721, Sholinganallur Medavakkam High Road,
Cheran Nagar, Perumbakkam,
Chennai- 600 100

PATRON: His Holiness Dakshinamaya Jagadguru
Mahasannidhanam Anantashri Bharathitheertha Mahaswamigal
Of Sri Sringeri Sarada Peetam
Physics Project on
“Testing Gas Laws”


I would also like to extend my gratitude to my Physics teacher . Chennai.(Affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. Sholinganallur Medavakkam High Road..for supporting us in our education. M. Alamelu. M.. M.Phil. Perumbakkam. K. Cheran Nagar..Ed.A.600 100 This is to certify that the project entitled TESTING GAS LAWS Is a bonafide work done by A.KishoreKumar EXAMINER ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank our correspondent Mrs. New Delhi) 721.

a special thank you to my parents and The Almighty.Sc.Karuppanaswamy. Last but not the least..for helping me with the project.Mr .K. M. this project would not have been successful. without whose support.Physics. .

causing a greater pressure. with one or more of the variables held constant.AIM: My goal is to determine the effect of pressure and temperature on the volume of air. It can be verified experimentally using a pressure gauge and a variable volume container. published in 1662. everyday situations. and the equation of state for an ideal gas is derived from kinetic theory. the product of the pressure and volume of a given mass of an ideal gas in a closed system is always constant. is reduced in volume. GAS LAWS: The gas laws were developed at the end of the 18th century. at constant temperature. The earlier gas laws are now considered as special cases of the ideal gas equation. EQUATION: . with a fixed number of molecules inside. even in common. more molecules will strike a given area of the sides of the container per unit time. I hypothesize that higher temperatures and lower pressure increase the volume of air noticeably. Gases behave in a similar way over a wide variety of conditions because they all have molecules which are widely spaced. volume and temperature of a sample of gas could be obtained which would hold to a good approximation for all gases. It can also be derived from the kinetic theory of gases: if a container. BOYLE’s LAW: Boyle's Law. when scientists began to realize that relationships between the pressure. states that.

assuming in a closed system. and V is the volume of a gas. or the law of volumes. GRAPH: The graph for this inverse relationship is as follows: CHARLES LAW: Charles's Law.where P is the pressure. for a given mass of an ideal gas at constant pressure. the volume is directly proportional to its absolute temperature. EQUATION: . was found in 1787 by Jacques Charles. It states that.

T is the absolute temperature.where V is the volume of a gas. GRAPH: The graph for this relationship is as follows: .

Amontons' Law or the Pressure Law. It states that.GAY LUSSAC’s LAW: Gay-Lussac's Law. the pressure exerted on the sides of its container is directly proportional to its absolute temperature. GRAPH: The graph for this relationship is as follows: . was found by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in 1809. for a given mass and constant volume of an ideal gas.

and temperature for a fixed mass (quantity) of gas. EQUATION: P = pressure (Pa) V = volume (m3) T = temperature (K) n = number of moles N = number of molecules R = universal gas constant = 8. Charles' Law. It shows the relationship between the pressure.IDEAL GAS LAW: The Combined Gas Law or General Gas Equation is obtained by combining Boyle's Law.3145 Jmol^1K^-1 kB = Boltz. volume.amm's constant = 1. and Gay-Lussac's Law.38x10-23 .

5.9% per meter underwater. Fridge. 2.Large).JK^-1 NA = Avagadro's number = 6. The Balloon is kept in Room Temperature in Sea Level. PROCEDURE: Balloons are experimented with Effect on Volume. Another Balloon is kept in a Refridgerator and the Fourth balloon is kept inside Hot Water. and decrease by 0. OBSERVATION: It was found that balloons increase by 1% in volume per 100 meters of elevation gained. 1.4% per degree Kelvin of cooling. Another Balloon is kept in High Altitudes Like Terrace. Observe for 4 Times and note down the Mean Value.023x1023 mol^-1 APPARATUS REQUIRED: Balloons of 3 Different Sizes(Small. 4. Volume is Calculated and recorded in the Table. Repeat the Steps with Medium and Large Balloons and Record Observations. TEMPERATURE CHANGE . Hot Water Bath. 3. Medium. decrease by 6. Now. 6.


So. Temperature makes the Difference in Volume. Most Interesting Observation was that even slight change of Elevation. This Obeys Gas Laws. . Volume of Balloon decreases with More Pressure or Less Temperature.Volume of Balloon increases with Less Pressure or Higher Temperature.