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What Is Cord Blood?
Cord Blood - Stem Cell Dept. Department Of Health And Human Services

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Cord blood, also called placenta blood or umbilical cord blood, refers to blood that is found in the placentas and umbilical cords belonging to new born babies.   The placenta is essentially the trading post between the mother and baby and is connected to the foetus by the umbilical cord. Blood found in these organs has the same composition as regular blood except that in addition to red blood cells, white blood cells and plasma, it also contains a large amount of hematopoietic stem cells.   These stem cells can also be found in the bone marrow of adults and because of this similarity, cord blood can be used in bone marrow transplants. Hematopoietic stem cells are responsible for the renewal of blood since they are able to differentiate into all the different types of blood cell as well as into immune cells. In addition to this, they are able to move from the bone marrow into general circulation and can undergo apoptosis or programmed cell death.   Cord blood can only be collected fifteen minutes after delivery has occurred and the umbilical cord severed from the child. When collected, the blood can survive for about three days at room temperature. This window of time is generally used to transport the supply to blood banks where the stem cells are treated and cryogenically frozen. Once frozen, the stem cells are able to retain their usefulness for decades after the fact. The blood collected can be stored in public or family banks. In public banks the donors remain anonymous while in family banks the samples remain connected to the child and his relatives.   This could prove to be useful if the baby or its family members need stem cells in the future.   It is also possible that storing stem cells can provide babies with more medical options as further developments in science and technology take place. In the past twenty to thirty years, umbilical cord blood has become important in health and in the study of the importance of hematopoietic stem cells. It has been used to treat approximately seventy diseases thus far including hematologic malignancies like leukaemia, bone marrow failure diseases like anaemia, immune deficiency diseases like Nezelof syndrome, metabolic diseases like Tay Sach disease as well as histiocytoses, neuroblastoma and afflictions of neutrophils and red blood cells. For transplant purposes, children generally cannot benefit from their own cord blood. However, adults have a fifty percent chance of being able to use their own stem cells in transplant medicine.   Research into cord blood has shown that it has great potential for tissue regeneration. It has been found that cord blood contains mesenchymal and endothelial progenitor cells that could possibly form bone and/or cartilage and blood vessels respectfully. It also contains pluripotent cells that could be able to form any type of cell including nerve, muscle and insulin-producing cells. These properties of cord blood could turn into cures for diseases like Alzheimer’s and osteoporosis that can only be treated but not eradicated. Cord Blood Headlines Cooling Blanket - WSOC Charlotte

Cooling BlanketWSOC CharlotteTwisting of the umbilical cord, bleeding from the placenta or uterus, and maternal trauma or seizures can disrupt blood flow to the fetal brain. ... Thinking about Cord Blood Banking? - EmpowHer (blog) Thinking about Cord Blood Banking?EmpowHer (blog)What is cord blood? Cord blood is the blood located inside the umbilical cord after the cord has been cut. It is rich with stem cells, what the Cord Blood ...and more » State finds funds for cord-blood banks - Ha'aretz State finds funds for cord-blood banksHa'aretzCord blood is collected from the umbilical cord and placenta after birth; the blood is rich in stem cells, which are undifferentiated, "primordial" cells. ...and more » New technology on stem cell bared - Manila Bulletin New technology on stem cell baredManila BulletinTop umbilical cord blood and stem cell banking facilities are in the country, using the same sophisticated procedures available abroad. ...and more » Marion County authorities close 20-year-old case of baby found dead in Salem park OregonLive.comMarion County authorities close 20-year-old case of baby found dead in Salem parkOregonLive.comInvestigators ran the DNA from the sample through various databases and got a hit: DNA from blood taken from the placenta found with Baby Jane Doe in 1990 ...and more »

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