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You are on page 1of 3

No of Pages : 3

Roll No:

(To be filled in by the candidate)

PSG COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, COIMBATORE - 641 004

SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS,

12P305

Semester: 3 / 4

Time : 3 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS:

Answer any FOUR questions from GROUP II.

Answer any ONE question from GROUP III.

Ignore the box titled as Answers for Group III in the Main Answer Book.

Moodys Chart, Fluid properties and Minor loss coefficient tables are to be brought

by the candidate to the exam hall.

6. Graph Sheet is to be provided.

7. State the assumptions wherever necessary while answering Group II and III

GROUP - I

Marks : 10 x 3 = 30

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1. The absolute pressure in a liquid of constant density doubles when the depth is doubled.

State true or false and justify the answer.

2. The stream function for a two dimensional flow is given by = 2 x y. Calculate the

velocity at the point P (2, 3). Find the velocity potential function .

3. Write the meaning of no slip condition.

4. For a 2D flow, Show that the shear stress on a plane is proportional to the velocity

gradient perpendicular to the plane.

5. A piping system involves two pipes of different diameter (but of identical length, material,

roughness) connected in series. Compare the flow rates and pressure drops in these two

pipes. Ignore minor losses.

6. Write the primary dimensions of

8. If velocity distribution in laminar boundary layer over a flat plate is assumed to be a

second order polynomial u = a+by+cy2, determine the constants using necessary

boundary conditions.

9. Choose whether the following statement is true or false and justify the answer. At the

pumps free delivery efficiency of the pump is zero.

10. What are the primary differences between a positive displacement and dynamic turbo

machine?

Page No: 1

465

No of Pages : 3

GROUP - II

Marks : 4 x 12.5 = 50

the manometer liquid is oil (S = 0.80); h1 = 300

mm; h2 = 20 mm; h3 = 600 mm. a) determine PAPB in Pascal. (b) If PB= 50 kPa and the barometer

reading is 730 mm of Hg, find the absolute

pressure at A, in meters of water.

(6.5)

unknown liquid whose density is 960 kg/m3 and it is

observed that the liquid rises 5 mm in the tube, making a contact angle of 15.

Determine the surface tension of the liquid.

(6)

12. A velocity field is given by V = (Ax + B)i Ayj, where A= 3 m2/s and B = 6 m/s. Find the

equation of the streamline passing through the point (0.3, 0.6) and plot the stream line

for at least 6 points (take equal increments between x = 0 to 0.5).

13. The stream wise velocity component of a steady, incompressible, laminar, flat plate

boundary layer of boundary layer thickness is approximated by the sine wave profile

u(y) = U sin(y / 2). Generate expressions for displacement thickness and momentum

thickness as functions of , based on this sine wave approximation.

14. A Francis turbine with an overall efficiency of 75% is required to produce 150 kW at the

shaft. It is working under a head of 7.62 m. The wheel runs at 150 rpm and the hydraulic

losses in the turbine are 22% of the available energy. Assuming radial discharge,

determine (a) guide blade angle (b) vane angle at inlet (c) diameter of the wheel at the

inlet (d) width of the wheel at the inlet. Take peripheral velocity = 0.26(2gH)

1/2

and

15. All pipes in figure shown below are 8 cm diameter cast iron. The fluid is water at 20C.

Determine the flow rate from reservoir 1 if valve C is a) fully closed; b) open (K = 0.5).

Page No: 2

465

No of Pages : 3

GROUP - III

Marks : 1 x 20 = 20

16. A Pelton wheel nozzle with Cv = 0.97, is 400m below the water surface of a lake. The jet

diameter is 80 mm, the pipe diameter is 0.6 m with a total length of 4 km and friction

factor = 0.032. The buckets deflect the jets through 165 and they run at 0.48 times the

jet speed. The relative velocity at outlet is reduced by 15% of the relative velocity at the

inlet due to bucket friction. Assuming 90% mechanical efficiency, find the flow rate and

shaft power developed by the turbine.

17. Derive the momentum integral equation for a flat plate boundary layer. For the following

velocity profile, evaluate */ and /.

0<y

<y

/END/

FD/JU

Page No: 3

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