UNCLASSIFIED

OFFICE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE
(U) WORLDWIDE: Worldwide Threat to Shipping (WTS) Report
29 November - 28 December 2016
29 December 2016

(U) Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

(U) Scope Note
(U) Warnings and Advisories
(U) Summary
(U) Counter-Piracy and Maritime Crime Announcements and Advisories
(U) Details: Monthly Incidents by Region
(U) Appendix A: Further Contact Information and Resources
(U) Appendix B: Terminology and References

1. (U) Scope Note
1. (U) The Worldwide Threat to Shipping (WTS) message provides info on piracy threats to, and criminal action
against, merchant vessels and the shipping industry worldwide in the last 30 days. This report is produced primarily
to inform merchant mariners and naval forces.

2. (U) Warnings and Advisories
1. (U) MARAD Advisory 2016-04 – 22 Nov 2016: U.S.-flag vessels are advised to remain vigilant when transiting
the Sulu and Celebes Seas in light of recent boardings and kidnappings that have taken place between Sabah,
Malaysia and the southern Philippines. There have been 13 reported kidnappings in this area this year, of which at
least nine were reportedly linked to the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG). Previously when crewmember kidnappings took
place in this area, only towing and fishing vessels were targeted. However, since October 2016, ASG has
reportedly targeted two large commercial vessels and a private yacht. The level of violence has been high during
some of these attacks, as was demonstrated on November 7, 2016, when kidnappers boarded a yacht, killed one
female crewmember, and kidnapped the remaining crewmember. For additional information see:
https://www.marad.dot.gov/newsroom/advisory/2016/marad-advisory-2016-04-vessel-guidance-for-the-sulu-andcelebes-seas-pendingdraftworkflow/
2. (U) ReCAAP ALERT – 21 Nov 2016: The ReCAAP ISC is deeply concerned about the situation of abduction
of crew from ships while underway in the Sulu-Celebes Sea and eastern Sabah region. Since March 2016, there
have been 11 incidents with nine actual incidents and two attempted incidents occurred in the area. Most of the
incidents are claimed by the terrorist group of the Philippines Abu Sayyaf Group. 44 crew were abducted and 11
crew among them are still in captive. Since October 2016, the perpetrators have begun to target ships of larger
tonnage (DONG BANG GIANT 2, ROYAL 16, SOUTHERN FALCON and KUMIAI SHAGANG). The latest
attempted incidents of SOUTHERN FALCON and KUMIAI SHAGANG show the vigilance of the crew and effective
activation of anti-piracy measures had successfully prevented boarding by the perpetrators. The ReCAAP ISC
reiterates its advisory to all ships to re-route from the area, where possible. Otherwise, ship masters and crew are
strongly urged to exercise extra vigilance while transiting the area and report immediately to the following centers:

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(U) A. Operation Centre in the Philippine Coast Guard District Southwestern Mindanao for monitoring and
immediate responses in any eventualities. (Sat phones: +63 929686 4129/+63 916626 0689, VHF:
Channel 16 with call-sign "ENVY", Email: hcgdswm@yahoo.com)
(U) B. Eastern Sabah Security Command (ESSCOM) when transiting nearer to eastern Sabah. (Tel: +60
89863181/016, Fax: +60 89863182, VHF: Channel 16 with call-sign “ESSCOM”, Email:
bilikgerakanesscom@jpm.gov.my)
(U) For additional information see: http://www.recaap.org/mwginternal/gj4f982jd95g4/progress?id=CxTHpGB3il0OE-IUlD_h7qbueby54Ui94BNu9494Rbg,&dl
3. (U) IMB ADVISORY – 11 Nov 2016: All ships transiting Celebes Sea / Sulu Sea / off Zamboanga and
Moro Gulf / off Mindanao Island. On 10 November 2016 at 2031 UTC in position 06:40.45N - 122:29.45E, 10 nm
north-northeast of Basilan Island, Philippines. A merchant vessel was attacked and boarded by pirates. Six crew
members were kidnapped and one crew injured. This is the second merchant vessel to be attacked and crew
kidnapped in this area. Vessels are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watch and exercise extreme caution and
keep clear of the position given in this report and maintain maximum CPA with any vessel acting suspiciously. All
attacks and suspicious sightings should be reported. IMB Piracy Reporting Centre 24 hours anti-piracy helpline
+603 2031 0014, fax: +603 2078 5769, Email: imbkl@icc-ccs.org <mailto:imbkl@icc-ccs.org> // piracy@icc-ccs.org
4. (U) NGA Special Warning 134 – 3 Oct 2016: Commercial vessels in the region of the Red Sea, Bab el Mandeb
Strait, and the Gulf of Aden should operate under a heightened state of alert as increasing tensions in the region
escalate the potential for direct or collateral damage to vessels transiting the region. These threats may come from
a variety of different sources such as missiles, projectiles or waterborne improvised explosive devices. Huthi rebels
claimed responsibility for a 1 October attack on a UAE vessel. Vessels in the region should report hostile activities
immediately and contact coalition naval forces via VHF bridge to bridge radio. Email: catleader@me.navy.mil,
phone: 973 1785 3879.

3. (U) Summary
A. (U) CHINA: On 28 December, Chinese officials reported to have seized over 3.4 tons of illegally trafficked
Pangolin scales from a port in Shanghai, according to state media.
B. (U) CAMBODIA: On 22 December, Cambodian customs officials seized 1.3 tons of African elephant tusks in
addition to dozens of cheetah skulls, animal bones and Pangolin scales.

4. (U) Counter-Piracy and Maritime Crime Announcements and Advisories
A. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Government of Japan convoy schedule for December 2016, and January and February
2017. To apply for JMSDF escort, visit http://www.mlit.go.jp/en/maritime/maritime_fr2_000000.html, please contact
directly the Anti-Piracy Contact and Coordination Office, Maritime Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism (MILT), Japan: Tel: +81-3-5253-8932; Fax: +81-3-5253-1643. Email: INFOPIRACY@mlit.go.jp. (MSCHOA)
B. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Korean Navy convoy schedule for December 2016 and January 2017. All merchant
vessels wishing to join the convoy group must submit their application forms directly to the ROK naval warship
carrying out the mission. The ROK MTG can be reached directly at INMARSAT: 1-203-346-7633. Email:
bluegun21@navy.mil.kr. (MSCHOA)
C. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Chinese Navy convoy schedule for December 2016, and January and February 2017. For
further information, please e-mail planavy@navy.mil.cn, or call Tel: 00870 773 120 807; or 441 221 894.
(MSCHOA)
D. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Indian Navy convoy escort schedule for December 2016, and January and February 2017.
To register, email dgcommcentre-dgs@nic.in; or visit www.dgshipping.com. Telephone numbers for contact are:
91-22-22614646 or fax at 91-22-22613636. (MSCHOA)
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5. (U) Details: Monthly Incidents by Region
(U) This section lists reports of active violence against shipping, credible threats to shipping, or the potential for a
situation to develop into a direct threat to shipping over the last 30 days. Every effort is made to ensure that
incidents are not double-counted. In the event double-counting is detected, or an incident is later learned to be
different than initially reported, an explanation of the cancellation of the inaccurate report will be made in at least
one message prior to dropping the erroneous report.
A.

(U) NORTH AMERICA: No current incidents to report.

B. (U) CENTRAL AMERICA - CARIBBEAN - SOUTH AMERICA:
1. (U) BRAZIL: On 5 December, Brazilian authorities in the port of Santos, found 225 kilograms of cocaine in a
shipping container carrying a consignment of chocolates aboard CAP SAN LORENZO. The ship’s next port of call
was Rotterdam and the ship has been detained for an investigation. (www.fleetmon.com)
C. (U) ATLANTIC OCEAN AREA: No current incidents to report.
D. (U) NORTHERN EUROPE - BALTIC: No current incidents to report.
E.

(U) MEDITERRANEAN - BLACK SEA: No current incidents to report.

F.

(U) WEST AFRICA

1. (U) NIGERIA: On 15 December, eight robbers in a skiff approached and attempted to board an anchored tanker
using a long ladder, near position 04:21N - 008:26E, Qua Iboe Anchorage. Upon noticing the robbers, the duty
officer raised the alarm and mustered the crew. The Master requested immediate assistance from the local Naval
Security patrol boat. Upon seeing the approaching patrol boat, the robbers aborted their boarding attempt and
moved away. (IMB)
2. (U) NIGERIA: On 12 December, three robbers in a small speed boat attempted to board an anchored product
tanker using ropes, near position 06:18N - 003:21E, Lagos Anchorage. The crew raised the alarm and mustered
in the accommodation area. The armed embarked security team fired warning shots resulting in the robbers moving
away. Local authorities were informed. (IMB)
3. (U) NIGERIA: On 13 December, bandits attacked the offshore supply vessel CHILOSCO near position 03:45N 006:10E, 29 nm south of Brass. (www.fleetmon.com)
4. (U) NIGERIA: On 10 December, suspected pirates in a speedboat attempted to board the product tanker
SOCHIMA approximately 40 nm south of Brass, Nigeria. The Nigerian Navy security team aboard on the product
tanker prevented the pirates from boarding. The Master of the SOCHIMA reported the incident to the local
authorities. (www.maritimeherald.com)
5. (U) ANGOLA: On 1 December, two robbers boarded an anchored product tanker near position 08:44S 013:17E, Luanda Anchorage. Alarm was raised and crew was mustered. Seeing the crew’s alertness, the robbers
escaped with stolen ship’s properties. (IMB)
G.

(U) ARABIAN GULF: No current incidents to report.

H. (U) INDIAN OCEAN - EAST AFRICA:
1. (U) SOMALIA: On 11 December, a suicide truck-borne bomb detonated in the port of Mogadishu, killing at least
29 persons. The militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility. (www.fleetmon.com)

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I.

(U) EAST ASIA - SOUTHEAST ASIA - INDIAN SUBCONTINENT:

Figure 1. Southeast Asia - Indian Subcontinent
Piracy and Maritime Crime
1. (U) CAMBODIA: On 22 December, Cambodian customs officials seized 1.3 tons of African elephant tusks in
addition to dozens of cheetah skulls, animal bones, and pangolin scales. The animal parts were found in
containers on a ship at the Kandal port. The vessel was en route from Mozambique to China. (Mysarawak.org)
2. (U) BANGLADESH: On 20 December, ten robbers boarded a passenger vessel and robbed the passengers of
jewelry and other valuables in the Katakhal River near Elongjuri Union. During the attack, one passenger was
injured by gunfire and another is missing and believed to have fallen into the river and drowned.
(www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com)
3. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 20 December, suspected Abu Sayyaf militants kidnapped four fishermen from the fishing
boat RAMONA 2 in the Celebes Sea, in the area where other Abu Sayyaf-related kidnappings have occurred.
(www.abcnews.go.com)
4. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 15 December, Philippines Customs authorities arrested the petroleum tankers MT ALPINE
MAGNOLIA and MT MALOLOS in the port of Bataan on suspicion of fuel smuggling. The ships were carrying a
combined total of 45,000 tons of fuel and were conducting an unlawful fuel transfer. (www.thestandard.com.ph)
5. (U) MALAYSIA: On 13 December, the Sarawak Customs Department seized 1,106 master cases of cigarettes
and 5,800 cartons of beer during an operation at the Senari Port. The State Customs director said the commodities
were found in three containers in the Customs and Examination area at the port. An initial investigation showed that
all the three containers arrived from Singapore and was imported by a company that does not exist. The manifest
says that the containers were supposed to be carrying jewelry, clothing, bags, pencils and shoes. (www.the
borneopost.com)
6. (U) INDONESIA: On 8 December, three robbers boarded an anchored bulk carrier near position 00:17S 117:39E, Muara Berau Anchorage, Samarinda. Alarm was raised and crew was mustered. Seeing the crew’s
alertness, the robbers escaped with stolen ship’s stores. Port control informed. Authorities boarded the ship for
investigation. (IMB)

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7. (U) INDONESIA: On 30 November, four robbers armed with knives boarded an LPG Tanker, anchored near
position 07:46S - 109:04E, Cilacap Anchorage. They took hostage a duty crewman and forced him to guide them
into the engine room. The robbers then took the duty oiler hostage and threatened them with a knife. The robbers
stole engine spares and escaped. The hostage crew later raised the alarm. Incident reported to the local agents
and authorities. (IMB)
8. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 8 December, three persons in a blue and white speed boat approached an underway bulk
carrier near position 05:29N - 119:38E, 17 nm south of Pearl Bank. Master sounded the ship's whistle continuously,
made an announcement on the PA system, increased speed, commenced evasive maneuvers, and activated the
fire hoses. Seeing the alerted crew and the hardening measures taken by the ship, the speed boat moved away.
(IMB)
9. (U) MALAYSIA: On 8 December, security forces shot and killed three gunmen in a firefight during a kidnapping
attempt in Darvel Bay. A police spokesman confirmed that there was a shootout between security forces and the
armed group, and that one policeman was injured. It is believed that the criminals were trying to abduct a fisherman
when police intervened. (www.thestar.com.my)
10. (U) INDONESIA: On 7 December, a duty crewman on routine rounds onboard a bulk carrier, anchored near
position 00:14.39S - 117:35.09E, Muara Berau Anchorage, Samarinda, noticed the skylight of forecastle store
room open and the cover of the anchor chain removed. He also saw two robbers in a small boat leaving the vessel.
The duty crewman immediately informed the duty officer who raised the alarm and mustered the crew. Upon
inspection, it was found that ship’s stores were stolen. Incident reported to the local authorities through the local
agents. (IMB)
11. (U) VIETNAM: On 6 December, the tanker SWIFT was arrested by Vietnam Coast Guard personnel on
suspicion of fuel smuggling. The vessel was reportedly carrying 4,348 tons of gasoline and did not have the proper
documentation for the cargo. The ship and crew were taken to the port of Xuan Dai Bay for further investigation.
(www.fleetmon.com)
12. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 5 December, three Indonesian fishermen were kidnapped near the Philippine island of
Labuan. All three fishermen were reportedly released unhurt the following day, and it is believed that the owner of
the Sandakan-based trawler or agents of the trawler's owner crossed the border to negotiate the immediate release
of the three crewmen and the boat. Local authorities indicated that the three Indonesian crewmen were held by
unidentified gunmen because they were reportedly poaching within Philippine waters. (www.thestar.com.my)
13. (U) INDONESIA: On 2 December, crewmen onboard a heavy lift vessel anchored near position 01:05N 104:10E, Kabil Anchorage, Palau Batam, discovered robbers boarding the ship. Duty officer raised the alarm, made
the PA announcement and crew was mustered. Seeing the crew’s alertness, the robbers escaped without stealing
anything. Incident reported to local authorities and port control. Authorities boarded the ship for investigation. (IMB)
14. (U) INDONESIA: On 1 December, duty crewman on routine rounds onboard an anchored general cargo ship
noticed three robbers on the forecastle deck, near position 03:40S - 114:27E, Banjaramasin Anchorage. Duty
officer raised the alarm and crew was mustered. Seeing the alerted crew, the robbers escaped via the hawse
pipe. Port authority informed. (IMB)

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J. (U) NORTHEAST ASIA:

.
Figure 2. Northeast Asia
Piracy and Maritime Crime
1. (U) CHINA: On 28 December, Chinese officials seized over 3.4 tons of illegally trafficked Pangolin scales from a
port in Shanghai, according to Chinese state media. All species of the mammal are facing extinction and
commercial trade of them is banned. (NPR)
2. (U) TAIWAN: On 5 December, Taiwan investigators in Koahsiung seized more than 200 kilograms of cocaine
and over 50 kilograms of amphetamine that were packed inside car batteries imported from Brazil. It is alleged to
be the biggest bust in Taiwanese history. (Focus Taiwan)
K. (U) PACIFIC OCEAN - SOUTHERN OCEAN: No current incidents to report.

6. (U) Appendix A: Further Contact Information and Resources
(U) This appendix provides contact information for the author of the WTS as well as other entities that can be
contacted with maritime crime reports. It also lists other resources where the WTS is posted and where piracy and
maritime crime incident information can be found.
(U) Contact
(U) Originator of this WTS report requests consumer feedback. Originator will incorporate all anti-shipping events
and violence against the maritime industry into this weekly message where appropriate. To aid in our reporting,
please add the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) to your normal corporate and organizational reporting
requirements. The 24-hour watch can be reached at +1 (301) 669-4053.

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(U) Other Resources
(U) This Worldwide Threat to Shipping Report is posted at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Maritime
Safety site: http://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal. The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) also publishes a live
piracy report based on reporting from the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, listing all piracy
and armed robbery incidents in the last ten days: http://www.icc-ccs.org/. The PAWW and WTS Reports are posted
weekly on the ONI Intel Portal: http://www.oni.navy.mil/Intelligence_Community/piracy.htm.

7. (U) Appendix B: Terminology and References
(U) This appendix is provided to promote consistent use of accurate terms of reference in reporting and also
identifies those references that were used to gather the information contained in this report. ONI welcomes
comment and suggestions for addition or amendment.
(U) Terminology
(U) In order to promote consistent use of accurate terms of reference, the following have been adopted to describe
the range of criminal anti-shipping activity and impediments to safe navigation in our worldwide reporting and
analysis. Please note that these terms relate to observable activity and are independent of target vessel status and
exclude actions by governmental powers in lawful pursuit of their authorities:

(U) Attempted Boarding – Close approach or hull-to-hull contact with report that boarding paraphernalia were
employed or visible in the approaching boat.

(U) Blocking – Hampering safe navigation, docking, or undocking of a vessel as a means of protest.

(U) Boarding – Unauthorized boarding of a vessel by persons not part of its complement without successfully
taking control of the vessel.

(U) Fired Upon – Weapons discharged at or toward a vessel.

(U) Hijacking – Unauthorized seizure and retention of a vessel by persons not part of its complement.

(U) Kidnapping – Unauthorized forcible removal of persons belonging to the vessel from it.

(U) Robbery – Theft from a vessel or from persons aboard the vessel.

(U) Suspicious Approach – All other unexplained activity in close proximity of an unknown vessel.

(U) Sourcing
(U) ONI derives information in this report from direct reporting and analysis of reports from the following agencies
and commercial sources.










Agence France Presse (AFP)
Associated Press (AP)
Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO), Denmark
BBC News
EU Naval Forces (EU)
Fairplay (FP), London
Informa Group (INFO), formerly LLP, Llp Limited, London
International Maritime Bureau (IMB), London and Kuala Lumpur
International Maritime Organization (IMO), London
gCaptain
Latitude38.com (LAT) website
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Lloyd's List (LL), daily, London
Local Media (LM)
LSS-SAPU.com (LSS)
Maritime Administration (MARAD), U.S.
The Maritime Executive (website)
Maritime Security Centre - Horn of Africa (MSCHOA)
Maritime Security Council (MSC), U.S.
Marine Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG)
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), Navigation Safety System
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Brussels
Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) (analysis and comment)
Operator (owner or operator of affected vessel)
Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC)
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia,
Information Sharing Center (ReCAAP ISC)
Reuters
Royal Australian Navy (RAN)
Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN)
Seafarers’ Assistance Program (SAP), Kenya
Tradewinds (TW)
United Kingdom Maritime Trade Organization (UKMTO)
United Press International (UPI)
U.S. Maritime Liaison Office (MARLO) Bahrain
U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

(U) ICOD: 28 December 2016
(U) The PAWW and WTS Reports are posted each week on the ONI Intel Portal and can be found at:
http://www.oni.navy.mil/Intelligence-Community/Piracy

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