1.

A new design technique available to analog system designers is:
a. Sense the analog, compute using analog, output analog.
b. Sense the analog, convert to digital, compute digitally, convert to
analog, output analog.
c. Sense the analog, convert to digital, compute digitally, output digitally.
d. Sense digitally, compute digitally, output digitally.

2. Analog quantities:
a. vary smoothly, then change abruptly to new values.
b. consist of codes of high-level and low-level signals.
c. vary smoothly continuously.
d. have periods of high-level and low-level signals, then change to
continuous signals.
3. Digital signals:
a. vary smoothly, then change abruptly to new values.
b. consist of codes of high-level and low-level signals.
c. vary smoothly continuously.
d. have periods of high-level and low-level signals, then change to
continuous signals.

4. Electronic system designers must interface between:
a. the human world and the electronic world.
b. the wholesale world and the retail world.
c. the private business world and the government business world.
d. the analog world and the digital world.
e. a and d above.
f. none of the above.

computes analog quantities in nature. d. separates out analog quantities into different categories. Conditioning signals: a. are a copy of the analog physical quantity in another form. c. means that nothing is done to the input signal. compute digitally. are output in digital form. condition. means that the signals are being exercised. b. The basic functions for A-to-D (analog-to-digital) conversions are: a. condition to analog. Physical quantities in the human world are typically: a.5. d. b. d. changes quantities in nature to electrical signals. d. means that the input signal may be increased or decreased in amplitude. digital. compute as analog. detects analog quantities by their magnitude. convert to digital. 3. means that some characteristic of the signal is being changed. ?ltered or its impedance changed. b. . analog and digital. digital and analog. c. analog. b. d. b. convert to digital. In analog electronic systems. c. convert to digital. are not a copy of the original quantity in another form. Sense. not analogous to the original quantity. sense. convert to analog. 1. analog quantities are: a. sense. c. sense. 2. 4. Sensing: a. c.

a serial transfer of digital codes. outputs a smooth and continuous analog signal. b. d. A digital-to-analog converter: a.e. 5. c. an analog signal of discrete values. b and c above. a serial digital code string. c. 8. c. outputs an analog signal in stair-step form. b. a parallel digital code stream. a real-world quantity. f. The output of the digital-to-analog converter is: a. c. 7. a and d above. a stair-step output that stays constant at a particular level until the next digital code is received. The output of the digital-to-analog chain is: a. d. An input to a digital-to-analog converter may be: a. b. e. always a meter reading. outputs one digital code after another. an analog signal of suitable amplitude. d. f. a parallel transfer of digital codes. a stair-step output that varies until the next input digital code is received. 6. a stair-step output that changes between 1 and 0 until the next digital code is received. outputs a digital signal in serial form. b. a and d above. . b and c above.

c. a device to change or convert energy from one form to another. clarify the digital steps in the output. The digital-to-analog output must be filtered to: a. c. a transducer that changes analog signals into digital signals. d. b. 11. a device that converts digital signals to analog signals. keep the stair-step digital output. b. a transducer that changes analog signals into digital signals. c. a transducer that changes electrical energy into rotational torque. a transducer that changes digital signals into analog signals. d.d. 13. 12. A transducer is: a. A meter is: a. a transducer that changes digital signals into analog signals. 10. d. a stair-step output that changes from maximum to minimum until the next digital code is received. . b. a device that converts analog signals to digital signals. c. A motor is: a. a transducer that raises the analog voltage output to a higher voltage. The equivalent resistance between VREF and ground of the R/2R ladder DAC is: a. 9. d. 4R. b. a transducer that raises the analog voltage output to a higher voltage. make the analog output change smoothly and continuously. a device that maintains the analog output in digital steps. a transducer that converts the analog output to the rotation of a needle in front of a scale. make the analog output more like a digital output.

e. R/2 14. Question from 15 to 23 : For the analog signal shown in the plot of voltage against time and the 4-bit codes given for the indicated analog voltages. identify the analog: 15. a only above. b. a and c above. d. A sample-and-hold circuit: a. R. b. has a momentary switch that connects the input voltage to a capacitor long enough for the capacitor to charge. has a capacitor that is charged to hold the value of the input voltage. 2R. 0000 0001 0011 0100 . c. f. d. c.The digital code corresponding to interval 0 equals a.b. c. has a resistor in series with a capacitor in series with a switch. none of the above. d.

from from from from 0 0 0 0 to to to to 16 15 1. 15 quantization levels. d. 0. 1100 1101 a and b a or b 18. b.The digital code corresponding to interval 6 equals a.1 b. depends on the range of conversion d. d. a or b a and b 22-the resolution of this A/D converter equals(approximately) a. b.The digital code corresponding to interval 1 equals a. 16 quantization levels. d. .6 21-According to this figure this A/D converter can partition analog signal into a range of a. d. a and c . c. b.16.5 1. c. b. c.The digital code corresponding to interval 3 equals a. d. d.068 c. c. 0111 1000 a and b a or b 17. 1001 1010 1011 a and b 19. b. c. c. 1011 1100 1101 a or b 20-According to this figure this A/D converter can partition analog signal into a range a. b.The digital code corresponding to interval 4 equals a.

d. the binary input word corresponding to an input of (5 V )is a. 1000 1001 0111 1100 28-Which of the following is correct a.75 V 5. c. External reference voltage is preferred than internal reference voltage. -0. b. 0. 25-If the reference input of a 4-Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter with feedback resistor of 5 kΩ equals -10 volts. Non multiplying DAC has inside reference source. b. c. Binary word 1000100010001000 can be an input for a 16 -Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter. b. Multiplying DAC is more advantageous than non multiplying DAC. then the resistance corresponding to the LSB equals a. d. b. Multiplying DAC has external reference source.Which of the following is a correct sentence ANS :E(all) a.625 V 27. d. c.034 d.Quantization error of this A/D conversion in this figure is between a.1875 V 0. the output voltage corresponding to the binary input word (1100) equals a. -1/2 and +1/2 b.75 V 6. b.05 and 0. 10 kΩ 16 kΩ 80 kΩ 1280 kΩ 26-In the above example. c. c. Binary word 1000000 can be an input for a 8-Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter. .23.In the above example.034 and +0. -2 and +2 24. -0.05 c. d. Binary word 1000000 can be an input for a 4-Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter.

DAC can be used in : ANS :E(all) a. monotonic. Offset error. Range of conversion. d. the sampling rate. d. 1:1 1:2 2:1 1:4 31-When DAC yields an increase in output as input increases then DAC is a. c. b. non Monotonicity error. 34. d. may be monotonic or non monotonic. the resolution. c. Gain error. Cruise Control. b. c.The accuracy of an ADC can be improved by increasing: ANS :E(all) a. 29.d. c. the ratio between voltage output in case of BWL D/A converter and voltage output in case of R-2R D/A converter is a.Which of the following is correct a. d. b. b. Oscilloscope. Ratio between currents in the feedback resistance in case of BWL and R-2R is 2:1 30. Binary word 1000100010001000 can be an input for a 8-Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter. c. Op-amps can handle currents below the current-noise threshold. Bit Binary Weighted Resistor D/A converter has problems if bit length is longer than 8 bits: ANS :E(all) b. differential Non-Linearity error. d. basically non linear 32. Digital Telephones. c. 33. non monotonic. Motor Speed Control .For the same binary input word. b and c .Deviation of actual converter step size from the ideal (theoretical) predicted wave step represents a. 100 mA is more than a typical op-amp can handle. d. b.

d. high resolution high speed low cost higher accuracy 37. b. . d. Conversion time depends on the size of the input signal. Number of comparators used is 2n Each comparator switches only when V in exceeds Vref . If T1 = 60Hz. d. b. one comparator.6-bit flash ADC has: a. DMM(Digital Multimeter).similar to the counter type except it can track a varying signal more quickly. b. Counter Type ADC has varied conversion time. c. b. converter throughput rate < 30 samples/s. 38. d. c. Tracking ADC . 39. b. c. Dual Slope Integrating ADC can be used in DPM(Digital Panel Meter).The number of times the input signal can be sampled maintaining full accuracy is a. b. d. c. Tracking ADC is similar to the counter type except it uses an up/down counter. d. The speed of the converter is not limited by the speeds of the comparators and the logic network. 65 comparator. It has high resolution. 40. c.Which of the following is correct: ANS :E(all) a.35. 63 comparator.Which of the following is correct in Dual Slope Integrating ADC: ANS :E(all) a. 64 comparator. The total number of counts on the counter is proportional to the input voltage. c. High frequency noise cancelled out by integration. Converter Throughput Rate Conversion Time Converter Resolution Converter Accuracy 36-Good ADC has: ANS :E(all) a.Which of the following is correct in Flash ADC: a.

compute digitally. the wholesale world and the retail world. d. Analog quantities: a. b. then change to continuous signals. vary smoothly. c. 43. vary smoothly continuously. then change abruptly to new values. 42. b. the private business world and the government business world. . convert to analog. have periods of high-level and low-level signals.41. f. compute digitally. output analog. compute using analog. the analog world and the digital world. Sense the analog. a and d above. Electronic system designers must interface between: a. d. d. c. c. c. Sense the analog. none of the above. b. compute digitally. then change abruptly to new values. output analog. then change to continuous signals. vary smoothly continuously. consist of codes of high-level and low-level signals. consist of codes of high-level and low-level signals. output digitally. Digital signals: a. have periods of high-level and low-level signals. b. convert to digital. e. the human world and the electronic world. A new design technique available to analog system designers is: a. vary smoothly. d. 44. Sense the analog. convert to digital. Sense digitally. output digitally.

analog quantities are: a. not analogous to the original quantity. are a copy of the analog physical quantity in another form. c. are not a copy of the original quantity in another form. b. .45. are output in digital form. d. In analog electronic systems.