X-Y Plane
A Cartesian coordinate system in two dimensions is
defined by two axes, X axis and a Y axis, where
The horizontal axis is normally labeled X
The vertical axis is normally labeled Y.
The two axis meet each other at right angles
They form a plane referred to as the XY-plane.

Whereas right side of 0 is occupied by positive numbers. 0 is at the center of the X axis.X-Axis XY-plane Upper Half -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 X-axis Lower Half X axis is a horizontal number line. The left side of 0 contains negative numbers. Note : X axis divides the XY-plane into upper half and lower half. .

-3 Y-axis . 0 is at the center of the Y axis.Y-Axis XY-plane Y axis is a vertical number line. Positive numbers are placed above 0 whereas negative number are placed below 0. 3 2 Left Half 1 Right Half 0 -1 -2 Note: Y axis divides the XY-plane in to left half and right half.

The point of intersection is a known as origin. we get the XY.0) XY-plane .plane.XY-Plane When X axis and Y axis intersect each other at their centers at right angle. The co-ordinate of this point are (0.

0) . Note: (x. 3). observe the points (1. (2.XY-Plane Any point in the XY-plane is denoted as ordered pair (x. if x ≠ y. (3.y) ≠ (y. (4. (0. 1). 4). 2) plotted in the XY plane.x). y) is reached by moving x units along the xaxis from the origin and then moving y units vertically XY-plane In the figure.y) where (x. 5). (5.

-) IV quadrant .0) 5 10 -5 (-. -) III quadrant -10 (+.Quadrants XY-plane is divided into four quadrants. +) 10 5 -10 -5 (0. XY-plane I Quadrant II quadrant (-. +) (+.

Quadrants Ist quadrant : Any point in Ist quadrant will be of the form (x. y). st I quadrant Y-axis (+. 3) 3 (7.2) 2 1 (0. Here both x-coordinate and y-coordinate are positive.0) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 X-axis . where x denotes the x-coordinate and y denote the ycoordinate.5) 5 (8. 6) (3. +) 6 (1.4) 4 (5.

5) 5 (-2. Here x-coordinate is negative but y-coordinate is positive. IInd quadrant Y-axis (-.4) 4 3 (-6. where x denotes the x-coordinate and y denote the y-coordinate.Quadrants IInd quadrant : Any point in IInd quadrant will be of the form (-x. 2) 2 1 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 (0.0) .6) 6 (-7. +) (-4. y).

Quadrants IIIrd quadrant : Any point in IIIrd quadrant will be of the form (-x. -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 (0.-y).0) -1 (-2. where x denotes the x-coordinate and y denote the ycoordinate.-1) -2 -3 (-6. Here both x-coordinate and y-coordinate are negative. -) IIIrd quadrant -6 (-4.-6) Y-axis .-3) -4 -5 (-7.-5) (-.

Here x-coordinate is positive but y-coordinate is negative.-5) (2.-3) -4 -5 -6 Y-axis (8. (0.Quadrants IVth quadrant : Any point in IVth quadrant will be of the form (x.-6) (+. where x denotes the x-coordinate and y denote the y-coordinate.-1) -2 -3 (7.-y).-) IVth quadrant .0) -1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 X-axis (4.

Quiz: Y axis C B A(-6.-2) J (7.-3) G I M X axis .3) D E K F(-5.

com) 1.Quiz: ( Send your solutions to support@greedge. In the figure on the previous page. identify the coordinates of the following points: ● B ● C ● D ● E ● G ● I ● K ● M .

Quiz: 2. In the figure below.3) B X axis . Identify the co-ordinates of point B. AB is parallel to X axis. length of AB = 8. Y axis A(-6.

AB is parallel to Y axis. A(1.Quiz: 3. length of AB = 8. 10) Y axis B X axis . In the figure below. Identify the co-ordinates of point B.

OB makes an angle of 45° with the X axis.Quiz: 4. length of OB = 8. In the figure below. Y axis B 45° O X axis . Identify the co-ordinates of point B.

Quiz: 5. radius of the circle is 8. E is the center and AC and BD are diameters Y axis A O D E C B X axis Determine the co-ordinates of: ● A ● B ● C ● D ● E . In the figure below.

Coordinate Geometry Part II: Distance between points .

-y2) Guess : 1) What is the distance of a point that lies on the Xaxis from the X-axis itself ? 2) What is the distance between a point (x. y) be any point in the plane.0) X-axis y4 y6 (-x4.y5) y3 y5 (x1.y) and X-axis = |y| units Note that: Distance is always positive . The distance between the point (x.-y6 ) (x2.y) and Yaxis? .Distance from X-Axis How to find the distance of a point from the X-axis? Y-axis Let (x.y1) y1 (-x6. (x3.0) (0.y3) (-x5.-y4) y2 (0.

y) and Y-axis will be |x| units along the X-axis.Distance from Y-axis How to find distance from a point to Y-axis? Y-axis Let (x. The distance between the point (x.0) (0.y1) x3 (-x5.y5) y5 (x3. y) be any point in the plane.-y4) (-x2.-y2) x4 (0. x1 (x1.-y6) x2 X-axis (x6.0) .y3) x5 (-x4.

1) (0. 3) and (4.4)2 +(3 .1)2] Y-axis (-1.0) and the point (0.y)? X-axis .x')2 +(y . y') then distance between these two points is given by √{(x . y) and (x'. 1) is = √[ (-1.0) = √[(-5)2 +(2)2] = √[25 + 4] = √29 Guess: What is the distance between the point (x.3) (4.y')2} For eg: Let us find distance between (-1. Given the points (x.Distance between two points Distance between two points.

Let P=(x.Distance from Origin(O.0) X-axis 2 2 = √{(-4) +(-5) } = √(16+25) =√41 Guess: Let P be any point in the plane.y) and the origin. 0) = √{(-4)2 +(-5)2 } (x.y) be any point in the plane. 2 ) (By applying distance y 2 + x formula ) √( = √{(-4 + 0)2 +(-5 + 0)2 } (0. y) (0. then the distance between the point P and the origin is given by √(x2 + y2) Y-axis Let us find the distance between the point (-4. If you join all the points which are at equal distance say 'd' from the point P. -5) P(x.O) Let us find the distance from the point to the origin. then which shape will you obtain? .

4) 6 (0. y) and Q = (x'. Then the midpoint M between the points P and Q is given by M= Y-axis (-4.4))/2 .0) and (-4. 8) 8 Find the midpoint of the points (4.0) and (-4.8). Let M be midpoint of the points (4.Midpoint Formula Let P = (x.0) X-axis 4 6 8 . 4) 4 2 -6 -4 -2 2 -2 -4 -6 -8 (4. y') be any points in the XY-plane. (0 + 8)/2) = (0.8) -8 M = ((4 + (.

0) d)(0.2) b) (3.0) e) (0.0) d)(-8.-10) c)(-11.-12) .-5) e)(0.Quiz ( Send your solutions to support@greedge. a) (3.com) 1)Find the distance of each of the following points from the X-axis a) (1.8) 2) Find the distance of each of the following points from the Y-axis.9) b)(-8.2) c)(7.

4) and (-4.2) d) origin and (-5 . Compare Col A and Col B .5) 5) Let P(x. 4) Find the distance between the following points a) (5. x) be two points in the XY plane. Col B: Distance between the point Q and origin.1) and (5. y) and Q(y. Col A: Distance between the point P and origin.Quiz 3)Compare the following : Col A = Distance of a point on the X-axis from the X-axis. Col B = Distance of a point on the Y-axis from the X-axis.-8) b) (6.7) and origin c) (7.

8) The two vertices of a right angle triangle are (1.6) and Q = (-3.6) and (-1. b) Distance of point M from the X -axis c) Distance of point M from the Y-axis d) Distance between the point M and origin.1) and the length of the hypotenuse is 5. What are the possible coordinates of this point ? . then find the following a) Distance between the points P and Q. (2. 7) Find the perimeter of the triangle formed by the points (1.4) and let M be the midpoint of the segment PQ .Quiz 6) If P=(2. The 3rd vertex of the triangle lies in the 1st Quadrant.3). 1) and (4.-1) .

(4.1) . 10)Find the area of the triangle formed by the three points A(-1.-1). 1) and (1.-1).-1) are the vertices of the rectangle then find the following: a)fourth vertex of the rectangle b) perimeter of the rectangle c)the diagonal of the rectangle. .Quiz 9) If (1.5) and C(7. B(-1.