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CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

Subject : Physical Chemistry

Problem Sheet No.

Date :

C the expression for equilibrium constant is :


1. For the system, 3 A 2B
3
2
[
C]
[ C]
[ A ] [B]
[ A ] 2 [B] 3
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
3
2
[ A ] [B]
[ A ] [B]
[C]
[C]

2. The equilibrium constants of the reactions,


1
SO 2 (g) O 2 (g)
SO 3 (g) and 2SO 2 (g) O 2 (g)
2
are K 1 and K 2 respectively. The relationship between K 1 and K 2 is :
(A) K 1 K 2
(B) K 22 K 1
(C) K 12 K 2
(D) K 2 K 1

2SO 3 (g)

2NO 2 (g)
3. The equilibrium constant for the given reaction is 100. N 2 ( g) 2O 2 (g)
What is the equilibrium constant for the reaction given below :
1
NO 2 (g)
N 2 (g) O 2 (g)
2
(A) 10
(B) 1
(C) 0.1
(D) 0.01
4. The equilibrium constant for the synthesis of HI at 490 C is 50.0. The value of K for the dissociation
of HI will be :
(A) 0.02
(B) 50.0
(C) 0.50
(D) 0.20
5. Consider the following equilibrium,

SO 2 (g)

K1
1
O 2 (g)
2

SO 3 (g) ;

2SO 3 (g)

K2

2SO 2 (g) O 2 (g)

What is the relation between K 1 and K 2 ?


1
1
(A) K 1
(B) K 1
(C) K 1 K 2
K2
K2

(D) K 1

A 2B
C,
the
equilibrium
[ A ] 0.06, [B] 0.12 and [C] 0.216 . The K C for the reaction is :

6. For

system,

1
K 22
concentrations

are

(A) 125
(B) 415
(C) 4 10 3
(D) 250
7. 4 mole of A are mixed with 4 mole of B when 2 mole of C are formed at equilibrium, according to the
C D the equilibrium constant is :
reaction, A B
(A) 2
(B) 2
(C) 1
(D) 4
8. HI was heated in a sealed tube at 400 C till the equilibrium was reached. HI was found to be 22%
decomposed. The equilibrium constant for dissociation is :
(A) 1.99
(B) 0.0199
(C) 0.0796
(D) 0.282
CD
9. A B
If initially the concentrations of A and B are both equal but at equilibrium, concentration of D will be
twice of that of A, then what will be the equilibrium constant of the reaction ?
4
9
1
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D) 4
9
4
9
2HI (g) , the equilibrium constant, K p , changes with :
10. For the reaction, H 2 (g) I2 ( g)
(A) total pressure
(B) catalyst
H
and
I
(C) the amounts of 2
(D) temperature
2 taken

11. In the reversible reaction, 2HI( g)


(A) greater than K C
(C) equal to K C

H 2 ( g) I2 ( g), K p is :
(B) less than K C

(D) Zero

12. In which of the following, the reaction proceeds towards completion ?


(A) K 1
(B) K 10 2
(C) K 10
(D) K 10 3
13. 2 moles of PCI5 were heated in a closed vessel of 2 litre capacity. At equilibrium, 40% PCI5 is
dissociated into PCI3 and CI2 . The value of equilibrium constant is :
(A) 0.267
(B) 0.53
(C) 2.63
(D) 5.3

2CO(g) , the partial pressure of CO 2 and CO are 2.0 and 4.0


14. For the reaction, C( s) CO 2 ( g)
atm, respectively at equilibrium. The K p of the reaction is :
(A) 0.5
(B) 4.0
(C) 32.0
(D) 8.0
C( g) Q kJ
15. The yield of product in the reaction, A 2 ( g) 2B( g)
would be higher at :
(A) low temperature and high pressure
(B) high temperature and high pressure
(C) low temperature and low pressure
(D) high temperature and low pressure
16. Manufacture of ammonia from the elements is represented by,
N2 ( g) 3H2 (g)
2NH3 (g) 22.4 kcal
The maximum yield of ammonia will be obtained when the process is made to take place :
(A) at low pressure and high temperature (B) at low pressure and low temperature
(C) at high pressure and high temperature (D) at high pressure and low temperature
2SO 3 ( g) X cal, most favourable conditions of temperature and
17. In the reaction, 2SO 2 ( g) O 2 (g)
pressure for greater yield of SO 3 are :
(A) low temperature and low pressure
(B) high temperature and low pressure
(C) high temperature and high pressure
(D) low temperature and high pressure

18. In the reaction, N2 ( g) 3H2 ( g)


increase when :
(A) pressure is increased
(C) temperature is lowered

2NH3 ( g), H 93.6 kJ , the yield of ammonia does not

(B) pressure is decreased


(D) volume of the reaction vessel is decreased

C 2H6 ( g) ; H 32.7 kcal


19. The reaction, C 2H 4 (g) H 2 ( g)
is carried out in a vessel. The equilibrium concentration of C 2H 4 can be increased by :
(A) increasing the temperature
(B) decreasing the pressure
(C) removing some hydrogen
(D) all of these

XY( g) Y( g) Initial pressure of XY2 is 600 mm Hg. The total


20. XY2 dissociates as : XY2 ( g)
pressure at equilibrium is 800 mm Hg. Assuming volume of system to remain constant, K p is :
(A) 50
(B) 100
(C) 200
(D) 400
3C( g) D( g) . Two moles each of A and B were taken into a
21. For the reaction : 2 A( g) B(g)
flask. The following must always be true when the system attained equilibrium :

(A) [ A ] [B]

(B) [ A ] [B]

(C) [B] [C]

(D) [ A ] [B]

22. In a vessel containing SO 3 , SO 2 and O 2 at equilibrium, some helium gas is introduced so that total
pressure increases while temperature and volume remain the same. According to Le Chateliers
principle, the dissociation of SO 3 :
(A) increase
(B) decreases
(C) remains unaltered
(D) changes unpredictably
23. The vapour density of undecomposed N 2 O 4 is 46. When heated, vapour density decreases to 24.5
due to its dissociation to NO 2 . The % dissociation of N 2 O 4 is :
(A) 40
(B) 57
(C) 67
(D) 87

CO( g) H 2 ( g)
24. C( s) H 2 O( g)
The above equilibrium when subjected to pressure :
(A) remains unaffected
(B) proceeds in the backward direction
(C) proceeds in the forward direction
(D) none of the above
PCI3 (g) CI2 (g)
25. For the reaction, PCI5 (g)
The forward reaction at constant temperature is favoured by :
(A) introducing inert gas at constant volume
(B) introducing chlorine gas at constant volume
(C) introducing an inert gas at constant pressure
(D) none of the above

26. Densities of diamond and graphite are 3.5 and 2.3 g/mL respectively. Increase in pressure on the
C graphite :
equilibrium C diamond
(A) favours backward reaction
(B) favours forward reaction
(C) has no effect
(D) increases the reaction rate
C D is 10 at 25 C . If a container contains 1, 2, 3 and 4 mol per litre of A, B, C
27. K C for A B
and D respectively at 25 C , the reaction shall :
(A) proceed from left to right
(B) proceed from right to left
(C) be at equilibrium
(D) none of these

X 3 Y(g)
28. For the chemical reaction, 3 X(g) Y(g)
the amount of X 3 Y at equilibrium is affected by :
(A) temperature and pressure
(B) temperature only
(C) pressure only
(D) temperature, pressure and catalyst

29. The partial pressures of CH3 OH , CO and H 2 in the equilibrium mixture for the reaction,
CO 2H 2
CH3 OH at 427 C are 2.0, 1.0 and 0.1 atm respectively. The value of K p for the
decomposition of CH3 OH into CO and H 2 is :
(A) 1 10 2 atm

(B) 2 10 2 atm 1

(C) 50 atm 2

(D) 5 10 3 atm 2

30. 8 mole of a gas AB 3 are introduced into a 1.0 dm 3 vessel. It dissociates as :


2AB 3 (g)
A 2 (g) 3B 2 (g)
At equilibrium, 2 mole of A 2 are found to be present. The equilibrium constant of the reaction is :
(A) 2 mol 2L2
(B) 3 mol 2L2
(C) 27 mol 2L2
(D) 36 mol 2L2
31. At constant temperature, the equilibrium constant (K p ) for the decomposition reaction,
4 x 2P
N2 O 4
2NO 2 is expressed by : K p
(1 x 2 )

where, P pressure, x extent of decomposition. Which one of the following statements is true ?
(A) K p increases with increase of P
(B) K p increases with increase of x
(C) K p increases with decrease of x
(D) K p remains constant with change in P and x
32. Phosphorous pentachloride dissociates as follows :
PCI5 (g)
PCI3 ( g) CI2 ( g)
If total pressure at equilibrium is P and the degree of dissociation of PCI5 is x, the partial pressure of
PCI3 will be :
x
2x
x
x
P
P
P
P
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
x 1
1 x
x 1
1 x

2NO 2 (g)
33. Consider the following equilibrium in a closed container, N 2 O 4 (g)
At a fixed temperature, the volume of the reaction container is halved. For this change, which of the
following statements holds true regarding the equilibrium constant (K p ) and degree of dissociation
( ) ?
(A) neither K p nor ' ' changes
(B) both K p and ' ' change
(C) K p changes but ' ' does not
(D) K p does not change but ' ' changes
Kp
COCI2 (g) , the
34. For the reaction, CO(g) CI2 (g)
is equal to :
Kc
(A) 1/ RT
(B) RT
(C) RT
(D) 1

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