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Original Title: Tablas y Ejemplos Bueno No Prismática

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having Nonprismatic Members

Mm

dx

EI

0

Where I to be expressed as a function of x

Example 1

MB=CABMA

=CABKA

MA(KA)

MA=CBAMB

=CBAKB

MB(KB)

done by loads in case (a) acting through displacements in case (b) is

equal to work done by loads in case (b) acting through displacements in

case (a)

U AB U BA

K A 0 C AB K A 1 C BA K B 1 K B 0

C AB K A C BA K B

Example 2

Determine the fixed end moment for the beam shown. The cross

sectional area has a constant width of 1 ft. E is constant

Example 3

Determine the Stiffness and carry-over factors for the end A of the beam

shown. The cross sectional area has a constant width of 1 ft. E = 10(103) ksi.

Example 4

Determine the Stiffness and carry-over factors for the end A of the

tapered beam shown. The cross sectional area has a constant

width of 1 ft. E is constant.

using Tables

Graphs and tables have been made available to determine fixed-end moments,

stiffness factors and carry-over factors for common structural shapes used in

design. One such source is the Handbook of Frame constants published by the

Portland Cement Association, A portion of these tables, is listed here as Table 1

and 2

aA , ab = ratio of length of haunch at end A and B to the length of span

b = ratio of the distance (from the concentrated load to end A to the length of span

hA, hB = depth of member at ends A and B, respectively

hC = depth of member at minimum section

with b as width of beam

kAB, kBA = stiffness factor for rotation at end A and B, respectively

L = Length of member

MAB, MBA = Fixed-end moments at end A and B, respectively; specified

in tables for uniform load w or concentrated force P

rA, rB = ratios for rectangular cross sectional area, where

hA hC

rA

hC

hB hC

rB

hC

Also

k AB EI C

k BA EI C

KA

, KB

L

L

Nonprismatic Members

1- Beam Pin Supported at Far End

K 'A K A 1 C AB C BA

FEM 'AB FEM AB C BA FEM BA

2- Symmetric Beam and Loading

K 'A K A 1 C AB

3- Symmetric Beam with Antisymmetric Loading

K 'A K A 1 C AB

Nonprismatic Members

4- Relative joint Translation of Beam if End B is fixed

FEM AB K A 1 C AB

L

FEM 'AB

K A 1 C AB C BA

L

Example 5

Using Moment distribution, determine the internal moments at the

support of the beam shown.

The cross sectional area has a constant width of 1 ft. E is constant.

FEM 'BA FEM BA C AB FEM AB

119.5 0.619*(119.5) 193.47

Joint

Member

AB

BA

BC

CB

0.171E

0.105E

0.875E

1.031E

0.107

0.893

COF

0.619

0.619

0.781

0.664

FEM

193.47

-56.73

22.77

Dist.

-14.63

-122.11

0.0

COM

0.0

0.0

-95.37

178.84

-178.84

-72.60

DF

0.0

Members

M AB

M BA

K A A C AB B 1 C AB FEM AB

L

K B B C BA A 1 C BA FEM BA

L

MN

K N N C N F 1 C N FEM N

L

MN

L

Example 5

Solve Using Slope Deflection Equations

Problem 13-13

Determine the moments at A, B and C by the moment

distribution method. Assume the support at A and C is fixed and

roller at B is on a grid base. The girder has a thickness of 4 ft.

Use Tables 13-1. Use E is constant. The haunches are straight.

Problem 13-13

6

0.3

20

42

rA rB

1

2

aA

aB

4

0.2

20

For span AB

For span BC

C AB 0.622

C BA 0.748

k AB 10.06

k BA 8.37

K AB

k AB EI C 8.37EI C

0.4185EI C

L

20

C BC 0.748

C CB 0.622

k BC 8.37

k CB 10.06

K BC

k BC EI C 8.37EI C

0.4185EI C

L

20

Problem 13-13

Joint

Member

A

AB

K

DF

B

BA

C

BC

0.1485EIc 0.1485EIc

CB

1.031E

0.5

0.5

COF

0.622

0.748

0.748

0.622

FEM

-348.48

301.44

-301.44

348.48

Dist.

-348.48

301.44

-301.44

348.48

Problem 13-14

Solve Problem 13-5 using slope deflection equations

Problem 13-14

6

0.3

20

42

rA rB

1

2

From Table 13-1

aA

aB

4

0.2

20

For span BC

For span AB

C AB 0.622

C BA 0.748

k AB 10.06

k BA 8.37

k AB EI C 10.06EI C

0.503EI C

L

20

k EI

8.37EI C

BA C

0.4185EI C

L

20

K AB

K BA

2

2

C BC 0.748

C CB 0.622

k BC 8.37

k CB 10.06

k BC EI C 8.37EI C

0.4185EI C

L

20

k EI

10.06EI C

CB C

0.503EI C

L

20

K BC

K CB

2

2

Problem 13-14

M N K N N C N F 1 C N FEM N

L

M AB 0.312866EI B 348.48

M BA 0.4185EI B 0 0 301.44

M BA 0.4185EI B 301.44

M BC 0.4185EI B 0 0 301.44

M BC 0.4185EI B 301.44

M CB 0.312866EI B 348.48

Equilibrium

M BA M BC 0

M AB 348.48

M BA 301.44

M BC 301.44

M CB 348.48

c 0.0

Problem 2

For the beam and loading shown, span BC has non-prismatic cross section.

Using moment distribution determine the moments at support A, B, C and D.

Use I = constant for span BC, span CD and at the mid of span AB, E = constant.

For span AB use the following factors

C AB C BA 0.65, k AB k BA 8.9

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