CLASSIFICATION OF INSULATORS

DIFFERENT TYPE OF INSULATORS IS BEING ADOPTED BY UTILITIES FOR VARIOUS
APPLICATIONS

Overhead
Transmission lines
1. Porcelain
insulators
2. Glass Insulators
(X)
Porcelain Insulators
1. PLRI
2. Disc Insulators
(X)
PLRI comes under
Type A
Disc comes under

Substation

OEM

Railway

1. Solid core post
insulator
2. Cap & Pedestal
insulator (X)

Hollow
insulator

Application of Railway
insulators in single
phase
overhead
Electric traction lines
having
a
normal
voltage of 25kV (live
to earth) ac at 50 Hz.

SCPI comes under
Type A
CPI comes under Type
Types A totally puncture
proof
Type B totally prone for
puncture (this is absolute
in many utilities except

Application of hollow ins.
in
1. SF6 Circuit
Breakers/CBS
2. Potential
Transformers/PT
3. Current

Solid Core Post
Types A totally
Insulator
puncture proof
Application of SCPI in
Type B totally prone for 1. Isolator (center break,
puncture
double break &
pantograph)
2. Support for wave trap
Different types of
3. Bus bar Application
insulators
manufactured by MIL
Different types of
Voltage rating
insulators
from 33kV to
manufactured by MIL
1200kV
Voltage rating
from 11kV to
Designs - Up to 132kV
1200kV
as a Single Unit,
220kV as 2 units, Designs -Up to 132kV as a
400kV as 3 Units & Single Unit, 220kV as 2
765kV as 4 units and units
(MIL
has
also
1200kV as 6 units (Y). developed as a single
unit), 400kV as 3 Units &
PLRI recognized by
765kV as 4 units initially
BIL & tensile
developed & now modified
strength
as 3 units (in case of
operating rod insulator 4
Shed profile is
units) and 1200kV as 6
aerodynamic as
units (Y).
per IEC 60815
SCPI recognized by
BIL & bending
Minimum
strength
requirements to offer
the insulator:
Shed profile is
1. Length of the
aerodynamic as
insulator
per IEC 60815
2. Creepage Distance
3. Tensile strength
Minimum
4. Basic insulation
requirements to offer
level
the insulator:
1. Height of the
insulator
2. Creepage Distance
3. Bending strength
4. Basic insulation

1. Porcelain insulators
2. Polymer Insulators
(X)

Different types of
insulators
manufactured by MIL

Presently Railway are
using three types of
designs
1. 850mm CD
2. 1050 mm CD
3.1600mm CD (X)

Voltage rating
from 11kV to
800kV
Designs – Up to
800kV
manufacture as a
single unit

RDSO & Railway go for
polymer
wherever
pollution level is heavy
& vandalism areas (1600
mm CD)

Hollow insulators
recognized by ID,
OD along with BIL,
Bending strength &
internal pressure

Polymer insulators are
developed for stay arm,
bracket tube & 9- tonne
only.
Sectioning,
operating
&
post
insulators
not
at
developed.

Shed profile is
aerodynamic as per
IEC 60815 & some
of the utilities are
asking DIN profile
also

Different types of
insulators
manufactured by MIL

Minimum requirements
to offer the insulator:
1. Height of the
insulator
2. Creepage Distance
3. Bending strength
4. Internal Pressure
5. Basic insulation level
6. Internal diameter
7. Outer diameter
8. Customer drawing

1. Stay Arm (1050mm
CD)
2. Bracket tube (1050mm
CD)
3. 9 - Tonne (1050 mm
CD)
4. Sectioning (850 mm
CD)
Railway
insulators
are recognized by
CD & Mechanical
properties.
Shed
profile
for
all
insulators are DIN type as
per IEC 60815 except
sectioning (V type)

Minimum requirements to
offer the insulator: As per
the RDSO Specification no.
TI/SPC/OHE/INS /0070