You are on page 1of 5



   

)  ((2007

 

 1"#$% 2
13 &% 
'() * +,- 2003  3%27 0 5: ; ,
&) &% 9:$#)$, (#,  * .456=
(# &(, *  D  (9 (% A- 56 G m =70Kg 
EJ  3 #*  (9 *I 5G
* , .
; * (:=  &(, (9 (% A# G * K (Ox, Oy) K
;,= ;N G(:
 * LI,, . 1 LEM K
;% LPQ
.
 O
S5 0, (% K
;, . A- 56 )D g = 9,8m.s -2 =VW . y

Q- (1 56
* =   L,X (JW X
056 (9  Y 3(9 0
(JW (% A-. G
(D % (% A- 56  L  Z y0 v0   ($ L  ). Z[( (1 LEM
; v0 = 4,0 m.s 1 *5y0 = 4,0 m
1 LEM
(:; (11  ,, &%  E,56 * %
#I ; *5 2 LEM(6  - \ #I

"V  ,, "V &%  &% &%


9(,
, ^ ). ] (%; -5 \ #I
$%  S5,(= .( ); - (: \ #I
* = G] :
%( . Epp =mgy.
][ * - X S:A
\ #I  A-, ) tS 2 LEM
YS $ (% A- 56 =
 . tS a
2 LEM
X (12 = c$ 0]  ( 
(% A- 56 
][ *

S5 3  X 4,,


(121 d; (: -5EE,

 ,, , ) Y m gy
(%  ( v A- 56 .
: ) (122 (JW X L,X%
)&  e 5 = G"V -5
. &%
 (123
][ t1"  4%
56 ,  E (% A-G

0Q ) y1[( (1 LEM
& (: -5](
56 ) Y
v 0, m, g, y0 . y 1 ,
X,- h$9 . y1 = 1,0 m
(124 j;  G  ( v 1 (:
][ KJ t1X,- h$9

( 2. (9 * G, (9 (:; : * G=   a,] =  3 K]( *5; . h = 5,0 m
0], * LI,, 2 LEM 5 YQ y(, A- 56 "V  =^ . &%][ S5  G, "
 .Z

www.elghzizal.sup.fr

 (21
][ ;$ t 2= 1s56
( S5$, )]  #% "E' *5; l G $  ] 3 (:;)0
DG &) $,
(*  56 ,,& $ ( 1,0m 4%Y L56 (;-] 
][ t2
L ). m

(# (22 =, (9 (% A# 56 * , : (%


 ;A .
5;% K9 :56 V = 6,50 10 2 m3
3
3
= 1,00 10 kg.m
K956 
E] ,, S:$,
-1
- E9Y ]% \o, ;% 4 0],]( % I)J k ) f = k.v X,[%k = 150 kg.m : ( :

(221( # 0
#:5,56 "V (93
X
I% 
G  K
- a:5) (222  & &) *I ;, *
](% v y X##(%  ( : A- 0
;56
], ) (o ;Y , ] 3 0
D 0
hELEM
* :
dv y k 2
V
v y + g 1
) = 0 (1
dt m
m

* ] , v = v y \P
(223 ; (: * vL  ($[ KJ Koh$9
. X,-

3LEM

"6) (224 % &) 3 LEM 4%Y56 (;-] A9 L:- [ Ko L


. Y )= ). m( vy = :

 

(.

 

L9 (23;,  
Q &E,% #)$, ) ,- ( #( * &% &E,]$  *:(#
K# (:
 ($
][
(  vy][ . Q
^%
%( (231
,# (:
  ($
][ ) tn #, ) v y (t n 
][ t n+1 = t n + t =VW ,#(:

v y (t n+1 ) ,#

)]: l

v y (t n+1 ) = v y (tn ) + a y (t n ).t

\%

) , 5;, ] )$ ;,  &) 


Q

dv y
dt

= (% a y X% :$
0 ], )(o,y

)(2

a y (t ) = 2,14 v y 0,700

5V ]$t = 1,20.102 s :
, ) (232 ;, ) (2 K, * :

)ay (m.s-2

)vy (m.s-1

][ )(s
tn = 1,44 10 1

ay(tn) = 9,75

vy(tn) = 2,21

ay(tn+1) = .

v y(tn+1) = .

tn+1 = 1,56 10 1

ay(tn+2) = 7,77

v y(tn+2) = 1,99

tn+2 = 1,68 10 1

www.elghzizal.sup.fr

( )L]
(
1.
3% Epp = mgy (11
E pp (max) ) = mgys

yS =

E pp (max) )

ys =

mg

E pp (max)
mg

t =t s = 400s  : []
  :%
E pp(max) = 3,45KJ = 3,45.103 J

yS =

3,45.10 3
= 5,03m : 3%
70,0.9,80
:  ,  ,,
 EE, -5( 121

Em = EC + E pp =

1 2
mv + mgy
2
: 3% qQ] EE, -5 r L,X% X( JW ,) (122

Em = C STE
STE

Em(t 0) = Em (t1) :  EE, -5 qQ] t1 t0 &[]


( )& 123
EC(t0) + EPP(t0) = EC(t1) + EPP(t 1)
EC(t1) = EC(t0) + EPP(t0) EPP(t 1)
Ec(t1) = .m.v0 + m.g.y0 m.g.y1
Ec(t1) = .m.v0 + m.g.(y0 y1)
Ec(t1) = 70,0 (4,0) + 70,0 9,80 (4,0 1,0) = 2,6 103 J = 2,6 kJ.
(124

EC (t1 ) =

(= C

2 EC (t1 )
1
2,6.103 2
2
mv1 v1 =
=
= 8,6m.s 1
2
m
70

, ( ]( * 2.
a,  ,)1m G & ;: 5# 0" A 3  ,) , S5 +] 2 m ;) 0
G  t1 =1s []
(  21
[]
G=;( ]  - 4,
 Y 3r 5,0 m ]
(22
: #:5, #( ( 221

www.elghzizal.sup.fr

r
r
r
P = mg = mgj : 
r
r
r
FA = Vg = Vgj :  ,V ;
 ](0], $;% : ;o, E9Y - 

r
r
2r
f = kv 2 j = kv y j

r
v r
r
P + FA + f = maG : &*  I - a:5) (222
(o,y) 0
#t)
mg + Vg + kv 2y = maGy

g +

V
m

g+

k 2 dv y
vy =
m
dt

k 2
V
3%
v y + g 1
=0
dt m
m

dv y

Ko( * [ 223

v y2 =

mg V
1

k
m

vy =

v y = C ste

mg V
1

k
m

(  ](0]% 4E 0
D] ] , 3 [(  :$ ,#= VW

v L = v yL =

dv y

=0
dt
k
V
v 2y + g 1
m
m

k 2
V
v = g 1

) m y
m

yr

70.9,80 103.6,5.10 2
1
= 0,57 m.s 1
150
70

=0

r
r
v = vy j

O
(225

LI,, 0], S:A t > 3,0 s

&% ) q9"
dy
ste
( , * = v y =
= C = vL  ,) ) K#$% & : y(t)
dt
. 56& ( % (;# $%"% a =  a,; 4m &% L- a, 0
Ko [ LA] 0],& %
t = 3,6s []
;( ]  - 56 4%" ,) t = 3,0s []
 Ko [ LA]
(23
(231
vy(tn+1) = vy(tn) + ay(tn).t (1 -";)
v y(tn+1)= 2,21 + 9,75 1,20102
v y(tn+1)= 2,09 m.s-1
2,21 m.s-1 1,99 m.s-1.&) A]% X
LA], ,#;"

www.elghzizal.sup.fr

ay (tn+1) = 2,14 vy(tn+1) 0,700


(2) -"; h$9
= 2,14 (2,09) - 0,700
= 8,65 m.s-2
9,75 m.s-2 7,77 m.s-2. &,# )& A]%  X
LA], ,#
( s)
][
t n = 1,44 10-1

vy ( m.s-1)

ay ( m.s-2)

vy(tn) = 2,21

ay(tn) = 9,75

t n+1 = 1,55 10-1

v y(tn+1) = 2,09

ay(tn+1) = 8,65

t n+2 = 1,68 10-1

v y(tn+2) = 1,99

ay(tn+2) = 7,77

elghzizal@live.fr : *(EY( :( : AY( , a


;[ 9"% LE

www.elghzizal.sup.fr