# COMMUNICATION ENG.

PROF. A.M.ALLAM

SOL TUT4
Smith chart & matching
transformers

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COMMUNICATION ENG.

PROF. A.M.ALLAM

d=1m
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COMMUNICATION ENG.

PROF. A.M.ALLAM

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M. A.ALLAM Step 2 Locate the normalized load impedance on Smith Chart 4 .COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF.

A.COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF.M.ALLAM Step 3 Draw the circle of constant reflection coefficient 5 .

COMMUNICATION ENG.M. A.ALLAM Step 4 Get the position (from the “wavelength towards generator scale”) of the normalized load impedance in terms of λ 6 . PROF.

A.M.25 λ length (in terms of λ) towards the generator in order to get the position of the normalized input impedance in terms of λ 7 .ALLAM Step 5 Move a distance equals to the transmission line 0. PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.

417 λ Step 6 Intersect the circle of the constant reflection 0.COMMUNICATION ENG. A. PROF.417 λ 8 .ALLAM Start Point = 0.167 λ = 0.M.25 λ + 0.25 λ coefficient to get the value of the normalized input impedance 0.25 λ End Point = 0.

25 λ 0. PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.ALLAM 0.417 λ 9 .M. A.

COMMUNICATION ENG.M. PROF. A.ALLAM 10 .

ALLAM d = 0.M. PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.8 m 11 . A.

M.ALLAM 12 .COMMUNICATION ENG. A. PROF.

033 λ = 0.ALLAM 0.COMMUNICATION ENG.033 λ 0λ Start Point = 0 λ End Point = 0 λ + 0.033 λ 13 .M. PROF. A.

PROF. A.COMMUNICATION ENG.M.ALLAM 14 .

A. PROF.ALLAM 15 .M.COMMUNICATION ENG.

M.COMMUNICATION ENG.ALLAM 16 . A. PROF.

A.ALLAM 17 .M.COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF.

PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG. A.M.ALLAM 18 .

A. PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.ALLAM 19 .M.

ALLAM 0.101 λ PROF.101 λ = 0.125 λ + 0. A.M.125 λ 0.COMMUNICATION ENG. 0.125 λ End Point = 0.226 λ Start Point = 0.226 λ 20 .

The location of the maximum voltage equals the difference between the two positions. PROF. 3. 2. Get its position. From chart.COMMUNICATION ENG. 4. A.125 λ 21 . Get the position of the normalized load impedance.M. Locate the normalized maximum impedance. the location equals -0.ALLAM c) The location of maximum voltage on the line: 1.

125 λ – 0.125 λ Position of Max from load = 0.COMMUNICATION ENG.101 λ PROF. A.25 λ = .125 λ + 0.226 λ 0.125 λ 0.0.226 λ Position of Max = 0.101 λ = 0.M.125 λ End Point = 0.ALLAM 0.25 λ Position of Load = 0.25 λ Start Point = 0. 0.125 λ22 .

M. A.COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF. 23 .ALLAM Then the values got using equations are very close to the values got by the smith chart.

A.ALLAM 24 . PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.M.

PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.M. A.ALLAM 25 .

A.M.ALLAM Step 2 Draw the circle of constant reflection coefficient 26 .COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF.

M.ALLAM 27 . A.COMMUNICATION ENG. PROF.

COMMUNICATION ENG.M. PROF.ALLAM 1+jB Step 4 Find the intersections with the R=1 circle (1+jB and 1-jB) 1-jB 28 . A.

COMMUNICATION ENG.022 λ = 0.159λ . PROF.M. A.342λ .159 λ d 1 d 2 d1 0.022 λ 1+jB Step 5 Get the position of the load admittance and the positions of the two intersections (from wavelength towards generator scale) in order to get the distance from the load to the positions of the shunt stub 1-jB d2 d1 = 0.342 λ 29 .137λ d2 = 0.0.ALLAM 0.022 λ = 0.32λ 0.0.

+jB) by getting the values of the arcs. A.M. 1-jB d2 -jB = -j0.9 0.9 PROF.ALLAM 0.159 λ d 1 d 2 jB = j0.COMMUNICATION ENG.342 λ 30 .022 λ 1+jB Step 6 Get the values of the shunt suseptance (-jB. d1 0.

32λ ➢ The value of the shunt suseptance +jB = j0.9 ▪ The Second Solution (1-jB): ➢ The position of the shunt suseptance d2 = 0.9 31 .COMMUNICATION ENG. A.ALLAM ▪ The First Solution (1+jB): ➢ The position of the shunt suseptance d1 = 0.137λ ➢ The value of the shunt suseptance –jB = -j0.M. PROF.

M. A.ALLAM 32 . PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.

PROF.COMMUNICATION ENG.M. A.ALLAM Step 1 Locate the VSWR and draw the circle of constant reflection coefficient 33 .

406 λ = 0.M.406 λ 34 .406 λ PROF.ALLAM 0λ Start Point = 0 λ End Point = 0 λ + 0. A. 0.COMMUNICATION ENG.

PROF. A.ALLAM 35 .COMMUNICATION ENG.M.

ALLAM 1+jB Step 4 Find the intersections with the R=1 circle (1+jB and 1-jB) 1-jB 36 . A.COMMUNICATION ENG.M. PROF.

148λ = 0.M.ALLAM d 1 0. A.304λ .COMMUNICATION ENG.344 λ .304 λ 37 d1 d2 d1 = 0.0.196λ . PROF.344λ = .0.196 λ 1+jB Step 5 Get the position of the load admittance and the positions of the two intersections (from wavelength towards generator scale) in order to get the distance from the load to the positions of the shunt stub 1-jB 0.344 λ = .04λ = 0.0.0.46 λ d2 0.352 λ d2 = 0.

25 λ = 0.061λ = 0.0.311 λ 38 .344 λ 0.ALLAM l2 d 1 0.M.304 λ l1 d1 d2 l1 = 0.COMMUNICATION ENG.061 λ l2 = 0.25 λ l1 l2 1-jB 0.25 λ = 0.196 λ 1+jB 0.189λ . A.439 λ d2 0.0.189 λ 0. PROF.311λ .

A.46 λ ➢ The length of the short shunt stub l2 = 0. 39 . all the calculations will be done using the impedance and note the admittance.ALLAM ▪ The First Solution (1+jB): ➢ The position of the shunt stub d1 = 0. PROF.439 λ Note: If the stub was series.061 λ ▪ The Second Solution (1-jB): ➢ The position of the shunt stub d2 = 0.352 λ ➢ The length of the short shunt stub l1 = 0.M.COMMUNICATION ENG.