MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

1. Definition
Mechanical engineering is a diverse subject that derives its breadth from the need to
design and manufacture everything from small individual parts and devices (e.g.,
microscale sensors and inkjet printer nozzles) to large systems (e.g., spacecraft and
machine tools). The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to
the marketplace. In order to accomplish this, a broad range of skills are needed.

2. Knowlegde required
The mechanical engineer needs to acquire particular skills and knowledge. He/she
needs to understand the forces and the thermal environment that a product, its parts,
or its subsystems will encounter; to design them for functionality, aesthetics, and the
ability to withstand the forces and the thermal environment they will be subjected to;
and to determine the best way to manufacture them and ensure they will operate
without failure. Perhaps the one skill that is the mechanical engineer’s exclusive
domain is the ability to analyze and design objects and systems with motion.

computers and electronics (disk drives. Mechanical engineers learn about materials. or MEMS (sensors. control systems for airplanes and spacecraft). microfabrication). wind turbines. data and image acquisition. To put it simply. aircraft engines. and manufacturing to understand mechanical systems. mechanical engineering is perhaps the broadest and most diverse of engineering disciplines. sensors). thermodynamics. transmission. energy conversion (gas turbines. semiconductor tools). fuel cells). instrumentation. printers. actuators. cooling systems. environmental control (HVAC. fluidic systems for pharmaceutical industries). compressors). mechanical engineering deals with anything that moves. a very complex machine. prototyping. biotechnology (implants. automation (robots. . control. refrigeration. including the human body. heat transfer. Mechanical engineers play a central role in such industries as automotive (from the car chassis to its every subsystem—engine. micropower generation). solar energy. recognition. air-conditioning. machine tools. microelectromechanical systems. aerospace (airplanes. design. control). solid and fluid mechanics.Since these skills are required for virtually everything that is made. manufacturing (machining. prosthetic devices.

and produce a system. management. Regardless of the particular path they envision for themselves after they graduate. the ability to overcome all constraints.3. their education will have provided them with the creative thinking that allows them to design an exciting product or system. For those interested in applied scientific and mathematical aspects of the discipline. market. law. the analytical tools to achieve their design goals. . Future of the career The breadth of the mechanical engineering discipline allows students a variety of career options beyond some of the industries listed above. graduate study in mechanical engineering can lead to a career of research and teaching. consulting. and so on. These valuable skills could also launch a career in medicine. banking. finance. and the teamwork needed to design.

They may occasionally visit worksites where a problem or piece of equipment needs their personal attention. engineering. In most settings.Work Environment for Mechanical Engineers The industries that employed the most mechanical engineers were as follows: Engineering services 19% Machinery manufacturing 15% Computer and electronic product manufacturing 7% Research and development in the physical. and other professionals as part of a team. they work with other engineers. engineering technicians. and life sciences 6% Aerospace product and parts manufacturing 6% Mechanical engineers generally work in offices. .

. Mechanical engineering technology programs focus less on theory and more on the practical application of engineering principles. Mechanical engineers who sell services publicly must be licensed to do this. They may emphasize internships and coops to prepare students for work in industry.How to Become a Mechanical Engineer Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Some 5-year or even 6-year cooperative plans combine classroom study with practical work. enabling students to gain valuable experience and earn money to finance part of their education. Mechanical Engineer Education Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical engineering programs usually include courses in mathematics and life and physical sciences. Some colleges and universities offer 5-year programs that allow students to obtain both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. as well as engineering and design courses.

A creative mind is essential for this kind of work. They must listen to and analyze different approaches made by other experts to complete the task at hand. and troubleshooting in their work. Mechanical engineers use the principles of calculus. as well as for some research and development programs. design. Mechanical engineers may become administrators or managers after obtaining the requisite experience. Mechanical skills allow engineers to apply basic engineering concepts and mechanical processes to the design of new devices and systems. Advancement for Mechanical Engineers A Ph. Listening skills.Important Qualities of Mechanical Engineers Creativity. Mechanical engineers may earn graduate degrees in engineering or business administration to learn new technology. and enhance their project management skills. Mechanical engineers need good problem-solving skills to take scientific discoveries and use them to design and build useful products. Mechanical engineers design and build complex pieces of equipment and machinery.D. . statistics. is essential for engineering faculty positions in higher education. Math skills. Problem-solving skills. broaden their education. such as architects and computer scientists. Mechanical engineers often work on projects with others. and other advanced subjects in math for analysis. Mechanical skills.

about as fast as the average for all occupations. Mechanical engineers often work on the newest industrial pursuits. Mechanical engineers will also remain involved in various manufacturing industries. They will be needed to design the next generations of vehicles and vehicle systems. remanufacturing. particularly transportation equipment. Mechanical engineers can work in many industries and on many types of projects. Remanufacturing—rebuilding goods for a new use after they have worn out or become nonfunctional—holds promise because it reduces the cost of waste disposal. Mechanical engineers are projected to experience much faster than growth in engineering services as companies continue to contract work from these firms. Job prospects may be best for those who stay informed regarding the most recent advances in technology. . As a result. such as hybrid-electric cars and clean diesel automobiles.Job Outlook for Mechanical Engineers Employment of mechanical engineers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024. and nanotechnology may offer new opportunities for occupational growth. The fields of alternative energies. their growth rate will differ by the industries that employ them.

particularly for computational design and simulation. Such tools allow engineers and designers to take a project from the conceptual phase directly to a finished product.Mechanical Engineers Job Prospects Prospects for mechanical engineers overall are expected to be good. eliminating the need for prototypes. Careers Related to Mechanical Engineers . They will be best for those with training in the latest software tools.

. Petroleum engineers also find new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells. materials—for example. ceramics. process. composites. plastics. and test materials used to create a wide range of products. They study the properties and structures of metals. and other substances to create new materials that meet certain mechanical. nanomaterials (extremely small substances). and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies. direct. and chemical requirements. from computer chips and aircraft wings to golf clubs and biomedical devices. in equipment used in medical diagnosis and treatment. electrical.Architectural and Engineering Managers Architectural and engineering managers plan. Petroleum Engineers Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth’s surface. Materials Engineers Materials engineers develop.