Process record for year 2016 first semester in Pakistan Society

Field work
Introduction:
Field work is an integral aspect of social work education as it attempts to provide
students with the opportunity to integrate theories with practice through the guidance
of a qualified supervisor and also qualified field advisor. Field learning is including
agency characteristics, learning goals and structure and supervision. Students
associated the quality of supervision and relevance of learning most highly with
satisfaction in their placement experience.
Definitions of field work:
1 Field work is a discipline term for the collection of data outside of a controlled
laboratory setting and work done observations made in the field as opposed to
observed in a controlled environment.
2 Field work which is also known as field instructions, field placement, field
education, practicum, or internship is therefore on integral component of social
work education.

Aims and objectives of field work:
Social work education comprises of a theoretical component taught in the classroom
and field-based education involving integration of the academic aspect and practice.
The following are the aims and objectives of field work placement.
1 Observation and understanding of the interaction between human behavior
through life span and the surrounding system.

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2 Development of self-awareness about one’s attributes values, sensitivities and
ethical requirements.
3 Learning and practice of social work method, techniques and skills for
prevention and amelioration of social problems at micro, middle and micro
levels.
4 Development of commitment to the mission, values and ethics of social work
practice. Based on the aims of field placement students should develop their
competencies in the following areas.
1 knowledge
2 practice skills
3 values, attitudes and personal development
4 use of supervision and guidance

Importance of field work:
Field work is important that students should be helped to develop the attitude of mind
ideas them to make connection between study and relief. It is needed vital that this is
should be done if students are to become professional practitioners in the rather than
goods nature and amateurs of techniques applying narrows skills by rule of thumbs
method.
There is some importance of field work practice.
1 Through the field work, the students can learn how to apply social work
methods in the situation of given individuals, groups or community problems.
2 They can expose to agency practice in which they are in systematically
preplanned approach to solve problem process such as study, diagnosis and
treatment.
3 The students achieve self-awareness and discipline to use them as a helper and
as agent of change in an individual and group situation.
4 The students develop facility in the use of organizational structure, they come
to know foster and gain insight regarding his or her network of relationship in
the organization.

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5 The students acquire social work know ledge and are given an opportunity to
try variety of social work methods, skills and techniques.

Importance of field work:
Field work is important that students should be helped to develop the attitude of mind
ideas them to make connection between study and relief. It is needed vital that this is
should be done if students are to become professional practitioners in the rather than
goods nature and amateurs of techniques applying narrows skills by rule of thumbs
method.
There is some importance of field work practice.
1 Through the field work, the students can learn how to apply social work
methods in the situation of given individuals, groups or community problems.
2 They can expose to agency practice in which they are in systematically
preplanned approach to solve problem process such as study, diagnosis and
treatment.
3 The students achieve self-awareness and discipline to use them as a helper and
as agent of change in an individual and group situation.
4 The students develop facility in the use of organizational structure, they come
to know foster and gain insight regarding his or her network of relationship in
the organization.
5 The students acquire social work know ledge and are given an opportunity to
try variety of social work methods, skills and techniques​.
KINDS OF FIELD WORK​:
Types of training or field work maybe defined in terms of
I Block Placement
ii Concurrent Placement
iii In service Training
IV on the Job Training
v ​Generic and Specialization

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We are placed in medical setup for one year
Definitions:
1. ​Medical social work or Med.SW is a sub-discipline of social work, also

known

as Hospital social work and Healthcare Social Work. Medical

social workers typically work in a hospital, outpatient clinic, community
health agency, skilled nursing facility, long-term care facility or hospice.

2.

​Medical social work or Med.SW is a sub-discipline of social work, also

known as Hospital social work and Healthcare Social Work. Medical social
workers typically work in a hospital, outpatient clinic, community health
agency, skilled nursing facility, long-term care facility or hospice

3. Definition of “medical social worker” The official Collins English

Dictionary online. Comprehensive and authoritative, rely on Collins for
up-to-date English with insights into language trends and usage​.
Overview
Social workers in hospitals and medical centers provide frontline services to patients
with conditions spanning the entire health care continuum. According to a national
survey of licensed social workers, hospitals are the most common primary
employment setting for health care social workers (Whitaker, Weismiller, Clark &
Wilson, 2006). For purposes of this document, the term “hospital” refers to the
variety of general and specialized acute care medical facilities. Hospital social

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Process record for year 2016 first semester in Pakistan Society
workers practice in increasingly specialized environments, and are frequently
assigned to specific medical units that are based on diagnosis, age, or gender
(Gibelman, 2005). Examples of social work specialization within a hospital include
pediatrics, oncology, nephrology, transplant, and emergency/trauma. In addition to
clinical roles, social workers are also employed in hospital leadership roles, and may
serve as mangers or administrators for specific hospital programs such as mental
health, aging or community outreach.
Overview of Functions:
Hospital social workers help patients and their families understand a particular
illness, work through the emotions of as diagnosis, and provide counseling about the
decisions that need to be made. Social workers are also essential members of
interdisciplinary hospital teams. Working in concert with doctors, nurses, and allied
health professionals, social workers sensitize other health care providers to the social
and emotional aspects of a patient’s illness. Hospital social workers use case
management skills to help patients and their families address and resolve the social,
financial and psychological problems related to their health condition. Job functions
that a social worker might perform within a hospital include​:
■ Initial screening and evaluation of patient and families;
■ Comprehensive psychosocial assessment of patients;
■ Helping patients and families understand the illness and treatment options, as well
as consequences of various treatments or treatment refusal;
■ Helping patients/families adjust to hospital admission; possible role changes;
exploring emotional/social responses to illness and treatment;
■ Educating patients on the roles of health care team members; assisting patients and
families in communicating with one another and to members of health care team;
interpreting information;

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■ Educating patients on the levels of health care (i.e. acute, sub- acute, home care);
entitlements; community resources; and advance directives;
■ Facilitating decision making on behalf of patients and families;
■ Employing crisis Intervention;
■ Diagnosing underlying mental illness; providing or making referrals for individual,
family, and group psychotherapy;
■ Educating hospital staff on patient psychosocial issues;
■ Promoting communication and collaboration among health care team members;
■ Coordinating patient discharge and continuity of care planning;
■ promoting patient navigation services; occupational profile
1 Social Workers in Hospitals & Medical Centers
■ arranging for resources/funds to finance medications, durable medical equipment,
and other needed services;
■ Ensuring communication and understanding about post-hospital care among
patient, family and health care team members;
■ Advocating for patient and family needs in different settings: inpatient, outpatient,
home, and in the community; and
■ championing the health care rights of patients through advocacy at the policy level.

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PROFILE OF INSTITUTE Pakistan Society:
Institute name​:
centre

​Pakistan society for drug treatment and rehabilitation

Address​:

​F.B Area Aysha Manzil near Imam Bargah Karachi

Supervisor name:

Dr Bhim Hirani

Advisor name​:

​Dr Muhammad Arshad

Introduction to Pakistan Society:
Pakistan Society, a voluntary social welfare organization was founded in 1982 at
Karachi

Pakistan

and

subsequently registered under Voluntary Agencies

(Registration & Control) Ordinance 1961 by the Directorate of Social Welfare, Govt.
of Sindh Pakistan in 1988 for providing social, educational and health care services
especially for youth and patients.
Pakistan Society is one of the prestigious organizations actively involved in
prevention of infectious diseases such as HIV, TB, malaria, hepatitis and behavioral
disorders such as drug dependence. Pakistan Society has worked with local
organizations

such

as SINDH

PROGRAMME (SACP), NATIONAL

on

HIV/AIDS (SNNHA) NGO

Participation (NEP), NGO

Resource

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CONTROL

AIDS

PROGRAMME (NACP), ANTI-NARCOTICS
Network

AIDS

Center as

CONTROL

FORCE (ANF) Sindh
Network
well

as

for
with

NGOs
Electoral

international

Process record for year 2016 first semester in Pakistan Society
organizations including European Commission, United Nations International Drug
Control

Program (UNDCP), Canadian

Agency (CIDA) UNAIDS, Global

Fund

International
Against

TB

and

Development
Malaria,

World

Bank andUNDP.

Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN PAKISTAN, which started drug harm
reduction program in 1994 with the financial support of International Drug Demand
Reduction Program (IDDRP), a joint project of UNDCP, Pakistan Narcotics Control
Board and UNDP.
Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN SINDH, which started HIV/AIDS Prevention
Program for Injecting Drug Users in Karachi (2000) supported by UNAIDS &
UNDCP.
Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN SINDH, which started HIV/AIDS Prevention
Program for Injecting Drug Users in Hyderabad (2004) supported by European
Commission through Interact Worldwide and Pakistan National AIDS Consortium.
Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN SINDH, which started HIV/AIDS Prevention
Program for Female Drug Users in Sindh (2005) supported by Canada International
Development Agency (CIDA).
Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN SINDH, which started both drug harm and
demand reduction program in Larkana in 2006.
Pakistan Society is the FIRST NGO IN SINDH, which has the longest working
experience i.e. 15 years experience of working with Injecting Drug Users in the field
of prevention of HIV/AIDS and STIs including monitoring the organization and
location of IDUs in the project area, implementation of appropriate BCC strategies,

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provision of harm reduction activities including SNEP and referral services, provision
of PHC services and treatment of STIs on syndromic management, provision of
condoms; education and access to accessible and appropriate STI services as well as
access to volunteer counseling and testing services. The services also include
facilitating access to ARVT, treatment compliance, prevention, care and support of
people living with HIV/AIDS. Pakistan Society has also been working for the
prevention of infectious diseases such as hepatitis, tuberculosis and malaria. At
present Pakistan Society is working not only with Injecting Drug Users, but also with
other Key Vulnerable Communities including Female Sex Workers, Male having sex
with male (including transgender), PLHIV and their families.

Mission Statement:
Pakistan Society is a non-profit, non-governmental organization which is committed
to enhance the positive quality of individual, family and community life, infected and
affected by infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis and malaria
as well as behavioral disorders including drugs and substance abuse by providing
services that are consistently available, accessible and responsive to the needs of
individuals, families and groups seeking assistance and to work with the community
to contribute, facilitate and promote solutions through dynamic programming
response to the needs of diverse communities. The services provided by Pakistan
Society include peer education, training and outreach, specialized detoxification and
rehabilitation services for injecting drug users (male & female), solvent abusing street
kids, pregnant women, transgender and commercial sex workers, health promotion
and harm reduction initiatives, links to medical care and management of

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opportunistic infections, treatment preparedness, facilitating the accessibility of
antiretroviral therapy, ensuring treatment adherence, reducing stigma and
discrimination, promoting support counseling, advocacy and referrals. These
comprehensive programmes promote the well-being, empowerment and stability of
persons living with and at risk for HIV, tuberculosis, hepatitis malaria and drug
dependence.

Our Vision:
Pakistan Society will be a premiere€“world class non-governmental organization by
building on its traditions of innovative, problem solving, outstanding high quality and
coherent programmes and partnerships in the areas of need and importance to
advancing health in all stages of life at all policy levels through health promotion,
education, advocacy and program implementation to enable every individual, family
and community, particularly poor, marginalized and remote to benefit from essential
prevention, treatment, care and support services.

Objectives:

The development of collaborative and fruitful interactions among
non-governmental organizations locally, nationally and internationally to
identify the needs of service and implement diversified programs for drug
harm reduction both locally and globally as well as prevention and treatment of
infectious diseases mainly focus on STIs / HIV-AIDS, HCV/HBV,
Tuberculosis and Malaria among vulnerable, bridge and general population.

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The development of a comprehensive mechanism and communication system
for the collection of drug abuse / HIV-AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis and
HCV/HBV information and research data for efficient analysis and subsequent
strategic modifications of Society’s own projects / programs and activities
as well as dissemination to other NGOs, GOs and concerned organizations.

The mobilization of necessary resources to support Society’s activities for
coping up the problems of drug abuse / HIV-AIDS, HCV/HBV, Tuberculosis
and Malaria.

Capacity Building of the staff

Empowerment of Key Vulnerable Communities and improving quality of life

Reducing Stigma & Discrimination

Trainings:

Pakistan Society has provided 181 trainings to staff members during the course
of the last 03 years

Pakistan Society has also provided trainings to other NGOs working especially
for Karachi-based IDUs on HIV/AIDS, Care & Support of People Living with
HIV/AIDS on the following topics:
o

Detoxification & Rehabilitation

o

Promotion & Distribution of Condoms & Water-based Lubricants

o

Voluntary Confidential Counseling & Testing

o

Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) Adherence and Its Compliance

o

Maximum Coverage

o

HIV related Mental Health Illnesses

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o

A series of workshops for people living with HIV & AIDS

Policies:
Pakistan Society has developed following Policies and Guidelines

Human Resource / Administrative Guideline

Financial Management Policy

Internal Monitoring and Evaluation Guidelines

Detoxification & Rehabilitation Methodology

Behavior Change Communication Strategy / Guidelines

Protocol for Training for local Service Providers

Protocol for Mapping of vulnerable population

Protocol for Advocacy on HIV/AIDS for Injecting Drug Users

Protocol for Use of Condom and Water-based Lubricants

Protocol for Blood Sample Collection

Protocol for Maintaining Regularity Status of Injecting Drug Users

Target Beneficiaries:
1. Injecting Drug Users/non-Injecting Drug Users
2. Female Injecting/non-Injecting Drug Users
3. Male having sex with Male / Hijras
4. Female Sex Workers
5. People Living with HIV/AIDS
6. Families of PLHIV
7. Orphans of PLHIV
8. School going children
9. General Community
10.Students
11.Street Children
12.Recovering Injecting Drug Users/Drug Users

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13.NGOs/CBOs
14.Disable
Main Themes:












Awareness Raising
Capacity Building
Trainings
Primary Healthcare
Social Mobilization
Income Generation
Research
Legal Awareness & Facilitation
Advocacy
Prevention of Drug Abuse
HIV/AIDS Prevention
Care & Support of PLHIV
Prevention and Treatment of Hepatitis

Demand Reduction Program:



Detoxification:
o Inpatient / institutionalized
o Home-based
o Out-patient
o Community-based
Rehabilitation:
o Physical
o Social
o Psychological
o Vocational
Aftercare / follow ups
Relapse prevention
Family re-integration

Harm Reduction Program:
Drop-in-centers for injecting/non-injecting drug users

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Monitor the locations of injecting drug use in the project area
Implement appropriate behavior change communication (bcc) strategies
Provide harm reduction services, including needle and syringe exchange
Provide condom education and distribution
Provide primary healthcare curative services and services for stis (stis) based
on syndromic management using national guidelines
Provide education on sexual health and stis, and access to acceptable and
appropriate services for stis
Provide access to voluntary counseling and testing services
Promote an enabling environment in the project area
Provide detoxification and rehabilitation activities

Donors:

National donors
International organizations / donors

National Donors:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Sindh aids control program
National aids control program
Health department
Social welfare department
Anti narcotic force

International Organizations / Donors
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

European commission
United nations office on drug control & crime
Unaids
Canada international development agency (cida)
Unicef
World bank
Rotarians / lions

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h.
i.
j.
k.

Norwegian embassy
Consulate general of Germany
Interact worldwide Pakistan
Family health international

Awareness Program:
Pakistan Society organizes awareness programmed / workshops for students, general
public and professionals. Different colleges and Universities visit every year to
Society for awareness on drug abuse and drug-related HIV. These colleges and
Universities have been provided maximum information by the experts of society and
the vulnerable populations as well.
Pakistan Society celebrates all the health-related International Days with
collaboration of different stakeholders’ provincial and national level.

Human Resource:
We have a team of highly committed, competent, devoted and qualified field staff
and core management group of professionals with profound technical, financial and
managerial skills.
Our work force includes people from various ethnic groups such as Punjabi, Sindhi,
Pathan / Pakhtoon, Baloch and Urdu speaking and also belongs to high risk groups
such as Injecting Drug Users, People Living with HIV/AIDS, making it easier to
communicate with various vulnerable, populations.
Our staff team has long experience of working both in urban & rural areas of the
province of Sindh including Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana, Sehwan Sharif,
Dadu.

Activity No: 1
Introduction:
In this semester we had only one activity which we conducted survey in Moosa
colony and Esa nagri spot. We were total eleven members in our group and
conducted survey collectively and took interview from ten clients of each person. The
main purpose of that activity to compile a research on drug addicted person and to

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know about the actual cause of drug addiction and also highlight the social,
economical, mental and physical issues they face due to their addiction, because our
placement are in drug Prevention agency that is why such kind of field surveys are
much helpful for the understanding of the drug addicted person in our society.

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Observation:
It was a good experience to conduct field survey on such spot, because we learned
many new information about the drug addicted persons. We also learned about their

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issues like social, mental. Economical and health related etc. such kind of field
surveys is much helpful for social work students to apply theory into practice.

Personal Opinion or Conclusion:
Field work is the most important part of social work; field work placement plays
most important and prominent role to boost up the abilities and competencies of the
students of social work. During their field work they work practically looking theory
and practice both and build up their confidence level they can overcome on their
hesitation and also enhance their abilities. Without participating of field work they
would not be called professional because, social work relies on both theory and
practice. We study the methods and techniques of social work in the class room in
our theory classes and when we go to the field we practically implement on it.​ We
introduced ourselves as a social worker in to the community and society. During the
field we conducted survey on drug addicted persons in different spot in Karachi.
Case work is one of the most important method of social work and we learned about
case work in field work that how to deal with an individual in the society. We are
placed in medical setup setup as a group when we work together like as a group we
tried to implement the principles technique and methods of social group work and
also try to learn such things.
In a nut shell we learnt lots of new things and information during the field especially
being a part of the society how we can play our role for the betterment of the
individual, group, community and society at large………

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