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Correcting the Magnetic Compass

* Syncronize the watch to the GPS


* The vessel to be run at a suitable slow speed
* Make ready two radios (do not use the radio close to the Magnetic Compass!)
* Variation is found to be
-2.5
* If possible the Sun's bearing should be taken or if not to be compared with the Gyro Compass
* Tools to prepare:

- Large screwdriver
- 12" adjustable wrench for the balls
- Bearing diopter for the Magnetic Compass (if the Sun to be used for swinging)
* Position to be noted at the beginning and end of the swinging - to decide the Sun's true bearing

(MAGNETIC COURSE = TRUE COURSE +/- VARIATION)

Correction step-by-step

Action

1)

Steer magnetic course 090

Neutralize the deviation (DV = 0) by moving the LONGSHIPS MAGNETS

2)

Steer magnetic course 180

Neutralize the deviation (DV =0) by moving the TWARTHSHIPS MAGNETS

3)

Steer magnetic course 270

The deviation is halved by moving the LONGSHIPS MAGNETS

4)

Steer magnetic course 000

The deviation is halved by moving the TWARTHSHIPS MAGNETS

5)

Steer magnetic course 045

Neutralize the deviation (DV = 0) by moving the BALLS

6)

Steer magnetic course 135

The deviation is halved by moving the BALLS

7)

The compass correction has now finished

8)

Now the swinging is made by 10 intervals -

or by deciding the DV on the 8 main- & semi-main courses,


plotting the figures into the "Swinging Table"

Scheme for Compass Swinging


Variation:

- 2.5

Gyro Corr.:

Comparison with the Gyro


Read Values
Deviation & Variation
Compass
Gyro
Compass
Course
Course
Variation Variation Deviation
000.0
356.5
- 3.5
- 2.5
- 1.0
010.0
368.8
- 1.2
- 2.5
1.3
020.0
018.5
- 1.5
- 2.5
1.0
030.0
028.5
- 1.5
- 2.5
1.0
040.0
038.1
- 1.9
- 2.5
0.6
050.0
048.0
- 2.0
- 2.5
0.5
060.0
057.0
- 3.0
- 2.5
- 0.5
070.0
067.0
- 3.0
- 2.5
- 0.5
080.0
078.0
- 2.0
- 2.5
0.5
090.0
089.0
- 1.0
- 2.5
1.5
100.0
099.0
- 1.0
- 2.5
1.5
110.0
109.0
- 1.0
- 2.5
1.5
120.0
120.0
0.0
- 2.5
2.5
130.0
130.0
0.0
- 2.5
2.5
140.0
141.0
1.0
- 2.5
3.5
150.0
151.7
1.7
- 2.5
4.2
160.0
162.5
2.5
- 2.5
5.0
170.0
171.7
1.7
- 2.5
4.2
180.0
182.0
2.0
- 2.5
4.5
190.0
192.5
2.5
- 2.5
5.0
200.0
201.8
1.8
- 2.5
4.3
210.0
211.5
1.5
- 2.5
4.0
220.0
222.0
2.0
- 2.5
4.5
230.0
231.5
1.5
- 2.5
4.0
240.0
241.0
1.0
- 2.5
3.5
250.0
250.2
0.2
- 2.5
2.7
260.0
260.2
0.2
- 2.5
2.7
270.0
270.2
0.2
- 2.5
2.7
280.0
280.5
0.5
- 2.5
3.0
290.0
290.5
0.5
- 2.5
3.0
300.0
300.2
0.2
- 2.5
2.7
310.0
309.7
- 0.3
- 2.5
2.2
320.0
319.5
- 0.5
- 2.5
2.0
330.0
329.0
- 1.0
- 2.5
1.5
340.0
340.0
0.0
- 2.5
2.5
350.0
350.0
0.0
- 2.5
2.5
360.0
356.5
- 3.5
- 2.5
- 1.0

Coefficients :

Times New Roman,fed\Printed : 01/06/2017

0.0
Comparison with the Sun

GMT

Compass
Sun's
Bearing Deviation True bearing

A =

2.2

D =

-0.1

B =

-0.6

E =

-0.2

C =

-2.8

If the courve shall be drawn in the vessel's Deviation Book


the Deviation values are given here:
A =

2.2

B =

-0.6

D =

-0.1

E =

-0.2

Compass
Course Deviation
000
010
020
030
040
050
060
070
080
090
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180

-0.73
-0.80
-0.77
-0.63
-0.40
-0.07
0.33
0.78
1.27
1.78
2.28
2.76
3.21
3.61
3.96
4.26
4.49
4.67
4.78

Times New Roman,fed\Printed : 01/06/2017

C =

-2.8

Compass
Course Deviation
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360

4.78
4.82
4.81
4.73
4.59
4.38
4.12
3.79
3.41
2.97
2.50
2.01
1.50
1.00
0.52
0.10
-0.26
-0.54
-0.73

Deviation Courve
Westerly (-)

Deviation Table

Easterly (+)
Deviation

Course mag.

10

-0.7

-000.7

20

N 10 E

10

30

20

20

-0.8
-0.8

009.2
019.2

40

30

30

50

40

40

60

50

50

-0.6
-0.4
-0.1

029.4
039.6
049.9

70

60

60

80

70

70

0.3
0.8

060.3
070.8

90

N 80 E

80

100

90

1.3
1.8

081.3
091.8

S 80 E
70

100
110

2.3
2.8

102.3
112.8

60
50

120
130

3.2
3.6

123.2
133.6

40
30

140
150

4.0
4.3

144.0
154.3

20
S 10 E

160
170

4.5
4.7

164.5
174.7

S
S 10 W
20

180
190
200

4.8
4.8
4.8

184.8
194.8
204.8

30
40

210
220

4.7
4.6

214.7
224.6

50
60

230
240

4.4
4.1

234.4
244.1

70
S 80 W

250
260

3.8
3.4

253.8
263.4

W
N 80 W

270
280

3.0
2.5

273.0
282.5

70
60

290
300

2.0
1.5

292.0
301.5

50
40

310
320

1.0
0.5

311.0
320.5

30
20
N 10 W

330
340
350

0.1
-0.3
-0.5

330.1
339.7
349.5

360

-0.7

-000.7

-10.0 -8.0 -6.0 -4.0 -2.0

0.0
0

110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0 10.0

Compass Course

Coefficients:
A=

2.2

B=

-0.6

C=

-2.8

D=

-0.1

E=

-0.2

The Deviation found by means of : Comparing Magnetic and Gyro Compass

Variation: 25 W

Place and Date : 19.10.2016 K 3 Anchorage / Kirkcaldy(UK)

Grecu Alin
2nd Officer

Marcu Marian
Captain