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Products: R&S CMU200V02, R&S CMU200V10, R&S CMU-Z10, R&S CMU-Z11, R&S CMUgo

Testing Mobile Phones
Using Antenna Couplers

This Application Note describes how you can use antenna couplers for testing mobile phones. This
includes discussion of how to determine path losses and how to optimize usage of R&S CMUgo in
conjunction with antenna couplers. The GSM, UMTS and CDMA2000 network standards are all covered.

Subject to change without notice – T. Lutz / F. Schmitt 01.2008 – 1CM69

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers

Table of contents
1 Overview ............................................................................................. 3
2 Basic Principles for Determining Coupling Losses ................................ 4
3 Determination of the Reference Position in the Antenna Coupler.......... 5
Determination of the reference position for the WCDMA network
standard ......................................................................................... 5
Determination of the reference position for the GSM network
standard ......................................................................................... 5
Determination of the reference position for the IS-95 /
CDMA2000 network standard ......................................................... 5
General information about determination of the reference
position ........................................................................................... 6
4 Determination of the Coupling Loss in GSM ......................................... 6
Basic principles of the GSM network standard................................. 6
The power control level .............................................................. 6
The measurement report............................................................ 8
Basic procedure for the GSM network standard ............................ 10
Determination of the reference channels .................................. 10
Determination of the coupling loss on the uplink ....................... 12
Attachment of the telephone in the reference position
in the antenna coupler ........................................................ 12
Resetting the R&S CMU200 ................................................ 12
Setting the approximate attenuation values..................... 13
Making a call in the GSM 900 band.................................... 14
Setting the PCL .................................................................... 15
Setting the channel ............................................................. 16
Measuring the power of the telephone.............................. 16
Computing the attenuation................................................. 17
Determination of the coupling loss on the downlink................... 18
Setting the TCH level on the test instrument.................... 18
Computation of the attenuation ......................................... 19
Procedure in R&S CMUgo in GSM................................................ 20
A simple test sequence for a GSM band................................... 20
A test sequence for a GSM quadband telephone...................... 21
The GSM entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file ............................ 23
The "Tune Find Attenuation" test item ...................................... 24
Extending the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" database............. 25
5 Determination of the Coupling Loss in WCDMA ................................. 26
Basic principles of the WCDMA network standard ......................... 26
Open loop power control .......................................................... 27
Closed loop power control........................................................ 27
The measurement report.......................................................... 28
Procedure in the WCDMA network standard ................................. 29
Determination of the reference channels .................................. 29
Determination of the coupling loss on the uplink ....................... 31
Attachment of the telephone in the reference position
in the antenna coupler ........................................................ 32
Resetting the R&S CMU200 ................................................ 32
Setting the approximate attenuation values..................... 32
Setting up an RMC connection .......................................... 32
Setting the channel ............................................................. 32
Measuring the maximum power of the telephone............ 33
Verification of the power class of the telephone.............. 34
Computation of the attenuation ......................................... 35
Determination of the coupling loss on the downlink................... 35
Setting the CPICH level on the test instrument................ 36
Computation of the attenuation ......................................... 37
Procedure in R&S CMUgo in WCDMA .......................................... 38
A simple test sequence for a WCDMA band ............................. 38
The WCDMA entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file....................... 39
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Rohde & Schwarz

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers
The "Tune Find Attenuation" test item ...................................... 40
Extending the "TAC dependent attenuation" database.............. 41
6 Determination of the Coupling Loss in CDMA2000 ............................. 42
Basic principles of the CDMA2000 network standard..................... 42
Open loop power control .......................................................... 43
Closed loop power control........................................................ 43
Procedure in the CDMA2000 network standard............................. 43
Determination of the reference channels .................................. 43
Determination of the coupling loss on the reverse link .............. 52
Attachment of the telephone in the reference position
in the antenna coupler ........................................................ 52
Resetting the R&S CMU200 ................................................ 52
Setting the approximate attenuation values..................... 52
Setting up a test loopback connection (SO 2/9)............... 52
Setting the channel ............................................................. 54
Measuring the maximum power of the telephone............ 54
Computation of the attenuation ......................................... 54
Determination of the coupling loss on the forward link .............. 55
The basic principle of a receiver sensitivity
measurement ....................................................................... 55
Computation of the attenuation ......................................... 56
Procedure in R&S CMUgo in CDMA2000...................................... 57
A simple test sequence for a CDMA2000 band class................ 57
The "CDMA2000 Find Attenuation" test item ............................ 60
7 The Different Modes Provided by R&S CMUgo .................................. 63
8 Reading in the Sequence Name Using a Barcode .............................. 64
Direct entry of the sequence name................................................ 64
Indirect entry of the sequence name ............................................. 65
Entering the shortcut..................................................................... 66
9 Determination of the Sequence Name via User Input ......................... 67
Direct selection of the sequence name.......................................... 67
Entering a shortcut........................................................................ 69
The shortcut extension in CDMA2000 ........................................... 72
10 Assignment of the Attenuation Values ................................................ 74
11 The Database for TAC Dependent Attenuation .................................. 74
12 Procedure When Using TAC Dependent Attenuation ......................... 80
13 Database for Shortcut Dependent Attenuation in CDMA2000 and
1xEvDo................................................................................................... 80
14 Database for Shortcut Dependent Attenuation in GSM and
WCDMA ................................................................................................. 85
15 Procedure When Using Shortcut Dependent Attenuation ................... 89
16 Features of the R&S CMU200V02 and R&S CMU200V10.................. 90
17 Table of figures.................................................................................. 92
18 Additional Information ........................................................................ 95
19 Ordering Information .......................................................................... 96

1 Overview
Usage of antenna couplers when testing mobile phones is
increasingly common during the verification process (final testing) for
the mobile radio service. This is due to a lack of commercial
standardization for RF antenna connectors. In other words, a different
cable is required for almost every phone, which is naturally associated
with high added costs. In addition, more and more phones are being
sold that do not have an RF antenna connector that is accessible. The
antenna connectors for such phones might be located in the battery
compartment underneath the battery, or the device housing must be
disassembled to access them, or special frames are required to
accommodate the phone's circuit board.
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Testing of mobile phones is typically carried out on three channels per frequency band. In such cases. Each mobile radio standard specifies the maximum output power for a telephone in the appropriate power classes. 1CM69 4 Rohde & Schwarz . 36 attenuation values must be measured if we want to test this phone in an antenna coupler. usage of the antenna coupler. the only option is to determine the sensitivity of the telephone. 2 Basic Principles for Determining Coupling Losses When determining the loss values. there are still 18 values. As mentioned above. If we now compare the measured output power using the antenna coupler with the reference measurement. makes a significant contribution to how well this approach will work during the verification process (final testing). middle and high channel for each band.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The benefits of direct RF coupling are clear on the other hand. this is because the maximum power represents the sole reproducible output power level in which no closed loop mechanism comes into play. The attenuation value to be determined is measured at this maximum output power value. CDMA in accordance with the IS-95 standard and CDMA2000). It is necessary to determine the attenuation for a low. this reference measurement can be relatively time-consuming if the telephone does not have an RF antenna connector. The attenuation for the receiving and transmitting ends must be handled separately in order to account for the duplex spacing between the transmit and receive channels. this involves wired operation and on the other hand. this includes low path losses on the order of one to two decibels. However. For example. The accuracy that can be obtained using this method is dependent primarily on the accuracy of the reference measurement. this is because the tolerances have the narrowest range. which in turn is primarily dependent on the determination of the cable attenuation. On the one hand (GSM). More details on this approach can be found later in this Application Note. On the one hand. Determination of the coupling losses on the receiving end of the mobile phone is based on comparison of the measurement reports for the telephone. network standards also exist that do not support any measurement reports (e. Assuming that we are dealing with a well equipped mobile phone that supports two WCDMA bands and four GSM bands. we need a reference phone ("golden phone" or "golden device") that we can use to make an initial "wired" measurement. "Closed loop" means that the output power is controlled with the aid of power control bits that allow the base station to increase or decrease the output power of the telephone. The design of the antenna coupler. Note that the required reference telephones are supplied in many cases by the manufacturer along with a test record to the service company. On the other hand (CDMA-based standards). With a standard GSM triband telephone. the difference between the two measured values is precisely equal to the coupling loss we are interested in. low variation for this attenuation within a frequency band and high repeatability.g. along with support for the underlying functionality by the software tool used to test the mobile phone.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers 3 Determination of the Reference Position in the Antenna Coupler The R&S CMU-Z10/Z11 antenna coupler consists of two concentric circles. the WCDMA band is the best choice for a UMTS/GSM quadband telephone. Once a call has been set up. change to the "Max. Control of the power control bits should be set to AUTO. change to the "Max. Since the coupling loss typically increases with frequency. Values of around 10 dB in the PCS band and 5 dB in the cellular band represent a good starting point. 1CM69 5 Rohde & Schwarz . in GSM850 / GSM900 or the cellular band in IS95/CDMA2000 networks. change to the "Overview" menu on the R&S CMU200. as well as a smaller circle used. Values around 10 dB represent a good starting point. since it might be impossible to make a call otherwise. However. Change the setting for the power control level in GSM 1800 / GSM 1900 to 0. the upper band should be used to determine the reference position. The best positioning is achieved when the mobile radio antenna is in the center of the two circles. in GSM1800 / GSM 1900 and in the PCS band in IS95/CDMA2000 or in band I in WCDMA (UMTS). In addition. In other words. since it might be impossible to make a call otherwise. Values around 10 dB represent a good starting point for GSM 1800 / GSM 1900. Starting from the expected position of the mobile radio antenna. now move the telephone slowly over the antenna coupler and observe the display of the output power until you find the maximum value. One antenna is used for the upper frequency range and one for the lower frequency range. Power" menu on the R&S CMU200. now move the telephone slowly over the antenna coupler and observe the display of the output power until you find the maximum value. for example. for example. while lower values are better for GSM 850 / GSM 900 (typically 5 dB to 8 dB). Control of the power control bits should be set to AUTO. Power" menu on the R&S CMU200. now move the telephone slowly over the antenna coupler and observe the display of the output power until you find the maximum value. Determination of the reference position for the IS-95 / CDMA2000 network standard The input attenuation should not be set too high on the R&S CMU200. this is not a problem. For mobile phones with a visibly attached antenna. Starting from the expected position of the mobile radio antenna. Determination of the reference position for the WCDMA network standard The input attenuation should not be set too high on the R&S CMU200. since it might be impossible to make a call otherwise. Starting from the expected position of the mobile radio antenna. Determination of the reference position for the GSM network standard The input attenuation should not be set too high on the R&S CMU200. Once a call has been set up. mobile phones with an integrated antenna are more problematic. and in the other GSM bands to 5. Once a call has been set up. There is a larger circle for a lower frequency range used. there are more and more phones that have more than one antenna structure on the circuit board.

mobile phones in these bands fall into power class 4. GSM 480. GSM 850 and GSM 900. it is useful to lay the telephone on its side and check for the reference position in this somewhat unusual position.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers General information about determination of the reference position After you have located the maximum. arrange the angle bracket supplied with the antenna coupler so that the telephone will reliably come to rest in exactly this position. With certain telephones. The following table shows the output power of a mobile phone in the GSM bands GSM 450. 1CM69 6 Rohde & Schwarz . the output power of a mobile phone is determined by the power control level (PCL). do not forget to make note of the reference position once you find it. Fig. Finally. Typically. 1 Positioning grid for the CMU-Z10/Z11 antenna coupler 4 Determination of the Coupling Loss in GSM Basic principles of the GSM network standard The power control level In the GSM standard. It is typically not necessary to determine the reference position in more than one band.

2 PCL-dependent output power in GSM 450 / 480 / 850 / 900 The PCL values in the GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 bands are different compared to the above listed bands.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Power control level (PCL) Reference level Power class 1 Power class 2 Power class 3 Power class 4 Power class 5 0 to 2 39 dBm ± 2 dB ± 2 dB 3 37 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 2 dB 4 35 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 5 33 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 2 dB 6 31 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 7 29 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 2 dB 8 27 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 9 25 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 10 23 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 11 21 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 12 19 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 13 17 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 14 15 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 15 13 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 16 11 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB 17 9 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB 18 7 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB 19 5 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB Fig. The power class of the telephones is also not the same as for the other bands. 1CM69 7 Rohde & Schwarz . mobile phones in the GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 bands fall into power class 1. Typically.

e. a frame that does not contain any data). a slow associated control channel (SACCH) is also transmitted in a TCH multiframe in the 13th frame in addition to the traffic channel (TCH). in the transmit signal from the mobile phone to the base station) during this IDLE phase. 3 PCL-dependent output power in GSM 1800 / 1900 The measurement report Once a connection is established.e. 4 TCH-26 multiframe structure 1CM69 8 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Power control level (PCL) Reference level Power class Power class Power class 1 2 3 29 36 dBm ± 2 dB 30 34 dBm ± 3 dB 31 32 dBm ± 3 dB 0 30 dBm ± 2 dB ± 3 dB 1 28 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 2 26 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 3 24 dBm ± 3 dB ± 2 dB ± 3 dB 4 22 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 5 20 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 6 18 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 7 16 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 8 14 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 9 12 dBm ± 3 dB ± 3 dB ± 3 dB 10 10 dBm ± 4 dB ± 4 dB ± 4 dB 11 8 dBm ± 4 dB ± 4 dB ± 4 dB 12 6 dBm ± 4 dB ± 4 dB ± 4 dB 13 4 dBm ± 4 dB ± 4 dB ± 4 dB 14 2 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB 15 0 dBm ± 5 dB ± 5 dB ± 5 dB Fig. The TCH multiframe (see figure below) is terminated by an IDLE frame (i. No output signal is transmitted in the uplink signal (i. A TCH multiframe corresponds to a time interval of 120 ms. T T T T T T T T T C C C C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H T T T T S T T C C C C A C H H H H C H T T T T T T C C C C C C H H H H H H T T T T T T T T I C C C C C C C C C D H H H H H H H H H L C 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 E 9 10 11 12 H 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 19 20 21 22 23 24 Fig.

1 represents the range between I110 dBm and I109 dBm. the current measurement on the telephone becomes invalid.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The measurement report consists of four SACCH frames. 2 the range between I109 dBm and I108 dBm. transmission is required which also requires 480 ms. This is a 6-bit numerical value between 0 and 63 (decimal). Once the measurement is complete. the displayed RXLev value will naturally change too. Transmission of the data alone takes 480 ms.e. This means that it takes 960 ms to 1440 ms to obtain a valid measurement result for RXLev which corresponds to a new setting for the base station level. it is important to pay close attention to the timing. 1CM69 9 Rohde & Schwarz . However. The number 0 is used to represent receive levels below I110 dBm. If the signal level on the base station is changed. and so on. The RXLev value provides an indication of the receive level of the TCH signal. This makes it necessary to wait for the next measurement interval of 480 ms. After a change in the TCH level. On the uplink. the current PCL value and a timing advance value are transmitted using the SACCH (among other things). On the downlink (i. Transmission is interleaved for increased reliability. the RXLev value and the RXQual value. the telephone's receive direction). the telephone sends back the set PCL value.

but requires clarification for GSM 900 in terms of whether to take into account the EGSM channels. there are also channels 955 to 974 which are known as RGSM and are used for railway applications. middle and high channel. but not every telephone supports them. This is relatively simple for the GSM bands GSM 1800 (also known as the DCS band) and GSM 1900 (PCS band). 1CM69 10 Rohde & Schwarz . input level Basic procedure for the GSM network standard Determination of the reference channels We will first consider which channels to use as the low. 5 RXLev value vs. The EGSM channels were introduced later as an extension to the standard 124 channels in the GSM 900 band. In addition in the GSM 900 band.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers RXLev value Receive level 0 –110 dBm 1 –109 dBm to –110 dBm 2 –108 dBm to –109 dBm 3 –107 dBm to –108 dBm 4 –106 dBm to –107 dBm 5 –105 dBm to –106 dBm 6 –104 dBm to –105 dBm 7 –103 dBm to –104 dBm 8 –102 dBm to –103 dBm 9 –101 dBm to –102 dBm 10 –100 dBm to –101 dBm … 20 –90 dBm to –91 dBm … 30 –80 dBm to –81 dBm … 40 –70 dBm to –71 dBm … 50 –60 dBm to –61 dBm … 60 –50 dBm to –51 dBm 61 –49 dBm to –50 dBm 62 –48 dBm to –49 dBm 63 >–48 dBm Fig.

467..4 MHz DCS DCS .2 MHz . 292 293 . 10 GSM 480 channels and uplink frequencies The following table shows the channel assignment used in R&S CMUgo.. In the R&S CMU200. 6 GSM 900 channels and uplink frequencies Standard DCS DCS Channel 512 513 Frequency 1805..0 MHz 489. The table also specifies a channel for determining the coupling loss. 495.2 MHz GSM GSM .2 MHz 1930..4 MHz . 1CM69 11 Rohde & Schwarz .6 MHz 495.2 MHz 1805.4 MHz GSM 480 GSM 480 Fig.8 MHz Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Standard EGSM Channel 975 Frequenc y 925. 8 GSM 1900 channels and uplink frequencies In the rarely used GSM 450 band and GSM 480 band... 809 810 Frequency 1930. 934.. only 35 channels are available in each case..2 MHz EGSM EGSM GSM .2 MHz 467..6 MHz 460...6 MHz 1879.. 123 124 .8 MHz PCS PCS Fig. 339 340 Frequency 489. 9 GSM 450 channels and uplink frequencies Standard GSM 480 GSM 480 Channel 306 307 ...8 MHz GSM 450 GSM 450 . these two bands are combined into a functional group known as "GSM 400"..8 MHz Fig.6 MHz 1989.0 MHz 935. For TAC dependent or shortcut dependent attenuation value setting. 1879. 884 885 .... R&S CMUgo also supports only two values here (one for the GSM 450 band and one for the GSM 480 band). 1989. 959. 7 GSM 1800 channels and uplink frequencies Standard PCS PCS Channel 512 513 .8 MHz Fig. Standard GSM 450 GSM 450 Channel 259 260 Frequency 460...8 MHz 935...6 MHz 959.. 1023 0 1 ..

11 GSM reference channels Determination of the coupling loss on the uplink We will now proceed as follows based on the example of the high channel in the GSM 900 band: Attachment of the telephone in the reference position in the antenna coupler In general. Hotkey Reset / Reset all 1CM69 12 Rohde & Schwarz . Resetting the R&S CMU200 You should reset the functional groups that are used in order to prevent any instrument settings that were not explicitly set from having an influence on the measurement results.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band and range Channels Reference channel GSM 400 (GSM 450) 259 to 293 259 GSM 400 (GSM 480) 306 to 340 340 GSM 850 low channel 128 to 168 128 GSM 850 mid channel 169 to 209 189 GSM 850 high channel 210 to 251 251 GSM 900 low channel 0 to 30 / 955 to 1023 1 (975)* GSM 900 mid channel 31 to 78 62 (37)* GSM 900 high channel 79 to 124 124 GSM 1800 low channel 512 to 635 512 GSM 1800 mid channel 636 to 759 698 GSM 1800 high channel 760 to 885 885 GSM 1900 low channel 512 to 611 512 GSM 1900 mid channel 612 to 711 661 GSM 1900 high channel 712 to 810 810 * Including EGSM band Fig. the accuracy of the entire process is highly dependent on the repeatability of the positioning.

This makes it necessary to switch to the respective functional group (in this example. Softkey RF Output and RF Input Softkey AF/RF 1CM69 13 Rohde & Schwarz . This is intended to prevent overdriving or underdriving the R&S CMU200. 12 Resetting the R&S CMU200 Setting the approximate attenuation values In R&S CMUgo. this makes it impossible to make or keep a call. "GSM 900 Signaling").Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. However. default values of 10 dB are used. Signaling processes such as a channel change or PCL change (or a handover to other bands) in particular are susceptible to dropped calls.

Softkey Connection Softkey connect mobile (MTC) 1CM69 14 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. make the call without changing the position of the telephone. It does not matter whether the call is made from the tester as a mobile terminated call (MTC) or the mobile phone as a mobile originated call (MOC). Once synchronization is complete. 13 Setting the attenuation values in the R&S CMU200 Making a call in the GSM 900 band Switch on the mobile phone so that it can synchronize to the simulated base station signal.

14 Call setup in GSM900 on the R&S CMU200 Setting the PCL The telephone is informed of the power change required on the telephone via signaling. 15 PCL setting on the R&S CMU200 1CM69 15 Rohde & Schwarz . The expected output power from the mobile phone should equal 33 dBm after the PCL value is set to 5.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. Softkey BS Signal Softkey PCL Fig.

channel 124 for the high channel). Softkey Overview 1CM69 16 Rohde & Schwarz . 16 PCL setting on the CMU200 Measuring the power of the telephone In GSM. Softkey BS Signal Softkey TCH Level Fig. the average power of the burst signal is referenced in the "useful part" of the ramp as the measured value.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Setting the channel The telephone is also informed of the channel setting via signaling (in this example.

is dependent in turn on each attenuation value ATTdefault set in the test instrument. P out_ref = P meas_x + ATT coupler – ATT default Fig. The displayed measured value. however. we now obtain the following formula that takes into account the previously set default attenuation setting ATTdefault.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. ATT coupler = Pout . The real reference output power of the telephone Pout_ref consists of the power Pmeas_ref measured on the tester and the cable attenuation ATTcable. 18 Determination of the reference power Pout_ref Comparable to the determination of the reference value. we have the following situation when using the antenna coupler: The real output power of the telephone Pout_ref consists of the power Pmeas_x measured on the tester and the attenuation value in the antenna coupler including the cable connected to the antenna coupler ATTcoupler.P meas_x + ATT default Fig. 17 Measurement of the average power of the burst signal Computing the attenuation The reference value (like all power measured values) always refers to the antenna base of the mobile phone. 20 Determination of the uplink attenuation in the antenna coupler 1CM69 17 Rohde & Schwarz . 19 Ratio of the reference power Pout_ref to the coupler attenuation If we assume that the output power of the telephone was previously determined. P out_ref = P meas_ref + ATT cable Fig.

so we recommend that you always proceed in the same manner Softkey Overview Softkey BS Signal Softkey TCH Level 1CM69 18 Rohde & Schwarz . waiting 1. since calls can be dropped due to excessively low receive levels on the telephone. the RXLev value always reflects a level range of only a decibel. and then comparing the RXLev value with the previous measurements. However. One possibility involves decreasing the output power of the TCH signal generator in steps. On the other hand. The only RX measurements such as the bit error rate or the RxQual are then supposed to be performed in this range. However. these low levels are relatively critical in case of an unknown attenuation value. However. in many cases it is desired to have the most precise determination possible for a reference level in the range between I100 dBm and I104 dBm. differences can arise depending on whether the TCH levels are decreased or increased in steps. This means that determination of the attenuation on the downlink is typically much less precise than on the uplink.5 s after each step. The channel setting and call setup are handled as described above unless otherwise specified.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Determination of the coupling loss on the downlink This measurement can be performed immediately after the described determination of the coupling loss on the uplink. Setting the TCH level on the test instrument The level that is set should be the same when determining the reference value and the coupling loss. The telephone should always make the change from one RXLev value to the next lower value at the same place.

we obtain the following formula for determining the coupling loss if in each case a certain output power of the TCH signal generator P TCH is used. ATT coupler = P TCH x . the RXLev value represents a constant. 23 1CM69 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler 19 Rohde & Schwarz .RXLev x + ATT default Fig. In this case. ATT coupler = RXLev ref . the determination is handled in an indirect manner using the currently set TCH levels. 22 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler In the method in which the levels are suitably adapted until a change in the RXLev value is detected. 21 Setting the TCH level and measurement of the RX level Computation of the attenuation Without the step-by-step decrease in the TCH level.P TCH ref + ATT default Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.

the coupling loss is determined for the GSM 900 band. We must create a sequence containing the following elements: • Basic Initializing • GSM Call Setup • GSM Find Attenuation Fig. During call setup.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Procedure in R&S CMUgo in GSM A simple test sequence for a GSM band Once the reference position has been manually determined. as long as the attenuation is known only approximately. more frequent (undesired) dropped calls would occur otherwise. the TAC dependent attenuation value setting should not be activated in the main program. R&S CMUgo can be used to easily determine the coupling loss values. 1CM69 20 Rohde & Schwarz . These attenuation values can also be entered simultaneously in the "GSM Find Attenuation Configuration" dialog as starting values. As part of the determination. The reference level for determining the output attenuation is originally set to I75 dBm. EGSM" checkbox. attenuation values between 5 dB and 10 dB should be used. This contradicts to some extent the typical output levels of the radio communication tester for the bit error rate measurement which is typically performed at I102 dBm. However. Depending on the desired reference channel for GSM 900. 24 A simple example sequence In this simplified example sequence. you might need to enable the "incl.

the channel numbers are duplicated.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. However. it must be capable of properly evaluating the band indicator. 25 Configuration of the "GSM Find Attenuation" test item A test sequence for a GSM quadband telephone This test can be extended using handover to other bands depending on the mobile phone's capabilities in order to also determine the coupling loss there. there are some telephones in which changing from one band to any other band is not always possible. A sequence for determining the coupling loss of a GSM quadband telephone might look as follows: 1CM69 • Basic Initializing • GSM Call Setup • GSM Find Attenuation • GSM Find Attenuation • GSM Set Band Indicator • GSM Find Attenuation • GSM Find Attenuation • Tune Find Attenuation 21 Rohde & Schwarz . This is due to the fact that in the GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 bands. Changing to the GSM 1900 band is not supported in many cases. only individual bands can be determined one after another at any time. For the telephone to be able to properly assign the channel number. for example. However.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. The change to the GSM 850 band involves the aid of the "GSM Set Band Indicator" test item. 1CM69 22 Rohde & Schwarz . This causes future channel indications for channel numbers between 512 and 810 to be interpreted as GSM 1900 channels. followed by the GSM 1800 band. the band indicator is also set to GSM 1900 subsequently. 26 GSM quadband sequence for determining the coupling loss Call setup occurs in the GSM 900 band and the first determination of the coupling loss also occurs here. Besides the handover from GSM 1800 to GSM 850.

It will be discussed later in greater detail. 27 Setting the band indicator Next. The entries below this cover the reference level for the output power measurement on the mobile phone and the specified output reference level of the R&S CMU200 radio communication tester.INI" file While the "GSM Find Attenuation" test item is running. 1CM69 23 Rohde & Schwarz . the coupling losses are determined in the GSM 850 band.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.INI". Finally. The coupling loss values that were determined for the low. the coupling losses are determined in the GSM 1900 band. A section is generated which contains the complete IMEI of the reference telephone in brackets. The GSM entries in the "Attenuation. This can take more than a second and therefore cannot take place directly for the change of band. This also leaves enough time for the telephone to recognize the newly set band indicator. middle and high reference channel in the respective band are also saved. The "Tune Find Attenuation" test item is included here only for the sake of completeness. the results are saved in a file called "Attenuation.

28 Entries in the "Attenuation. the database still needs to be updated.0 dBm.06 GSM900_M_OUT=23.30 GSM900_TX_REFERENCE_POWER=33.70 GSM900_M_IN=7. Upon reaching the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step. the input fields remain inactive. In the example shown here.28 GSM900_L_OUT=14.1 dBm for the low reference channel. it must also contain a call setup to the appropriate telephone in which the IMEI of the mobile phone is determined. but will probably be lower. In our example. the output level of the mobile phone in the GSM 900 band was at 32. However. In the first inactive input field. compensation can also be performed for the "MS RX Reference". the RXLev should now be indicated which was determined in the wired measurement. for example. In addition. middle and high reference channel.10 GSM900_H_IN=8. In the input fields associated with the low. the exact levels determined using a wired configuration can be specified for the low. The "Tune Attenuation" test item is used for this purpose. However. the associated RXLev value is shown (it is equal to 8 in the example). This helps to avoid mixups.INI" file The "Tune Find Attenuation" test item Once all of the coupling losses have been determined. middle and high frequency range. Next.00 GSM900_RX_REFERENCE_BSLEVEL=-75. the reference level for the wired measurement should be indicated. In the second middle field. Comparable to determination of the "MS Reference Power". it was equal to I102 dBm for GSM 900. the reference level is displayed for the determination of the coupling loss.00 Fig. This step can be performed independently of the determination of the attenuation values in a separate sequence.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers [12345678-123456-8] GSM900_L_IN=7. there are cases where the reference level used in the wired measurement does not correspond to that used on the coupler. the output levels for the golden phone for PCL 5 in GSM 900 are not always exactly at 33. 1CM69 24 Rohde & Schwarz . Accordingly. a dialog appears in which the reference levels during determination of the coupling loss are displayed the first time.18 GSM900_H_OUT=22. For bands that have not yet been measured.

1CM69 25 Rohde & Schwarz . you can open the dialog for editing the "TAC Dependent" attenuation values. the name of the image files and other similar details. you can now specify the missing values for the reference position.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. Alternatively. Extending the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" database Using the "Update" button. 29 Dialog input for the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step Once all of the compensation values have been entered. click the "Update" button. you can cancel the process using the "Skip" button. In this dialog.

00 GSM900_L_MSRXREF=8. the "Attenuation. 30 Dialog for adding a telephone to the database Once the entries are complete.10 GSM900_M_MSPOWERREF=32. The S/N ratio in turn limits the ability to transmit data. The values you entered previously will be displayed.00 GSM900_H_MSRXREF=8.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.00 GSM900_M_MSRXREF=8. Using the "Tune Find Attenuation" test item. 31 Additional entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file was also extended to include additional entries.50 Fig. Our objective is to control the output power of a mobile phone so that the levels of all of the telephones present in the cell are the same at the base station 1CM69 26 Rohde & Schwarz . how the output power of a mobile phone is controlled has a substantial influence on the channel capacity that can be achieved in the radio cell.00 GSM900_L_MSPOWERREF=32. Each mobile phone basically interferes with the other subscribers in the cell by increasing the noise level. click the "Update" button and the data will be updated in the database. 5 Determination of the Coupling Loss in WCDMA Basic principles of the WCDMA network standard In CDMA technologies.40 GSM900_H_MSPOWERREF=32. [12345678-123456-8] GSM900_RX_REFERENCE_BSLEVEL_GOLDENDEVICE=-102.INI" file It is no longer necessary to enter the reference values during a new test run.

the initial power of the DPCCH is determined from a signaled parameter (DPCCH power offset) and the received power (P-CPICH received) on the primary pilot channel. This path loss is based on the ratio of the received power (P-CPICH received) and the power transmitted by the base station (P-CPICH reported) on the primary pilot channel. the power of the first preamble transmitted by the telephone is basically determined by the path loss on the downlink. In other words. Power control consists of two different components: open loop power control and closed loop power control.g.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers ("node B"). the higher the output power of the phone should be set. it is also signaled. To keep the UE informed about the power transmitted by the base station (node B). error-free data transmission is just possible. 32 Preamble power computation in WCDMA Besides the two quantities "uplink interference" and "constant value" that are signaled by the base station. the subscriber is located far from the base station. the mobile phone needs to transmit with a higher output power level in order to compensate for the path loss on the uplink. In WCDMA. Open loop power control Open loop power control is based on the principle that the lower the receive level is on the telephone. 33 Open-loop power computation for the DPCCH in WCDMA Note. If a "0" is transmitted. In TPC algorithm 1. Closed loop power control is used then. On the other hand. Depending on the particular power control algorithm. P DPCCH = DPCCH power offset – P-CPICH received Fig. If a "1" is transmitted. Closed loop power control In the downlink signal. this rule is applied during the registration process for the UE. Based on the simple assumption that the path losses on the uplink and downlink are equal. the TPC information is translated into transmit power control commands. In a second rule. A low receive level is expected when the path losses on the downlink are high because e. which is described in the next section. It is not used during the actual call. P preamble = UL Interference + Constant Value + P-CPICH reported – P-CPICH received Fig. however. The base station (node B) signals to the telephone whether to use steps of one or two decibels. the starting level of the preamble of the mobile phone (UE) is described in the standard TS 25. Overall. there is a one-to-one correspondence between a TPC and a transmit power control command. the power level of the output signal on the mobile phone is increased by one or two decibels. transmit power control (TPC) information is transmitted for each slot cyclically 1500 times per second. 1CM69 27 Rohde & Schwarz . errors in transmission are accepted as long as they can be corrected using forward error correction (FEC).331. that open loop control is used in WCDMA only during the registration process for the mobile phone and during the call setup. the level of the mobile phones ("UEs") should be set low enough so that once error correction is performed. the power level of the output signal on the mobile phone is decreased by one or two decibels.

Pathloss: received) Path loss on the downlink (P-CPICH reported – P-CPICH For the adjacent cell. This indicator has a range of 1 dB. CPICH RSCP: Indicator for the receive level of the CPICH code channel. 1CM69 28 Rohde & Schwarz . If a "00000" sequence is transmitted. GSM BSIC: Identification code for the base station in the GSM adjacent cell. Log 10(TCH BLER): Prediction of the expected (TCH) block error rate (BLER). the power level of the output signal on the mobile phone is decreased by one decibel.5 dB. 64 intervals are available. however.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers In TPC algorithm 2. This value is displayed in steps of 0. The lowest range that can be displayed is between I114 dBm and I115 dBm while the highest range is between I25 dBm and I26 dBm. The maximum value of 0 indicates a block error rate of 100%. the output signal is not changed. the following measured values are also returned in addition to some of the parameters listed above. five TPCs are combined to form a transmit power control command. UTRA Carrier RSSI: Broadband receive power including the thermal noise and the noise generated in the receiver. exactly three transmit power control commands are transmitted in a frame. The beginning of a sequence of TPCs is synchronized with the frame. CPICH Ec/No: Ratio of the power for a received PN chip in the CPICH to the total received power density on the UE's antenna. In compressed mode. the power level of the output signal on the mobile phone is increased by one decibel. The following measured values are returned for the radio channel for the telephone's own cell. CFN designates the frame number of the own cell. The measurement report Measurement reports from the mobile phone are intended to make it easier for the network to make decisions about when to initiate a handover to another base station for further communication via that base station. SFN-CFN Time Difference: Time difference measured in the unit of chips between the system frame number (SFN) and the connection frame number. transmission is briefly interrupted so the telephone can measure its own radio channel and the adjacent channels during the interruption.e. which would leave no time to measure adjacent channels if a "compressed mode" was not used. For any other combination. i. If a "11111" sequence is transmitted. while SFN refers to the frame number of the adjacent cell. UE RX/TX Time: Time difference between the UE uplink DPCCH/DPDCH frame and the start of the downlink DPCH frame. GSM Carrier RSSI: Indicator for the receive level of the BCCH for the adjacent cell. Unlike GSM. respectively). Levels above and below this are indicated by the limit values (I25 dBm and I115 dBm. constant signal transmission occurs in WCDMA. Transmitted UE Power: Indicator for the output power of the UE.

5 1972. 2167.5 2117.4 MHz 2167.5 2147. 38 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IV Band Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Band IV Channel 1887 1912 1937 1962 1987 2012 2037 2062 2087 Frequency (MHz) 2112.5 1957.4 MHz 1807.5 1952. 36 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band II Band Band III Band III Channel 1162 1163 Frequency 1807. 37 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band III Band Band IV Band IV Channel 1537 1538 Frequency 2112.5 1962. These special channels are indicated in light blue in the following tables... 1877. 35 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band II Band Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Band II Channel 412 437 462 487 512 537 562 587 612 637 662 687 Frequency (MHz) 1932. The standard channel spacing is equal to 200 kHz.5 1937...6 MHz Fig.4 MHz 2112..5 1967.5 Fig...6 MHz Band I Band I .4 MHz 1987. 2152.4 MHz 2112.6 MHz Band IV Band IV . 1512 1513 .6 MHz Band III Band III ..5 1982.4 MHz 1877. In some bands..6 MHz Fig.6 MHz Fig. 9937 9938 .5 1942. 10837 10838 ..5 2142.5 2127. 1737 1738 .5 1977.5 2152.. 34 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band I Band Band II Band II Channel 9662 9663 Frequency 1932.. besides these channels there are also other channels that do not comply with this channel spacing.5 1987.6 MHz Fig.5 Fig.4 MHz 1932.5 2122.5 2132.6 MHz Band II Band II .4 MHz 2152.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Procedure in the WCDMA network standard Determination of the reference channels R&S CMUgo supports WCDMA bands I to IX. 39 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IV 1CM69 29 Rohde & Schwarz . 1987.. Band Band I Band I Channel 10562 10563 Frequency 2112..5 2137..5 1947..

4 MHz Fig. 45 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band Band Band VIII Band VIII Channel 2937 2938 Frequency 927. 4457 4458 ... 882.2 MHz 1877.6 MHz Fig.6 MHz Band VIII Band VIII .. 43 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VII Band Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Channel 2587 2612 2637 2662 2687 2712 2737 Frequency (MHz) 2622.4 MHz 2622. 3087 3088 . 1877.5 MHz 877.6 MHz Band IX Band IX .6 MHz Fig. 957.5 MHz Fig.5 2667.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band Band V Band V Channel 4357 4358 Frequency 871.4 MHz 877.. 46 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VIII Band Band IX Band IX Channel 9237 9238 Frequency 1847..5 Fig.5 2672.. 2687...4 MHz 957.5 2647. 40 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band V Band Band V Band V Band V Band V Band V Band V Channel 1007 1012 1032 1037 1062 1087 Frequency 871.. 891.6 MHz Fig..4 MHz 882.5 2637..5 MHz 876.4 MHz 2687..4 MHz 871.5 MHz 877..4 MHz 891..4 MHz 1847.. 41 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band V Band Band VI Band VI Band VI Band VI Channel 1037 1062 4387 4388 Frequency 877..5 2677.6 MHz Band V Band V .5 2682. 42 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VI Band Band VII Band VII Channel 2237 2238 Frequency 2622. 44 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VII Band Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Band VII Channel 2762 2787 2812 2837 2862 2887 2912 Frequency (MHz) 2657.5 MHz 887.6 MHz Fig. 47 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IX 1CM69 30 Rohde & Schwarz ..5 2632. 9386 9387 .5 2642..5 2687.4 MHz 927. 4412 4413 .5 2627.6 MHz Band VI Band VI .5 2662.6 MHz Band VII Band VII .5 MHz 872.5 Fig.5 MHz 882. 2562 2563 .5 MHz 882..5 2652..

low channel 1537 to 1603 / 1887 to 1937 1887 Band IV. low channel 1007 to 1037 / 4357 to 4390 4357 Band V.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The following table shows the channel assignment used in R&S CMUgo. mid channel 9288 to 9337 9312 Band IX. 48 Reference channels and frequency assignment in WCDMA Determination of the coupling loss on the uplink Based on the example of the high channel in WCDMA band I. mid channel 512 to 587 / 9754 to 9845 9800 Band II. proceed as follows: 1CM69 31 Rohde & Schwarz . mid channel 1279 to 1395 1337 Band III. mid channel 1604 to 1670 / 1962 to 2012 1987 Band IV. low channel 2237 to 2346 / 2587 to 2687 2237 Band VII. low channel 1037 / 4387 to 4399 4387 Band VI. low channel 412 to 487 / 9662 to 9753 9662 Band II. high channel 9338 to 9387 9387 Fig. mid channel 10654 to 10745 10700 Band I. mid channel 2988 to 3037 3013 Band VIII. high channel 1396 to 1513 1513 Band IV. Band and range Channels Reference channel Band I. mid channel 1062 / 4391 to 4423 4407 Band V. low channel 10562 to 10653 10562 Band I. high channel 1671 to 1738 / 2037 to 2087 2087 Band V. high channel 2456 to 2563 / 2812 to 2912 2563 Band VIII. high channel 612 to 687 / 9846 to 9938 9938 Band III. low channel 9237 to 9287 9237 Band IX. low channel 2937 to 2987 2937 Band VIII. high channel 1087 / 4424 to 4458 4458 Band VI. low channel 1162 to 1278 1162 Band III. The table also specifies a channel for determining the coupling loss. high channel 10746 to 10838 10838 Band II. mid channel 2347 to 2455 / 2712 to 2787 2400 Band VII. high channel 3038 to 3088 3088 Band IX. high channel 1062 / 4400 to 4413 4413 Band VII.

Resetting the R&S CMU200 You should reset the functional groups that are used in order to prevent any instrument settings that are not explicitly set from having an influence on the measurement results. Setting the channel The channel setting is also communicated to the telephone via signaling. However. no further action is required on the telephone. the call must be set up by the R&S CMU200. Downlink Softkey RF Chn. the accuracy of the entire process is highly dependent on the repeatability of the positioning. Setting up an RMC connection The mobile phone must be powered on and register first. Since this is an RMC call. Uplink Softkey Connection Softkey Connect UE CS 1CM69 32 Rohde & Schwarz . Signaling processes such as a channel change or handover to other bands in particular are susceptible to dropped calls. Setting the approximate attenuation values In R&S CMUgo. default values of 10 dB are used.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Attachment of the telephone in the reference position in the antenna coupler In general. Then. This is intended to prevent overdriving or underdriving the R&S CMU200. this makes it impossible to make or keep a call. Softkey Connection Softkey RF Chn.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. different output power levels should be expected. In the default setting. the TPC bits are automatically set in this test menu so that the mobile phone attains the maximum output power. Depending on the power class of the telephone. 49 Call setup in WCDMA band I on the R&S CMU200 Measuring the maximum power of the telephone Switch to the "Max. Power" menu. Mobile phones typically fall into either power class 4 with a maximum power level of 21 dBm or power class 3 with a maximum power level of 24 dBm. Softkey Power Softkey Application Softkey Maximum Power 1CM69 33 Rohde & Schwarz .

You can see the system information in the second view in the "Connection" menu. 50 Call setup in WCDMA band I on the R&S CMU200 Verification of the power class of the telephone Use the "Connect Control" softkey to switch to the "Settings" menu. You can switch between the first and second views by clicking the softkey repeatedly.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. Softkey Connect Control Softkey Connection RF Parameters/Power Class 1CM69 34 Rohde & Schwarz .

we have the following situation when using the antenna coupler: The real output power of the telephone Pmax_ref consists of the power Pmeas_x measured on the tester and the attenuation value in the antenna coupler including the cable connected to the antenna coupler ATTcoupler. 53 Ratio of the reference power Pmax_ref to the coupler attenuation If we assume that the output power of the telephone was previously determined. 54 Determination of the uplink attenuation in the antenna coupler Determination of the coupling loss on the downlink This measurement can be performed immediately after the described determination of the coupling attenuation on the uplink. The displayed measured value. we now obtain the following formula that also takes into account the previously set default attenuation setting ATTdefault. P max_ref = P meas_ref + ATT cable Fig. ATT coupler = Pmax_ref – P max_x + ATT default Fig. P max ref = P max_x + ATT coupler – ATT default Fig. The real output power of the telephone Pmax_ref consists of the power Pmeas_ref measured on the tester and the cable attenuation ATTcable. however. 51 Verification of the power class of the UE on the R&S CMU200 Computation of the attenuation The reference value (like all power measured values) always refers to the antenna base of the mobile phone. 52 Determination of the reference power Pmax_ref Comparable to the determination of the reference value.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. The channel 1CM69 35 Rohde & Schwarz . is dependent in turn on the attenuation value ATTdefault set in the test instrument.

In the default setting of the R&S CMU200.7 dBm for which the bit error rate is measured by default. This corresponds to a level of I110 dBm for the CPICH. it is desirable to measure a reference level as accurately as possible for a total level of I106. Setting the CPICH level on the test instrument The level indications in the measurement report always refer to the pilot signal. It is important to remember that the signal level for the CPICH is naturally below the total power level. One possibility involves decreasing the output power of the TCH signal generator in steps. However.3 dB below the total level. so we recommend that you always proceed in the same manner. the CPICH level is I3. 1CM69 36 Rohde & Schwarz . the measurement report always reflects a level range for the CPICH signal of only a decibel. The telephone should always make the change from one measurement report value to the next lower value at the same place. since calls can be dropped due to excessively low receive levels on the telephone. In many cases. On the other hand.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers setting and call setup are handled as described above unless otherwise specified. since it is only one of the components of the total signal. differences can arise depending on whether the RF levels of the base station are decreased or increased in steps. these low levels are relatively critical in case of an unknown attenuation value. waiting a little bit after each step. The level that is set should be the same when determining the reference value and the coupling loss. However. This means that determination of the attenuation on the downlink is typically much less precise than on the uplink. however. and then comparing the measurement report for the CPICH level with the previous measurements.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Softkey Receiver Quality Softkey Application Softkey UE Report Softkey BS Signal Level / P-CPICH Fig. 55 Setting the CPICH level and measurement of the CPICH RSCP level on the R&S CMU200 Computation of the attenuation Without taking into account this step-by-step decrease in the RF level of the base station. the determination is handled in an indirect manner using the currently set levels for the code channel 1CM69 37 Rohde & Schwarz . 56 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler In the method in which the levels are suitably adapted until a change in the RXLev value is detected. we obtain the following formula for determination of the coupling loss if a certain power level for the signal generator is used in each case for the code channel CPICH (P-CPICH received). ATT coupler = P-CPICH received_ref – P-CPICH received_x + ATT default Fig.

the coupling loss is determined for WCDMA band I. As part of the determination. These attenuation values can also be entered simultaneously in the "WCDMA Find Attenuation Configuration" dialog as starting values. In this case. 57 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler Procedure in R&S CMUgo in WCDMA A simple test sequence for a WCDMA band Once the reference position has been manually determined. attenuation values around 10 dB should be used. ATT coupler = P CPICH x . the TAC dependent attenuation value setting should not be activated in the main program. R&S CMUgo can be used to easily determine the coupling loss values. We must create a sequence containing the following elements: • Basic Initializing • WCDMA Call Setup • WCDMA Find Attenuation Fig. the value in the measurement report (P-CPICH received) represents a constant. 58 A simple example sequence In this simplified example sequence.P CPICH ref + ATT default Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers CPICH. During call setup. 1CM69 38 Rohde & Schwarz .

59 Configuration of the "WCDMA Find Attenuation" test item The reference level for determining the output attenuation is originally set to I53. as long as the attenuation is known only approximately. The entries below this cover the reference level for the output power measurement on the mobile phone and the 1CM69 39 Rohde & Schwarz . and the relative level of the PCPICH. more frequent (undesired) dropped calls would occur otherwise. The P-CPICH is used as a reference channel in indicating the signal input level measured by the mobile phone. The WCDMA entries in the "Attenuation. meaning the total level of all of the code channels.INI" file While the "WCDMA Find Attenuation" test item is running. This value consists of the output level from the R&S CMU200 radio communication tester. A section is generated which contains the complete IMEI of the telephone in brackets. However. the results are saved in the "Attenuation.9 dBm for the P-CPICH. The indicated level contradicts to some extent the typical output levels of the radio communication tester for the bit error rate measurement which is typically performed at I110 dBm for the C-CPICH.INI" file (as was the case with GSM).Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.

This step can be performed independently of the determination of the attenuation values in a separate sequence.INI" file The "Tune Find Attenuation" test item Once all of the coupling losses have been determined.45 WCDMA1_H_OUT=20. it must also contain a call setup to the appropriate telephone in which the IMEI of the mobile phone is determined. the reference level for the wired measurement should be indicated. In addition. the output levels for the golden phone are not always exactly at 24. In the first dimmed input field.30 WCDMA1_TX_REFERENCE_POWER=24. Next.0 dBm for the maximum output power.2 dBm for the low reference channel. there are cases where the reference level used in the wired measurement does not correspond to that used on the coupler. Comparable to determination of the "MS Reference Power". However.35 WCDMA1_M_OUT=17. In the example shown here. a dialog appears in which the reference levels during determination of the coupling loss are displayed the first time. the exact levels determined using a wired configuration can be specified for the low.70 WCDMA1_L_OUT=16.60 WCDMA1_H_IN=13. The "Tune Attenuation" test item is used for this purpose. In our example. In the second middle field.00 WCDMA1_RX_REFERENCE_CPICHLEVEL=-53. the reference level is displayed for the determination of the coupling loss.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers specified output reference level of the R&S CMU200 radio communication tester.90 Fig. For bands that have not yet been measured. the database still needs to be updated. [12345678-123456-8] WCDMA1_L_IN=10. 60 Entries in the "Attenuation. middle and high reference channel. Upon reaching the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step.00 WCDMA1_M_IN=11. the maximum output level of the mobile phone in WCDMA band I was at 23. middle and high reference channel in the respective band are also saved. the "Reported CPICH" value should now be indicated which was determined during the wired measurement. it was equal to I110 dBm for WCDMA band I. middle and high frequency range. but will probably be lower. However. The coupling loss values that were determined for the low. for example. Accordingly. In the input fields associated with the low. the associated "Reported CPICH" value is shown (it is equal to I110 in the example). the input fields remain inactive. 1CM69 40 Rohde & Schwarz . This helps to avoid mixups. compensation can also be performed for the "MS RX Reference".

1CM69 41 Rohde & Schwarz . Extending the "TAC dependent attenuation" database Using the "Update" button. click the "Update" button. Alternatively. you can cancel the process by clicking "Skip". the name of the image files and other similar details. 61 Dialog input for the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step Once all of the compensation values have been entered. In this dialog.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. you can open the dialog for editing the "TAC dependent" attenuation values. you can now specify the missing values for the reference position.

70 WCDMA1_RX_REFERENCE_CPICHLEVEL_GOLDENDEVICE=-110. 6 Determination of the Coupling Loss in CDMA2000 Basic principles of the CDMA2000 network standard In CDMA technologies. Using the "Tune Find Attenuation" menu item. the "Attenuation. Each mobile phone basically interferes with the other subscribers in the cell by increasing the noise level. how the output power of a mobile phone is controlled has a substantial influence on the channel capacity that can be achieved in the radio cell.50 WCDMA1_H_MSPOWERREF=23.00 Fig. click the "Update" button and the data will be updated in the database. The S/N ratio in turn limits the ability to transmit data.00 WCDMA1_L_MSPOWERREF=23. 62 Dialog for adding a telephone to the database Once the entries are complete. On 1CM69 42 Rohde & Schwarz . [12345678-123456-8] WCDMA1_L_MSRXREF=-110.00 WCDMA1_M_MSRXREF=-110. The values you entered previously will be displayed.20 WCDMA1_M_MSPOWERREF=23. 63 Additional entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file was also extended.INI" file It is no longer necessary to enter the reference values during a new test run.00 WCDMA1_H_MSRXREF=-110. Our objective is to control the output power of a mobile phone so that the levels of all of the telephones present in the cell are the same at the base station.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.

the mobile phone needs to transmit with a higher output power level in order to compensate for the path loss on the reverse link.97 MHz Fig. the higher the output power of the phone should be set.04 MHz Reverse link 815. closed loop control is used for fine adjustment of the output power. the output power of the telephone is determined not only during the registration process by the open loop control.g. The entire control range for the closed loop is equal to at least ±24 dB compared to open loop control. During the call.97 MHz 814.03 MHz 848.03 MHz 893. errors in transmission are accepted as long as they can be corrected using forward error correction (FEC).00 MHz . The channel spacing is equal to 30 kHz for band class 0 and the duplex spacing is equal to 45 MHz.. 1CM69 43 Rohde & Schwarz . The assignment of channels to frequencies is divided into three sections. A low receive level is expected when the path losses on the forward link are high because e. Instead. The respective frequencies of the reverse link are 45 MHz below that of the forward link. Power control consists of two different components: open loop power control and closed loop power control.01 MHz .. the level of the mobile phones should be set low enough so that once error correction is performed. 824. the subscriber is located far from the base station.. 869. In other words.. These bits allow the base station to increase or decrease the output level of the telephone by a decibel.04 MHz Class 0 Class 0 . Band Class 0 Class 0 Class 0 Class 0 Channel 1024 1323 Forward link 860..00 MHz . 991 1023 .. 64 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 0 Band class 1 refers to the North American PCS band..01 MHz . The table shows the frequencies of the forward link.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers the other hand.. error-free data transmission is still just possible.04 MHz 870. The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 0 and the duplex spacing is equal to 80 MHz. Based on the simple assumption that the path losses on the reverse link and forward link are equal.. it is also determined during the call.. In CDMA2000. Procedure in the CDMA2000 network standard Determination of the reference channels R&S CMUgo supports CDMA2000 band classes 1 to 10.04 MHz 825. power control bits (PCBs) are transmitted for each slot cyclically 1500 times per second.. Closed loop power control In the forward link signal. 825. 1 799 859. 870. Open loop power control Open loop power control is based on the principle that the lower the receive level is on the telephone. Band class 0 designates the US cellular band and the Korean cellular band..

Band Class 3 Class 3 Channel 1041 1199 Forward link Reverse link 832.0125 MHz 887. Class 3 Class 3 801 1039 843. Unlike the band classes we have seen so far.. The channel spacing is equal to 25 kHz for band class 2 and the duplex spacing is equal to 45 MHz. The assignment of channels to frequencies is divided into two sections.9875 MHz .9875 MHz 914.0125 MHz 934... ...0125 MHz 843..5 kHz for band class 3 and the duplex spacing is equal to 55 MHz.9625 MHz 872. .. Class 2 Class 2 999 1000 959.. . The assignment of channels to frequencies is divided into four sections.0000 MHz ....95 MHz Fig.00 MHz 1850. 1198 1199 Forward link 1930.. Class 3 Class 3 1 799 860..9875 MHz 889.0125 MHz 872.. .95 MHz Reverse link 1850. 67 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 3 Band class 4 refers to the Korean PCS band.0125 MHz 869.00 MHz 1930....9875 MHz 890. .9875 MHz 924.9875 MHz 888.. Class 3 Class 3 1201 1600 838.. the frequencies of the reverse link are above the frequencies of the forward link. .0125 MHz 833.9875 MHz Fig.0000 MHz 898..9875 MHz Fig...0125 MHz 889... The channel spacing is equal to 12. Class 2 Class 2 0 1 934.9625 MHz .. .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band Class 1 Class 1 Class 1 Class 1 Channel 0 1 . Band Class 2 Class 2 Channel 1329 2047 Forward link Reverse link 917.9625 MHz 914.0125 MHz 845.0125 MHz . . 1909. 65 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 1 Band class 2 designates the TACS band. 1989. The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 4 and the duplex spacing is equal to 90 MHz.90 MHz 1909. 1CM69 44 Rohde & Schwarz .0125 MHz 898..05 MHz .. .9625 MHz 959...90 MHz 1989.0125 MHz 915... 66 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 2 Band class 3 designates the JTACS band..9875 MHz 935... .9875 MHz .0125 MHz 893.05 MHz ...

Band Class 5 Class 5 Channel 1039 1473 Forward link Reverse link 461.4800 MHz 483....9750 MHz 459..9900 MHz .0000 MHz 493. Class 5 Class 5 1536 1715 489. 70 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 5 (part 2) Band class 6 corresponds to the IMT-2000 band. while the duplex spacing is also equal to 10 MHz..05 MHz Forward link Reverse link .00 MHz 1840. ..0000 MHz 479. 1979. .. .. Band Class 5 Class 5 Channel 1 400 Forward link Reverse link 460.0000 MHz 450... .0000 MHz 479.9750 MHz ...90 MHz 1979.3100 MHz 469.4750 MHz 483.95 MHz Reverse link 1920.05 MHz .0000 MHz 429. The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 6 and the duplex spacing is equal to 190 MHz.. while the duplex spacing is equal to 10 MHz. Class 5 Class 5 1792 2016 489.00 MHz 1920....00 MHz 1750. ...00 MHz 2110.95 MHz Fig. 69 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 5 (part 1) The channel spacing for the remaining channel numbers 1039 to 1473 and 1792 to 2006 is equal to 20 kHz. 472 to 871 and 1536 to 1715 is equal to 25 kHz...9900 MHz 459.05 MHz . The channel spacing for channel numbers 1 to 400..95 MHz Fig.05 MHz 1750.3100 MHz 451. The assignment of channels to frequencies is divided into a total of five sections in band class 5. .. 2169.. Band Class 6 Class 6 Class 6 Class 6 Channel 0 1 ..90 MHz 1779..90 MHz 2169. 1198 1199 Forward link 2110. 68 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 4 Band class 5 is also referred to as the NMT-450 band.9750 MHz 419.9750 MHz ..0000 MHz 410. .. Class 5 Class 5 472 871 420.95 MHz 1779.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band Class 4 Class 4 Channel 0 1 1840.0000 MHz 493.90 MHz 1869.0000 MHz 469.. 71 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 6 1CM69 45 Rohde & Schwarz . .4800 MHz Fig. Class 4 Class 4 598 599 1869...4750 MHz Fig.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers
Band class 7 designates the North American 700 MHz cellular band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 7 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 30 MHz.
Band

Class 7

Class 7

Class 7

Class 7

Channel

0

1

...

358

359

Forward link

746.00 MHz

746.05 MHz

...

763.90 MHz

763.95 MHz

Reverse link

776.00 MHz

776.05 MHz

...

793.90 MHz

793.95 MHz

Fig. 72 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 7
Band class 8 is referred to simply as the 1800 MHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 8 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 95 MHz.

Band

Class 8

Class 8

Class 8

Class 8

Channel

0

1

...

1498

1499

Forward link

1805.00 MHz

1805.05 MHz

...

1879.90 MHz

1879.95 MHz

Reverse link

1710.00 MHz

1710.05 MHz

...

1784.90 MHz

1784.95 MHz

Fig. 73 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 8
Band class 9 designates the 900 MHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 9 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 45 MHz.
Band

Class 9

Class 9

Class 9

Class 9

Channel

0

1

...

698

699

Forward link

925.00 MHz

925.05 MHz

...

959.90 MHz

959.95 MHz

Reverse link

880.00 MHz

880.05 MHz

...

914.90 MHz

914.95 MHz

Fig. 74 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 9
Band class 10 is also referred to as the secondary 800 MHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 10. The duplex
spacing is equal to 45 MHz for channels 0 to 719 and the duplex
spacing is equal to 39 MHz for channels 720 to 919. The assignment
of channels to frequencies is divided into two sections.

1CM69

46

Rohde & Schwarz

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers
Band

Class 10

Class 10

Class 10

Class 10

Channel

0

719

...

720

919

Forward link

851.000 MHz

868.975 MHz

...

935.000 MHz

939.975 MHz

Reverse link

806.000 MHz

823.975 MHz

...

896.000 MHz

900.975 MHz

Fig. 75 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 10
Band class 11 is also known as the European 400 MHz PAMR band.
The assignment of channels to frequencies is divided into a total of
three sections in band class 5.
The channel spacing for channel numbers 1 to 400, 472 to 871 and
1536 to 1715 is equal to 25 kHz, while the duplex spacing is equal to
10 MHz. Channels in band class 11 represent a subset of band class
5.
Band

Class 11

Class 11

Channel

1

400

Forward
link
Reverse
link

460.0000
MHz
450.0000
MHz

469.9750
MHz
459.9750
MHz

...
...
...

Class 11

Class 11

472

871

420.0000
MHz
410.0000
MHz

429.9750
MHz
419.9750
MHz

...
...
...

Class 11

Class 11

1536

1715

489.0000
MHz
479.0000
MHz

493.4750
MHz
483.4750
MHz

Fig. 76 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 11
Band class 12 is also known as the 800 MHz PAMR band.
The channel spacing is equal to 25 kHz for band class 12 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 45 MHz.

Band

Class 12

Class 12

Class 12

Class 12

Channel

0

1

...

238

239

Forward link

915.0125 MHz

915.0375 MHz

...

920.9625 MHz

920.9875 MHz

Reverse link

870.0125 MHz

870.0375 MHz

...

875.9625 MHz

875.9875 MHz

Fig. 77 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 12
Band class 13 corresponds to the IMT-2000 2.5 GHz extension.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 13 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 120 MHz.
Band

Class 13

Class 13

Class 13

Class 13

Channel

0

1

...

1398

1399

Forward link

2620.00 MHz

2620.05 MHz

...

2689.45 MHz

2689.50 MHz

Reverse link

2500.00 MHz

2500.05 MHz

...

2569.45 MHz

2569.50 MHz

Fig. 78 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 13
1CM69

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Rohde & Schwarz

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers

Band class 14 is known as the US PCS 1900 MHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 14 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 80 MHz.
Band

Class 14

Class 14

Class 14

Class 14

Channel

0

1

...

1298

1299

Forward link

1930.00 MHz

1930.05 MHz

...

1994.90 MHz

1994.95 MHz

Reverse link

1850.00 MHz

1850.05 MHz

...

1914.90 MHz

1914.95 MHz

Fig. 79 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 14
Band class 15 designates the AWS MHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 15 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 400 MHz.
Band

Class 15

Class 15

Class 15

Class 15

Channel

0

1

...

898

899

Forward link

2110.00 MHz

2110.05 MHz

...

2154.90 MHz

2154.95 MHz

Reverse link

1710.00 MHz

1710.05 MHz

...

1754.90 MHz

1754.95 MHz

Fig. 80 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 15
Band class 16 corresponds to the US 2.5 GHz band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 16 and the
duplex spacing is equal to 158 MHz.
Band

Class 16

Class 16

Class 16

Class 16

Channel

140

141

...

1458

1459

Forward link

2624.00 MHz

2624.05 MHz

...

2689.90 MHz

2689.95 MHz

Reverse link

2502.00 MHz

2502.05 MHz

...

2567.90 MHz

2567.95 MHz

Fig. 81 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 16
Band class 17 designates the US 2.5 GHz Forward Link Only Band.
The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz for band class 16. The
channels correspond to band class 16.
Band

Class 17

Class 17

Channel

140

141

Forward link

2624.00 MHz

2624.05 MHz

Class 17

Class 17

...

1458

1459

...

2689.90 MHz

2689.95 MHz

Fig. 82 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band
class 17

1CM69

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Rohde & Schwarz

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers There is also the US PSB band which currently does not have a clear band class designation. The duplex spacing is equal to a 30 MHz.00 MHz Fig. Band US PSB US PSB US PSB US PSB Channel 0 1 . The channel spacing is equal to 50 kHz.95 MHz 772. 771.95 MHz 802. 1CM69 49 Rohde & Schwarz .00 MHz 772.05 MHz . 83 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 18 The following tables show the channel assignment used in R&S CMUgo..00 MHz Reverse link 772... A channel for determining the coupling loss is also indicated. 801.00 MHz 742... 599 600 Forward link 742.05 MHz ..

mid channel 246 to 522 384 Band class 0. high channel 240 to 359 359 Band class 8. low channel 0 to 499 0 Band class 8. low channel 1329 to 1902 1329 Band class 2. low channel 539 to 871 539 Band class 5. low channel 1 to 245 / 991 to 1023 / (1024 to 1323) 1 Band class 0. 84 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 1) 1CM69 50 Rohde & Schwarz . high channel 800 to 1199 1199 Band class 7. mid channel 1 to 300 / 1039 to 1473 67 Band class 5. high channel 1000 to 1499 1499 Fig. high channel 281 to 799 799 Band class 4. low channel 0 to 119 0 Band class 7. low channel 0 to 199 0 Band class 4. mid channel 801 to 1039 / 1 to 280 20 Band class 3. mid channel 200 to 399 299 Band class 4. high channel 523 to 799 799 Band class 1. high channel 800 to 1199 1199 Band class 2.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band and range Channels Reference channel Band class 0. high channel 1792 to 2016 2016 Band class 6. mid channel 400 to 799 599 Band class 1. high channel 400 to 599 599 Band class 5. mid channel 400 to 799 599 Band class 6. mid channel 1903 to 2047 / 0 to 427 141 Band class 2. high channel 428 to 1000 1000 Band class 3. low channel 0 to 399 0 Band class 6. mid channel 500 to 999 749 Band class 8. low channel 0 to 399 0 Band class 1. mid channel 120 to 239 179 Band class 7. low channel 1041 to 1199 / 1201 to 1600 1041 Band class 3.

high channel 160 to 239 239 Band class 13. low channel 0 to 232 0 Band class 9. low channel 0 to 79 0 Band class 12. high channel 866 to 1299 1299 Band class 15. low channel 0 to 432 0 Band class 14. mid channel 80 to 159 119 Band class 12. mid channel 580 to 1019 800 Band class 16. low channel 0 to 299 0 Band class 15. mid channel 300 to 599 449 Band class 15. low channel 0 to 359 0 Band class 10. mid channel 1 to 400 200 Band class 11. low channel 0 to 466 0 Band class 13. mid channel 467 to 933 700 Band class 13. high channel 466 to 699 699 Band class 10. high channel 934 to 1399 1399 Band class 14. high channel 1536 to 1715 1715 Band class 12. mid channel 466 to 699 582 Band class 10. low channel 472 to 871 472 Band class 11. high channel 600 to 899 899 Band class 16. high channel 720 to 919 919 Band class 11.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band and range Channels Reference channel Band class 9. mid channel 233 to 465 349 Band class 9. high channel 1020 to 1459 1459 Fig. low channel 140 to 579 140 Band class 16. 85 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 2) 1CM69 51 Rohde & Schwarz . mid channel 433 to 865 649 Band class 14.

this makes it impossible to make or keep a call. you do not need to do anything else on the telephone. low channel 140 to 579 140 Band class 17. Next. Setting the approximate attenuation values In R&S CMUgo. However. Setting up a test loopback connection (SO 2/9) The mobile phone must be powered on and register first. Select service option 2 or service option 9 on the tester for the call type. Softkey / Selected Service Option 2 or 9 1CM69 52 Rohde & Schwarz . low channel 0 to 199 0 US PSB. Softkey / Service Cfg. proceed as follows: Attachment of the telephone in the reference position in the antenna coupler In general.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Band and range Channels Reference channel Band class 17. mid channel 580 to 1019 800 Band class 17. make a call using the R&S CMU200. default values of 10 dB are used. This is intended to prevent overdriving or underdriving the R&S CMU200. Since this is a test loopback call. mid channel 200 to 399 300 US PSB. 86 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 3) Determination of the coupling loss on the reverse link Based on the example of the high channel in CDMA2000 band class 0. Resetting the R&S CMU200 You should reset the functional groups that are used in order to prevent any instrument settings that are not explicitly set from having an influence on the measurement results. high channel 400 to 600 600 Fig. high channel 1020 to 1459 1459 US PSB. the accuracy of the entire process is highly dependent on the repeatability of the positioning. Signaling processes such as a channel change or handoffs to other bands in particular are susceptible to dropped calls.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 87 Setting the service class option in CDMA2000 Softkey / Connection Softkey / 1st Service Class Loopback Service Softkey / Connect MS Fig. 88 Call setup in CDMA2000 1CM69 53 Rohde & Schwarz .

Unlike the WCDMA standard. the expected output power for maximum power is between 23 dBm and 30 dBm. 89 Max. Softkey / Power Softkey / Max. we have the following situation when using the antenna coupler: The real output power of the telephone Pmax_ref consists of the power Pmeas_x measured 1CM69 54 Rohde & Schwarz . 90 Determination of the reference power Pmax_ref Comparable to the determination of the reference value. In the default setting. Output O-QPSK Fig. different output power levels should be expected. For example. The real output power of the telephone Pmax_ref consists of the power Pmeas_ref measured on the tester and the cable attenuation ATTcable. the power control bits are automatically set in this test menu so that the mobile phone attains the maximum output power. the limits for maximum power are relatively wide. Measuring the maximum power of the telephone Switch to the "Max. Power" menu. in band class 0 and power class III. Depending on the power class and band class of the telephone.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Setting the channel The channel setting is also communicated to the telephone via signaling. transmit power measurement in CDMA2000 Computation of the attenuation The reference value (like all power measured values) always refers to the antenna base of the mobile phone. P max_ref = P meas_ref + ATT cable Fig.

it says that the receiver has met a minimum requirement. 91 Ratio of the reference power Pmax_ref to the coupler attenuation If we assume that the output power of the telephone was previously determined. there is no way to take the channel encoding from the signal path. it is possible using a BER search or FER search to determine the absolute sensitivity of the receiver. A specified level is used for such a test. the longer the measurement will take. The signal level on the receive path is minimized until a specified bit error rate or frame error rate is exceeded. we need a minimum number of transmitted frames. This means that in CDMA2000. This tends to slow down the measurement considerably. The closer the measured values get to the limit. The signal level is minimized in steps of 2 dB until the first frame errors are detected. On the other hand. it is common to use a bit error rate measurement or a frame error rate measurement in order to assess the quality of reception. we need a different criterion: The sensitivity of the receiver. In the frame error rate measurement. however. ATT coupler = Pmax_ref – P max_x + ATT default Fig. Instead. In CDMA2000. During a first test step. we now obtain the following formula that takes into account the previously set default attenuation setting ATTdefault. P max ref = P max_x + ATT coupler – ATT default Fig. however. The basic principle of a receiver sensitivity measurement In the field of digital radio engineering. Then. To obtain conclusive results. the probability of exceeding a specified threshold (upper limit of the measurement) will be low given a rectangular distribution of the errors. Accordingly. we can only determine the frame error rate and not the bit error rate. The displayed measured value. a low frame count is used. is dependent in turn on each attenuation value ATTdefault set in the test instrument. One method for speeding up a statistical measurement (such as the frame error rate measurement) involves specifying a confidence level. if there are no bit errors at the start of the measurement. no measurement report is transmitted in CDMA2000 in which the mobile phone can inform the base station of its current receive level.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers on the tester and the attenuation value in the antenna coupler cable ATTcoupler. the signal level 1CM69 55 Rohde & Schwarz . For example. 92 Determination of the reverse link attenuation in the antenna coupler Determination of the coupling loss on the forward link Unlike the previously described mobile radio standards. measurements can be finished relatively quickly as long as no bit errors occur. By taking into account a confidence level. A measurement of this sort does not determine the absolute sensitivity of the receiver. reaching the threshold is simultaneously the objective. R&S CMUgo makes use of a three-step method. which is why the confidence level will speed up the measurement only at certain times.

During the final test step. since dropped calls can also occur in case the receiver sensitivity is misestimated. Then. The frame count is now increased and the signal level is decreased in steps of 0. Here. A limit which is set too low can lead to inaccurate measurements. The second test step is also complete as soon as the first errors are detected. 1CM69 56 Rohde & Schwarz .1 dB as long as the frame errors do not exceed the limit. A limit which is set too high entails the risk of dropped calls. the full frame count is used.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers is increased back by 2 dB. The limit should not be set too low or too high. transmit power measurement in CDMA2000 Computation of the attenuation The reference measurement produces the reference level of the base station signal BS Power_ref based on the power level set on the mobile radio tester BS Power_tester minus the cable attenuation.5 dB. The signal level is now minimized by default in steps of 0. The starting level should also not be set too low. 93 Max. The signal level which is attained and which led to the limit being exceeded reflects the sensitivity of the receiver.5 dB. the signal level is raised by 0. since sporadic frame errors can arise repeatedly in the vicinity of the sensitivity limit. Softkey / Receiver Quality Softkey / BS Signal Level Softkey / CDMA Power Fig. the power levels refer to the level at which the limit for the frame rate measurement was reached.

A reference measurement using the golden device on the cable is required prior to starting.ATT cable Fig. BS Power ref = BS Power tester_x . the same reference level is obtained when reaching the limit in the coupler based on the setting for the base station power BS Power tester_x on the mobile radio tester minus the attenuation in the antenna coupler including the connected cable ATT coupler plus the previously set attenuation on the mobile radio tester ATT default.ATT coupler + ATT default Fig. 95 Determination of the reference level BS Power_ref in the coupler By rearranging this equation.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers BS Power ref = BS Power tester . ATT coupler = BS Power tester_x . 94 Determination of the reference level BS Power_ref Analogously.BS Power ref + ATT default Fig. we can obtain the formula for computing the coupling loss. 96 Determination of the forward link attenuation in the antenna coupler Procedure in R&S CMUgo in CDMA2000 A simple test sequence for a CDMA2000 band class Once the reference position has been manually determined. The sequence should contain the following elements: 1CM69 • Basic Initializing • CDMA2000 Call Setup • CDMA2000 Find Reference 57 Rohde & Schwarz . R&S CMUgo can be used to easily determine the coupling loss values.

you will not need to change the settings for the fundamental channel and the pilot channel. Fig. 1CM69 58 Rohde & Schwarz . 98 Settings in the Call Setup dialog Normally.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 97 A simple example sequence for the CDMA2000 reference measurement One of the loopback test modes should be selected for the call setup.

we suggest that you use this method only in exceptional cases. the target frame error rate and the step size for decreasing the level upon reaching the target. 100 Assignment of the reference values to a shortcut 1CM69 59 Rohde & Schwarz . In this case. the values entered in the dialog will be taken into account.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. you can enable the "Generate fixed reference values (dBm)" checkbox. a dialog will appear that you can use to assign a shortcut to these values. However. 99 Settings in the CDMA2000 Find Reference dialog You can specify the starting level. Once the test sequence has been initiated and you have determined suitable reference values. If it is not possible to make a measurement but you have suitable values. You can also specify the confidence level for the frame error rate measurement and the averaging factor for the measurement. Fig. You can also specify attenuation values for the reference measurement to be taken into account.

The procedure used here is very similar to the reference measurement. it is now necessary to determine the coupling attenuation in the antenna coupler.10 Fig. [C2K_TESTPHONE] BC0_REF_MAX_POW_L=22. 102 A simple example sequence for CDMA2000 Find Attenuation 1CM69 60 Rohde & Schwarz . The sequence should contain the following elements: • Basic Initializing • CDMA2000 Call Setup • CDMA2000 Find Attenuation Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Once the test is complete.75 BC0_REF_SENS_L=-106.INI" file The "CDMA2000 Find Attenuation" test item During a second test sequence.INI" file will be extended to include the following values.60 BC0_REF_MAX_POW_M=23.10 BC0_REF_SENS_H=-106. 101 Entries in the "Attenuation. the "Attenuation.05 BC0_REF_MAX_POW_H=22.10 BC0_REF_SENS_M=-106.

103 Settings in the Call Setup dialog Normally. a dialog will appear that prompts you to select the corresponding shortcut. you can specify the confidence level for the frame error rate measurement and the averaging factor for the measurement. 1CM69 61 Rohde & Schwarz . the computed attenuation values will be displayed. 104 Settings in the CDMA2000 Find Attenuation dialog You can specify the starting level. you will not need to change the settings for the fundamental channel and the pilot channel. You can also specify attenuation values for the reference measurement to be taken into account. Once the measurements have been completed. set one of the loopback test modes for the call setup. Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers As was the case during the reference measurement. Once this is done. the target frame error rate and the step size for decreasing the level upon reaching the target. The settings should correspond to those used in the reference measurement. Fig. In addition.

1CM69 62 Rohde & Schwarz . the name of the image files and other similar details. 106 Editor for the CDMA2000 database The newly added attenuation values will be highlighted using a yellow background. click the "Update" button and the data will be updated in the database. Fig. The entries will also be updated in the "Attenuation. Click the "OK" button to transfer the values to the editor for the database. In this dialog. Once the entries are complete.INI" file.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 105 Assignment of the coupling attenuation values to a shortcut Click the "Cancel" button if you want to discard the values and interrupt this process. you can now specify the missing values for the reference position.

05 BC0_REF_MAX_POW_H=22.75 BC0_REF_SENS_L=-106.00 Fig. the telephone type play no role in the procedure.49 BC0_ATTIN_H=9. for example.00 BC0_ATTOUT_H=11. we will now discuss the different operating modes in greater detail. Besides the attenuation values.10 BC0_FIND_SENS_H=-95. the sequence should be based on the underlying technology.56 BC0_ATTOUT_L=11.10 BC0_FIND_MAX_POW_L=13.10 BC0_FIND_SENS_M=-95.10 BC0_REF_SENS_M=-106. This means that R&S CMUgo can be integrated into highly diverse processes used by individual companies. Details relating to. The selection of sequences is important.19 BC0_FIND_SENS_L=-95. It also simplifies integration into individual user processes. CDMA2000 plays a special role. Only selected parameters such as the attenuation values must be adapted.10 BC0_ATTIN_L=9. With R&S CMUgo.60 BC0_ATTIN_M=9.INI" file 7 The Different Modes Provided by R&S CMUgo R&S CMUgo provides many different ways to select automated sequences.60 BC0_REF_MAX_POW_M=23. it is obviously not possible to write a separate sequence for every telephone.56 BC0_FIND_MAX_POW_H=13. Accordingly.00 BC0_FIND_MAX_POW_M=13. 1CM69 63 Rohde & Schwarz . These entries are not required in WCDMA and GSM. In the following sections. Due to the huge number of mobile phone types currently available. we recommend using the test SIM card from Rohde & Schwarz. 107 Entries in the "Attenuation.00 BC0_ATTOUT_M=11.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers [C2K_TESTPHONE] BC0_REF_MAX_POW_L=22. it is also necessary to know on which channel a telephone can register and which SID and NID must be used. but the assignment of attenuation values to a corresponding telephone type is also crucial for successful test operation. since the default settings of the R&S CMU200 and R&S CMUgo are oriented toward the parameters of the test SIM card.10 BC0_REF_SENS_H=-106. since test SIM cards are used.

the sequence name is read from an attached tag on which the barcode is printed. Fig. 1CM69 64 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers 8 Reading in the Sequence Name Using a Barcode Direct entry of the sequence name One basic requirement for software used to test a wide variety of devices in service applications is the ability to select test sequences in an automated manner. The easiest approach involves selecting the test sequence with a barcode reader. 109 Toolbox selection of the barcode reader R&S CMUgo also makes it possible to use parts of the barcode for determining the sequence. 108 The "Options" menu You can also activate it in the toolbox bar provided by R&S CMUgo. the sequence name begins at position 3 and has a total of 11 characters . For example. You can activate the barcode mode in the "Options" menu provided by R&S CMUgo. Fig. In the example shown here. The underlying position index begins at 0.

INI" file.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers *ABGSMDUALBANDXXX* SEQUENCE 4 SEQUENCE 3 GSMDUALBAND SEQUENCE 1 Basic Initializing GSM Call Setup GSM Testset … Fig. This is also a way of reusing sequences. Based on an assignment in the "Sequence. 1CM69 65 Rohde & Schwarz . 110 Barcode reader for direct input of the sequence Indirect entry of the sequence name Another approach for using a barcode reader involves reading in some other text such as the sales designation for the mobile phone. the actual name of the sequence is then determined.

In addition to indirect input.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers TESTPHONE ABC123 SEQUENCE. More details on this approach are provided in a later section. Shortcuts could again be.INI [PHONELIST1] TESTPHONE ABC123 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE DEF456 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE XYZ987 = GSMTRIBAND SEQUENCE 4 SEQUENCE 3 GSMDUALBAND SEQUENCE 1 Basic Initializing GSM Call Setup GSM Testset … Fig. shortcuts can also be used to define the attenuation values. 111 Barcode reader for indirect input of the sequence Entering the shortcut Similar to the approach involving indirect input of the test sequence. for example. 1CM69 66 Rohde & Schwarz . you can also read in shortcuts using a barcode reader. the model designation of the mobile phone.

1CM69 67 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers TESTPHONE ABC123 SHORTCUT. 112 Barcode reader for input of the shortcuts 9 Determination of the Sequence Name via User Input Direct selection of the sequence name R&S CMUgo provides a combo box in the toolbox bar.INI [PHONELIST1] TESTPHONE ABC123 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE ABC567 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE DEF891 = GSMTRIBAND SEQUENCE 4 SEQUENCE 3 GSMDUALBAND SEQUENCE 1 Basic Initializing GSM Call Setup GSM Testset … Fig. you can see the sequences that are found in the corresponding sequence directory. Once you open the combo box.

Fig. a check will appear next to the menu entry. If this mode was activated. a dialog will appear in which you can easily select the sequence name using the up and down cursor keys on the keyboard. 113 Selection of the sequence in the toolbox combo box You can specify the directory in the "Options" menu provided by R&S CMUgo using the "Directories …" command. 1CM69 68 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 115 Specification of the sequence directory In the "Options" menu. Fig. 116 Toolbox selection of user dialog for sequence selection Once you click the start button for R&S CMUgo. the selected sequence will be started. the directory in which R&S CMUgo was installed is used automatically. Fig. The toolbox provided by R&S CMUgo also contains a button for activating the dialog for user input. you will also find the entry "Sequencer waits for User Input". Once you press the enter key. 114 The "Options" menu If no directory is specified.

The title of the individual combo boxes can also be configured. 1CM69 69 Rohde & Schwarz . Alternatively. 117 User dialog for direct sequence selection Entering a shortcut The basic principle of shortcuts was previously described in the section about reading in the sequence name using a barcode. 118 User dialog for indirect sequence selection using shortcuts If there is a picture of the telephone in the database for shortcut dependent attenuation. This makes it possible to realize an arbitrary hierarchy with up to three levels. In contrast to this mode. Fig. you can also make an appropriate selection using the three combo boxes on the left side of the dialog. it will also be displayed in this dialog.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. The three levels that are shown are derived directly from the name of the shortcut. the corresponding shortcuts are listed here in the user dialog for entering the sequence. The boundary between the individual levels is formed by a space.

The 1CM69 70 Rohde & Schwarz . 119 User dialog for sequence selection using individual levels The lower three input fields in the "Sequence Listbox / Shortcut Configuration" dialog via which the "Options" menu in R&S CMUgo can be called up are used for this purpose.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig.INI". 120 Configuration of the user dialog and the shortcuts In the same dialog. it is also possible to select the shortcut mode by activating the mode "Uses the entries of SHORTCUT. Fig.

As an alternative to this user dialog. click the "Update" button and the new entry will be entered. Either an existing shortcut is selected in the combo box. You can display the list of existing sequences by clicking the "…" button. You can delete existing entries from the "Shortcut. 121 The "SHORTCUT. 122 Selection of the shortcut in the toolbox combo box The following figure summarizes the basic principle behind sequence selection using shortcuts. you can select the shortcuts in the combo box on the toolbox bar. Once you have made your entry. Fig. You can also edit the "Shortcut. You can also specify the font size for the user dialog in three steps.ini" file can have different sections.INI" file Each entry begins with the name of the shortcut followed by an equals sign (=) and the name of the test sequence.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers "Shortcut. To the right. 1CM69 71 Rohde & Schwarz .ini" file in the "Sequence Listbox / Shortcut Configuration" dialog. each of which begins with "PHONELIST" and is complemented by a corresponding number. [PHONELIST1] TESTPHONE ABC123 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE ABC567 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE DEF891 = GSMTRIBAND Fig. the name of the test sequence is specified. or you can enter a new shortcut name in the editing field below.ini" file by clicking the "Delete" button.

This is also handled using the " Sequence Listbox / Shortcut Configuration" dialog. system identifier (SID) and network identifier (NID). each network operator uses a specific combination of the channel number. a new dialog will appear. Click the "Use Shortcut Extensions" checkbox.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers TESTPHONE ABC123 TESTPHONE ABC567 TESTPHONE DEF891 SHORTCUT.INI [PHONELIST1] TESTPHONE ABC123 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE ABC567 = GSMDUALBAND TESTPHONE DEF891 = GSMTRIBAND SEQUENCE 4 SEQUENCE 3 GSMDUALBAND SEQUENCE 1 Basic Initializing GSM Call Setup GSM Testset … Fig. After you click the "Extensions for CDMA2000 / 1xEvDO" button. 1CM69 72 Rohde & Schwarz . "Shortcut extensions" can be created to make it unnecessary to create multiple entries for the attenuation values and also for the sequence to be used. 123 Relationship between the shortcut and the test sequence The shortcut extension in CDMA2000 In CDMA2000.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. The shortcuts and the shortcut extensions are combined. 124 Definition of the shortcut extensions Here. The shortcut extension will be appended to the shortcuts that were defined for CDMA2000. you can enter the parameters for the network operator in question. "MobileType2" and "MobileType3". In the attenuation values database for CDMA2000 and in the "SHORTCUT. We can show how this works using a simple example. which is why a total of six entries appear in the list in the user dialog or in the combo box in the toolbox provided by R&S CMUgo. three mobile phones have been saved: "MobileType1". roaming will result in significantly longer registration times. In addition to the previously described parameters for the channel number for registration and call setup. Typically. In the "C2NETWPARAMETER. the SID and the NID. the shortcut extensions were saved in this example for "ProviderA" and "ProviderB".INI" file. you can also enter the mobile country code (MCC) to prevent a telephone from being operated in roaming mode. 1CM69 73 Rohde & Schwarz .TXT" file.

125 Combination of the shortcuts and shortcut extensions 10 Assignment of the Attenuation Values So far. we have described how it is possible to automate sequence selection. The most flexible method is the shortcut dependent mode. or we might like to test a certain telephone type with and without the housing. the relevant mode must be activated. 1CM69 74 Rohde & Schwarz . the number of sequences to be maintained will quickly grow to an unmanageable number. this mode is easy to use. however. the shortcut mode works best. Additional details about TAC dependent mode and shortcut dependent mode are provided in the following sections. • The attenuation values are derived from the type approval code (TAC). The approach involving linking the attenuation values with the type approval code (TAC) can be used only in GSM and WCDMA (but not in CDMA2000). In most cases. This is possible in three ways: • The sequence contains the attenuation values to be used. However. 11 The Database for TAC Dependent Attenuation In order to be able to access the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation value settings. • The attenuation values are assigned to the shortcuts. Otherwise. there are also cases in which a different antenna arrangement might be used without a new TAC being assigned. The assignment of the attenuation values can be treated independently. but it requires somewhat more maintenance then the TAC dependent mode.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers MobileType1 ProviderA MobileType2 ProviderB MobileType3 MobileType1 ProviderA MobileType1 ProviderB MobileType2 ProviderA MobileType2 ProviderB MobileType3 ProviderA MobileType3 ProviderB Fig. In these cases. The first method is applicable only in conjunction with wired measurements.

If you activate the entry "GSM/WCDMA". It is also possible. Activation of the mode is indicated by a checkmark prior to the menu entry. Each telephone type can have multiple type approval codes (TAC). Fig. the dialog for editing the attenuation database for GSM and WCDMA telephones will be displayed. you will now find entries for "GSM/WCDMA" and also the entry "GSM/WCDMA (Alternative)".Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Select the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" entry in the "Configuration" menu . Use the yellow cursor keys on the right side to move to the next telephone type more quickly. This allows you to skip over multiple entries. The entries already contained in the database can be accessed using the "Existing Phone Types" combo box. Both modes are activated using the menu entries "Use Alternative Attenuation Table" or "Alternative Table used for RF1/ Standard Table used for RF2". for test purposes without having to modify the original table. There is a complete (separate) database underlying the alternative entry. 126 Menu entries for TAC dependent attenuation In the "Specific Attenuation Table" submenu. for example. You can deselect the mode by selecting the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" mode or by clicking again with your mouse on the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" entry. to assign the standard table to the input/output RF2 and the alternative attenuation value table to the input/output RF1. which is why a given telephone type might appear more than once. depending on the interface of the R&S CMU200. It can be used. 1CM69 75 Rohde & Schwarz .

127 Dialog for TAC dependent attenuation The type approval code for the respective entry is displayed in the "TAC" field. If you would just like to add a new type approval code to an existing telephone type. "GSM400/850". This button lists all of the existing image files in the current directory. Optimum results are obtained as follows: • Width: 300 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color (or black-and-white) • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) You can access existing image files using the "…" button.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. the image files should be in the following format: • Width: 150 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) In addition to the image of the telephone. enter it into the "TAC" input field and click the "Update" button. "WCDMA Band IV-VI" and "WCDMA VII-IX". To obtain optimum results. the reference position of the telephone on the antenna coupler and the determined attenuation values. 1CM69 76 Rohde & Schwarz . "WCDMA Band I-III". The filename for the second image is the same as that of the main image. but with "POS_" at the start of the filename. The attenuation values are displayed in separate tabs for "GSM900/1800/1900". you should also prepare an image that documents the position of the telephone in the antenna coupler. The entries for a given telephone type include the filename of the image file.

It is independent of the path that contains the database. Using the appropriate path entries. 129 Dialog for positioning the telephone 1CM69 77 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. The "Special handling required" checkbox determines whether the following dialog is displayed to the user after the telephone is registered prior to call setup: Fig. you can also build a number of independent databases corresponding. for example. 128 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation The path containing the image files can also be specified. to the different levels of mobile radio service.

Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The checkboxes next to the band designation are intended to indicate that this mobile phone supports this band. If you modify entries for an existing telephone and then click the "Update" button. To enter a new telephone type. In conjunction with the "Check Mobile Capabilities" test item in a test sequence. 131 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values 1CM69 78 Rohde & Schwarz . click the "Update" button. you can decide whether to apply the change for all TACs associated with this telephone type or only for the specific TAC. indicate the name of the new telephone in the "New Phone Type" input field. this is a way of verifying whether a GSM triband telephone is being (incorrectly) tested using a GSM dual-band sequence. a dialog will appear asking you to confirm your changes before they are saved to the database. it is possible to determine whether the sequence matches the telephone technology. Fig. 130 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values If you would like to save multiple type approval codes (TACs) for this telephone type. Once you have made all of your entries. For example.

"WCDMA Band IV-VI" and "WCDMA VII-IX". These values can be modified using commands in the "Default Attenuation Table" submenu.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Click the "Cancel" button if you do not wish to save the new values in the database. "WCDMA Band I-III". Prior to registration of the telephone and thus before the type approval code (TAC) is known. default values are used for the attenuation values. 132 Menu entries for the default attenuation values The attenuation values are displayed in separate tabs for "GSM900/1800/1900". "GSM400/850". 1CM69 79 Rohde & Schwarz . Fig.

Also be sure to never set values that are too high. since overdriving the R&S CMU200 can prevent proper registration. They should be selected such that the query of the type approval code (TAC) is possible during the registration process. default values are loaded for the attenuation values. the correct attenuation values are not known. nor is the ideal position. 12 Procedure When Using TAC Dependent Attenuation Sequence selection can be handled in many different ways. since prior to registration. the relevant mode must be activated. Select the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" entry in the "Configuration" menu. as was described above. Once registration has been successfully completed.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 134 Procedure for TAC dependent attenuation values 13 Database for Shortcut Dependent Attenuation in CDMA2000 and 1xEvDo In order to be able to access the dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation value settings. The data loaded from the database is also used later when changing channels during subsequent tests. 133 Dialog for editing the default attenuation values Please use caution when selecting these values. Shortcut Sequence (n+3) Initial Attenuation values Sequence (n+2) Sequence (n+1) Sequence (n) Initialization Database (TAC index) Call Setup Registration TAC? BARCODE Attenuation values Dialog to place the mobile! MOC/MTC Test Item [m] Test Item [m+1] Test Item [m+2] Fig. the type approval code (TAC) should be known. Selection is also possible using a barcode reader or a shortcut. At the start of the initial call setup. Call setup is now initiated using these attenuation values. It is most important to prevent overdriving the R&S CMU200 test instrument. Activation of the mode is indicated by a checkmark prior to the menu entry. The mobile-specific attenuation values are now loaded. You can deselect the mode by 1CM69 80 Rohde & Schwarz .

The attenuation values are divided into four areas. 135 Menu entries for shortcut dependent attenuation In the "Specific Attenuation Table" submenu. The alternative entries are based on complete (separate) databases. The entries for a telephone type include the filename of the image file. this classification system is generally adequate. It is also possible. only the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" mode is available. The data that is recorded as well as the structure of the dialog are very similar to the previously described dialog for the TAC dependent database. If you activate the entry "CDMA2000". for example. the reference position of the telephone on the antenna coupler and the determined attenuation values. Band classes that are in the same frequency range are grouped together. for test purposes without having to modify the original tables. Fig. since this standard does not have a value that is comparable to the type approval code (TAC).Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers selecting the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" mode or by clicking again with your mouse on the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" entry. This produces a classification system that groups together the following band classes: 1CM69 81 Rohde & Schwarz . Both modes are activated using the menu entries "Use Alternative Attenuation Table" or "Alternative Table used for RF1 / Standard Table used for RF2". Due to the number of possible band classes in CDMA2000 and 1xEvDo and also due to the fact that most telephones are dual-band devices at most. depending on the interface of the R&S CMU200. to assign the standard table to the input/output RF2 and the alternative attenuation value table to the input/output RF1. the dialog for editing the attenuation database for CDMA2000 telephones will be displayed. In CDMA2000 and 1xEvDo. They can be used. you will now find entries for "GSM/WCDMA" and "CDMA2000" as well as the entries "GSM/WCDMA (Alternative)" and "CDMA2000 (Alternative)".

Optimum results are obtained as follows: 1CM69 82 Rohde & Schwarz . To obtain optimum results. 8 and 14 • Band class 6. 2. 15. 10. the image files should be in the following format: • Width: 150 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) In addition to the image of the telephone. but with "POS_" at the start of the filename. 9. 16 and 17 The attenuation values are entered for the input and output in each case for a low. 4. The channel assignment can be viewed using the tooltips. 7. Hold the mouse pointer over the input field you are interested in for a certain period of time. To be able to display all the channels given the length of the channel assignment. 136 Dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation in CDMA2000 The "Filename for Picture" input field is used to specify the image file to be used. The filename for the second image is the same as that of the main image.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers • Band class 5 and 11 • Band class 0. Fig. you should also prepare an image that documents the position of the telephone in the antenna coupler. 13. some of the channels are displayed over the input field for the input attenuation and the other channels are displayed when the mouse pointer hovers over the input field for the output attenuation. 12 and 18 • Band class 1. middle and high range. 3.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers • Width: 300 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color (or black-and-white) • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) You can access existing image files using the "…" button. 137 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation The path containing the image files can also be specified. It is independent of the path that contains the database. This button lists all of the existing image files in the current directory. to the different levels of mobile radio service. Using the appropriate path entries. The "Special handling required" checkbox determines whether the following dialog is displayed to the user after the telephone is registered prior to call setup: 1CM69 83 Rohde & Schwarz . for example. you can also build a number of independent databases corresponding. Fig.

Once you have finished inputting the data. 139 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values 1CM69 84 Rohde & Schwarz . 138 Dialog for positioning the telephone The dialog does not have an input field for entering new shortcuts. you must define the shortcuts first so that you will be able to assign attenuation values in this dialog. the position in the coupler. Two combo boxes are contained in this dialog. the image file and all related details.INI" file but for which no entries are yet present in the database. Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. First. click the "Update" button. The first combo box ("Sequence and Pathloss is defined") shows all of the shortcuts for which entries are already present in the database of attenuation values. As a result. If you modify entries for an existing telephone. enter the attenuation values. a dialog will appear asking you to confirm the changes before they are saved in the database. The second combo box ("Only Sequence is defined") shows the shortcuts that were defined in the "SHORTCUT. Then. you must use these combo boxes to select a shortcut.

the dialog for editing the attenuation database for GSM and WCDMA telephones will be displayed. Select the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" entry in the "Configuration" menu . Activation of the mode is indicated by a checkmark to the left of the menu entry. for example. It is also possible.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Using the yellow cursor keys on the right side. 140 Menu entries for shortcut dependent attenuation In the "Specific Attenuation Table" submenu. You can deselect the mode by selecting the "TAC Dependent Attenuation" mode or by clicking again with your mouse on the "Shortcut Dependent Attenuation" entry. Both modes are activated using the menu entries "Use Alternative Attenuation Table" or "Alternative Table used for RF1 / Standard Table used for RF2". Fig. The data that is recorded as well as the structure of the dialog are very similar to the previously described dialog for the TAC dependent database. They can be used. you can navigate more quickly to the next entry in the combo box "Sequence and Pathloss is defined". 14 Database for Shortcut Dependent Attenuation in GSM and WCDMA In order to be able to access the dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation value settings. the relevant mode must be activated. 1CM69 85 Rohde & Schwarz . you will now find entries for "GSM/WCDMA" and "CDMA2000" as well as the entries "GSM/WCDMA (Alternative)" and "CDMA2000 (Alternative)". to assign the standard table to the input/output RF2 and the alternative attenuation value table to the input/output RF1. The alternative entries are based on complete (separate) databases. depending on the interface of the R&S CMU200. for test purposes without having to modify the original tables. If you activate the entry "GSM/WCDMA".

Optimum results are obtained as follows: • Width: 300 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color (or black-and-white) • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) Fig. "WCDMA Band IV-VI" and "WCDMA VII-IX". the image files should be in the following format: • Width: 150 pixels • Height: 300 pixels • 24-bit color • Format: Windows bitmap (BMP) In addition to the image of the telephone. "GSM400/850". 141 Dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation in GSM/WCDMA You can access existing image files using the "…" button. To obtain optimum results. "WCDMA Band I-III". the reference position of the telephone on the antenna coupler and the determined attenuation values. The attenuation values are displayed in separate tabs for "GSM900/1800/1900". you should also prepare an image that documents the position of the telephone in the antenna coupler. The filename for the second image is the same as that of the main image. but with "POS_" at the start of the filename. This button lists all of the existing image files in the current directory. 1CM69 86 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The entries for a telephone type include the filename of the image file.

143 Dialog for positioning the telephone 1CM69 87 Rohde & Schwarz . It is independent of the path that contains the database. for example. The "Special handling required" checkbox determines whether the following dialog is displayed to the user after the telephone is registered prior to call setup: Fig. you can also build a number of independent databases corresponding. to the different levels of mobile radio service. Using the appropriate path entries.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 142 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation The path containing the image files can also be specified.

INI" file but for which no entries are yet present in the database. enter the attenuation values. you must use these combo boxes to select a shortcut. Two combo boxes are contained in this dialog. 1CM69 88 Rohde & Schwarz . First. you can navigate more quickly to the next entry in the combo box "Sequence and Pathloss is defined". Once you have finished inputting the data. The second combo box ("Only Sequence is defined") shows the shortcuts that were defined in the "SHORTCUT. As a result.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers The dialog does not have an input field for entering new shortcuts. the position in the coupler. click the "Update" button. you can now select an existing telephone in the database of TAC dependent attenuation values. the image file and all related details. If you modify entries for an existing telephone. Click the "Import values …" button. a dialog will appear asking you to confirm the changes before they are saved in the database. This means that it is also possible to import the attenuation values that were determined using the "Find Attenuation" mechanism. you must define the shortcuts first so that you will be able to assign attenuation values in this dialog. 144 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values Using the yellow cursor keys on the right side. Then. Fig. In the dialog that appears. Data can be imported from the TAC dependent mode for the shortcut dependent mode. The first combo box ("Sequence and Pathloss is defined") shows all of the shortcuts for which entries are already present in the database of attenuation values.

1CM69 89 Rohde & Schwarz .Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. the corresponding attenuation values will be imported and displayed in the dialog. the mobile-specific attenuation values are loaded. 145 Dialog for importing values from the "TAC dependent attenuation" database After you click the "OK" button. These attenuation values are also used for the following tests during subsequent channel changes. At the start of the first. 15 Procedure When Using Shortcut Dependent Attenuation Sequences are selected using a shortcut. The benefit of this is that these attenuation values can be used starting with the registration process. Call setup is now initiated as well using these attenuation values.

it does not support the applications presented here.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Sequence (n+3) Shortcut Sequence (n+2) Sequence (n+1) Database (Shortcut index) Sequence (n) Attenuation values Initialization Call Setup Dialog to place the mobile! MOC/MTC Test Item [m] Test Item [m+1] Test Item [m+2] Fig. the price of a test instrument is typically an important criterion either in favor of or 1CM69 90 Rohde & Schwarz . The standard R&S® CMU200V02 universal radio communication tester as well as the R&S® CMU200V10 high-end service tester support all of the applications described here. the R&S® CMU200 universal radio communication tester is equally popular in all areas of production. which can also be used for service and repair of mobile phones. This instrument is used especially for calibrating mobile phones. It is precisely in these applications that the cost factor tends to be most crucial. In the service sector. Since no signaling is available in this model. WCDMA/HSDPA and CDMA2000/1xEV-DO. development and quality assurance. These models are specially optimized for use in high-end service (R&S® CMU200V10 I model 10) or in board level testing/alignment (R&S® CMU200V30 I model 30). we now offer two new models for the R&S® CMU200. these instruments can be manufactured in a cost-effective manner for sale at a very attractive price. For the sake of completeness. we will also briefly discuss the R&S® CMU200V30 non-signaling tester. such great flexibility or high measurement speed is not necessary in many specific applications. However. a mobile radio test setup for service work should perform general RF measurements and be capable of handling all of the relevant mobile radio standards such as GSM. Accordingly. Accordingly. 146 Procedure for shortcut dependent attenuation values 16 Features of the R&S CMU200V02 and R&S CMU200V10 Due to its flexibility and measurement speed with simultaneously high measurement accuracy. R&S®CMU200V10 high-end service tester A test instrument for service applications must be versatile. Due to their limitation to a particular application area.

In addition. The R&S®CMU-B85 option for audio tests in CDMA2000 is also supported. Due to the two identically equipped RF interfaces. CDMA2000/1xEVDO and Bluetooth® measurements and signaling. CDMA and 1xEV-DO transmitter and receiver measurements in non-signaling mode as well as all of the relevant general measurements. The R&S® CMU200V10 can also be equipped with the R&S®CMU-B99 option. WCDMA/HSDPA. In addition. BER and BLER. only the relevant signaling module is required (see the section with ordering information). The R&S® CMU200V10 thus makes available all of the standard-specific measurement features required in service applications such as diverse power measurements. handover within a standard. Transmitter measurements such as smart alignment (R&S® CMUK47) and I/Q versus slot (R&S® CMU-K48) are included as standard features for polar modulator adjustment. measurement speed is also important in this application area. The R&S® CMU200V10 is designed for use in service applications. The R&S® CMU200V10 can be equipped additionally with the options R&S®CMU-B52 and R&S®CMU-B41 to provide comprehensive audio test capabilities for GSM/WCDMA. and handover between WCDMA and GSM are also taken into account. GPRS. the measurement speed is generally less important. Naturally. All of the standard-specific signaling features such as call setup and cleardown. WCDMA. Accordingly. Besides measurement accuracy. all of the generally applicable measurement and generator functions for calibration of mobile phones are also available. this option is ideal for usage in final testing. all of the calibration-specific measurements such as smart alignment (R&S®CMU-K47) and I/Q 1CM69 91 Rohde & Schwarz . The setting and measurement speeds are slightly restricted compared to the standard model 02. R&S®CMU200V30 non-signaling tester The R&S® CMU200V30 is intended primarily for use on production lines. One approach for optimization involves setting up stations that are used exclusively for calibration of mobile phones. the high measurement and setting speed provided by the standard model has been retained in this model.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers against the instrument. channel and power switching. This model of the tester is also well-suited for calibration of mobile phones in service factories (service centers that handle very large quantities of phones). Model 30 of the R&S® CMU200 is factory-equipped to perform GSM. the R&S® CMU200V10 supports the latest concepts used in calibration of mobile phones. spectrum measurements. and development-specific options cannot be installed on the service tester. EGPRS. To enable the features. On the other hand. Extremely optimized processes are required to manage such large quantities of telephones. This service tester comes factory-equipped with all of the software packages needed for service applications involving GSM. The measurement and signaling functionality provided in the R&S® CMU200V10 is thus identical to the functionality in the standard model (R&S® CMU200V02) when outfitted with the appropriate options. One mobile phone can be tested or verified on one interface while the next mobile phone is being adapted on the second interface. The R&S® CMU200V10 is our ideal recommendation for users who need a lot of features at a cost-effective price.

Fig. Fig. 1 Positioning grid for the CMU-Z10/Z11 antenna coupler 2 PCL-dependent output power in GSM 450 / 480 / 850 / 900 3 PCL-dependent output power in GSM 1800 / 1900 4 TCH-26 multiframe structure 5 RXLev value vs. Fig. Fig. 147 Service procedure for mobile phones 17 Table of figures Fig. Fig. Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers versus slot (R&S®CMU-K48) for polar modulator adjustment are standard features in this instrument. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. the R&S® CMU200V30 represents a very attractive alternative for applications involving servicing of large quantities of telephones. Fig. Fig. Since calibration tools used by mobile radio manufacturers often do not require signaling capabilities. input level 6 GSM 900 channels and uplink frequencies 7 GSM 1800 channels and uplink frequencies 8 GSM 1900 channels and uplink frequencies 9 GSM 450 channels and uplink frequencies 10 GSM 480 channels and uplink frequencies 11 GSM reference channels 12 Resetting the R&S CMU200 13 Setting the attenuation values in the R&S CMU200 14 Call setup in GSM900 on the R&S CMU200 15 PCL setting on the R&S CMU200 16 PCL setting on the CMU200 17 Measurement of the average power of the burst signal 18 Determination of the reference power Pout_ref 19 Ratio of the reference power Pout_ref to the coupler attenuation 20 Determination of the uplink attenuation in the antenna coupler 1CM69 92 6 7 8 8 10 11 11 11 11 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 17 17 Rohde & Schwarz . Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig.

35 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band II Fig.INI" file Fig. 54 Determination of the uplink attenuation in the antenna coupler Fig. 38 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IV Fig. 52 Determination of the reference power Pmax_ref Fig. 21 Setting the TCH level and measurement of the RX level Fig. 39 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IV Fig. 50 Call setup in WCDMA band I on the R&S CMU200 Fig. 53 Ratio of the reference power Pmax_ref to the coupler attenuation Fig. 22 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler Fig. 27 Setting the band indicator Fig. 72 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 7 Fig. 78 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 13 Fig. 40 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band V Fig. 58 A simple example sequence Fig. 51 Verification of the power class of the UE on the R&S CMU200 Fig. 31 Additional entries in the "Attenuation. 48 Reference channels and frequency assignment in WCDMA Fig. 77 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 12 Fig. 47 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band IX Fig. 36 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band II Fig. 24 A simple example sequence Fig. 80 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 15 Fig. 59 Configuration of the "WCDMA Find Attenuation" test item Fig.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers Fig. 68 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 4 Fig. 46 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VIII Fig. 42 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VI Fig. 25 Configuration of the "GSM Find Attenuation" test item Fig. 62 Dialog for adding a telephone to the database Fig.INI" file Fig. 30 Dialog for adding a telephone to the database Fig. 32 Preamble power computation in WCDMA Fig. 76 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 11 Fig. 74 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 9 Fig. 57 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler Fig. 73 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 8 Fig. 37 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band III Fig. 81 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 16 Fig. 43 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VII Fig. 34 Downlink channels and frequencies in WCDMA band I Fig. 63 Additional entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file Fig. 64 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 0 Fig. 82 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 17 1CM69 93 19 19 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 26 27 27 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 33 34 35 35 35 35 37 37 38 38 39 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 48 48 48 48 Rohde & Schwarz . 28 Entries in the "Attenuation. 66 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 2 Fig. 61 Dialog input for the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step Fig. 33 Open-loop power computation for the DPCCH in WCDMA Fig. 41 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band V Fig. 79 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 14 Fig. 45 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band Fig. 60 Entries in the "Attenuation. 49 Call setup in WCDMA band I on the R&S CMU200 Fig. 69 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 5 (part 1) Fig. 75 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 10 Fig. 67 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 3 Fig.INI" file Fig. 26 GSM quadband sequence for determining the coupling loss Fig. 55 Setting the CPICH level and measurement of the CPICH RSCP level on the R&S CMU200 Fig. 70 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 5 (part 2) Fig. 23 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler Fig. 56 Determination of the downlink attenuation in the antenna coupler Fig. 65 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 1 Fig. 71 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 6 Fig. 44 Downlink special channels and frequencies in WCDMA band VII Fig. 29 Dialog input for the "Tune Find Attenuation" test step Fig.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers
Fig. 83 Channel and frequency assignments for CDMA2000 band class 18
Fig. 84 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 1)
Fig. 85 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 2)
Fig. 86 Reference channels and channel assignment in CDMA2000 (part 3)
Fig. 87 Setting the service class option in CDMA2000
Fig. 88 Call setup in CDMA2000
Fig. 89 Max. transmit power measurement in CDMA2000
Fig. 90 Determination of the reference power Pmax_ref
Fig. 91 Ratio of the reference power Pmax_ref to the coupler attenuation
Fig. 92 Determination of the reverse link attenuation in the antenna coupler
Fig. 93 Max. transmit power measurement in CDMA2000
Fig. 94 Determination of the reference level BS Power_ref
Fig. 95 Determination of the reference level BS Power_ref in the coupler
Fig. 96 Determination of the forward link attenuation in the antenna coupler
Fig. 97 A simple example sequence for the CDMA2000 reference measurement
Fig. 98 Settings in the Call Setup dialog
Fig. 99 Settings in the CDMA2000 Find Reference dialog
Fig. 100 Assignment of the reference values to a shortcut
Fig. 101 Entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file
Fig. 102 A simple example sequence for CDMA2000 Find Attenuation
Fig. 103 Settings in the Call Setup dialog
Fig. 104 Settings in the CDMA2000 Find Attenuation dialog
Fig. 105 Assignment of the coupling attenuation values to a shortcut
Fig. 106 Editor for the CDMA2000 database
Fig. 107 Entries in the "Attenuation.INI" file
Fig. 108 The "Options" menu
Fig. 109 Toolbox selection of the barcode reader
Fig. 110 Barcode reader for direct input of the sequence
Fig. 111 Barcode reader for indirect input of the sequence
Fig. 112 Barcode reader for input of the shortcuts
Fig. 113 Selection of the sequence in the toolbox combo box
Fig. 114 The "Options" menu
Fig. 115 Specification of the sequence directory
Fig. 116 Toolbox selection of user dialog for sequence selection
Fig. 117 User dialog for direct sequence selection
Fig. 118 User dialog for indirect sequence selection using shortcuts
Fig. 119 User dialog for sequence selection using individual levels
Fig. 120 Configuration of the user dialog and the shortcuts
Fig. 121 The "SHORTCUT.INI" file
Fig. 122 Selection of the shortcut in the toolbox combo box
Fig. 123 Relationship between the shortcut and the test sequence
Fig. 124 Definition of the shortcut extensions
Fig. 125 Combination of the shortcuts and shortcut extensions
Fig. 126 Menu entries for TAC dependent attenuation
Fig. 127 Dialog for TAC dependent attenuation
Fig. 128 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation
Fig. 129 Dialog for positioning the telephone
Fig. 130 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values
Fig. 131 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values
Fig. 132 Menu entries for the default attenuation values
Fig. 133 Dialog for editing the default attenuation values
Fig. 134 Procedure for TAC dependent attenuation values
Fig. 135 Menu entries for shortcut dependent attenuation
Fig. 136 Dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation in CDMA2000
Fig. 137 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation
Fig. 138 Dialog for positioning the telephone
Fig. 139 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values
Fig. 140 Menu entries for shortcut dependent attenuation
Fig. 141 Dialog for shortcut dependent attenuation in GSM/WCDMA
Fig. 142 Selection of the image file in the dialog for TAC dependent attenuation
Fig. 143 Dialog for positioning the telephone
Fig. 144 Dialog for saving modified attenuation values
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Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers
Fig. 145 Dialog for importing values from the "TAC dependent attenuation" database
Fig. 146 Procedure for shortcut dependent attenuation values
Fig. 147 Service procedure for mobile phones

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18 Additional Information
Please send any comments or suggestions concerning this
Application Note to TM-Applications@rsd.rohde-schwarz.com.

1CM69

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Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers

19 Ordering Information
The following table describes a typical configuration for the R&S
CMU200 universal radio communication tester and the R&S
CMU200V10 high-end service tester. Out of the options available as
part of the R&SCMU200 platform, only those relevant in service
applications are listed here. The mobile radio standards GSM /
WCDMA and CDMA2000 (including HSDPA and 1xEvDO) are taken
into account along with the Bluetooth® standard.
Legend for the options table:
Required option for functioning of the standard.
Option installed as standard (applies to the R&S CMU200V10; software options are
activated after the required hardware has been installed.
Selectable option for expanding the functionality of the base unit.
Not applicable.

CMU200V10

CMU-B11 (1)

Base unit for universal radio communication
tester with the following accessories: power
cord, operating and service manual for
instrument.

-

-

Bluetooth
®

-

cdma2000

R&S® CMU200V10
(High-End Service Tester)
WCDMA /
HSDPA

CMU200

Bluetooth
®

Description

cdma2000

Type R&S®

WCDMA /
HSDPA

GSM/GPR
S/EDGE

R&S® CMU200
(Universal Radio
Communication Tester)

GSM/GPR
S/EDGE

-

1100.0008.02

Base unit for high-end service tester,
including OCXO (R&S® CMU-B12) and
software options for GSM/GPRS/EDGE,
WCDMA and cdma2000. (Functionality is
activated by adding the corresponding
hardware.)

-

-

-

1100.0008.10

-7

Reference OCXO, aging 2x10 /year.

-

-

-

-

1100.5000.02

-8

CMU-B12 (1)

High-stability OCXO, aging 3.5x10 /year.
Oven crystal with highest long-term stability.

CMU-B21

Universal signaling unit. Includes signaling
module for GSM/GPRS/EGPRS.

CMU-B41

Audio generator and analyzer. Includes audio
frequency (AF) generator, voltmeter,
distortion meter.

1100.5100.02
-

-

1100.5200.54

1100.5300.02

CMU-B52

Internal versatile multimode speech
coder/decoder; R&S® CMU-B21 necessary

CMU-B53

Bluetooth® extension. R&S® CMU-B21
necessary.

-

CMU-B56

WCDMA (3GPP FDD) signaling module for
R&S® CMU-B21 var14.

-

-

-

-

-

-

CMU-B68

Versatile baseband board for WCDMA
(3GPP FDD) Layer-1, DL and UL, nonsignaling.

-

-

-

-

-

-

CMU-B83

cdma2000 1X signaling unit.

-

-

-

-

-

-

CMU-B85

8k/13k QCELP, 8k EVRC speech codec for
R&S® CMU-B83 cdma2000 signaling unit.

-

-

-

-

-

-

CMU-B89

1xEV-DO signaling module
(requires R&S® CMU-B83/V22)

-

-

-

-

-

-

1CM69

Order
number

-

-

-

-

-

1100.5400.14

-

1100.5700.14
1150.1850.14

1149.9809.02

96

1150.0301.22
1100.7002.22
1159.3090.02

Rohde & Schwarz

extension for R&S® CMU-Z10.02 CRT-Z3 3G UICC/USIM test card for UMTS. (2) If you order one of the software packages R&S® CMU-PK20 to -PK100 and -PK800.1005.02 - - - 1159. -K29) - - - - CMU-PK800 (2) Software package for R&S® CMU200: 1xEVDO signaling 450 MHz.1200.9005.1008. TX test.5000. -K28. 1CM69 1139.02 - - 1159. One of two OCXOs should be installed to ensure high frequency accuracy.5309.02 1159.6907. GSM1800. -K84. covering requirements of current BCCH by GSM/GPRS/EGPRS CMU-B99 RF1 level range identical to RF2.8700. you do not need to separately order the signaling software included with these packages.02 (1) R&S® CMU-B11 or R&S® CMU-B12 possible. PCS. -K59) CMU-K64 - - - 1159. GSM1900 and GSM850 for loopback mode.4477.Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers CMU-B95 2nd Tx RF channel. extension for R&S® CMU-Z10. required for BER and other applications CRT-Z2 - - - - - - 1039. or an external frequency reference may be used (if available). -K42) CMU-PK60 (2) Software package for R&S® CMU200 including WCDMA signaling: 3GPP/FDD/UE.02 1150. -K61.1250.3403. -K24. CMU-Z13 USB feed-through for R&S® CMU-Z10 - - - - - - - - - - - 1150. -K27. CMU-K47 R&S Smart Alignment for GSM/WCDMA and CDMA2000 - - CMU-K48 I/Q versus SLOT measurement for adjustment of polar modulators - - CMU-K53 Bluetooth® test software. CMU-PK20 (2) Software package for R&S® CMU200 including GSM850 + 900 + 1800 + 1900 + GPRS signaling (R&S® CMU-K21.3970.3303.3355. 1150.02 97 Rohde & Schwarz .02 - - - - 1200.6Mbps for R&S® CMU200V02 - - - - CMU-U62 3. IMT2000 BANDS (requires R&S® CMU-B83/V22.02 1157. CMU-K43 EGPRS classic (EDGE) signaling test software for all GSM test software packages. -K62. -PK80. -K85. - CMU-Z10 Antenna coupler 900 MHz / 1700 MHz to 2200 MHz.6 Mbit/s HSDPA functionality for R&S® CMU200V10 and R&S® CMU200V30 (installation by Rohde&Schwarz service only) - - - - - CMU-PK80 (2) Software package for R&S® CMU200 including CDMA2000 band 450 MHz + PCS + cellular + IMT2000.02 1159. -K57.1043.02 - - - - - 1159. -K23.02 - - 1115. -K22.0504. DL generator.02 CMU-Z12 Bluetooth® antenna. -K67.02 GSM/GPRS test SIM for GSM900. -PK60. -K58.02 1157.0801. R&S® CMU-B89) - CMU-PK100 (2) Software package for R&S® CMU200 including GSM/GPRS/EGPRS + WCDMA + CDMA2000 + 1XEV-DO + AMPS + IS136 (R&S® CMU-PK20.02 CMU-Z11 RF-shielded cover. cellular.0609. -K86. analog AMPS (R&S® CMU-K83. 1150.02 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HSDPA@ 3. band 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9 (R&S® CMU200-K68. -K43. -K69. -K63. -K88) - - - 1115.3455.02 - - 1157.02 - - 1200.

Testing Mobile Phones Using Antenna Couplers ROHDE & SCHWARZ GmbH & Co. Internet: http://www.B. P. KG .rohde-schwarz. D-81614 Munich . 1CM69 98 Rohde & Schwarz . Fax (+4989) 4129 .com This Application Note and the supplied programs may only be used subject to observance of the conditions of use set forth in the download area of the Rohde & Schwarz website. 80 14 69 .13777 . Tel (+4989) 4129 -0 . D-81671 Munich . Mühldorfstraße 15 .O.