Whole Building Design Guide

Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers
This is a guidance document with sample specification language intended to be inserted into project specifications on
this subject as appropriate to the agency's environmental goals. Certain provisions, where indicated, are required for
U.S. federal agency projects. Sample specification language is numbered to clearly distinguish it from advisory or
discussion material. Each sample is preceded by identification of the typical location in a specification section where
it would appear using the SectionFormat of the Construction Specifications Institute.


resource management: Several modular office furniture manufacturers have environmental lines
including reclaimed, refurbished furniture, furniture with recycled materials, and furniture with organic
A variety of green furniture products are available including products manufactured from sustainably
harvested wood, recycled metal, recycled plastic, alternative agricultural materials, and organically grown
Typical fabrics used in building products include: wool, worsted wool, wool and polyester blend,
polyester, vinyl, modacrylic, cotton, silk and flax, and nylon.
Wool, a natural fiber obtained from domesticated sheep is valued for its absorbency, resiliency, insulation,
and ability to take dye well. Wool has some environmental concerns relative to animal husbandry,
including soil erosion due to over-foraging and pesticide runoff due to the immersion treatment (for
parasites on sheep).
Polyester is produced from petroleum and natural gas. Manufacture of polyester fiber generates air
emissions including polymer dust, volatized residual monomer, and fiber lubricants.
A variety of dyes are used, depending on the fabric and color desired. Many fabric dyes contain
petrochemicals. Dyeing fabric is water intensive and can generate toxic pollutants.
Draperies, upholstery, and wall coverings manufactured from organically grown natural fibers with nontoxic dyes are available. Organically grown cotton grown in certain colors is available. Some fabrics are
also available that have recycled plastic (generally PET - soda pop bottles) content.
toxicity/IEQ: System furniture may be constructed from various materials including composite wood
products, insulations, and adhesives that are all potential sources of VOC emissions. Free-standing,
partial height partitions (or panels) can interfere with the proper distribution of ventilation air. Install
panels according to plans prepared after the design of the HVAC system. Raising partition bottoms
above the floor may improve air flow at work stations contained within partial height panel systems.
Fabric coverings may act as sinks for VOCs. Dyes and fabric treatments, such as wrinkle-free or fireresistant, can be toxic. Chemical used for finishes and other purposes on fabrics can be sources of
VOCs. Cornstarch and tapioca are used as sizing. Copper compounds, chromium compounds, and
chlorinated phenol are used to inhibit mold and mildew. Silico-fluorides, and chromium-fluorides,
camphor, naphthalene, paradichlorobenzene are used for mothproofing. Organic halogenphosphorous
compounds, aryl bromophosphate, triethanolamine, and trimethylol melamine are used as flame
The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA), with input from government,
commercial testing and manufacturing organizations, has developed a standard test method (BIFMA
M7.1-2005) and a standard for determination of compliance (BIFMA X7.1-2005). Both of these
documents are available on the BIFMA website at the following links:
performance: Performance is comparable for green methods and standard methods. Fabric produced
from natural fibers, especially when dyed with natural, non-toxic dyes, is biodegradable.
Do not specify artwork or furnishings that require tight humidity controls of the mechanical systems.
Comfort standards typically allow humidity to fluctuate to save energy costs.


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Systems Furniture

3) If recycled content product is part of an assembly. Prefabricated Wood: 1) Indicate recycled content. Unless otherwise indicated. Recycled Content: a. 1. indicate distance between extraction. filing. 2. USGBC-LEED™ v2. submit the following for each type of product provided under work of this Section: SPECIFIER NOTE: Green building rating systems often include credit for materials of recycled content. Chairs. Tables.wbdg. Storage. indicate the percentage of recycled content product in the assembly by weight. and labor. c. and recovery.2 Section Includes: 1. Manufacturing location(s): Indicate location of manufacturing facility. SUBMITTALS A. indicate distance between manufacturing facility and the project site. Product Value: Indicate dollar value of product containing local/regional materials. 2. and shelving units. Green Globes US also provides points for materials that are locally manufactured. b.org 11/02/05 12700 . includes credit for materials with recycled content. Product data. for example. Transportation impacts include: fossil fuel consumption. air pollution. calculated on the basis of preconsumer and post-consumer percentage content. 4) If recycled content product is part of an assembly.1 GENERAL SUMMARY A.2 Systems Furniture . 5. indicate percentage of pre-consumer and post-consumer recycled content per unit of product. Workstations. and it includes credit for use of salvaged/recovered materials. USGBC-LEED™ v2. SPECIFIER NOTE: Specifying local materials may help minimize transportation impacts. indicate relative dollar value of recycled content product to total dollar value of assembly. c. b. 1. Partitions. include materials cost only.2 includes credits for materials extracted/harvested and manufactured within a 500 mile radius from the project site. 4. and recovery and the project site. harvesting. Recovered Lumber: Provide documentation certifying products are from recovered lumber sources. however it may not have a significant impact on reducing the overall embodied energy of a building material because of efficiencies of scale in some modes of transportation. 3.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers PART 1 1. 2) Indicate relative dollar value of recycled content product to total dollar value of product included in project. Green building rating systems frequently include credit for local materials. Local/Regional Materials: a.2. Sourcing location(s): Indicate location of extraction. http://fedgreenspecs. harvesting. Salvaged Lumber: Provide documentation certifying products are from salvaged lumber sources. Green Globes US also provides points for reused building materials and components and for building materials with recycled content.

Engineered Wood Products: Provide documentation that composite wood and agrifiber products [are third-party certified as meeting ANSI standard requirements for formaldehyde emissions] [contain no added ureaformaldehyde resins. Product Component(s) Value: Where product components are sourced or manufactured in separate locations. including: adhesives and sealants. 3) [Submit manufacturer’s certification that products comply with SCAQMD #1168. Verify project requirements for low VOC roofing products. Green Seal. anti-corrosive paints are to comply with Green Seal GS-03. which USGBC describes as plants harvested within a ten-year cycle.] b. and.2. Environmental Protection Agency's criteria for third-party certifiers of environmentally preferable products. requires each Federal Agency to develop a procurement program which will assure that items composed of biobased products will be purchased to the maximum extent practicable and which is consistent with applicable provisions of Federal procurement law. clear wood finishes are to comply with SCAQMD #1113. for example. Biobased materials: a. and the criteria for bona fide ecolabeling bodies of the Global Ecolabeling Network. paints and coatings.] SPECIFIER NOTE: The 2002 Farm Bill . 4. http://fedgreenspecs. Indicate type of biobased material in product.] [Submit manufacturer’s certification that products comply with SCAQMD Rule 1168 in areas where exposure to freeze/thaw conditions and direct exposure to moisture will not occur. 8. Indicate VOC limits of the product. Under LEED™ v2. an independent. USGBC-LEED™ v2. and composite wood and agrifiber products. SPECIFIER NOTE: Green building rating systems may include credit for low emitting materials.e. USGBC-LEED™ v2. submit manufacturer’s certification that products comply with Bay Area AQMD Reg. 2) Submit Green Seal Certification to GS-36 and description of the basis for certification. not prefabricated) products. Indicate the percentage of biobased content per unit of product.2. the U.3 Systems Furniture . Adhesives – Field Applied: 1) Submit manufacturer’s product data for adhesives. composite wood and agrifiber products are to contain no added urea-formaldehyde. carpets.2 includes credits for use of rapidly renewable materials. the credits for low-emitting materials are directed towards interior. Green Globes – US. 3. provide location information for each component. Indicate the percentage by weight of each component per unit of product. carpet with the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) Green Label Plus. carpet cushion with CRI Green Label program. interior architectural paints are to comply with Green Seal GS-11. site-installed (i.wbdg. Rule 51 for containers larger than 16 oz and with California Air Resources Board (CARB) for containers 16 oz or less. As per USGBC published Credit Interpretations. the environmental standards for ecolabeling set by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Green Seal certification meets the criteria of ISO 14020 and 14024. provides credit for integration of materials from renewable sources that have been selected based on life-cycle assessment. Federal Procurement Of Biobased Products. non-profit organization. aerosol adhesives are to comply with Green Seal GS-36. certifies low-emitting products using internationally recognized methods and procedures. VOC data: a.Section 9002. includes credits for low-emitting materials. Submit MSDS highlighting VOC limits.org 11/02/05 12700 .Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers d. In areas where freeze/thaw conditions do exist or direct exposure to moisture can occur. Both the Adhesive and Sealant Council (ASC) and the SCAQMD have indicated that low VOC adhesives may have performance difficulties in extreme temperature and humidity conditions. b.S. adhesives and sealants are to comply with California’s South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) #1168.

residential equipment. b. a. Under LEED™ v2. Submit copies of invoices bearing the SFI certification numbers. Submit SFI certification numbers. Indicate compliance with the CSA and identify certifying organization. Canadian Standards Association (CSA): Provide letter of certification signed by lumber supplier. Indicate compliance with FSC "Principles for Natural Forest Management" and identify certifying organization. Letter of Certification(s) for Sustainable Forestry: 1. Type 1: Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET.2. D. identify each certified product on a line-item basis. Submit CSA certification numbers. Submit copies of invoices bearing the CSA certification numbers. PETE). SPECIFIER NOTE: The EPA has developed minimum energy efficiency standards for Energy Star labeled products. a minimum of 50 percent of wood-based materials and products incorporated into the Project must be certified in accordance with the Forest Stewardship Council Guidelines. Green Globes US also provides points for wood products that originate from certified sources.2 includes credit for use of sustainably harvested wood certified under Forest Stewardship Council Guidelines. Individual Fabric Tests: As specified herein. c.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers c. 1. identify each certified product on a line-item basis. b. Submit copies of invoices bearing the FSC certification numbers. Operating And Maintenance Manuals Submittals: SPECIFIER NOTE: The marking system indicated below is intended to provide assistance in identification of products for making subsequent decisions as to handling. office equipment. Submit FSC certification numbers. identify each certified product on a line-item basis. such as. Where products are not labeled. Sustainable Forestry Initiative. Emissions Test Reports: 1. Type 3: Vinyl (Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC).org 11/02/05 12700 . a. a. B. and the CSA Sustainable Forest Management Program. Type 4: Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE). http://fedgreenspecs. SPECIFIER NOTE: USGBC-LEED™ v2. Submit environmental data in accordance with Table 1 of ASTM E2129 for products provided under work of this Section. Type 2: High Density Polyethylene (HDPE). Submit documentation for Energy Star qualifications for equipment provided under work of this Section. 2. or disposal. Verify that plastic products to be incorporated into the Project are labeled in accordance with ASTM D1972. b.wbdg. 3. b. a. provide product data indicating polymeric information in Operation and Maintenance Manual. Type 5: Polypropylene (PP). Sustainable Forestry Board: Provide letter of certification signed by lumber supplier. d. Indicate EER (Energy Efficiency Rating) for equipment provided under work of this Section. Indicate compliance with the Sustainable Forestry Board’s "Sustainable Forestry Initiative" (SFI) and identify certifying organization. Forest Stewardship Council (FSC): Provide letter of certification signed by lumber supplier. HVAC. 5.4 Systems Furniture . Energy Efficiency: a. e. b. . recycling. Forest Stewardship Council. EPA Energy Star categories include: appliances. C. and lighting. Indicate relative dollar value of biobased content product to total dollar value of product included in project.

and the Large Chamber Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes from Office Workstations. the manufacturer is obligated to reclaim it and refurbish it or disassemble it for recycling as appropriate. 3. applicable to the project. 2. if any. and used in a multi-layer combination.gov/etv/pdfs/vp/07_vp_furniture. g. Under a green lease. and as follows: 1. F. Loading Ratio: It is assumed that building occupancy is one person per 130 square feet (12. It is assumed that the free height of the space within which air is circulated (supply and return) is 9 feet (2. Indicate manufacturer’s commitment to reclaim materials for recycling and/or reuse. when the customer no longer requires the use of the particular product or requires an updated model. a. Documentation of manufacturer’s [maintenance agreement] [take-back program] [green lease] for system furniture. The conditioning room shall provide at least 3 air changes per hour of outdoor air at temperatures between 20 and 27 degrees C. Emissions Testing: Test and report emissions from systems furniture in accordance with ASTM D5116. Ventilation Rate: It is assumed that the ventilation system will be operated approximately 55 hours per week (approximately 1/3 of the http://fedgreenspecs.org 11/02/05 12700 .rti. Overview of procedures. Thus. Type 6: Polystyrene (PS). Ten days prior to the initiation of the chamber test at the test facility.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers f. Office of Research and Development. This has the potential to be cost effective for manufacturers and customers alike. Use of this code indicates that the package in question is made with a resin other than the six listed above. This approach necessitates a revision of administrative services. Assumptions Used for the Specific Test Requirements: a.pdf (EPA site).epa. Research Triangle Park. A. but dramatic shift in the traditional perspective of leased equipment. The test specimens shall be packaged at the manufacturing location immediately after the final stage of the normal manufacturing process and prepared in the normal manner for shipping to an installation site. Type 7: Other. Green leasing is a new. the product manufacturer is responsible for the disposition of the product at all times. b. or http://www. Take-back programs refer to programs in which the product manufacturer “takes-back” scrap material and/or packaging associated with its product. NC. Specimen Handling: a.wbdg.74 m).3 QUALITY ASSURANCE SPECIFIER NOTE: The Large Chamber Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes from Office Workstations are also published as Large Chamber Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes. Limitations and conditions.cfm (RTI site). It is also extremely resource efficient. Refer to http://etv. Relative humidity shall be 50 percent plus/minus 15 percent. SPECIFIER NOTE: Identify special maintenance agreements. b. They were produced by Research Triangle Institute under a cooperative agreement with the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) National Risk Management Laboratory. the specimen components shall be unwrapped and placed in a conditioning room and kept there for the entire 10 days. Include the following: 1. Appropriate contact information.0 square meters) of office floor space.5 Systems Furniture . Maintenance agreements are standard practice in the building industry. and then directly to the environmental chamber which has been preconditioned for the test. 1. The laboratory shall remove the packaging and shall transfer the specimens to the conditioning space for conditioning.org/iap/documents. or is made of more than one resin listed above. 2. This package shall be delivered to the test facility without storage or other delays. It also requires a basic redesign of products in order to allow for future disassembly and upgrade.

including the manufacturing dates. c. 1999. SPECIFIER NOTE: The VOC Limits shown below are generally consistent with typical VOC concentrations found in office buildings as reported in recent literature (Girman. d. compounds representing the ten largest chromatographic peaks shall be quantified if they are not on the list. shall be documented and submitted with the test results. and Weschler.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers 3. Therefore. Shields.wbdg. Daisey et al. The European Collaborative Action has additionally developed a list of 65 target compounds to be minimally included in studies of indoor air quality. and storage duration. Air samples shall be collected and analyzed for total VOCs (TVOC). The history of the specimen of each workstation component. b. Additionally. Hodgson. The list is presented in a report entitled Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC) in Indoor Air Quality Investigations (European Commission. 5 d/wk operation. compounds on the target list shown in Appendix A shall be quantified. total hours of the week). 1994).6 Systems Furniture . http://fedgreenspecs. the equation looks like this: VOCadj = (VOCch x Vch) / Vws. the assumed volumetric density of workstations is 33 m3 per workstation for the 8 ft x 8 ft workstation. This is based on 11 hours/day. Calculating Adjusted VOC Concentration from Large Chamber Emission Tests: Chamber emission test results shall be expressed as adjusted concentrations calculated as follows: Adjusted VOC concentration = Chamber VOC concentration x Volume of chamber Volume per workstation Written in symbols. Fleisher. the Vws used in the calculation shall be 33 m3 for the 8 ft x 8 ft workstation. Where: VOCadj = the adjusted VOC concentration VOCch = VOC concentration in the chamber as measured in the test Vch – Enclosed volume of the test chamber Vws = The assumed building volume per workstation Unless otherwise indicated. storage conditions. 1997). This list is attached as Appendix A and is incorporated as the minimal list of target compounds for this specification. individual VOCs and aldehydes. 1999. If identified in a sample.org 11/02/05 12700 . 1996. Data Analysis and Test Report: Data analysis and reporting shall be performed according to ASTM D5116 and as follows: a.

wbdg. Green building rating systems often include credit for materials of recycled content and may distinguish allowable credit for post-consumer and post-industrial (or pre-consumer) recycled content.2 grants one credit to a project for using materials with recycled content such that the sum of post-consumer recycled content plus one-half of the post-industrial content constitutes at least 10 percent of the total value of the materials in the project. Recycled content is typically determined by calculating the weight of the recycled material divided by the total weight of the product and expressed as a percentage by weight.7 Systems Furniture . MAINTENANCE A. factors 100 percent of post-consumer recycled content but only 50 percent of pre-consumer (post-industrial) recycled content into calculations for its recycled content materials credit. LEED v2. Service shall not landfill or burn reclaimed materials. It grants an additional point for 20% (post-consumer + 1/2 post-industrial).Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers e. Service shall reclaim materials for recycling and/or reuse. Metal: SPECIFIER NOTE: US-EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) recommends office furniture fabricated from 16 percent post-consumer content for steel. for example. As an alternative to meeting the requirement for testing the entire workstation. PART 2 Maximum Allowable Adjusted Concentrations for Seven Chemical Classes of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Indoor Air: Operational Service: Provide manufacturer’s [maintenance agreement] [take-back program] [green lease] service for system furniture installed in project. 1. PRODUCTS MATERIALS A. (The recycled content “value” of a http://fedgreenspecs. USGBCLEED™ v2. Green Globes US also provides points for reused building materials and components and for building materials with recycled content. 10% (post-consumer + 1/2 post-industrial). and 100 percent post-consumer content for PET fabric. 75-100 percent recovered materials content for aluminum.4 2.1 Individual Fabric Tests: Where multiple fabric options are offered as alternates. fabrics that are significantly distinct from a chemical perspective from that tested with the complete workstation shall be tested. 70-75 percent post-consumer content for HDPE plastic. 2.2. alternate fabrics may be tested separately in accordance with ASTM D5116. 1.org 11/02/05 12700 . The results of each fabric emission test will be evaluated using a maximum emission limit for any specific chemical of 10 micrograms per square meter per hour (g/m2 h-1). 80100 percent recovered materials content for particleboard/fiberboard. B.

b. Wood: 1. diesel fuel additives. 3. 2002 Draft of the USDA Biobased Products – Definitions and Descriptions. and moth treatment. penetrating lubricants.usda.org 11/02/05 12700 .biobased. water tank coatings. composite board: 70 percent. bed linens and towels. This is the first of a series of rules that will be issued designating biobased items. 2. 1. [South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1168] [Bay Area AQMD Reg. Plastic: As specified in Section 06600. Refer to 7 CFR Part 2902. fireresistant treatment. The requirements for purchasing biobased items apply to those items directly purchased by the federal agency. Linoleum: As specified in Section 09654. compost: 100 percent. Rule 51 for containers larger than 16 oz and with California Air http://fedgreenspecs. GS-36 for Commercial Adhesive. minimum biobased content per item category might be defined as follows: construction materials: 85 percent. As of March 16. Toxicity/IEQ: Comply with applicable regulations regarding toxic and hazardous materials. Adhesives: Water-resistant. so the contractor is not required to use biobased hydraulic fluids. biobased roof coatings. 2. Field applied: a. The USDA currently has identified about 150 items for which it is collecting test data needed for the additional designations of items that will extend preferred procurement status to include all qualifying biobased products. 8. Toxicity/IEQ: Chemical treatments. aluminum: Minimum [75] [xxxx] percent recycled content. B.] [not permitted. Designation of Biobased Items for Federal Procurement. Paints and coatings: 1. bedding. . The Office of the Federal Environmental Executive (OFEE) recommends that agencies encourage the use of these items. which are generic groupings of biobased products. Recycled Content: a. adhesives: 80 percent. Fabric: SPECIFIER NOTE: According to the June 7. 1. Under a construction contract. For current designations under the Federal Biobased Products Preferred Procurement Program (FB4P). G. 2006. Final Rule.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers product as assessed under LEED is determined by multiplying the recycled content percentage and the cost of the product. refer to www. furniture: can be designated as biobased products if 90 percent of all of the adhesives used in the production are biobased adhesives. are [permitted with written approval from the Owner. Recycled Content: Minimum 100 percent post-consumer recycled [PET] content. Biobased Content: Minimum [85] [95] [xxxx] percent biobased material.wbdg.oce. Sheathing as specified in Section 06160.) Verify with manufacturer for product availability and recycled content. F. however. The items are: mobile equipment hydraulic fluids. Factory applied: 2.gov. the contractor's use of hydraulic fluid in its bulldozers and backhoes is incidental to the purpose of its contract. Field applied: As specified in Section 09900.. landscaping materials: 100 percent.] E. 1. C. including wrinkle-resistant treatment. Lumber as specified in Section 06100. D. the Federal Register includes the final rule designating the first six items. Factory applied: 2. steel: Minimum 16 percent post-consumer recycled content.8 Systems Furniture . and.

000 hours PART 3 . provide built in reflector. High frequency electronic ballast f. dry. Compact fluorescent lighting systems: a.wbdg. B. B. Minimum power factor of 97 percent d. Biobased Content: Minimum [90] [xxxx] percent biobased adhesive material. Option of common Color Temperature lamps (CCT) (27000 K through 41000 K) c. Provide fixtures and lamps as specified in Section 16500 and as follows: 1.000 hours 2. Maximum Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of 20 percent] percent g.EXECUTION 3. Minimum Color Rendering Index (CRI) of 75 b. Minimum system efficacy of 76 lumens per watt e. well-ventilated space free from strong contaminant sources and residues. 2. table clamps or weighted table base options as appropriate for selected furniture systems and occupant needs. 2. Minimum lamp life of 10. Provide a temperature range of 60 degrees F minimum to 90 degree F maximum continuously for minimum 72 hours. Work Station Task Lighting: [Provide adjustable arm task lights equipped with linear.9 Systems Furniture . Toxicity/IEQ: Provide light colored furniture and panel fabric with a minimum reflectivity of 40 percent.] Provide under-shelf task lights equipped with linear or compact fluorescent lamp technology and with a shielding device that prevents direct glare into an occupant’s eyes when the occupant is in a typical working posture. Minimum system efficacy of 50 lumens per watt e. Ventilate products prior to installation. circular. Energy Efficiency: Verify equipment is properly installed. fully articulated and balanced head and arms.org 11/02/05 12700 . Maximum Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of 20 percent g. Final cleaning: As specified in Section 01740 – Cleaning. Minimum Color Rendering Index (CRI) of 75 b. provide built in reflector. and as specified. provide cord set for plug in. 2. Verify that equipment is operating as specified. Coordinate with manufacturer for [maintenance agreement] [take-back program] [green lease]. and adjusted. Resource Management: 1. provide adjustable. Electronic ballast f. Option of common Color Temperature lamps (CCT) (27000 K through 41000 K) c.X SITE ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES A. Linear fluorescent lighting systems: a. END OF SECTION http://fedgreenspecs. Temporary ventilation: Provide temporary ventilation during work of this Section. connected. or compact fluorescent lamp technology. provide wall bracket. Do not ventilate within limits of Work unless otherwise approved by Architect.2 FABRICATED SYSTEMS A.Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers Resources Board (CARB) for containers 16 oz or less]. Remove from packaging and ventilate in a secure. Indoor Air Quality: 1. a. Minimum power factor of 97 percent d. panel bracket. Minimum lamp life of 15. 2. Furniture System: 1.

Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers Appendix A Minimum number of compounds to be included in TVOC analysis http://fedgreenspecs.org 11/02/05 12700 .wbdg.10 Systems Furniture .

wbdg.11 Systems Furniture .org 11/02/05 12700 .Whole Building Design Guide Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers http://fedgreenspecs.