type" remove the check from the first box..  shalt__ in - her it - .ance   a- The lyrics were written using the font "CG Omega. one can either type the sequence mentioned above. Thus. If you plan on using this font for your music. judge___________ the___________                 earth. O____ God. because it will change a ' character into a ’ character. go to Tools->AutoCorrect Options. curved quotes) option must NOT be turned on when typing music or running the macros.. Using a compact font is especially crucial when syllables with many letters need to fit beneath a single note. or one may simply type: 0J3'z###BOT_TEXT###!S:!A etc. To turn off the smart quotes option.. It is also a "sans serif" font. I recommend using our "EZ Omega" version of the font instead.. in order to enter the first few notes in the music sample below. (This can be done from the "Insert" menu or by clicking the button on the EZ toolbar) The following example of music with a text box in front will appear on your screen properly only after you have installed the EZ music fonts:   Arise.inserted.e.

and also make the line spacing "Exactly 60" Instead of doing these steps manually each time. In order to make successive lines of the text box take up the same amount of space as successive lines in the music. To do so. select "Format Text Box. you can type a "third-space" character (i. Having a third-width "low line" character is helpful for perfectionists that want the end of a word extension to be perfectly aligned with the end of a note. navigate through the music with the arrow keys. select "Behind text. Also. 5 . because our version has two subtle advantages. Or another way is to make the text box float behind the music when you want to edit the music. move the mouse to the margin outside the text box. Using a third-space character is especially helpful if you are a perfectionist and you want the words of the lyrics to be precisely aligned with the notes they are beneath. and then from the "Format" menu. The "low line" character is what should be used in the lyrics for word extensions (i.e. in the "Color and Lines" tab. a space that is about one-third the width of a regular space) by typing the key combination: CTRL-ALT-/ Normally this keystroke would create an italic "f" (ƒ)." and then in the layout tab. and then click the left button of the mouse. right-click on the border of the text box. and then in the layout tab.") WARNING: Some versions of Microsoft Word for Windows have a bug that make the program crash when you try to create a text box. (In order to get your cursor "behind" the text box so that you can edit the music. our version of the "CG Omega" font (which is named "EZ Omega") has the following two advantages: 1) With our version of the font.." In the "Line Spacing" drop-down menu. 2) Our version also has a third-width "low line" (the "_" character). Place the cursor somewhere in the music. To type this third-width "low line" character in our EZ Omega font.e. Place the cursor in the text box. and then (with that text still selected) create the text box.. double-click on the boundary of the text box... you must select "No Fill" for the fill color and "No Line" for the line color. you can save time by simply pressing the button on the toolbar. select "Exactly" and in the "At:" drop-down menu beside it. select "Paragraph. the line placed after the final syllable in a word when that syllable is held for more than one note). The way around this problem is first to select the text you want to put in the text box. enter the number "60" 2.. c) Common typing mistakes The most common mistake people make with this font package is to type two separate * In particular. you need to press the combination: CTRL-ALT-. (control-alt-period).which is included in this font package. select "In front of text". follow the following steps: 1. Normally this keystroke would create a capital "I" with a grave accent above it (Ì). On a Mac the keystroke is option-f The width of this "thirdwidth" character is approximately one-third the width of the regular "low line" character.. On a Mac the keystroke is fn-command-.* In order to make the text box to "float" over the other text. Then.

a. they might be unaware of the "l" key which is the combination: oligon-kentemata-gorgon. "A" is the klasma that aligns well above an apostrophos. Likewise. "a" is aligns well with most other neumes. Combined neumes in “EZ RtL Psalt” have been combined so that read accurately from right to left. The way to avoid making this mistake is to take a careful look at the character tables so that you become familiar with what special combinations exist as a single keystroke. 4) How to Use the Macros There are thirteen macros that fix up the music in documents written with the "EZ" music fonts: Button on Toolbar Macro Name Function MoveUp Keyboard Shortcut CTRL-ALT-u MoveDown CTRL-ALT-m shifts selected characters down MoveLeft CTRL-ALT-h MoveRight CTRL-ALT-k shifts a selected character to the left without changing the position of the characters before and after it shifts a selected character to the right without changing the position of the characters before and after it makes the right edge of the music justified. and omalon.e. they will type the ")" key (an yporroe) followed by the "S" key (a gorgon). antikenoma. and try to create this combo with two separate characters. The other common mistake people make is to be unaware that there is more than one version of some characters. and the syndesmos can be either a "]" in EZ Psaltica (or EZ RtL Psalt) or a "###BOT_TEXT###quot; in EZ Special-II. The omalon can be either a "{" or a "[" . "z" is when you want the klasma beneath the neume. but many people overlook the two options that exist for the syndesmos. there are four different keystrokes for writing a klasma: A.. i.characters instead of a single character that is the combination they want. and "Z" is when you want the klasma above the oligon in a jump of four. and z. the same distance from the Justify shifts selected characters up CTRL-SHIFT-5 6 . Z. (back to top) c) Writing Right to Left in support of Arabic text Simply use the “EZ RtL Psalt” font instead of the “EZ Psaltica” font. For example. These four klasmas were probably self-evident to you when you saw the character tables. instead of typing the hyphen key for an yporroe with a gorgon. the antikenoma can be either a "}" or a " . For example.

"MoveUp". and condenses the spacing of the selected character. makes all ison symbols blue MakeIsonGreen CTRL-SHIFT-4 makes all ison symbols greeen Insert Text Box inserts a text box for the lyrics Format Text Box formats a text box The macros "MoveLeft". ison symbols. etc. martyrias. WARNING: The macros "MoveLeft". and then you can easily go back and see if the notes you highlighted still need to be fixed. because these two macros will undo any manual positioning you may have done by using those four macros. increases the spacing between neumes in the line where the cursor is. "MoveUp". Similarly. "MoveRight". 7 .Button on Toolbar Macro Name Keyboard Shortcut Function PolishNotes CTRL-SHIFT-1 MakeNotesRed CTRL-SHIFT-2 ExpandLine CTRL-SHIFT-6 CompressLine CTRL-SHIFT-7 MakeIsonBlue CTRL-SHIFT-3 edge of the paper automatically adjusts the relative positions of neumes so that they are aligned better makes red all gorgons. I suggest that you merely highlight these notes temporarily until you have finished writing all the music and have run the "Polish Notes" macro. This makes the characters before and after the selected character remain in the same place. "MoveRight". while the selected character is shifted to the left. and "MoveDown" should not be run until you have typed in all the music and run the "PolishNotes" macro. without changing the position of the notes around it. macros. So in the event that before you have finished typing in all the music you see some notes that you think will not be automatically fixed by the "PolishNotes" macro and thus will need to be adjusted manually by using these "MoveLeft". "MoveRight". The way the "MoveLeft" macro works is by condensing the spacing of the previous character and expanding the spacing of the selected character. etc. and "MoveDown" shift the selected character(s) in the given direction. decreases the spacing between neumes in the line where the cursor is. the "MoveRight" macro works by doing the opposite: it expands the spacing of the previous character.

and "MoveDown" adjust the character attributes of the selected character. However. if you typed the sequence:  in the order: Oligon. with the font size set to 1. Unfortunately. for example the following symbols:  in the order: Oligon. Likewise. characters that do not shift the cursor to the right). So the same problem can occur if you insert the cursor after a character adjusted by this macro and then continue typing in music. the "PolishNotes" macro sometimes raise or condense characters in order to align them properly. which is a backstrike character. "MoveUp". So if you continue typing music with the cursor immediately to the right of a character that has been adjusted.. The "Justify" macro replaces all the spaces you inserted between notes (written with the "EZ Psaltica" font or the “EZ RtL Psalt” font) with a blank space using the Tahoma font. So if you need to select a single backstrike character (in order to adjust its position). the "MoveRight" macro does not work well on backstrike characters (i. for example. "MoveRight". since it is now preceded by a character that does not have a width of zero. Klasma. since it is preceded by the klasma. Isokratema you will not be able use the "MoveLeft" macro to shift the isokratema to the left. too high and scrunched together). This is why it is advisable to run these macros only AFTER you have completed typing in all the music. Klasma you can use the "MoveLeft" macro to shift the isokratema to the left. because Word thinks that these characters are already as condensed as they can be. it is almost impossible to select a single backstrike character by using only the mouse. Bear in mind that the macros "MoveLeft". The reason why this is helpful is because the spaces in the "EZ" fonts are 8 . So what this means is that if you have. the "MoveLeft" macro does not work well on a character preceded by a backstrike character. For the same reason. Isokratema.e. down by 2 points or condensed by 3 points.Since most of the backstrike characters have a width of zero or almost zero. the easiest way to do so is by using the arrows keys on your keyboard. all the new characters you type in will also be adjusted down by 2 points or condensed by 3 points (in other words.

If you run this macro without having selected a part of your music. The "PolishNotes" macro lowers all the martyries. 9 . this macro will insert them for you.") WARNING: Even though this macro may be run more than once.pdf (30 Kb) I urge you to look through this list before you start typing up music. it is not advisable to do so. if you didn't insert blank spaces between every note (as mentioned in part 2).org/music/ByzMusicMacros. it will polish the notes in your entire document. which means you won't be able to have the music forced-justified unless these spaces are replaced with spaces of a standard font.. and does dozens of other subtle alterations. you will be asked if you want to save changes to a blank Word document that this macro created as a notepad. select those notes before running this macro. you will need to re-align the lyrics with the notes if you had already entered the lyrics. because it might make undesirable changes to your music.e. it will only affect the music you have selected. The "PolishNotes" macro polishes the relative note positions so that things look cleaner. because if you are unaware of what changes will be done automatically. Your answer should be "No. and "PolishNotes2b". and this will ensure that only those notes will be polished. to the right and slighty lower). To view a list of changes made by the "PolishNotes" macro.stanthonysmonastery. Important: Since this macro will shift the horizontal position of the notes. For this reason. But if you select a particular section of your music and then run this macro. it is advisable to enter the lyrics only AFTER you run this "Justify" macro. It works by running the invisible subroutines "PolishNotes1". open the following PDF file: http://www. "PolishNotes2". So if you have added new notes to a document that has already been polished by this macro and you want to polish those new notes.considered as characters by your computer. The reason why they were not combined into one big macro was because they exceeded the maximum number of lines of code that Word's compiler could handle in a single macro. Note that with this latest version of the font package. "PolishNotes1b". shifts the klasma beneath a petaste to its proper position (i. moves the kentemata to the left when they collide with a psefeston beneath an oligon. you might waste time trying to fix things manually that would have been taken care of automatically by the macros. (When you do so. No harm is done if you run this macro more than once in the same document.

For example. This can make the spacing between notes in the second to last line noticeably greater than 10 . However. you should run the "PolishNotes" macro first. When the "Justify" macro is run. if you typed the sequence:  in the order: Petaste. fthora. Isokratema. and then it would adjust the klasma's position so that it would appear as follows:  It is unfortunate that this large "PolishNotes" macro can take 30 seconds (more or less. isokratema. which needs no be shifted to the right. tromikon. No harm is done if you run this macro more than once in the same document.). it usually isn't smart enough to realize that those two characters need to be adjusted. tempo mark. etc. it will expand the spacing in all lines except the last line.One minor flaw with this "PolishNotes" macro is that if a backstrike character is inserted between two characters that it is looking for to adjust. Isokratema the macro would realize that you have a klasma following a petaste. before running the "MakeNotesRed" macro. it changes the font color for every gorgon. if you type the following three symbols  in the order: Petaste. which is rather slow in terms of "computer time. In particular. The "MakeNotesRed" macro is an optional macro that makes all the appropriate notes red. digorgon. lygisma. and for all the older Byzantine music symbols (such as the isaki. Klasma the macro will not realize that you have a petaste followed by a klasma. elxis. trigorgon. depending on your computer's speed) to fix three pages of music." But bearing in mind that doing the same thing by hand would take at least 30 minutes. The two macros "ExpandLine" and "CompressLine" increase or decrease all the spaces between the notes in a given line. Klasma. These macros will only work after the "Justify" macro has been run. martyria. because otherwise it will miss making several notes red. I hope you will be patient with this "slow" macro. However.

The macros "MakeIsonBlue" and "MakeIsonGreen" are other optional macros that make the color of all isokratema markings blue or green. Another trick for expanding the spacing between notes is to insert a manual line break (SHIFT-ENTER) before the second-to-last note in a line of music.that in the last line. So by running the "ExpandLine" macro a few times (you must first position the cursor in the last line) you can quickly make the spacing in this line match the spacing in the previous line. But my experience has shown that a red isokratema does not stand out very well when many other symbols in the melody are red. These macros are also useful when the words in the lyrics are too wide to fit beneath their corresponding notes. a green isokratema usually stands out better when printed by a color printer. you can compress it again by running the "CompressLine" macro. using text boxes is an easy way to ensure that the vertical space between the notes and the lyrics is constant for each line. The traditional color for writing the isokratema is red (this is accomplished when the "MakeNotesRed" macro is run). Word will force the notes before this manual line break to fill that entire line. you can instantly make all of them blue or green by running these macros. As mentioned above. especially in English (which sometimes has syllables containing 7 or 8 letters!). And if you expanded the line too much. These keyboard shortcuts are listed in the chart on 11 . thus creating more space between each note in that line. (back to top) The other two text box buttons are for inserting and formatting a text box. So if you would like a different color for your isokratema markings. Since the music is forced-justified. 5) Using the Keyboard Shortcuts You can save even more time by using a keyboard shortcut to run each macro instead of pressing each macro's button on the toolbar. Although a blue isokratema looks better on the screen. which sometimes happens in heirmological melodies. The second text box button (which formats it) will work only if the cursor is placed inside the text box.

page 5 of these instructions. The keyboard shortcuts for the macros that manually adjust the position of individual symbols are especially handy for quickly putting notes exactly where you want them. They are as follows: Button on Font Name Toolbar Keyboard Shortcut EZ Psaltica CTRL-SHIFT-q EZ Fthora CTRL-SHIFT-w EZ Special-I CTRL-SHIFT-e EZ Special-II CTRL-SHIFT-r EZ Oxeia CTRL-SHIFT-t EZ Omega CTRL-SHIFT-y I guarantee you will find these keyboard shortcuts to be great time-savers when you are typing up the music. 12 (back to top) . (back to top) 6) The EZ Psaltica Editor Thanks to Nicolae in Romania. This is due to the fact that actions with the mouse are inherently slower than actions with the keyboard. I urge you to learn how to type the characters rather than relying on the EZ Psaltica Editor. There are also keyboard shortcuts to change fonts that are not listed in that chart. the EZ package now comes with an auxilliary program that allows you to enter characters by clicking on a chart on the screen with your mouse rather than entering them with the keyboard. Therefore. if you think you will be writing many pages of Byzantine music. The advantage of this is that a person can instantly begin writing music without first investing the time necessary to become acquainted with the keyboard layout of each font. In the long run. however. entering characters with the mouse will end up consuming much more time than entering them with the keyboard would.

Add the ison (optional) and I will do my best to help you. you can run the "CompressLine" macro. several people have thought of ways to improve the macros and the fonts. Write all the music without the lyrics. /ByzDropCaps. please contact me at: byzmusic@yahoo. If you also have any suggestions or encounter any problems using (The file is 1. you may wish to position the cursor in the last line and run the macro "ExpandLine" a few times in order to adjust the spacing between notes in this line. Run the "PolishNotes" macro 5. Insert the drop cap* and adjust the indentation of the first line of music so that it is not too close or too far from the drop cap.7) Order of Operations My experience has shown that doing things in the following order will save you the most time: 1. And if you are a perfectionist.stanthonysmonastery. (back to top) 8) Afterword During the past two years. 12. remove the highlighting and then fine tune their position using the macros: "MoveUp". Insert the initial martyria by copying the appropriate one from the file "martyrias.doc" (which is a part of this font package) and pasting it into your document. first change the lyrics' text box so that it floats behind the text. (optional) 10. Run the "MakeNotesRed" macro (optional) 6. "MoveDown".4 megabytes) * 13 . To see if this font package has An elaborate set of drop caps in both color and grayscale that look sort of like ones found in Byzantine manuscripts may be downloaded for free from: http://www. Run the "MakeIsonBlue" or "MakeIsonGreen" macro (optional) 7. and "MoveRight". it should be inserted in its own transparent text box that floats above everything else. Run the "Justify" macro 8. 11. If any of the notes you highlighted in step #1 need adjustment. highlighting any notes that you think might not be automatically aligned by the macros. If you need to edit the notes later. 13. "MoveLeft". and then edit the notes. 9. If the drop cap is not a graphic. Add vertical measure lines and "3's" and "4's" (optional) 4. If you expand it too much. Create a text box that floats in front of the music and type in the lyrics.

(back to top) 14 .pdf (550 Kb) (Greek) I urge you to read these rules carefully before you begin writing Byzantine music. I have also compiled several thousand Byzantine music formulas and posted them at: http://www. 15.S. without breaking any of the complicated formulaic rules of Byzantine music.html the least among Hieromonks 5.stanthonysmonastery. 2005 – 2006 P. Ephraim Jan. check the dates at the bottom of the following webpage: http://www. you will find these lists or formulas to be a tremendous aid that enables you to find exactly the right melodic phrase to match your text (in any language).stanthonysmonastery. because there are many orthography rules that even experienced chanters are unaware of.been updated since you obtained your I have compiled a list of 106 rules of orthography for Byzantine music notation that may be downloaded from: (550 Kb) (English) http://www.html If you are composing new melodies of Byzantine music.