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University of Waterloo Physics 115 Final Exam

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DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

Physics 115 - Mechanics

Final Examination

December 8, 2006

Time: 2.5 Hours

9:00– 11:30

Name: (Print)

Division

ID #

Signature

**Professor: Circle One
**

R. Jayasundera [Mec. St. 4]008

R. Jayasundera [Mec. St. 8]007

R. Allahverdi [Comp.]004

**D. Strickland [Elec. St. 4]005
**

D. Strickland [Elec. St. 8]006

M. Fich

[Civil] 003

**F. Mansour [Chem]001
**

F. Mansour [Env.Chem] 002

M. Balogh [Softw.]009

**Aids Permitted: Calculator, attached formula sheet
**

ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS

Important Instructions - Read Carefully

1.

2.

**Part A has 20 questions, worth 20%.
**

Part B has 6 questions, worth 80%; 1 question per page; recommended average time per question:

approximately 20 minutes

3.

5.

6.

Check that your booklet has 13 pages (including 1 blank sheet at the back and this cover plus a

formula sheet). Questions are to be answered on this paper. Use the space under each question first.

If necessary continue on back of previous sheet and then on the blank sheet, and indicate by writing

“continued at left” or “continued on page 11”. Answers must include units where appropriate.

In Part A, the letter corresponding to each answer must be entered on your computer sheet in dark

lead PENCIL only. Avoid erasures by checking answers before marking them. Mark your I.D.

Number and Division Number in the space provided. Also (THIS IS IMPORTANT) fill in the

correct ovals for your I.D. Number and Division. Do not mark “card number” column. Check that

you have not missed, or put double marks in any row in the answer field.

Print name, etc., in the upper right part of your computer sheet and at the top of this page.

There is no penalty for marking incorrect answers.

7.

**NOTE:

KEEP COMPUTER SHEET FACE DOWN WHEN NOT IN USE **

8.

**NOTE:

COMPUTER SHEETS WILL BE COLLECTED AFTER 2 HOURS

9.

In Part B, answers must be entered in the boxes provided. These will be hand-marked, and part

marks will be given liberally, if your solutions clearly show correct thinking.

Ask a proctor to clarify a question if you think that is necessary.

4.

10.

GOOD LUCK !

Use g = 9.80 m/s2

(NOTE: Assume all given data is accurate to three significant figures if needed)

Moment of Inertia (about axes through centre of mass).

Cylinder or Disk (mass M, radius R, axis to radius) : ICM = (1/2) MR2. Solid Sphere (mass M, Radius R) :

ICM = (2/5) MR2

Hoop (mass M, radius R, axis to radius): ICM = MR2 Rod (mass M, length

L, axis to length) ICM = (1/12) ML2.

MARKS

ONLY

1B

2B

3B

4B

5B

6B

TOTAL

Object 1 has a greater mass than object 2. Two objects are at rest on a frictionless surface.8 ˆj m / s 2 (e) 0iˆ 0 ˆj m / s and 0i m / s 2 3.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 2 OF 13 1. Wa = 0 6. it accelerates through a distance “d”. the direction of the frictional force acting on the crate is pointing to the (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) right left no frictional force since the crate is not sliding all of the above none of the above 4. Vector A lies in the xy plane. Wair = Wa (note Wg = work done by gravity etc). WT. The observer in the elevator which is accelerating upward at “a” m/s2. which of the statements is true. WT = 0 Wa < 0. A baseball is thrown with an initial speed of 10iˆ 15 ˆj m / s . When it reaches the top of its trajectory the velocity and acceleration are (a) (b) 15 ˆj m / s and 0iˆ m / s 2 10i m / s and 0 ˆj m / s 2 (d) 10i m / s and 9. At the moment when object 2 has accelerated through the same distance d. WT = 0 Wa = 0. is removed from object 1 and applied to object 2. The work done by each of the above forces can be written as Wg. WT = 0 WT > 0.PHYSICS 115 .8 ˆj m / s 2 10i m / s and 9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 1st quadrant 1st and 2nd quadrant 2nd and 4th quadrants 1st and 4th quadrants 2nd and 3rd quadrants 2. The force “F”. the forces acting on the suspended masses are (i) force of gravity (ii) the tension of the cord and (iii) air resistance. As a simple pendulum swings back and forth. Which statement is always true? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Wg > 0. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) P1 > P2 K2 > K1 K1 = K2 P1 = P2 none of the above Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours . while the truck is accelerating to the right. When a force “F” is applied to object 1. A crate is sitting in the center of a flatbed truck. would claim that the weight of the fish is the (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) reading of the scale reading of the scale + ma reading of the scale – ma reading of the scale times a none of the above (c) (m is the mass of the fish) 5. If the crate does not slide on the truck. Wa < 0 Wg < 0. For what orientation of vector A will its components have opposite signs.

You then proceed to take that spring to equilibrium slowly. Four times as much kinetic energy as the lighter one. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The force of friction points opposite to the motion of the centre of mass. Your work is double that of the work of the spring. You are holding onto a spring that is already stretched. None of the above. 13. one with twice the mass of the other.PHYSICS 115 . Which way of hanging the picture requires a stronger string? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 1 2 3 1 and 2 (both are the same) all are the same 10.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 3 OF 13 7. the more massive marble has: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) As much kinetic energy as the lighter one. 9. The force of friction points in the direction of motion of the centre of mass. When the ball hits the patch (a) It continues to roll as before. Just before hitting the ground. The force of friction is zero. Three framed pictures of identical shape and mass m were hanged as shown below. As time goes on the acceleration vector for a point on the rim: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) decreases in magnitude and becomes more nearly tangent to the rim decreases in magnitude and becomes more nearly radial increases in magnitude and becomes more nearly tangent to the rim increases in magnitude and becomes more nearly radial increases in magnitude but retains the same angle with the tangent to the rim 11. are dropped to the ground from a table. Vcm It starts to spin R Vcm It begins to skid R none of the above (b) (c) (d) Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours . You throw a tennis ball of radius R on the floor such that it rolls freely on a flat surface for some time and then it hits a patch of ice where the coefficient of friction between the ball and the ice is s = 0. The change in potential energy of the spring is positive. The spring does positive work. The force of friction cannot be determined. Two marbles. A ball is rolling freely on a flat surface. A wheel starts from rest and spins with a constant angular acceleration. Twice as much kinetic energy as the lighter one. 12. Which vehicle experiences the greater magnitude force during the collision? (a) (b) (c) (d) The car The truck The answer depends on the speeds the vehicles were moving Both experience the same force during the collision 8. The spring does negative work. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The work you do is positive. Half as much kinetic energy as the lighter one. Impossible to determine. A small sports car collides head-on with a massive truck.

None of the above (c) (d) (e) 15. How does the tension (T) in the cable compare with the weight of the elevator (W)? (a) (b) (c) (d) T>W T=W T<W impossible to tell 16.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 4 OF 13 14. If the angular acceleration vector points into the page then: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) the body is slowing down the body is speeding up the body is starting to turn in the opposite direction the axis of rotation is changing orientation none of the above 17. An elevator is going up at a constant speed. The angular velocity vector of a spinning body points out of the page. The force of friction does not play a role because the speed of the bottom of the wheel is zero The force of friction is zero because the wheel is always rolling. The driver hits the gas pedal and the engine delivers more power. During the time when the driver is pressing on the gas pedal (the wheels are always rolling) (a) (b) The force of friction points opposite to the motion. A car is driving at a constant speed on the 401 heading towards Montreal.PHYSICS 115 . pulled by a single cable. The force of the friction points in the same direction as the velocity of the center of mass. Which object has the largest moment of inertia? (masses are point masses connected to massless rods) Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours .

of magnitude F. if all start from rest? Assume the strings do not slip and pulleys are discs. In which of the following diagrams of a door hinged to a wall at two points A and B at ¼ and ¾ of the length if the door. or halfway between the rim and the center as shown in diagrams. The figure shows four disks that are on a frictionless floor. either at the rim. 20.PHYSICS 115 . Which pulley will be spinning fastest when the block hits the ground. Three forces. 2F.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 5 OF 13 18. 19. or 3F. at the center. show the forces in the directions that would result in the door being in static equilibrium. act on each disk. Which disk is in equilibrium? (a) (b) (c) Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours (d) .

PHYSICS 115 .8 m away and 1. (a) To hit a toy soldier that is 1.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 6 OF 13 1B. If the gun is aimed at the toy soldier when it is fired.1 m higher than the gun. A toy gun fires marbles with a velocity v = 7m/s. at what angle should the gun be aimed? = (b) Now assume that the toy soldier is dropped (starting from rest) the instant the gun is fired. at what height above the ground will the soldier be when it is hit by the bullet? h= (c) How long after firing does the bullet hit the soldier? T= Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours .

if the pulley was heavy and has a moment of inertia about the center of mass (axis of rotation) of . Initially the string connecting the 20 kg mass to the other is vertical. The pulley is massless and the 20 kg mass is connected to a 5 kg mass as shown.21 for part c and d). (a) Find the speed of the 5 kg mass when 20 kg mass has moved to position “B” as shown in diagram if the incline was smooth. If the system is released from rest. a= (d) Find the tensions of the string at position B. PAGE 7 OF 13 A v= (b) If the plane was rough and k = 0. The 20 kg mass is free to slide down an incline of 45º.25 kg m2. T1 = T2 = Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours .FINAL EXAMINATION 2B.PHYSICS 115 .21 what is the acceleration of the 20 kg mass when it is at point A (assume k = 0. a= (c) Find the acceleration of the 20 kg mass at the position B.

and by a light rope that is attached exactly three-quarters of the distance across the upper edge. reaches up and grabs onto the bottom portion of the sign and. Prof. that is midway up one edge. begins to move away from the building.0 kg climbs out of a window just below the sign.0 degrees with the horizontal. (b) Write the conditions for static equilibrium of the sign and solve for the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) components of the force at P. A uniform wooden sign of mass 4. while hanging from the sign.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 8 OF 13 3B. It is supported by a hinge at P. and solve for the rope tension (T) H= V= T= Later. show where on the sign each of the forces acts.00 m high and 4. The rope makes an angle of 20.0 kg hangs beside a building wall. how far can Prof.00 m wide.PHYSICS 115 . The sign is 2. (a) Complete the free body diagram by showing all the forces acting on the sign. If the rope can only support a maximum tension of 1500 N. Fich of mass 90. Fich move away from the building ? Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours .

5 kg and h = 80 cm.FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 9 OF 13 4B. f = (e) Find the angle the system will rotate before coming to a momentary stop.PHYSICS 115 . m = 2 kg. = Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours . mb = 0. p= (b) Find the angular momentum of the system just before impact. r = 20 cm. I= (d) Find the angular velocity of the system after collision. If the speed of the bullet just before it collides with the rod is 50 m/s. = 1m. A uniform rod of mass m and length is pivoted at one end is free to rotate in a vertical plane. There are 2 disks each of mass m and radius r attached to the rod as shown in the diagram. A rubber bullet of mass mb is shot at the rod and it sticks to the rod at a distance h from the pivot. Li = (c) Find the moment of inertia of the system after the bullet has collided. (a) Find the linear momentum of the bullet just before impact.

and C (mass 0. The initial velocities of A and B are given in the figure. (i) (a) What must the x. PAGE 10 OF 13 Spheres A (mass 0.PHYSICS 115 . what is the change in the kinetic energy of the system of three spheres as a result of the collision? (ii) The triangle ABC is made from a uniform metal sheet. Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours .050 kg).020 kg). B (mass 0. If a portion DEF is cut off from the triangle ABC where will the new centre of mass be? Note: AG = 1 m EF = 2m BC = 6 m The angles of ABC are 60º.and y-components of the initial velocity of C be if all three objects are to end up moving at 0. are each approaching the origin as they slide on a frictionless air table as shown in the diagram. the center of mass of ABC is at a point on the line AD and is 2/3 AD when measured from apex A.50 m/s in the +x-direction after the collision? (b) If C has the velocity found in part (a).FINAL EXAMINATION 5B. Like every triangle. All three spheres arrive at the origin at the same time and stick together.030 kg).

FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 11 OF 13 6B. If R = 7 cm. k = 0. (ignore friction during impact) (a) Find the angular speed immediately after the collision. (c) How much energy is lost to friction? (d) How many revolutions does the ball go through before it begins to roll perfectly? Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours . m = 300g.1. A cue hits the billiard ball at the position shown.PHYSICS 115 . The collision lasts 90 ms with an average force of 420 N. (b) Find the linear speed of the centre of mass immediately after the collision.

FINAL EXAMINATION Blank Page Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours PAGE 12 OF 13 .PHYSICS 115 .

Torque & Angular Momentum Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy U g mgy US 12 kx 2 x = extension Conservation of mechanical energy E K U 0 Work by Nonconservative Forces WNC K U E Center of mass rcm n 1 M m r i i i 1 rcm Linear Momentum I I cm Mh 2 r F I r F sin WS 12 kx 2 P v2 2r r I mi ri2 r 2dm Moment of inertia K 12 mv2 Work done by a spring a t r ac W F ds Kinetic Energy & Work Power P d dt Dynamics Friction Mi Mf J F(t)dt Pf Pi P J Calculate v cm Calculate v rel to cm Collisions valid in both x and y directions Newton’s Third Law Ma Ru Variable Mass Systems v adt v0 v = at + v0 Newton’s Second Law (closed isolated system) 1 M Rolling bodies vcm R K 12 I cm 2 12 Mv2cm Torque as a vector r F rp Angular Momentum L 1 2 n dL ext dt L I (rigid body.PHYSICS 115 .FINAL EXAMINATION PAGE 13 OF 13 dr v dt Kinematics dv d 2 r a 2 dt dt Conservation of Linear Momentum Pi Pf v f v i un 1 r vdt r0 r = v0 t at 2 r0 2 v v0 at x x 0 v0 t 12 at 2 momentum rel to cm is zero v2 v02 2a x x 0 Relative Velocity v AD v AB vBC vCD Rotation d d 2 2 dt dt Constant angular acceleration 0 t F ma FAB FBA 0 t 12 t 2 fs s N 2 20 2 fk k N Circular motion v2 aC r dv aT dt Circular Motion FC ma c mv 2 r Parallel axis theorem TORQUE WS 12 kx2i 12 kx2f or I W d x = extension P dW dt K 12 I 2f 12 I 2i W Fv Rolling. Fext dt L =constant for isolated system L i L f (isolated system) Static Equilibrium Fext 0 ext 0 Computer Sheets Collected After 2 Hours . fixed axis) Conservation of Angular Momentum r dm Fext M a cm P mv dP P M v cm .

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