Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering

Universiti Malaysia Pahang
Assignment 2


Question 1
Compare steel and cast iron with respect to (a) chemical constituent/composition and heat
treatment, (b) microstructure, and (c) mechanical characteristics

Question 2
Using isothermal transformation diagram in Appendix, specify the nature of final
microstructure (in terms of micro constituents present and approximate percentage of
each) of a small specimen that has been subjected to the following time-temperature
a) From 750oC, cool rapidly to 350oC, hold for 15 minutes
b) From 750oC, cool rapidly to 350oC, hold for 150 s, quench to room temperature
c) From 750oC, rapidly cool to 650oC, hold for 20 s, rapidly cool to 400oC, hold for
2 h and 40 minutes
d) Heat for 1 h at 750oC, water quench, reheat 1 h at 350oC
e) Heat for 1 h at 750oC, water quench, reheat 1 h at 700oC
* You are required to illustrate each heat treatment process on the given Appendix and
submit together with the answer sheet

Question 3
Describe the Jominy hardenability test, and explain how the data for the plotting of the
Jominy hardenability curve are obtained and how the curve is constructed. Support your
explanation with proper curve and diagram.

Question 4
a) Using proper illustration and diagram, describe the grain shape changes that occur
when a sheet of alloyed copper with an original equiaxed grain structure is coldrolled with 50 percent cold reduction.
b) Supposed a copper wire is cold-drawn from 2.80 diameter to 2.40 mm diameter.
Calculate the percentage cold work which the wire undergoes. Using Figure 1,
estimate the tensile strength, yield strength,and ductility of the 2.40 mm copper wire.

thermoset.000 g/mol. . and elastomers.Figure 1: Mechanical properties of percentage cold-work for steel. (c) mechanical properties. and copper Question 5 Make a comparison between glass. what is the degree of polymerization? Question 7 By using appropriate example. brass. describe the atomic structural arrangement of a thermoplastic. glass-ceramic and ceramic materials as related to their (a) chemical constituents. (b) microstructure. and (d) fabrication method. Question 6 If a particular type of polyethylene has a molecular mass of 150.

4 GPa and a tensile strength of 2.14 30.500 0.01 mm and 0.26 20.500 0. respectively . and (c) the fraction of the load carried by the fiber for the following composite material stressed under isostrain conditions.17 15. and .000 12.000-10.500 0.000-30.11 10.1 GPa and a tensile strength of 62 MPa Question 10 It is desired to produce an aligned carbon fiber-epoxy matrix composite having a longitudinal tensile strength of 500 MPa.10 Question 9 Calculate (a) the modulus of elasticity.000-35. (b) tensile strength.4 GPa and hardened epoxy resin with a modulus of Em = 3.000-25. The composite consist of a continuous glass fiber reinforced epoxy resin produced by using 60% by volume of glass fibers having a modulus of elasticity of Ef = 72.500 0.22 25.000-15.the matrix stress at composite failure is 7.500 0.Question 8 Calculate the average molecular weight for a thermoplastic material which has the mean molecular weight fractions for the molecular weight ranges listed in Table 1.the fiber fracture strength is 4.000 7.the average fiber diameter and length are 0.5 mm.0 MPa End of Questions . Table 1: Molecular weight fraction data for a thermoplastic material Molecular weight Mean molecular Molecular weight range (g/mol) weight fraction 5.0 GPa .000 22.the fiber-matrix bond strength is 25 MPa.500 0.000 17.000 32.000-20. Calculate the volume fraction of fibers necessary if given: .000 27.

Appendix .