.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

\$oluTloHs

1,1

Page 35

CLap

I

Vector Analysis

sot

,t.1.,1

Option (C) is correct.

M

-N

: ;,, ",,

:"

:=:,:"-_:z:::,;t;:
ITa,l boul2a"
^,
So, the unit vector in the direction of (M- N) is
73o,,*5ar*2o,,
M-N
-^ - jM:Tl-Wa,+5%+q
-

:

sol. t.r.?

Option (B) is correct.
Vector G at (-2,1,3)

G
So,

0.92a,* 0.36a, + 0 Jayz.

:

: 4(- 2) (r) a, + 2 (2 + (_ z),) au _t S (J)2 a"
:- 8a, *l2aui27a"

"":ft.:ffi

unit vector in the direction

:-

sol- {,r.3

of.

0.26a,i

G at

e

0.39a,

*

:

0.88o,

Option (B) is correct.
cross product of two parallel vector fields is always zero since the angle
between them is 0:0".

i.e.

AXB:Q
loo o, o,l

It tt?-613l:o
l"

Solving

sol.

1,,t.4

(- tz - Jp)ao 1-(Bo + 6)aa + @ - 2a)a" :
it we have, 0:- 4 and a:- 2

Option (D) is correct.
From the given field vector we have the component
E, :9zf cos2r.
So for the given condition E,: 0

9zf cos(2r)

We have,

:0

This condition met when,

Z:0

of,

a:0

or,

cos2r:0 9 2r:trl2 + r:r/4

Therefore the planes on which field component

Z:0
sol-

1.1.s

g

A:0

and

E, will be zero are

r: r/4

Option (D) is correct.
FYom the given field vector we have the field components

Ev

:8zTsin2r

E" :2f sir,2r
9 A: 4z
plane
the
in
Now,
A -- 42: 0

and
So,

Eo:az(A2)sin2r:il2isin2r

:
Er:

E"

Thus

2(4zl sin2r

:

32i sin2r

E"

Option (B) is correct.
For the given condition

i.e.

-E: 0, we must have
E,: Es: E,:0
9zf cos2r : Sz1sin2r: 2f sin2r :

This condition met in the Plane

Y:

0

\$'

Option (D) is correct.
of
since, the options include spherical as rveli as cvlindrical representa'tion
A, so, we will transform the vector in both the founs to check the result.
The components of vector field / are
A,: !, Ar:0 and '4' : Q
as
Now, we transform the vector componerrts in cylindrical systern

lA,l I cosd sino 0ll/

I

f;'l:l-;;;
" ;;;;; fil[,,|
;
ll,r,,l

:*

l;,1-l

i'

: @os\$) (1) : cosp
Ar:? sin@)(1) :-sind
Ao

i

A,:o
\$

in cylindrical system is
A(P'Q'') : cosfaP- sinPaa
Hence, both the options (A) and (B) are incorrect'
Again, we transform the vector components in spherical system

So, the vector field

'tt
il

iltr

as

IA,l Isingcoso singsind cosg]['+".|
I'lnl :lcos0t'o*p cosdsino - sindll'4,1

3

It

[o,l [

r

:
A6 :
Ao :
A"

'4
.,{

ffi

So, the vector field

g

ol[1

]

: sindcosd
(cos 0 cos @) ( 1) : cos I cos qt
(.- sin P) (1) - - sin (':

(sindcos@) (1)

in spherical svstetrt

A(r,0,\$):
sol- 1.{,6

c{,s@

* *in o

sindcos@tt''

*

is

cos6cos?ao- sinda"

Option (B) is correct.
We transform the given vector field in spherica'l system'
Since the given vector tleld is F: IIa,
(), F' -- O'
The Cartesian components of the field are Fl, : 10, Fu:
as
So, the spherical components of vector field can be deterrnined
I4l Isiudcoso sirrdsinp cot0|[{,1
I nl : lcosdcosd cosdsin o - sin0ll'fl,1
So' we

get

t.l 1""--,';;; cose

; : i3#::i

tllo

I

arld

F,r

:-

Now, for the given point

10sind

(z:3, g-: 2, z:_

Page 3?

1) we have

: /re)Tltf {_-tf : lu
d : ran-, {ZLi: ,*"-,/ /fT(zF\
,
\ (-1) l-- 105.5'
d : tan_'(si;: ,""_,(i): 33.7.
r..

Putting all the values in the rnatrix transformation,
we have
:
10sin(rOS.S")cos(33.2.)
g
4
:
Fo _- 10cos (105.5.) cos (83.7.) : _ 2.2
F+ :- 10sirr(33.7.) :_ 5.5
Therefbre, the vector field in spherical coordinate is
tr- : F, a, * Foas * F*a5 : 80" 2.2a,e _ S.5a,o
rlol

1

.1.9

Option (D) is correct.
The given point is shown below

:

After 120' rotation looking down the axis the new co-ordinate
axes (r,, y,,
z') will be as shown below :

x,
lJ

So, the rotation carries e axis

into E ; g_axis into

therefore the new co-ordinates of point
g, : 7:

p are :

r

and

r into z.

q;

'u' :': :L:: a

:r:.a_:b
i'e' (c' *. b) is the co-ordinates of point p in the transformed

system.

Chap

f

Vector Analysis

Page 38

Chap

\$oL

t.'1"1\$

1

Vector Analysis

Option (C) is correct.
The given line r: 6, z:_ 2 is parallel to g-axis. So, the component of
parallel to the given line is

Ar:(A'ar)ao
:l(- 2a,* 2}ao* 4a") '
: (-2sirr@*20cosd)o,
At Point P, Q:90o, so, Av:-2au
{.{.'t{

anlo,

Option (C) is correct.
The position vector can be defined as :
R : fre,"-l yau* za"

R:nl7T7+7
So,

: #o'*#",*Eo,

:iffi"'+16ft;7"'*Lffi-"'
ra"* Aan* za" _ P
::-R
--wT7i7

gol- {.1,t2

Option (A) is correct.

Y' A : fittl

+

ftQra

t + t) + St+'+

+

:0 +2r+2U :2(r+

sol. {,{.13

zu')

A)

Option (D) is correct.
We have the vector field components as
Fo: psinS , F6: P2z and F, : zcosQ
I a" paa a,l
V
Now, X

'

:;l

:

f, [rri,\

i186,*" o - \$

o

t'1", - i rl&'cos

@

- ft

+llftet, -

;,

: lt- zsin\$ -

p'fo,-[0

: -|Qsin O t

p')

At point P (7,+,2)

VxF

:-r(2x
:- 3ap*

so|- t,1.14

Option (D) is correct.

D

:

rJzo,r*

ar't

-

0]aa

(3pz

1+13)

-

+f,lzt

ao*(3x 1 x 2-o)a"

rzon* Wa"

v . D:fttu,)*ftoa+fi{w):o
v

ou o,l

lu"

"" wl

xD:l* h :,1

f6n"i"ol",

pcos\$la"

cos \$) a"

6a"

lo,

r-

o';" ol"o

to the plane of triangle is given
of vectors. so the unit vector perpendicular
by

Page 40

Chai,

1

^:ffi#t
Ia"%

Vector AnalYsis

Now,

ABx ag:l

a"]

18 -191

[- to 8 151
:[18 x 15-(-10 x 8)]4,-[zo x 15- (- 10) x (- 10)]a'
+[zox8-(-10x18)]o,
:350o" -200ao*340a"
_ 350a,-20}ar*340a"

:@-

So,

:
sol- {.{.{9

zO

0'664o'

-

0'379 ao

*

-

350%

- 2m"'+ 3a9e:--

7@I-

rooi'+

(r+o)'?

0'645 a"

Option (A) is correct.
given by
vector in the direction of vector AC is
fi.u
""it
ISa,
8a,*
AC
-!0a,1
aAc

.

:

WCI

-

1- ro;'1 1A)'+ (rs)'

:- 0.507 a,* 0.406o, * 0'761a"
: - 0.514, -l0.4Lau* 0.76a"

is always perpendicular to the plane of
Since the cross product of two vectors
triangle which is perpendicular
vectors. so, the unit vector in the plane of the

toACisgivenbycrossproductoftheurritvectorperpendicrrlartothe

pla,ne of the tria.ngle a,nd the

i.e. &p:
3(,L 1.1.20

unit vector aec'

anx a'ac:-0'5504' -0'832a'*0'077a"

Option (D) is correct'
Unit vector in the direction of AB is given by
aAB

20a,*l8ar-I9a"

:

@Jraf+1-to;'

:0.697 a,+

0'627 an

-

0'348a"

interior angle at A is defined
A non unit vector in the direction ofbisector of
AS

lloo, *

aec)

:

Lr10.697 o,

*

0'627 an

-

0'348a"

-

o'507

a'*

0'4064'

* 0'761o']

:

0.095a, * 0.516a, * 0.207 a"
of interior angle at '4 is given
So the unit vector in the direction of bisector

by

0.095o" * 0.516o0 *
ou":@

:
:
sol- t"t.zt

O'2O7

a,

* 0.915a, * 0.367 a"
0.77 a,* 0.92a0 * 0.37 a"

0.168a,

Option (C) is correct.

ThevectorfieldFcanbewrittenincartesiansystemas

F(r,v,z):W:ffia,+ffi",
F(r,y,z):#o,+ffw

(r: pcosQ,Y:

Ps|li,\$)

The components

: !(.ordo.
* sinda,.)
p'
of vector field F are

4:-p"p
lcoso. 4,:

I

siu

d;

so the components of vector field

and.

F,:

Page

Chap
0

F in cylindrical system can be expressed

:::r

'q

lfi]

l]tfil

rr:)lcos'Q+sin'61:L

: f,lcos6(- sin/) * sin@cos@]: s
F, :0

rr

field
At the point P(p :2,

d

:

7r14,

F : +ao:
s.

1.1.22

:

F(p,\$,r)

So tlre vector

e:

1

poo

0.1)

0.ba,,

Option (A) is correct.
Any vector field can be represented as the sum of its normal and tangent,ia!
component to any surface as

A

:

At+_A,

where ,46 is tangential component and A,, is normal component to thr,
srrrfa,ce r:20 at point P(20,150",330').
So,
Ar, : T&r:20a.
and

thererore'

"' :11,r?; cosgas
:0.043oo

30t

1.1,?f,

*

*

t o,

100oa

Option (D) is correct.
Any vector field can be represented as the sum of its normal and tangential
components to any surface as

A:Ar+A,
Here A1 and .4,, are the tangential and normal components to the conical
surface Since the unit vector normal to the conical surface is ap.
So,

An :-

8a,o

and therefore the tangential component to the cone is

Ar: A- An:-72a,*9aa
30L 1.1.:*

Option (C) is correct.
Consider the unit vector perpendicular
d : 150' is

b: b,a,* b6a6

to ,4 and tangent to the cone

(Tangential component to the cone will have
Now the magnitude of unit vector is 1
So,

b7+b3:t

1

Vector Analysis

as

:[

41-

be: tl)
...(1)

Page 42

and the dot product of mutually perpendicular vectors is zero.

Chap

So,

1

Vector Analysis

A. b:0
-72b,* gb, : g

4:!u.

....(2)

So, from equation (1) and (2) we have

a3(r

+f;) : t

'':*,

u*:t

Therefore, A:f{S", *4ar)
*61

'r-t.s\$ Option (A) is correct.
The separation vector trl can be defined as

R

and
so,

: (r-

a)a"+

:

(y- b)ar*(z-

c)a"

n:M
"

(+)

: *l@- o)' + fu- b)'+ (z- c)'\-'t2 a,
+&l@

- a)'+ (v -

b)'+

(z

- ")'l-'/'o,

+&l@- a)'+ @ - b)'+ (z-

c1'1-'r' o"

: -!1ny'r, (* - o) - |1ny'r, (y - b) w - lgy,r2 (z ",
__(r- a)a"*(y-b)q-f(z- c)a" :_&
R3
Rslz
as!.

{.{.rs

c)

a,

Option (B) is correct.
The gradient of a scalar field at its maxima is zero. So at the top of hill

or,

Vh:0
(72r-ay+36)a,*(76y-4r- 56)o, : g

Therefore both the components

will be equal to zero

I2n-4y*36:0
l6y- 4r- 56 :0

I.e.

and,

Solving the two equations, we get,

. :x:'-2, U:3

Thus the top of the hill is located at 2 miles south
' miles east of the railway station.
\$oi-

l.t.t?

Option (B) is correct.
Consider the position vector of point P is
R : x&c* gan* za"
So, the magnitude of R is

R: G+T+r'
and unit vector in the direction of

a':!9@
" Ji+f+/

R

Therefore, the vector field .F at point

b-

is

P

is

(-2

miles north) and 3

,:#*:#(ffi7:*11vffffi]
The divergence of the field

v''F'

F is given

Page 43

Chap

as

: tof*ffi;zy + 3a@
+ +Lztr. *6;;;ryl
: rclpfiqw - +@;#?d- +
6;fqw
y\zA)
J v(za)
z(22)
1
B z(22)
3
-q
ttr)
2@ii;4{/,
2@Ti;4l'- 1;' a S * Srt7, - 2(7+7T
ye

I

(i+f + /) |
:'o[#*#?#fu]

1o[*_*r] :o
But at origin (r:0, U:0, z:0)
_

expression for field
zero else where.

jL

t.r.za

F

the position vector.fil:0 and so the
blows up. Therefore, v . F is infinite at origin and

Option (B) is correct.
For a vector function to be irrotational its curl must be zero. Now we check
it for vector ,4.

VxA

:[&o-

ry

- ") - fu-

rz)fa. +ffia+ n

-

*a-

ra

-

z)la,

+l*c za - fta+ a)a"

: (- B *B) a,+ (1 - I) o"+(0 _ 0) &" :

0

So, vector A. is irrotational.

Again for a vector to be solenoidal its divergence must be zero. So we take
the divergence of the vector ,4 as

v

: S{,* 4 +&eu1 +S@- ry -,)

.A

:1*o- 1:o

so, vector c is solenoidal
Thus the vector A is both irrotational and solenoidal.

Note: since the curl of the gradient of a scal# field is zero. So, we can have
directly the result

(-Vr:_:Vx (Vr:g

Vx A:VX
Option (D) is correct.
We have

Comparing

A

--v Y :-ffa,-#",-ffo"

it with the given

vector we get

:

ar:- @+ z) + f :-t - rz+ fi(y,z)
dr
u
6:3'- f :3Yz+f2(r,z)
^2

of :- ,- 3a
a", -\ )+ r0z -_ @- - z) l:-

rz+3yz+ \$"2 + fr(r,a)

In conclusion, from all the three results, we get

f :_+

_ rz*zyz+

{

I

Vector Analysis

Page 44

Chap

s{}L 1"*.30

1

Option (A) is correct.
Consider that the vector

.A

is

in a" direction

as shown in the figure.

Vector Analysis

So we can

and

write the vectors in cartesian form

as

A:4a,

t::G:-ll''*to"(-o')
_

_T*,

(A:4)
(B:

2_,

3)

Now the resultant vector,
So,

and

R :64,- 88 :3.22a,172a,
R : {\$8 +@ : 12.43units
angle that R makes with z-axis is
_ ,"
_ uuD
0-"^.-t13.22\:zr'

\AB)

So the graphical representation of vector

s\$L,r"1.3"1

R

is

Option (D) is correct.
We go through all the options to check the direction of the vector R for the
corresponding directions of A, B ar'd C.
Option (A)

since the direction of cross product is normal to the plane of vectors and
determined by right hand rule. so B x c has the direction in which thumb
indicates when the curl of the finger directs from Il to c. Thus B x
c will
be directed out of the paper and so we get direction of -a x (B x c) towarrl
east. So the given direction of R is incorrect.
In Option (B) : Direction of (B
will be directed toward west.

x

is out of the paper so,

-fi|: A x (B x C)

In Option (C): Direction of (B x C) is into the paper so,
will be directed toward north.

R: A x (B x. C)

C)

In Option (D) : Direction of (B x d) is into the paper so, R: A x (,B x C)
will be directed toward south. so the given direction is correct.

3(

1.1.32

Option (D) is correct.
As the vectors B and c are defined in cylindrical system. so, we transform
the vector in cartesian form as below
Given the vector field
B : ap+ 04+3a,,
the cylindrical components
Bo:I, 86:1, B":3
So the cartesian components of vector B is

[E:1:[:r;
lu"l
B,

;ti iilfi]

: cosdBr- sin\$Ba: cosd _ sin/
(Bo: Br:
Bu : sinQBo* cosQBa : sind*cos@ (Bo: Br:
B":P"-3

and so the vector field in cartesian system is

3:

So at the

wint (2,\$,3)

(cos@

-

sin/)a" + (sin@

*

cosS)au

*

Ja"

11

Iy

Page 45

Chap

1

Vector Analysis

Page 46

Chap

I

now we transform

Vector Analysis

B -- a,l avl3a"
the vector field C: "/2 ar+ Ja, in cartesian

system.

Co:J2, Cr:0, C":J

The cylindrical components,

So the cartesian components of vector

C

is

l3l:[:* "rr:[el
C'

So,

: Ji

Cr: /2

cosd

Cr:/2sind

C":t
:,/
C
2 cos da, + {i

and

So, at the

C"

noi"t

=

sin\$au

*

3a"

(f,f,O)

c:

,/ 2

cos(+)",+

n,i"(T)n * to,

-- ax* au*3a,

So all the three vectors are same at

s6L l"{"35

their respective points.

Option (A) is correct.
For checking whether a vector is perpendicular to a given vector or not we
take their dot product as the dot product of the two mutually perpendicular
vectors is always zero.
Now we have ,4 * B : 4a,* 4au* 4a"
So we take the dot product of (A + B) with the all given options to determine
the perpendicular vector.

In option (A) (-+o,+ 4or) . (+a"+ 4ar+ 4a") :- 16 * 16 : 0
In Option (B) (4au*4a,). (4a,1-4ar*4a"):16+ 16 :J2 *
In Option (C)
(a"-l a")' (4a,+ 4ar* 4a") : 4 * 4: 8 * o
so|-

"r-{.3d

Option (B) is correct.
YV(r,Y, z) : 1.5t y/ a,
So,we have the components as,

av
-a.clr

* 0.5f /

au

*f

yza"

: l.Sty*

v : L|{:y/ +

f1(y,

z)

:0.5f i
V :0.5f yl * fr(r,z)

:

0.513 yt

+

fr(y,

AV

-

oa

ff :fv'
, : ry + f,(u,z):o.bf u* + l,(y,r)
AV

Thus by comparing all the results we get,

V:O.bfg*
\$oL

,!.{"35

Option (B) is correct.
Consider the given plane

z)

0

rlz :1

'
So,

Wz-1:0
function, f :ryz-l
gradient of function, Yf : yza,* rzou*

Page 47

Chap

1

Vector Analysis

rya"

Since gradient of the function of a plane is directed normal

to the plane scr

the normal vector to the plane at the point (2,4,+) is

yf :la,+\an+ea,,

Now consider (r,y,z) lies in the given surface r!z:r. so the tangential
vector to the given surface at the point (2,4,f) is

r : (n - 2) a, r (y - +)q + (' - [)""

This vector will be perpendicular to V/.
So,
(") . (V/) : 0
(dot product of perpendicular vector)

|{. -

z) +

+@-

a)

+

r(,- *) :

o

2r*y*322:12
sot.

t.t.3c

Option (D) is correct.
Let us consider a contour abcd, as shown in the figure.

As vector

A

has only a6 component so

its integral will not exist along

segments ab and cd, and so the contour integral for abcd is

Al

.

at

: (I+

.

I"* I^* L)d
For bc segment, r: 1 and 0. 0 .
+

at

:- rd0ae
r: d, and 0 < 0 < T/2
dl : rdAae
. :_
dl

and for da segment

so, A#

"

I=':(+){"ar)+ I=,_(i_)t
:-(r-')(+) +(e-6)1trlzy :

te

As for the given contour C, 6 tends to zero

so,

.
f d or:trnflI

.

dr

:I.

*t
"-,

+

"-o)

,EC"-,+ e-o):+(r-

e-,)

I{OTE:
l{osI of titc sllttlcnt,r r.lti a ntistak*: irere bv <lirq:cl,lv inir:grat,irrg thc givcn

rr:l{)f
gl\.1,r1
t:otttclur (,'btrt as i,hc r.'c<:trll d inr*tdrs r,rxpr:nontia.l whicil is tk)l zcro at or.iq-itr^1{,ri!r
il,l{rl sr) ?!t
r: {}. (r1) ' i.rd?ar) 4 tl t'}xxrlirrr; rvc lravc tak:n thr: (:{)ri{,or1l'iulr:gra} in t,}rr.r liii.t: ol lirnjrr;.

."-&

r

".*'lo"if
]Wt"

"

Page 48

Chap

\$id:l{".

d *"}!'

1

Option (B) is correct
The divergence of unit vector a" is

Y . a. :

Vector Analysis

i*rttl:

\$lz,):l

the divergence of unit vector oo is

Y.

Y

as:ffiStsin@):#:

and the divergence of unit vector ar is

Y.
l;{.19-1.,1.3i1111111111111111t

ao:#&(1):o

Option (D) is correct.
A vector can be expressed as the gradient of a scalar if it's curl is zero. Now
we go through the options.

'

o,, clu o,

Option (A),

Curl of the ,recto, :

Option (B),

Curt of the vecror

Option (C),

Curl of [he vector :n]

:

2iz 2"rYl
:2Yz
lao paq a"l
t1l-:,
;l l* o
i,
p(#)
0l
i0

"

o?
ri
?
t"
i;
do ?l:o
P,'"io
:

3sinO o'

lr
So,
\$ilt."t.'tr,3\$'

it

j

I

can be expressed as gradient of a scalar'

Option (D) is correct.
Any vector for which rlivergence is zero can be expressed as the curl of
another vector. For checking it we go through all the options'

In Option (A),

Divergence

:*{tto-

d} -&aa+&e)

: T- tr:O
In Option (B).
In Option (C),

: tr&(#):,
Divergence :
i*1r

Divergence

"y) * #,r", #(#):

:-\lzcoso)+-r-1
So all the vectors can be expressed as curl of another

^zsindcosd

0,,.

vector'
i
\

5i1t" t i,!i*

Option (C) is correct.
\
for y) 0 i.e. above r-axis field will be directed towards *4" direction and\
will increase as we go far from the r-axis, since g-increases'
For y ( 0 i"e. below r-axis, field will be directed tou'ards - o" direction and
it's itrtensity will increases as we go away from the z-axis.

!i:;.

Option (D) is correct.
Given the divergence of the vector field is zero i.e. V
dA, , dAo _n

'l.l.t!l

'A:

-1. 1
^
or
oa -u
AL - -94"

0r

and the curl of the vector field is zero,

dy

0

...(1)

-^\

t.e.

VX.4:0

Page 49

I a, a, a,l

Chap

li, *,,';l:o
la,

i,

ol

_*".**o..(#_*)",:o
0A,
^-or

0A, _ n
^ -u
oa

....(2)

(Since / is only the variable of r and g. So the differentiation with respect
to z will be zero). Differentiating equation (2) with respect to r we get,

o^'4.
%.Ai 0r0y :- o

ry-jrdl.\:o
di 0y###BOT_TEXT###r )-

aA_ d l- 0A,1 _
A7-a a\-a;1:o

(from equation (1))

0rA, , }rAu _
#+fi:o
Y2An

:

g

Again differentiating equation (2) with respect to y we get

{+-014.:s
0r0y Af

p-(a!\-0?4,:o

0r\ay ) at
Lt--4a"1- a''4' : o
dn\-i;)67

:

(from equation (1))

a2A- . A2A^
:+#:0
dxi

:{^
' n" -0

rsot-

;

F.
tsi
F.:

iii
1

1.1.4*

Option (B) is correct.
Given, vector position of P(r,y,z)
R : ila, * ya, _l za"

: ^p 1f ,yj
R":(t+f +iyt,

So,
or

R

R"

R

: (t + t + *l21ra,* yo, + za"]

Now we take the divergence of the vector

v

. (R" n1:

as

*,@ + f + tyt, + &xr + f + ty,, + &Eo + f + *lt,
: (i + f + *yn fu +,I+@ + f + /Y/,-||Q{
+(t + f

+

tf,ft+

t(t? +

t

+ tyr'

u[\$(t +

x*+*:k***x**

f + ty,,-,](rr)

ft +,[g(i + f + /Y/'z-'f(2')

+2f +2*)
: BIi" * nR" : (n * Z)R"
= 3R" ++R"-r(2i

I

Vector Analysie

So.2.2 Correct answer is .1.78 units \$oL 1.7-*- soLuTloNs 1. \$oL 1. l. Since z-axis is normal to the surface z:5.064.57. so first of all we will find the angle between z-'axis and A which can be easily obtained from the figure shown below : I 1. .e.50) :* 3.2 Page 50 Chap 1 Vector Analysis sol t.4 Correct answer is 15. direction of B x C will be normal to the plane defined by the three vectors.-3.964 and z:2 So. As the direition of cross vector is normal to the plane.2) is given as IPQI: : 6. A' B:0 (4) (1) + (2k) (4) + (k) (.g8" = 75' '/-L\ Jr34l \ 3 .2.2.a) : o 4+8k-4h:0 4k:-4 k:-L soL {. 3 -f cos@-14:ffi:m d : cos :74. Since the two points are defined in different coordinate system so we represent the point Q in Cartesian system as r : pcos\$ .4cos(.3.50) :2. So A ' (B x C) will be zero.1) and QQ.78 .e. A.57 y : psind:4sin(. Dot product of the two orthogonal vectors is always zero.2"1 Correct answer is 0. the distance between the two points P(2.3 Correct answer is 6. Now the dot product of two mutually perpendicular vectors is always zero and since the direction of B x C will be perpendicular to the plane of vector A.

t.fienr"ir. i.2.b.8 : 0 which results i" k: _i: Correct answer is 1. Y'g:o }'_g_*d'g _0.5 .2. V.5 z: 5 and vector .s Correct a. * +z) + fter .b .# : |ffofz'sin d * 8p) + if 2pzsins - as a* ftsinlcos d) +\$QostnO * 6zcos2g) : |Qzsind+ 16p) .? Correct answer is -0.e.2.an @os rz - I i .e.nswer is 0.r12.cz) : e 1*0-c:0 C:7 sol. Consider the differential displacement.g _n di'affa7-v 2(l + 2k)y sol.O At point P(S. 1. dl so : dxa"* dyao* dza" f"o':(f"*)*+(f"au)u+(f"a")"" { _ 0. For a scalar field to be harmonic.o.G) Y'f :16+o -q+!q x (tol.2.| * 6lcos2d) + :16*6cos2/ -ffcoszO 6cos.6 Correct answer is 0.Therefore.ayazl I * y 2kr& * l:o rcosrzl zcosrz* I o" (0 - 0) .2.b 1) : 40 . .4 to be solenoidal its divergence must be zero. la./:0 *f. I Vector Analysis In a cylindrical coordinate system Laplacian of a scalar field is defined Y'f Page 51 15.4 is (90" _ d) : Chap Correct answer is 40.1. A vector field is called conservative (irrotationar) if its curl is zero.#r#. For vector .cos rz + rzsin rz) + (2k . rzsin rz Of' I I g i sol 1.I) a" : 2k-7:0 k :+-. VxM:0 l.Bz) + \$er* By .H). :i*(. the angle between surface Srd.{.

. As the angle between any of the two body diagonals of the cube will be same so we determine the angle d between the diagonals OB and AC of.u v ."2"t1 f rvul "(vu)l .2"10 Correct answer is 0.0) 4. Correct answer is 0.e.r: Since V x (VU) : 0 So .rrs (curl of the gradient of a scalar field is always zero) the contour integral is zero. and ry.0. i.+3an-3a.u) :0*0*0 Now.A)d.as:o J Correct answer is 70.3. xA). * 3ay l3a.(3.y and z.3) antl C. / AC:3a. so 1"2. fd.53 .(0. we take their dot product as .ds:f(v.axes respectively as shown in the figure. [n.--.A:s{zo4+&G. all the individual integrals described above will be zero. Consider that the cube has its edges on the r. According to the divergence theorem surface integral of vector over a closed surface is equal to the volume integral of its divergence inside the region defined by closed surface. the cube.ds . So.)+fiQ.3.'!a fl. So. For determining the angle 0 between them.For a contour the initial and final points are same. Therefore. Flom the figure we get the co-ordinates of points A. the vector length. Page 52 Ctap I fat:o Vector Analysis Jc .3) OB : 3a. d. B and C B* (3. so f d. According to stoke's theorem.n:l(.

For the straight line from origin to the point (2. The circulation of A around the route is given by . For the closed path defined.l dyar* dza" Therefore.m:['rrl.:loBllAClcos? 9+9-9:(3v5)(3. dI:32-32:Ounits .(2. total integral in the closed path is : J A. 2.{d.s.0. [d.r+ {o}a.2.53' answer is 32. 2) we have the relation between. the line integral of the vector field along the straight line is given AS I a.0) tr:2.0./e)cosd page bB is Vector Analvsis (OB) .0) .the coordinates as tr:y:z dr : dry: d.0) r changes from 0 to 2. a:2. and the line integral along straight line is given as dl : d"ra.m: (dI: dya) (itr: dza") (2.+ f z*a.0) tr:2.+ {ay. So - . z: 0.. So.{\$ Correct answer is 0. 'y : 0.0) changes from 0 to 2.dt : 8 +o+ 24: 32uints answer is 32. z : 0 so. m: Izta.2.z or. the line integral in forward path : 32 units the line integral in return path : -32 units.FI)d.ra. [' et ar: (3 x 4) z : 24 )') total line integral will be : [. In..*.2.) 2.] sol i.at where the route is broken into segments numbered 1st segrnent : (0.{"* Correct .t (dt:d.?"t3 Correct chapr 70.m:(l. : I i dr : (tr\$) : tarl 6 12 :4X8:32uints l' sol "r.ay+ l#az : lzid. (AC) So. the angle formed between the diagonals I : cos-j/l\: \J/ sot 4.2) z changes from 0 to [. m: I'urrda:o 3rd segment : (2. I to 3 as described below gr (2.11 Jo - 2nd segment : (2.0.t":3(\$)l':8 .

yd.u - z)dy ::[r-t 1 --z\r-fl-''a zta Vlo [\- :(-1-r). :-7-g-z again for a given value of zt y ") ranges from 0 to (. < 3'd segment.fao dpap . m: Io*:o :180". 5. :2. r varies from 0 to (. so.+ { Now there is only one remaining variable z thatranges from have the volume integral of the function as v : fo so*(i* .rd. [d. (Q 5 z 180") p < 0) (d: and dl: and dl: d. So y-integral will be: rt-l-z) Jre t .0 < p < 5) and dl: [d. So we . : III r d.z : [[ zo* a*aaa" The surface of the tetrahedron will have a slope So.* Vector Analysis where the route is broken into segments numbered 1 to 3 as shown in figure below: 1"' segment . Volume integral of the function is given by .5 .1- z). m tr 3o') 180') is :ff+o*o : 1[ : 6.)o. (6:30". [n dI: fupsin|dp :o (d: Therefore. for a given value integral will be r* Y-l z :-I of y and z.4 around the path L can be given as f d. The circulation of . the circulation of vector field along the edge I d' Correct JT". z:2.*\$)* - 1 to 0.1 -yr(r-v- z) and r JoO.25 .25units is 0. 2"d segment : (p : dpap 25 at: f'psin|dp : I'goo : T z:2.-!#:eJ# \. 30" <d< so.at:([*[*1. :l+ .Page 54 Chap I Correct answer is 6.

2. the total outward flux through the closed cylindrical surface will be only due to the field component in ao direction(flux through the curved surfaces) which is given as f n . The net outward flux through the closed cylindrical surface will be summation of the fluxes through the top(in a.s :9u-*. direction).:30[€ *i.5664 . ot : I:.e.A)du Divergence-of vector Ais v.as : [(o .. the vector field has no z-component so.o.S'". According to divergence theorem surface integral of a vector field over a closed surface is equal to the volume integral of its divergence inside the closed region: i.3274 .] f a'4 o :2XrX2:4tr:12.18 Correct answer is 12.ITf)bd.* *o. f n. Page 55 Chap =ao[o**-1*#] :30 x -#: *: o'u sot- 1. 1 P'cos'|1" az1 -= l":f' l.o

=t' )@ At p:r. direction) and the curved surfaces(in oo direction) as shown in the figure.5664 tol 1.6d.z).A : iS{oo. d.19 Correct answer is 25L. o.fili_. : i&Ofnp + 2psin2g)) + i*\$@"in2g)+ :8+4sin2d*2cos(2/)*6 : 8 + 4sin2 d * So bhe surface integral is 2cos2 \$ - 2sin2 1 Vector Analysis \$* 6 : 16 firca .2.0d4]ll'd. Since. Therefore.l*i&o.. the outward flux through the top and bottom surfaces will be zero. bottom(in .

s:. ds : .4. : : Fe : lFrl [ r(cos6 .l l*l : lcosdcos/ sind cc.2\$ 1-1ir givcn lrtv:t{.e \$0L {.r Page 56 Chap fd 1 .r* oJr[' ie . The relationship between cartesian and spherical co-ordinates is .: lll oe) pd.f)- tA .pd.r) d.3 .yd.sin/)(sindcos/)* r(sin0sin/)(cos/+sin@) rsin d r(cos Q - sin /)(cos 0 cos Q)* r(cos @ * sin @)cos d sin / . {c.e. According to stoke's theorem. i.gdz : Vector Ana\$sis rc [' pdp ['16 ['ar: Jo"Jo Jo : 80zr :251.n :^ltl'*alZ*t -"[4Jn'"1 3 -rnl' 4]. I (v /) a. * (cos d * sin /) or] Now we transform the vector field from cartesian system to spherical system lnl Isindcos/ singsin@ cosdll41 cosdsin@ -'i"ollr. x G)d. r: rsin9cosd.r fir:i{i.t [' f'-' t aua.* (cos6* sin@) an] ^t : r[(cos d .sin@) a.3274 16 x2x T 2x b- NOTE: irrrtglal.o)*'[(tf . : SoL 't"2"1t u(+ .m: Ir.: ^ft 1f+7.i)l: 7 units Correct answer is 2.s@ 0l[4 j F.sin /) o.ll -ara"au : I' I' o d. JrJ m: f(v x c)ds Curl of the vector field is Vx G:-6ta" and the differential surface vector dS : drdy(.a") So the line integral of the given vector field is f c. u : 6 a [' Jo t rd. line integral of a vector function along a closed path is equal to the surface integral of its curl over the surface defined by the closed path. Correct answer is 7. rsind : rEW : A: rsin9sinf We put these values in the given expression of vector field as n /r +qllsn trn _Jrltaf r 2-n-to'*lq] t+f 12-'' : #ry[(cos/ .r.

\$)a. rao) The differentiai line vector in the cartesian coordinate svstem is dl : so.O < d < 2n) 2n :- 6. Correct answer is 42.2sb2 rrinocosodfid. (for r:2. 0 < will be : & 1.* rcos9asa ra* The diff'erential surface r.6a. we transform the function in spherical system as.rctor over the surface 5z is dS : rsin0dddra : and the surface ^9: is defined in the region 0 3 r < 2.1fr.au+ ['ay. /)(- sin F : rsinla.0 So. 2r :2rsin9cosd ..3"x3 :4o# :7.s:fzydr+[s. :2.3.a.2.* field.: Fo : rcos0 Page 57 - r(cos Q :T i. *.3 3oL is r:2. surface integral through out the surface I P' Js. 0 = 0 S 2r. The vector function in spherical form a^s *l @t r: 2) calculated in previous question is : F : rsinfla. { r ot : I" I" (r#1rrsin0d0dft):set- '!.23 Q <2r [tn" r'"in'0.0<O So the surface integral over the outer spherical surface is ."2gdn = *lr.ay: 6x7:42units sot.au y: ^/.16 "fi f.34 Correct answer is -6.12 put So.2812 Correct answer is 0. dro.2552.t"e\$ I Vector Analysis The differential surface vector over the surface d. I dyao* dza" {d. the surface integral of the field over the surface is : ^92 I r ' as : I' I" sot- 1.S @ + sin /)cos (fr.y in the line irrtegral tq[r. As the integral is to be determined in spherical volurne so.'id I'. and the surface 5i is defined in the region as : [" Jo : ^91 < d < 30'.276 :2. Chap @ 8 Correct answer is7. Given the vector A :3(Aa.]? I. 0 30" So. : f sin?dfrd. m: f'ny..2832 Given the vector field " F :r+c9s22 a" f':so' 2cos2a and the differential surface vector over the outer spherical surface is dS : (lsin0d0d. we r:2A' and dr: The given curve is.* sin @) * r(cos rcos0a6a yq. 4Ed.3927 .e.

2.[t])Jg . ['i.Be2T r\$t- '1"?.Page 58 Chap and so.?"a? 0<6<rf2atp:) Correct answer is _0.+.n ?2") J.d.eaalf : .t' :71 3 It .:. {. 0<032natp:l l i I i . dI :- at :_ the contour integral is Correct answer is _g.at6:rl2 dpap f . :r*I"ft):2x#:+:o. the ratio of the contour integral is fn.. f' oecosr/2)(d..t ' at :l[+ I+ I]to .141 e f .f."oro] "i. : t:2u. at:[']{oab):ex and for the contour So.(odd):_2t Therefore. contour integral of the field vector is evaruated in 3 segments as shown below (1) In Segment So.' l)'' ?rine"osg)(rsin0d.it (2) : dt pddaa ld. at :f".1667 . : 03p<2. f.I : _ pdeaa . a{1*.p) :o drl: (z+n)units 0<d32ratp:J pddao 2tr:r8tr C2 d.tgJ':_9 lt.2a : b.**i Correct answer is 5.a.141 .at rT_:. So : dl 0<p<2atg:g dpa. In segment so. we have the integral f Vector Analysis I : r l=. at : f###BOT_TEXT###quot;o'dao : ("*o)[4].yl:'rsingtrz z..to*l: 2[o].rd0dft) : z[['r a.at : L'. In segment so. For the given contour dl so. t.a..]f^1"'' .

n:(l*[*[*l)r. So.1667 L t.)(au):o tr:zrU:I dl : dna.'{-fyo" : [+]. the net circulation of force .:- Y:z'tr:\ d.dyau..) :[gl:^*t+]' :]++ :8 So. For segment (3) we have So.tL :* .dxa. I' re 0<r<1 d4 :[-\$]: :-+ I: Z:0 dl : dAas. 0 < r< 1. Y:2:0 dI :.n:f\-. For segment 2 we have.round the closed path is fr. : tI i Page 59 Chap I For segment 1 we have.m: For segment 4 we have. ' 3 f r.l dzo. m:['ta.i The line integral (circulation) of force F around the closed path can be divided in four sections as shown below. u: ['{_o){_dil+ I efl?a.gg1 .2s I Vector Analysis r!'- Correct answer is 21.2. The Iine integral (Circulation) of vector field .4 around the closed path can be divided into four segments as shown in figure below : t-2lrr:/ ." :-\$+o-3*8:-*:-0.F a.d.I :.. o<g<1 [r. so. Ir . So. -t..0 < z<1 Ir.+1.zo.

0<g<1 m: [\-*)@e) : r:zrY:L d.1667 Correct answer is 21. The line integral (Circulation) of vector field A around the closed path can be divided into four segments as shown in figure below : For segment 1.t_ :t-':-3 o"o" [r. A ! tl 't F r F ( Itl So. ::. :-+ o .l: d." closed force :-|+ .The line integral (circulation) of force F around the closed path can be divided in four sections as shown below. i.Uau. 0<r<1 dl:-dro.:d.-[.]i i: For segment 4 we have.m: For segment 2 we have. I b fr. \$' t ir 6 n ft so.. fr. a: l't-n){-ay1+ f'FflFa') :8 : : [4].m-['ia'+[... For segment (3) we have I' re tu) tr: z:0 dl. Page 59 Chap 1 Vector Analysis \ ! U: z:0 For segment 1 we have. 0 < r< I. So.3*3 is :-*:- 0.'?tryo.[4].991 .. :[-+].0 < z<l l. ]*] path J| around the the net circulation of f r-m:({*[*[*l)r. Ir So' . 6:0. z:0 .. So. u.zs o [r. :[+]..ra"* dzo.

z:0 d. : [d.9gl . It . il:l@sin6)d.. at 0 - a' : 7T *********** :2) -2<p<-r o<4<n : I" p. l<p<2 (d: 0) d. the net circulation of the vector is : o<Q<n : 2|.at:([*F[+[)d.p:s For segrnent P:2.(-pdb) :-ld][ :-n + 8zr* (P (6: ") f d. [n. p :1. [n. 41 : f" o'(odd) :8[dH : For segment 3 Q:r. z:O dl : pdbaa 2 so.at 0 8?r dp) Therefore.I : pdfi(_ a6) so.I so.pao. z:o so. 6 : [-'prin|)(-0 For segment 4.Page 60 Chap 1 Vector Analysis d.

lr ti \$! .3 Page 61 ehaF I Vector Analysis L 13.3.'.3 -. \$ r As the angle between the two vectors is o. Given the vector field has the only component in aa direction and its magnitude is r so as r increa"se from origin to the infinity field lines will be larger and directed along ap as shown irr option (A).1 ir fi !.perpendicular to A as shown in the figure. (D) are the properties of vector product' Now we check the relation defined in option (C).t: Ax (Bx C) *i hl 1i' lr' :.S.r Option (A) is correct. Options (A). of the relation.. the given relation is incorrect' This inequality can be explained by considering vector A: B and C . According to right hand rule we determine that (B x C) points out of the page and so A x (B x C) points down that has magnitude ABC ' 'A But in L.4xIl):g (AxB)XC:0 (AxB)xC:0+Ax(BxC) A:B Fti i a ii.rrilox\$'1 . since : B So u'e have and hence Therefore (.sote.H.2 Option (C) is correct. So component of vector A along B is . Option (B) is correct. @xq !i: {' :. : (cos cr)A . i' fr. I l-3. (B). Consider the two vectors A and B as shown below. Since the triple cross product is not associative in general so.4. \$i f.

8 Option (A) is correct. sol 1.ngle between the two vectors is defined as I cose Vector Analysis so. : (ffi ffi)*.t.r.5 : A. sor.3"? Option (A) is correct. \ Options (A). \$oL Option (C) is correct.3"4 1.(ffi ffi)"": o So the curl of the gradient of any scala.(# - #)". (B) and (C) are properties of V operator where as : Option (A) is correct.'JB A1 o. \$ot.12 ***'k******* 1 I l l .ln :--Br Option (D) is correct. \$gL stlt . So the gradient of the field is yv :***** or oy oz and the curl of the gradient of the field is [o' q o"l 6 El vx(vn:l#fr#l l-a. sol 1.:(w)o t .{"3.1{ Option (C) is correct.r field is zero everywhere. Consider V is a scalar field.3-6 Option (A) is correct.3. a 1"3. \$sL 1.3. \$0L 1"3.9 Option (B) is correct.3"{o Option (C) is correct.Page 62 Qhap cosine of the a.

l : \$fr{*r.4..\$oLUTIONS 1. m: II"(.+ ['f z. x A). m: !["v.. Divergence of . d :90' B.- So. A : rUax+ r'ou Differential displacement along any path in the r-y plane is defined a-s dI : dra. (try:-a. V:YxA .at : 3. as Option (D) is correct.r+ : ['/f *a.A as : \$Sf* d.A. the line integral of the vector A along the closed square loop is giverr as f d' m : f"@uo..yar) : \$(rud.u) r Option (B) is correct. i. where / at point ao : (..e.4 3 I Page63 chapr Vector Analysis sol. at point C. * (cos/)an is angle formed with r-axis. Of.(z) where C is a closed path (contour) and 5c is the surface area of the loop.1l +\$rr . J2 45" b -' b .ra.sin/)a.2 n*2:0 n:-2 Option (C) is correct. the vector. Q :90'*45' : So.+].4. i. d.:-lo.a*+ I'tor* I'tron : +l+.* d.4:0t =k(n*2)f-L:0 So.s .fl+ -*1..') :4h+2\r*l (Given. Given. (d. . .4o.*p .4.V.* dAou (since..4 fd. The transformation of unit vector a4 in Cartesian coordinate system gives the result.3 12 d.4 in spherical coordinates is given Y . dz:Oi So.4. 6 :- a-3 135' J2. t.(i) According to Stoke's theorem the line integral of a vector along a closed looir is equal to the surface integral of the curl of the vector for the loop. [d.* 12 ar) . Flom equation (1) and (2) we get t 1. sol- {. Given. at Point o.{ Option (A) is correct.

FAt

\-7 .4-6 .ti + p') : 0 t-#+p2:o tC:/T+7 t*SYli I . So' Qd:Qv 0ption (B) is correct. the field I/ sinhrcoskgep" satisfies Laplace's equation. .dv\-7 Q'v *d'Y -uO -1 ."t. \$0L 1"4." 6h:d2v : Ti p2sinhrcoskyep.ql/: "os'(ffi]: Similarly..^r_uun -.ir1.'.): V ))r .'..*h".'i. -u dz' d2v : uAf 'l sinhrcoskgee" a2v #sinhrcosktte.1. the Laplacian of the field v2v I/ is given as 01./_10\rnt' _ : -T1 A7\ . Putting all the values in equation (1). i1:r.1 f :ir: -:i.. So.a2v r -r=--r oft dr dlr Now..: ' tt...uir.n.t' . we get //I _ . we get (sinh rcos kyee")(L .a2v.So. . *IAa.{.* 10a.r *&i.1. electric field intensity at point P is E :Ija.) is -'l 1q:\-"^"-r/-L\ cos (6) '/-l-\ \_/3) Option (C) is correct. rre consider the option (C) The scalar field is v:+ So. we have V2y :0 azv. So.? E and with r-axis (a. . Page 64 Chap I Vector Analysis : or ho.r.i. Given. Q :0" at point D. faplace equation is defined as v2V :A Now.' : cos ttA'Bt \_Af / and B is defined as ) Given.rj. AV(Ai )-7 a6ld7101 _10 _LA /.e.1. The angle between two vector fields . tt". the solution of a Laplaces equation is 7: i. the angle formed between the field e:cos rl E'n" \ \T'. Option (C) is correct.tt .

4.l t: i"l :0 i&(. So. fi"l Option (A) is correct.IA2V. : r"/2 Jo'- nadao+ r-R J"-" at1-".*r. rt l.. Option (D) is correct.l.. not rotational). So.3 I/. Option (A) is correct. it is irrotational (i. u_ 1. the divergence of vector . A : Jiaza. 1. we get -.e.aaha.e.e.)+ t'l. 1 Vector Analysis A:2rcosdq VO For the given contour we integrate the field in three intervals as . Given vector field.r il. we determine the curl of vector as Vx A:O since. I o' : (I"* I"* I")* i t. A:6ryz-2+0 Therefore.10 Option (A) is correct. The Laplacian of a scalar function is divergence of gradient of sol.* f zar+ So. The given curve is divided in three segments AB. the curl of the wector is zero so. Laplacian of a scalar function is given v2V : v Chap as .#(#)*#=o Option (D) is correct. Laplace equation is defineil as y2V So. v2v+o it Page 65 dciebn't satisfy Laplace's equation.. the vector fielld. it is neither divergence less and hor solenoidal Now. Given. :ERur_2Rq_Er"r :-zRa.4. . Laplacian of a scalar field y in cylindrical coordinates v2V_LAI^AV\. (vy) :div(gradtr/) i. )'VAF d7 Since.#).4 is (f y - 2z) a" V . the total integral is given as BC and cD respectively.A2V * - is given by naol'.

. Laplacian of a scalar fi'eld i.. Option (D) is correct. l L \i: i I {I |. we determine the curl of vector as V X .o. (vy) :div(sradl/) i. the total integral is given as BC and.i l :IRur_2&ao_\$n"r :.to Option (A) is correct.* f A zau+ (f y _ 2z) a" So. The Laplacian of a scalar function is divergence of gradient of L r.y*}ry -Vaol'r)*VdF* vzv i y Option (A) is conect.)+ t'r. So. I E p. the curl ofthb vbctor is zero so. the vector field. Laplace equation is defined as : : it _10 1^0v1. not rotational).na4o. :0 since. Given. r.v2v l. i] i: so. the divergence of vector .e.A:GWz-2* 0 Therefor€.i I l ffi : [)'' na4or+ !i-'at1.#). j:: ! .e.4 is V . we '1. rrrr is irrotational (i. \$1 t1' it +0 Page 65 dciebn't satis\$r Laplace's equation. r. I o' : (I"* I"* I")" S* l. :0 get i&(.4. Given vector field. : Bfyza. Laplacian of a scalar function is given Chap as y2V: V . * wl* tr..24..4-9 z. So. The given curve is divided in three segments AB. a For the given contour we integrate the field in three intervals as . tA.e. it is neither divergence less and hor solenoidal Now.rz in cylindrical coordinates is given by a7 y2V "!? il. cD respectively. Option (A) is correct. I Vector Analysis A :2rcosda.i(#)*#:o Option (D) is correct.zfia! i. Since.

t.dra. (V Q):O Y'4:0 It is Laplace equation.4.ts Option (B) is correct.ra.'{2r"os\$)d'r+ofrcosd)dr -C--i|- : : zltl' [Zlo -' sol i. -(-" . f n m: l.* Io. -' B)rIu ::o ! n. B to be solenoidal For a vector field V 'B:0 It. d. I vectorAnalvsis : d.t6 @ (c div div(@) : - 1) s v '(v ' 6):0 is a scalar quality so its divergence is not defined' (d -.14 sol t. (d) As sor.'a.F) V . the closed looP integral is f a. As by observing the given figure we conclude that the closed circular quadrant is in r-y plane and it's segments are .ra.- .:z(\$):n .3) div Grad (d) : 0 (") (") Curl (. s: ['a. as \$oL 1.) " : a"+(-a"):o Option (A) is correct. (. So. ) Option (A) is correct.4"i{ tuha. : o It gives the result that -F is irrotational (a -+ 2) div (r) : 6 (b) It gives the result that F is solenoidal' (b .4. PQ :2d'6ao QO : d.+ liho+ * rk rk t< *<:k * X * {<:f [. Option (B) is correct. (o" an)+(anx a. OP .ra.* Io. 1"4.page66 Chap .

although they have finite volume considered as a single charge. t. it is said to be surface charge distribution. \$. the point charges are denote{ by q. ir i! Point Charge Point charges are very small charges assumed to be of infinitesimally small volume. which determines their electromagnetic interaction. The charge per unit area over the surface is called the surface charge density. In generar. an electron is considered to be a point charge and has a charge of 1.. as described below. The main objective of this chapter is to provide detailed concepts of electrostatics. It is denoted by p1 and. as shown in Figure 2.*A0 iLryoLT: di pL where AQ is small charge.rt Surface Charge when a charge is confined to the zurface of a conductor. The chargg'per unit length along the line cha.6 x 10-1e Coulombs (C)._==* z1 =. Q or Line Charga / This is a charge distribution in which the charge is distributed along a line like a filament. F rr \$.1(a). They include: o Fundamental concept of electric charges and charge distributions r o o r o o FC' Coulomb's law and its applications Electric field intensity due to various charge distributions Gauss's law and concept of Gaussian surface Potential functions and potential gradient Energy stored in electrostatic fields Electric Dipoles and dipole moment ELECTRIG GHARGE ti. GHARTERS ELEGTROSTATIG FIELDS INTRODUCTION Electrostatic fields are produced by charges at rest. as shown in Figure 2. The idealisation here is that the whole charge is e concentrated at a point. and defined as .defined as dQ ^ :_. It is denoted by p. The SI unit of electric charge is Coulomb. For example. Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles. and AZ is small hngth.rge is called line charge density.1(b). In electrostatic formulations charges have four types of idealisations.

*r (c) (b) Fieure 2.1 : #!#:(e x ro'g) ('. p 2.rrlt Similarlv.:9942-4 4neo]rr. the electrostatic force F between the two point cha. It is denoted by p. then the force acting on charge Qz due to charge Q1 is p. The charge per unit volume in the region is called volume charge density.rges Qr and Q2 separated by a distance fi.+ * ++++ (") ' .. :4fuffo^o where anrz is a unit vector directed from Q1 to Qt. Chap 2 : ]tvrils: oo9 where AQ is small charge. (c) Volume Charge Distribution 2. and defined as o. If two charges have the position vectors 11 and 12.Page 6E o. is given by .. e " is the relative permittivity 12 of medium. as shown in Figure 2'2(b).3. it is said to be the volume charge distribution.. as shown in Figure 2. Electrostatic Fields ++t+ + +P".*+++'+ .3 GOULOilIB'S LAW According to Coulomb's law.2. (b) Surface Charge Distribution. and Au is small volume. force exertedby Q.4r€ R2 .0AU dU ao where AQ is small charge.1: Various Charge Distributions (a) Line Charge Distribution.I QrQz. 2.4 Volume Charge when the charge is being distributed within a certain defined region. and eo : 8'854 x 10 F/m is the permittivity in free space' In free space..: hmS. and AS is small area.2(a). on Q1 is .1(c). The force exerted by Qt on Qz is r.Y) Vector Form of Coulomb's Law Consider the two point charges Q1 and Qz wlth separation distance -B as shown in Figure 2. respectively.I Q'Qz ' .4n€o€' R2 where e is the absolute permittivity of medium.:S .

) f igrl"r:2.E : lim{ q-o Q E:Lq or simply It is seen that the electric field intensity is in the same direction as the force and is expressed in Newton per coulomb (N/c) or vort per meter (v/-).n) +"to?. Qr...F then the electric field intensity in the region is defined as .r" l' ELEGTRIG FIELD INTENSITY Electric field intensity is defined as the force per unit charge when placed in the field. T.4 .. 4neslrl Page 69 ... Qr.. (b) Electrostatic Force in terms of Position Vectors tft Principle of Superposition If there is a number of charges Qr.fnI Origin i... Q.i.Q.l il.rl" 4ne olr ._ F..4.."f 1 s... :#^ry*21: QrQr(rt.(r.zt . If a point charge g placed in a field experiences a force .(rtreolr .) .Tn the\.. r is using the principal of superposition the electric field intensity at point given as * Qr@-rr) * ""' _r er@-r^) treolr.Fz.nn*zan If n point charges Qr... 2.rl' Chap 2 Electrostatic Fi.elds Y.QQ.:&2T# 2...R from the charge is given by Q E: ...Qr.Tz r. be located at points r1...Qr(r-r') 4rcolr . ...T2.. placed at points with position vectors Tr. respectively. Qr(r.) .rr) . then the resultant force F on a charge e located at point r is the vector sum of the forces exerted on Q by each of the charges Qr.. .^-)ffi... AQr&P 4 F".7. Qn.r.r') ' ---T-T---T- 4treulr .. fr{ B:. p _ QQ..e.rrlt ' ATioV.n l..r.. ' - .L Electric Field Intensity due to a Point Charge The electric field intensity due to a point charge Q at a distance .2: Illustration of Coulomb's Law: (a) Force Representation in Vector Form....QQr(r...

2).1) for some special cases' Electric Field Intensity due to a Finite Straight Line Charge consider the finite straight line charge .(v/*) ..3.cosor)ao"'(2'2) E }'igr:rcr 2.2 Electric Field Intensity due to a Line charge Distribution Consider a line charge distribution with charge density pr. point A is located at (z: @) and B at (z:-oo).1) where r is the distance of point P from the small segment of line charge.Intensity due to a small segmerrt of Line charge Let us generalize equation (2. r and o" is the unit vector along r directed towards point P. for an infinite line charge. So. The net electric field intensity at point P due to the finite straight line charge is given try E : #.Page 70 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 2. f ig.5.. as shown in Figure 2. we get E : t#.4.48 shown in Figure 2.u|e 2. (11 : Tl and Qz: 0 Substituting these values in Eq (2. The circular ring of . The electrii field intensity due to the entire line charge is .4. : Electric Field Intensity due to a Finite Straight Line Charge Electric Field Intensity due to an Infinite Straight Line Charge As a special case of the above expression.(2.E(sinor - sina2)a"+ ffi(ctsoz .R or Electric Field Iutensity due to a Charged Circular Ring Consider the charged circular ring shown in Figure 2.4. :#dI *f ".ll : Electric Field.

5 a"s .radius a carries a uniform charge pr. the electric field intensity at any point defined where 2..3) !. This vector field is called electric flux density and given by Page 7f Cte 2 Electrostatic Fblds .^l *f"...cf m and-is placed o. is a unit vector normal to the sheet and directed toward point P. Then. Tfe net electric field intensity at point p due to the charged circular ring is given by pyaha" D " -- r 2otr1"*.Y li'igure 2.4) a. . we define a new vector field D which is independent of the medium.6 shows a body with surface charges. Let p. ELEGTRIC FLUX DENSITY As the electric field intensity is dependent on the medium.(2.(i: Electric Field Intensity due to a surface charge Distribution Electric Field Intensity due to an Infinite Sheet Charge For an infinite sheet of charge.:h^ p is ..3 Electric Field Intensity due to surface charge Distribution Figure 2.ir: Electric Field Intensity due to a Cha.n the 4r-plane with axis the same aa the z-axis. the electric field intensity due to the entire surface 'charge is given by F"lgrrrr' ':.(2.rged Circular Ring 2-4. be the surface charge density in Cfrnz.

with the corresponding Gaussian surface.D :9oE Page 72 Electric flux density is also called electric displacement vector.e. 2.r Gauss' law is applicable for electric field computation. 2.as by r where dS is the surface area vector directed normal to the surface. The Gaussian surface must satisfy the following two conditions : 1.. leaving Inas: Js 2. Differential Form: In differential form. o. *--6o'ils:Q"o"r*"a .d. i. Ihtegral Form: The Gauss's Law can be expressed.5.u where p" is the volume charge density. 2.6. Ieaving r{.rious charge configurations . in integral form as fo. in C/m2 Chap 2 Electroetitic Fields It is measured 2.r Thp D and E freld lines are constant over the surface : This condition means that D is independent of the position on the surface and hence can be removed from the integral. the Gauss's law states that the electric flux passing through any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by that surface.d.6 GAUSS'S LAW In Electrostatics.T*Ji3"ffi Following table provides some examples . the Gauss's Law is defined as Y'D--p.Js This expression can be generalized in the following two forms: 1.s:Ip. Table 2.1: Gaussian surfaces for va.1 Gaussian Surface The closed surface to which Gauss' law is applied is known as Gaussian surface.1 Electric Flux The total electric flux passing through a surface S is given t:Io.^"ro". The D and E freld lines are normal to the chosen surface : This condition removes the dot product from the integral.

2 Potential Gradient The rate of change of potential with respect to the distance is called the potential gradient.Following are some important properties of equipotentiar surfaces: Page Z3 .:."". ar lh where I. :_ ...7. This relatio" #. It is defined as yn. Fo'owing are sorre important points related to potential difference.2.. : i% "* # "'] n 2.r coordinate system: 2 cyrindricar ". 2.4. Chry2 Electrostatic Fields . The electric potential at a point is aennei'rs ihe *ork'done to bring a unit positive from.7 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL .ff.4 and B is the work done to bring a unit positive charge from poinf B to point .1 Potential Difference : The potential difference between two points . 2.4 is the final point. Electric fierd is equal to negative ofpotentiar gradient.7.e. The unit of electric potJntial is Joule per"9u: Coulomb (J/C) or Volt. ...3 :-[#w*l% *.Lk # :% "* as ""1 3 sphericar .as represents the potential difference between the two points such that B is the initiar point and .*u#*] Equipotential Surfaces Equipotentiar surface is a surface with equal value of potentiar at every point on the surface..7. i.[. infinity to that point. Cartesian"u.T["0 for the three coordinate systems 1.J.

.8.Pr..V+ w :|fa..L Energy Stored in a Region with Discrete Charges consider a region with n point charges Q.'. + Q*v*f Energy Stored in a Region with continuous charge Distribution If.ar'6416rdth uniforml :'::'':: *.vat Surface charge distribution W 3..6s Electrostatic Fields 2... 2.. If the total electrostatic potential at the points Pr. The electrostatic energy in different charge distributions are determined below. The electrostatic energy for line.. the energy stored in the charge system is given bY or 2.. .fu *hi*p.gtti:mn.t pst region. Q2. the summation becomes integration....':.{.... niii*Ai*roS..or..9. :. instead of point charges....':fur'.. located at points h.2 w : r[Q.'.. Then. the region has a continuous charge distribution.. Then.. 1f : iJrpsVdS Volume charge distribution w where pr.Pn respectively...V.: :::: line charge or a cylinder with unifom : ENERGY STORED IN ELECTROSTATIG FIELD Electrostatic energy is defined as the energy required to establish the given charge distribution in space.. 2...u QzV* . p"vdu pt alte the charge density and V is the electric potential in the Electrostatic Enerry in terms of Electric Field Intensity with continuous charge distribution.Pr.\$:...4 :aiCI No work is t"qoit"a to r. :.. :|l 1f : iJ.V...Q. Line charge distribution w 2.Page 74 3..na..Pn be respectively V... the In a certain region electrostatic energy stored in the system is given by w:|l o.4:\$ehr\$a& s.w\$. surface and volume charge distributions are given below : 1...:l:\$\$. and the electric flux density is D.eqi4\$ { .3 o. Chap 2 4.. assume that the electric field intensity is E..8.

E):!u.9."0.9. 2. Figure 2. 2. The electrostatic potential at point p due to the dipole is given by where p is the dipole moment.. Flom the above expression.7 : (a) Electric Dipole.) :i@ .q and separated by a small distance d.2 Electric Potential due to a Dipole Consider a point P located at a distance r from the dipole as shown irr Figure 2.ql *'krF*******x Page 7b Electrostatic Fields . (b) Illustration 2.3 Electric Field Intensity due to a Dipole Electric fierd intensity at point p due to the dipole is obtained as E:-YV : #r1f2cosoa. i.r ). .e. It is a vector quantity and denoLd by p.7(b). -g -q *q (u) (b) Figr.9. The line along the direction of dipole moment is called the axis of the dif..* sinr.ole. we define the electrostatic energy density in the region as u=#:*(il Chap 2 ". p:qd where d is the vector joining the negative charge to the positive charge.1 Electric Dipole of Electric Field due to a dipole Moment The dipole moment is defined as the product of the small charge g and the distance d between the charges.9 Elecrnlc DtpoLE An electric dipole is formed when two point charges of equal magnitude but opposite sign are separated by a small distance.R 2.7 shows an electrir: dipole with charges *.

nce d from the 36 c cha^rge which makes the entire system in equilibrium.4a.I.0.rge distribution produces the electric field intensity E :2rUa.8a.284oo + I'4a. 3.2a.1) wiII be (B) e6a" (A) 0 (D) Atreoau (C) -eoa.rge density 3 nC/m3 plane sheet of charge density lnCfm2 at r-y plane field doesn't exist An infinite line cha.4a.z) in free space is E . iltco 2.004a".re located on z-axis at a separation of 3 m.1. A third point cha..2a" - (B) 7.7.* 1.and 2m iltcQ 2. Cornmon Data For Q.l.004 a. (D) + 1. (D) -2a..7.1. Electric field due to the line charge at point (.nd Lm (C) 4C.4a.(D) -4C and 1m (A) 4C a. .{ Two point cha.{. (.rge g is placed on the r-axis at a dista. Electric'field intensity at any point (r.5 ? ? infinite Iine charge of.rges of 9 c and 36 c a.*t4. - 2) 1) will be (A) . 6 and 7 : ia.y.2.2 consider that the point charges -5 nc and *2 nc are located at and (.1. (C) -7.a.64.284au+I.4a.+2ryan : Volume charge density in the free space in spherical coordinate system is given by ^:l!"'^' 0<r<3m r) 3m .2nClm along r-axis spherical shell of cha.EXERCI\$E 2.4 MCO 2.8) respectively The net electric field inteniity at point (.l. . The electric flux density at the point (.004a.0.5) will be (L) 2.284an + L.re (b) -4C and 2m . (C) .b. .1 Page 76 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields MCQ 2.1.004a.4'0. (B) 1.284au * r.4a.! 4gzar*6rza"Y lm (A) (B) (C) (D) incQ 2"1.1. The value of q and d a.3 Which of the following cha.1.rge of 1pc/m is located on the z-axis.3. * l.

2 r: 1m is Electric flux density at r (il t"'c/^' - 1 0 Electrostatic Fields m is (B) a"C/m' (Q) tra.c/^. aC/m2 A point charge 8 c is located at the origin.Cfm2 lllcQ 2. 10 to 12 (B) # (D) af : Charge density inside a hollow spherical shell of rad.rt In a certain (D) region the electric flux density is Volume charge density in the region (A) 0Clm3 (c) Tg \$'o+ c/m3 will o:Y*+ffio.8 ZI Ctap 2 Page -r'c (B) (D) (D) ".t.1. The total electric flux r* A :2 m lying in the first oCtant is (A) lc (B) 4c (C) lclm (D) a c/m the portibn of plane crossing : ifcQ 2't's A uniform volume charge density nClmt is distributed inside the region defined by a cylindrical surface of cross eectional radius a. be @) (D rylc/mg #c/n' .{o 4m centered at 2 rurz for2l-r<4 \ 7'> The Electric field intensity at any point in the region (A) .ty /m (B) -4 y/^ (c) r: r< 2 will be 0 (D) zv /m i/rcQ Itrco 2.t.ti Electric field intensity at (e) shq (c) #q r: B will (s) 2't'12 If the region outside the spherical electric field intensity at r: b ? (a) be *q (o) *q shell is charge free then what will be the #q (B) n dc0 ts (c) 3[4"" McQ 2.t.MGQ 2.".t.{. The electric field intensity at a distance r (< a) from the cylindrical axis is proportional to (A) " Q)# Commol Data For Q.6 Net electric flux crossing the surface (A) atr C (C) 2rC itcq 2.ius origin is defined as forr < [0 o':14"1^t lf ". * . scQ 2..

14 nx*& 3"1. 14 and 15 : In the entire free space electric potential is given by Page 78 Chry 2 Electrostatic Fields v Nqro& ?"'1. .314.14.0) sindap] The force applied by the dipole on a charge of + !-. * 0.948a" nC f m2 (D) 7.0) (D) (0.67.Qd ul2cos'ga.0.{"{\$ lr/here r >>d e located at point (0. * 35.5a"PC1^" (B) 62.0. | 22.71.6a"' Electric field at point P(3.7a. Electric flux density at point P will be (A) 31.48anV/m (D) -3o. * 4a.17.Electric field due to the dipole at any po\nt (r.0) ncf m' Plane 3r* 4y:O carries a uniform charge distribution with ps:2 The'electric field intensity at point (1'0.*22'8ar-Zt.l2. .1'0'0) Two equal point charges of *|nC each are located at points point charge of ana (t.t7'4au * 35'6a" (C) 3.64.Common Data For Q.!a" PC I ^' f{es 2"'1.4a.1\$ Me& 2.o) iespectirref.1. .0.Y f m loop Electric field intensity at a distance 3 m above the center of a circular ofradius4mlyinginthe4t-planeandcarryingauniformlinecharge *2nClm as shown in the figure is . y.2.095a. (.AauY f m (C) 3a.1S : rf t +th@ +zf +t*) .0.0) (A) (.1. .Qis lying along r-axis such that * Q is ?I ::^dl? in ati:.d.1.!*€3 of equal and opposite 1 @)m"" Q)##".3.'!.3) will be (B) 67'85o" * 90'48orV/m (A) .b.arges and . .1S An electric dipole consists of two point ch.0.\$) spherical coordinate sYstem is given bY E : '. .1) will be (B) 3'6o' lI!' ao. .44.0X at 0 +{i nC such ihat the net electric field E: (B) (0. What wiil be the position of third (0.8a" *202an.629a"tCfrlt2 (C) .Q is magnitudel.ia"' (D) 2'2a. * 1014.+ffion 2.304a.90.8o.8a'o .35'6o'' (L) 7.* Aireof L IS (^) ##"" e)#".0) (c) (3.'l? r4*& 2"*.

Y lm lm A dipole having a moment p : T€oa. E.(A) 21.86o.fh"r" is v(r).23 The electric potential will be maximum at (A) infinity (C) at r:-2 Hcq 2't's4 (B) origin (D) r:* 2 Potential difference between the spherical surfaces (A) 1/2 volt (C) l/s volt r:0 and r:2 will be (B) l volt (D) 1/a voh Cornmon Data For Q. at alr points except origin the electric field produce due to the dipole is given by E then surface on which 0 bttt 8./ . Eu + 0 will be rce Page 79 : E" e.21 10.72a. consicler the electric potential at a distance r from the centre of the . (B) a cone of angle 12b.S. * Eo a.{.86c.V (B) 10. at all points except origin (D) 0.25 to 27 A uniforinly charged solid sphere of radius . If * E. -t HCQ ?".aa Chap 2 consider a point charge Q is located at the origin.1.26 HCQ 2. z HCe 2". plot of V(r) versus r will be v(r) v(r) (A) (B) .72a. at all points (c) +1.: E:ffiyo.. a.8" (D) none of these An infinite line charge * l nC/m is lying along entire z-axis. If the electrir potential at the point (1.R has the total charge e.z) will be (A) rs(r"(j)) f.!.!"?5 Electrostatic Fields For r ) -8. V/m (D) 72a.86o" V/m 27.* (C) 10. at all points (B) +1.O.Z' (C) (") and (b) both :. vou ro rel \$r"(|) ('r s+u'(*) Common Data For Q. HCQ 2".2) due to the line charge is zero then the electric potential at any point (p.C-m is located at origin in free space.d) in free space is given by I .N.: (A) a cone of angle b4. 28 and 24 : Electric field at any point (r. Divergence of the electric flux density produced by the charge is (A) 0.2r/2.

r Page S0 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields (D) iltcQ 2. with uniform density p.3{ (D) zero the r-axis' * z:1m lying in Im (B)# @)+ in the region Volume charge of uniform density 5 nC/m3 is distributed 5 m and radii of surfaces between two infinitely long.6) respectively. and centered A volume charge is distributed throughout a sphere of radius intensity at a at the origin. -2Q and Q are located at (o'0'0)' (r'0'0) for point any at intensity fiLld (-a.(#) ilca 2.75 x 10e J (C) 4.The electric field distance r from the origin is outside the sphere(r > B) inside the sPhere(r < .E) (A) *(#)* (B) *G)* *(#)" *(#)- (c) *(#)" *\$)" *(#)" *(#)" (D) ri MCA 2.lhe electric r>> 0 rs (")"(Y) (o)"(Y) G).1.0.c lmt .?8 (0'0'0).{.{.1.'1.rcQ 2. is situated along The total electric freld flux crossing the portion of plane ! the first octant and bounded by the planes r: 0 and r: @)* e& MCO 2.34 x 10e J (B) 6. parallel cylindrical 2mandwiththeiru*urr"p*utedbydistanceofl-masshowninthefigure' .4 x 10e J !!.5 x 10e (D) 5.26 With the increase in (A) increase (B) decrease (C) rgmain constant (D) be zero always \$co If R:1m 2.30 An infinite line charge of uniform density pr.a'nd Three point charges Q.27 and r None of these potentibl V(r) inside the charged sphere will Q:\c then the total stored energy inside the sphere will be (A) 4.{.29 rB.

65 x 1011V/m (A) 282. ' ! I t f.rge.83 N If / .5a.The electric potential at distance r a from the origin is outside the sphere(r > .L as shown in figure.4) then the force applied by the sheets on test charge is (B) 2.Y lm (D) 1.vln a test charge of 5 pC is placed at point (2.For Q.5. each with density \Cf at y:a 1 and y:.5 x 10-'n N (A) 2.P4e tr CtQ Electrostatic t i'lGlk The electric field intensity in the charge=free region inside the cylindrical surface of radius 2 m is (B) 5.77 x 1.R) PoRl (A) Seoi (B) EEr (c) fuE 3eo Seor 3P'Rt (D) €0fi Comrnon Data.33 Electric field intensity at the origin will be (B) (A) 0 Q) .65 x 102 N (c) 2.t2 A volume charge is distributed throughout a sphere of radius "R and centered at the origin with uniform density p. m2 . mV/m s"{.83 mN (D) 5.54a.Clmt.v lm fia. are located :b c/m P":5 Qlm sco 2.o"vln @) fia. 33 and 34: Two infinite uniform sheets of cha.0-12 V/m (C) 3.'1"34 -f.co ?.{.

the electric field intensity will be located at y:.37 P" ctJ o. D\ t't0 (^) cu xee a.Page E2 Chap 2 z"1.36 Consider a hollow sphere of radius . v(m) .3s In a certain region electric potential distribution is as shown in the figure.rries surface charge density 2cf m2 and upper side of lower plate carries surface charge density -2Clm2 as shown in figure. La. The electric field intensity between the plates will be +2 Clm -2"" 2a.1 in the region (A) linearly increasing (B) linearly decreasing (C) constant (D) zero Electrostatic Fields 2.t.ss As we move away. The electric field intensity at distance r from the center of the sphere is outside the sphere(r > R) inside the sphere(r S R) Pnl&Y (A) 0 eo\ (B) rlrco 2.frofrr the sheet charge U 1. to An air fiIled parallel plate capacitor is arranged such that the lower side of upper plate ca.1.r.R centred at origin carries a uniform surface charge density pr. (c) fiw (D) 0 r / "- Pn(&Y eo\ r/ o 0 o" ry o.7. B\ 'to (C\ _LA.

A uniform electric field is applied along the direction of the motion of one of the electrons.ou (D) Can't be determined as initial velocities are not given {<>F:f.86." then the correct relation between them is (A) K.* .Ec"n: K.**+'t X+*. (B) K.The corresponding plot of electric"fleld component E.1K.t.Ec"i.3s Two electrons are moving with equal velocities in opposite directions.EG'i") K.Er. so the electron gets accelerated while the electron moving in opposite direction gets decelerated.Esoh and the loss in Kinetic energy of decelerating electron is K. If the gain in the kinetic energy of accelerating electron is K. will be Page t3 Ct4 2 Electrostatic Field3 (A) -j 3 s(*) e.o".E.E1o"" (C) K.

2.1 m The net force on a test charge * 1 nC at the centre O of the square will be N. I +2C+. 1m. ? P form * Common Data For Q.2.0. Charges *0 and *2Q 7.2.5 The total charge present throughout the spherical shell will be QUES 2.0.3 ouEs 2.2 QUEA 2.2. as shown +2C +2c.6 For what value of pC. 5 and 6 : A uniform volume charge density of 2pCfm3 is spherical shell extending from r : 2 cmto r : present throughout the 3 cm. Four equal charges of side J 2 I and 2 +2c m in free space : are being placed at the corners ofthe square of in figure.tT.4 one of the four charges is being removed) what will be the magnitude of the net force (in Newton) on the test charge * 1 nC placed at the centre ? If The three point charges. The electric field intensity at point P(0.84 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields Comrnon Data For Q.7 Electrons are moving randomly in a fixed region in free space. 1 .2.3) will be N/m in o.2. a (in cm) half of the total charge will be located in the region2cmlr'-a? QUES 2. ouES 2.[2m-*2C ouES 2.2. are located on the z-axis at z:L in free space. direction. What will be the Q charge such that the net electric are separated by a distance distance (in meter) of point field intensity at P is zero. During a time interval ? the probability of finding an electron in a subregion of volume . each *5 nC.EXERGISK P-N Page. QUES 2.

1) and (0.s.'t3 Two point charges * 1 pC and . in spherical coordinate system.'x * Coulomb. Common Data For Q. Consider a triangular surface in the plane Qt ffis 2. electric flux density is given by r.1o 12 m3is 3o%.C.R"t\$ At total flux (in Coulomb) Ieaving the closed surface of the cube center of the cube. The total charge stored on the disk is a. &usr\$ s"R.Y lm be the total charge stored (nC) ? is D: Qf * 4z) a.-l< z< t is Coulomb.lx\$ a.33 If electric flux density in a certain region : 3f a.Cfm2 is having u.\$ p:2. Page E5 Chap 2 Electroetatig Fields ouEs Total stored charge on the cylindrical surface x. div D : cl-t ? . 14 and 15 : In the region of free space that includes the cubical volume 0 I .ly2ta"Cfm' &{Jss .}"tr"'{}\$ What is the *r. y.0.0.0< U32. where r ( < 5 m) is the distance of any point on the disk from its centre.1 pC are being located at points (0. z 1 L D:faa.R"€3 surface charge density p2zp.1) respectively.The volume charge density in the subregion for the time interval will be nC/m3.*2ryarl4ra"Cl^' Thetotalchargeenclosedbythecube 0I rI2.3. Consider the electric field intensity in some region is found to be E . centered at origin &t"tx\$ ps:3ry C/m2 then the total Coulomb. .x.0<z< lm z: 0 as shown in the figure.0. g 2r*y--5 If the triangular surface charge on it will be &r"**5 has charge density x'2"'?* A circular disk of radius 5m has surface charge density ps:3r. *"3. The net electric potential at point P(. What will in a sphere of radius 2 m. .4) due to the two charges will be Volt.

1. lrs t i 2.au*2a"nC m is located at potential due to the dipole at point A(7.ta An electric dipole having moment point B(0.13 Total work done for assembling the whole configuration of four charges will be OUES n.2.22 How much energy (in nJ) does it require to bring in the last charge from infinity and place it in the fourth corner ? i QuEs 2.2) 6).rried from infinity and placed at different corners of a square. will ouE\$ be - z. 2"2.I12.2.yarY f m ..16 Volume charge density at r:0.7) to 8(2.0) in the field .2s Total work done in transferring two point charges tlpC and *2mC from infinity to the points A(. eucs 2.2.te A total charge 20nClis being split into four equal charges spaced at 90' intervals around a circular loop of radius 5m.2. \$ it I Common Data For q. .*.3) to the point 8(4.. 2.Ioule.1) respectively is .l2ranV/m along the curve y: /rl2 will be qUf.S Joule.a"Y f m Work done in moving a 2 C charge from A(2.30'.2.1. the electric field intensity is given as -E : ra. The amount of work done in moving a *2C charge along a circular arc in the region will be centred at origin from r: 1m to r: g: #m .2.2.5m quEs 2..What will be the electric potential (in Volt) at the center of the loop ? eus\$ 2.2.20 The work done in carrying a 2C charge from point A(1.E:2ya.Comrnon Data For Q.1? Volume charge density at be cl^t cl^t r:1m will be p:ta.21 In a certain region. Consider the side of the square is 1 m and the charges are being carried a. flux charge density is given by Electrostatic Fields D:l\f onCfm2 r( o'5m lzlfunCfm2 r20.s one at a time.24 The electric field in a certain region is given by E : sindap+ (zI l) pcos\$aa* psind.1) in the field is Joule.2.22 and 23 : Four equal charges of + 1nC is being ca.2m will QUE\$ 2. 2.6. f6 and 17 Page 86 Chap 2 : In free space.3.4.0) and B(2.Ioule. . The electric Volt.I.0' .

what will be the distance (in meter) of the electron from center of sphere at t:1 psec.3? The frequency of the oscillation of point charge is kHz.27 and 28 : The potential field in free space is expressed as v:lvryz Q{rEs 2. .2.28 The energy density at the centre of the cube will be x 10-13 J.k for which the net electric field intensity at the point P(0.. ? qu65 2.2. f) is zero ? Qemmon Data For Q. z 12 will be J 2.eurs 2. +. A small hole is drilled through the center of the spherical volume charge as shown in figure.26 Four point charges of 8 nC are placed at the eor"ngrs of a square of side L cm mJ.e.?'3o Three point charges Q. .3'N If an electron is placed at one end ofthe hole and released from rest at l: 0 . 2.d kQ are arranged as shown in figure.2. kQ ar. What will be the value of . 3L and 32 : Consider a total charge of 2 nC is distributed throughout a spherical volume of radius 3m. eur\$ 2.2.2s The electric field intensity required to counter act the earth's gravitational force on an electron is x 10-u v/m.2"2? The total energy stored within the cube 1 1 x qu&s 10-13 r. The total potential energy stored in the system of charges is Page 87 Cbap 2 Electrostatic Fields Common Data For q. U.. eur\$ 2. The size of the hole is negligible compared to the size of the sphere.

direction.2. and 4 m from it's center as shown in figure is QUES 2.2 nC point charge are located in free space at the corners of a square on a side.36 Two identical uniform charges with pr.rries a uniform charge density of 6 C/m3. U: -F 3 m.2.3? Four 4 cm 1. The total electric flux passing through the hemispherical surface defined by r:48m.2. What is the value of. 0 < 0 < rl2 is pC. A redistribution of the charge results in the density function given by p.Q iq uniformly distributed over a circular disk of radius 6m The applied force on a 150pC charge located on the axis of disk N.7" Page EE euEs Chap 2 Electrostatie Fields 2.:k(3-f)clms where r is dista.k? auEs 2.35 A 50 pC point charge is located at the origin. euEs 2. gr a.2. The total potential energy stored is xxxx******* ---- pJ. . The force per unit length acting on the line at positive pN in a.rising from the charge at negative y is ---- ouEs 2.34 A charged sphere of radius 1m ca.2.: 80 nC/m are located in free space at tr:0.nce of the point from center of the sphere.33 A total charge of 9002r U.

3"\$ The value of proportionality constant in Coulomb's law is (A) e x 10.4 Assertion (A) : No charge can be present in a uniform electric field.3 P:se8e pr.3..8b4 xcQ 2. (R) : According to Gauss's law volume charge density in a region having electric field intensity E is given by po : €yE (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A. (D) A is false but R is true.t"tiHra? ucq t'3"'! Assertion (A) : Net electric field flux emanating from an arbitrary surface not enclosing a point charge is zero. rcq ?'3'3 A potential function V satisfies Laplace's equation inside a certain region. In this region the potential function will have (A) a maxima only (B) 4 minima only (c) a maxima and a minima both (D) neither a maxima nor a minima xcQ 2. 2. xcQ 2. (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.7 (D) metre/Farad x (o) 10-i2 The unit of electric field is (A) Newton . (D) A is false but R is true."t"o. Reason (R) : Electric field intensity at any point outside the uniformly charged sphere is always zero.. (D) o" is a.f" rca 2'3'& If the direction of Coulomb's force on a unit charge electric field is (A) -o" o" ro'g (B) Coulomb/Newton (D) Coulomb/metre (C) Newton/Coulomb (c) x ' (B) a. (B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. Reason (C) A is true but R is false. (B) e x 10-'g (C) 8. (C) A is true but R is false.3-4 Coulomb's force is proportional to (A) " (C) _L 'r (B) f (D) + r xcq 2.3. the direction of .3"\$ The proportionality constant in Coulomb's law has unit of (A) Farads (B) Farads/metre (C) Newton HcQ 2.EXERCI\$E.. (B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

3.{? Gradient of the potential and an equipotential surface (B) have opposite directions (A) have the same direction (D) have no directional relation (C) are orthogonal to each other iltso 2.*r<{.s: Q (B) Joules (D) Joules/m2 (C) Joules/m3 M\$& :"3"'lS Electric flux lines (A) originate at (+)ve charge (B) originate at (-) ve charge (C) are closed loops (D) originate at (+)ve charge and also terminate at (+)ve charge KfrQ 2.3.3.3"1{ The electric field on r-axis due to a line charge extending from @#.3.r{:Q t.d3 2.c p"*.Page 90 M(:& 9.1.3.{9 The electric field in free space (A) .p @) Q# @h oo is #h Potential at aII the points on the surface of a conductor is (B) not the same (A) the same (D) infinity (C) zero r\${:rn 2.s:Q (^) MS& 2.3"ts x D: x D: P" Q (B) Coulomb/m (D) Tesla Gauss's law is I D.3"9 The unit of electric flux is (B) Coulomb/metre (D) Weber/m2 (A) Coulomb (C) Weber Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields r!rl.'17 (B) V (D) V The unit of electric flux is (A) Coulomb (C) Weber Potential has the unit of (A) Joules/Coulomb @) f D.s.1€ c/m'? Point form of Gauss's law is (A) V x (C) V x vs.* *:k .-€o I -co to 2 (B) # (D) q ' '60 (C) eoD **t<{<X.ds: Q tol Iod.'t: D: D: Po P.f es \$t:e 2.t3 The unit of electric moment is (B) C-m (D) C-m' (A) c/m (c) .ds: Q fcl f od.1o wce a.

n14. Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields b n t^' Ih E IE I -In' Ib If the electric field intensity is given by E: (ro.E and V are both vectors (C) E is a scalar and I/ is a vector (D) . which are given by e. potential difference between X(2." newtons/coulomb (C) 3o.5 Assertion (A) : capacitance between two parallel plates of area .6o.+2a.A' each and distance of separation . (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the.Then (A) .4. (an+3a") and (2a.y. the method of images is qsed.il) a"c/^r. er:2pC and Qt:3pc. Reason (R) : By this technique. The field due to each charge at a point p in free space is (a.:lFC.3) is (A) -r-r (B) (C) 'olt -1volt *5 volt \u. *2au* 2o.u * 2..orr""-t explanation of A (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanatiorr ofA (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true lca 2"4.3o.2o. consider electric potentialT and electric field intensity E at any point (r.4.&").3 vuru There are three charges.0) and y(1.. The charg.z).5 D: zp(cos.E is a vector and I/ is a scalar rcQ 2.0. ratio.3) is rca 2"4.Ppge g1 - .2au * 0.d' is e Af d for large Af d.5 o An electric charge of Q coulombs is ]ocated at the origin. conducting surfaces can be removed from the solution domain. .6 Assertion (A) : In solving boundary value probrems.2 EQ 2.4.E and V are both scalars (B) . -l 0. Reason (R) : Fringing electric field can be neglected for large A/d ratio. I 0. newtons/coulomb (D) 0.u.2. The total field at the point P due to all three charges is given by (A) 1.)volt/m.2s.5a" newtons/coulomb (B) 0..5 a" newtons/coulomb Given that the electric flux density density at point (7.+yau* za.64" I 2. (B) 1 (D) 0.2 au * 0.ar) newtons/coulomb.4 the (A) 3 (c) 0. -ru rcQ 2.

V I/' where E is the V is the potential is not valid for time varying fields' Reasou (R) : The curl of a gradient is identically zero' (A)BothAandRareindividuallytrueandRisthecorrectexplanation A. then which one of the is correct ? .Ifl4lzisthe stored with 1m separation between them. is inversely proportional as V2 (C) Yt has the same direction as V (D)ylhasthesamemailnitudeas%buthasdifferentdirection electric field Assertion (A) : The expression E .5mseparationbetweenthem. (B)BothAandRareindividuallytruebutRisnotthecorrectexplanati of A. electric field in the space between the cylinders? (A) Uniform and directed radially outwards 2.. at concentric long conducting cylinders.4.4.4"s (B) Concentric cYlinders (D) None of the above If the potential functions % and % satisfy Laplace's equation within closedregiorrandassumethesamevaluesonitssurface'thenwhichoft following is correct ? (A) K and Vz are identical M&& 2"4"9 (B) y. (D) 60o. (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true xAe€ 2"4.t of two (B) Uniform and directed radially inwards (C) Non-uniform and directed radially outwards (D) Non-uniform and directed parallel to the axis of the cylinders lwcq 2.? and opposite What will be the equipotential surfaces for a pair of equal charges ? (A) Spheres (C) Non-concentric cYlinders {sfr\$ 4. (A) -304.5) 8? plane r: a at pC/m2 a uniform surface charge density of 60 (B) -604.(A)BothAandRareindividuallytrueandRisthecolrectexplanation Page 92 A Chap 2 (B)BothAandRareindividuallytruebutRisnotthecorrectexplanat Electrostatic Fields ofA (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MSQ 4"4.ts fficQ caused What is the electric flux density (in pC/m'?) at a point (6' 4' ..t.4. (C) 30o.13 Wr is the electrostatic energy stored (B) Maxwell's equation (D) None of the above in a system of three equal point arrangedinalinewith0. the Poisson's equation results in which one of following? (A) Continuity equation (C) Laplace equation MCQ 2.{c In a charge free space. the inner one is kept is what constant positive potential * % and the outer one is grounded.

18 An infinitely long uniform charge of density 30 nc lmis rocated at y .4(10.: Eoe+ik" (C) E": Eoe-ik' (D) E. at the point (2.6. 2 and 3 (C) Only 2 and Ga 2.rf e6 is the permittivity of free space. B(0..4.16 4 The potential (scalar) distribution is given as v: l}yn+20f . It is irrotational : 2. 3 and 4 (B) _200/es (D) _240e11 The r-directed electric field E.1S E (*ffi1'n r"r (#*#r)" @(t##r.0).E and Displacement density D (D) Electric potential V and Displacement ty' Electrostatic Fields . It is static only form a macroscopic view point.Tay-g6.z.01A flowing in the sense AbCDA ? (A) (sf _za" (C) 4a. mo 2.* a") 2a" 2'4"2a An electric charge Q is placed in a dielectric medium.1) ? (A) rc1 GQ 2..4.0) and with current 0. 1) is rg:64. having sinusoidal time variation eto.0) ? (A) -200e6 (C) 200e.5W (C) W:2W ICq 2.'5 Page g3 Chap 2 Equivalent surface about a point charge are in which one of the following forms ? (A) (C) rca (B) W: W (D) W: 4W2 Spheres Cylinders (B) planes (D) Cubes consider the following statements regarding an erectrostatic field 1.0). 2 and 4 (D) 1.4. It is solensoidal 3. C(_ 10.10. Which of the statements given above are correct (A) 1. 6.4"{4 2.(A) W:0. Which of the following quantities are independent of the dielectric constant e of the medium ? (A) Electric potential I/ and Electric field intensity E (B) Displacement density D and. work done in moving a charge in the field form one point to another is independent of the path of movement. what is the sorution representing propagation in positive z-direction ? (A) 4: Eoe-k" (B) E. Displacement ry' (C) Electric field intensity . z : b ' The field intensity at (0.Ba"v/m.: Eoe+h" space variation -Q 2.4.10. 4. and in z-direction satisfies the equation y2E":0 under source free condition in a lossless medium. (D) 4(a. what is the volume charge density p.0) and D(:0. what is the field intensity at (5.l'E what is the magnetic dipole moment in Am2 for a square current roop having the vertices at the point .0.0.1? ? (B) 1.4.

25 mV/m (C) 0.23 A dipole produces an electric field intensity of 1mv/m at a distance of 2 km .14 mJ (A) 2.75 mV/m (A) 1 mv/m (D) 0.0.d.2"1 Chap 2 Two coaxial cylindrical sheets of charge are present in free space Ps : 5 C I m2 ' at' r:2 m and ps :.57 mJ (D) 12.a6 The energy stored per unit volume in an electric field (with usual notations) is given by (B) tl2eE (A) tl2elf (D) eE2 (C) Ll2eE'z r"lse ?"4.4"X? Gauss law relates the electric field intensity density po al a point as (A) V x E:€op.4. rc\ E: .0) is in the (A) negative r-direction (B) negative z-direction (C) positive r-direction (D) positive z-direction r{*s 3"4"2\$ The force between two points charges of 1 nC each with a 1 mm separation rn alr ls (A) 9 x 10-3N (C) 9 x 10-eN ps*Q 3. The electric field intensity at point C(4../€o The electric field strength at any point at a distance r from the point charge q located in a homogeneous isotropic medium with dielectric constant e .r Page 94 rdcq ?.tt*Q 2.3).Clm2 Electrostatic Fields (B) D :2l3a.Clm' (D) D: 18f3a. 4nr" (B) E: fD) .5) and (1.1) respectively.50 mV/m Mre z.*\$ A positive charge of Q coulomb is located at point .3.4.4.0. The energy stored in the field is (B) 5.4(0.0.2Clm2 at r:4 m.Cfm2 rr{{:& 2"4"?2 An electric potential field is produced in air by point charge 1pC and 4 pC located at (-11. The displacement flux density D at r:3m is (A) D: 5a.28 mJ . .Q€ oa.leo rdeQ ?.1\$ (B) I (D) I x 10-6N x 1o-12N E with the volume charge (B) V . . E:€opo (D) V'E:p.50 mJ (C) 10. is given by (A) E:ffio. The field intensity at a distance of 4 km will be (B) 0. (C)VxE:p.E f nas"os} : -t-o.Cf m2 (C) D : l}l3a.3) and a negative charge of magnitude Q coulombs is located at point B(0. 4trtr" .

o+o pc (C) 0.5 nc placed midway between e1 force. d. tct Eo 2. Now.34 Point charges of Q:2nC andQ2:JnC are located at a distance apart. will depend on the medium in which they are placed.tQ 2.3{ The following point charges are located in air : +0.008pC at (0. Chap 2 tol f"o .4.0)m -0. ez wirexperience no (C) The forces Q1 and. d. with regard to this situation.0)m +0.009pC at (0.d. Electrostatic Fields .33 Assertion (A) : The electric field around a positive charge is outward. (B) A charge of .x density over a closed surface yields the positive charge enclosed. apart.02e pC (D) 0.is (tl f o.4.s: I o.4. which one of the following statements is not correct ? (A) The force on the 3 nC charge is repulsive.4.05pC at (3.o.29 The vector statement of Gauss's a law. d.016 pC rs a 2.s: [c?n (B) In.4)m The total electric flrrx over a sphere of bm radius with centre (o. Reason (R) : Gauss's law states that the differentiar of the-normal component of the outward electric fl. (D) The forces on Ql and e. and.s:lo"o.4.32 Electric flux through a surface area is the integral of the (A) normal component of the electric field over the area (B) parallel component of the electric field over the area (C) normal component of the magnetic field over the area (D) parallel component of the magnetic field over the area -Q 2.4.30 IIo. (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individualry true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation oi Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true -a 2. then the force between the charge will (A) reduce to zero (B) increase (C) decrease (D) not change -o 2. if a glass srab is insertecl Two charges are placed at a distance between them.as:f Page gb p.058 pC (n) b.o) (A) 0.ez are same in magnitude..

oes not state that electrostatic field ? (A) The curl of .Page 96 MSq 2.i.38 point charges of -10 nc and 10 nc are located in free space at (.36 .e00 nJ the electric A spherical balloon of radius a is charged' The energy density in is inflated field at point P shown in the figure given below is u' If the balloon at P ? density energy is the what to o radius b without altering its charge' (*l (A) (*l (") (c) .4{l r: with a uniform charge density p.!!e& 3.i.0.{.0.Cl^t shall have electric a.1.Clm'z (C) ap. which one of the following statements is conservative d.0) m ? and (1. What is the energy stored in the field (A) Zero (B) 450 nJ (C) -a50 nJ (D) .Clm2 (B) !p.4.i.E is ideutically zero (B) The potential difference between two points is zero (C) The electrostatic fietd is a gradient of a scalar potential (D) The work done in a closed path inside the field is zero flrcQ 2.4.3r ilrlQ *'4.Cfm2 (D) tP.39 Sphere of radius o flux density at rd*Q 2.ucl^' Equipotential surfaces about a pair of equal and opposite Iinear charges exist in what form ? (A) Concentric sPheres (B) Concentric cYlinders (C) Non-concentric cYlinders (D) Planes .(*) (D).4.0j m respectively. equal to (A) \$p.4"35 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields Which one of the'following is the correct statement Equi-potential lines and field lines (A) are parallel ? (B) are anti-parallel (C) are orthogonal (D) bear no definite relationshiP tvtco 2..

MCQ 9.4'l For electrostatic fields in charge free'atmospherO. E:0 (B)VxE+}andV.44 z: Plane (B) v .11.i' -Qi'' The electric field E at a point P due to the presence of dipole as shown in the above diagram (considering distance r )) distance d) is proportional to (A) llr (C) I/r3 MC6t :.{..46 Cliap 2 Electrostdtid Fidlds s"4'43 If the electric field established by three point charge e.. E+0 (A) V x 3F on 3Q and 2F or 2e.97 (B) rlr.!J v2E:-EF v . which one of the following is correct ? E:0 andV . then what is the force exerted on the point charge Q (A) (B) r -r ? (c) 5r (D) 2'4'43 -5r' Which one of the following is the Poission's equation for a linear and isotropic but inhomogeneous medium ? (.t-t2/ ------::f-.{5 Consider the following diagram +e i--. vlm (C) 72tra"vlm (D) -3602ro. what is the electric field at the origin ? (A) -70a"vlm (B) -182'a.4. Y(eV):-p (C) MCQ 2.. (evV):-p (D) V2V:-L 10 m carries surface charge density 20 ncf m2.' .{ ----------- di l._ i'-i'- --- : ?_- di -.+ t ":.4..E:0 (C)VxE:}andV. v/m MCQ 2. ze and 3e exerts a force Page. (D) 7lr^ what is the value of total electric flux coming out of a closed surface (A) Zero (B) Equal to volume charge density (C) Equal to the total charge enclosed by the surface (D) Equal to the surface charge density ? .E+0 (D)V x E+oandV .

0. mco 2.1).-l'ffia. . Q)-t#a.0.55s* 0.8.8 passes through the point P(2.832* 0.072) rvrce 2. V and the electric field E vanish (B) *'y: 1 is an equipotential plane in the 4t-plane (C) The equipotential surface V:. . @-t#d. Which of the following is not ? 1A) .8 at P is (.4? A charge is unifdrmly-dfstributed throughout the sphere of radius o.rT Page 98 MGq 2.4e The relation between electric intensity .nt the point (1.4) (D) A unit vector normal to the equipotential surface V:.4. Taking the potential hi infiirity as zeroT the potential at Chap 2 rot-lJ#* Electrostatic Fields r: b < o is @)-l:#d.1.4s A potential field is given by V:3r2ytrue 3rz.4.4. voltage applied d between the plates of a parallel plate condenser is (A) E: Vld (B) E:Vxd (c) (D) E: vl@)' E:Vx(A" *(*****t X<>fi** I/ and the distance .

aa az YxE:Zl!lo. * 3% Ig"/' 1.l* 0 Therefore.* Ayzau l6rza"V f m la.4a.4a. : 2rya. as the curl of the given electric neta is not equal field does not exist. so.'.3a. Given the electric field intensity E So.{"? q:. ou!: lw + dz 2az 3rz 2f-2ya. * - a"f *I8l-2a. the its curl must be zero. p rrom the rwo point and charges.\$ol. Since the two point charges are positive so the introduced third point charge must be negative as to make the entire system in equilibrium as shown below 3m q 9C -cgoc in equilibrium so the force between all the pair of a3 the system must be charges will be equal Fta (g)q (g)q l.1"1 Option (B) is correct.284a.{ Page 99 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields r soL t.uTtol{s 2. .*(3-0 2)o.nt.ra..4C and d:2m Option (A) is correct. Electric field intensity at any point P due to the two point charges e1 and Q2 is defined as E:k(S+R.1. For an electric field to exist.] -l Ja.\ n.3 451. - Szan .+ where.!!1f'. So the net electric field due g :9 x 10n to the two given point charges is x (-5) x 10-n[(-7*4)o. sol.. L.004a" Option (D) is correct.] x 1Os x 2 x 10-e[(-7+5)a.. G-df : Fca: Ftc - _Gqs_Gq(e) n---Try- Solving the equation we get. - !.... i 3)a. we check the existence of the given field vector first.".+(3-0) ou+e 1 *g _- : 30L 2. . .'*?:.1" 0. the .f . R 8?^R.2. to zero so.e.

i. ao ." : 8 C So.:f. - 3. So flux due to it will be emanating from all the eight quadrants symmetrically.!*?.- 2.Cf m:1 x so.? Option (B) is correct.:1c/m2 l* Thus soL 2. We construct a Gaussian surface at p . As we have already determined the total electric flux crossing the surface r:1m So.1m is evaluated as below: Totalelectricflux Sowehave . According to Gauss law net outward electric flux from any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the volume : i.0.1.O.6 7.)e"#) -- 2. [:.4 Option (C) is correct.1. and from Gauss law. is defined as Fields Given 10 6C/m R:-2o.) Option (A) is correct. As the point charge is located at origin.*2ryan) eo(a. 2. 'Q) :1x2x2tr:4rC sol.o. \$oL R from an infinite at the point D: D: (.1.:lp.S ("t. .e. th or.:l* D(4trl) :4v D : f. (#) rr. So the flux through the portion of plane r* E:2 m lying in first octant is Il8 of the total flux emanating from the charge located at origin.\$ line : .6a0 kV/m Option (B) is-correct.1. flux through the surface sol.{.1) eoE : eo(i a..s D : a. Electric flux density in a certain region for the given electric field intensity is defined as So sot.r as shown : t " in figure. Electric field intensity in free space at a distance charge with charge density p7.page cbap !00 ? Efectrostatic sol 2.# ' pr.:lo.'". drd.2a.d. .r. 2"{. electric flux density D at r . [. :0 i*!?.1. total flux: Q".C/m2 r* y = 2 m is ai:\$ Option (A) is correct.u : Q"n" I:.8 Option (A) is correct.\V:4r) dS :4r J{o. A.

as:lxo €o' E:0 s&L 9. as. r from the cylindrical axis is : *: *(. D(2nrh) So." As we have to evaluate E for r < 2 and since the charge r < 2 so Q".t.. JIn. as : lf r.. J or to ""'' J\$n.as:+e". According to Gauss law the surface integral of the electric flux density over a closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed inside the region defined bv closed surface.: J E(4r x (3)') : r_ [ '"-o." :0 (sinceE:Z.e. s\$r- g"*"€:e Option (D) is correct. (#)tt..(trf h) : p. l.PAge iOl Chap 2 Electrostatic FieldE So. we have the surface integral of electric field intensity over the Gaussian surface at r: 3 as 6n -'"' JIn. rve have the surface integral of the electric. i. As calculated in the previous question.o.lf {nt4a.) Eqr Thus 5S\$.as:La"-" { n .€lrf oar. €o ) density is zero for (for r < 2) Therefore.as:e".rt €oJ : .g"{""\${:! 1 (assume the height of the cylinder is h) Therefore the electric field intensity at a distance E p: Option (C) is correct. Again from Gauss law. \$o. according to Gauss law the total outward flux through the surface will be equal to the charge enclosed by it. + r32 lf tat*1au +![ oau 4(r55 .: *f oo.1"! Option (A) is correct.field intensity over the Gaussian surface r: 5 as fn .r. D : p..t"ndrdndft) *l:[ I'" E(4nxg\:4"14(3-2) LU n:#o.e.

Electric flux density in terms of field intensity is defined So' at point P(3.a71'4ar-35'6a") :31.4an - *p.e.13 *l:. as D:eoE D : eo(3'6a.*#rol".e. z.0) and B(-1.Qd^ o.l.)] (d : 90".4o. at the Point sol 2.* 101o. r: a) .{.1.I" : +"41 (1Ur) .t. |. . r' *1C located at (0.6a' * l7.*z)".1.6a. r\ So.0) respectively as shown in figure.0) is (q:+ 1C) : e)3%l2cos20a.:Y 'D i.{? Option (B) is correct.0) due to the two point charges located at points 4(1. Electric force experienced by a point charge q located in the field E is defined as F:QE So.t). According to Gauss law the volume Charge density in a certain region is equal to the divergence of electric flux density in that region P.0.t.3l4.1) E : 3.2' sol.t6 . E . .0d'Q) !"^a.:ffiT'Fierds E(4tr Electrostatic x (5)') : E sol- 2. the force applied at the point charge .::ll:::.1s Option (A) :3.Q 1Sco20-J-41sin0s-in01 2f r" ) r' -0 sol- 2. ao:- &".] P(r 35.lsindoa] ' ' treof : -44-1rin9o' Atresr (.ff r+zs -roz **)".:&* I'" (#)rr"t"0d'r.1)..0.o. --YV:-(!v+!v+4Y\ \dr" 0a''0r'l :-lG t *7. -. first of all we evaluate the total electric field at the given point c(0. :::tr.+(zwt *a+#.*"" . Option (A) is correct.Y f m is correct.5a"pCl^' Option (A) is correct.4trest' sor- 2. For d.y. Electric field at any point is equal to the negative gradient of potential i.1.etermining the position of the third charge.'r4 Option (B) is correct.2:.U: 2.

r)' Q-7)':4ora:3.uo.* Ez* Er 4n2'/2 as discussed above 3r ) :0 . So.a. 5 .Jg'+ 4' -*3a.: kaff&: e x 10'x (+) x 1o-e x : #f. so the point will be located at y: 3 i. electric field at point C due to the third charge is.0).{8 Option (B) is correct.. we have Et.y.1?) x 1o-'g @-1)' (-o. u|L_!----.:o \y.r4a.+ au) ('A + 1f au) 9 2J2 -(ih.4 is x to'(+) x 10 e'ffi and the electric field due to charge at point B is '':: rQ68T: I e ao) ffi(a"* D.fG Cte 2 Pete Electrctatic -'2I nC.o" En" where a" is the unit vector normal to the plane directed toward point Since the unit vector normal to any plane /:0 is defined as a' So.0.t oy) so.3. Consider the position of the third charge is (0.?.e.-1 1. A( 'i+"" B(1. * _ e x 10'g_x (.0) sol. Ett Ez:fi7{""+ q)+ : 4J-2-L(a. o.):-d*o. As the field is directed in a. we have the p :+ Jl--lv/l unit vector normal to the given charged plane Zr*4y:e AS l4au ^ --r3a. direction so for making E:0 the third cha.2.ef. Point P will have the coordinate (0. 1.+ (.rge of +^/2 nC must be placed on gr-axis at any point g> 1. Electric field intensity at any point P due to the uniformly charged plane with charge density ps is defined as : i.{. and since the total electric field must be zero So.a.:__j- (f: 3r + 4y) Fi:b . 0) 0) Electric field due to the charge located at point .

so' we take :{ftw: :ff{to.+ sindae) r".err) nt'7rna" = (e x 10e) :9 x . Electroetatic Fields /> the positive value of o'' (2 x 1o n) l3o"*4411 (s:2nClm2) 2(ro-'g136r)\ b t O. given that the z-component of electric field is zero (P: Atteoa.0.ny at intensity The electric field dipole lying along z-axis and having the dipole moment p in a" direction is defined as E _ __2__ 4neoru B 1Z cos 0 a.1.20 x (2 x 10-'g) x (2r x n) Cir.1.C-m) . Horizontal component of the electric field intensity will be cancelled due to the uniform distribution of charge in the circular loop.48au \$oL 2"{"tg Y lm Option (B) is correct.C-m Given the moment point (r. So the net electric field will have only the component in a. Electric flgx density produced at a distance r from a point charge Q located at origin is defined as o:ffi* So. direction and defined a^s below : n : ]6o.y". so|- 2.86a. sol- 2. *sin 0oe) : z"osla.Y1^ Option (D) is correct.3) E Therefore.21 Option (C) is correct' p :Atreoa. Now.9.Since at Page 10\$ Chap 2 point (1.@) produced due to an electric a.85a"*90. flux density is D:h*1r31:o is 0 for all the points but at origin (r: 0) its divergence can't be defined. the divergence of the electric v so it .* 4an) :67. "U#3a":70.

: :o o 0 Therefore electric field component E.E"= E' .) lsing(ae . is defined as E : ^Ptzlf€n p and since the electric potential at point (I. the electric potential at point (p. \$ .r1 ]:tr.L-ri. (t' + 4)'-'. :_ I:. Z iiir.e.2) is zero so. :l_hr"rali. and since the differential displacement in the spherical system is given as : dra. e.zd] Thus :54.) (pr...:i t. v :2x 10 3 x e x 10eln(.. ?"*. a. At r: o d'. ?"{.e.i.d. v E is defined as at+c --[n.o"'e-sin2dl:o r r"' ' 2cos20 - sin2d f[t +:"o. is LOE Chap 2 Q) . ru' Blectrosratic Fiolds JJ2. * rdra6 So we have the electric potential d.:itill. . page . Electric potential at any point for a given electric field i.6.) : 18h(.:*|nc) f*&?&. the electric potential at point (r.t.'.7" or 125.3" will have the Option (B) is correct.i.e.2) to the point to (p.:ririr-t.:0 l..r12.*x : 0 E. Electric field intensity produced at a distance p from an infinite line charge with charge density pr..z3 Option (B) is correct. Option (C) is correct.j.(#*)0.s4 r: 0 and r: oo u" will be maximum at origin.0.i l]1. :6' 54. .:tt.Y d"f :- So the electric potential sot.6 v:_[rr?..r12. 1 @a+1ax2r: o Solving the equation we get.rr. a")]:0 \[2cos01a.7" or 0 :125. J Now given the electric field intensity in spherical coordinate system E : -:r-a.udr_lc:nl J lt'+4)" f +4. sol n"r.z) will be equal to the integral of the electric fieid from point (7.+c dY : o At maxima'dr .. As calcrilated in the previous question.r).r* :_ I. i.3' the conical surface of angle 0 : sot. .l * rsin0d\$a.

--Gq7Q (For the electric potential at the point will be So ve) :. The graph of.+ *.+ c 2 electric potential is w:[+ c r: So potential difference between the two surfaces is : . V(r) will be as : v(r) \${:}L 2.2-t.+ + r.* * .:-/a." -x+ +. So the surface integral of the electric field over the Gaussian surface is given as ..25 Option (B) is correct.'

'. electric potential is u:f. The charged sphere will be treated as a point charge for the field at any point outside the sphere.l-91| . \ * f\*. So. z +- -'. at r) -R) : (Taking oo as a reference Point) :-hl:Ta. :{vort &ut.:(1+c) (**"...n +O ' *:-v- tI +r For determining the electric field inside the spherical region at distance r ( < R) from the centre of sphere we construct a Gaussian surface as shown in the figure.f'n .Y:-Jr+4.."8\ 'l.* f t r * \--:--1P ".+C Page 106 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields So at r: and at 0. the electric field at distance r from the centre of the sphere will be : I "E.1"26 Option (B) is correct.Q 47f€o f VQ)qI So.

G. z. g:1c) (n Therefore the total energy stored inside the sphere is .e.4 x 10:J -16?re. :+I' (#)t^ " \$re .0. . v(r):1lrh. =3 [l"'l' 16zr'€0[' 5 Jn 3 .1 :&[+-#(ry)l So.vd. a-2QA ' ' ' (-o.?.0.0) will be directed along r-axis.0) >tr So the electric field at point (r..4".. The total stored energy inside a region having charge density po andpotential V is defined as w.1.l*t. the electric field at a distance Page 107 Chap 2 i from the center is . where d.?) :-lI. #90* I'(h#.0) (0.2r 7(r) decreases with increase in r.(ry)) : f".lteilr-f .. The point charges can be represented as shown below.0) (a.0. Option (D) is correct. As calculated in previous question the electric potential at any point inside the sphere is v(r):&lh-+. .!J. :#(g#)" Electrostatic Fields :&f.:!e".r* I'u.4_3x9x10ex4 ^ 5-----lt-5:! * 10e: b.0) as 2Q E'_ a A " . e: 1c) (r?:1m.0.2.":*[(#)] E@trf) So.GTfi . J. Taking only magnitude we have the net electric field intensity at (u.tl1 : 1m.1.za Option (A) is correct.* (ror r < rr) Therefore the electric potential at the point P will be the line integral of the field intensity from infinity to the point P i.r)j@rr dr) :S" h"t['ttr-ra)dr :- .:|[ o.)r.. *l -81 - electric field outside the sphere as calculated irr Ez - electric field inside the sphere previous question..0. .

s: e"n" . .lRr\^ "' .*. The portion of the plane y I z: I m lying in the first octant bounded by the planes r:0 and r:7m has been shown in the figure through which we have to determine the total electric field flux."t4 -'-\ F/ \${}t. :g* zry1 ""''-.:!(ft)o.! +'(#ll Option (B) is correct.x.as-rn -"-env-" r" So for the Gaussian surface outside the sphere at a distance r the centre of the sphere we have E@nf) : "G# (there is no charge outside the sphere) Therefore at any point outside the sphere will be " (> n) the electric field intensity E:p.e.Eo\sv )"' and for the Gaussian surface inside the sphere at a distance the center of the sphere () ft) from -4*ol we have r(< R) from E@rrf):d*C Therefore at any point inside the sphere. According to Gauss law the surface integral of electric field intensity over a Gaussian surface is defined as In.:\$ l * (#) we get # * #al' . the electric field intensity will be ':*+Po.Fl _l : #ey Page 108 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields Since *?*'(#l* I #*#Glr-!+'(*l- r >> al neglecting higher : *+* " #a[' powers r(#l] - :.(tr?t)o:p.r':. \${lL 2"{-3{} Option (C) is correct.p l.6Qa' _ r<(6Qo'\ 4tr. According to Gauss law the total outward flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it. :r. total electric field flux emanating flux from the line charge between 0 and r: 1m is So the r: : f o . l: l rSril' -tt.''l''' ':a)'. d.

Option (A) is correct. l1.t.R2: i#5"..lix. I QE. while .Er is the electric field intensity at point P due to the uniformly charged cylinder of radius 5 m that has the charge density (5 nc/m3). r:. i'r. and such that the total charge in the hole is zero. rrttli. lir::i in sgi- *".e.R. rritirl !.11 !. dS the electric flux crossing the surface : -T: i.ir. one of radius 5 m and the other of radius 2 m. Thus we obtain the net electric field at point P as En"t : Et* Ez where . : #..ri(. flux through the defined surface will be one fourth of the total electric field flux emanating from the defined portion . -o' J€oto60 -Q"o"-ot(t) and by symmetry.rrl r:li'rir:ir'1lu-r fi rl"\$ .'1r1.1u.!"3{ l.. " h f{o?H:.lrlf 1.61 the electric field intensity at a distance r from the cylindrical axes having uniform charge density p.i1 i. Consider a point P inside the cylindrical surface of 2m as shown in figure.Ez is the electric field intensity at point P due to charged cylinder of radius 2 m that has the charge density (-S nC/m3) As calculated in MCQ. So the net electric field at point P is En"t:"#f"r_ Rr) By the triangle law of vector Rt. P"T z--o . Now we make the use of superposition to evaluate the electric field at point P by considering the given charge distribution as the sum of two uniformly distributed cylindrical charges. r/\$ rvhl!'tl:s ill. is n.tll.co4 So we have and Et:#.Y lm (separation : 1m) Page 109 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields .f ' is :il-' .5a. En"t:5j#f*l :282.n1:L#".r ds bE. : C: So' a. E.

and the electric potential at arry point inside the sphere v :-lfrn' (r < -E) is l'n' atf :. :. in Q'55' As we have calculated the electric field for the same distribution field of the integral line so we evaluate the electric potential by taking the intensity.E+1+ E-r : {.33 Option (A) is correct. : Q._p4t-tl' [-7j..a is origin at intensitY field So net E : E+t+ E-.'t. is Electric field at any point due to infinite surface charge distribution defined as where t:h^ P.: htw):_fi".Page 110 Chap \$oL 2"*.[" . i.{u)+ hei (for both the sheet a': au) . :-t..' :l*(#)'' torr< R forr> R is The electric potential at any point outside the sphere (r > R) :.5. :-#I-]. + surface charge densitY o"+unitvectornormaltothesheetdirectedtowardthe point where field is to be determined' At origin electric field intensity due to sheet at g : a 1 it .I *(#).{".lhl+-+l :#(+-+):hP'-t) soL 2.4)' So it will be in the y > + I for which electric field is given as E .3eo" . region As the test charge is placed at point (2. V :-[n'at [*{t).u+fiu :0 \$or* 2. (w:- and electric field intensity at origin due to sheet at E_r _ 9:- f.32 2 Electrostatic Fields Option (B) is coryrect. o.R' :--geo .l'fi(!)at at+ :-*l-+l:-#l+l:.e.): au) 1 is (a^: au) Option (A) is correct.34 {.I^ *#a'.{..

oJ t' d.83 x Option (C) is correct.*s will bx10-e --. z. now at any point outside the sphere at a distance r from the center when we draw a symmetrical closed surface(Gaussian surface) then the charge enclosed is Q"n" : P.i.:-*e") So the net field between the plates is . :ht-ai+htq) :-hou:-5j#o. since the electric field intensity due to a sheet charge is defined 1o-3N as n:fftu so it doesn't depend on the distance from the sheet and given E So. ###BOT_TEXT###quot; it will be constant as we move away from the sheet.eo % be : QE: (5 x 10-6)(!r_1Q j)* Page 111 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields : 2. tol 2.!fia surface charge density point where field is to be determined.) (a": - a") (o*: o") and the field intensity due to lower plate will be o.S Q"n" p"(4trR2) .3e : E*r* as E_. 2.oJ dS : J p.-----Zeo uo : Therefore the net force on the charge F tol. For any point inside the sphere when we draw a symmetrical spherical surface (Gaussian surface) then the charge enclosed is zero as all the charge is concentrated on the surface of the hollow sphere.(+trR2) and according to Gauss's law : esE(4iTR2) : I .du:0 E :0 at any point Therefore inside the hollow sphere..:*(#)* sot. Option (A) is correct.1. . The electric field intensity due to the upper plate will be nu : At o. So according to Gauss's law rr. Electric field intensity at any point due to uniform surface charge distribution is defined as where n : & --+ an -r unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the .s? Option (A) is correct._2x(SxtO-'g).t.

y+[-2].i.38 : - .. 7-a €o'9.. V :-20t For the interval -7 3 y So.\:_(1'6 : =\dt) rn m.).---_(t.|^r? : (1. So. the velocity usax-Q'6 :[. 20Ylm V :20 g.V :-20 So For the interval 2 Eu:O 3 a < 3.t".6 x 10-1e)E0d t- Again the velocity of electron moving in LO'6 x 10:'f ET@IY .o So.. for the interval -3 3 A 3-2. rn-l9tn x 10-1e). r*L e.Eu. x ro \e)Eodt 1". direction will change to . .0- (1.6 lt n. For the interval :-%:2oY lm I < y < 2.)] Etreltrostatlc Fields s{3L k"1..E.. Opti. and -u64.. 8. a' x to-'n)p (rlt. Eottr. :-. in K.E:Eu*Et {ege 112 CIpn 2 : Ar-".rrr (A) is correct. direction will change to z l[!P4t o.&.8 -ffi therefore. of electron moving in * o.8 du :-(1. the plot field componentr E.u1 : o.(1) .6x10-1e).V :20(t+3) En:-+:_ dy For the interval -2 3 Y S- 1.:-{:g ' dll <*1. Electric lield intensitv at any point is equal to the negative gradient of electric potential at the point E:-YV So. Since the electrons are moving with equal but opposite velocities so assume that their velocities are *uoa.3\$ defined Option (B) is correct.. V : 20(r- 3) dll " --dY:-2oY/m Therefore. E. with respect to y for the intervals will be same as in option (A).e. 4 .. the y-component of the field is Eo:-* oa Now.6 Since velocity deceases so loss K. change in the velocity x 10-1'g)80d. is : |*r|t .. So.o. Now let the electric field is applied in o' direction E: t. So the force applied on the electrons will be F:eE:_(1.

n Comparing eq (1) a.(2) .nd K.Econ in K.-@z#Wo" Pa_gc ErectrostatrcFierds :-[**@#@l* Since velocity increases.u2 --.. is : |*d -l*rfi :(1.6 x ) eq.uo(tr.o"" *********** t' . lls Chap 2 lo-re)Eodr*L@]#M (2) we get K. so Gain ' K..Eco..E.Er.

2.1 Correct answer is 0. from the centle.soLuTloNs 2. additional charge wiII be : " -lu(-z) I x (tl) x to' (r)- :l-9 x LOs x 2 x L0-el :18N is and so the net force experienced by the charge Iocated at center F.. since all the charges are exactly equal and at same distance and so the so.2 Correct answer is L8' treated as an since one of the four charges has been removed so. it will be due to the force the so additional -2c charge has been put on the corner.0625a" sol- 2"2. +5 nC *5 nC So the net electric field intensity produced at the point P due to the three point charges is t :>#eaa (where ft is the distance :&la+*+#* of point P from the charge Q) 1a1'Y]' (an: a") : 5 x 1o-e x e x 1oe x [#+ t*L]"" :19."t--18+0:18N sol- 2.r. Flom the positions of the three point charges as shown in the figure will point charges the all to due intensity field we conclude that the electric be directed along 4.414 " since. so the point on the Iine joining the two charges as shown in figure' P must be located .4 Correct answer is 0.2 Page 114 f.2. the forces get cancelled by the diagonally opposite charges net force on the charge located at centre is F'. both the point charges are positive.hap 2 Electrostatic Fields soL 2"?.0N sol 2.3 Correct answer is 19'0625 below.

.4I4m sol 2. The charge located in the region 2 - 160 pC cm ( r < o is _Q_1 ^v-2-2x160:80PC Similarly as calculated in previous question we have or or 80 x q : 80pc : 10-.[i.rd0dfr) + (o.e.]'/3 :2.oz.. the direction of electric field intensity due to the two charges so will be opposite l^"#l_l#etl:.6 x 10-10 Correct answer is 2. rherefore. ...becm : 2.:2 jtC :2 X 10-o C total charge present throughout the shell is defined as the volume integral of the charge density inside the region: q t. : sOL 2. + -/q-LA *ff:-l+J2 r:0.6 .6x10-1e) ht" .(1-r) r rV-Tal{ Page 115 Chap 2 P +1m- Electrostatic Fields Given the net electric field intensity at point P is zero :0 l.2 :f+nx2 x 106.+]or.? Correct answer is I # I P. so we have the distance of point P from charge * Q as: r:0.'' Correct answer is 160.. Given the volume charge density.d'u I:. So the p. Since the net charge in the subregion: B0% of.E Since. : sot.du\ I:Lt:.s . E.414 As discussed aborb the point P must be located between the two charges.2.6 cm -48. 2"t"6 1. Charge density in a certain region is defined as the charge per unit volume. :f : o.t' " 1o-6)(lsind d'rdad'Q) :f+n{zx1o-)"\$1.474 and - r:-2..e. 2f :(t_r)2 t+2r-|:o -.(2 [#*iS x 10-6) (fsin0d.[.2. the electlonic charge So the charge density : n%!3# _#x(-1.

'.2.3 x lo-e .:Y'D:2r l.y :6.9 Net electric potential due to two or more point charges is defined as : rz ' -\.as : I).12 (f as:4trfa.8 x 10-8 :- 48 nC/m3 Chap 2 Electrostatic FieldE soL 2.C sol- 2.9 Correct answer is 6.e.. :8 [-. According to Gauss's Iaw the total charge stored in a closed surface is equal to the surface integral of its flux density over the closed surface.2. Q :I o.- Page 116 4.2. :4x2x2:16C 2.L I 4reoR . Given the surface charge density Ps :\ra Clm2 So.) : *[+]. According to Gauss law the volume Charge density in a certain region is equal to the divergence of electric flux density in that region.e. r. i.:tJr=t J 's sol.e.5 .59 J.s : eoQf)(Anf) :toX 3X4ttx2a : 5.3e8 c aoL 2. e : I p.a. :25otr: 785.8 Correct answer is 25.d. E:3fa.2.11 Correct answer is 5.tr' x (d"S: z) (P d'\$ d'z) pdfrdzj\ at lili^"1r13..)(zn. Total stored charge on the disk is evaluated by taking surface integral of the charge density.3 i .2.{O Correct answer is 785.d's : [\z.) r:2rn Correct answer is 16.rd. 2.s *" : [' [-"*t lzry\drd.1p. P:2 :8XItZ":8zr:25. Q: I o.vdz). total stored charge on the triangular surface is .398 .13 / Correct answer is -578. P. So total charge enclosed by the cube is g: I o"d'u : I' I' I-'{rr)(d. Q.1 Given the surface charge density ps: p2 z So the total charge distributed over the cylindrical surface is .2.5.l Gf d d.:f n-'as:qt'E'ds .3 nC 2.

' ."=r.1pC and -4r*R.r'u r+\$x 1:-+:-0. divD:V'D D .o_:o'* I'I:'_. Given the electric flux density : iaa.C.L1l .0.) V .S is normal vector so. : (*".rs (center of the cube is located * (+.-.d\$ atY:o' araz+ rt [' rert ['tf atV=1.1667 5.Rr 2"s.]:-5z8ev Thus sttt- : Correct answer is -0. :-[4]. sol.ilr- where cha. r: I I:.: o.b d. D :l2rE+2iyl : j + f.24 .+f*a.t.4. The total flux leaving the closed surface is : f O . a*a. * f"I'-if :.. IiSht [dr]. s. the electric potential at t/- Q.rges is Qhap 2 Electroetatic Fields RyR2 are the distance of the point P Qt:l7p.'. L.*&".16G7 Correct answer is 0.83 -.1'u. Qr:. :-!.f' I'uaaar+ f f'iara. aS ( to surface) The closed cube has total eight surfaces but as the vector field has no component in a. from the two point charges respectively.l y'#anCl^' So.**"")' (iw.4 : u:H[#_f.0::.point P due to the two point So.. direction so we have the integrals only through the four separate surfaces as shown in the figure . we /ir : have . Page 117 Q. So.Ti.75 .

2"t8 Correct answer is 0.4".19 Correct answer is 36. the volume charge density at.6V sol 2"2.nCfmz at any point is equal point. +Ql4 +g/4 +Q/4 +Qla Therefore.:Y. Again from the given data we have the electric flux density a. the potential at the center of the loop will be v :4(H#) : .nCfm2 So.) x 10-e :0.n x loe) 'Pq+r!) (Q : 20 nC) .D-h*1r1tr-' sol.17 x 5 x 4d (r: nClm} 0.6 .{6 Chap 2 Correct answer is 4.4 due to the dipole located at point B t/ - "- as: p'AB 4treolABl3 -(Ia.t D:2lfa. 2. we ha. r:1m r:1m as is p.2 m) Correct answer is 0. Electric potential at a distance R from a dipole having moment p is defined as .Page 11E sol. Itom the given data v/e have the electric flux density at Electrostatic Fields r:0'2 m as D:Sfa.2.F so we have the potential at point . Since the charge is being split and placed on a circular loop so the distance of all the newly formed point charges from the center of the loop will be equal as shown in the figure.2.ivergence charge densitY at r:0'2 m as According to Gauss law the volume charge density Po:Y 'D :\$fter'fl):+ :20r : 2.)' (arj:u*8a. 2.ve the volume so at that density flux of the to the d.- an+2a.r-P'R ' .

at Given the electric field intensity in the cartesian system as E :2ya.4(1. T The work done in carrying a charge q from one point to other point in the field . .15.z1zhdy] :.. The work done in carrying a charge q from point .2J6:o [(. the expression to get W W .3) to the point B(4.rra. ar.5J 1.?.sL 2"2"20 Correct answer is . __ :saL 2"2. * [=."" - y: .0) is w .rl[^.E)ar+ l'.1.4 to point B in the field E is defined as w -.5 .. the work done is now we put r: pcosQ.E is defined as w --ol n.112. &6- "inscos cos@ in (p: t) gdft :-2xt[!sin(zQ)aft :* Uau) Electrostatic Fields . and since the differential displacement in cartesian system is given as dI : dra.at and since the differential displaceinent for the defined circular arc is dl : pd\$aa as-obtained from the figure So.or] The curve along which the charge is being carried is given as :G I we have w --zl[^z(/..21 Correct answer is r:2U2 TI -t 3 -'121 ^l7Jt 15.t['n .z l"/n -zf psinS 1J - Qddaa) and o. a6--sin\$.+l*vny+!ta'l|.t2ra.) A Therefore..* dyau* dza" So. the work done in carrying charge Q:*2C from point .

36nJ soL 2.36 :24. - B so the potential at B q -- 4T€oA and therefore the work done in placing the second charge at B is w2: qv2: r(#*) :-1-*10-tt:9nJ I 47f€s and similarly the potential at the corner C corners A and B l.'C is'' I L ':=*r.e.:ffif.rge is'being placed at coiner D so the potential at D due td the cha.1 m {i* B *1 lm nc Lm *1 nc Considet the last cha. Wr:24. .-fiir /2) \ :24.:@.22 Chap 2 *1 nc Electrosiatic Fields 1m +1 nc D .2.72 .Page 120 saL 2"2.36nJ . will be due to the charges at v.4 l.e.rges placed tr.#)] : (9 x loe) x ro-"/{=+ r\ \r'2 I and the work done in placing the last charge at D has already been calculated in previous question l. any of the corner and therefore the work done in carrying the first cha.t the cornErd' A. r/y.h) therefore the work done in placing the third charge at C is ws: qvs: r[#(t.36volt potential is zero so the work done in at infinity As the charge from infinity tothe fourth corner is ca.B.rge is w:0 now consider the second charge is being placed at will be only due to the charge at corner .4 will be zero as there is 1ro anJ chalge prggen! at.rrying the last (s: 1nc) W:eV:10-eX24. Consider the first charge is being'placed at / so the potential at .23 Correct answer is a8.e.'9=#(+.

4 is "tl :gx10n-==4--9x103 - JgiW+T So the work done in transferring the charge w:eav tol.604 J Correct answer is 0. v:*# .26 : (2 = 1. 2.n.r : 1pc) *2 mC at point Bis (t#d) (ga : 2 mC) .nswer is 8.! # i.rge g from point r4 to point B in the field -E is defined as w __tl. The work done in carrying a cha.tC (1+ 1) x (2)' x [sin@]lg' :_16r*:_r' sL 2. now the potential at point B due to the charge at .ssembling the whole ctrnfrguration of four charges is 9L 2.4 and differential displacement in the cylindrical coordinate systep from A to B may be given as dI : pddao for0<d<30" w- Therefore the work done is.nsferred first. a Q:2C Given that E: sindop * (z * l) pcos Sa6 * psinga" B have h: h:2 and zt: z2:1 so the and since the given points .m *8 nc 1 cm Page 121 4z: *8 nc x /t% (q.T.So the total work done in a.2-25 Correct answer is 1.4(-3. 9s= 1cm *E nc ./2.24 Chap 2 * Electrostatic Fields ={'iY.6 : 48 z2 nr Correct a.2.2. from infinity to the given point . -. Consider the *LpC charge is tra.6. * ty o cos6)bd6) f :-2 x ".604 .312 8a- *8 nc 8r= x 1o-3) .0) so the work done for transferring the charge will be zero as there is no charge initially present.

n .page 122 The total potenJial energy stored in the system is given by Chap2 ElectrostaticFields. and %r are the potential at the 1"t corner due to the charges e2. #l + Therefore the total energJ stored in the cube is We : w: J wrdu |uo f' I' [l# + .Vs. (qz: qz: {a:8nc) 8x10-s[ 1 .2.x A(nVr) :2 x (8 x 10-'g) x (1'944 x 10) : 1 0'312 mJ Correct answer is 9.". Qsa\d qa resPectivelY n:*l&*#6*u3t] So..u7. s.68x10-13J ssl.68 Energy density in a certain region in free space having electric field intensity .*Na.944 x 104 V Since all the charges are equal so the potential will be same at aII the corners and therefore the total potential energy stored in the system of the charges is W '.r. :leo(E . OnTl -1- :7. l0T1+ 0.l# #.zs Correct answer is 5.E ls defined as uu:lesE.#l . 1l : --Ge.18 . 4r :8nC and potential.{rr- 2. E and since the electric field is equal to the negative gradient of the potential sowehave B:-YV :-\K""*%". :2lO"V W _l where q. is the charges ? .f "o ral*"i So the energy density inside the cube w. As calculated in the above question energy density at any point inside the cube is . 1 .f r a. E) will be :ir.+4q+]a""lv1* -1Ityr-' ' ' .n" four corners and % is the total electric potential at the corresponding corners' For the l"t corner : Charge. V: Vt* Vv* Vn where Vrr.z.:!^1fu+#.2? :.fu + fu]a'aua' :zl' I'li)aw-#-#l:^** :\x3*#:9.

5.roffi (*" .lvlm .s.30 Correct answer is 5.5.1"") [(*1.bg Correct answer is 2. x ro-. is radial direction of earth. the electric field at any point inside a charged solicl sphere is ' : *(5)". taking the magnitude only we have ttre required field intensity.r14) A-Blm So the net electric field at Enet point P is : Ee* Ea* Ec and since the electric field intensity at any distance Q is defined so as t : &fr R from :'hPrtfi+kartft.2. lq. Page 123 .83 .. : ]"[651fr 3- 2. The electric field to counter act the gravitational force must produce the same force as applied by gravity but in opposite direction. charges located at points kQ '-l .t14. r is the distance from center of the sphere and p.Ec' respectively. Es and.2. So. rne is the mass of electron.59 tr:t! ])f g is :b. 1.2. Consider the electric field intensity produced at point p(0.1) due to the A.a.25 (1. c respectively as shJ*.rartft] (!u*!*) (-i"*i"") :G^"I(+FilI*- a point charge En"'l '^rffi. B and. is the volume charge density given as where 2 Electrostatic Fields Correct answer is 5.P(0. at the centre of the cube (1. i. (+r]''' and since En"t:0 (1) so we have 3 " 1'uY' aY- 4k t(*l Solving the equation we sol 2.5) Chap l:s'rsx10-13J e(n) : m"S(. gs (g E =rneg: 2. acceleration due to gravity and a. .e.Gll''' & : 5.r*in*/figure is E. 1.57 .) where e is the charge of an electron.3r + get in t1 n''' -0 [(?i.So.1. As discussed earlier.5) the energy density is .roffi.

at t:0.:T.4 .r7 x 1011)r x5 .-_--_'sol.77 x 10-11C/m3 Electrostatic Fields so the force acting on electron when the sphere is it is at a distance F:eE *"ffi: d.72 X r r E: let 10-11) x 1o-31X8. r:3m So putting as the electron is located it in equation (1) we get.33 is g"or(r/tr? xloflt) : JTl7Vffi "nJ?Vffi :_ f :. 2rf 2.2 from the center of (e is the charge of an electron) (rn.12x1011)r:o Solving the differential equation we have r: a'"o/(.GF Page 124 Chap 2 (Q:znC.fr:-.44 ' Givei the total charge on the disk is Q :900tr pC : 9002r x 10-0 C a :6m radius of the disk is and since the charge has been distributed uniformly over the surface the small charge element dQ on the disk at a distance r from the center shown in figure is given as de --lQ\rq 7*" - goon x 1o-6 "(6Y Qd. 2.:44 x 104 Hz :54. As calculated in above question the position of the electron at any time : 'r So./t-r? x mtrt) + Arsi"(/t-rz x tbil t) ""(1) where Ar and Az are constants' Now.83m Correct answer is 54.A 2x10-e p.2.?. #*(1.32 t:1Psec r':2.R:3m) :I. f h o. Ar at one end of the hole. :3 0 as the electron is released from rest' Az : O So putting it in equation (L) we get Thus the position of electron at any time t is again at t:0.6 x 10-1rX1.4KiH2 Correct answer is 9. #: r=lcos(/ttzxrort) At sot. is mass of an electron) "XG) (_ 1.85 x 1o-") d2r E-___(L.rdg) so as .

= 25 x l}-ortlrilg' The force applied by the charge. k :2. is unit vector directed toward point p arong p.!:8: e.2. Now consider the complete spherical surface defined by r: 4g m through which the total flux is equal to the point charge.2 . So the total flux passing through the hemispherical surface will be half of the point charge. is defined as Eot:2ffio0 where o.5 . According to Gauss's law the total electric flux through any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the volume. l sol. 50 ttC 2 :25p.C Correct answer is 19. Total charge before redistribution.element dQ on at point P is d.2. Q.5 . As the charge is redistributed so the total charge will remain same on the sphere.44N Correct answer is 2.4l' -!]cJ olo: or soL 2. the force .r qrnh : +rk[f.36 I I Correct answer is 25.F : x (150 1o-6) dQ _ the Page 125 150pC charge located x 70-6) dQ (l + to.rge of density pr. :f o. direction and the net force by projection on z-axis is given as F p -.d'r: (o c/m3)(\$"(tI) (p.:11? Ij?t (Pr': 80 nc'a': Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields au' P- 6 m) exerted on the line charge rocated at .22.:6Cl^') 8zr Coulomb and total charge after redistribution Since So. The electric field intensity produced at a distance p from a line cha.35 2. we have an : ['n1+tr)(Sf _ ra)d. the electric field acting on the line charge at y:3m due to the line charge located at g:-3m is ffi" Therefore. so. (150 As the disk has uniformly distributed charge so the horizontal component of the field is get cancelled and the net force will have the only component in a.34 :zzo"l_ffi1:^: e.

^:h(ffi+#*h) :9 x 1oe rv x to=.2 x 10-'g) x (730. The four charges located at the corners of square 4 cm has been shown in figure below : L.75 .N Correct answer is 1.4 due to the other three charges is r''t " .92Yo1I net potential energy stored in the system is given the Therefore.@rdz)(E) (80 x 10-'g)(240ar) : 19.--!-+-]-+ Lu A x 1.J ***xx***x<** as .2 nc 1.9:3m Page 126 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields is F: : s0t 2. the electric potential at all the corners will be va : vc .2. w :llav :trQova* Qsvs* Qcvc+ qDvD) :Ir 4x(r./z) Volt Similarly.vo: ve:730.2 nc 4cm The net potential at the charge located at .24v tr.\ Axto-") 102/z + -L\ \-'. J.2 : 10.92 \a 1 .+6rtotr'2 x 1o-'g/.2 nc D l" 1^ l"l A !.8 x 4 730.3? 11.e2) : 1.2 nc L.7b u.

Assertion(A) is true but Reason(R) is false. therefore the potential function will have neither a maxima nor a minima inside the defined region.3. the electric field intensity outside a charged sphere having total charge Q is determined by treating the sphere as a point charge I.7 Option (C) is correct. According to Gauss law the total outward electric flux from a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it i.3.5 Option (D) is correct.3. yE :0 p. the net electric field flux emanating from al arbitrary surface not enclosing a point charge is zero. so the condition of maxima/minima doesn't satisfy the Laplace's equation. .d. sol 2. sol. Therefore. sol. Laplace's equation for a scalar function V is defined y2V:0 as but at the point of maxima v 2 7 must have a negative value while at the point of minima V 2 7 must have a positive value. E : -Q-a4nesrt where r is distance of the point form center of sphere and a" is it's radial direction. According to Gauss's law Po:eYE So when the field intensity is uniform and F 3. Option (D) is correct.S:e"n" so when the charge enclosed by the volume is zero then the net outwar<l flnx is zeroj or in other words.3.S Option (A) is correct.3 Page 127 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields L 2-3. sol. 2. 2. 'Option (A) is correct. So the electric field intensity at any point outside the charged sphere is not zero.4 Option (D) is correct. sol 2. sol ?. : 1YE:Q So no charge can be present 2. .soLUTloN\$ 2.3.3.:fo.9 Option (C) is correct.3 in a uniform electric field. 2.t Option (C) is correct.e.3. ii . Now.9 Option (A) is correct.e.

2"3. 2.'lO Opti'on. 2.' \${}L 2"3.128 Chap 2 Electrostatiq Fields sol.3.1S Option (B)is correat.3-{4 Option (A) is correct.3.18 Option (A) is correct.Page.t9 Option (A) is eorrect.". \$(rL 2.17 Optioq (A) is correet.3. sol. 2. 2.3. .11 Optrion (A)'is correct. (A) tb Soft_Qftai{ \#r- 2. *********+* .3. sol.12 Option (C) is correcL .3. sol. soL 2. r 8SL 2. sol.'13 Option (B) is correct.3.15 Option (A) is correet.

2 Option (C) is correct. #=* . we get : : sol density D Since. E : ra. Given.'"*41.4 Option (D) is correct.E is a vector quantity while the erectric potential V is a scalar quantity.e.r+ y is !)'rar* 1'"a.drl ardyl a.22+ .4 Page 129 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields Option (C) is correct. the potential difference between point X and u".. charge density at any point in terms of electric D is defined as Pr:Y'D .'.dz So. At point fl'x S[ro("or'6)o"l pcos2dcfms ."orr(*) :t:o'5c/m3 (r.1 : -i[r' .zp(cos2d)a"Clm2 Po:Y 'D So. l.t.a.*2au_ a.ay So. Es:2a".. . .4.t : :-lg f. :_ ["8 .1' + 02 .ii. d. is assumed very high ln comparison to the separation d between the plates. Electric field intensity .3r] : 02 J. ez Et .*41. 2.* yar_l za" dI : a.4.'.{. Ez: a. the electric field intensity. 3(}L ?.soluTloNs 2. Given the electric field vector at point and Q3 are respectively. :1t.3 Option (C) is correct.'. :. lBa.t).4. p due 5 to the three charges er. For an ideal capacitance the area of plates."" toN. rd. the net field intensity at point p is ':il. 2.4"5 Option (A) is correct.

the curl of a gradient of a scalar field is identically zero. According to uniqueness theorem : If a solution to Laplace's equation (a) be found that satisfies the boundary condition then the solution is unique' Here it is given that the potential functions y1 and v2 satisfy Laplace's equation within a closed region and has the same value at its boundary so both the functions are identical' Option (A) is correct' FYom Maxwell's equation we have YxE:-# Y xE:-ftlv r/) (B: v x r4. + + + + + + r equipotential surface This is the similar case to method of images. So' we get E++A:-vv dt i.{.'\.) v x(n+4a\:o . the conducting surfaces are being replaced by the image of charge distribution which gives a system of charge distribution.4. E * -v v in time varying field therefore A and R both are true and R is the correct explanation of A. the fringing effect at the plates edges can be neglected and thelefore' we get the capacitance between the parallel plates as Page 130 Cbap 2 c:+ Electrostatic Fields So A and R both true and R is correct explanation of A' sol. so.6 Option (A) is correct. .a pair of line charges equipotential surface exists where the normal distance from both the line charges are same.so. 2"4. \$oL 2. in solving boundary value problems we can avoid solving Laplace's or Poission's equation and directly apply the method of images to solve it.9 Option (A) is correct. the plane surface between the two line charges will be equipotential.dr I Since.e.S \$oL 2. Thus both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A' sol 2.7 Option (D) is correct. using method of images.4. For. So.

in charge free which is Laplace equation. :-&Vo. (Since all other derivatives will be zero) Given that the inner surface is at potential I/s while the outer one is grounded so the region between the two surfaces will have a gradually decreasing potential and so. \$L 2.12 Option (C) is correct.4.4. so at anv point between the two surfaces the electric field is given as E --O. 4. So. . E will not be uniform and it is radially directed as calculated above (in o.5). :T(30L 2. = Page 131 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields P(6. The surface charge density at plane r 8 is shown in the figure.: 0) we get the Poisson's equation as v2V :0 So. -5) The point P is located at (6.{t a.sol :d"{fi Option (A) is correct.):-Joa. direction). The Poisson's equation is defined vrV where space as :-* I/ is electric potential ar'd po is charge density. Consider the coaxial cylinder is located along z-axis. the normal vector to the plane Therefore. Option (C) is correct.4. (p. r: 8 pointing toward P is (trt AL' :- . the electric flux density produced at point P is D:to.

total energy stored in the system of charges is as w:r(+av):m (1) potential at Now..Page 132 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields sol.(1 *?): So.5 m The net stored charge in the system of n charges is defined _ w _!s-o.t3 Option (C) is correct.. is it Electric field divergence is not zero and so Statement 2 is correct' point' Electric field is static only from a macroscopic view Statement 3 is correct' work done in moving a charge in the electric field from one point to other is indePendent of the Path' Statement 4 is correct' . when the charges are separated by 1m then the electric any of the charge Q due to the other two charges is h w: +.5 m 0.4.* gr is one point chaigl and yA is the net electric potential at the point charge due to the other charges' Now. Statement 1 is correct' not solenoidal. Electric potential due to point charge is defined as IQ v : GqT So.or as v.15 Option (D) is correct.:+_^(&*#) -a 'lf €o given So. (2) :2W Option (A) is correct.5Wr or W. placed at a separation of 0'5 m Consider the three equal charges of Q C is as shown in figure below : 0.e' equipotential surface about a Point charge is sPhere' 2. 2.wehavethenetelectricpotentialatanyofthepointchargeQlocated where in the system as .ta : O. the stored energy in the new svstem is w:B(+av):# FYom equation (1) and (2) we have Wz z. for the equal distance r potential will be same i.4. . 2r.4. An electrostatic field has its curl always equals to zeto' so electric field is irrotational.

1) from the line charge will be same so.'!? Option (C) is correct. 3t."{.li Eoe lk":.16 Option (D) is correct. :_foeo 7 -+ Electric potential P. due to the infinite line at both the points P and Q will be same. the field intensity produced.the figure.8.+PE. Since.a Y"E. or. y:0) p.:O Now. the normal distance vector of points . from option (C) we have the electric field component E' : Eoe as rk' The Lapalacian of electric field is : (_ lkf Ese-tu' Y2E. Given electric potential. Therefore. The electric field intensity produced at a distance p from an infinite line charge with density p.1) is . the field intensity at (5.:-240e0 h i' f (r:2. :.6..6. V : Page 13:l Cbap 2 Ioua +2oi Electrstatic Flfds FYom Poisson's equation we have vrv where. Consider the infinitely long uniform charge density shown in. it satisfies the wave equation. Option (A) is correct.s.+ t* 8.!. is defined as E:#h X P (0.4.E. l20r*120a:-ft P. 1) and I (5.4. --+ Charge density (-:).6.I- 2.:eo(I20x2+120x0) il I- 2. : o So. sol.E E' Y2E. the wave equation in space for a propagating wave in z-direction is Y. c. #\toYa + 2or) : . Given.

olxrcnf :2 A-r'rr2 The direction of the magnetic dipole moment is determined by right hand rule. m :2a" i. Electric flux density at a distance r from a point charge Q is defined as D:L^o. D and Ty' are independent of permittivity e of the medium.22 5 x 2r(2)h o:*oo Option (B) is correct.e. So. Chap 2 Electmstatic Fields B(0.m2 Option (B) is correct.4.4.(0. The electric potential produced by 1 pC at a distance (r x ro-u) gooo v :9 r. So. i. consider the height of cylinder is h. According to Gauss's law. o) The magnetic dipole moment is : IS where .Page L34 sol 2. f D' Therefore. .4"1s Option (A) is cotrect Consider the square loop ABCD carrying current 0. sol.e.gQQq is - rT So. we get n(zn(3)h): OI' \$or. : 5 Al^") located aL p:2m. the potential energy stored in the field i.4(10. 10. 0) . dS : Q"n. -10. the total outward flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside it. : (o. both the quantities has not the permittivity e in their expression. 0. Therefore.2.4. sol- 2. Now. 0.I is current in the loop and III.2{ Option (C) is correct.20 A. r : !9r j 10" charges .2.0) c(-10. 4Tr* and the total flux through any defined surface is : Io' '\$ as So.on will be the energy of the ast W:QV : (4 x 1s-u.0) .1A as shown in figure.e. the cylindrical surface at p: 3 encloses the charge distribution (p. ?n ^9 is the area enclosed by loop.

.23 1ry :36 x-I0-3: 5.\ r" p2 &--liri E" -QI 1 _GI n.Sy are get cancelled while 4u and Fjs are get summed to provide the resultant field in .1b x 10-3 Joule Option (D) is correct. 0. J. 2A. The position of points A. their A Since.where r is the distance between the charges given as Page 135 Chap 2 So. Electric field intensity due to a dipole having moment from it is Electrostatic Fields p at a distance r O. . E :leot .4.25 Option (B) is correct.s so the vertical component Fjy and . position charge is placed at A and negative charge resultant field intensity at C is as shown below : at B so. B and C are shown below .24 Option (C) is correct.a" direction.4(0.4. B:leoE' \$L 2. 3) since. the forces fl .":|D. Energy density (energy stored per unit volume) in an electric field is defined AS . : *mV/m |5|- 2.

Since. Electrostatic Fields : Qr: 1nC : 10-e C r:1mm:103m Charges.as:Q". or.28 2.30 esE) : -J-a.23 2"4. Q.as:Ip. the total electric flux over the sphere is given as . Given. the force acting between the charges is o I ----. permittivity of free space) So. Separation between charges. glass has the permittivity greater than 1 (i." J" Io.4.26 Chap ? Option (A) is correct. The force between the two charges q1 and q2 placed in a medirim with permittivity e located at a distance r apart is defined as 7 qtq' n' '-4tre I or F.31 Option (B) is correct. kQtQ. (D: Option (A) is correct. V x E :* sol 2. the sphere centred at origin and of radius 5 m encloses all the charges therefore. \$oL 2.e.?7 Option (C) is correct. Jr'"-" J"- Option (C) is correct.4. According to Gauss's law.d.e.Page 136 sot- 2"4. The electric field at a distance r from the point charge q located in a medium with permittivity e is defined as E so|- as \$n. the force between the two charges will decreases as the glass is placed between the two charges. fn-as:lp.e. vrr sol.4. So.e. f - o x toe(to-e)'z - :9x103N 30L 2"4. Since. force is inversely proportional to permittivity of the medium. 4trer" o€-1 : -!-A4trf Option (D) is correct. the Gauss's law can be written Y xD:p.! i. According to Gauss's law the total electric flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it.d. For according to Gauss's law the total outward electric flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by the surface' i. the surface integral of flux density through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside the closed surface (volume integral of charge density) i..u In differential form.

0t009 Pte l37 CtA t Electrostatk 0.4"3& Option (B) is correct.4.32 3. (") and (d) are correct while (b) is incorrect. So. of electric field over the area.e.05 .008 + 0. Option (C) is correct. FiS . Electric flux thro'gh a surface area is the integral of the normal component.4"3\$ Option (C) is correct.049 pC Option (A) is correct. 2. According 2. to Gauss's the outward electric flux density through any closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it. Electric potential at . so the statements (u). 2.) it (i.4.16 Option (C) is correct.3* : : : Qrl. So.E:0 is conservative.10 nC due to 10 nC charge is t/.32 45 Option (D) is correct.4. Since the electric field is negative gradient of the electric potential so the field lines will be orthogonal to the equipotential lines (surface). V it x.4._ I Q GqT :gxtOnx 10-ll4 : J2'+o+o 45 Volt and so the energy stored is W": QV : (_10 x 10-e) x :-450nJ 2. The electric force on both the charges will have same magnitude. l.e..4"34 Option (B) is correct.2. Force between the two charges Q1 and e2 is defined as F : QtQz *n n'' 4reuR2 when the charges are of same polarity then the force between them is repulsive. The curl of . According to Gauss's law the surface integral of normal component of flux density over a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside it. so 2. As the expression of Force includes the term e (permittivity of the meclium) it depends on the medium in which the charges are placed. A is true but R is false. So electric field out side the spherical balloon doesn't change with the change in its radius and so the energy density at point P is wa for the inflated radius b of the balloon.E is identically zero. The electrostatic field is a gradient of a scalar potential. The electric field due to a positive charge is directed away from outwards.bu -.Qz-t Qt 0. n 2.

Consider the force experienced by Q is F1. For the same where 11 value of 7 (equipotential surface) a plane can be defined exactly at the centre point between them.4. E:?:O and i{ r.v v)]: p V ' (uv V) :*p This is the Poissions law for inhomogenous medium. . ['(.i!:} Option (B) is correct. i i In.e.e. i:. *. there is no any external applied field (or force) so. D(4na2) 1 :t.r.r-8. at:o E:o 'ot (Conservative) So. (a). (c) and (d) satisfies that the field is conservative. sum of all the forces in the system of charges will be zero. option (A) is correct. Y'(eE):p v . charge free region characteristic In a (p.]r. i :. Since. As the potential difference between two points is not zero inside a field the statement (b) is incorrect. So.e.s IlYY ' -Ti€nrr-41ttrr. Poissions law is deiived from Gauss's law as Y'D:p For inhomogeneous medium e is variable and so.d. EF 3F+2F+ :0 Fr:0 R:-5F i{ i. Net outward electric flux through the spherical surface.is Option (A) is correct..E:0 (for static field) Option (D) is correct.t t l...(t"d) : P:! no' p:ffa.4r{3 Option (D) is correct.ds:{:o.. l. or. For a pair of equal and opposite linear chargeis the electric potential defined is a.E:0 (Conservative) Work done in a closed path inside the field is zero l i.C1m. . I i- so.4"..rs V x. r: a is fo. . and rz are the distances from the charges respectively.:0) electrostatic field has the following Y . Page 13E Chap 2 t Electrostatic Fields E:-YV V x.

So we have.* sinda6) So. According to Gauss' law the total outward flux from a closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the surface.R) (. and B x Option (C) is correct. for the given dipole. p://-rt=7 t:##(o+oa) i. 2-447 Option (C) is correct. Electric field intensity due to a short dipole having a very small separatiorr d. n:?4jff{?o") _20x10-ex9x :l- 2. Electric field intensity due to a infinite charged surface is defined n Page 189 as Chap 2 : !*a^ zeo Electrostatic Fields where p.(Since the surface z: I}m th' is above the origin). >> d) 90' Therefore. Given that. fa.e.point E r outside the sphere is defined : --Q-a4nesI4 as for r) and the field intensity inside the sphere is F ':Cqffi* 0r : - So the electric potential forr<a :--!-0' 4trena3* at any point r: b < a is a. .4. 2-4. d: (for d << . p. is surface charge density and a" is the unit vector normal to surface directed towards the point of interest. :20nCf m2:20 x 10-e Cf m2 and an :- a.J.4 Option (D) is correct.46 Option (C) is correct. a* a distance ./t5 4n J6ltra"y /m #(2cosoa. Electric {ield intensity at any.B from it is defined as t : b: 70e 1 t' 2.4.

I" rdlL *.6.-@t .e.). Given. E:-Y V i.q* 1) at given point' Option (A) is correct.fn' Page 140 Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields :.) I'L^neoo'd' Option (A) is correct.v:-le-at :--l' *"' (d.ra. electric field does not vanish \$*:- ?"4. .So'thefieldintensitybetweentheplatesisdefinedas E' D-d -v xx***x*{<t<*{< .z)an-?A)o" at (r: !. : -(Ary)a. V :Zty- yz of the Electric field intensity at any point is equal to the negative gradient Potential. A:0' a:E:-4ay*0 So. the electric Potential. to a consider iwo parallel plates separated by a distance d is connected voltagesourceV.ss ^#ftu'- (dra..

The situation when matter is actually present in an electrostatic field is very different. It is represented by . i. conduction current Density: It is produced._ at *Qll_alxrH_n3 ELEGTRIC FIELD IN MATTER INTRODUCTION The laws of electrostatics that we have formulated in the previous chapters. Conduction current density is defined AS J:oE 3. For example. current through a vacuum. It dan be classified in the following three types: 1.s lau.e. conductor. where a is the conductivity of the conductor. In general. This does not obey ohm. It is defined as the rate of change of erectric flux densitv with time. and E is the applied electric field. This chapter concerned with the electric fields in matter includes the following topics: o o o o o o il' Electric current density and continuity equation Electric field in conductors and dielectrics Electric boundary conditions for different media interfaces Capacitors: parallel plate. cylindrical. spherical Capacitance and energy stored in capacitors Poisson's and Laplace's equations. liquid and so on is convection current. Current densities are vector quantities an6 it has the unit of Ampere/m2. current through a capacitor when a time-varying voltage is applied is displacement current. Displacement c'rrent Density: It flows as a result of time_varying electric field in a dielectric material.r. current in a conductor like copper is conduction current.. convection current Density: It is produced by a beam of erectrons flowing through an insulating medium. This obeys ohm's law. t _aD_^AE "a - 0T -'aT . flowing at a rate u is given as J" : PoU 2. due to flow of erectrons in a. and their solutions ELECTRIC CURRENT DENSITY Electric current density is defined as the current at a given point through a unit normal area at that point. For example. For example. relate to phenomena where no bulk matter is present. the convection current density through a firament with charge density p.

E D--eE ort where e is the permittivity of the dielectric material and e " is the dielectric constant also called the relative permittivity of the dielectric material.2) space and X. shown in Figure 3. If the current density through the closed surface .4.i.x... 3.(3.3). the electric flrrx density inside the material is given by D:eoE*P where P ..2 DielectricConstant In a dielectric material. :1*X" .4.3 Chap 3 ""*'J':::'=::::conductins resion with vorumd charge densitv p.Page 142 3.5 the conducting region be J.1 Electric Susceptibility Electric susceptibility is a measure of sensitivity of a given dielectric to electric field. we may express the electric flux density as D:eo(I+x")E Thus. we define the electric flux density in terms of electric field intensity as .. a dielectric material varies directly as thenpplied electric field .(3. we get the relation between dielectric constant and electric susceptibility as e.S ELECTRIC FIELD IN A DIELECTRIG TATERIAL When an electric field E is applied to a dielectric material.3) D -.E so) we can write Ort PsE P .1) and (3..1. 3.eoE where eo is the permittivity of the free . polarisation P of.4 (Differential form) .. as :-*l (Integral form) o.o.4.2). by comparing the above expression to equation (3.. S o Figtrre :. Since. is the electric susceptibility of the material.1 : Current through a closed Surface 3. v'J:-4# Closed surface. then the continuity equation is defined as Electric Field in Matter ft .(3.1) is the polarization of the dielectric material' 3.3 Relation between Dielectric Constant and Electric Susceptibility FYom equations (3.eoe.

IIB ELECTRIC BOUNDARY CONDITIONS If an electric field exists in a region consisting of two different media. i.al breakdown. Following are the electric boundary conditir. longer behaves as dielectric. The dielectric strength is measured in V7* o. it begins to pull'electrons completely out of molecules and the dielectric becorues condrrcting.2 : Dieiectric-Dielectric Boundary Conditions If no free charge is present at boundary interface.1 Dielectric-Dielectric Boundary Conditions Consider the two different dielectric media 1 and 2. the electric flux density rnav irt decomposed as where Dt and D.i:i:::.''i. D:DtlD.1 Dielectric . respectively. respectively.own has occurred.ns defined for different media interfaces: L5. kV/cm. we decompose the electrical vector into two orthogoiracomponents as E:Et+8. tA. where -81 and En are the tangential and normal components of E to tjrt. To define the electric boundary conditions. Accorcli.-. characterisecl by thc permittivities e1 and s2. shown in Figure 3.'t.t:]t:].g to boundary condition. Similarly. When a dielectric becomes conducting. Breakdown Page 143 When the applied electric field in a dielectric is sufficiently large.L43.e.:l l'igulc i]. Once breakdown occurs. it is said thal d.ielectt1r.2.3. Et. dielectric starts cond.ucting and 'rc.:. are the tangential and normal components of D to the media interface.2 Dielectric Strength The dielectric strength of dielectric materials is defined ix the maximr:rrr electric field which a dielectric can tolerate or withstand without electrit. media interface.: E* Qu:Pn tr €z It:'. the tangential component of the electric field is continuous at the boundary. then the boundan condition for the normal component is given by . respectively. thgrr the conditions that the field must satisfy at the interface betweerr th< two media are called electric boundary condit'ions. Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter . breakd.

the boundary condition for normal component is defined ". . Figure 3.3 shows the capacitor with A capacitor three different shaPes.e.::".D'n: Chep \$ Dzn €zEzn I : Ps Boundary Conditions I or the Page 144 : €t=rn slrface charge density at boundary interface is ps.y condition for tangentiar comnonents as Also. n -Ps and 3.3 as (c. then the Wherr bouudary corrdition becomes (Dr.5. Let E1 and E.5.) nearic Field in Matter 3. E:0).or the resistivity I is zero. 3._.._" so. the conductivity is infinite. and medium 2 | Assume that medium 1 is a dielectric with is a conductor. Dn: ps .: ?: Conductor-Free Space Boundary I ? | i Conditions These boundary conditions will be identical as those for a conductordielectric boundary except that e will be replaced by e6 ' so that the boundary conditions for the tangential and normal cornponents become Dt:O: Et.@. p 0 and so' the field permittivity s.2 Conductor-Dielectric I I I o .6 '" €o CAPACITOR essentially consists of two conducting surfaces separated by a layer of insulating medium called Dielectric. respectively be the tangential and normal I conrponents of the electric field intensity in the dielectric at boundarY I For a perfect conductor. (i. Metal Conducting conducting spheres Dielecftic Material (u) I I Drr:Ps or. we denne r?i:".ll: (a) Parallel Plate'Capacitor' (b) Cylindrical Capacitor' (c) Spherical Capacitor i l i . The purpose of capacitor is to store the energy in Electrostatic Field.l Fignle il.Dr. I ) a conductor inside is zero.

ob \ al Energy Stored in a Capacitor The energy stored in a capacitor is equar to the work done to charge general.Gnt-iqm. poisson'" reduces to "qultio.2 : -""\brru( . p. In this region. o and b respectively. tnu' its capacitance is defined as t F t a c :9: p..permittivity .g separated by a distance d. :_+ where z is the electric potential in the region.s equation."d : i"n where is the energy in Joule.- t t t 6. poisson. then the solution is unique. and outer radius b' rt e be the permittivity of the dielectric medium between the cylinders. we give e coulombs of charge to one of the two plates oi"up*ito.s Itr{to. then the capacitance of the spherical capacitor is given by C - 3.. and v is POISSON'S AND IAPLACE. the stored energ"y in a capacitor is defined a. the voltage 3. In the special case of (i.6.7 it. ''i**ain Volt. if a solution to Laprace's equation or Poisson's equation can be found that satisfies the boundary conditions. then the capacitance of the cylindrical capacitor is given by L " _.s equation is defineJas p. and. suppose. of the dielectric medium between the spheres.""* The unit of capacitance is coulomb/volt which is also called Farad Capacitance of a parallel plate Capacitor Consider the two metallic plates of equal area .t.d.".7.. v2V :0 charge-free region a which is known as Laplace. 3.1 Capacitance The property of capacitor to store the electricity is called its capacitance.rn@d 2re t/1 Capacitance of a Spherical Capacitor consider a spherical capacitor If e be the permittivity with inner and outer radii.1 Uniqueness Theorem According to uniqueness theorem.S EQUAT consider a certain region with the volume charge density e. inner radius o. In c is the capacitance in Fara. then the capacitance of the parallel plate capacitor is given by If c:+ Capacitance of a Cylindrical Capacitor consider a cylindrical capacitor of length z. e be the permittivity of the dielectric medium between the parallel plates. Fage 145 Chap 3 Electric Eield in Matten .:0). and if a potential difference of 7 volts is established between trr" t*i.

*<t<*t<* .Page 146 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter *x*t<r<*.

Y1m (B) 150ooV/m (C) 318.8W 175.50 0.44a (D) s.h. A/m2 volume charge density in the region at a particular point (h.7a.45volt (C) 2.3w (A) aI\$Q 3 The resistance between the cylindrical surfaces will be (A) McQ (D) (B) 18 w (D) o.B only (D) independent of both r and r? .{ Page 147 art-^e Electric Field in Matter -Common Data For Q.R respectively then the ratio of the current densities in the two materials will (A) depend on r only (c) depend on both r and -R (B) depend on . If the inner and outer radius of the jacket are r and .813 @) 2. two perfectly conducting surfaces of length 2 m are located at p:3 and p:5cm.3a0 V/m (D) 0 V/m 3"{.EXERCT\$E 3.32 volt mcq 3"i"s (c) 3"'''s vott o 0.a) will be (A) non uniform (B) linearly increasing with time (C) linearly decreasing with time (D) constant with respect to time Comtttell Data For Q.13O The total dissipated power in the conducting material will be w (c) 2e.4 The voltage between the cylindrical surfaces will be (A) 4.2 for p ( 4 will be (B) 1. 3 to 6 : In a cylindrical system. R'rcQ Mcq 3'{"3 If a conducting material having conductivity o : 0.7 3'{"? A solid wire of radius r and conductivity o1 has a jacket of material having conductivity o2.5mA (D) 20 A (c) -32A ucq a.88volt (B) 1. The total current passing radially outward through the medium between the cylinders is 6A. I and 2: In a certain region current density is given by - J :9a"-' P uc& 3"1'{ 2o-sind (n'+ t) Total current crossing the plane (A) oA z:2 inthe a" direction 3'1.05 S/m is present for 3 ( r < Scm then the electric field intensity at p:4cm will be (A) 238.

0'44a. -0.e The electric flux density inside the material rvill be tttcq 3.31 x 10-12 aoCf rn2 (B) 7. : g lb is given by v : .08o. .rage Chap ile 3 Electric Field in Common Data For Q. V/m (A) 50o. ncq 3.66o.44a"nCf m2 (D) 0.43 nCfm2 (C) s. 1.) *"" esEna" and !a" and (C) 4Esa.. consider the electric field intensity in the 1"t region is given by Et : 50a.2L a.500y Matter .ri (B) W: JW'w.tl The Flux charge density in the 70a" 2od region kV/m will be (A) 2.* 0. nCfm2 (C) 5.t.t. nC f m2 (C) 2.0.) inside the dielectric slab will be respectively (A. Mco 3"1. 8 to 10 : The potential field in a slab of a dielectric material that has the relative permittivity €. nCf m2 ilcQ 3.1.If a uniform electric field .lucQ s"t.* 2\au *tcQ 3.to (A) 4.8 Electric field intensity in the material will be (B) 500o.27a.85 tCfm2 (B) 3'544u wCl^' (D) 7.0.O7ar.37 mJfrns (D) 59 mJ/m3 (c) 472 x 106 J/m3 Mce 3.Eya" is applied in the free space then the electric flux density(Di") and electric field intensity(-8.* 0. L1 and 12: Two perfect dielectrics with dielectric constant €n:2 and enz:S are defined in the region 7 (y> 0) and region z (a< 0) respectively.* 0.1.PCl*' (B) 2.88o.08 nCf m2 (D) SarClm2 Cort mon Data For Q.t"{4 The energy stored in an electric field made up of two fields .'12 The energy density in the 2"d region will be (B) 118 mJfm3 (A) 66. (D)w<w+w When a neutral dielectric is being polarized in an electric field then the total bound charge of the dielectric will be zero (c) negative (A) (B) Positive (D) depends on nature of dielectric .t.35o0 .44.E .:4€o occupies the region 0 < z< d.21a.0.Er and Ez is Wn"t where as the energies stored in individual fields Et and E2 are 1[/t and Wz respectively so the correct relation between the energies is (A) W: W+ W. (c)w>w+w wtce 3. V/m (D) 0 (C) -500aoV/m .35o.44a.13 An infinite plane dielectric slab of thickness d and having permittivity €.084. nCfm2 Polarization of the material will be (A) 2. (B) esB6a" and !a' (D) esEoa" and 4Eoa.

1.: tE (D) r: I parallel sheets of a capacitor has the permittivity s and conductivity a.03A (c) 0.77 A time l. a.I8. the charge density p.0.12o.003o. m/s (B) 1000o.2volt (D) _0.-2.'!"'ts At t:1ms.086o.2"{ Electric potential at point p(_ I.:6? (B) 27.0. Ga 3.2volt Electric field at the point (B) _0.0) will be (A) (C) rca 3.04volt p will be (A) 0. the current density in a certain region is given by J :L"-rc"' rco 3.02aa. Af m2 how much current is crossing the surface 75.12a. If the total conductance of the wire is 106(f)) -1 then the correct relation between / and r is (l) . @) is directly proportional (A) r (c) 1. V/m (B) 0. .1.9arV f m (D) 0.s? 1. y: 2 respectively.6 and.22 (B) l @) f m will be : Two uniform infinite line charges of 5pc/m each are located at r:0.rcQ 3"{"rs A cvlindrical wire of length / and cross sectional radius r is formed of a material with conductivitv 106(fr-)-t.2{:} The velocity of charge density at (A) 6o. g: 1 and t: d.7 A (D) 2. m/s (C) 0. ./ I (C) 2m: I rca 3'{"t? Medium between the two conducting @) . 'r' xcq \$. (Assume pa + e as t . V/m page 149 cbapB EbctricFieldinMatt€tr .(r. V/m (C) 723a. m/s Common Data For Q.: .37 A (A) rcQ 3'{"*s At a particular .6 x 10-3a"m/s (D) 600o.086o. . Consider the surface g: 0 is a perfect conductor that has the zero potential.t) at any point in the region to.2l r:0.0. The time constant of the capacitor will be (A) q rB) (C) (D) lloe "o oe q Common Data For Q. 18 to 20 : In spherical coordinate system.'r. .2volt +0.

The plot of '^' : E fierd component in the radial direction with respect to r will be ".L carries a uniform nolarization P{ parallel to its axis as shown in the figure' ::"" ffiL P (Uniform) I I . ".:t:::"ctric :":::: sphere. outside the snhere (B) 8zio3 (D) -8zro3 I 1 I willl | Data For e..dius r and length .23 P(r): 2ra. where r is the distance | | . 7

r' lx.24 If the radius of the sphere is a then the electric field (A) . ruce l 3....r.1. from the ".:.25 to 27 z | A short cylinder of ra.chap 3 Erectric Fierd in ta For Q' 23 and 24 A sphere carries a polarization Matter uce s.trar i".ia" tn" I t I I '"' cL.".

. McQ 3.*-*l | . p""f2 (B) 2p*.GE1 3.{.'..F rl iil '. P coulomb (D) -P Chap 3 coulomb then the electric field lines of the cylinder will be Electric Field in Matter as ."f2.'ril (c) ..: l- . -'{ (D) r3 An infinite plane conducting slab carries uniformly distributed surface it's surface.t"4{t If L:2r Page 151 (B). . . If the sum of the charge densities on the two surfaces is p""Cfm2 then the surface charge densities on the two surfaces will be (A) P..2? The lines of flux charge density will be (A) as J 1 i Gl l-. p. l { lr

\ ''.. . (D) None of these charges on both of McQ 3"{'2\$ Two infinite plane parallel surface charges Psrtt the figure.ru Total bound charge by the cylinder will be (A) 2P coulomb (C) 0 coulomb Ge 3. conducting slabs carry uniformly distributed and Pnz on all the four surfaces as shown in Pstzt Psrr .1.p* (c) 0.

Ps't Page 152 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter Psn Pnt Which of the following gives the correct relation between the charge densities (A) Rrt : (C) R"rt : Paz. respectively as shown in the figure. Pstz: Pszr pszt: ps22 psr2t ? (B) P"tt : Pszzt Pstz:.{. .P"22. Psr2: .1. carry uniformly distributed surface charges on all four of their surfaces. hollow cylindrical conductols of inner radii 2 m and 5m respectively and outer radii 3m and 6m.30 r: 0 is (A) -5e6y (C) -5eo(r+ y) tucQ 3. between the surfacds is given by 5ry volts then the surface charge density on the surface I If the electrostatic potential in the Iegion 3.r. a:0 and 9:1 form the borrndaries of conductors extending away from the region between them as shown below. 30 and 31 : The plane surfaces tr:0. t:1.Pszr (D) Ar.32 (B) -5e6r (D) 5eo(rs) (B) -5eor (D) Sesry Two infinitely long coaxial.3{ 9:0is (A) -5ess (C) -seo(r+ u) MCQ 3.Ps2i Common Data For Q. : .

Dielectric slab has the non uniform permittivity defined -_ .o 4eo as for0<g<1 \$+ar 3't'34 If a uniform electric field E : 4asY lm is applied in free space then bound surface charge densities on the surface g: 0 and y: 1 will be y:0 O -3eo 3eo . (D) 2a.If net surface charge per unit length is 10 c/m and 6 c/m for the inner and outer conductor respectively then the surface charge densities on the four surface will be Surface p:2m (A) (B) 5l3tr (c) i b rl" (D) &3 rr.*279a0-2a" (B) 2a"*3an*224a" (C) 222a"4-227ar+2a. 34 and 35 : An infinite plane dielectric slab of 1m thickness is placed in free space such that it occupies the region 0 < y < lm as shown in the figure.*3au-2a"Yfm then the field intensity Elin the region defines ps:2nCfm2 z( P:3m 5l3tr -lln -Il" -Iln 0 as shown z)0willbe 1. Ps:2 "'7" .rs Plane o z:0 p:5m -Iln 0 21" 7ln p:6m alSr 4l3r -2ln 0 a surface charge layer with the charge density in figure.o*226a" bo-*oo Data For Q.. If the electric field intensity in the region 0 is Ez:2a.." z:0 Plane I nc/m2 (A) 220a.l3a.5eo at (A) (B) (c) (D) at gr: _3eo o o 8eo _' '_ - t//- l Page 153 Chrp 3 Electric Field in Matter .

a In a spherical coordinate system the region a < r < b is occupied dielectric material.Eoa ru) ' '€z-€t distance d" carry reP.Page 154 . ff Volt (B) 3Volt."r.13 3"\$"3fi (o) #th(?) p'h(?) A parallel plate capacitor has two layers of dielectrics with permittivities 6r: 3Eo and ez :2€o as shown in the figure. 1m 3m If the total voltage drop in the capacitor is 9 Volt then the voltage drop in 1"t and 2"d dielectric region will be respectively (A) ++ Volt.s. The potential difference between the two sheets will be 1a1 .* 3'1"3\$ As we move from the surface g : 0 toward the surface will be density charge polarization volume dielectric slab. that the electric field intensity inside the dielectric is given by n:ffio. 6Volt (C) f+Volt. A point charge Q is situated at the origin. and . 3Volt .tt"(?) (c) r:{.:*. It for by a is found a1 r1 b The relative permittivity of the dielectric will be (N (b'z @) (a' lf) lf) (c) (f l3) (D) (a'lb') r:rt i"l r? Two perfectly conducting. infinite plane parallel sheets separated by a uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities p. Chap 3 A . lf volt (D) 6Volt.1 inside the (A) linearly increasing (B) linearly decreasing (C) Constant (D) zero at all points Electric Field in Matter .i{".ps' respectively. The medium between the sheets is filled by a dieleliric of non uniform permittivity which varies linearly from a value of €1 rr€&r one plate to value of e2 near the second plate.

0 : rf 3.3s A dielectric slab is inserted in the mediurn between two plates of a capacitor as shown in the figure Page 155 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter Dielectric slab The capacitance across the capacitor will remain constant (A) if the slab is moved rightward or leftward (B) if the slab is pulled outward of the capacitor (C) (A) and (B) both (D) none of these 3.\$ : r12) lies on a conducting surface.t.t<** f I .4o A potential field in free space is given as V:4}cos?sin\$V Point P(r:2.I 3. The equation of the conducting surface is (A) 32cosdsin\$: 'f (C) 16cosdsins:'f (B) 16cos@sinl: (D) 32cos@sin0: ********.t.

.Q.x.p"s The current density in a cylindrical wire of radius 16 mm placed along the z-axis is J: \$a" Af m2.0 3 p 3 2 in the a" direction is ---- Q#*ts **j€\$ 3.. 4 and 5 : Atomic hydrogen contains 5.4.a.rs 3.f ^.a. What will be the total current (in Ampere) flowing through the wire ? Common Data For Q.1 x 10-16 m. * f sin0a6 .2 ! -- &ei€\$ 3. each dipole formed by the electron and positive nucleus has an effective length of 7.5a..x Given the current density in a certain region J : rcos20a. *ss\$ s.z) in cylindrical coordinates is given by J : t}e"(farta")Afm2. -1 l cml 3cm _l 3cm (Conductivity of lead : 5 x 106(ftm)-1) .{ A certain current density at any point (p. dipole will be ---- Common Data For i. The total current passing the plane Ampere' z:0.a"? An electric dipole is being placed in an electric field intensity 1.3.Y f m If the moment of the dipole be p-. A and O : A lead bar of square cross section has a hole ofradius 0.5 x 101e atom/cm3 at a certain temperature and pressure.5 cm bored along its length as shown in the figure.5 What will be the dielectric constant of the atomic hydrogen ? &{Js\$ 3.4 The polarization due to the induced dipole will be nCf m2' el.01r( 1m is ---3. If an electric field of 40 kV/m is applied.The total current crossing the Ampere' surface defined by 0:90'.0 <O<2r.Page156 QhaF 3 Electric Field in Matter EXERGI\$E 3.?.s The dielectric constant of the material in which the electric flux density is double of the polarization is &&JKs 3.2a'*3avC m then energy of the Joule. Al^'.

'z: 4 for I < r < 3 mm rest of the region is air filled. 10 and ll : A capacitor is formed by two concentric conducting spherical shells of radii a : 1 cm and b : 2 cm centered at origin. The region between the cylinders contains a layer of d.rr If a portion of dielectric is removed from the capacitor such that 6. If the polarization of the rod is along it's length and is given by Pr: 2U2 * 3. The capacitance of the capacitor will be pF. then \$ : N .If the length of cylinders is 1m then the capacitance of the configuration will be ____ pF.T2 x 10-8 f)m) Cornmon Data For Q. 3.2.:4. Interior of the spherical capacitor is a perfect dielectric with s.10 What is the capacitance (in pF) of the capacitor ? F r.5 for 0 < r( 1mm and e.ts A neutral atom of polarizability o is situated at a distance 1 m from a point charge f nC. + < 0 < zr and €.12 Two conducting Bs 3'2'13 Two coaxial conducting cylinders of radius 4 cm and '" surfaces are present at r:0 and r:5mm and the space between them are filled by dielectrics such that €n:2. If the force of attraction between them is fl.ielectric from P:4cmto p* 6cm with €.2. then the capacitance of the composite capacitor will be pF. : 1 for . what will be the total bound charge of the rod ? s 3'2.s If the hole in the lead bar is completely filled with copper. resistance (in pA) of the composite bar what will be the ? (Resistivity of copper : I.If the length of the lead bar is 8 m then the resistance between the square will be mQ. ends of the bar Page 157 Chap B Electric Field in Matter 3"2.:4. 3'2"14 A parallel plate capacitor is quarter filled with a dielectric (e" : 3) as shown in the figure. zs 3.e. A:10 d:4 cm2 rnm 3'2"15 A thin rod of certain cross sectional area extends along the gr-axis from a:0m to y:5m. The capacitance per square meter of surface area will be nFf m2 g cm is lying along z -axis. : 4 for the rest of the portion.

byalineardielectricmaterialofdielectric :::.2..'th" fig*"' what will be the enersv (in Joule) configuration of ? with di material sphere of radius llJi m is ma'de of dielectric is embedded i 0'6nO/m3 density charge free constant €.Itissur outtoradius2m.l where a is the distance from one them is 10 between separation surface area of the plates is 0'2 m2 and be PF' then the capacitance of the capacitor will 3. .ifi+ iOOi.):..2..m' pN .{? The torque on Pz due to R will be ---- *u€\$ 3.2.2'2?Asphericalconductorofra. . cu€\$ 3.P2withdipolemoment2nC-mandgnC-mrespectively in figure' are placed at 1m distance apart as shown Electric Field in Matter euss 3.zt If at r: b n}. centred at origin and has outerradius6mthentheelectricfieldintensityatr:l-mwillbe-- v/*.2"24 ---- .. it then the potential at the centre of the sphere will be --' &r.€s 3.*.If a uniform Volt.23 A ouEs Aparallelplatecapacitorisfilledwithanonuniformdielectriccharacteri plate in meter' If ir" ..{B The torque on R due to Pz wiII be ---- Common Data For Q' 19 to 21 pN . 17 and 18 : Page 158 Chap 3 ThetwodipolesPl..2. r:7 m ? the electric field intensity is .1e If the spherical shell is.m' : Athicksphericalshellismadeofdielectricmaterialwithapolarization P(r) :lwrrClm' where r is the distance from i the inner radius 2 m 3.Common Data For Q..2"20 What will be the electric field at {lu&\$ s.?.E : &9 thervalue of k is Ql}frs3.:2.diuslmcarriesacharge3mC.

If a 100 V source is connected between the wires then the stored charge rrer unit length on each wire will be nC/m. infinite plane parallel sheet separated by a distance 0.Cf m2 such that value of .-. If a uniform electric field ..rri.' a distance 2 potential difference between the two plates will be lu€s kv. infinite plane parallel sheets separated bv m cany uniformly distributed surface charges of equal ancl opposite densities *bnO/m2 and -5 nCfrn2 respectively. Two long coa-rial cylindrical metal tubes of radii lmm and 3 mm stand vertically in tht' tank as shown in the figure. region z < 0 (free space) then the polarization inside the dielectric will bc ke luEs 6a. separated by a centre to centre distancc gt 2cm. If the potential difference between the two plates is 5 k\: and the medium between the plates is free space.: 5 occupies the region r > 0. The outer tube is grounded and inner ong is maintained at 2 kv potential.l opposite densities.k is 3'2'2s Two perfectly conducting.in.E : r}q. 3'2'30 Two perfectly conducting. If the medirrrn between two plates is a dielectric of uniform permittivitv e : 4€o then tlrr. 3J. what will be the chargg densities (in pC) on the plates ? Page 159 Chap 3 'Electric Field in Matter . each having a radius of 0.26 A tank is filled with dielectric oil of susceptibility y": 1. To what height (in pm) does the oil risc iu the space between the tubes 7 (mass density of oil : 0.v/m is applied iir tlr.2cm. the surfa<ri: charge density on outer surface will be cl^' ruEs 3'*"28 An infinite plane dielectric slab with relative permittivity r.01gm/crn") FEs 3'2'27 A conducting spherical shell of inner radii 2 m and outer radii 3 m ca. If the net surface charge is 9 C for the conducting spherical shell then.5 cm carry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal . The medium surrounding the wires has relative permittivity €.t2'25 A two wire transmission line consists of two perfectly conducting cylinders. uniformly distributed surface charge on it's inner and outer surfaces.2.

alurrinium (o : 3. The curred I x 105 A/m2' density in steel ..rry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities 0.2.6 nc f m2 respectively.Pgge 160 Cbrp auEs 3.8 x 10? s/m) coating of 2 mm thickness I The total cuuent carried by this hybrid conductor be 80 A.6 nC/m2 + + + + + 1m If the conducting 2m sheets ca.0. steel wire has a.6 nc/m2 and . what will be the potential difference (in Volt) between the sheets ? {<**+r(*<{<*** {< I . is I --.6 nClm2 - 0.3{ I Dbctric Field ia Matter A steel wire has a r-adius of 2 mm and a conductivity of.-- I &:q"\$ffits 3"?":??.2 x'..rr.I. The medium between two perfectly conducting infinite plane parallel sheetsl consists of two dielectric slabs of thickness 1 m and 2 m having lermittivities I 4:2€o and ez:4eo respectively as shown in the figure' I Infinite Infinite sheet + + + + 0.

3"3 The unit of poldrization in dielectric is The taplacian opbrator. + E2+ (B) E E3 (C)E=Ez:Et a rco 3. the capacita.3.4 Laplace's equation has (A) two solutions (C) no solution rcQ 3.3.nce (A) increases (C) remains constant (B) decreases (D) becomes infinity value . E.r xco 3.2 ICA 3.3.EXERCTSE 3.3. and .{ The electric field in the three regions as shown in the figure a"re respectively Er. its electric susceptibility (A) 1 (B) 2 (c) 3 (D) 2es rcQ 3.3.3.a Example of polar type of dielectric is (A) oxygen (C) hydrogen teQ is (B) water (D) nitrogen 3.3 ?bge 16r CUep S dbctric Field in tr.7 Example of non-polar type of dielectric is (A) water (B) hydrochloric acid (C) sulphur dioxide (D) oxygen HCO 3.5 Ez (D)El=Ez*Es (A) c/m' (C) C/m3 t : Et* (B) is a vector operator (D) has no unit (B) infinite solutions (D) only one solution The surface charge density in a good dielectric is (A) zero (C) infinity (B) p" (D) -p" ICO 3.3.e If the voltage applied across a capacitor is increased. (B) c/m (D) C-m'? V2 (A) has unit of m2 (C) has unit of 1/m2 I rco 3.Es and all the boundary surfaces are charge free.6 If e": 2 for a dielectric medium.iatte. If e1 : es * €2.then the correct relation between the eledtfic fibld is (A) E.3.

Er):o "" (D) none of these above a conductor is always (A)normaltothesurface(B)tangentialtosource (D) (C) zero McQ 3.f Boundary condition for the normal component of dielectric is E.t3 The boundary condition on .3. McQ .P.P.r: B* (C) E*r: ?t.{{ 3"3.f e (D) V'Y:.{5 The normal components of D are (A) continuous across a dielectric boundary (B) discontinuous across a dielectric boundary (C) zero (D) * x**x<t<****** . its relative permittivity is (B) 4 (D) 2 g Poisson's equation is (A) V' (C) V' tutce €t 5 (B) V'Y:.P.162 chap 3 page Electric Field in nilcq 3.O is (A) o" x (E (C) Er:6.10 If electric suscepiibility.Er):o 3"3"14 The electric field just E on the boundary of a (B) E"r - fi.3. Y: p.f e e V:.3.2: (D) E"r: o Ps (B) '(E'..rt dielectric is 4. (.F') ilrco 3"3.of (A) (C) Matter rucQ 3.

the new capacitance is Me& 3.4 The space between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor of capacitance C is filled with three dielectric slabs of identical size as shown in the figure.7.8 x 70-11 Cf mz (D) 1.04. * 3.6o") volt/m MCA 3.4.3 The electric field on the surface of a perfect conductor is 2 V/m. If 4 in medium 1 is .: 80eo.6a. If dielectric constants &r€ 61.Oa") volt/m 2.5a") volt/m (B) (2.5art2. then fi in medium 2 is (A) (2. (B) 2Ylm (C) av lm (D) -4a.5€o faradf m and occupies the region to the right of r : 0 plane. the electric field is (A) 6 v/m .4 hC! Elechic rco nca 3"4""! 3"4"2 A parallel plate air-filled capacitor has plate area of 10-a m2 and plate separation of 10-3m.5 V.d"\$ (A) g (C) (er r"l @i#:tr -t ez* ez)C If the potent ial. The conductor is immersed in water with e. 6z and e3. Medium 2 has the electrical permittivity €z: 2.3.EXERGI\$E 3.Er : (2a. . (A) 10 mA (c) 10 A (B) 100 mA (D) 1.0a.0o. V : 4r -12 V. The magnitude of the displacement current is (e : frfO-'g n/m.4.5e mA t has the electrical permittivity ar: 1.Y lm raE Cfrt FiSink . .0a.) volt/m Medium (C) [2. (D) (2. It is connected to a 0. .5e0 farad/m and occupies the region to the left of r: 0 plane.2\$an+ 0.* 0.41 x 10 e C/mz MCO 3. The surface charge densitv on the conductor is (e : i# P/*) (A) o C/m2 (B) 2 Clm2 (C) 1.3au * la") voltf m.6 GHz source.0ar* - l.0o.

(A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true MCO \$.8 Along 1 metrethickdielectric (e : 3eo) (A) (C) l.4. 36soo..-'(4E') MCQ 3"4.4.(4E') (B) 45' (c) (D) 30' "". Reason (R) : The tangential component of electric field on conductor surface is zero.4.rcQ 3.a2 is (A).The polarization slab occupyingthe region 0 placed perpendicularly in a uniform electric field Pr inside the dielectric is .e Chap 0 Two dielectric rireditr.'with permittivities 3 and tharge-free boundary as shown in figure below : .*-.4"s 4eoa. ilrcQ 3. Ratio of the capacitance of the second one with respect to that of the first one is (A) 4 (B) 2 (c) 112 (D) rl4 .Page 164 rtrcQ 3.7 Assertiou (A) : Under static conditions. the surface of conductor is an equipotential surface. (D) Zero The flux and potential functions due to a line charge and due to two concentric circular conductors are of the following form : (A) Concentric circular equipotential lines and straight radial flux lines. (B) Concentric circular flux lines and straight equipotential lines (C) Equipotentials due to the are concentric cylinders and "hurg"are straight lines./E ut" separated by a Electric Field in Matter The electric field intensity in media 1 at point Pr has magnitude Er and makes an angle or : 60o with the normal. The direction of the electric field intensity at point P2.10 There are two conducting plates of sizes 1m x lmand2mX 2m. < r < 5 is 6e. equipotentials due to two conductors (D) Equipotentials due to line charge are straight flat surfaces and those due to two conductors are concentric cylinders.Oo : (B) 8eso.

J: O frequently known (A) Poisson's equation (B) Laplace's equation (C) Continuity equation for steady currents (D) Displacement equation -a 3.4.4. Capacitance Which of these changes (A) l only (C) 2and3only ? (B)land2onIy (D) 1. Consider 1.4.4"!2 By what name is the equation V .4"'!3 Method of images is applicable to which fields (A) Electrostatic fields only ? ? (B) Electrodynamic fields only (C) Neither electrostatic fields nor electrodynamic fields (D) Both electrostatic fields and electrodynamic fields DQ 3.4"{6 increases.4"{4 What is the unit of measurement of surface or sheet resistivity? (A) Ohm/metre (C) Ohm/sq. Stored energy 2.1? Application of the method of images to a boundary value problem in electrostatics involves which one of the following ? (A) Introduction of an additional distribution of charges and removal of a set of conducting surfaces (B) Introduction of an additional distribution of charge and an additional set of conducting surfaces (C) Removal of a charge distribution and introduction of an additional set of conducting surfaces (D) Removal of a charge distribution as well as a set of conducting surfaces Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter . the surface resistance of a metal (A) decreases (B) increases (C) remains unchanged (D) varies in an unpredictable manner rca 3.{5 Which one of the following statements is correct ? On a conducting surface boundarv. electric field lines are (A) always tangential (B) always normal (Q) neither tangential nor normal (D) at an angle depending on the field intensity *o which one of the following is correct ? As frequency 3. 2 and 3 3cl 3. Electric field intensity. 3.-Q 3. let the chalge be held constant while Page 165 the dielectric material is replaced by a different dielectric.{{ Consider the following : In a parallel plate capacitor. meter (B) Ohm metre (D) ohm GO 3.

under which one of the following conditions is the above expression valid ? (A) is tending towards zero @ is tending toward.t*s 3. (A) (B) (C) (D) [. What is the energy stored in the capacitor rscg 3"4.1pC on its plates. What is the force between them (A) #. fisr + (D)4i.R in free space ? (A) 2reoR (B) AtreoR (C) 8aeo.E (D) 0.Page 166 i/lco 3. Considering fringing field.Essinwt.rs Assertion (A) : Potential everywhere on a conducting surface of infinite Chap 3 extent is zero. Electric Field in Matter Reason (R) : Displacement density on a conducting surfdce is normal to the surface.4.s infinity + 1c.4"23 A point charge of + 10 pC placed at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of a conducting grounded sphere of radius 2cm is shown in the diagram given below: What is the total induced charge on the conducting sphere ? (A) 10 pC (B) a pc (c) 5 pc (D) 12.22 What is the expression for capacitance of a solid infinitely conducting solid sphere of radius '.5 pC I\$Cq 3.N tcl rela ifico 3-4"21 ? -(B)1pJ (A) 1mJ (C) 1 nJ * tut a ? sh * (D) 4zes N The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is given by sf where A is the area of each plates.20 A charge (D) l pJ of 1 Coulomb is placed near a grounded conducting plate at distance of 1m.ltcQ 3.4-*\$ Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A A is true but R is false A is false but R is true A parallel plate capacitor of 5pF capacitor has a charge of 0. ''d€r€o 1 !\$cQ 3.R fr.4.4".24 For an electric field E.52'es. what is the phase difference between the conduction current and the displacement current ? (B) 45' (D) 180' .

voltage of I/ volts. This field problem can be solved by which one of the following ? (A) By conformal transformation (B) BV method of images (C) BV Laplace's equation (D) By Poisson's equation 3. 2. the electric field intensity E within the capacitor doubles.33.28 (B)4v (D)ev 6v Consider the following statements : A parallel plane capacitor is filled with a dielectric of relative permittivity r'r &nd connected to a d.4. then 1. 4. the displacement flux density D doubles 3. the energy stored in the capacitor is doubled.{. Energy stored in the capacitor before and after immersion. The energy stored in the field is (A) 10 joules (C) 40 joules HCO 3.c.00b pF is connected to a d.5. Select the correct answer using the codes given below (A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 2 and 4 (D) 3 and a HCQ 3. supply of Volts.4H is connected to a bOv d. If the dielectric is changed to another with relative permittivity s. is situated parallel to and at a distance from the grounded infinite plane conductor. respectively 500 IS (A) (B) (C) (D) rGo x 10-4 J and 250 x 250 x 10-4 J and 500 x 625 x 10-4 J and 250 x 250 x 10-4 J and 625 x 500 10-4 J 10-4 J 10-4 J 10-4 J \ 3'4.c.4'15 An air condenser of capacitance of 0. keeping the voltage constant.30 : (B) 20 joules (D) 80 joules The normal components of electric flux density across a dielectric-dielectric boundary (A) (B) (C) (D) are discontinuous are continuous depend on the magnitude of the surface charge density depend on electric field intensity Page 167 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matts . the charge Q on the plates is reduced to half.r :2et.c.25 An infinitely long line charge of uniform charge density prclm . supply. disconnected and then immersed in oil with a dielectric constant of 2.2? A 3 pF capacitor is charged by a constant current of 2 pA for 6 seconds. The voltage across the capacitor to the end of charging will tre (A)3v (c) rcQ 3.4.29 A coil of resistance 5o and inductance 0.

r .5Q (D) Vl4.rries a cha. :l-. (B) 4V... 2 alnd 4 (D) 3 and 4 only .i 2.r the fuflqwrnglpt&fegleFrts in conneetion with boundary relations of . The ta. gespectively ? voltage tr/. Ebctric'field in Matter Mcqi..gctric field : 1. . 2 and 3 (C) 1... . The tangential components axe the same on both sidd of a boundary between two dielectrics.. what are the maximum withstand voltage and the cha4ge.4neoR (D) 4tresfR 3.eoB2 lvlcQ (..ctric and a current carrying conductors with finite conductivity is zero. ctai t " .R in vacuum is ' .Q MCQ 3.Pt"-!6E. dieJe.4. . what would be the ratio of the surface densities A and p on the two sides of the plate ? t -__/ t (A) (c) Charged plate (dr+ t) (d'+ Ld.rge Q at its maximum withstand If the capacitor is half filled with an insulating slab of dielectric constant 4 as shown in the figure given below.4.. r el. Normal components of the flux density is continuous across the chargefree boundary between two dielectrics.34 when an infinite charged conducting plate is placed between two infinite conducting grounded surfaces as shown in the figure given below.8). (A) l only (B) 1./^' t1 (B) (d"+ t) (dr+ t) (D) h d. 4.qn the Capaeitor at this voltage. Qopqide.. MCO 3..32 The capacitance of an insulated conducting sphere of radius . Which of these statements is/are correct ?". In a single medium electric field is continuous. . 3.2.4. (L) 2tresR (c) 4.ngential electric field at the boundary of g. .33 A parallel plate air capiacitor ca. o. 1.3'4i3r.

co. t (A) l9 .nd R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is Nor the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true Page 169 Chap 3 Electric Field in Mdtter .nce s c1.nce is the conductivity.8 (B) 1.related.2q* 3a.ela : Two extensive homogeneous isotropic dierectrics'meet on a plane z: 0. What is the value of. *".E a"nd the electric flux density D according to which on of the following equations ? Image theory is applicable to problems involving (A) electrostatic field only (B) magnetostatic field only (C) both electrostatic and magnetostatic fields (D) neither electrostatic nor magnetostatic field six capacitors of different capacita. What is the polarization P of the slab in Coulomb/m2 ? (A) 0. €a=2. (D) o'-q flux density D = L Coulomb/m2.]. Cr) Cz) Ct) Ce) Cs > Co.eoD+ P' (B) D: eo(g* P) (C) D: eoE* P (D)E:D+eoP F f. the current density is solenoidal (R) : The reciprocal of the resista. The slab is uniformly polarized. kw/m." in the region z < 0 ? I i l (A) 3o (B) 5o.*. What is the total capacitance almost equal to ? (A) (B) c.-2ao (C) 6a. .2 (c) 4 (D) 6 ts lr'eo Which one of the following glves the approximate value of the capacitance between two spheres. h r 3437 : 't F The polarization in a solid dielectrie ts. Fpj" (A) Both A a. A uniform electric field exists at z> 0 as Er : 5o. whose separation is very much larger than their radii R? (A) hr/esR (C) 2neo/R I r'c"c't (B) 2reoil (D) aneolR Assertion (A) : For steady current in an arbitrary conductor. For z) 0. €r= 4 and for z 1 0. e. G and c6 are connected in series. (c) c4 (D) G c.to'thd electric field . cr. E. c2.

It is generated by a change in electric flux. .\$(:Q S.8 x 10mho/m. Reason (R) : As per Gauss's law the total outward electric fl.*{.&.* A point charge * I is brought near a €orner of two right angle conducting planes which are at zero potential as shown in the girren figure.{. The polarization of the slab is (A) 0. o: 5.d.4".4\$ Ohm's law in point form in the field theory can be expressed (A) v: (B) J: (C) J: (D) . (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is Nor the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false Reason (R) : Electric Field in Matter (D) A is false but R is true .c components.Page 170 ".0 clm'z (D) 6. is uniformly polarized.ii * 3.tr: lh.8 x 10 A (B) 4.8 x 10-11 A (c) 1A (D) It cannot be calculated with the given data llil{r* 3"4"i}? Assertion (A) : when there is no charge in the interior of a conductor the electric field intensity is infinite. what is the displacement current in the wire ? (A) 2. which one of the following configurations describes the tQtal effect of the charges for calculating the actual field in the first quadrant\_--.4 .}"S"dS A copper wire carries a conduction current of 1. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is Nor the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true f.tfi& 3"4"d}.x through any closed surface constituted inside the conductor must vanish.? : as Rr Elo oE ptlA A medium behaves like dielectric when the (A) displacement current is just equal to the conduction current (B) displacement current is less than the conduction current (c) displacement current is much greater than the conduction current (D) displacement current is almost negligible r. placed normal to a uniform field with a flux density of 2 cfm2.€.13 A plane slab of dielectric having dielectric constant 5.0A at b0Hz.a Clm'z IL& 3"4.a Clm' (B) 1.4. For copper wire e : €oi |.d3 Cbap 3 Assertion (A) : Displacement current can have only a.& 3.6 C/m'? (C) 2.

(A) -4e. The surface charge density on the interface is I €:1 --t i ":n E:26.page 171 Chap B Electric Field in Matter (A) (B) F H I (c) (D) \$ r h i h*" i The electric field across a dielectric-air interface is shown in the given figure.b. (C) -2es Q (B) -3ee (D) -to 3'4"50 when air pocket is trapped inside a dielectric of relative permittivity . the ratio of stress in the air pocket to that in the dielectric is equal to (A) r/5 (e)s (D) 5_1 (c)1+b x***>t**>t**{< I . for a givenapplied voltage across the dielectric...

fl\$ : pd.t.2 Option (D) is correct. + t )@aoao) :-ll=. 3.-ffi""){oo'00"") : f" ( l-2}=sin|' - .J Given the current density.*] :\tr&*'. So the current density in the medium between the cylinders is t:h+:ffiq : \$a" 27tp (I:2ml Af m. volume charge density sol. . 3. Jo: T. the total current that passes through a given surface is defined as r:It. p < 4 is So we have r :(ff". p" and the current density.Jr: 0 and J.(ffi *:-li#. ' For a given current density in a certain medium having conductivity o.soLUTloNs 3. For a given current density. the .pdftaz for the plane z: 2 Therefore the total current crossing the plane z:2.I as 9*:-v 0t .{ Page 172 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matterr sol' 3.1.)+I#.as where dS is the differenjtial surfaee area having the direction normal to the surface.3 will be constant with respect to time.{.:. Flom the equation of continuity we have the relation between the volume charge density. t:Too-ffio"N^' So.@r./a=oJp=o\ c. we have the components Therefore.*(#y)l -0 So.ftoaolll?t"oaol :0A sol.{ Option (A) is correct. Given the current 1: 6 A is flowing radially outward (in ao direction) through the medium between the cylinders. Option (A) is correct.

88) x 6:29.I:::i. i. Voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is defined as the line integral of the electric field between the two surfaces i.R.Ir is the current density in the material having conductivity o1.05 :238.e.2gwatt (Y: 4.e. the voltage between them will be 4.8 it will be independent of both rand .1. Option (B) is correct.88 volt volt. where E :4:o1 J2 02 . So the resistance between the cylindrical surface can be evaluated directly as r F R L L 3. Since voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is and cuirent flowing in the medium is So.l: 6 A) 1:6A Option (D) is correct.the ratio of the current density is "I2 Jr Jz--Qoz i. n 3. v:-[n.).88 volt.88 volt So.):-#'(*) :- 4. {aoo. Option (A) is correct. :. is the current density in the material having conductivity So.88 I/ : 4. Electric field intensity is defined as the negative gradient of the potential o2.6 3.1.05 S/m) 3 2rx4xl0' x 0.r. As we have already calculated the voltage between the two cylindrical surfaces and the current flowing radially outward in the medium between the surfaces is given in the question.(#r".73Y lm Option (A) is correct.1 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter (p: 4 x Lo-z m1 o :0. Consider a constant voltage is applied across the ends of the wire so. .electric field intensity is defined as Page 173 E_J _lf 3 -t D-o-o\fi-. Power dissipated in the medium is p : VI: (4.m Now the electric field int6nsity in the medium between the .e.nd : in previous question is ": *(h"r) the differential displacement between the two'cylindrical surfaces is dl dpap So the voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is . t6e electric field intensity throughout the wire cross section will be constant.7 :Y:#: 0'813o Option (C) is correct.two cylindrical surfaces as calculated a.

. so the tangential and normal component of the electric field to the plane 9: 0 are given as Ert :50a'. I. the electric field intensity in the second region is Ez : Eztl Ezn : (504.e.\a. .Z"-:!1zoo4: e". For a given electric field intensity E in a material having relative permittivity e.85 x 10-12(50o.r As calculated in previous question the electric field intensity is Ez :50a"* 8a. :le*eoEz' Er.1.}8aynCf'm2 l \${3t.10a.lo Option (A) is correct. since the two regions is being separated by the plane y : 0.6 in a material having relative permittivity e'.2I a" -f 0 . * 8ao .kY f m Therefore the electric flux density in the region 2 is So Dz: €re€oEz : 5 x 8.12 Option (D) is correct.E Page 174 Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter :-YV :-(#**%"*#"") : \$aL 3.70a" Eu = 20an FYom the boundary condition.3"t.3"t"1{ l l =[H:il:i].'j{\$::"' Option (B) is correct.0 .{"9 500a.104.. For an applied electric field intensity . the polarization of the material is defined as P : eo(€.. the tangential component of electric field will be uniform. V/m Option (D) is correct. the electric flux density is defined as : " : g*1r 8b x 10-12) x (booan) e.) x 103 : 2. Energy density in the region having electric field intensity Ez is defined as W.44a" pC I ^' \$ot- 3.35 ou . where the relative permittivity of the medium is e.) * (Sau) : 50a. Ezt : Eu.50a.:815 :7.. ]-San..t)E \$\$r. .I}a"kY f m So the energy density in the region 2 is .10a" and the normal component of the field is nonuniform and given as E2E2n: E1E6 Ern .

e Ein = +eo! o.tn. due to whic6 the dielectric gets polarized with polarization p.)au (E: fi-r E2.* az) (8.. As the dielectric slab occupies the region 0 < z< d and the field intensitv in the free space is in * a. ds: J.] x ee[(bo)r+ 106 Page 178 .fv I vr Therefore. :6o9 Therefore. Qbouna : frt. But according to the divergence theorem \$p. E")d. lar-rs 5 x (s)r+ (10). while the bound vorume charge density inside the material is defined as ppr.: (s :|a :\$uo | : 41111 €sE()a. 59 mJ/m3 Option (B) is correct. Total energy stored in a region having electric field is given w as (E .s .E.a :0 . the bound surfircc charge density over the surface oi material is defined as Pps:P'an where a' is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward. pdu Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter (d. Qoou. Consider a neutral dielectric is placed in an electric field.)d.ds.:6s1 . | | : w+ r.rs wr+ [ eo@. . direction so. . Option (C) is correct.i4 E^ : &Eoa": *a" Din : .lv.o. f.va. so from the boundary condition the field normal to the surface are relatecl as €Ei. : !^ [ {al + E3 + 2r..:_ V .v | . .. L 3. +|r. p so we have.x F : Y.f.)d.sa. e a.*":i. the bound surface chargc density of the dierectric be prs and the bound volume charge density a" p* So the total bound charge by the dielectric is given as Qbound: frorras+ [ oo.1. fidu + eo(n. the field will be normal to tht boundary of plane dielectric slab. :fv. E)du . a.' E2)du Option (A) is correct. E. Since for a given polarization P of a dielectric material. : l^ | nla.+ n.

and cond'ubtance of the wit'e. -! sol. 1oo of a Wife of 'length I having cross sectional aida S : Jdf"t (5: :.7 A .1.{. 3-.!-"-to'noP :4trx(6)'xlx ato"to* : 4n x 6 x e-r: 24tre-L: 27.pist rzo Qt'h s sol.-1 -"t"it"t. For a given current density.w J where dS is the differential surface area having the direction normal to surface.1-{6 olribn (nlt\$. the total current that passes through a surface is defined as t:ft.S Therefore the time constant of the capacitor will be . Ad the medium between capacitor plates is conducting so it carries aS well as capaditine property. Considei thd platds'dre separdtbd' liy a dista^nce d and the surface area pbtes ib . S.) . Since the current density is independent of d and the current d so we can have di I . Sin'ce the cohtluctance So we have.17 n Optioh (A) is correct.J. 3.is u:_T ^ g.8 .9 as dhbwn in the ffgure.J(4trf a.mlum Given thd conduAii"itv Etirc{ric FieH in }iaitdr "f a = lo€(Om)-t 5r :19619.18 Option (B) is correct.nce of the capacitor. : RC:3 soL 3. resi\$tive d So the total resistance of the medium between plates ib R:4 OD arrd capacita.

. The given problem can be solved easily by using image theory as the conducting surface g: 0 can be repiaced by the equipotential surface in the same plane g:0 and image of line charges (p'. p. P.(r.te Option (C) is correct.e.(r..e. A .21 Option (B) is correct.20 therefore p"(r. J as FYom the equation Q*:-v dt .I i"-""t dt+ f(r) is the function independent of time.