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ABSTRACT

The green engine is one of the most interesting discoveries of the new
millennium. It has got some unique features that were used for the first time in
the making of engines. This engine is a piston less one with features like
sequential variable compression ratio, direct air intake, direct fuel injection,
multi-fuel usage etc. The efficiency of this engine is high when compared to the
contemporary engines and also the exhaust emissions are near zero.

The

significance of the engine lies in the efficiency when the present world
conditions of limited resources of energy are considered. Prototypes of the
engine have been developed. Generators have been produced with the green
engine.

ABSTRACT
Homogenous charge Combustion ignition (HCCI) engines are being considered
as an alternative to diesel engines. The HCCI concept involves premixing fuel
and air prior to induction in to the cylinder (as is done in current spark- ignition
engine) then igniting the fuel air mixture through the compression process (as
is done in current diesel engines) As per the report of united state congress
(2005), The HCCI engines might be commercialized in light duty vehicles by
2012 and by 2015 as much as half million barrels of oil per day may be saved.
Because of the need of reduce worldwide fuel consumption, greenhouse gas
emissions, there is strong interest in HCCI worldwide. This paper describes the
results & operation of a single cylinder KOEL engine in HCCI mode. This
experiment represents the first step towards the development of engine based on
HCCI concept.

ABSTRACT
The use of an electrical narrow tilting car instead of a large gasoline car should
dramatically decrease traffic congestion, pollution and parking problem. This is
the reason why most car companies are producing narrow track electrical car
prototypes. These narrow track cars have an increased rolling tendency.
In our project work we have tried to develop a tilting mechanism for a narrow
track car to give it the flexibility of a motor cycle. This feature enables the car
to tilt in to the curve while negotiating it.
Our analysis shows that to increase the maximum curve at speed by more than
50%. The detailed calculations are enclosed within. The method we have used is
a simple mechanical tilting system controlled by a simple DC stepper motor
which is controlled electronically.
This tilting mechanism if successful should dramatically increase the maximum
speed in curves. This should also provide the advantages of increased passenger
comfort and handling.
The idea is to develop a tilting car of narrow track that seats two people in
tandem. This can be operated on reduced lanes thereby increasing the effective
capacity of highways.

ABSTRACT
Robots make our work lighter, but we have made the robots lighter. Industrial
robots, which are

heavy moving bodies, show high risk of damage when

working and also sessions in dense environment of other robots. This initiated
the allure for lighter robot constructions using soft arms. This paper reports on
the design of a biorobotic actuator. Data from several vertebrate species (rat,
frog, cat, and human) are used to evaluate the performance of a McKibben
pneumatic actuator. Soft arms create powerful, compact, compliance and light
robotic arms and consist of pneumatic actuators like McKibben muscles.
Currently there are some trajectory problems in McKibben muscles, which
restrict its application. This paper presents solutions to certain problems in the
McKibben muscles

by the use of Electro Active Polymers (EAP). The main

attractive characteristic of EAP is their operational similarity to biological


muscles, particularly their resilience and ability to induce large actuation strains.
Electro Active Polymers (EAP) as sensors, which simplify a robotic finger
models by acting like an actuator (sensor cum actuator). Ion-exchange Polymer
Metal Composite (IPMC), one of the EAPs, has been selected by us ahead of its
alternatives like shaper memory alloys and electro active ceramics and the reason
for its selection is also discussed in this paper.
We devise a unique model to eliminate trajectory errors by placing

EAP

stripes in robots joints, which can also be applied to current (heavy) robots
actuated

by motors. This paper would obliterate all the difficulties currently

present in McKibben muscles system, which currently restricts its application.


Adroit use of the solutions provided in this paper would abet researchers to
produce highly efficient artificial muscles system. We give the idea of an
artificial muscle system which consume less energy & oxygen than a natural
one. Therefore we discuss the worlds most energy efficient robot with our
innovative idea.