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**Two port Network – Z Parameters
**

Aim of the Expt:

1.Understand two port circuits

2.Calculate Z parameters for two port

networks

3.Use Multisim to find Z parameters for given

circuit

**Circuit A for experiment
**

Manual Calculation for parameters Z11 & Z21

A DC test voltage source of 1 V is applied to the input

port with the output port open circuited.

Mesh 1: 4kI1-3kI2’= 1 ……………. (1) .563 kΩ Manual Calculation for parameters Z22 & Z12 A DC test voltage source of 1 V is applied to the output port with input port open circuited..9µA I2’ = 54.Let I1 be the current flowing through mesh 1 containing 3KΩ and 1KΩ and I2’ be the current flowing through mesh 2 containing 10KΩ..438 kΩ Z21 = V2/I1 = 1. Mesh 1: 4kI2-3kI2’= 1 ……………. I1 = 290. Let I2 be the current flowing through mesh 1 containing 3K Ω and 1KΩ and I2’ be the current flowing through mesh 2 containing 10KΩ.. (1) Mesh 2: 16kI2’ = 3kI1 ……………….54 mV Z11 = 1/I1 = 6875/2 = 3. (2) From equations (1) & (2) we get.5µA V2 = 3kI2’ + 1kI1 = 454.

9µA I2’ = 54.54 mV Z22 = 1/I2 = 6875/2 = 3. I2 = 290.Mesh 2: 16kI2’ = 3kI2 ……………….5µA V1 = 3KI2’ + 1KI2 = 454..563 kΩ Simulation of circuit A for parameters Z11 & Z21 . (2) From equations (1) & (2) we get.438 kΩ Z12 = V1/I2 = 1.

767 µA Z11 = 1/(290.767 µA) = 3.I1 = 290.439 kΩ .

563 kΩ Simulation of circuit A for parameters Z22 & Z12 I2 = 290.767 µA Z22 = 1/(290.Z21 = V2/I1 = (454.767 µA) = 1.544 mV)/(290.767 µA) = 3.439 kΩ .

544 mV)/(290.Z12 = (454. Explain whether this two-port circuit is reciprocal.438 1.563 1.563 3. and why? Ans: The two port circuit will be reciprocal if interchanging an ideal voltage source at one port with an ideal ammeter at the other port gives the same ammeter reading.563 1.563 kΩ Z Parameter s Z11 Z12 Z21 Z22 (kΩ) (kΩ) (kΩ) (kΩ) 3.439 3.767 µA) = 1. the short circuit current is measured. .438 Simulated Calculated Questions: 1.439 1.563 3. A test voltage of 1 V is applied at the input port and the output port is short circuited .

I1’ = 167 µA Since I1’ = I2’ the reciprocity theorem is satisfied.e. the test voltage is applied at the output port and the input port is short circuited. the given two port circuit is reciprocal.I2’ = 167 µA Now the points of excitation and response are reversed i. The two port network is reciprocal since the forward and .

e. I1 = 291 µA With input port open and voltage applied at the output port. Explain whether this two-port circuit is symmetric.e. and why? Ans: To test for symmetry of the given two port circuit we open circuit one port say output port and apply a test voltage at the other port and measure the current emanating from voltage source. . the network is bilateral. 2.reverse transfer impedances i. Z12 & Z21 are equal i.

I2 = 291 µA Since I1 = I2 the network is symmetrical. Run the simulation for a loaded two port network as shown in Figure 3 and find the voltage and current gain. Since the impedance parameters of the above 2 port network are known. Gv=V2/Vs and current gain Gi=I2/I1. 3. the black box can be replaced by an . For the given two port network the driving point impedances Z11 and Z22 are equal as calculated before which makes the network symmetrical. Vs= 10 V DC.

4 mA = 1.8672 * 10^-3 .146 mV I2 = 180 µA I1 = 96.146/10 = 1.4 mA GV = 180.8015 * 10^-3 Gi = I2/I1 = 180 µA/96. The given two port network is reciprocal and hence can be replaced by T equivalent model. V2 = 180.equivalent model which is described by the same set of equations.

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