Design of Underdrain
Categorized under Item 501 of DPWH Standard Specifications.
Things to be considered when designing an underdrain:

The size and number of pipes and its locations of opening should be studied
Filter materials should be fine enough so that the adjacent soil will not be
The top of underdrain should be sealed with impervious soil to prevent the
entrance of surface water.
Intercepting drains must extend into the impervious zone.
The pipes are laid with the flow line at least 1.20 meters below the finished
grade and carefully bedded with gravel or filter materials.

1. Zinc coated corrugated iron or steel pipe (AASHTO M-36)
2. Extra strength and standard strength clay pipe and perforated clay pipe
3. Porous concrete (AASHTO M-176)
4. Perforated concrete (AASHTO M-175)
5. Bituminous fiber non-pressure sewer drain and underdrainage pipe system
(AASHTO M-177)
6. Asbestos cement perforated underdrain pipes (AASHTO M-189)
7. Granular backfill filter materials (AASHTO M-6)
Construction Requirements:

Pipe Installation
o Trenches are excavated to the dimension and grades required by the
o Bedding layer of Granular Backfill: <15cm
o Granular backfill are placed and compacted at the bottom of the
o Sub-drainage pipes are embedded firmly on the bedding.
Perforated Pipes
o Placed with the perforations downwardly secured joined with
appropriate fitting or bands.
Non-Perforated Pipes
o Laid with the bell end upgrade with open joints wrapped with suitable
material to permit entry of water, or unwrapped as may be specified.
Granular Backfill
o Placed 30cm above the top of the pipe
o Should not be displaced by the covering of open joints
Remainder of Granular Backfill
o Placed and compacted at every after 15 cm layers up to the required

• Extend the curtain wall separating the barrels of the multi span culverts upstream. Blind Drain    6. o Design of drainage system must satisfy the various requirements of the environmental laws and regulations. Pipes are laid with all ends firmly joined and backfilled after inspection.10 The Legal Aspect of Draining o The flow of several streams or creeks were concentrated to single channel that resulted to erosion. Any remaining portion (of the trench) above it (GBM) shall be filled with either granular or impervious material Debris Control • Culverts should be designed to allow debris to pass. Underdrain Outlet   Trench are excavated to the depth and width as planned. o The agency would not be liable for damages if an unprecedented storm causes the stream to overflow a newly constructed channel. (result of agency’s project) o Water backed resulted to inundation of land or property or caused injury or death. steel rail or piling. • Install upstream debris racks or wire. 6.o Any remaining portion (of the trench) above it (GBM) shall be filled with either granular or impervious material and thoroughly compacted. provided that this channel has the capacity equal to the natural volume of water flow.9 Trenches are excavated as planned Trenches are filled with granular backfill material to required depth. . silting or flooding of private properties.