Paraguay

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Map of Paraguay

Republic of Paraguay
President: Horacio Cartes (2013)
Land area: 153,398 sq mi (397,301 sq km); total area: 157,046 sq mi (406,750 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 6,703,860 (growth rate: 1.19%); birth rate: 16.66/1000; infant mortality rate:
20.75/1000; life expectancy: 76.8; density per sq mi: 39
Capital and largest city (2011 est.):Asunción, 2.139 million
Other large cities: Ciudad del Este, 320,782; San Lorenzo, 271,064
Monetary unit: Guaraní
More Facts & Figures

Index
1. Paraguay Main Page
2. Paraguay Experiences Largest Economic Growth in South America
3. Senate Votes to Remove President Lugo
4. 2013 Elections Return Power to Colorado Party

Geography
California-size Paraguay is surrounded by Brazil, Bolivia, and Argentina in south-central South America.
Eastern Paraguay, between the Paraná and Paraguay rivers, is upland country with the thickest
population settled on the grassy slope that inclines toward the Paraguay River. The greater part of the
Chaco region to the west is covered with marshes, lagoons, dense forests, and jungles.

Government
Constitutional republic.
History
Indians speaking Guaraní—the most common language in Paraguay today, after Spanish—were the
country's first inhabitants. In 1526 and again in 1529, Sebastian Cabot explored Paraguay when he sailed
up the Paraná and Paraguay rivers. From 1608 until their expulsion from the Spanish dominions in 1767,
the Jesuits maintained an extensive establishment in the south and east of Paraguay. In 1811, Paraguay
revolted against Spanish rule and became a nominal republic under two consuls.
Paraguay was governed by three dictators during the first 60 years of independence. The third, Francisco
López, waged war against Uruguay, Brazil, and Argentina in 1865–1870, a conflict in which half the male
population was killed. A new constitution in 1870, designed to prevent dictatorships and internal strife,
failed to do so, and not until 1912 did a period of comparative economic and political stability begin. The
Chaco War (1932–1935) with Bolivia won Paraguay more western territory.
After World War II, politics became particularly unstable. Alfredo Stroessner was dictator from 1954 until
1989, during which he was accused of the torture and murder of thousands of political opponents. Despite
Paraguay's human rights record, the U.S. continuously supported Stroessner.
Stroessner was overthrown by army leader Gen. Andres Rodriguez in 1989. Rodriguez went on to win
Paraguay's first multicandidate election in decades. Paraguay's new constitution went into effect in 1992.
In 1993, Juan Carlos Wasmosy, a wealthy businessman and the candidate of the governing Colorado
Party, won a five-year term in free elections.
Raúl Cubas Grau was elected president in May 1998. In 1999, Cubas was forced from office for his
alleged involvement in the assassination of Vice President Luis María Argaña. The vice president had
criticized Cubas for refusing to jail his mentor, Gen. Lino Oviedo, who had been convicted of leading a
failed 1996 coup against Wasmosy. Oviedo was finally arrested in 2004 and jailed.
Luis Ángel González Macchi, appointed caretaker president after Cubas stepped down, was accused of
mishandling $16 million in state funds, and in 2006 he was sentenced to six years in prison. Former
journalist Nicanor Duarte Frutos became president on Aug. 15, 2003. He has pledged to clean up the
pervasive corruption in his nearly bankrupt country. Paraguay has been in a protracted recession since
the late 1990s.
On April 22, 2008, Fernando Lugo, a former Roman Catholic Bishop, was elected president of Paraguay
beating the Colorado Party's candidate, Blanca Ovelar de Duarte, by 10 percentage points. Lugo's victory
ended the Colorado Party's 61 years in power—a system of bureaucracy and patronage founded in 1887.
Fernando Lugo was sworn in as president on Aug. 15, 2008.

Major tourist attractions in Paraguay include Ciudad del Este, Cerro Cora National Park, Itaipu
Dam, Iguazu Fall, Filadelfia, Ybycui National Park, Jesus and Trinidad Jesuit Ruins and the
country's capital city of Asuncion. Paraguay is famed for its natural beauty, enchanting culture
and rich history.
Casa de la Independencia: One of the major attractions of Paraguay, Casa de la is a
historical monument built in the year 1774. It reminds the tourists of the struggle of
Paraguayan independence.
In English Casa de la Independencia is translated as 'The House of Independence'. This
house captures the hearts of the tourists not solely for its architectural supremacy, but

also for its historical significance. It was from this house, that the Paraguayans started
the revolt against the Spaniards. Thus, Casa de la Independencia is regarded as the
birthplace of the independence of Paraguay. In each corner of the building, there are the
marks of the revolutionaries. The brick floors and the whitewashed walls have been the
interest of many modern architects.
A museum has been set up within the building of Casa de la Independencia. The tourists
can enjoy the magnificent sight of this historical building and museum without paying
any charge. It remains open from 7a.m. to 6:30 p.m. on weekdays, while on Saturday it
is open from 8a.m. to noon.
Casa de los Diputados is one of the prime attractions of Paraguay located in the
capital city, Asuncion. Initially a military college, the building now serves as the cultural
center.
Casa de los Diputados of Paraguay also served as a blood bank during the Chaco war.
The building has been built in a typical Spanish style of architecture. Casa de los
Diputados at Paraguay has now a number of offices of the members of the Congress. A
traveler is not required to pay any entry fee. Casa de los Diputados is open to the
visitors from Monday to Friday between 7:30 to 12 noon. On weekends it is open from 8
in the morning till 12 noon.
Iguazu Falls: One of the magnificent destinations of Paraguay, the Iguassu Falls is
designated a UNESCO World Natural Heritage site. Located at the border of three
countries Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina, the massive pouring of the falls against the
lush green forests are a treat to the eyes of the spectator. The volume of water that
pours every second from Iguassu Falls is nearly 1500 cubic meters. The deafening
sound that gushes forth the waves splashing against the rocks leaves the traveller
awestruck. The beauty of the place is a bliss to watch and has led many film producers
to shoot movies with the Iguazu Falls as the backdrop.
Panteon Nacional de los Heroes is a must visit place for the tourists. It is a plaza where
tourists can explore the cultural roots and societal norms of Paraguay. The tourists can
find a handful of relics from this very mall of Panteon Nacional de los Heroes.
With the rise of the sun, the plaza gets filled up with the Guarani vendors. These
vendors open their stalls in the early morning only to close theirs at the setting of the
sun. Their stalls are full of the Paraguayan traditional items of art like bows and arrows,
headdresses, pottery and many others. There are also a big number of hawkers, who
hawk for their variety of items ranging from miracle knife sharpeners to herbal
medicines. The public holidays turn out to be livelier in the Panteon Nacional de los
Heroes. There is a big display of folk-dance performers and live music during these
days.
La Santisima Trinidad de Parana popularly known as the Holy Trinity of Parana is another
interesting attraction in Paraguay. The place was one of the small colonies that the
missionaries established in different locations of South America. The locals frequently
refer to this site as the 'ruins of Trinidad'. This lies close to the Parana River that
surrounds southern Paraguay and Argentina.

La Santisima Trinidad de Parana has the reputation of being the UNESCO World Heritage
Site. After the decline of the influence of the Jesuits at a point of time, the place was
neglected which resulted in it losing its charm and magnificence. Nevertheless, in the
coming years, the modern historical societies have maintained the site well and today it
stands as one of the prime tourist attractions in Paraguay.
The other major destinations in Paraguay include San Bernardino, Aregua, San Lorenzo
Museo Etnografico Guido Bogiani, Encarnacion, Nueva Australia, Pilar, and Centro
Cultural de Artes Visuales Museo del Barro.
The capital city, Asuncion is an interesting place to visit. National Congress, National
Cathedral, Visual Arts Museum, and Fine Arts Museum are some of the most-visited
places in Asuncion. The place is a haven for bird-watchers; backyard birds in the city are
interesting.
Panteon Nacional De Los Heroes
Panteon Nacional de los Heroes is a must visit for the tourists, if they are really
interested to discover the lifeline of Paraguay.
Panteon Nacional de los Heroes is basically a plaza, where the tourists can go for an
exploration of the culture and society of Paraguay. The tourists can find a handful of
relics from this very mall of Panteon Nacional de los Heroes.
With the rise of the sun, the plaza gets filled up with the Guarani vendors. These
vendors open their stalls in the early morning only to close theirs at the setting of the
sun. Their stalls are full of the Paraguayan traditional items of art like bows and arrows,
headdresses, pottery and many others. Each of the pieces of art is so magnificent that
the tourists can spend hours to decide on which item to buy and which to spare. There
are also a big number of hawkers, who hawk for their variety of items ranging from
miracle knife sharpeners to herbal medicines.
La Santisima Trinidad de Parana
La Santisima Trinidad de Parana is one of the major attractions of Paraguay. It is also
popularly known as the Holy Trinity of Parana. La Santisima Trinidad de Parana of
Paraguay is actually the name of an ex- Jesuit mission in Paraguay.
La Santisima Trinidad de Parana in Paraguay happens to be one of the small colonies
that the missionaries established in different locations of South America. The locals
frequently refer to this site as the 'ruins of Trinidad'. This lies close to the Parana River.
This river surrounds the southern Paraguay as well as Argentina. Every year a large
number of eager tourists pay a visit to the La Santisima Trinidad de Parana.
La Santisima Trinidad de Parana has the reputation of being the UNESCO World Heritage
Site. After the decline of the influence of the Jesuits at a point of time, this place
suffered a great decay. But overcoming that, the modern historical societies have very
well maintained the site and have made it one of the prime tourist attractions of
Paraguay.
Last updated on March 01, 2012

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