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LEMBAGA PEMBANGUNAN INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN

MALAYSIA (CIDB)
TINGKAT 10, MENARA DATO ONN, PUSAT
DAGANGAN DUNIA PUTRA (PWTC),
NO. 45, JLN TUN ISMAIL, 50480 KUALA LUMPUR

KERTAS PENERANGAN
(INFORMATION SHEET)
KOD DAN NAMA
PROGRAM /
PROGRAMS CODE &
NAME

BC-061-1:2015
BASIC SCAFFOLD ERECTION, ALTERATION AND
DISMANTLING

TAHAP / LEVEL

NO. DAN TAJUK UNIT


KOMPETENSI /
COMPETENCY UNIT NO.
AND TITLE

BC-061-1:2015-C03
INDEPENDENT SCAFFOLD ERECTION, ALTERATION AND
DISMANTLING

NO. DAN PENYATAAN


AKTIVITI KERJA / WORK
ACTIVITIES NO. AND
STATEMENT

1. COMPLY WITH SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT


REQUIREMENTS
2. PERFORM SCAFFOLD DESIGN SKETCHING
3. PREPARE SCAFFOLD SITE
4. ERECT FRAME SCAFFOLD
5. ERECT TUBULAR SCAFFOLD
6. ERECT MODULAR SCAFFOLD
7. PERFORM HOUSEKEEPING

NO. KOD / CODE NUM.

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TAJUK / TITLE:
INDEPENDENT SCAFFOLD ERECTION, ALTERATION AND DISMANTLING
TUJUAN / PURPOSE:
This Information Sheet is intended to describe on tubular, modular and frame scaffold
so the trainee able to ensure the Independent Scaffold erected, altered and dismantled
safely and correctly.

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PENERANGAN / INFORMATION:
1. INTRODUCTION
i) An independent scaffold consists of a double row of standards, with each row
parallel to the building. The inner row is set as close to the building as is
practicable.
ii) The distance between the lines of standards should be the minimum
necessary to accommodate the required number of boards and toe boards .

Diagram 1: Independent Scaffold


iii) This scaffold has 2 rows of standards that are tied by cross members called
transoms
iv) This scaffold doesnt rely upon the building for support
v) Suitable for use in conjunction with framed structures.

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Diagram 2: Independent Scaffold

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Diagram 3: Independent Scaffold

2. ADDING LIFTS TO SCAFFOLD


i) Scaffold erectors should work off two planks at all times.
ii) Note: Scaffold erectors are allowed to work from one plank; however, it is
recommended to use two.
iii) Braces must be lifted as scaffold is erected.
iv) Ties must be lifted and secured to scaffold as scaffold is erected and
dismantled.
v) Loading bays if erected must be with stand all loads imposed on it. The
erection of a loading bay must be separated from the working scaffold.
vi) Gin wheels if used must be hung by shackles or other approved methods.
vii) Handrails and stop ends must be erected to each level of scaffold as it is
viii)

built.
Mechanical means i.e. cranes; forklift, should be used over manual
handling wherever possible.

3. SAFETY CHECK FOR INDEPENDENT SCAFFOLD


3.1. Each night:
i) Ladders should be boarded up to prevent unauthorized access to the
scaffold.
ii) Lights should be placed so that the public are protected from accidentally
damaging either themselves or the scaffold, e.g.: by driving into it.
iii) Check that warning signs are in position.
3.2. Each morning:
i) Make sure that scaffold has not been interfered with, particularly by children,
and is safe for use.
3.3. Every week:
i) Statutory inspections must be made every week and after severe storms by
a 'competent person'.
3.4. When dismantling:
i) The order in which a scaffold is dismantled is not necessarily the reverse of
the order of erection. Generally, scaffolds should be taken down lift by lift and
not from one end to the other.
3.5. Hazard awareness:
i) Independent scaffolds are common use and often taken for granted. Whilst
independent scaffolds are straightforward to erect and use, carelessness can
result in accidents.

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ii) An awareness of the potential hazards is essential if accidents are to be


avoided.

4. SAFE ERECTION, ALTERATION AND DISMANTLING OF INDEPENDENT


SCAFFOLD (TUBULAR)
4.1. Erection
Erection procedures should be such that an unstable is not reached at any time.
This applies to both low and high scaffoldings.
The ties for the scaffold should be fixed in place as the scaffold is erected and
reached each tie position. No portion of the scaffold should be used unless that
portion is fully checked, braced and tied.
4.1.1. Erection process
i)
Prepare plank/board and place base plate on top of the
measurements given.

Figure 1: Step 1

ii)

Form

two (2) standards

side

by side on the

base

plate. Place the

RAC

transom

using

and

make

levelling.

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Figure 2: Step 2
iii)

Install and tie two (2) ledgers over the transom on two (2) standards,
make levelling and measures 90 between the ledger and transom.

Figure 3: Step 3

iv)

Measure and place the bay length in the middle base to plan
requirement. Install transom and make levelling. (Tanye en. Burn)

Figure 4: Step 4
v)

Make

measurement

and

mark, fix the right

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coupler for the first uft and install the second ledger and transom.
Find the levelling and install the bracing at each standard using
correct coupler.

Figure 5:

vi)

Step 5

Install ledger, transom, bracing and Putlog on the second lift.


Always recheck the levelling for each process of erection.

Figure 6:
vii)

Step 6
Install
planks/board

or

metal deck above


it.

Cantilever

300

mm

maximum

board

or

four

times

(4)

thicker.

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Figure 7: Step 7

viii) Install and tie ladder and board as well as install guardrail,
puncheons and toe board. Open the temporary board.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate
hand tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 8: Step 8

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4.2. Alteration
All alteration to existing scaffoldings should be carried out in such a way that the
stability of the scaffold is not impaired. As a general rule, supplementary
components should be added before those which have to be removed are
uncoupled and taken away.
4.2.1. Alteration process
i)
Open guardrail and toe board if it prevent entry process or material
goods.
According to the job requirements.

Figure 9: Step 1
ii)

Re-install

guardrail and toe

board

after

the

work

relating finish.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate
hand tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 10: Step 2


4.3. Dismantle
4.3.1. Dismantle
i) During

requirements
dismantling, no

component which endangers the stability of the remaining structure

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should be removed. If the scaffold is defective, it should be made


good before dismantling. The procedure for dismantling should
proceed generally from top in horizontal section. Scaffold should
never be dismantled in vertical sections from one end towards the
other.
ii) Materials should be lowered to the ground as the scaffold is
dismantled progressively. They should not be staked on scaffold.
Components should not be thrown down to ground; they should be
lowered hand to hand in an orderly fashion or brought down by crane,
gin wheel or other suitable means.
iii) When dismantling:
The order in which a scaffold is dismantled is not necessarily the
reverse of the order of erection. Generally, scaffolds should be taken
down lift by lift and not from one end to the other.
4.3.2. Dismantle process
i)
Open toe board with guardrail and go down to first lift. Open ties on
ladders.

Figure 11: Step

ii)

Open board and putlog tube. Open bracing, ledger and transom on
the

second lift, and go

down

to the first lift.

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Figure 12: Step 2


iii)

Open ledger and transom to the next lift.

Figure 13: Step 3

iv)

Open ledger and transom at lift below.

Figure 14:
v)

Step 4
Remove

ledger

and

transom at other

side,

carry

out

housekeeping. Remove all base plate and sole plate. Segregates all
the scaffold component and return to storage area. Apply proper
method of manual lifting technique. Collect all the wastage and
debris.

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Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate
hand tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 15:

Step 5

5. SAFE ERECTION, ALTERATION AND DISMANTLING OF INDEPENDENT


SCAFFOLD (MODULAR)
5.1. Erection process
i)
Prepare site and install sole board with adjustable baseplate and starting
collar

Figure 15:
Step 1
ii)

Install

the first ledger

and transom and adjusted by using water level.

Figure
Step

16:

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iii)

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Install standard on top of each starter collar.

Figure 17:
Step
iv)

Forming the first required by plan.


Secure all installation / assembly.

Figure 18:
Step
v)

4
Place

the

bracing at each angle correctly and secure.

Figure 19:

vi)

Step

Use

temporary

working platform during the installation of the next lift.

Figure 20: Step


6

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vii)

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Install the next lift as required by plan.

Figure 21: Step 7


viii) Install

working
platform.

Figure 22: Step 8


ix)

Install

edge

protection.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate
hand tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 23: Step 9

5.2. Alteration
All alteration to existing scaffoldings should be carried out in such a way that the
stability of the scaffold is not impaired. As a general rule, supplementary

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components should be added before those which have to be removed are


uncoupled and taken away.
5.3. Alteration process
i)
Open guardrail and toe board if it prevent entry process or material goods.
According to the job requirements.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate hand tool
and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 24: Step 1

5.4. Dismantling
5.4.1. Dismantling requirements
i) During dismantling, no component which endangers the stability of the
remaining structure should be removed. If the scaffold is defective, it
should be made good before dismantling. The procedure for
dismantling should proceed generally from top in horizontal section.
Scaffold should never be dismantled in vertical sections from one end
towards the other.
ii) Materials should be lowered to the ground as the scaffold is
dismantled progressively. They should not be staked on scaffold.
Components should not be thrown down to ground; they should be

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lowered hand to hand in an orderly fashion or brought down by crane,


gin wheel or other suitable means.
iii) When dismantling:
The order in which a scaffold is dismantled is not necessarily the
reverse of the order of erection. Generally, scaffolds should be taken
down lift by lift and not from one end to the other.
5.4.2. Dismantle process
i) Open edge protection.

Figure 25: Step 1

ii) Open working platform, bracing, ledger and transom at second lift and
go down to the first lift.

Figure 26:

Step 2

iii) Open

standard,

ledger

and
transom at

the

next lift.

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Figure 27: Step 3

iv) Open ledger and transom at the first lift.

Figure 28: Step

v)

Remove ledger
and transom at
other side, carry
out housekeeping. Remove all base plate and sole plate. Segregates
all the scaffold component and return to storage area. Apply proper
method of manual lifting technique. Collect all the wastage and debris.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate hand
tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

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Figure 29: Step 5

6. SAFE ERECTION, ALTERATION AND DISMANTLING OF INDEPENDENT


SCAFFOLD (FRAME)
6.1. Erection process

Diagram 4:

Erection

for

Independent Scaffold
i) Measure and position sole boards. Set out base plates / adjustable base
plate on sole boards. Adjustable baseplate at the maximum height of 2/3.

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Figure 30: Step 1

ii) Fixed main frame on the top adjustable base plate. Aligned the horizontal
frame by adjusting adjustable base plate.

Figure 31: Step 2


iii) Fixed
into

cross
the

brace

joint pins and

connect it to the next main frame.

Figure 32: Step 3

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iv) Use scaffold tube to align the same frame.

Figure 33: Step 4


v) Install step ladder. Fix joint pin / frame connector at eight (8) sided.

Figure 34: Step 5

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vi) Install arm locking device at lash pin for all frame standard.
Make it properly lock.

Figure 35: Step 6


vii) Install cat walk for the next level platform.

Figure 36: Step 7

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viii) Fix / connect railing pole to the end frames. Connect between both side of
railing pole by using of hand railing tube.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate hand
tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 37: Step 8

6.2. Alteration process


i)
Open

guardrail

and

toe board

if it prevent entry

process

or

goods.

According to the

job

material

requirements.

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Figure 38: Step 1

ii)

Re-install guardrail and toe board after the work relating finish.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate hand
tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Figure 39: Step 2


6.3. Dismantle
i)
The

process
dismantling of the
independent

scaffold is in reverse to the erection of the independent scaffold. Remove


guard rails, toe boards, guard rail post and half frame.

.
Figure 40: Step 1

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ii)

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Remove Working platform from the second lift and disconnect horizontal
brace.

Figure 41: Step 2

iii)

Remove cross brace from the latch pin. Remove main frame and joint pin.
Prevent from dropping hazard. Use temporary working platform.

Figure 42: Step 3

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iv)

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Remove cat walk. Remove cross brace from the latch pin.

Figure 43: Step 4


v)

Remove foot ties. Remove main frame.

Figure 44: Step 5

vi)

Remove adjustable base plate and perform housekeeping. Segregates all


the scaffold component and return to storage area. Apply proper method
of manual lifting technique. Collect all the wastage and debris.
Make sure trainee wear and use the correct and appropriate hand
tool and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

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Figure 45: Step 6

SOALAN/QUESTION:
1. What is the minimum size of square base plate?
2. Why must adjustable base plate be used on frame scaffold?

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RUJUKAN/REFERENCE :
1. Law of Malaysia, Factories and Machinery Act with Regulations, Act 139, (2009),
MDC Publisher Sdn Bhd, ISBN: 967-70-1235-5
2. Department of Standards Malaysia, Metal Scaffolding Part 1: Prefabricates
scaffold Specification for Steel Frame Scaffolding, 2012, Sirim Berhad
3. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and Regulations, MDC Publishers
Sdn Bhd, Malaysia
4. Davies, V. J. & Tomasin, K. 1996. Construction Safety Handbook. Thomas
Telford. ISBN: 9780727725196
5. Hughes, P. & Ferrett, E. 2007. Introduction to Health and Safety in Construction.
Routledge. ISBN: 9780750681117
6. Basic Scaffolding Certificate, Holmesglen Institute of Tafe, National Occupational
Health and Safety Certification Standard for Users and Operators of Industrial
Plant, July 1995
7. Course Of Scaffolding, The Design Specifications Of A Scaffold Can Either Be A
Comple Set Of Drawings Or Held In Mind Of The Responsible Scaffolder,
AS/NZS 4576:1995 Guideline For Scaffolding
8. Scaffolding Inspection Course