Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Pre-Production Booklet for Animation
Name: Edie Pullen
Order of contents (italics show areas you must add in yourself)
Assessment criteria
LO2

Mind maps of ideas

Risk assessment

Format of your animation

Subject and storyline

Character notes and profiles

Movement of characters

Moodboard

Sets/backgrounds

Audio and soundtrack

Sound table

Props list

Audience

Storyboard and script (add script to booklet)

Frame rates

Lighting design

Production schedule

Crew details

Frame Numbers

Dope Sheets

LO3

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

How to use this booklet
You will need to complete every page of this booklet, and all sections / questions
required.
Assessment criteria for Distinction grade;
LO2
Plans will show a full consideration of movement and continuity, perspective, point of view,
transitions and special effects.
Precise and workable planning of timing and synchronisation to a soundtrack will be
produced. It will be clear at this stage, from the documentation, what the finished piece will
look and sound like.
Learners will follow industry conventions and terminology used in storyboard production
correctly.
Plans for the construction of models, sets and props will be realistic and clear.
Drawings, script and storyboard will all show a creative interpretation of the idea.

LO3:
The documentation linked to the production will be full and detailed and there will be
evidence that the production management and scheduling of the project has been effective
and carried out in a professional manner. The techniques used in the production of the work
are likely to be related to an understanding of current trends in the industry.

Both LO2 and LO3
In all practical activity learners will be capable of working autonomously and effectively. They
will work on their own initiative, will not need constant support or supervision, will give the
work their full commitment, work positively and cooperatively with others, and meet
deadlines. In other words, they will have the kind of self-management skills that would be
expected of them in a professional context. Note also that this criterion should not be taken
to mean that learners do not seek advice or that they work without discussing things with
their tutor, but rather that they are not dependent upon the support of others and that when
they take advice they weigh it carefully for themselves.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Planning
Brainstorm / mind map (add extra pages if necessary)

Attach a 400-word treatment of your idea

My idea:
For my stop motion animation, I have decided to do an E4 channel ident. Because E4 is a channel
typically for comedy programmes, therefore I will aim to make the ident funny as a representation of
this. My idea is to have a wooden model being chased down a street by a giant E4 logo. The wooden
model will trip and fall and the E4 logo will ‘run’ up to the camera and the ident will finish on that. I will
make a set out of cardboard which I will paint appropriately to the E4 colour scheme (purple). The
lighting will be as if it is a dark night but I will light the inside of the ‘houses’ to make it look like there
are lights on inside. I will include sound effects to make the ident funnier, these will include footsteps,
creepy noises at the beginning and comedic screams to come from the wooden model.
I will use different camera angles to make it more interesting. I will have a shot of the man running
away. This shot will include everything (the set, the man and the giant E4 logo). I will then also include
a close up of the man’s feet running, a close up of the man’s face and a close up of the set.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
How will you meet the requirements of your brief?
To meet the requirements for my brief I will start by ensuring the ident is definitely related to
E4. I will do this by including the logo and the purple colour scheme to my set, this is to
reinforce that it is an E4 ident throughout. I will make sure the ident has comedic effect by
using sound effects and a funny story line. I will ensure my ident is definitely between 30 and
40 seconds long

Risk assessment: Are there any health and safety issues you may encounter?
The biggest health and safety issue that I might encounter is while making the set. Using
scissors/ knives to cut out windows could be a hazard and I will therefore need to be careful
whilst cutting the cardboard.

The lights I will be using will have wires which may cause a tripping hazard, I will therefore
tape the wires down so they are not a hazard.

Discuss any legal issues you may face. Eg; sound, plagiarism, age restrictions
I may face the issue of copyright while adding sound and the E4 logo. I will ask for
permission to use sounds and music to ensure I am not breaching copyright rules.
https://www.copyrightservice.co.uk/copyright/p01_uk_copyright_law From reading this page,
I can see that I will need to ensure I have permission to use logos (3iv) and music/ sounds
(3vi/iii)

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Use of possible formats
Circle which of the following formats your animation will take;
stop-frame techniques
time lapse photography
plasticine animation
Claymation
using found objects
modelling
puppetry
combined formats 


Why are you using that particular format?
I have decided to use stop frame techniques for my channel ident. I will be using a wooden
model as the character in my animation because I think the joints will make it move smoothly
and convincingly. I also think that adding facial expressions on to a wooden model would
add a comedic effect to the ident. I am using a strong structure which will make it easier to
animate.

What are the different possibilities you could explore using this format?
I could explore different facial features by drawing and adding them to the wooden model.
These can be moved or changed for different expressions which can also help when lip
syncing.
I can also paint my wooden model if I want to give his character a more interesting look and
have an insight into the character’s background.
I am using a strong structure which will make it easier to animate.
I could add different materials to my animation like plasticine to make it interesting and have
something different.

What are the limitations of using this format? (i.e what problems/ obstacles might you
have?)
The limitations I could face by using a wooden model is that they come on a stand which will
mean some movements of my model will be limited this means I will have to either crop out
the stand and angle the camera so that the feet touch the ground.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

What imaginative or inventive animations have you seen which use this format?
Add in links and screen shots of three examples of animations using this format.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJlqQSMifqk

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDzm5hDemTQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xytfEsh8nE

These are examples of stop motion animation videos I have found which use wooden
models. Each video uses a different frame rate and from this I have learnt that I will need to
use small movement and a higher frame rate to make my animation fluid and realistic. The
first video is of a wooden model being drawn and it can’t keep still. The frame rates of this is
good as it looks fluid and has a good story line. The second video is of a wooden model who
comes to life after it has been drawn. It has high frame rates so it flows smoothly and
realistically. In the last video the story is slightly unclear and the video is jolty. This shows
that I need to use high frame rates and little movement between pictures.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Subject
What will the subject of your animation be?
The subject of my animation is a channel ident. It will be for the channel E4 which is known
for showing funny programmes and being a channel based on comedy. Therefore, to make
the ident relevant I will try to make the ident funny

Storyline
Describe the storyline of your animation. What events will happen to your characters?
The story line of my animation is that a man is walking down the street at night and hears
noises. He realizes he is being chased by a giant E4 logo, he starts running away and trips
over. The E4 logo then runs past him and up to the camera.

Characters
What characters will be in your animation?
There is only two character in my animation.
The main character is the man who will be made from a wooden model. He will be a
business man coming home from work late at night.
The other character is the E4 logo. He is originally represented as a scary character but at
the end it is apparent he is just trying to spread awareness of the fantastic TV channel, E4.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Complete the character profiles for each character in your animation

Name:
M/F:
Age
Costume:

Mr Wooden Model
Male
47
Suit

Occupation:

Business Man

Hobbies:

Business

Character
Background:

Coming home from work late at night after a long day at work.
Looking forward to going home to his wooden wife and wooden
children. Does this journey every day so is familiar with his
surroundings.

Name:
M/F:
Age
Costume:

E4 Logo
No gender
No age
Purple E4 logo

Occupation:

Being an E4 logo

Hobbies:

Being an E4 logo

Character
Background:

Has always been an E4 logo. The E4 logo is really excited to
promote the TV channel and accidentally comes across as a scary
character when actually he is just an innocent logo.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Add in images and drawings/ sketches of what they will look like.

What will they be made of?
To make my character ‘Mr Wooden Model’ I will buy a wooden model from an art shop and
paint his costume (suit and tie) on.
To make the E4 logo, I will use a printed out picture of the E4 logo stuck onto a piece of
cardboard. I will do this multiple times and draw different facial expressions onto each one
so that the E4 logo can lip sync, or have facial expression to match the scene

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Movement of characters

How are you going to make your characters move?
I am going to move the wooden models using the joints which are already in place. This
should help me make the movement fluid and realistic. I will also try to involve something
flying using a piece of wire or string.
To make the E4 model move I will move it slightly for each photo and use different printed
out logos for change of facial expressions.

What is the purpose of an armature?
An armature is a wire skeleton that can be shaped and then plasticine can be molded over
the top. It is used to help shape the model correctly and makes it easier to move the joints to
make it look like its moving. This can make the model look more structured and the
animation looks more fluid and the movement is more realistic.

Will you use them for your characters?
Because I am using a wooden model I will not need to use an armature.

If so, how will you make it?
-

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Mood board
Create a mood board showing what ‘look’ your animation will have. Add images showing
ideas of mise-en-scene, characters, costumes and colours that will be present in the
different shots.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Sets / backgrounds
Will your set be;

A three wall set

A blue/green screen

An existing location

A Combination of two or more of the above

Draw sketches of how your sets/backgrounds will look. Add in labels to your diagrams and
details of locations / lighting etc.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
Add in photographs of your sets/backgrounds.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Audio and Soundtrack
What audio will you have for your animation?

Complete the sound list, detailing what sounds you will use, where you will source them,
what equipment you will need to record them and when you will use them in your animation.
You will need to design your own soundtrack. You cannot use copyrighted music, and it
must be more than simply adding a track.

What actions will need sound effects?

Think of the scenes in your animation. Each scene should have different sounds/music to
give information about the mood / emotions of the characters.
I will not be having any music as the background of my animation, however I will fill the audio
with relevant sounds to make it realistic. This will include things like footsteps, screams and
creepy music. The action that will need a sound effect are, the man walking down the street,
the man running, falling and screaming, noises from the E4 logo and finally the E4 music
and sounds which are used in all their channel idents.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Shot

Action

Description
of Sound

Diegetic/non/diegetic

Atmosphere
created

Long
shot

Man
walking
down the
street

Creepy
music

Non diagetic

Creates a
scary
atmosphere
when the
man begins
to get scared

Long
shot

Man
walking
down the
street

Wind
blowing

diagetic

At the
beginning to
show a cold
night while
the man is
walking
home

Long
shot

Man
walking
down the
sreet

Footsteps

diagetic

The wooden
model
walking
along the
road, faster
when he
begins to run

Man
running
from logo

Scream

diagetic

The man
screaming
when he
sees the E4
logo

Man falling
over

Falling over

Diagetic

The wooden
model falling
over while
being
chased

E4 music

Non diagetic

To end on to
show it is an
E4 advert

Medium
close up

Medium
close up

End shot, E4 logo
not part
and
of
information
animation

Musice –
type and
atmosphere

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Props List
What props / models / furniture etc will you need to make your animation?
PROPS LIST
Production Name:
Producer:

Item

Script page

Description

Character/location

Notes

Cereal boxes

-

To make the
houses in my
set

The set

Painted purple
to link to E4
colour scheme.
Windows to be
cut out

Cardboard

-

To stick on the
The set / charatcers
back of the E4
logo to make it
stand. Also to
make the floor of
my set so I can
draw a road

Cut to shape of
the E4 logo.
Painted as a
road with a
pavement

Paper

-

To print my E4
logo onto.

The set

-

Scissors

-

To cut my set
and E4 logo

The set / characters

-

Glue

-

To stick the E4
logo onto the
cardboard and
stick the set
together

The set / characters

-

Paint

-

To paint my set
and characters
according to my
plan

The set / characters

Purple, white
and black paint
to paint the set
in E4 colours
and the
wooden model
in a suit

Wooden Model

-

To be the main
character

Characters

To be painted
to look like he’s

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
wearing a suit
Fairy Lights

-

To use for
lighting on set

The set

Put inside
cereal boxes so
the light comes
through the cut
out window and
looks like lights
are on inside

Lamp

-

To light the rest
of the set

The set

To light the set
as if there were
street lights, so
it still looks like
it’s taking place
at night

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Audience
Define the following characteristics of your audience;
Gender
My target audience will be both genders as E4 is a channel which appeals to both male and
female watchers

Age
The age range for my channel ident will be from teen to adult. This is because most of the
programs shown on E4 have this target audience.

Interests
The main interest I will be focusing on and appealing to is humor and watching comedy
programs. This is because this is the main type of program shown on E4 therefore my target
audience will be the same as it will be these people watching this channel.

What forms of animation might they already watch?
The type of animations they already watch may include other E4 channel idents for example
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYCblka78zQ or
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U9ROpQwg6z0
Animated programs they may watch may include adult humor programs like Family Guy or
South Park which are comedy animations aimed at a teen to adult audience

What images do you think they enjoy watching?
My target audience will like sitcom programs like How I Met Your Mother and Big Bang
Theory. This is because they will be E4 veiwers and therefore they will enjoy comedy
programmes that are shown on this channel.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
What might they consider distasteful or offensive?
Because most of the programs my target audience will watch do include adult humor, it
leaves less things they might find offensive. However, because I am making a channel ident
which would be aired from morning to night, it must be suitable for all ages to watch and
because it will be product of E4 it mustn’t contain anything offensive as it could cause the
company to get into trouble.

How will you ensure that your animation will suit your chosen audience?
I will ensure my animation fits my target audience by making it funny and appropriate to the
rest of the channel.

How will they physically watch your animation? (i.e in an exhibition format, on screen,
projection, online?)
My animation will only be watched on E4 during advertisement breaks.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Storyboard

Who?

Complete a storyboard for your animation.

Where?

Which
characters/
objects are in
the scene?

What is the
location for the
shot?

Say What?

Lighting

Is there any
dialogue/text?

Natural
Ambient
Torchlight
Spotlight
Direction of
light?

And
then….?
What happens?
Describe the
action.

Camera?

Time?

What is the
camera angle?

Duration of the
shot / number
of frames
action is held
for.

Is there any
movement from
the camera?

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Shots

Camera Angles

Extreme long shot
Long Shot
Medium Shot
Two Shot
Over the Shoulder
Medium Close up
Close up
Extreme close up

Birds-eye view
High angle
Eye-level
Low angle
Oblique / canted angle
Ground Shot

Movement

Editing

Pan
Tilt
Tracking Shot
Zoom

Montage
Cross cutting
Match cut
Shot, reverse shot
Eye-line match
Jump cut
Tracking shot

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
You will need to convey all movements and actions. Copy and paste the storyboard to
make it as long as you need to show all the detail of your animation.
You will need to add pages to this section for your full storyboard

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Frame Rates
What is the duration of your animation in minutes? (minimum 30 seconds)
0.30 minutes to 0.40 minutes

In seconds?
30 seconds to 40 seconds

How many frames per second for video?
25 frames per second

There are 60 seconds in a minute. How many frames (ie. Individual photos) will you
need to take?
750 frames

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Lighting Design

Where will you be photographing your animation?
I will photography my animation in my bedroom at home

Does it have natural daylight?
Natural daylight will be available through the window behind the set

If so, you will need to block this out. Explain why.
I do plan on blocking out the sunlight. I will do this so that the animation looks like it is at
night. I will also do this so that the lighting is consistent throughout as different amounts of
light from outside could change the overall lighting of the shots.

Do you have a constant light source(s) such as a lamp?
I have constant light sources including ceiling lights, lamps and fairy lights

Where will you place your light source(s) to create interesting effects?
I plan on using fairy lights to be put inside the houses on the set to look like they have lights
on inside. I will use a lamp that is a similar colour to street lights to light the rest of the set. I
will do test pictures to ensure enough light is getting to my set and alter the lighting before I
start actually photographing my animation.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

(LO3)

Frame numbers
You will need to label your images as frames
The first 24 frames will be written as;
0_1
0_2 etc etc

the following 24 will be
1_1
1_2
1_3
Ensure your clips are labeled as such. Screen shot the folder your clips are in, and copy the
image underneath.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Dope sheets
A dope sheet is an animation tool which helps a animator organise the animation shot-byshot.
This gives the camera operator instructions on each shot type and how many frames this will
be used for.
A dope sheet is usually split into 5 different sections.




To indicate what action occurs on which frame number
To see what action is happening in this shot.
To see what dialogue used in this scene.
To show what level of animation is happening.
To give camera instructions (angle).

For example;

Because you will be working with video, you will be using 30fps. You will need to complete a
dope sheet for EVERY SECOND of your animation.
i.e, if you make a 30 second animation, you will need to complete 30 dope sheets.
This will be a time-consuming task, but it will help you understand what will need to
happen in each of the shots you take. The higher marks will come from a detailed and
careful collection of dope sheets. For example, if your characters speaks, you will need to
show the mouth forming every shape in order to look effective.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Frame
0_1
0_2
0_3
0_4
0_5
0_6
0_7
0_8
0_9
0_10
0_11
0_12
0_13
0_14
0_15
0_16
0_17
0_18
0_19
0_20
0_21
0_22
0_23
0_24
0_25
0_26
0_27
0_28

Path of action

Dialogue /
Soundtrack cue

Animation

Camera
instructions

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
0_29
0_30
Frame
1_1
1_2
1_3
1_4
1_5
1_6
1_7
1_8
1_9
1_10
1_11
1_12
1_13
1_14
1_15
1_16
1_17
1_18
1_19
1_20
1_21
1_22
1_23
1_24
1_25
1_26
1_27
1_28

Path of action

Dialogue /
Soundtrack cue

Animation

Camera
instructions

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
1_29
1_30

Frame
2_1
2_2
2_3
2_4
2_5
2_6
2_7
2_8
2_9
2_10
2_11
2_12
2_13
2_14
2_15
2_16
2_17
2_18
2_19
2_20
2_21
2_22
2_23
2_24
2_25
2_26
2_27

Path of action

Dialogue /
Soundtrack
cue

Animation

Camera
instructions

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet
2_28
2_29
2_30
Copy and paste as many dope sheets as you need. Remember to change the frame
numbering so that the first number refers to the second of animation ie, 1_24 is the 24th
frame of the first second, 3_17 is the 17th frame of the 3rd second.

Stop Motion Animation Pre-production Booklet

Liaising with client (write notes on discussions between you and your client)