10

1.

Rotational Mechanics
A wheel is making revolutions about its axis with uniform angular acceleration. Starting
from rest it reaches 100 rev/sec in 4 seconds. Find the angular acceleration. Find the
angle rotated during these four seconds.
With usual notation we have

(

2.

3.

(

)

)

A wheel rotating with a uniform angular acceleration covers 50 revolutions in the first
five seconds after the start. Find the angular acceleration and the angular velocity at the
end of five seconds.
Here

,

(

,

, We also know that α is constant.

)

A wheel starting from rest is uniformly accelerated at
for 10 seconds. It is
allowed to rotate uniformly for the next 10 seconds and is finally brought to rest in the
next 10 seconds. Find the total angle rotated by the wheel.
Here

,

,

,

,

,

,

and
and

4.

A body rotates about a fixed axis with an angular acceleration of one
radian/second/second. Through what angle does it rotate during the time in which its
angular velocity increases from 5 rad/s to 15 rad/s?
Here

,

,


5.

Find the angular velocity of a body rotating with an angular acceleration of
comletes the 5th revolution after the start.
Here

,

,

10.1

as it

10

Rotational Mechanics

6.

7.

A disc of radius 10 cm is rotating about its axis at an angular speed of
linear speed of (a) a point on the rim (b) the middle point of the radius.
(a)

Here

.

,

(b)

Here

.

,

. Find the

A disc rotates about its axis with a constant angular acceleration of
. Find the
radial and tangential acceleration of a particle at a distance 1 cm from the axis at the end
of the first second after the disc starts rotating.
Here

.

,

,

.
.

8.

A block hangs from a string wrapped on a disc of radius 20 cm free to rotate about its
axis which is fixed in a horizontal position. If the angular speed of the disc is
at
some instant, with what speed is the block going down at that instant?
The block will be going down at the translational speed of a point on the rim of the disc.

. ( )

9.

Three particles, each of mass 200 g, are kept at the corners of an equilateral triangle of
side 10 cm. Find the moment of inertia of the system about an axis (a) joining two of the
particles (b) passing through one of the particles and perpendicular to the plane of the
particles.
(a)

The two points on the axis, each having zero distance from the axis, contribute
zero to the moment of inertia. The distance of the third point from the axis is
. sin


.
( )
. x

(b)

Here distance of the two points from the axis is 10 cm each. The third point makes
zero contribution to moment of inertia because its distance from the axis is zero.
( . )

.
x

10. Particles of masses g, g, g, ……,

g are kept at the marks cm, cm, cm,…….,
100 cm respectively on a meter scale. Find the moment of inertia of the system of
particles about a perpendicular bisector of the meter scale.
The distances of the g, g, ….
g particles from the center and therefore the axis are
9 cm,
cm, ……, cm. Similarly the distances of the
g,
g, ……..,
g particles are
cm, cm, …….,
cm. Thus

10.2

kept Let and be the moment of inertia of the first and the second sphere about the given commom tangent. Here we have ⇒ ∴ ⇒ √ √ ⇒ √ 15. Find the moment of inertia of a uniform square plate of mass its diagonals. 11. and edge about one of Let the moment of inertia about the axis through the center of the square plate perpendicular to the plane. 13. The moment of inertia of a uniform rod of mass 0. The radius of gyration of a uniform disc about a line perpendicular to the disc equals its radius. we have ⇒ 12. . be I. Then by applying the parallel axis theorem and noting that distance between the parallel axes is . Let the two lines through the center of 10. Then ⇒ √ √ √ 14.3 . . . Find the moment of inertia of a pair of spheres. Let be the mass of the circular ring and I the moment of inertia about a line perpendicular to the plane of the ring and passing through one of the particles of the ring. With usual notation we have ⇒ ) √( √ . Find the radius of gyration of a circular ring of radius r about a line perpendicular to the plane of the ring and passing through one of its particles.10 Rotational Mechanics ∑ ∑ ∑ ( ) ∑ ( ( . each having a mass in contact about the tangent passing through the point of contact. Find the distance of this line from the middle point of the rod. .10 about a line perpendicular to the rod. and radius . Find the distance of the line from the center. ) ( ) 9 )( )( .50 kg and length 1 m is 0. ( ) ) ( ( ) ) . taken as z-axis.

A particle of mass is projected with a speed at an angle θ with the horizontal. the moment of inertia about z-axis is the sum of moments of inertias about x-axis and y-axis. The surface density (mass/area) of a circular disc of radius depends on the distance from the cemter as ( ) . Thus sin cos 18. ⇒ Since the two diagonals of the square plate are perpendicular to each other.10 Rotational Mechanics the square plate and parallel to the edges be the x-axis and the y-axis. Find its moment of inertia about the line perpendicular to the plane of the disc through its center. the force parallel to x-axis is zero and the force parallel to y-axis is mg. When a force of 6. that is when the bob is at the lowest point. At the highest point of the motion of the particle.4 . 19. As the initial position of the pendulum string makes an angle θ with the verticle and the length of the string is . Thus The above result shows that the torque is zero when θ is zero. In this case the force is and is directed downward. A simple pendulum of length is pulled aside to make an angle θ with the verticle. Thus ⇒ 16. The perpendicular moment arm is half the range of motion. If is the mass of the strip then ( ) ( ) . By perpendicular axis theorem. What force F would be sufficient to loosen it if it acts perpendicular to the wrench at 16 cm from the nut? 10. The area ) of the strip is ( . Then by symmetry the moment of inertia about x-axis and y-axis is same. Find the torque of the weight of the particle about the point of projection when the particle is at the highest point.0 N is exerted at 30° to a wrench at a distance 8 cm from the nut. next let them be the x-axis and y-axis respectively. Take a circular strip of radial difference with center at the center of the disc. Find the magnitude of the torque of the weight When is the torque zero? of the bob about the point of suspension. By perpendicular axis theorem. the moment of inertia about z-axis is the sum of moments of inertias about x-axis and y-axis. it is just able to loosen the nut. The distance of this strip from the axis being the moment of inertia of this strip is ( ) Integrating over 0 to ∫ ( ) * + ( ) 17. the perpendicular moment arm is sin .

. . 15 N 10 N 37° 6 cm 90° 4 cm O 4 cm 3 cm 30° 5N 150° 20 N 21. is free to rotate about a verticle axis through its enter. With usual notation we have sin 9 Noting that the moment of inertia of the rod through an axis parallel to it is zero.0 N force acts on the wrench at 30° at a distance 8 cm from the nut. the perpendicular axis theorem gives us 10.5 . ( . Since the only forces acting on the block are the gravitational force . The force is always perpendicular to the rod. Find the torque of the normal force acting on the block about its center. . ) sin . . Calculate the total torque acting on the body shown in the figure about the point O. normal force N and the frictional force . 20. Thus the force required to loosen the nut when it is applied perpendicular to the wrench 16 cm from the nut will be given by ( . The block moves down the incline with uniform speed and therefore the net force along the incline is zero. the torque acting the nut is . Find the angle rotated by the rod during the time t after it starts. . A rod of mass m and length L. . . Thus sin ⇒ sin The gravitational force due to symmetry about the center θ produces no torque. ) sin ( ) sin . lying horizontally. ( ) ( ) sin . ( . ∴ But the block does not roll and therefore the net torque is zero. . ⇒ ( ) sin Thus the torque due to normal force is in the clock-wise direction.10 Rotational Mechanics When 6. . A cubical block of mass and edge slides down a rough inclined plane of inclination θ with a uniform speed. A horizontal force of constant magnitude F acts on the rod at a distance L/4 from the center. the net torque is provided only by the later two forces. ) sin . 22. ⇒ .

From the perpendicular axis theorem the moment of inertia through the axis passing through the center of the square plate and perpendicular to it is . . we have 23. There is also no change in the potential energy. Let be the moment of inertia of the square plate through it diagonal. Thus ( ) ⇒ ( )( ⇒ x )( ) . Find (a) the average torque of friction. )( ) . A square plate of mass 120 g and edge 5. (a) . . A flywheel of moment of inertia . k The angular momentum of the wheel is 10. it come to rest in 5 minutes. The initial and final translational velocity of the fly wheel is zero. Therefore ( )( ) 9 ⇒ (c) 9. 24. By symetry of the square plate about the lines through its center and parallel to its edges is also the sum of moment of inertias through these two perpendicular lines. 25. Then is also the moment of inertia through the other diagonal. is rotated at a speed 60 rad/s. (b) the total work done by the friction and (c) the angular momentum of the wheel 1 minute before it stops rotating.10 Rotational Mechanics ( )x( ) If θ is the angle rotated in time . what torque acts on the plate? By parallel axis theorem ( ( ) ⇒ . (b) The work done by the frictional force is the change in energy of the fly wheel. and initial angular velocity being zero. . x . If it has a uniform angular acceleration of . Because of the friction of the axle. Here .0 cm rotates about one of the edges.6 . x ) ( . Since the fly wheel comes to rest in 5 minute we have ( ) ⇒ ⇒ . . Calculate the torque on the square plate of the previous problem if it rotates about a diagonal with same angular acceleration.

29. Neglecting the friction at the axle.10 Rotational Mechanics ( ) ( ) . .0016 rad/day in 100 years. x )( . Then 10. x . Then x( ⇒ . the rotational kinetic energy of the earth is continuously decreasing. torques act on the two cylinders. 27. Given that ⇒ . Then ( ) ⇒ ( ) 28. Let be the common angular velocity after time . ( . find the force that must be applied tangentially to the wheel to bring it to rest in 10 revolutions. Let α be the deceleration caused by the applied tangential force F. Find the angular deceleration and the angular velocity 5 seconds after the application of the torque. x ( ) . If the earth's angular speed decreases by 0.7 . ⇒ . The average torque of friction is given by ( . Because of the kinetic friction. x . accelerating the stationary one and decelerating the moving one. how long will it take before the two cylinders have equal angular speed ? Let be the initial angular velocity of the first cylinder and be the initial angular velocity of the second one. find the average torque of the friction on the earth. ) ) . Because of the friction between the water in the oceans with the earth's surface. . Let be the constant torque applied to stop the wheel. A cylinder rotating at a speed of 50 rev/s is brought in contact with an identical stationary cylinder. . A wheel of mass 10 kg and radius 20 cm is rotating at an angular speed 100 rev/min when the motor is turned off. kg. With usual notation . 26. . Let the common angular acceleration of the two cylinders be say . A wheel rotating at a speed of 600 rpm (revolutions per minute) about its axis is brought to rest by applying a constant torque for 10 seconds. Radius of the earth is 6400 km and its mass is . If the common acceleration and deceleration be one revolution per second square. x where ) 9.

9. ⇒ . be the tensions in the 2 kg and 5 kg block supports. ) x( ) (b) Let and ⇒ Similarly ⇒ .8 . Find the initial angular acceleration of the rod assuming that it was horizontal in the beginning. . . A light rod of length 1 m is pivoted at the center and two masses of 5 kg and 2 kg are hung from the ends as shown in the figure. 9 . . . Find the 10. The pulley has a radius and moment of inertia I about its axis and it can freely rotate about this axis. and M connected by a string passing over a pulley. . (a) Let be the moment of inertia of the rod through the center without blocks. A body rotating at 20 rad/s is acted upon by a constant torque providing it a deceleration of . Then ( ( ) ( ) ( ) ) ( ⇒ ) ( ) ( ( ( ) ) ) 31.10 Rotational Mechanics and ⇒ or 30. ( . . Suppose the rod of the previous problem has a mass of 1 kg distributed uniformly over its length. ) ( ) . 9. (a) Find the initial angular acceleration of the rod. ( ) 2 kg 5 kg . . Figure shows two blocks of masses . 32. Then the moment of inertia of the rod/blocks system is ( ) ( ) ( . (b) Find the tension in the supports to the blocks of mass 2 kg and 5 kg. ( . ) 33. The horizontal table over which the mass slides is smooth. With usual notation ( ) . At what time will the body have kinetic energy same as the initial value if the torque continues to act? Let the constant torque be . Then .

Find the tension in the part of the string joining the pulleys.0 kg as shown in the figure. . . Let and be the angular accelerations of the bigger and the smaller pulleys respectively. Then from the motion of the block ( ) Let and be the radii of the bigger and the smaller pulleys and I and I' be the moment of inertia of the bigger and the smaller pulleys respectively. From the motion of the bigger and smaller pulleys respectively ⇒ . Putting values of . . Find the acceleration of the block. ( ) . have . Let be the acceleration of the 2 kg block and the tension in the string on either side of the light pulley. we 2 kg ⇒ ( ) . 35 Suppose the smaller pulley of the previous problem has its radius 5.9 . Let be the tension in the string joining the two pulleys and the tension in the string between the block and the pulley. . ( ) and Also and equation we have * ( . . 9 . 10. A string is wrapped on a wheel of moment of inertia . and we have ( ) TM and solving M for ⇒ 34. . .10 Rotational Mechanics acceleration of the mass M assuming that the string does not slip on the pulley. Putting these values and those of T and T' in the above ) + ⇒ ⇒ . .0 cm and moment of inertia . and radius 10 cm and goes through a light pulley to support a block of mass 2. . Let be the acceleration of the mass M. Then Tm m From the motion of the pulley we have ( ) But . From the motion of the block we have From the motion of the pulley of moment of inertia .

each having a radius R and moment of inertia I. Let the angular acceleration of the pulley be α.0 kg block.10 Rotational Mechanics 36. ) ⇒ … III From the downward motion of the descending pulley we have ( ) … IV Substituting values of . . From the motion of 1 kg the block we get T2 T1 …I The descending pulley has two motions viz. . Let be the acceleration of the block. Clearly the downward acceleration of the descending pulley is ⇒ . Find the acceleration of the block M. the rotation and the translation.10 . The pulley shown in the figure has a radius 10 cm and moment of inertia . and be the tensions as shown in the figure. about its axis. . calculate the acceleration of the 4. and in equation IV we get ( ) ⇒ . 10.0 kg. 38. Let the tensions in the three T1 parts of the string be as shown in the figure. ( ) . The fixed pulley is light and horizontal plane frictionless. Let the acceleration of the block M be . From the motions of the blocks M and m we have T2 T1 M T3 m From the rotation of the two pulleys we get ( ) ( ) ⇒ ( )( ) ( ⇒ ) 37. The pulleys in the figure are identical. The descending pulley shown in the figure has a radius 20 cm and moment of inertia .. ) ( . Find the acceleration of the block if its mass is 1. then ( . . they will have same angular acceleration say α. Let . Assuming the inclined planes to be frictionless. Then from the rotation of the descending pulley. As the two pulleys have same radii. . Therefore ⇒ … II Let M be the mass of the descending pulley. we have ( ) .

T2 T1 4 kg 2 kg 45° 45° . … III 40. The vertical wall is frictionless but the ground is rough. ( )( .0 m and mass 16 kg is resting against a vertical wall making an angle of 37° with it. 39. Solve the previous problem if the friction coefficient between the 2. what will be the normal force and the force of friction on the 10.11 . the motion of 4 kg block gives us sin …I Since the friction coefficient between the 2 kg block and plane below it is . A small object of mass 20 g is placed on the stick at a distance of 70 cm from the left end.10 Rotational Mechanics Let the acceleration of the 4 kg block be Then motion of 4 kg block gives us sin …I The motion of 2 kg block gives sin … II Rotation of the pulley gives . Three force are acting on the meter stick T1 viz. A uniform ladder of length 10. . where is the mass of the small object. Since the meter stick does not move. An electrician weighing 60 kg climbs up the ladder. the motion of 2 kg block gives sin . in III above √ . . … II ⇒ . Let the acceleration of the 4 kg block be down the incline. Thus . T2 41. √ √ ⇒ . √ √ ⇒ (√ ) √ . …I . its acceleration is zero.0 kg block and the plane below it is 0. the torque about center of the meter stick is zero. .5 and the plane below the 4. ) ⇒ Substituting values of . ) ⇒ Substituting values of . √ … III in III above down the incline. . . . Since there is no friction between 4 kg block and plane below it. If he stays on the ladder at a point 8.00 m from the lower end. ( cos ) … II Rotation of the pulley gives . Find the tension in the two strings. Thus ( . A uniform meter stick of mass 200 g is suspended from the ceiling through two vertical strings of equal lengths fixed at the ends.0 kg block is frictionless. ) . ⇒ .. . ( )( . Since the meter stick does not rotate. .

Let ∴ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ be the maximum weight of the electrician that ladder can support.10 Rotational Mechanics ladder by the ground ? What should be the minimum coefficient of friction for the electrician to work safely ? Take force as shown in the figure. . x x From the equilibrium of the ladder we have and . Thus ( And From equation N2 37° mg Mg N1 f ) we get . ( ) .540. (a) Find the torque of force exerted by the man on the ladder about the upper end of the ladder. A 6. . As the ladder does not slip or rotate. . . . the force of friction will not be able to prevent slipping of the ladder. 43. ) ) N2 θ° mg . . A 60 kg man stands half way up the ladder. sin ⇒ ( √ ( ( . Then . If value of μ is less than this value. Find the maximum weight of a mechanic who could go up and do the work from the same position of the ladder. taking torques at ground/ladder contact point. (b) Assuming the weight of the ladder to be negligible as compared to man and assuming the wall to be smooth find the force exerted by the ground on the ladder.12 . . we have ( sin ) ( sin ) ( cos ) ⇒ x 9. x x x 9.5 m long ladder rests against a vertical wall reaching a height of 6. then 10.0 m. The torque on the point of contact of ground/ladder is zero as the ladder is in equilibrium. Therefore . ) . 42. ) . (a) Let θ be the angle which the ladder makes with the wall. cos . N1 f If F be the force of the ground on the ladder. cos (b) )√ ( ( . Then . Let be the masses of the electrician and the ladder. . Suppose the friction coefficient between the ground and the ladder of the previous problem is 0.

the torque on hinge B about this axis is zero.10 Rotational Mechanics √ 44. Since the roller is smooth it exerts no frictional force. 1. Calculate (a) the angular momentum of the rod about the axis of rotation. A uniform rod of mass 300 g and length 50 cm rotates at a uniform angular speed of 2 rad/s about an axis perpendicular to the rod through an end. Let ’ be the normal force exerted by the roller on the rod. Let the ground exert normal force N and frictional force on the rod. . The door of an almirah is 6 ft high. By equating vertical and horizontal components of the net force on the hinges we get And Also A D C B read with above two relations gives us As the door does not rotate through an axis through B and perpendicular to line AB. Find the friction coefficient between the ground and the lower end if the minimum angle that the rod can make with the horizontal is θ. vertical forces and the torque through contact point of rod with ground. If the magnitudes of the forces exerted by the hinges on the door are equal find this magnitude. Let μ be the required friction coefficient. we get . . . . Since the rod does not slip or spin we have by equating the horizontal. Let the force on the upper hinge A be and on the lower hinge B be with their respective vertical and horizontal components and and and . ⇒ Thus √ 45. 10. The door is supported by two hinges situated at distance of 1 ft from the ends.5 ft wide and weighs 8 kg. (b) the speed of the center of the rod and (c) its kinetic energy. sin cos cos cos And cos ( ( L N mg h θ ⇒ And N’ cosθ N’ N’ sin θ f ) sin cos ) ( ) sin 46.13 . We have . A uniform rod of length L rests against a smooth roller as shown in figure.

. . . ) . Calculate the ratio of the angular momentum of the earth about its axis due to its spinning motion to that about the sun due to orbital motion. ( ) ( ) . ⇒ ⇒ ) .14 . x . km. angular velocity and angular momentum of the earth about its center. . )( . )( .1 N. )( ) ( . Let . . )( ) . ⇒ ⇒ . Then the distances and of the masses and from the center of mass are ( ) ( ) 10. x ) . . x 49. the moment of inertia. A uniform square plate of mass 2 kg and edge 10 cm rotates about one of its diagonals under the action of a constant torque of 0. Show that the angular momentum of the system is where μ is the reduced mass of the system defined as . Then ( . ( . each being equal to half of moment of inertia through line passing center and perpendicular to the plate. The moment of inertia I through the diagonal is equal to moment of inertia through the line passing through center and parallel to the edge. ( . 47. x ∴ . ⇒ 48.10 Rotational Mechanics (a) With usual notation . x . Radius of the earth = 6400 km and of the orbit of the earth about the sun . The system rotates at an angular speed ω about an axis through the center of the mass of the system and perpendicular to the rod. ω and L be the moment of inertia. Two particles of masses are joined by a light rigid rod of length . (c) ( . (b) ( ) . x . Let be the moment of inertia of the system about the center of mass. Let r and R be the radii of the earth and the orbit of the earth about the sun. Calculate the angular momentum and the kinetic energy of the plate at the end of the 5th second after the start.m. angular velocity and angular momentum of the earth about the sun and .

0 rad/s.10 Rotational Mechanics ( ⇒ ( ) ) ⇒ 50. A boy is seated in a revolving chair revolving at an angular speed of 120 revolutions per minute.0 N acts on one of the masses in the direction of its velocity for 0. If he folds his hands and feet to decrease his moment of inertia to .0 cm is rotating about its axis at an angular speed of 20. Then . . Let the suffixes and refer to the initial and final state of the angular motion quantities. . . )( . . ( . )( . . 53.10 s. If by pulling the balls closer. A diver having moment of inertia . From the conservation of angular momentum we have . The impulse is provided by the force . ) . ) ⇒ . ) 9. A wheel of moment of inertia . Thus torque of the force is . Find the new angular speed of the wheel. The moment of inertia of the dumb-bell about line passing through its center and perpendicular to it is ( . Let the suffixes and refer to the initial and final state of the angular motion quantities. It picks up a stationary particle of mass 200 g at its edge. the boy decreases the moment of inertia of the system from . 10. what will be the new angular speed ? Let the suffixes and refer to the initial and final state of the angular motion quantities. and radius 20. about an axis through its center of mass rotates at an angular speed of 2 rad/s about this axis. .15 . ( . ( ) . . . . 52. we have 51. in the direction of velocity which is perpendicular to the rod as the mass is moving in circular motion. Then by conservation of agular momentum we have ( ) . ( ) If ω be the angular speed of the dumb bell at the end of the impulse. A dumb-bell consists of two identical small balls of mass ½ kg each connected to the two ends of a 50 cm long light rod. Find the new angular velocity of the system. . An impulsive force of average magnitude 5. The dumb-bell is rotating about a fixed axis through the center of the rod and perpendicular to it at an angular speed of 10 rad/s. . Two heavy balls form part of the system and the boy can pull the balls closer to himself or may push them apart. . what will be the new angular speed ? .

. Find the angular velocity with which the platform will start rotating. Again if is the moment of inertia of the platform/boy system. ( ) ⇒ . If the velocity of the ball is horizontally along the tangent to the edge of the platform when it was caught by the kid. the ball has a linear momentum m when the boy throws it. and that of the umbrella is . A second wheel is set into rotation at 300 rev/minute and is coupled to the same shaft so that both wheels finally rotate with a common angular speed of 200 rev/minute. . the angular velocity of the ball is when the boy catches the ball and thus the angular momentum of the ball is ( ) . find the angular speed of the platform after the event. A kid of mass M stands at the edge of a platform of radius R which can be freely rotated about its axis. we have from the conservation of angular momentum ) ( ) ( . Then ( ) Since the velocity of the ball is tangential to edge of the platform. 10. By conservation of angular momentum this is equal to . Since the velocity of the ball is tangential to the edge of the platform. The angular momentum of the ball when it leaves the boy’s hand is . The boy starts spinning the umbrella about the axis at an angular speed of 2 rev/s with respect to himself. the final angular momentum of the system. Find the moment of inertia of the second wheel. Suppose the platform of the previous problem is brought to rest with the ball in the hand of the kid standing on the rim. The boy holds an open umbrella in his hand. The system is at rest when a friend throws a ball of mass m and the kid catches it. Let be the moment of inertia of the platform/boy/ball system. . ( . 55. The moment of inertia of "the platform plus the boy system" is . A wheel of moment of inertia . . A boy is standing on a platform which is free to rotate about its axis. The moment of inertia of the platform is I. But the motion of the platform is due to third law pair torque on it vis-a-vis torque on the umbrella. 56. ⇒ ( ) 57. is rotating about a shaft at an angular speed of 160 rev/minute. . The kid throws the ball horizontally to his friend in a direction tangential to the rim with a speed as seen by his friend. If I be the moment of inertia of the second wheel. The angular speed of the umbrella is with respect to the boy. )( ) ⇒ . This imparts a similar angular momentum to the boy/platform system. Thus if boy rotates with angular speed ω the umbrella rotates with angular speed – ω . The axis of the umbrella coincides with that of the platform. . Find the angular velocity imparted to the platform.10 Rotational Mechanics Then by conservation of agular momentum we have ( ) 54. Thus .16 .

Calculate (a) the speed of the center of the mass. The kid starts walking along the rim with speed relative to the platform also in the anticlockwise direction. . A uniform rod of mass and length is struck at an end by a force F perpendicular to the rod for a short time interval .17 . Assume time t is so small that the rod does not appreciably change its direction while the force acts. 60. A uniform rod of length L lies on a smooth horizontal table. Show that if the mass of the rod is four times that of the particle. Then ( ) (b) The torque produced by the force F while it acted on one end of the rod is ⇒ (c) ( ) Since the rod undergoes both rotation and translation motion. Find the new angular speed of the platform. The angular momentum is given by . (b) the angular speed of the rod about center of mass. Let be the velocity of the particle of mass just before the collision and be the linear velocity of the center of the rod and the angular velocity of the rod about its center just after the collision. By the principle of conservation of linear momentum 10. the kinetic energy is given by . Find the distance travelled by the center of the rod by the time it turns through a right angle. Let be the final angular speed of the platform. By the conservation of the angular momentum we have ( ) ( ) ⇒ 59. the collision is elastic. (c) the kinetic energy of the rod and (d) the angular momentum of the rod about the center of mass after force has stopped to act. (a) Let be the final speed of the center of mass of the rod after the force F acted on one end of the rod for time t. Since the kid and the platform are moving in the same direction the angular speed of the kid relative to ground is . A particle moving on the table strikes the rod perpendicularly at the end and stops. . Suppose the platform with the kid in the previous problem is rotating in anticlockwise direction at an angular speed ω.10 Rotational Mechanics then And if the angular speed of the platform boy system is ω then 58. (d) .

(b) Find the velocity of the particle with respect to C before the collision. so does the center of mass C of the rod particle system. 61. (a) Let the velocity of center of mass be after the particle collides with and sticks to the rod. then (c) As particle approaches the rod. the kinetic energy of the particle rod system after the collision is ( ( ) ) ( ) ( ) Thus the kinetic energy before and after the collision is conserved.t. Since the particle stops and separates from the rod after the collision. C. Suppose the particle of the previous problem has a mass and a speed before the collision and it sticks to the rod after the collision. The rod has a mass M. the distance of the particle from the center of mass of the rod particle system is . the linear momentum is also conserved and hence the collision is elastic. (e) Find the moment of inertia of the system about the vertical axis through the center of mass C after the collision.t. (c) Find the velocity of the rod with respect to C before the collision. (f) Find the velocity of the center of mass C and the angular velocity of the system about the center of mass after the collision.r. (a) Find the velocity of center of mass C of the system constituting “the rod plus the particle”. the center of mass C.18 . Let the velocity of the particle w. Conversely the rod moves w.t. center of mass. ( ) ( ) 10. Let be the velocity of the rod w. Then by the principle of conservation of linear momentum we have ( ) ⇒ (b) As particle moves so does the center of mass of the rod particle system.r.10 Rotational Mechanics ⇒ To find we use the principle of conservation of angular momentum ⇒ If T is the time taken by the rod to turn through a right angle then Since is constant we have In case .r. (d) Find the angular momentum of the particle about the center of mass C before the collision. Then be ( ) (d) When the particle is at a distance L/2 from the center of the rod.

The system translates on a frictionless horizontal surface with a velocity in a direction perpendicular to the rod. ( ) ( ) Using the value of from part (c) the angular momentum of the rod about center of mass C before collision is ( (e) )( ) ( ) Let I be the moment of inertia of the rod particle system after the collision.19 . The moment of inertia of the rod balls system is ( ) The moment of inertia of the rod.10 Rotational Mechanics Using the value of from part (b) the angular momentum of the particle about center of mass C before collision is ( )( ( ) ) ( ) Again when the particle is at a distance L/2 from the center of the rod. then by the principle of conservation of the angular momentum. The system is rotated with an angular speed ω about the axis. Find (a) the linear speeds of the balls A and 10. balls. the distance of the center of the rod from the center of mass of the rod particle system is . are joined rigidly to the ends of a light rod of length L. The rod is clamped at the center in such a way that it can rotate freely about the vertical axis through its center. Two small balls A and B each of mass . Two small balls A and B each of mass . particle system is ( ) If is the new angular velocity. Find the new angular speed of the rod. A particle P of mass m kept at rest sticks to the ball A as the ball collides with it. we have ⇒ ω 63. then ( * (( ) ( ) ( (f) ) ( ) ) + ( ) ( ) ) ( ) By the principle of conservation of linear momentum we get ( ) ⇒ Again by the principle of conservation of angular momentum we get ( ⇒ ( ( ) ( ) ( ) )( ( ( ) ( ) ) ) ) ( ) 62. are joined rigidly to the ends of a light rod of length L as in figure. A particle P of mass m kept at rest sticks to the ball A as the ball collides with it.

then ( ) ( ) The linear momentum of the system before the collision is ( ) The linear momentum of the system after the collision is By the principle of conservation of linear momentum. (b) the velocity of the system A+B+P and (c) the angular speed of the system about C after the collision. A particle of the same mass is dropped from a height on the ball B. (a) Find the angular momentum and angular speed of the system just after the collision. Suppose the rod with balls A and B of the previous problem is clamped at the center in such a way that it can rotate freely about a horizontal axis through the clamp. Then by the principle of conservation of linear momentum ⇒ (c) If I be the moment of inertia of the system A+B+P about its center of mass C. Then √ By the principle of conservation of angular momentum. The particle collides with B and sticks with it. (a) Since the rod will exert force on ball B only along it length. we have ⇒ 64.10 Rotational Mechanics B after the collision. will not affect the velocity of B. that is perpendicular to the velocity of B.20 . the angular momentum just after the collision is same as the angular momentum just before the collision. then ( ) ( ) 10. Thus we have √ If √ be the moment of inertia of the system about the given axis. (b) What should be the minimum valus of so that the system makes a full rotation after the collision. The system is kept at rest in the horizontal position. Taking and as the velocities of balls A and B after collision. (a) Let be the velocity of the particle when it strikes the ball B. we get from the principle of conservation of linear momentum ⇒ (b) ( A v0 B v0 L ) Let be the velocity of the system A+B+P after the collision.

) . ( ) . Then speed of the blocks will be . 67. Let the final position be the position when the 1 kg block has descended . The system will make a full rotation if the Energy of the system when ball B is at the highest point is greater than zero. The string going over it is attached at one end to a vertical spring of spring constant 50N/M fixed from below. It is gently allowed to fall 10. Two blocks of masses 400 g and 200 g are connected through a light string going over a pulley which is free to rotate about its axis.9 m1 m2 (b) Let the angular velocity of the pulley at the instant when the 400 g block has descended cm be ω. The pulley has a moment of inertia . . 66. and a radius 2. Now ( . . (b) the speed of the blocks at this instant. ) ( . Then by the principle of conservation of energy we get ( ) [ ( )( )( . ( ) . . . Find (a) the kinetic energy of the system as the 400 g block falls through 50 cm. √ ⇒ . The pulley shown in the figure has a radius 20 cm. (a) The kinetic energy of the system when the 400 g block has descended 50 cm will be equal to the change in the potential energy of the system. the energy of the system with ball B at the highest position is given by . Let us take the initial position as the reference position for the potential energy. ( ) ⇒ 65. But since the center of mass does not move. . ⇒ . Take . and supports a 1 kg mass at the other end.0 cm. . ( ) ⇒ . Find the speed of the block when it has descended through 10 cm.10 Rotational Mechanics √ ⇒ (b) √ Take the initial horizontal position as the reference position for the potential energy. and moment of inertia . A meter stick is held with one end on a rough horizontal floor. . The system is released from rest with spring at its natural length. .21 . . ) ] . . .

If the √ stick rises through a maximum angle θ. if ω is the angular velocity after the collision. Initially the rod is kept vertical and the string horizontal when the system is released from rest. ) . When the particle falls to the lowest point in its path.22 . If I is the moment of inertia about the end held on floor. Find the maximum angle through which the sick will rise. √ Aliter: If I is the moment of inertia about the end held on floor. that is the gravitational force. Therefore. is negligible. its velocity is . then The torque provided by the gravitational force about this axis is ( ) ⇒ ⇒ √ √ ( . we have ⇒ ( ) ( ) Taking the lowest position of the particle as the reference position for the potential energy. 68. The moment of inertia of the particle rod system about the axis of rotation is [ ( ) ] Now the angular momentum before and after the collision is conserved because the work done during this interval by the only external force. A meter stick weighing 240 g is pivoted at its upper end in such a way that it can freely rotate in a vertical plane through this end. . that of the rod by and the length of the rod by . find the angular speed of the rod when it hits the floor. The particle collides with the lower end of the stick and sticks there. A particle of mass 100 g is attached to the upper end of the stick through alight string of length 1 m.10 Rotational Mechanics on the floor. then height gained by the lower end where the particle sticks is ( cos ) The height gained by the center of mass of the meter stick is . then By the principle of conservation of energy ( ) ⇒ √ √ √ √ 9. Assuming that the end at the floor does not slip. we get from the principle of conservation of energy 10. Let us denote the mass of the particle by .

If T be the tension in the string then torque on the disc is 10. ( )( ) ( .9 √ ⇒ . ) .9 Having found the radial acceleration we now proceed to find the value the tangential acceleration.9 acting on the mass element and . It is displaced through an angle of 60° and then released. Since the only force acting on the rod is the gravitational force which acts on the center of mass of the rod. Find the downward acceleration of the disc. 69. A cylinder rolls on a horizontal plane surface. 71.9√ at the tip of the rod is the resultant of the two 70. A uniform rod pivoted at its upper end hangs vertically. By the principle of conservation of energy we have ( ⇒ √ ) (cos cos ) ( ) √ . The kinetic energy of the sphere is ( )( ) 72. what is the speed of the highest point ? Under the rolling motion the velocity of the highest point is double the velocity of the center of the rolling body. Therefore the velocity of the highest point is 50 m/s. The disc moves down. . A string is wrapped over the edge of a uniform disc and free end is fixed with the ceiling. Let the radius of the disc be . Therefore the torque of the gravitational force on the axis of rotation is given by ( sin ) ( . Find the magnitude of the force acting on a particle of mass dm at the tip of the rod when the rod makes an angle of 37° with the vertical. )( ) )( .10 Rotational Mechanics ⇒ ( ) ⇒ cos ⇒ cos . If be the length of the rod. then ( cos ) and ( cos ) Let be the velocity of the mass element and the angular velocity of the rod when it make angle 37° with the vertical. the heights of the lowest tip of the rod when the rod makes angle 60° and 37° respectively. If the speed of the center is 25 m/s.23 . unwinding the string. Let be the mass of the rod and . Find its kinetic energy at an instant when its center moves with speed . ( ) ( . A sphere of mass rolls on a plane surface. ∴ ⇒ The force forces ∴ ( ) . ) . √ .

A small spherical ball is released from a point a height on a rough track shown in figure. When the sphere has rolled down a length . Find the speed of its center when it has covered length . From the downward motion of the disc we have ( ) ⇒ 73. ⇒ √ 74. A sphere starts rolling down an incline of inclination θ. To what height will it climb up the curved part ? Let the mass of the disc be and radius . 10. Substituting value of √( A l and solving for . By the principle of conservation of mechanical energy h . A small disc is rolling with a speed on the horizontal track of the previous problem from right to left. (a) What should be the minimum coefficient of friction between the sphere and the plane so as to prevent sliding ? (b) Find the kinetic energy of the ball as it moves down a length on the incline if the friction coefficient is half the value calculated in part (a). find its linear speed when it rolls on the horizontal part of the track. A hollow sphere is released from the top of an inclined plane of inclination θ. Let the mass of the sphere be and radius .10 Rotational Mechanics ⇒ Where is the tangential and hence the downward acceleration of the disc. Assuming that it does not slip anywhere. ⇒ 75.24 . If is the height climbed by the disc we have by the principle of conservation of mechanical energy . B sin ) θ 76. the height scaled down by it is sin By the principle of conservation of mechanical energy we have .

From the motion of the hollow sphere. Figure shows a rough track. A solid sphere of mass is released from rest from the rim of a hemispherical cup so that it rolls along the surface. But cos … II And mg cos θ mg θ ⇒ Putting in I above and solving for sin From equation II we have tan (b) When tan we have cos ⇒ sin Since the acceleration is constant we have lg sin . Let the radius of the hemisphere be R and the mass of the sphere be and radius .10 Rotational Mechanics (a) Let μ be the minimum coefficient of friction between the sphere and the plane required to prevent sliding. we have sin …I Where is the acceleration along the incline. ( and the centrifugal force ) 78. find the normal force exerted by the cup on the ball when the ball reached the bottom of the cup. By the principle of conservation of mechanical energy . a portion of which is in the form of a cylinder of radius R. Let be the minimum starting linear speed required for the sphere to go round the circle 10.25 . This is also the tangential acceleration of the rolling sphere. If the rim of the of the hemisphere is kept horizontal. ( ) sin 77. With what minimum linear speed should a sphere of radius be set rolling on the horizontal part so that it completely goes round the circle on cylindrical part. ⇒ √ The normal force consists of the normal reaction force ⇒ .

Let the meeting point of the horizontal path with the cylindrical portion be the reference point for the potential energy. refer to the initial state and the state when the sphere is at the top of the cylindrical path. refer to the positions when the ball is at the lowest point and at the point A respectively. (c) Find the normal force and the frictional force acting on the ball if H = 60 cm. Then by the principle of conservation of mechanical energy ( sin ) ( ) ⇒ ⇒ sin ) (b) ( ( sin ) ) ( From part (a) above we have ( sin ) ⇒ ( sin ) To find the tangential acceleration differentiate the above first equation 10. (a) R H A θ Take the lowest point of the track as the reference point for the potential energy. θ = 0 and . Let .26 .10 Rotational Mechanics on the cylindrical path. Let . The ball is released on the linear portion at a vertical height H from the lowest point. (a) Find the kinetic energy of the ball when it is at a point A where the radius makes an angle θ with the horizontal. Figure shows a spherical ball of mass rolling down the loop track. R=10 cm. The circular part shown has a radius R. Therefore ( ⇒ ) ( ) ( ⇒ ⇒ √ ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) 79. Then by the principle of conservation of mechanical energy ( ) R For to be minimum the normal force on the sphere at final position should be zero. (b) Find the radial and tangential accelerations of the center when ball is at A.

A thin spherical shell of radius R lying on a rough horizontal surface is hit sharply and horizontally with a cue. Find the linear speed of the wheel after it starts pure rolling. . Since the gravitational force acts on the shell at its center. the wheel accelerates forward and its rotation decelerates till the wheel starts pure rolling on the surface. from part (b) above ( ( . ) ) . Since the shell does not slip on the surface we have Since the gravitational force acts on the shell at its center. If hit below that it will get projected at the an angle above the horizontal. ( . Find the linear speed of the shell after it starts pure rolling on the surface. A thin spherical shell lying on a rough horizontal surface is hit sharply and horizontally by a cue in such a way that the line of action passes through the center of the shell.10 Rotational Mechanics ( cos ⇒ (c) ) cos cos Using values of and . Suppose it is hit at a distance above the center. Because of the friction at the contact. Where should it be hit so that the shell does not slip on the surface ? If it is hit at the center of the shell.27 . 9 80. is conserved. ⇒ ( ) ⇒ ( ) 82. about a horizontal 10. Because of the friction with the surface of contact the shell will start rotation and will eventually start pure rolling. about a horizontal axis through the center of the shell. it produces no torque and therefore the angular momentum. By the principle of conservation of angular momentum we have ⇒ 81.9 x9. This rotating wheel is now placed on a rough horizontal surface with its axis horizontal. it produces no torque and therefore the angular momentum. ( ) . the force shall produce no torque and instead of rolling it will slip on the surface. )) cos ( . A uniform wheel of radius R is set into rotation about its axis at an angular speed ω. So it has to be hit above the center. Let be the final linear velocity and the final angular velocity when pure rolling starts. As a result the shell starts moving with linear speed without any initial angular velocity. By the principle of conservation of angular momentum Where the left side is the initial angular momentum and on the right side the angular momentum after the pure rolling has started.

Find the distance travelled by the sphere during the time it makes one full rotation. The coefficient of static friction between the surface in contact is 2/7.. A hollow sphere of radius R lies on a smooth horizontal surface. I and ⇒ … II From I and II above ( ⇒ ( ) ) ⇒ The force ⇒ will be maximum when the friction coefficient has its maximum value . . is conserved. ( ) 84. It is pulled by a horizontal force acting tangentially from the highest point..28 . . Then ( ) ( ) ⇒ . . Since the sphere is rolling the frictional force is in the same direction as the force applied at its highest point. What maximum force can be applied at the highest point in the horizontal direction so that the sphere does not slip on the surface ? Let force be applied at the highest point in the horizontal direction so that the sphere does not slip on the surface. A solid sphere is set into motion on a rough horizontal surface with linear speed in the forward direction and an angular speed in the anticlockwise direction as shown in the figure.50 kg is kept on a horizontal surface. . Find the linear speed of the sphere (a) when it stops rotating and (b) when slipping finally ceases and pure rolling starts. . By the principle of conservation of angular momentum we have ( ) ⇒ 83. . A solid sphere of mass 0. (a) Since the linear velocity is in the forward direction and the angular velocity in 10. ⇒ Since α is constant we have ⇒ ⇒ But ⇒ .10 Rotational Mechanics axis through the center of the shell. 85.

By the principle of conservation of angular momentum at the initial state of backward motion and when pure rolling starts ( ) ⇒ . ∎ 10.29 . the sphere necessarily slides. Then by the principle of conservation of angular momentum ( ) ⇒ . A solid sphere rolling on a rough horizontal surface with a linear speed collides elastically with a fixed. Let the mass of the sphere be and the linear velocity when rotation stops be . Find the speed of the sphere after it has started pure rolling in backward direction.10 Rotational Mechanics anti-clock wise direction. Since the sphere collides elastically. it will bounce back with same speed linear but angular speed continues to be as it was before collision. smooth. We get from the principle of conservation of angular momentum about the point of contact ( ) ⇒ (b) Let and be the linear and angular speeds of the sphere when pure starts rolling. Let and be the linear and angular speeds of the sphere when pure starts rolling. ⇒ 86. vertical wall.