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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

UNRESTRICTED

Document ID : SP-1246

April 2010

Filing key : xxxx

Specification for
Painting and Coating of
Oil and Gas Production Facilities

PART 1
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
FOR COATING SYSTEMS

Keywords:
Acceptance Criteria
Coatings
Documentation
Maintenance
New Construction
Painting
Performance Tests
Surface Protection

This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed
to others nor reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic
recording or otherwise) without prior written consent of the owner.

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production Facilities Part - 1

Version No.
ERD-48-01
SP-1246 Ver.0
SP-1246 Ver.1
SP-1246 Ver.2

Date
Jan 89
May 2002
July 2003
April 2010

Author
ETH/5
OTT/11
TTO/11
UEC/121

Version 2

Scope / Remarks
Original ERD Document
Updated and in new PDO format
For issue
For issue

INSTRUCTIONS TO USER
Make sure this is the latest issue of this specification. Refer to the EMDS for the last issue date.
Where this Specification refers to DEPs and International Standards, it refers to the issues that were in-use when
the author wrote this Specification. Exceptions are references to specific issues. If you use DEPs or International
Standards with this Specification, make sure you use the relevant issues.
Do not change this Specification without approval. Only the Custodian, the Corporate Functional Discipline
Head (CFDH) who owns this Specification, can give approval for changes. If you think the Specification is not
correct, write your comments on a copy of the User Comment Form. The form is the last page of this
Specification.

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Version 2

Contents
1

Preface........................................................................................................................................5
1.1
1.2
1.3

Background.......................................................................................................................................................5
Applicability.....................................................................................................................................................5
Units of Measurement.......................................................................................................................................6

Introduction...............................................................................................................................7
2.1
General..............................................................................................................................................................7
2.1.1
Scope.........................................................................................................................................................7
2.1.2
Exclusions.................................................................................................................................................7
2.1.3
Circulation.................................................................................................................................................7

Technical....................................................................................................................................8
3.1
General..............................................................................................................................................................8
3.2
Paint and Coating Materials..............................................................................................................................8
3.2.1
Recommended Materials..........................................................................................................................8
3.2.2
Paint Vendor Responsibilities...................................................................................................................8
3.2.3
Paint Colours.............................................................................................................................................8
3.2.4
Thinners....................................................................................................................................................8
3.2.5
VOC Requirements...................................................................................................................................9
3.3
Finish Colour and Colour Coding Schedule.....................................................................................................9
3.3.1
Overall Top Coat Colours.........................................................................................................................9
3.3.2
Colour Identification for Plant Pipework and Pipelines...........................................................................9
3.4
Metallic Coatings..............................................................................................................................................9
3.4.1
Hot Dip Galvanising.................................................................................................................................9
3.4.2
Thermal Sprayed Coatings ....................................................................................................................10

Quality Assurance...................................................................................................................10
4.1

Qualification of existing ERD 48-01 coating systems..........................................................10


5.1

ISO specifications...........................................................................................................................................11
British specifications.......................................................................................................................................12
Euronorms.......................................................................................................................................................12
Other International Specifications..................................................................................................................12
PDO and SIEP Documents.............................................................................................................................13

Appendix A Glossary of Definitions, Terms and Abbreviations.........................................14


7.1
7.2
7.3

Introduction.....................................................................................................................................................10

Related Business Control Documents...................................................................................11


6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5

Quality System................................................................................................................................................10

Standard Definitions.......................................................................................................................................14
Special Definitions..........................................................................................................................................14
Abbreviations..................................................................................................................................................16

Appendix B - Paint and Coating System Evaluation..........................................................17


8.1
Introduction.....................................................................................................................................................17
8.2
Performance Tests...........................................................................................................................................17
8.2.1
Test Schedule..........................................................................................................................................17
8.2.2
Test Methods...........................................................................................................................................17
8.2.3
Acceptance Criteria.................................................................................................................................17
8.2.4
Means of Evaluation Following Test......................................................................................................17
8.2.5
Application and Technical Information..................................................................................................17
8.2.6
Notes to Tables B1 B8.........................................................................................................................18

Appendix C - Cathodic Disbonding Resistance Test...........................................................30

10 User Comment Form..............................................................................................................31

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Tables
Table B1
Table B2-B4
Table B5
Table B6
Table B7

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria -External Onshore Above - Ground Structures.......................19
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria External Below-Ground Structures................................20-23
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Internals of Tanks and Vessels.............................................24
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Offshore Structures..............................................................25
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Miscellaneous Areas............................................................26

Table B8

Summary of Performance Tests..............................................................................................................27

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Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

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1 Preface
1.1 Background
This Specification SP-1246 covers the minimum requirements for protective painting and coating systems,
materials and application methods for the internal and external surface of steel structures and equipment within
the oil and gas production facilities.
Relevant structures and equipment include aboveground and buried onshore tanks, vessels, in-station pipework,
buried sections of above ground flowlines and pipelines, structural steel, electrical and mechanical equipment.
For further information on buried sections of above ground flowlines and pipelines refer to GU-368.
Whilst the Specification is directed predominantly at protection of onshore oil and gas installations, it also
covers external protective coating of marine facilities such as jetties, mooring buoys, barges and launches.
Internal surfaces of pumps, valves and other mechanical equipment requiring special protective treatments are
not dealt with in this Specification. For guidance on this contact UER/CFDH Materials and Corrosion.
The coating of new pipelines and existing pipelines requiring rehabilitation are covered in the following
alternative specifications and procedures. For guidance on this contact UER/CFDH Materials and Corrosion.
GU-368 Guidelines For The Protection Of Buried Sections Of Surface Laid Pipelines/Flowlines
PR-1180 Procedure for Qualification of Pipeline Rehabilitation Coating Systems
DEP 31.40.30.31-Gen. Technical Specification for External Polyethylene and Polypropylene Coating for Line
Pipe
DEP 31.40.30.32-Gen. Technical Specification for External Fusion-bonded Epoxy Powder Coating for Line Pipe
DEP 31.40.30.37-Gen External Field Joint And Rehabilitation Coatings System For Line Pipe .

1.2 Applicability
All coating work shall be carried out in accordance with this Specification. If a variance is required then
approval in writing from the Custodian, UER/CFDH Corrosion and Materials is required.
This Specification is not applicable retroactively.
This specification does not apply to concrete structures. For concrete structures in corrosive environment consult
UER/CFDH Materials and Corrosion.
This is Part 1 of a five part Specification and must be read in conjunction with Parts 2, 3, 4 and 5.
PART 1 specifies technical and related requirements. This part includes performance tests and acceptance
criteria for assessing the acceptability of paint/coating/lining systems for each service specified in Parts 2 and 3.
PART 2 contains recommended protective coating systems for the following categories with respect to new
construction painting/coating activities:
-

External surfaces of carbon steel structures, piping and equipment, onshore and marine
External surfaces of buried carbon steel structures, piping and buried sections of above ground
flowlines and pipelines. (except Class I and Class II pipelines)
Internal surfaces of tanks and vessels
Stainless steel and galvanised piping and equipment
Areas beneath insulation
Specialist applications

This Part also gives descriptions of the generic types of paint used for new construction projects. The
descriptions apply equally to the maintenance paint systems presented in Part 3.

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Protective coatings for new pipelines based on Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP) or Fusion Bonded Epoxy
(FBE) are not covered in this Specification but the general good practices described in this volume are equally
applicable to the coating of line pipe.
.
PART 3 contains recommended Maintenance Coating Systems for the following categories with respect to
location and painting/coating activities and inspection of old coatings:
-

External coatings on carbon steel structures, piping and equipment, onshore and marine
External coatings of below ground carbon steel structures and piping including Class I and
Class II pipelines
Internal coated surfaces of tanks and vessels
Stainless steel and galvanised piping and equipment

PART 4 contains the detailed requirements for surface preparation and application of coatings to the categories
stated in Parts 2 and 3. This Part contains HSE advice and general inspection requirements.
PART 5 Contains the list of approved coating systems and is a live document that will be updated by UER. This
includes coating systems that have been grandfathered in.
New Projects
PARTS 1, 2 and 4 apply in their entirety to new projects where painting and coating activities are carried out at
site or in the shop.
For painting and coating of package items, carried out prior to delivery to site or to existing facilities, the
requirements, stated in PARTS 1 and 4, apply in their entirety, whilst those of PART 2 apply where applicable.
Maintenance
Where maintenance painting is to be done, PDOs technical requirements are stated in PART 1 and those
sections of PART 3 and 4 as appropriate, dependent upon the Scope of Work.

1.3 Units of Measurement


This specification uses and requires the use of the International System (SI) units of measurement in all
documentation. Paint film thicknesses are expressed in microns, 1micron is 0.001mm.

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2 Introduction
2.1 General
This Specification (Parts 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) has been prepared for the use of PDO staff and by their Contractors,
Inspectors, Painting Contractors, Equipment Vendors and Paint Vendors as a reference or as a contractual
document (as appropriate) for all painting and coating contracts. This applies to both New Construction and
Maintenance as appropriate.
2.1.1

Scope
Part 1 of this Specification establishes the minimum requirements of PDO as regards materials performance
requirements to be employed for new construction and maintenance painting and coating of offshore structures
and facilities and onshore process facilities. It details the PDO technical and related requirements. In general
PDO requires coating systems to be of medium durability that is 5-15 years life, in medium corrosive conditions
as defined in the various parts of ISO-12944. Attention is drawn to the performance requirements specified in
Appendix B. The acceptable coating systems from ERD 48-01 are listed in Part-5 of the specification.
Part 2 of this Specification gives the recommended generic coating systems for New Construction
Part 3 of this Specification gives the recommended generic coating systems for Maintenance and includes how
old coatings should be assessed and repaired.
Part 4 of the Specification states the detailed requirements as regards to materials, surface preparation,
application, testing, inspection and HSE requirements to be employed.
Part 5 of the Specification lists the approved coating systems for each Paint Coating System (PCS)

2.1.2

Exclusions
This Specification is not applicable to:
-

2.1.3

pipelines and risers except as explicitly stated


reinforcing steel for concrete structures, where it will be fully embedded in concrete
drilling facilities
Temporary construction items that are to be removed during the installation phase and to
which only a primer shall be applied.

Circulation
Circulation of this Specification shall be restricted to the parties mentioned under Section 2.1.

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3 Technical
3.1 General
This section of the Specification covers the minimum performance requirements for painting and coating
materials, and outlines the requirements for equipment, surface preparation, paint and coating application, testing
and inspection, and HSE requirements. Full details of these requirements are given in Part 4. The requirements,
unless otherwise indicated within this Specification, are applicable to all activities concerned with New
Construction work, Repair and Maintenance wherever these activities are done.

3.2 Paint and Coating Materials


3.2.1

Recommended Materials
Recommended generic materials are detailed in the relevant section for each system in Parts 2 and 3 of this
Specification may only be used if they meet the performance criteria defined in Appendix B of this
Specification. Demonstration of performance criteria to the requirements of Appendix B is necessary before any
paint/coating system can be used.
The materials specified in Parts 2 and 3 of this Specification are those appropriate to large scale application. For
local treatment brushable grades of these materials may be found to be necessary and the number of coats may
need adjusting to achieve the necessary dry film thickness (DFT). The use of brushable grades of the materials
specified in Parts 2 and 3 will not require any additional testing in accordance with Appendix B.
All coatings, applied to surfaces that will be buried or wetted in service, will be subject to cathodic protection
with design criteria in accordance with PDO Specification SP-1128.

3.2.2

Paint Vendor Responsibilities


The Paint Vendor shall submit original test data and test results as performed by an independent testing authority
to show compliance with the requirements of Appendix B. If this is not available then in house testing will be
acceptable provided the testing is witnessed by a PDO approved third party inspection company such as BV and
Velosi. Test results, from previous testing programmes provided they are less than 3 years old will be considered
acceptable provided the coating systems are generically the same with no changes to any formulations.
The Paint Vendor shall ensure that all parties mentioned in Section 2.1 are supplied with up-to-date data sheet
before any painting and coating commences. In the event of any changes to Paint Vendors Technical Data
Sheets, product number etc, the related product shall be subject to the formal approval procedure, by testing of
the complete paint/coating system to the requirements of Appendix B.
The Paint Vendor shall comply with PDO environmental requirements and submit Materials Safety Data Sheets
for each product to PDO. Paint Vendors shall assist PDO Production Chemistry Department in development of
Safe Handling of Chemicals (SHOC) cards for each generic type of paint.
Vendors are to notify PDO of any changes to the PCS shown in Part 5 as only approved coatings that are
included in this part will be acceptable for use.

3.2.3

Paint Colours
The colours of alternate paint coats of the generic and proprietary systems listed in Parts 2 and 3 of this
Specification should be contrasting.

3.2.4

Thinners
Only thinners as specified by the Paint Vendor shall be used. Mixing and thinning directions, as furnished by the
Paint Vendor, shall be followed.

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Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1
3.2.5

Version 2

VOC Requirements
There are no statutory requirements in Oman for control of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) and PDO uses
the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) publication which covers the
current USA statutory regulations for controlling the exposure levels to paint solvents (VOCs). This publication
lists the maximum exposure limits and occupational exposure standards.
The levels of VOCs that can be admitted to the atmosphere through both the manufacture and application of
paints and associated products shall be in accordance with the above.
Paints and other coatings, specified in this Specification, shall not contain any components that are carcinogenic
or possess high toxicity (eg. isocyanates) which can be released during application, in service or during removal.

3.3 Finish Colour and Colour Coding Schedule


3.3.1

Overall Top Coat Colours


The final coat of a coating system shall be of a colour in accordance with PDO colour scheme for equipment and
process facilities shown in Table 1 below.
Table 1 Recommended Colours for Oil and Gas Installations

3.3.2

Facility Description

Colour

BS 4800

RAL

Oil and gas installations in the Interior and Government Gas


installations on the Coast, including above-ground tanks,
vessels, piping and structural steel. See also SP-1166
Bottom strake of oil and water storage tanks
Oil installations in Mina al Fahal including above-ground tanks,
vessels, piping and structural steel.
Stacks and heat transfer equipment
Electrical equipment
Instrument panels
Safety markings including handrails
Pipeline isolating joints
Offshore mooring buoys topside steelwork

White

00 E 55

9010

Black
Camouflage

00 E 53

9005
1019

Aluminium
Light Grey
Silver Grey
Yellow
Red
Yellow

00 A 05

9006
7036
7032
1021
3000
1021

18 B 21
08 E 51
08 E 51

Colour Identification for Plant Pipework and Pipelines


Colour coding shall be in accordance with SP-1166 the technical specification for Identification of On-plot
Piping

3.4 Metallic Coatings


3.4.1

Hot Dip Galvanising


All carbon steel gratings, ladders, handrails, fences, stairways, walkways, cable trays, and other items as
specified by the Project Technical Information shall be hot dip galvanised in accordance with BS EN ISO 1461:
covering hot dip galvanised coatings on iron and steel articles. The minimum coating weight shall comply with
the values laid down in Table 1 of BS EN ISO 1461: and shall not be less than 610 g/m 2.
All sealed tubes must have a small weep-hole to allow hydrogen gas to escape.
Small areas of galvanised coating, damaged by cutting, welding, drilling or any preparation during fabrication,
erection, transportation or installation, shall be repaired in accordance with Part 3.
Painting systems for galvanised items that are to be painted are detailed in Sections 5 of Part 2 and Part 3 of this
Specification, for new construction and maintenance painting respectively.

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3.4.2

Version 2

Thermal Sprayed Coatings

If required all thermally applied coatings shall comply with DEP.30.48.40.31 with a minimum DFT of 100 microns.

4 Quality Assurance
4.1 Quality System
The Paint Vendor shall operate a Quality System in line with recognised PDO standards and in general
accordance with ISO-9002. PDO reserves the right to audit the Paint Vendors manufacturing facilities.

5 Qualification of Existing ERD 48-01 Coating Systems


5.1 Introduction
The existing coating systems approved for use under ERD 48-01 and elsewhere are shown in Part 5. The
tables show which systems can be carried forward and do not require testing in accordance with the
following tables in Appendix B of this part.

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6 Related Business Control Documents


The following standards, codes and specifications shall form part of this Specification. Except where a specific
edition or revision is identified by date or revision/edition number, the latest edition in effect at the date of
contract shall govern.

6.1 ISO specifications

SP-1246

ISO 1513

Paints or varnishes Examination and preparation of samples for testing

ISO 2063

Metallic Coatings and other inorganic coatings Thermal spraying


Zinc, aluminium and their alloys

ISO 2808

Paints or varnishes Coating thickness measurements

ISO 2815

Paints or varnishes Hardness testing

ISO-3233

Paints and varnishes - Determination of percentage volume of non-volatile


matter by measuring the density of a dried coating

ISO 3248

Paints and varnishes Determination of the effect of heat

ISO 3549

Zinc Dust Pigments for Paints- Specification and Test Methods

ISO 4624

Paints and varnishes Pull-off test for adhesion

ISO 4628-1

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 1: General principles and rating schemes

ISO 4628-2

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 2: Designation of degree of blistering

ISO 4628-3

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 3: Designation of degree of rusting

ISO 4628-4

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 4: Designation of degree of cracking

ISO 4628-5

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 5: Designation of degree of flaking

ISO 4628-6

Paints and varnishes Evaluation of degradation of paint coatings


Designation of intensity, quantity and size of common types of defect
Part 6: Rating of degree of chalking by tape method

ISO 6270-1

Paints and varnishes Determination of resistance to humidity- Part 1:


Corrosion by condensation

ISO 6272

Paints and varnishes Falling weight test

ISO 7253

Paints and varnishes Determination of the resistance to neutral salt


spray

ISO 8501-1/BS

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related

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7079-A1 Supplement

products Representative photographic examples of the change of


appearance of steel when blast-cleaned with different abrasives

ISO 8502-3

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related


products Tests for the assessment of surface cleanliness - Part 3:
Assessment of dust on steel surfaces prepared for painting (pressuresensitive tape method).

ISO 11997-2

Paints and varnishes Determination of the resistance to cyclic corrosion


conditions Part 2: Wet (salt fog)/dry/humidity/UV light

ISO 12944 all parts

Paints and Varnishes- Corrosion protection of steel structures by


protective paint systems

6.2 British specifications


BS EN ISO 1461

Specification and test methods for hot dip galvanised coatings on iron
and steel articles

BS 3900 F10

Methods of tests for paints. Determination of resistance to cathodic


disbonding of coatings for use in marine environments

BS 4800

Schedule of paint colours for building purposes

BS 6920

Suitability of non-metallic products for use in contact with water


intended for human consumption

BS 7079-0

Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related


substances. Introduction

6.3 Other International Specifications

SP-1246

API RP-5L2

Recommended Practice for Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Noncorrosive Gas Transmission Service

ASTM C868

Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Protective Linings

ASTM D257

Standard Test Method for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating


Materials

ASTM D822

Standard Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposure of


Paint and Related Coatings and Materials

ASTM D870

Standard Practice for Water Resistance of Coatings using Water


Immersion

ASTM D1002

Standard Test Method for Apparent Shear Strength of Adhesively


Single-Lap-Joint Bonded Metal Specimens by Tension Loading
(Metal-to-Metal)

ASTM D1653

Standard Test Method for Water Vapour Transmission of Organic


Coating Films

ASTM D1894

Standard Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction of


Plastic Film and Sheet

ASTM G6

Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Pipeline Coatings

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ASTM G14

Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Pipeline Coatings


(Falling weight Test)

ASTM G17

Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance of Pipeline Coatings


(Blunt Rod)

ASTM G154

Standard Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for


Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

ASTM E96

Standard Test Method for Water Vapour Transmission of Materials

NACE TM0184

Accelerated Test Procedure for Screening Atmospheric Surface


Coating Systems for Offshore Platforms and Equipment

NACE TM0185

Evaluation of Plastic Coating by Autoclave Testing

NACE RP0188

Recommended Practice. Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of New


Protective Coatings on Conductive Substrates

SSPC-SP-3

Surface Preparation Specification. Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal

SSPC-SP-12

Joint Surface Preparation Specification NACE No. 5/SSPC SP 12.


Surface Preparation and Cleaning of Steel and Other Hard Materials
by High-and Ultrahigh-Pressure Water Jetting Prior to Recoating

6.4 PDO and SIEP Documents


DEP 31.40.30.31.Gen

Technical Specification for External Polyethylene and Polypropylene


Coating for Line Pipe

DEP 31.40.30.32.Gen

Technical Specification for External Fusion-bonded Epoxy Powder


Coating for Line Pipe

DEP 30.48.40.31- Gen

Technical specification- Thermal Sprayed Coatings

DEP 31.40.30.35.Gen

Technical Specification Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Noncorrosive Gas Transmission Service

GU-368

Guidelines For The Protection Of Buried Sections Of Surface Laid


Pipelines/Flowlines

PDO-SP-1166

Identification of On-Plot Pipework

PDO-PR-1180

Procedure for Qualification of Pipeline Rehabilitation Coating


Systems

PDO-SP-1128

Specification for Cathodic Protection Design Dec2005

7 Appendix A Glossary of Definitions, Terms and Abbreviations


7.1 Standard Definitions
Within the context of this specification the following words shall have the meanings stated:
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must/shall

Indicates a mandatory requirement.

should

Indicates a preferred course of action.

may

Indicates one acceptable course of action.

API

American Petroleum Institute

SIEP

Shell International Exploration and Production bv.

PDO

Petroleum Development Oman.

SHOC

Safe Handling of Chemicals

Contractor

The PDO appointed Contractor for a defined piece of work.

Vendor

The supplier of materials or equipment - not necessarily the Manufacturer.

Manufacturer

The company responsible for the manufacture - not necessarily the Vendor.

Paint Vendor

The supplier of paint and coating materials.

Paint Vendors
Technical Data Sheet

Data sheet, published and maintained by the Paint Vendor, detailing the
properties of the paint/coating materials and the requirements for their
application. These data sheets also state the conditions for surface preparation
prior to application of paint/coating materials and associated acceptance
criteria.

Paint Vendors Health


and Safety Data Sheet

Data sheet, published and maintained by the Paint Vendor, detailing the
hazardous properties of the paint/coating materials and the health and safety
requirements for their storage, preparation and application.

Painting Contractor

The company responsible for a defined piece of painting, coating or lining


work.

7.2 Special Definitions


Amplitude

Peak to valley height in a steel surface profile, usually after surface preparation.

Atmospheric Zone

That part of the structure above the splash zone.

Dew point

Temperature of an air-water mixture, at which condensation starts. ie where the


mixture has reached water saturation point.

DFT

Dry Film Thickness (thickness of paint film in its dry cured state)

Holidays

Pinholes or small defects in a coating film that penetrate through the film to the
underlying substrate.

Micron

One thousandth part of a mm ().

Pot Life

The length of time a two-pack paint will remain usable, at a given temperature,
after mixing.

Shop

Permanent enclosed facility used for painting/coating with temperature and


humidity control.

Site

Place of new construction/repair painting and coating works for onshore or

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offshore projects. (Approved by PDO).


Submerged Zone

That part of a fixed offshore structure below the splash zone or that
permanently wetted area below the water line of a floating vessel.

Surface Profile (Anchor


Pattern)

The cross-section of a prepared steel surface. Measured distance from depth of


troughs to tops of peaks on the blast cleaned surface. (Amplitude)

WFT

Wet Film Thickness (thickness of a wet paint film prior to evaporation of any
solvent

Tidal zone

That part of a fixed offshore structure between + 2m above mean high water
spring tide and the lowest level at which the preparation for, and application of,
repair coatings is possible without recourse to underwater techniques

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7.3 Abbreviations

SP-1246

ACGIH

American Conference for Government Industrial Hygienists

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

BS

British Standard

CFDH

Corporate Function Discipline Head

DIN

Deutsches Institut Fr Normung

ISO

International Organisation for Standardisation

SHOC

Safety Handling of Chemicals

NACE

National Association of Corrosion Engineers

TA

Technical Authority

TPI

Third Party Inspection

UER

CFDH Materials and Corrosion

VOC

Volatile Organic Compound

WRC

Water Research Council

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8 Appendix B -

Version 2

Paint and Coating System Evaluation

8.1 Introduction
Coating systems proposed by the Paint Vendors are to comply with the generic painting systems as specified in
Parts 2 and 3 and may only be used if they can be demonstrated, by testing performed by an independent test
house, to satisfy the performance criteria defined in this appendix. Each coating system must pass each of the
criteria detailed in the tables shown in this appendix. In general the assessment guidelines used in ISO12944 and
ISO 4628 have been used and the systems proposed should meet the requirements of medium durability with a
life of 5-15 years before maintenance is required.
The performance tests shall be carried out on samples coated from paint manufactured in a regular production
batch and not from specially prepared laboratory samples. Test data shall be provided that verifies the
composition of the coatings as detailed on the technical data sheets.
For status of existing approved coatings refer to tables in Part 5. Systems with performance significantly in
excess of that required by this Specification may be used, provided any additional capital expenditure associated
with the enhanced performance can be justified on the basis of a lifecycle cost assessment.

8.2 Performance Tests


8.2.1

Test Schedule
The required tests for each system are defined in Table B1-to B7

8.2.2

Test Methods
The test methods for each of the tests listed in Tables B1 to B7 are defined in Table B8

8.2.3

Acceptance Criteria
The acceptance criteria for each evaluation test are defined in Table B1 to B7. To pass the coating system must
pass all the acceptance criteria.

8.2.4

Means of Evaluation Following Test


After performing the tests the samples shall be evaluated by the methods shown in Tables B1 to B8

8.2.5

Application and Technical Information


Under the local prevailing site conditions, the coating systems shall be capable of being applied at the specified
thickness using application equipment recommended by the Vendor. The coating so applied shall be of uniform
thickness, free of runs, sags, blemishes, inclusions and holidays.
The Vendor shall supply technical data relating to the following: All product data and all test data shall be
supplied electronically in a read only format such as pdf. File. As part of qualification the Vendor shall provide
test data that verifies the solids content and zinc content (if required) as detailed on the technical data sheets.
The testing shall be done in accordance with ISO 3233 and ISO 3549.
Solids content
Specific gravity
Flash point
Pot life
Mixing method and ratio
Recommended wet and dry film thickness

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Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Version 2

Identification of thinners and cleaners


Theoretical/practical spreading rates (m2/litre)
Application data, including spray pressure, nozzle tip sizes, hose lengths and diameter
Health and Safety data
8.2.6

Notes to Tables B1 B8
RQD

Test required

N/R

Test not required

N/A

Not applicable

1. For New Construction: The coating system should be subjected to cyclic exposure and then evaluated against
the specified requirements.
For Maintenance and repair: The procedure is:
-

apply a new coating (to be compatible with the selected maintenance coating)
subject to cyclic exposure
apply maintenance coating to a selected area
conduct test to the specified requirements

Testing in this way qualifies the adhesion of new coating, adhesion of the maintenance system and
overcoatability of new system.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Test to be conducted at manufacturers recommended maximum service temperature.


Measurement of disbondment from X-cut to be carried out in accordance with annex A of ISO-12944-6
Test solution details and duration are given in table B8
Where CP is not proposed, ie as for GRE and glassflake coatings, cathodic disbondment qualification is not
required.
6. Required for vessels only. Rate of depressurisation shall be at 5 bar per minute from 85 bar to 5 bar.
7. Coating system to have potable water certification. ie listed by Water Research Council/Water Byelaws
Schemes (UK), KIWA, or compliance with BS6920.
8. Not required for coatings for submerged areas ie hulls of boats/SPM.

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April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Table B1
Structures

Version 2

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria -External Onshore Above Ground

Tests and Parameters Measured

Holiday Testing
Adhesion (dry) at 230C
Pneumatic pull-off MPa min
Cyclic Exposure
Disbonding from X- cut3
mm max
Rusting, cracking, blistering,
Chalking
% max
Hardness - Buchholz
Adhesion
MPa min
Overcoatability Adhesion
(of repair)
Salt Spray
Disbonding 3

Method

PCS-1
External
A/G
<100C

NACE RP0188-99

No defects

ISO 4624
ISO 11997-2
ISO-12944-6

5
RQD
5

ISO 4628
ISO 4628
ISO 2815
ISO 4624
ISO 4624

PCS-6
Galvanised
C.Steel
<100 oC

Acceptance Criteria
No defects
No defects
5
N/R

PCS-6
Stainless
Steel
<100oC

No defects

5
RQD
5

5
RQD
5

0
2
90% of

0
2
90% of

0
N/R
90% of

as new
5
5

as new
5
5

as new
5
5

MPa min 1
ISO 7253

ISO-12944-6

mm max
Rusting
Heat Resistance (dry)2
Adhesion pneumatic pull-off

ISO 4628
ISO 3248
ISO 4624

RQD
5

RQD
5

RQD
5

RQD
5

0
N/R

0
400 oC

0
N/R

0
N/R

RQD
N/A

RQD
0

>90% of
new

MPa min
Hardness
Buchholz Indentor

PCS-3
External
A/G
100-400C

ISO 2815

Within
10% of
original

Chemical Analysis
Part Solids
Zinc content

ISO 3233
ISO-3549

RQD
RQD

RQD
N/A

Notes:
Zinc content only required for zinc rich systems.

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April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Table B1
up to 70C

Version 2

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria External Below-Ground Structures

Tests and Parameters


Measured
Buried CS and stainless steel
structures
Holiday Test
NACE
Cathodic Disbondment
70oC
mm max
Adhesion (dry)
Pull-off
MPa min
Shear 70oC
MPa min
Salt Spray
Disbonding3
mm max
Rusting
Adhesion. Pull-off MPa min
Overcoatability. Pull-off 1
(of repair)
MPa min
Adhesion (wet) Distilled water
immersion 70oC
Pneumatic pull-off MPa min
Resistance to Loading
Penetration at 23oC
Penetration at 70oC
Impact Resistance
Water Vapour Permeability
at 23oC
g/m2
o
at 50 C
g/m2
Water Absorption
at 23oC
g/m2
o
at 50 C
g/m2
Part Resistivity
Wet panels v

Method

PCS-2A
<70C
Acceptance criteria

RP0188-99
Appendix C

ISO 4624
ASTM D1002
ISO 7253
ISO-12944-6
ISO 4628
ISO 4624
ISO 4624

No defects
RQD
5
RQD
10
10
RQD
<5mm
0
10
10
RQD

ISO 4624
ASTM G17

ASTM G14
ASTM D1653

ASTM D870

ASTM D257

10
RQD
<5%
<10%
No breaks
RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

Table B3
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria External Below-Ground Structures
for more than 70C

SP-1246

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April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Tests and Parameters


Measured
Buried CS and stainless steel
structures
Holiday Test
NACE
Cathodic Disbondment
95C
mm max
Adhesion (dry)
Pull-off
MPa min
Shear 95oC
MPa min
Salt Spray
Disbonding3
mm max
Rusting
Adhesion. Pull-off MPa min
Overcoatability. Pull-off 1
(of repair)
MPa min
Adhesion (wet) Distilled water
immersion 95oC
Pneumatic pull-off MPa min
Resistance to Loading
Penetration at 23oC
Penetration at 95oC
Impact Resistance
Water Vapour Permeability
at 23oC
g/m2
at 50oC
g/m2
Water Absorption
at 23oC
g/m2
at 50oC
g/m2
Part Resistivity
Wet panels v

Method

Version 2

PCS-2B
>70C
Acceptance criteria

RP0188-99
Appendix C

ASTM D
4541
ASTM D1002
ISO 7253
ISO-12944-6
ISO 4628
ASTM D
4541
ASTM D
4541

ASTM D
4541
ASTM G17

ASTM G14
ASTM D1653

ASTM D870

ASTM D257

No defects
RQD
10
RQD
5
5
RQD
<5mm
0
5

5
RQD
5
RQD
<5%
<10%
No breaks
RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

Notes
Tests to be carried out at manufacturers recommended maximum allowable operating temperature. Some
acceptance criteria will vary based on the proposed temperature and has to be agreed upfront with material and
corrosion CFDH. Hardness and glass transition temperature acceptance criteria may be used based on the
chemistry of the proposed coating

SP-1246

21

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Version 2

Table B4
Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria External Below-Ground Structures
up to 70C using Visco Elastic Wrapping Coating
The required tests for this coating system are listed in table B4 below based on ISO 21809-3. Some of the tests
require aged samples of the coating system. Aging of the samples must be accomplished in two ways: according to
ISO 21809-3 Annex N (dry 100 days at +90C) and according to Shell shrink sleeve document MF95/0290-Rev 1
(immersion in water for 100 days at +90C). All tests on steel pipes will be conducted on carbon steel pipes with
100mm pipe diameter, in three fold.

SP-1246

22

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

SP-1246

23

Version 2

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Table B5

Version 2

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Internals of Tanks and Vessels

Tests and Parameters


Measured

Oil/ Water

Vessels and

PCS-10

Tanks

Separators

Potable7

Method

PCS-7a

PCS-8

PCS-7b

PCS-8

<60 oC

60 - 93 oC

<60 oC

60 - 93 oC

Water
Tanks

Acceptance Criteria
Holiday Test
Adhesion new 60/93oC
MPa min
Chemical Resistance
In specified solution 4
X-cut test3
Rusting, cracking, blistering
Adhesion wet
Cathodic Disbondment 5
60oC / 93oC mm max
Salt Spray
Disbonding 3
mm max
Rusting
Heat Resistance (dry)2
Adhesion pneumatic pull-off
MPa min
Hardness
Buchholz Indentor
Depressurisation6
Holiday Test
Visual examination
Blistering
Cracking

No defects
10

ASTM C868
ISO-12944-6
ISO 4628
ISO 4624
Appendix C
ISO 7253
ISO 4628

No defects

No defects

10

10

10

10

RQD

RQD

RQD

RQD

RQD

<4mm
0
10
RQD
5
RQD
3
None
N/R

<4mm
0
10
RQD
5
RQD
3
None
RQD
>90% of
new
Within
10% of

ISO 4624
ISO 2815

original
N/R

<4mm
0
10
RQD
5
RQD
3
None
N/R

No defects

<4mm
0
10
RQD
5
RQD
3
None
RQD
>90% of new

No defects

<4mm
0
10
RQD
5
RQD
3
None
N/R

Within 10%
of
RQD
No defects

original
RQD
No defects

ISO 4628-2

ISO 4628-4

10
RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

10
RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

N/R

N/R

ISO 4628

Adhesion
Water Vapour Permeability
at 23oC
g/m2
o
2
at 60 C g/m
Water Adsorption
at 23oC
g/m2
at 60oC
g/m2
Part Resistivity
Wet panels v

NACE
RP0188-99
ISO 4624

ISO 4624
ASTM D1653

ASTM D380

ASTM D257

RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

RQD
<300
<1500
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
>107

Note: For operation >93oC UER to be consulted.


ASTM C868 is used to condition the samples and evaluation to be done using tests shown above.
Depressurisation test is detailed in Table B8

Table B6

SP-1246

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Offshore Structures

24

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Tests and Parameters


Measured

Holiday Testing
Adhesion (dry)
Pneumatic pull-off
MPa
min
Cyclic Exposure
Disbonding3
mm max
Rusting, cracking, blistering
Chalking
% max
Adhesion
MPa min
Overcoatability Adhesion (of
repair)
MPa min1
Salt Spray
Disbonding3
mm max
Rusting
Cathodic Disbondment
23oC
mm max
Immersion Exposure (Seawater)
Disbonding from X-cut3
mm max
Rusting, cracking, blistering
Water Adsorption
at 23oC
g/m2
o
at 50 C
g/m2
Impact Resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Time to failure
hrs
Chemical Analysis
Part Solids
Zinc content

SP-1246

Method

NACE
RP0188-99

PCS-11a
Atmospheric
Topsides

No defects

PCS-11b
Submerged
and Tidal
Acceptance Criteria
No defects

PCS-11c
Splash Zone

No defects

RQD
5

RQD
10

RQD
10

RQD
5
0
2
5
5

RQD8
5
0
2
10
10

RQD
5
0
2
10
10

ISO 4628
Appendix C

RQD
5
0
N/R

RQD
5
0
N/R

ASTM C868

N/R

ISO 4628
ASTM D380

N/R

ASTM G14

N/R

ASTM G6

N/R

RQD
5
0
RQD
5
RQD
4
0
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
No breaks
RQD
>25

N/R
4
0
RQD
<40
<70
RQD
No breaks
RQD
>50

N/R
N/A

N/R
N/A

ISO 4624
ISO 11907-2
ISO 4628
ISO 4628
ISO 4624
ISO 4624
ISO 7253

ISO 3233
ISO-3549

RQD
RQD

25

Version 2

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Table B7

Required Tests and Acceptance Criteria Miscellaneous Areas

Tests and Parameters Measured

Holiday Testing
Adhesion (dry)
Pneumatic pull-off

NACE

Method

PCS-4
Insulated
Up to
100oC

PCS-5
External
>400oC

PCS-12
Internal
Flow coat gas
lines

Acceptance Criteria
No defects
No defects

RP0188-99

No defects

ISO 4624

Corrosion Resistance Salt Spray


Disbonding3
mm max

ISO 7253

RQD
5

RQD
5

Rusting
Heat Resistance (dry)2
Adhesion pneumatic pull-off

ISO 4628
ISO 3248
ISO 4624

0
100oC
>90% of

0
400oC
>90% of

ISO 2815

as new
Within 10%
of

as new
Within 10%
of

original

original

RQD

RQD

See DEP

31.40.30.35.Gen

MPa min

MPa min
Hardness
Buchholz Indentor
Chemical Analysis
Part Solids

Notes

Version 2

ISO 3233

RQD
See DEP
31.40.30.35.Gen
0

RQD

Tests to be carried out at manufacturers recommended maximum allowable operating temperature.


For PCS-12 acceptance criteria refer to DEP 31.40.30.35.Gen.

SP-1246

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April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Table B8

Version 2

Summary of Performance Tests

Test/Method

Test Type

Basic Test
Requirements

Duration

Notes

Holiday Test
NACE RP0188

Cathodic Disbondment
Appendix C
Adhesion (dry)
ISO 4624

Adhesion (Shear)
ASTM D1002
Cyclic Exposure
ISO 11997-2

DC spark

5 - 6V/1DFT

Electrical
stress

Test at specified temp.

Pneumatic
pull-off

Test at 23oC and


maximum
recommended service
temperature

Lap shear
strength

Test at 70oC

Accelerated
weathering

UV light
exposure
Performance Observations
ISO-4628-2
ISO-4628-3
ISO-4628-4
ISO-12944-6 annex-A
ISO-4624
ISO-2815
Salt Spray
ISO 7253

Periodic checks
28 day
cycle

Test temperature as stated in


previous tables. Measure
disbondment from X-cut
Tests at service temperature
where appropriate for heat
resistance qualification.

14 days

For buried structures

20 cycles
over
3000hrs

Specimen preparation to
ISO 1513
Test time may be reduced for
external onshore above-ground
coatings
Systems to be tested at low
DFT (i.e. 75% of the Paint
Vendors recommended
nominal DFT). Alternative
acceptance criteria may be
proposed for systems tested at
the Paint Vendor's
recommended nominal DFT.

salt spray

70hrs

dry in ambient air


Weatherometer
exposure -

16hrs
80 hrs

Alternative light source


carbon arc to ASTM D822

Degree of blistering
Degree of rusting
Degree of cracking
Level of disbondment
Adhesion
Hardness
Corrosion
testing

Inspection of X-cut test


panels

min.
3000 hrs

Specimen preparation to
ISO 1513
System DFT and criteria
comments, as for cyclic test
Quantitative assessment to
ISO 4628-2/3/4
ISO-12944-6 annex-A

SP-1246

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April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Test/Method
Chemical/Immersion
Resistance
ASTM C-868

Test Type

Basic Test
Requirements

Duration

Exposure to
potable water

Distilled or de-ionised
water test media.

6 months

Exposure to
saline water

Solution to be 15%
NaCl @ pH4.0

6 months

Version 2

Notes

Condition in accordance with


ASTMC-868 and inspect for
coating deterioration using
ISO 4628
Condition in accordance with
ASTMC-868 and inspect for
coating deterioration using
ISO 4628

Test at manufacturers
recommended
maximum service
temperature.
Evaluation Tests
ISO 4628-2/3/4
ISO-12944-6 annex-A
ISO-4624
ISO-2815
Resistance to Loading
ASTM G17

Blunt rod

Test at 23o and 50oC

Impact Test
ASTM G14

Falling weight

Min .10 repetitions


Test at 23o and 50oC

Inspect for coating damage

Abrasion Resistance
ASTM G6

Surface wear

Electrical resistance
check

Measure time to failure

Surface
hardness

Check change in
hardness using
Buchholz Indentor

Wet cup
Distilled or
de-ionised
water

Test at 23o and 50oC

90 days

30 day monitoring

Immersion

Test at 23o and 50oC

90 days

30 day monitoring

Conductivity
Immersion in
sea water

Test at 50oC

90 days

30 day monitoring
Visually inspect

Test at manufacturers
recommended
maximum service
temperature.
Adhesion Test

200hrs

Condition in accordance with


ISO 3248 and inspect for
coating deterioration using
tests below.

Hardness
ISO 2815
Water Vapour
Permeability
ASTM D1653

Water Absorption
ASTM D870
Part Resistivity
ASTM D257
Heat Resistance (dry)
ISO 3248 (modified for
test temperature)
ISO 4624
ISO 2815

SP-1246

Pneumatic
pull-off
Hardness

After 24
hours
heating

Check % depth of penetration

Change in
Buchholz value

28

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Test Method
Resistance to
Depressurisation
Pressurise at 5 bar/hour

Test Type

Basic Test
Requirements
NACE TM0185

Duration

Notes

Blowdown
simulation

Pressure cycling with


hydrocarbon gas.
Gas content methane
with 2 barg partial
pressure CO2

60 days with 4
depressurisation
cycles at 15 day
intervals.

Visual assessment to
ISO 4628

Depressurise at 5 bar/min
from 85 bar to 5 bar at
temperature of 93oC
Evaluation Tests
ISO 4628-2
ISO 4628-4
ISO 4624
Chemical Analysis
ISO 3233
ISO 3549

SP-1246

Version 2

Blistering
Cracking
Adhesion
Check for solids
content.
Check for zinc content

29

Result to be in
accordance with technical
data sheets
Result to be in
accordance with technical
data sheets

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

9 Appendix C -

Version 2

Cathodic Disbonding Resistance Test

The cathodic disbonding resistance of the coating shall be tested as follows:


The test sample shall be free of holidays when tested in accordance with NACE RP0188.
A 6 mm hole shall be drilled in the coating, by means of a flat-faced mill. The hole shall not
penetrate more than 0.5 mm into the pipe steel. The hole shall be at least 50 mm from any weld.
The sample shall be placed inside an electrolytic cell or an electrolytic cell shall be constructed
on the pipe surface. All metallic parts other than the test defect shall be sealed from the
electrolyte by means of a resin or other suitable compound. The volume of the cell shall be at
least 250 ml.
The cell is filled with a 3 % sodium chloride solution.
An inert auxiliary electrode (e.g. platinum wire or mesh) shall be placed in the electrolyte, remote
from the test defect.
A saturated calomel reference electrode (SCE) shall be placed in the electrolyte with the tip
10 mm from the test defect.
By means of a potentiostat, the electrochemical potential of the steel shall be polarised to -1500
10 mV with respect to the SCE. This potential shall be maintained throughout the test.
The current required to maintain the potential shall be continuously recorded.
The duration of the test shall be 28 days, after which the sample shall be removed from the cell
and examined.
For tests at elevated temperatures, the temperature shall be controlled as follows:
When the sample is immersed in the cell, the solution, including the sample, shall be kept at the
test temperature by the cell being placed in a thermostatically controlled water bath.
When the cell has been constructed on the pipe sample, the steel sample shall be placed in a
thermostatically controlled furnace or sand bath that also covers the top surface of the sample
with at least 1 cm of sand. The furnace or bath shall be adjusted to maintain the required test
temperature on the pipe surface in the test defect.
During tests at elevated temperatures, suitable reflux coolers shall be used to prevent
evaporation of the test electrolyte.
At the end of the test period, the sample shall be rinsed with fresh water and wiped dry.
Two cuts shall be made through the coating in the longitudinal direction of the pipe and two
similar cuts shall be made in the circumferential direction, each pair of cuts being 5 mm apart and
approximately following the tangent of the test defect. The length of the cuts shall extend to
approximately 20 mm each side of the defect; see Figure 1.
By means of a knife, the strips of coating between the cuts shall be peeled from the pipe surface
as far as possible, starting at the test defect. The distance over which the coating is detached
and the metal is exposed, measured from the edge of the original test defect, shall be recorded
for all four directions. The radius of disbonding shall be the arithmetic mean of the four
measurements. A photograph of the test sample after testing, showing the disbonded area,
should be included in the test report.
FIGURE 1

SP-1246

DETERMINATION OF THE RADIUS OF DISBONDING

30

April 2010

Specification for Painting and Coating of Oil and Gas Production FacilitiesPart - 1

Version 2

10 User Comment Form


User Comment Form
If you find something that is incorrect, ambiguous or could be better in this Procedure, write your comments
and suggestions on this form. Send the form to the Document Control Section (DCS). They make a record of
your comment and send the form to the correct CFDH. The form has spaces for your personal details. This lets
DCS or the CFDH ask you about your comments and tell you about the decision.
Procedure Details
Number:

Title:

Issue Date:

Page Number:

Heading Number:

Figure Number:

Comments:

Suggestions:

Users personal details


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Ref.
Ind.:

Signature:

Date:
Phone:

Document Control Section Actions


Comment
Number:

Date:

Recd.:
CFDH Actions
recd.
Decision:
Date:
Reject:
Accept, revise at next issue:
Accept, issue temporary amendment

CFDH
Ref. Ind.:
To CFDH:
Inits.:

Ref.
Ind.

Date:

Comments:

Originator
Advised:

SP-1246

Date:

Inits.:

Document
Control
Advised.

31

Date:

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April 2010