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Grammar Practice Book

British English
Susannah Reed

Contents
A newspaper article
Aims

Pupils read and write a newspaper article. They learn to use the past continuous to describe
longerevents in the past which are interrupted.

Flyers
grammar

I was (having a scuba-diving lesson). | We were (looking at an octopus) when (our instructor
gavethe danger signal). | My dad (didnt come) because he was (playing tennis).

Flyers
vocabulary

bright, passenger, journalist, horrible, several, suddenly, away, through, entrance, until, began, pull,
anything, lucky, lie, fetch, post ofce, fall over, police ofcer, push, re engine, secret, corner, swan,
century, past, something

2 A magazine interview
Aims
Ai

Pupils read and write a magazine interview. They learn to use tag questions to check information.

Flyers
grammar

Youre a (digital artist), arent you? | She isnt (good at drawing people), is she? | Sarah likes
(drawing dog portraits), doesnt she?

Flyers
vocabulary

unusual, sell, screen, post, wife, married, hope, information, member

3 Rules for a game


Aims
Ai

Pupils read rules for games and make up some of their own. They learn to use the zero conditional
for rules that are always the same.

Flyers
grammar

If you (hit the balloon), you (score a point). | (The game ends) when (the chaser catches everyone).

Flyers
vocabulary

keep, score, minutes, also, ngers, everyone, post, whistle, toes, something

4 A poem
Aims

Pupils read and write a poem. They learn to talk about how things make them feel.

Flyers
grammar

What makes me (happy)? | (The smell of cake) makes me (hungry).

Flyers
vocabulary

suitcase, wish, leave, believe, popular

Classied adverts
5 C
Aims
Ai

Pupils read and understand classied adverts. They learn to use the present perfect to talk about their
general experiences and interview a partner to see if their experiences match up with a job advert.

Flyers
grammar

Have you ever (wanted to play the trumpet)? Yes, I have. / No, I havent. | Ive / I havent (cooked
a curry). | (David) has/hasnt (climbed a volcano).

Flyers
vocabulary

cheap, popular, college, tonight, chopsticks, university, hour, expensive, waiter, uniform, spend,
surname, sell, camel, swing, golf, speak

6 A travel diary
Aims
Ai

Pupils read and write a travel diary. They learn to use the present perfect with adverbs and
prepositions to talk about the recent past.

Flyers
grammar

Ive been here since (Saturday) / for (four days). | Ive just/already (met the team). | I havent
(been to the dig) yet. | I still havent (found a dinosaur bone).

Flyers
vocabulary

dinosaur, ago, engineer, hill, gold, fall over, lift, extinct, million, large, lucky, silver, thousand, past

Page
4

10

12

14

Page

7 A story
Aims

Pupils read and make up their own story. They learn to use the conjunction so, and to talk about
things that happen as a result of something else.

Flyers
grammar

Casey (wanted some strawberries), so (she planted some seeds).

Flyers
vocabulary

jam, no one, herself, sugar, without, repair, pocket, chemists, channel, gloves, tights, whisper,
mechanic, next, something, else

8 A report
Aims
A
i

Pupils read and write a report about a school trip. They learn to talk about what things are made of.

Flyers
grammar

(Roundhouses) were made of (wood). | Whats your (ruler) made of? Its made of (plastic).

Flyers
vocabulary

information, wood, large, also, middle, through, over, our, actually, headteacher, comb, metal,
such, knife, silver, gold, during, next, else

A story from history


Aims
Ai

Pupils read a story from history and write about a piece of treasure from their own country. They
learn to use clauses with before and after.

Flyers
grammar

They had a long way to travel before they reached the castle. | The King never recovered after he
lost his treasure.

Flyers
vocabulary

rich, popular, steal, crown, gold, silver, journey, suddenly, over, enough, fall over, piece, something,
tomorrow

An experiment
0 A
Aims

Pupils read about an experiment and make up an experiment of their own. They learn to talk
aboutwhat things look, smell, taste or feel like.

Flyers
grammar

What does it (look) like? | Does it (smell) like (butter)? | It (tastes) like (chocolate). | It (sounds)
like a (cat).

Flyers
vocabulary

butter, jam, full, minute, middle, empty, spoon, salt, normal, piece, keep, fridge, our, once, twice,
pepper, fork, prepare, something

A survey
Aims
Ai

Pupils read and write a questionnaire about predictions for the future. They learn to use will and
wont for making predictions. They conduct a group survey and show the results in a bar chart.

Flyers
grammar

People will (read e-books). | They wont (read books). | Will people (read books)? Yes, they will. /
No, they wont. | I think people will/wont have robot pets.

Flyers
vocabulary

future, conversation, everyone, speak, secretary, improve, no one, exams, university, married, else

2 A letter
Aims
A
i

Pupils read and write a letter responding to an invitation. They learn to use might and may to
talkabout things that are possible in the future.

Flyers
grammar

I (may) come by train. | Uncle Michael (might) come.

Flyers
vocabulary

college, hope, bridge, date, meeting, alone, taxi, railway, make sure, perhaps, leave, mind, until,
future, envelope

Flyers dictionary

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1
Look

below!

A newspaper article
What did Josh see when he was scuba-diving?
Read the newspaper article.

SHARK ALARM!
There was drama in Bright Bay this morning,
when passengers on a boat trip rescued some young
scuba-divers. Our journalist, Robert Cliff, spoke to one
of the children, Josh Thomson, aged 11.
It was horrible. I was having a scuba-diving lesson with
my sister and my mum. My dad didnt come because he
was playing tennis.
At first, everything was fine. We saw several beautiful
creatures and underwater plants. We were looking at an
octopus when suddenly our instructor gave the danger
signal. There was a shark! It was quite far away, but it
was swimming towards us.

Read and match.


2
3
4
5

Luckily we were scuba-diving near a cave. We swam


through the entrance and we waited inside until the
shark went away. Then we saw a boat and we began
swimming towards it. But we had to swim quickly
because the shark was following us again.
Some people pulled us into the boat and we came back
to the beach. When we got back, Dad was reading his
book. He didnt see anything!
Thanks Josh. What a lucky escape!

Josh was having a scuba-diving lesson with


His dad didnt go with them because
They were looking at an octopus when
They swam to the boat quickly because
When they got back to the beach

a
b
c
d
e

Joshs father was reading a book.


his sister and his mum.
he was playing tennis.
their instructor saw a shark.
the shark was following them.

Use the chart to make sentences about yourself. Play True or false?

I was

lying in bed

my friend arrived.

watching television

the doorbell rang.

fetching the register

I fell over.

walking home from school

when

I met a police ofcer.

going to the post ofce

somebody pushed me.

shopping with my family

I saw a re engine.

listening to music

I heard a noise.
On Saturday I was shopping with my
family when I met a police officer.

False!

Past continuous

Imagine youre a journalist. Choose one


of these headlines and make notes.

2
3

Children find secret tunnel in corner of their


playground
Lightning strikes school in New Town
Swans attack dog in Century Park

Who experienced it?

Talk about longer events in


the past that are interrupted:
I was having a scuba-diving
lesson.
We were looking at an octopus
when our instructor gave the
danger signal.
My dad didnt come because
he was playing tennis.

What were they doing at the time?

What did they do then?

Now write a newspaper article.


Include a quote from someone involved in the story.

Now interview your partner about the story in their news article.
What happened?

Lightning struck our school.

What were you doing at the time?

We were having a lesson.

And what did you do then?

We had to go into the hall. The school called


our parents and we went home early.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and write a newspaper article.
I can say what someone was doing when something happened.
I can ask and answer about events in the past.
I can interview someone.

2
Look

below!

A magazine interview
What is Sarah good at?
Read the magazine interview.

Hi, Sarah. Youve got an


unusual hobby, havent you?

No, I dont. Im not very good


at drawing people. Im better
at drawing animals. I draw
portraits of peoples pets. I draw
dogs, cats, tortoises, snakes
and even spiders. I like drawing
dogs best.

Yes, this is my Uncle Richards


dog. Its name is Snoopy. I drew
this portrait and gave it to my
uncle and his wife when they
got married. They were very
surprised. And I hope Snoopy
p
was pleased!

Yes, I am. I can draw on paper,


but I prefer using a digital
drawing tool. You can put your
drawing onto a laptop and edit
it on screen. Then its easy to
make copies or to post it online.

Read and match.


2
3
4
5

This is one of your portraits,


isntit?

Youre a digital artist,


arentyou?

Well, kind of. Im quite good at


Art and I like drawing. I draw
portraits for my friends and
family. I usually give them as
presents, but sometimes I sell
them.

You dont draw portraits of


people, do you?

Sarahs good at Art,


She doesnt draw portraits of people,
Sarah likes drawing dogs best,
Uncle Richard hasnt got a cat,
Uncle Richard and his wife liked the portrait,

has he?
isnt she?
didnt they?
does she?
doesnt she?

Complete the tag questions. Then ask your class. How many yes answers
canyou get?
Youre good at

Youve got a

You can
Last weekend, you went to

you?

You dont like

a
b
c
d
e

you?
,

you?

you?
,

you?

Tag questions

Complete the sentences about a friends hobby.


My friend likes
2

He/She

He/She doesnt

He/Shes got

Last week, he/she

.
every

.
.
.
.

Use tag questions to check information:


Youre a digital artist, arent you?
She isnt good at drawing people, is she?
Sarah likes drawing dog portraits, doesnt she?
Uncle Richard hasnt got a cat, has he?
You went to the cinema, didnt you?

Now write four tag questions to your friend


d for a magazine
mag
gazine article.
article.

Interview your friend. Write their answers into the magazine article.
You like scuba-diving, dont you?

Yes, I do. I go scuba-diving with a club.

Youre a member of a club, arent you?

Yes, I am. We go scuba-diving every month


inthe summer. We dont go in the winter.

Youve got an underwater


camera, havent you?

Yes, I have. I like taking photos of sea


animals. Ive got a photo of an octopus.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and write a magazine interview.
I can ask and answer tag questions.
I can check what I know using tag questions.
I can interview my friend about their hobby.

3
Lets
start!

Rules for a game


What games do you play in the playground?
Read the blog about playground games.

Do you ever get bored in the


playground? Here are two of
Class 6Rs favourite games.
Why dont you try them?

Stuck in the mud


You need four players or more.
One player is the chaser. He or she
has to chase the others and catch
them. If the chaser catches someone,
they have to stand still. (They are
stuck in the mud.) They put their
arms out and hold out their fingers. If
another player touches their fingers,
they are free again. But the other
players have to be careful. If the
chaser catches them, they are stuck
too! The game ends when the chaser
catches everyone. Then another
player becomes the chaser.

Balloon volleyball
You need two players and a balloon.
You have to keep the balloon in the
air. If you hit the balloon, you score
a point. If you miss the balloon,
you lose two points. The winner
is the player with the most points
after five minutes. (You also win the
game if the other player bursts the
balloon!)

Have you got a


favourite game?
Post them to us here.

Read and complete the rules. Then say which game they belong to.
balloon fingers hit chaser mud catches win touches everyone score
If the chaser

you, you have to stand still.

You

the game if the other player bursts the

The game ends when the

You

Players are free from the

one point if you

.
the balloon.

if another player

their

Read and complete to make true sentences about you and your friends.
If its snowy, we

catches

If its sunny, we

If its rainy, we

When were at my house, we

If/When clauses (zero conditional)

Whats your favourite sport or playground


game? Ask and answer.
Whats the game called?

How many players do you need?

Do you need any other equipment?

How do you play?

Talk about rules that are


always the same:
If you hit the balloon, you
score a point.
You win the game if the other
player bursts the balloon.
The game ends when the
chaser catches everyone.

Write instructions for your favourite game.

Now ask a partner about their game.


Whats your game called?

Its called Playground safari.

What do you need to play?

Nothing. Just two players or more.


And a playground!

How do you play?

Its easy. You look for different animals.


If you see a bird, you whistle. If you find a
spider, you touch your toes. Things like that.

It sounds fun.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and understand the rules for a game.
I can say what happens if or when you do something.
I can read and write a blog posting.
I can write rules for a game.
I can ask a friend how to play a game.

4
Lets
start!

A poem
What makes you happy?
Read the poem.

What makes me happy?


A trip with a friend
A funny weekend
A walk in the rain
Coming home again
Thats what makes me happy.
What makes me excited?
Packing a suitcase
Winning a race
Making a wish
My favourite dish
Thats what makes me excited.
What makes me angry?
Losing my things
When my brother sings
If my dog bites
When people have fights
Thats what makes me angry.

Read and write true or false.


Mark likes being with his
friends.
2

What makes me sad?


Leaving my friends
When a holiday ends
My cat getting lost
My mum getting cross
Thats what makes me sad.
Mark

He doesnt think his brother


can sing well.

He hasnt got any pets.

Holidays make him sad.

Mark doesnt like rainy days.

Read and choose the correct words. Then compare with a friend.
2
3
4
5
6

The smell of cake makes me angry / hungry / thirsty.


A hot and sunny day makes animals sad / thirsty / worried.
People shouting at me makes me thirsty / happy / angry.
Moving school makes people sad / bored / excited.
Staying up late makes me angry / worried / tired.
Going to a party makes us all sad / happy / hungry.
Does the smell of cake make you hungry?

10

Yes, it does.

Make someone/something (happy)

Find and circle the rhyming words in the poem.


Then match the rhyming words in the box.
snow
walk
holiday
make
night
food ill
talk
school mood
believe
see
go
me
play
light
leave
mistake still pool

Talk about how things


make you feel:
What makes (me) happy?
A trip with a friend.
Holidays make him sad.
Does the smell of cake
make you hungry? Yes,
it does. / No, it doesnt.

Write a verse of a poem. Use rhyming words if you can.

Choose a question and ask some friends. What are the most popular answers?
What makes you happy?

What makes you happy?

What makes you sad?


What makes you angry?

Holidays make me happy.

Me too.

What makes you tired?

Holidays make most of us happy.


Animals make George happy.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and write a poem.
I can say what makes people feel a certain way.
I can identify rhyming words.
I can ask people about their feelings.

11

5
Look

below!

Classified adverts
Which item is for sale?

Cookery lessons

Read the classified adverts.


For sale
Have you ever wanted to
learn the saxophone? Yes,
you have? Well now you
can! Saxophone for sale
at a very cheap price. 200
US dollars or near offer.
Call Helen 080 2623 today!

Have you ever made sushi? Have you ever


eaten with chopsticks? Would you like to try?
A university student from Japan is
offering cookery lessons. Email
Yoko@cooking now. Each lesson
takes an hour and they arent expensive
give it a try!

Waiter needed for new restaurant


No experience needed. Uniform provided.
Call 080 9766 now.

Wanted Keyboard player


Can you play the keyboard? Have you
ever played in a concert? A popular
school pop band are looking for a new
keyboard player. Our first concert is at
Broom College. Come and join Dream
Machine. Call tonight 080 4567.

Photography competition
Have you ever spent the night
in a rainforest? Have you ever
climbed a volcano? Enter our
competition and win a trip to Brazil.
Send a photo of your favourite natural
landscape to www.natphot.com today. Include
your surname on the form. Good luck!

Now read the adverts again and answer the questions.


Who is selling the saxophone?

What is the pop band called?

Where is the university student from?

What job can you apply for?

What type of competition is it?

What have you done? Make questions and ask your friend. Then tell the class.
Have you ever cooked a curry?

played the saxophone

12

cooked a curry

won a game of chess

eaten with chopsticks

been in a pop band

watched a concert

No, I havent. But Ive eaten one.

climbed a volcano
ridden a camel
made a rope swing

camped in a rainforest
made a birthday cake
played golf

Present perfect

What experience do you need for this job?


Read the classified advert and circle.

SUMMER CAMP HELPER NEEDED


Must be able to cook
Must be able to speak English and Spanish

Talk about experiences:


Have you ever played in a concert?
Yes, I have.
Have you ever made sushi?
No, I havent.
Ive made a birthday cake.
Ben hasnt eaten with chopsticks.

Must have experience of camping outside


Must have experience of rock-climbing
and water sports
Must like children and playing games

Join our friendly team.


Apply to Camp International.

Write six interview questions for a summer camp helper.

Now interview your partner for the job. Have they got the right experience?
Can you speak English?
Have you ever been kayaking?

Yes, I can.
Yes, I have. I go kayaking a lot.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can say what I have or havent done.
I can ask other people what theyve done.
I can read and understand a classified advert.
I can write a questionnaire and interview a friend.

13

6
Look

below!

A travel diary
What does Katy find?
Read the travel diary.
Katy Kelly loves dinosaurs. A month ago she went to visit the Project
Dinosaur team. This is her travel diary.
Monday 15th March
Ive been here since Saturday. I havent been to the dinosaur dig yet, but
Ive already met the team from Project Dinosaur. They are scientists and
engineers. They are all very friendly. Were staying in a tent near the dig.
Wednesday 16th March
Ive been here for four days now. I still havent found a dinosaur bone, but
Im having a very interesting time. This morning we started to dig in the
hills near our camp. I found a gold ring.
Friday 18th March
Ive just found my first dinosaur bone! I was helping the team and I fell
over something. I lifted it up and it was a bone from a dinosaurs leg!
The team think its from a Giganotosaurus. Its been extinct for 97 million
years. Its the largest bone I have ever seen. Arent I lucky?

Read and correct the sentences.


Its Monday. Katy has been at the camp for four days.
Its Monday. Katy hasnt met the team from Project Dinosaur yet.

Its Wednesday. Katy has found a silver ring.

Its Friday. Katy still hasnt found a dinosaur bone.

Giganotosaurus has been extinct for 7 thousand years.

Make sentences about yourself. Say true or false.


I still havent

this morning.

I havent

Ive already

Ive been at school for

Ive just

Ive been in this English class since

Ive already had breakfast this morning.


I havent got dressed yet.

14

yet.

True.
False.

Adverbs and prepositions (just/already/yet/still, for/since)

Think of an exciting trip. Answer the questions.

Talk about the recent past:


Ive been here since Saturday.
Ive been here for four days.
I havent been to the dig yet.
Ive already met the team.
I still havent found a dinosaur bone.
Ive just found my rst dinosaur bone.

Where would you like to go?

Where would you like to stay?

What would you like to see or find there?

Now write a travel diary.

Imagine its Friday. Interview your partner about their travel diary.
When did you arrive?
How long have you been in the camp?
What did you find on Wednesday?
What have you just found today?

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and write a travel diary.
I can say what Ive just or already done.
I can say what I still havent done or havent done yet.
I can say how long Ive been somewhere.
I can interview a friend about their experiences.

15

A story

Look

What did Casey grow?

below!

Read the story.

Strawberry jam
Casey Elliott was very hardworking, but she lived with some lazy cousins.
One day, Casey bought some strawberry seeds. She wanted to plant them, so
sheasked her cousins to help.
Who can help me plant these seeds? asked Casey.
But no one wanted to help her, so Casey planted the seeds all by herself.
Casey watered her seeds every day, so they grew into big plants. The
strawberries became big and juicy, so she wanted to pick them.
Who can help me pick the strawberries? asked Casey.
But no one wanted to help her, so she picked the strawberries all by herself.
There were a lot of strawberries, so Casey decided to make some jam.
Who can help me make some jam? asked Casey.
But no one wanted to help her, so Casey found some sugar and she made the
jam all by herself.
The jam smelt delicious, so her cousins came into the kitchen.
Yum. Can we have some? they asked.
No, said Casey. I made it without your help. And now Im going to eat it
allby myself.
And so she did.

Read and order the sentences from the story.


a

Her cousins didnt want to help, so she planted the seeds by herself.

She had a lot of strawberries, so she made them into jam.

Casey wanted some strawberries, so she planted some seeds.

d The jam smelt delicious, so her cousins wanted to eat it.

The strawberries grew big and juicy, so Casey picked them.

Casey said no because her cousins didnt help her.

Read and match the sentence halves so they make sense.


2
3
4
5
6

16

The TV programme was very boring,


My mum needed some medicine,
My dad needed to repair his car,
The baby was asleep,
My keys fell out of my pocket,
It was a very cold day,

a
b
c
d
e
f

so we went to buy it at the chemists.


so we changed the channel.
so I wore gloves and tights.
so we had to whisper when we talked.
so I had to go and look for them.
so he took it to a mechanic.

Conjunction so

Think of your own story. Answer the


questions and make a storyboard.

Talk about things that happen


as a result of something else:

Who is the main story character?

Casey wanted some strawberries,


so she planted some seeds.

What do they want to make or do?


What happens at the end of the story?

How does your main character win?


Who doesnt want to help?

What does your main character do?

Now write your story.

Talk about your story with a friend.


Who is the story about?

Its about a boy who wants to


learn to play the drums.

What happens first?

He doesnt know how to play the drums,


so he asks his friend for lessons.

What happens next?

He has to practise by himself.

What else happens?

He joins a band.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can understand the sequence of events in a story.
I can describe something that happens as a result of something else.
I can write a story.
I can ask and answer about the events in a story.

17

8
Lets
start!

A report
Where have you been on trips with your school?
Read the report of a school trip.
Last week we went to visit Butser Ancient Farm. We wanted to find
out information about life in the Iron Age.
First of all we went into an Iron Age style roundhouse. Roundhouses
were made of wood, mud and straw and the roofs were made of
straw. Large families lived inside the roundhouse and their animals
lived outside.
There were no windows, so it was dark inside the roundhouse.
It was also smoky because there was an open fire in the middle of the
room. The smoke from the fire went out through the straw in the roof.
We cooked Iron Age bread over the fire. The bread was made of flour
and water. It took a long time to cook, but it actually tasted quite nice.
Then our headteacher got dressed in Iron Age clothes. They were
made of wool, and sometimes animal skin. She showed us an Iron Age
comb too. In the afternoon, she helped us to make jewellery out of
metal.
It was such an interesting trip. We want to go again one day!

Read and match.


2
3
4
5

Roundhouses were made of


Iron Age roofs were made of
Bread was made of
Clothes were made of
Jewellery was made of

flour and water.


metal wire.
straw.
wool and animal skins.
wood, straw and mud.

What are these things made of? Choose, ask and answer.
pencil
ruler
chair
book
knife
window
jewellery
jumper

Whats your ruler made of?

18

a
b
c
d
e

wood
metal
plastic paper
silver
gold
wool glass

Its made of plastic.

Be made of

Think of a trip to a historic place. Answer


thequestions.
Where did you go?

What did you see during your trip?

What were things made of?

What activities did you do?

Now write a report of your trip.

Ask your partner about their trip.

Talking about what things


are made of:
Roundhouses were made of
wood, mud and straw.
Whats your ruler made of?
Its made of plastic.

What did you do first?

What was it / were they made of?

What did you do next?

What else did you do?

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can say what things are made of.
I can ask and answer about what things are made of.
I can read and write a report.
I can ask a friend about their report.

19

9
Lets
start!

A story from history


What treasure have you seen in museums?
Read the story about King Johns treasure.

King John ruled England from 1199 to 1216. He was rich and he had a lot of treasure.
He wasnt a popular king, so he was always worried people wanted to steal his crown
jewels. He took his gold and silver with him when he travelled.
One cold, dark night, King John and his men were travelling back home. They still had a
long journey before they reached the castle. The King was ill and he wanted to get home
quickly. They came to a very big beach, called the Wash, and King John decided to take
a short cut across it. The tide was out, and the King thought they could cross the sands
before the tide came in.
It was a big mistake. The tide changed and the sea came in suddenly over the King
and his men. They had to escape quickly, but they werent quick enough. The carts and
wagons with the treasure fell over. The Kings treasure disappeared into the Wash.
The King never recovered after he lost his treasure. He died two weeks later. But what
happened to the treasure? It has never been found.

Read and write true or false.


King John always hid his gold and silver before he travelled.

The King wanted to take a short cut so he could get home quickly.

The King crossed the Wash before the tide came in.

The King couldnt save his treasure from the Wash.

The King died after he lost his treasure.

Some people found the treasure after the King died.

Complete the sentences with before or after.


We have breakfast
2

You should have a shower

I felt sad

We always get excited

youve played sport.


my friend moved house.
we go on holiday.

we finish dinner, I always help with the washing up.

20

we come to school.

I like reading a book

I go to sleep.

Before/after clauses

Think of a real piece of treasure you have seen. Answer the questions.

Talk about things that


happened before and after
something else:
They had a long way to travel
before they reached the castle.
The King never recovered after
he lost his treasure.

What is the treasure?


2

Whats it made of?

Where did people find it?

Who did it belong to?

Write the story behind your piece of treasure. Then read it to a friend.
Do they agree?

Would you like to do a treasure hunt? Plan one with a friend and write
someclues.
When shall we do the treasure hunt?

Lets do it tomorrow.

What shall we hide?

Lets hide some small toys.

Where shall we hide them?

Lets hide them in the playground.

What clues can we write?

Lets write some rhyming clues.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read a story from history.
I can describe things that happened before or after something else.
I can write the story behind a piece of treasure.
I can plan a treasure hunt with a friend.

21

10 An experiment
Look

below!

What can you make in this experiment?

Read the instructions for the experiment.


What can you do when you run out of butter at home? Why not
makeyour own? You need some cream and a jam jar.
1 Pour some cream into the jar. Only fill the jar half full. Then put the top
on thejar.
2 Shake the jar up and down for 15 minutes. The cream must hit the top
and bottom of the jar. Dont stop shaking the jar! Take turns with a friend
if you need to.
3 Now look into the jar. What does the cream look like? Is there a solid
lump in the middle of some white liquid? Empty the liquid out of the jar. Does the lump look like butter? Does
it smell like butter? Well, it nearly is butter!
4 Squeeze all the liquid out of the butter with the back of a spoon. Add a little salt. Now taste it. What does it
taste like? If it tastes like normal butter, well done! Now you can eat it with a piece of bread or toast. Or you
can keep it in the fridge for ten days.

Read and correct the sentences.


You need flour and a jam jar to make butter.

You must only shake the jar once or twice.

You need to keep the white liquid in the jar.

The solid lump smells like pepper.

Squeeze the liquid out with a fork.

You cant keep the butter in the fridge.

Read and match.

It looks like a burger, but


it tastes like a cake.

22

It looks like a dog, but it


sounds like a cat.

Its a plant, but it smells


like rotting meat.

Theyre feathers, but they


feel like fur.

Look/smell/taste/sound/feel like

Choose a sensory experiment and prepare


the materials you need.

Make a feely box.


Put a few things inside the box. What do
they feel like? Ask your friends to guess.
Play a sound game.
Ask a friend to close their eyes. Then make
different noises. What do they sound like?
Play the smell game.
Ask a friend to smell different things with
their eyes closed. What do they smell like?

Talk about what things look,


smell, taste or sound like:
What does it look like?
Does it smell like butter?
It tastes like chocolate.
He sounds like a cat.

Now do the experiment with a friend.


What does it smell like?

It smells like cheese.

What do they feel like?

They feel like books.

Write the instructions for your sensory experiment.


ent.
Draw some pictures toillustrate it.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and follow instructions for how to make something.
I can ask and say what things look, smell, taste, sound or feel like.
I can write the instructions for a sensory experiment.
I can make butter in a jar.

23

11 A survey
Lets
start!

What will life be like in the future?


Read the sentences and tick what you think.

In the future
I agree

I dont agree

1
2
3
4

Astronauts will travel to Mars.


People wont read books. They will only read e-books.
People wont go shopping. They will do all their shopping online.
People wont have conversations. They will only communicate by
text oremail.
5 People will have holidays in space.
6 Scientists will discover life on other planets.
7 People wont send letters. We will communicate online.
8 People will have robot pets.
9 Everyone will live in eco-friendly homes.
10 People wont go to school. They will have virtual teachers.
11 Everyone will speak English.
12 Robot secretaries will work in offices.
13 Animals wont live in the wild. They will only live in zoos.
14 Life will improve for everyone.
15 No one will have to do exams.

Does your friend agree? Ask and answer.


Will people read books?
I dont agree. I think they will.
Yes, they will.

No, they wont.


Will astronauts travel to Mars?
I agree.

What will you do in the future? Read and circle. Then compare with a friend.
2
3

I will / wont live in this town.


I will / wont go to university.
I will / wont travel into space.

4
5
6

I will / wont travel round the world.


I will / wont get married.
I will / wont become a teacher.
Diego will go to university, but I wont.

24

Will/wont

What else do you think will happen? Write six


questions of your own for the questionnaire.

Now work in a group of six. Ask your questions


and tick the answers in your questionnaire.

Make predictions about


the future:
People will read e-books.
They wont read books.
Will people read books?
Yes, they will. / No, they
wont.
I think people will/wont
have robot pets.
I dont think well have
holidays in space.

Will teachers work online?


Yes, they will.

Now count the ticks for each yes answer.


Draw the results into a bar chart andtell the class.
Teachers will

Children will
3

Scientists will
Animals will

Robots will
will

0
teachers

children

scientists

animals

robots

Four of us think teachers will teach online.


No one thinks robots will get married.

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read and write a questionnaire.
I can think about what will happen in the future.
I can ask and answer about the future.
I can do a group survey and show the results in a bar chart.
I can present the results of my survey.

25

12 A letter
Look

below!

What does William want his uncle and aunt to do?


Read the letter.

William
Bur
22 Br idg ns
e Road
Eltham
W4 2XN

Dear William,
Thank you for the invitation to your concert. We would
both love to come, and Ive put the date in my diary. I will
definitely be there. Uncle Michael might come, but he might
have a meeting on Friday evening. So I may come alone.

Dear Aunt Betty and


Uncle Michael,
Please come to a music concert
At Downs College
On Friday 23rd April
At 6.00 in the evening
I hope you can come!
From William

I look forward to seeing you on Friday. Look after yourself


until then!
Love from Aunt Betty

Aunt Betty will / might go to the concert.


Uncle Michael may / wont go to the concert.
Aunt Betty will / might go by train.
Rex might / wont go to the concert.
Rex will / may stay at home.

Make true sentences about yourself. How many sentences can you make?
I will

I might

I may

I wont

I may play football tomorrow.

26

I wont bring Rex. Ill leave him at home, but he wont mind.
He doesnt like travelling and dogs wont be allowed at the
concert!

Read and choose the words.


2
3
4
5

Our car is broken at the moment, so I may come by train. I


will take a taxi from the railway station and I will make sure
I arrive at your house at about five oclock. Perhaps we can
walk to the school together.

I might go to bed early tonight.

Might/may

Think of an event. Complete the invitation.

Dear

Talk about things that are


certain and things that are
possible in the future:

and

I will denitely be there.


I may come by train.
Uncle Michael might come.
I wont bring Rex.

,
Please come to a
At
On
At

in the

From

Now reply to the invitation. Write a letter and address the envelope.

Plan a celebration with a friend.


What shall we do?

Lets have a

When shall we do/have it?

Lets have it on

Where shall we do/have it?

Lets have it at

Who shall we invite?

Lets invite

Learning to learn. Read and tick.


I can read a letter.
I can say what I will, may or might do in the future.
I can write an invitation.
I can understand and reply to an invitation.
I can write a letter and address an envelope.

27

Flyers dictionary
Use this dictionary to look up the words highlighted in blue in your booklet.
These words are all listed in the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) tests Flyers syllabus.

Aa
actually (adverb) used when saying something
is true: What actually happened?
ago (adverb) in the past: It happened a long
time ago.
alone (adverb) without other people: She lives
alone.
also (adverb) in addition: She speaks French
and also Spanish.
anything (pronoun) used in questions or
negatives to mean something: I couldnt see
anything in the dark. (Also anyone, anywhere.)
away (adverb) at a particular distance from
somewhere: The nearest town is ten miles away.

Bb
begin (verb) to start to happen: When does the
lm begin?
believe (verb) to think something is true: Do you
believe in monsters?
bridge (noun) a structure over a road or a river
for people to cross: Brooklyn Bridge
bright (adjective) having a strong light colour:
Itwas bright yellow.
butter (noun) a soft yellow food made from
milk or cream that you put on bread: Would you
like some bread and butter?

Cc
camel (noun) a large animal that lives in deserts
and has one or two humps on its back: Id like
to ride a camel in the desert one day.
century (noun) one hundred years: We live in
the 2 st century.
channel (noun) a number you can choose on
a television to watch programmes: Which
channel is your programme on?
cheap (adjective) costing less than usual: Our
car was very cheap. (The opposite is expensive.)
chemists (noun) a shop where you can buy
medicine: We went to the chemists to buy
some aspirin.

28

chopsticks (noun) a pair of narrow sticks that


are used for eating East Asian food: Can you eat
with chopsticks?
college (noun) a place where students study at
a higher level than school: Where did you go to
college?
comb (noun) a at piece of metal or plastic with
metal or plastic teeth which you use to tidy your
hair: Can you comb your hair, please?
conversation (noun) a talk between two or more
people: We had a conversation about football.
corner (noun) the area where two lines or roads
meet: Theres a postbox on the corner.
crown (noun) a round object made of gold and
jewels that a king or queen wears on their head:
The Queen was wearing her crown.

Dd
date (noun) a particular day of the month or
year: What date is it today?
dinosaur (noun) a very large animal that lived
millions of years ago: How did the dinosaurs die?
during (preposition) for a period of time: Emmas
usually at home during the day.

Ee
else (adverb) in addition to: What else would you
like to eat?
empty (adjective) with nothing inside: The glass
is empty. (The opposite is full.)
engineer (noun) someone who designs or builds
machines, roads and bridges, etc.: a mechanical
engineer
enough (quantier) as much as you need: Have
you had enough to eat?
entrance (noun) a door or other opening
that you use to go in somewhere: Wheres the
entrance? (The opposite is exit.)
envelope (noun) a at paper container for
a letter: Put the letter in the envelope.
everyone (pronoun) every person: I knew
everyone at the party. (Also everything,
everywhere.)

Flyers dictionary
exam (noun) a test of how much you know about
something: Ive got a Maths exam tomorrow.
expensive (adjective) costing a lot of money:
The holiday was very expensive. (The opposite
ischeap.)

herself (pronoun) alone or without anyone elses


help: She did it by herself. (Also himself, itself,
myself, yourself.)
hill (noun) a high area of land that is smaller
than a mountain: They climbed up the hill.

extinct (adjective) when no more of a type of


animal or bird is alive: Dinosaurs are extinct.

hope (verb) to want something to happen or


be true: I hope the bus comes soon.

Ff

horrible (adjective) very bad: Whats that


horrible smell?

fall over (verb) to fall from a standing position:


She fell over and hurt her knee.

hour (noun) sixty minutes: Our English lesson is


one hour long.

fetch (verb) to go to another place to collect


something: Can you fetch my glasses from the
bedroom, please?

Ii

few (quantier) a small number of: Ive only got


a few toys.
nger (noun) one of ve long parts at the end
of your hand: Ive got ten ngers.

improve (verb) to get better: The weather is


improving.
information (noun) facts about something: Do
you have any information about the museum?

re engine (noun) a vehicle used for carrying


re ghters and equipment to stop a large re:
Can you see the re engine?

Jj

our (noun) a powder made from grain that


is used to make cakes and biscuits: How much
our do we need?

journalist (noun) someone who writes the news:


My uncles a journalist.

fork (noun) a small tool with three or four points


and a handle, used to eat with (Also see knife
and spoon): Have you got a knife and fork?
fridge (noun) a large electrical cupboard that
keeps food cold: Put the milk in the fridge, please.
full (adjective) when a container has as much
or as many things in it as possible: Its a full
bottle ofmilk.
future (noun) the time that is to come: What
will life be like in the future?

Gg
gloves (noun) a piece of clothing for your hands
and ngers: a pair of gloves
gold (adjective/noun) a valuable, shiny yellow
metal used to make jewellery: Is your necklace
made of gold?

jam (noun) a sweet food made from fruit, that


you put on bread: a jar of strawberry jam

journey (noun) a trip from one place to another:


a train journey

Kk
keep (verb) to always have something: You can
keep that dress. Or to keep something in a place:
I keep milk in the fridge.
knife (noun) a sharp metal tool used for cutting:
a knife and fork (Also see fork and spoon.)

Ll
large (adjective) big: Ive got a large family.
leave (verb) to go away from a place: I leave
school at half past three.
lie (verb) to have your body in a at position:
Helay on the bed.
lift (verb) to put someone or something in
a higher position: She lifted the baby up.

golf (noun) a game you play by hitting a small


ball with a long thin stick into holes on a large
area of grass: Do you want to play golf?

lucky (adjective) having good things happen


to you: Youre lucky to live here.

Hh

Mm

headteacher (noun) the person in charge of


a school: The headteacher is called Mrs Smith.

make sure (verb) to take action so that


something happens: Make sure you close the
windows before you leave.

29

married (adjective) to be in a relationship with


someone as your husband or wife (The opposite
is single.): They got married last summer.
mechanic (noun) someone who repairs
machines: a car mechanic
meeting (noun) a time when people come
together for a reason: Were having a meeting
to talk about the school.
member (noun) a person who belongs to a
group: Hes a member of my football team.
metal (noun) a hard shiny material such as gold
or silver: My bike is made of metal.
middle (noun) the centre of something: We live
in the middle of town.
million (noun) the number ,000,000: a million
years ago
mind (verb) used when something isnt important
to you: I dont mind.
minute (noun) a period of sixty seconds: I was
ve minutes late this morning.

Nn
next (adjective) coming after this one: Im leaving
next week.
no one (pronoun) no person: There was no one
there. (Also nothing, nowhere.)
normal (adjective) usual and ordinary: It is
normal to be sad sometimes.

Oo
once (adverb) one time: I go swimming once
a week.
over (adjective and preposition) above or higher
than something: A huge plane ew over our
heads.

Pp
passenger (noun) someone travelling in a vehicle
but not driving it: train passengers
past (noun) a time before the present: People
didnt have the internet in the past.
pepper (noun) a powder used to give a hot
avour to food: salt and pepper
perhaps (adverb) used when something is
possible but youre not sure: Perhaps Ill go to
France next year.

30

piece (noun) a part of something: He cut the


cake into six pieces.
pocket (noun) a part of a piece of clothing you
can put things in: My money is in my pocket.
police ofcer (noun) a male or female
member of the police force (Also policeman/
policewoman.)
popular (adjective) liked by a lot of people:
Shes the most popular teacher in our school.
post (verb) to send a letter or parcel in the
mail: Can you post this letter for me? Or to put
information onto a blog or social media site:
a blog post
post ofce (noun) a place where you buy stamps
or send letters or parcels from: Im going to the
post ofce.
prepare (verb) to get someone or something
ready for the future: Im preparing my pupils for
their exams.
pull (verb) to move something towards yourself:
The car was pulling a caravan.
push (verb) to move something away from
yourself: Push this button.

Rr
railway (noun) train system: I have to go to the
railway station.
repair (verb) to mend something that is broken:
Can you repair my watch?
rich (adjective) having a lot of money: Hes a very
rich man. (The opposite is poor.)

Ss
salt (noun) a white powder found in sea water
and used to avour food: salt and pepper
score (verb) to get a point in a game or an exam:
He scored a goal in the football match.
screen (noun) a at surface on a TV or computer
where you see the picture: Our television has
a big screen.
secret (adjective/noun) something other people
dont know about: Can you keep a secret?
secretary (noun) someone who works in an
ofce, typing letters, answering the telephone,
etc.: Can you ask my secretary?
sell (verb) to give something to someone else
in return for money: I sold my car for 00 Euros.
(The opposite is buy.)

Flyers dictionary
several (adjective) an amount more than some
but fewer than many: Ive seen this lm several
times.
silver (adjective/noun) a valuable shiny white
metal used for making jewellery, coins, etc.:
Thisspoon is made of silver.
sledge (noun) an object used for travelling over
snow and ice: Lets play with our sledges in the
snow.
something (pronoun) an object or item that isnt
described exactly: Theres something in my shoe.
(Also someone, somewhere.)
speak (verb) to say words or have a conversation:
Can you speak English?
spend (verb) to use money as a payment for
something, or to use time doing something: How
much time did you spend on your homework?
spoon (noun) an object used for mixing, serving
or eating food: a soup spoon
steal (verb) to take something without
permission: Somebody stole my car yesterday.
such (determiner) used to add emphasis: Thats
such a good lm.
suddenly (adverb) quickly and unexpectedly:
It all happened so suddenly, I cant remember it.
sugar (noun) a white powder used to make food
or drink sweet: Do you have sugar in your tea?
suitcase (noun) a container used for carrying
clothes and things when travelling: Have you
packed your suitcase yet?
surname (noun) your last or family name:
Her rst name is Sarah, but I dont know her
surname.
swan (noun) a large, usually white bird that lives
on lakes and rivers: We fed the ducks and swans.
swing (verb/noun) to move backwards and
forwards, or a seat joined to ropes on which you
can move backwards and forwards: Lets play
on the swings in the playground.

Tt

tights (noun) clothing made to cover the legs


and lower part of the body: a pair of tights
toe (noun) one of the ve separate parts at the
end of your foot: Ive got ten toes.
tomorrow (noun) the day after today: Ill see you
tomorrow after school.
tonight (noun) the night of the present day:
My favourite programmes on tonight.
twice (adverb) two times: Ive already asked him
twice.

Uu
uniform (noun) a set of clothes people in the
same group wear: a school uniform
university (noun) a college where people study
for a degree: Which university did you go to?
until (preposition) up to a time: I was doing my
homework until half past six.
unusual (adjective) different from other things:
Hes an unusual dog he doesnt like going for
walks.

Ww
waiter (noun) someone who serves food in
a restaurant: Im your waiter for today.
whisper (verb) to speak very quietly: What are
you whispering about?
whistle (verb) to make a high sound by forcing
air through your mouth: He whistled while he
wasworking.
wife (noun) the woman you are married to
(Note husband is the man you are married to.):
This is my wife.
wish (verb/noun) something you really want to
happen: I wish I was rich.
without (preposition) not having something:
Ivecome to the party without a present.
wood (noun) a hard material which comes from
trees: He collected wood for a re.

taxi (noun) a car with a driver you pay: I took


a taxi to the airport.

The following names are also used:


Betty

Michael

Sarah

thousand (noun) the number ,000: There are


three thousand people in the village.

Helen

Richard

William

Katy

Robert

through (preposition) from one end or side of


something to the other: We walked through
the forest.

31

Thanks and Acknowledgements


The authors and publishers would like to thank the
following contributors:
Blooberry Design: concept design, book design, page
make-up
Hilary Ratcliff: editing
Luke Newell: illustration
The authors and publishers acknowledge the following
sources of copyright material and are grateful for the
permissions granted. While every effort has been made, it
has not always been possible to identify the sources of all
the material used, or to trace all copyright holders. If any
omissions are brought to our notice, we will be happy to
include the appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following


for permission to reproduce photographs:
p.4: Denis Scott/Corbis; p.45(b/g): kastanka/Getty Images; p.6:
stocknroll/Getty Images; p.67(b/g): matka_Wariatka/Getty Images;
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Images; p.10: The Photolibrary Wales/Alamy; p.1011(b/g): Aleks/
Getty Images; p.12(saxophone): Zaiachin/Shutterstock; p.12(keyboard):
nikkytok/Shutterstock; p.12(sushi with chopsticks): bundit jonwises/
Shutterstock; p.12(forest): Dr Morley Read/Shutterstock; p.1213(b/g):
RusN/Getty Images; p.14 (T): Phil Augustavo /Getty Images; p.14
(B): Colin Keates/Getty Images; p.1415(b/g): Mint Images Frans
Lanting/Getty Images; p.16: Renphoto/Getty Images; p.1617(b/g):
voltan1/Getty Images; p.18: Buster Ancient Farm; p.1819(b/g):
bob davis photography/Getty Images; p.20: Lebrecht Music and Arts
Photo Library/Alamy; p.2021(b/g): JOE CICAK/Getty Images; p.22(T):
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LJS-photography/Alamy; p.22(c): GlobalP/iStock; p.22(d): Diane
Jones; p.2223(b/g): tanjichica7/GettyImages; p.24: Michael
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32