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# Unit 1: Electrostatics

(08 marks)
Revise: SI units and dimensions of electric charge, field, dipole moment, flux and charge
densities, potential, capacitance and polarisation. Drawing field lines and EPS for dipole, two
charge and single charge system.
Vector form of Coulombs Law. Gauss Theorem, electric dipole, electric field lines and
equipotential surface. capacitor, Van de Graff Generator
Remember: Charge is scalar but the electric field created by it is a vector, whereas the potential
is again a scalar. Electric flux is a scalar. A dipole experiences no force but pure torque in uniform
electric field whereas it does experience a force and torque both in non-uniform field. Gausss
Law is valid only for closed surfaces. Three types of charge densities viz linear, surface and
volume are different physical quantities having different unit and dimensions. Along a field line,
potential decreases at the fastest rate. The dipole moment per unit volume is called polarisation
and is a vector. Whether its a solid or a hollow conducting sphere, all free charges reside on its
surface. Dielectric constant is also called relative permittivity and is dimensionless, unitless.
Unit 2:Current electricity
(07 marks)
Revise : SI units and dimensions of mobility, resistance, resistivity,conductivity, current density
and emf. Ohms Law , drift velocity, colour coding. Parallel/ series combination of cells.
Potentiometer. Numericals on finding equivalent resistance/current using Kirchoffs laws
Remember:Current is scalar as it does not follow laws of vector addition but current density is
vector. Kirchoffs junction/ loop law is charge/ energy conservation laws. If the Galvanometer and
cell are interchanged in balanced Wheatstone bridge, the balance does not get affected. For a
steady current along a tapering conductor, current remains constant but current density, drift
speed and electric field varies inversely as area of cross-section. Ohms law is not universally
applicable such as vacuum diode, semiconductor diode.
Unit 3: Magnetic effects of current and magnetism:
(08 marks)
Revise : SI units and dimensions of permeability, relative permeability, magnetic moment, field,
flux, intensity, susceptibility, torsional constant and their nature as vector or scalars. Magnetic
field lines. Biot-Savart and Amperes law, solenoid, toroid, MCG, Cyclotron, para, dia and ferro
magnetism, permanent and electromagnets. Numericals on ammeter and voltmeters
Remember: Parallel currents attract and anti parallel currents repel. Amperes law can be
derived from Biot- Savarts law. MCG has two sensitivities voltage and current as deflection per
unit voltage/ current, respectively. Angle of dip is also called inclination, its value at poles and at
equator are 90 degrees and 0 degree, respectively.
Superconductors are perfect diamagnets. T(tesla) is SI unit for magnetic field, the other being
G(gauss,non-SI),1 T is equal to 10,000 gauss.
Diamagnetism is universal - it is present in all materials.

## Unit 4: EMI and AC

(08 marks )
Revise : SI unit and dimensions of self and mutual inductance, capacitive and inductive
reactance, impedance, Q-factor, power factor. Faradays/ Lenzs law, eddy current, motional emf,
self/ mutual inductance, AC generator, transformer
Remember: Lenzs law is consequence of energy conservation. Eddy current has merits and
demerits. AC is scalar but follows phasor treatment as it is periodically varying. At resonance
power factor is 1, hence maximum power is dissipated. A transformer works in AC but not in DC.
The power consumed in an AC circuit is never negative. Rated values of ac devices for current
and voltages are rms whereas for power it is average. Higher the Q-factor sharper the
resonance, smaller the bandwidth and better the selectivity
Unit 5: Electromagnetic waves
(03 marks)
Revise : Properties and frequencies, Ampere-Maxwell law, displacement current, drawing of
EMW. Numericals on finding frequency, speed etc from given equation.
Remember : An oscillating charge produces EMW of the frequency of oscillation. IR waves are
also called heat waves as they produce heating. The AM (amplitude modulated) band is from 530
kHz to 1710 kHz. TV waves range from 54 MHz to 890 MHz. The FM (frequency modulated)
radio band extends from 88 MHz to 108 MHz. TV remote uses IR waves. LASIK and water
purification uses UV rays.